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May 24, 1993 PKK attack

The May 24, 1993 PKK attack, sometimes referred to as the Bingöl massacre was a Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) attack on unarmed Turkish military soldiers on the Elazığ-Bingöl highway, 13 km (8.1 mi) west of Bingöl. 33 Turkish soldiers and varying conflicting accounts of civilians were killed (two, four five). This occurred following the breaking of the first ever PKK-Turkish ceasefire when Turkish forces attacked the PKK in Kulp.

May 24, 1993 PKK attack
Part of Kurdish–Turkish conflict

Locations of Elazığ and Bingöl Turkey
Date24 May 1993
Location
Result Inadvertently end of first cease-fire.
Belligerents
Turkey Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
Commanders and leaders
Şemdin Sakık
Strength
33 unarmed soldiers 150 militants
Casualties and losses
33 soldiers and 2–5 civilians
22 soldiers briefly captured
None

Contents

In late 1991, Turkish president Turgut Özal attempted to establish dialogue with the PKK. He had said the idea of a federation could be discussed and a Kurdish language TV channel could be opened. He also passed a bill, partially unbanning the use of the Kurdish language. In response the PKK declared a cease-fire on 20 March 1993. On 17 April 1993 Turgut Özal died under suspicious circumstances. The Turkish military began to increase their attacks on the PKK, in particular on 19 May, in Kulp killing around a dozen rebels. Under the control of the provincial commander of the area at the time, Şemdin Sakık reported to Abdullah Öcalan that the soldiers were losing respect. Öcalan responded by stating you may retaliate if attacked to defend yourself, unaware of what would be planned.

Sasik decided on a show of strength, ordering units to block all main rounds to the Diyarbakir (Amed) which was a favored operation by the rebels as it asserted authority. Due to the remoteness of some of these stretches of highway, the Turkish military were not eager to confront the PKK so sometimes sent off-duty soldiers via unmarked buses to avoid being targeted or identified at any roadblock.

One of these roads was the Elazığ-Bingöl highway which was allegedly manned by over 150 PKK militants, who had come down from the mountains to the southeast. The PKK stopped several buses transferring unarmed Turkish soldiers in civilian clothes, and then dragged 33 soldiers and five civilians (including four teachers) from the vehicles and executed them. Some 22 soldiers were spared by the PKK and taken prisoner, before being released. The military was criticized for the fact that the soldiers were unarmed and there were no units protecting them. Sakık, later captured by the Turkish security forces, testified during the Ergenekon trials that deep state elements in the Turkish military had sent the soldiers unarmed in the hope they would be killed, as part of the Doğu Çalışma Grubu's coup plans.

On the 8 June 1993, Abdullah Öcalan announced the cease fire it declared in March was over. The Turkish military intensified its anti-insurgency operations against the PKK during the following months. A total of 92 Turkish security forces, 203 Kurdish rebels and 29 civilians were killed during anti-insurgency operations in May and June, an additional 120 Kurds were arrested during these operations.

Turkish claimed that Kucuk Zeki, the PKK's commander in Muş at the time, described the attack as a turning point in the conflict, as the state stepped up its operations against the PKK and "the war got much worse".

On 24 May 2012, the 33 Martyrs Memorial near Bingöl was dedicated to the 33 victims of the attack.

