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Ælfweard of Wessex

Ælfweard (; c. 902 – 2 August 924) was the second son of Edward the Elder, the eldest born to his second wife Ælfflæd.

Ælfweard
King of Wessex (disputed)
Reign17 July 924 – c. 2 August 924
PredecessorEdward the Elder
SuccessorÆthelstan
Bornc. 902
Wessex, England
Died2 August 924 (aged 21–22)
Oxford, England
Burial
HouseWessex
FatherEdward the Elder
MotherÆlfflæd
ReligionRoman Catholic

Contents

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle simply states that Ælfweard died soon after his father's death on 17 July 924 and that they were buried together at Winchester. Manuscript D of the Chronicle specifies that he outlived his father by only 16 days. No reign is explicitly attributed to him here. However, a list of West-Saxon kings in the 12th-century Textus Roffensis mentions him as his father's successor, with a reign of four weeks. He is also described as king in the New Minster Liber Vitae, an 11th-century source based in part on earlier material. On the other hand, William of Malmesbury, summarising a text dating to the lifetime of Ælfweard's elder brother Æthelstan, states that Æthelstan succeeded under the terms of his father's will.

This conflicting documentation has led to alternative interpretations, some modern historians concluding that he had succeeded his father in preference to his older half-brother Æthelstan, while others maintain that Æthelstan was the only heir to his father. Alternatively, a divided rule has been suggested, since the so-called Mercian register of the Chronicle reports that Æthelstan became king of the Mercians, and William of Malmesbury, though denying a reign for Ælfweard, reports that Æthelstan was educated at the Mercian court of his aunt Æthelflæd. In the view of Simon Keynes, Ælfweard was recognised as king in Wessex and Æthelstan in Mercia, and although it is possible that Edward intended a division of the kingdom after his death, it is more likely that the leaders of Wessex chose Ælfweard and Mercia set up Æthelstan in opposition.

Ælfweard died only 16 days after his father, on 2 August 924 at Oxford, and was buried at the New Minster, Winchester. Æthelstan still had difficulty in securing acceptance in Wessex, and he was not crowned King of the Anglo-Saxons until 4 September 925.

  1. (Rochester, Cathedral Library, MS A.3.5, fols. 7v-8r).
  2. Yorke, Bishop Æthelwold. p. 71.
  3. f. 9v, cited by Yorke.
  4. "Ælfweard 4". Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.
  5. Williams, "Some Notes", pp. 149–50; Mynors et al, William of Malmesbury, p. 211
  6. Walker, Mercia and the Making of England. p. 127.
  7. Keynes, 'Rulers of the English', p. 514
  8. Foot, Æthelstan, p. 17
  • Foot, Sarah (2011). Æthelstan the first king of England. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12535-1.
  • Keynes, Simon (2001). "Rulers of the English, c.450–1066". In Michael Lapidge; John Blair; Simon Keynes; Donald Scragg (eds.). The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 978-0-6312-2492-1.
  • Lapidge, Michael (2001). The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-22492-1.
  • Mynors, R. A. B.; Thomson, R. M.; Winterbottom, M., eds. (1998). William of Malmesbury: Gesta Regum Anglorum, The History of the English Kings. I. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820678-1.
  • Walker, Ian W. (2000). Mercia and the Making of England. Sutton Pub Limited. ISBN 978-0-7509-2131-2.
  • Williams, Ann, "Some Notes and Considerations on Problems Connected with the English Royal Succession, 860–1066", Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 1978, R. Allen Brown, ed., Boydell & Brewer, 1979, 144–167.
  • Yorke, Barbara. Bishop Æthelwold. His Career and Influence. Woodbridge, 1988.
  • Keynes, Simon (1996). The Liber Vitae of the New Minster and Hyde Abbey in Winchester. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger. pp. 20–22.
Regnal titles
Preceded by — DISPUTED —
King of Wessex
924
Succeeded by