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May 24, 1993 PKK attack
May 24 1993 PKK attack Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Cewlik massacre The May 24 1993 PKK attack 4 5 6 sometimes referred to as the Bingol massacre 7 8 was a Kurdistan Workers Party PKK attack on unarmed Turkish military soldiers on the Elazig Bingol highway 13 km 8 1 mi west of Bingol 33 Turkish soldiers and varying conflicting accounts of civilians were killed two 9 four 10 five 1 This occurred following the breaking of the first ever PKK Turkish ceasefire when Turkish forces attacked the PKK in Kulp 11 12 May 24 1993 PKK attackPart of Kurdish Turkish conflictLocations of Elazig and Bingol TurkeyDate24 May 1993LocationElazig Bingol highwayResultInadvertently end of first cease fire Belligerents TurkeyKurdistan Workers Party PKK Commanders and leadersSemdin SakikStrength33 unarmed soldiers 1 2 150 militants 3 Casualties and losses33 soldiers and 2 5 civilians 1 22 soldiers briefly captured 2 None Contents 1 Background 2 The attack 3 Aftermath 4 Legacy 5 ReferencesBackground EditIn late 1991 Turkish president Turgut Ozal attempted to establish dialogue with the PKK He had said the idea of a federation could be discussed and a Kurdish language TV channel could be opened 13 He also passed a bill partially unbanning the use of the Kurdish language 14 In response the PKK declared a cease fire on 20 March 1993 15 On 17 April 1993 Turgut Ozal died under suspicious circumstances 16 The Turkish military began to increase their attacks on the PKK in particular on 19 May in Kulp killing around a dozen rebels 11 Under the control of the provincial commander of the area at the time Semdin Sakik reported to Abdullah Ocalan that the soldiers were losing respect Ocalan responded by stating you may retaliate if attacked to defend yourself unaware of what would be planned 17 The attack EditSasik decided on a show of strength ordering units to block all main rounds to the Diyarbakir Amed which was a favored operation by the rebels as it asserted authority Due to the remoteness of some of these stretches of highway the Turkish military were not eager to confront the PKK so sometimes sent off duty soldiers via unmarked buses to avoid being targeted or identified at any roadblock 17 One of these roads was the Elazig Bingol highway which was allegedly manned by over 150 PKK militants 3 who had come down from the mountains to the southeast 1 The PKK stopped several buses transferring unarmed Turkish soldiers in civilian clothes and then dragged 3 33 soldiers and five civilians 1 including four teachers 17 from the vehicles and executed them 3 Some 22 soldiers were spared by the PKK and taken prisoner before being released 2 The military was criticized for the fact that the soldiers were unarmed and there were no units protecting them 13 Sakik later captured by the Turkish security forces testified during the Ergenekon trials that deep state elements in the Turkish military had sent the soldiers unarmed in the hope they would be killed as part of the Dogu Calisma Grubu s coup plans 18 Aftermath EditOn the 8 June 1993 Abdullah Ocalan announced the cease fire it declared in March was over 19 The Turkish military intensified its anti insurgency operations against the PKK during the following months 1 A total of 92 Turkish security forces 203 Kurdish rebels and 29 civilians were killed during anti insurgency operations in May and June an additional 120 Kurds were arrested during these operations 2 Turkish claimed that Kucuk Zeki the PKK s commander in Mus at the time described the attack as a turning point in the conflict as the state stepped up its operations against the PKK and the war got much worse 17 Legacy Edit 33 Martyrs Memorial On 24 May 2012 the 33 Martyrs Memorial near Bingol was dedicated to the 33 victims of the attack References Edit a b c d e f Turkey Atlapedia Online Retrieved 11 February 2015 a b c d Kurds in Turkey page 11 Archived 2011 07 16 at the Wayback Machine a b c d 1993 Human Rights Report TURKEY web archive org 16 July 2011 Archived from the original on 3 March 2016 Retrieved 31 August 2021 Refugees United Nations High Commissioner for Refworld U S Department of State Country Report on Human Rights Practices 1993 Turkey Refworld Retrieved 8 September 2021 Usta birliklerine giderken PKK li teroristlerce sehit edilen sivil ve silahsiz 33 asker aniliyor www aa com tr Retrieved 8 September 2021 Secret witness reveals identity shady ties between PKK and Ergenekon web archive org 19 November 2012 Retrieved 8 September 2021 Cemal Hasan 2010 Turkiye nin asker sorunu ey asker siyasete karisma in Turkish Dogan Kitap ISBN 978 605 111 628 0 yazdi Gulden AYDIN 33 sehitli o gunden beri hic kahkaha atamadim www hurriyet com tr in Turkish Retrieved 10 October 2020 TURKS SAY KURDS KILLED 33 TROOPS The New York Times web archive org 31 August 2021 Retrieved 8 September 2021 Wayback Machine PDF web archive org 7 October 2014 Retrieved 8 September 2021 Cite uses generic title help a b Gunes Cengiz 11 January 2013 The Kurdish National Movement in Turkey From Protest to Resistance Routledge p 133 ISBN 978 1 136 58798 6 PKK has repeatedly asked for a ceasefire of peace since their establishment in the past 17 years Archived 2011 11 25 at the Wayback Machine a b TURKEY History of PKK in Turkey Retrieved 11 February 2015 Kurdish Language Policy in Turkey Archived 2012 07 27 at the Wayback Machine Phillips David L 5 July 2017 The Kurdish Spring A New Map of the Middle East Routledge p 60 ISBN 978 1 351 48037 6 Remains of Turgut Ozal reinterred Turkey News Hurriyet Daily News Retrieved 6 March 2020 a b c d Page 214 Archived 2014 10 07 at the Wayback Machine Secret witness reveals identity shady ties between PKK and Ergenekon web archive org 6 November 2012 Retrieved 2 December 2020 Ozcan Ali Kemal 2006 Turkey s Kurds A Theoretical Analysis of the PKK and Abdullah Ocalan Routledge p 206 ISBN 9780415366878 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title May 24 1993 PKK attack amp oldid 1044264798, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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