Ælfweard of Wessex
AElfweard of Wessex Language Watch Edit AElfweard ˈ ae l f w ɔːr d c 902 2 August 924 was the second son of Edward the Elder the eldest born to his second wife AElfflaed AElfweardKing of Wessex disputed Reign17 July 924 c 2 August 924PredecessorEdward the ElderSuccessorAEthelstanBornc 902 Wessex EnglandDied2 August 924 aged 21 22 Oxford EnglandBurialNew Minster WinchesterHouseWessexFatherEdward the ElderMotherAElfflaedReligionRoman Catholic Contents 1 Kingship and death 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksKingship and death EditThe Anglo Saxon Chronicle simply states that AElfweard died soon after his father s death on 17 July 924 and that they were buried together at Winchester Manuscript D of the Chronicle specifies that he outlived his father by only 16 days No reign is explicitly attributed to him here However a list of West Saxon kings in the 12th century Textus Roffensis 1 mentions him as his father s successor with a reign of four weeks 2 He is also described as king in the New Minster Liber Vitae 3 4 an 11th century source based in part on earlier material On the other hand William of Malmesbury summarising a text dating to the lifetime of AElfweard s elder brother AEthelstan states that AEthelstan succeeded under the terms of his father s will 5 This conflicting documentation has led to alternative interpretations some modern historians concluding that he had succeeded his father in preference to his older half brother AEthelstan while others maintain that AEthelstan was the only heir to his father 5 Alternatively a divided rule has been suggested since the so called Mercian register of the Chronicle reports that AEthelstan became king of the Mercians and William of Malmesbury though denying a reign for AElfweard reports that AEthelstan was educated at the Mercian court of his aunt AEthelflaed 2 5 6 In the view of Simon Keynes AElfweard was recognised as king in Wessex and AEthelstan in Mercia and although it is possible that Edward intended a division of the kingdom after his death it is more likely that the leaders of Wessex chose AElfweard and Mercia set up AEthelstan in opposition 7 AElfweard died only 16 days after his father on 2 August 924 at Oxford and was buried at the New Minster Winchester AEthelstan still had difficulty in securing acceptance in Wessex and he was not crowned King of the Anglo Saxons until 4 September 925 7 8 See also EditFamily tree of English monarchsNotes Edit Rochester Cathedral Library MS A 3 5 fols 7v 8r a b Yorke Bishop AEthelwold p 71 f 9v cited by Yorke AElfweard 4 Prosopography of Anglo Saxon England a b c Williams Some Notes pp 149 50 Mynors et al William of Malmesbury p 211 Walker Mercia and the Making of England p 127 a b Keynes Rulers of the English p 514 Foot AEthelstan p 17References EditFoot Sarah 2011 AEthelstan the first king of England Yale University Press ISBN 978 0 300 12535 1 Keynes Simon 2001 Rulers of the English c 450 1066 In Michael Lapidge John Blair Simon Keynes Donald Scragg eds The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo Saxon England Blackwell Publishing ISBN 978 0 6312 2492 1 Lapidge Michael 2001 The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo Saxon England Wiley Blackwell ISBN 978 0 631 22492 1 Mynors R A B Thomson R M Winterbottom M eds 1998 William of Malmesbury Gesta Regum Anglorum The History of the English Kings I Oxford UK Clarendon Press ISBN 978 0 19 820678 1 Walker Ian W 2000 Mercia and the Making of England Sutton Pub Limited ISBN 978 0 7509 2131 2 Williams Ann Some Notes and Considerations on Problems Connected with the English Royal Succession 860 1066 Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1978 R Allen Brown ed Boydell amp Brewer 1979 144 167 Yorke Barbara Bishop AEthelwold His Career and Influence Woodbridge 1988 Further reading EditKeynes Simon 1996 The Liber Vitae of the New Minster and Hyde Abbey in Winchester Copenhagen Rosenkilde and Bagger pp 20 22 External links EditAElfweard 4 at Prosopography of Anglo Saxon EnglandRegnal titlesPreceded byEdward the Elder DISPUTED King of Wessex 924 Succeeded by AEthelstan Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title AElfweard of Wessex amp oldid 1028558743, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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