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É

Not to be confused with È.
This article is about the letter. For the Sumerian word, see É (temple). For the album by Duda Brack, see É (album).
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(August 2020) ()

É, é (e-acute) is a letter of the Latin alphabet. In English, it is used for loanwords (such as French résumé), romanization (Japanese Pokémon) or occasionally as a pronunciation aid in poetry.

Latin letter E with acute

Languages may use é to indicate a certain sound (French), stress pattern (Spanish), length (Czech) or tone (Vietnamese), as well as to write loanwords or distinguish identical-sounding words (Dutch). Certain romanization systems such as pinyin (Standard Chinese) also use é for tone. Some languages use the letter only in specific contexts, such as in Indonesian dictionaries.

Contents

Afrikaans

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(September 2021)

Catalan

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(September 2021)

Czech and Slovak

É is the 9th letter of the Czech alphabet and the 12th letter of the Slovak alphabet and represents/ɛː/.

Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish

In Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish, the letter "é" is used to indicate that a terminal syllable with the vowel e is stressed, and it is often used only when it changes the meaning. See Acute accent for a more detailed description. In addition, Danish uses é in some loanwords to represent /i/.

Dutch

Like in English, é is respected when writing foreign words, mainly from French. It is also used to differentiate the article "een," equivalent to either "a" or "an" in English, and "één", the number one. It is also used to add visual stress on words in the same way English might use italics. In Dutch, some people use "hé" as a greeting, like "hey" or "hi".

Emilian-Romagnol

In Emilian, é is used to represent [e], e.g. récc [rekː] "rich". In Romagnol the same letter is used to represent [eː], e.g. lédar [ˈleːdar] "thieves".

English

In English, the e-acute has some uses, mostly in words of French origin, such as née, résumé, fiancée, sauté and coupé and names such as Beyoncé, Breneé, JonBenét, and Théo. Pokémon, the media franchise owned by Japanese corporation Nintendo, uses [k]é to signify the proper pronunciation of the katakana .

French

Main article: French orthography

The letter é (pronounced/e/) contrasts with è (which is pronounced/ɛ/) and is widely used in French.

Galician

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(September 2021)

Hungarian

É is the 10th letter of the Hungarian alphabet and represents/eː/.

Icelandic

É is the 7th letter of the Icelandic alphabet and represents/jɛː/.

Indonesian

Used in Indonesian dictionaries to denote/e/, in contrast with E, e/ə/.

Irish

In Irish the acute accent (fada) marks a long vowel and so é is pronounced/eː/.

Italian

É is a variant of E carrying an acute accent; it represents an/e/ carrying the tonic accent. It is used only if it is the last letter of the word except in dictionaries or when a different pronunciation may affect the meaning of a word: perché ("why"/"because", pronounced ) and pésca ("fishing", ), to be compared with caffè ("coffee", ) and pèsca ("peach", ), which have a grave accent.

Kashubian

É is the 8th letter of the Kashubian alphabet and represents/ɛ/. It also represents[ej] in some dialects and represents[i]/[ɨ] in area between Puck and Kartuzy.

Luxembourgish

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(September 2021)

Navajo

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(September 2021)

Occitan

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(September 2021)

Polish

In Polish, é was historically used for a vowel called e pochylone or e ścieśnione, sounded as [e], [ɨ] or [i] depending on the dialect. Since 1891, é is no longer used in standard Polish and is replaced by the simple e. It is, however, retained in editions of poetry where the rhyme suggests pronouncing it as i or y.

Portuguese

In Portuguese, é is used to mark a stressed/ɛ/ in words whose stressed syllable is in unpredictable within the word, as in "péssimo" (very bad). If the location of the stressed syllable is predictable, the acute accent is not used. É/ɛ/ contrasts with ê,/e/. "É" can also mean "is": ela é bonita (she is pretty).

Scottish Gaelic

É was once used in Scottish Gaelic, but has now been largely superseded by "è".[citation needed] It can still be seen, but it is no longer used in the standard orthography.

Spanish

In Spanish, é is an accented letter and is pronounced just like "e" /e/. The accent indicates the stressed syllable in words with irregular stress, as in "éxtasis" or "bebé". See Diacritic and Acute accent for more details.

Standard Chinese (pinyin)

É or é is used for/ɤ/ with a rising tone ([ɤ̌]) in Pinyin, a romanization system for Standard Chinese.

Sundanese

⟨É⟩ is used in Sundanese for the close-mid front unrounded vowel /e/ since 1975 with the publishing of Kamus Umum Basa Sunda (General Sundanese Dictionary), replacing the regular ⟨e⟩ used before to represent the vowel. ⟨E⟩ is now used for the mid central vowel /ə/, previously written as ⟨ê⟩.

Vietnamese

In Vietnamese, the letter "é" indicates the rising tone. It can also be combined with "ê" to form "ế".

Welsh

In Welsh, word stress usually falls on the penultimate syllable, but one way of indicating stress on a final (short) vowel is through the use of the acute accent, often found on e in borrowed words: personél "personnel", sigarét "cigarette", ymbarél "umbrella".

Yoruba

e with a Mí High with a rising tone, depicted by an acute accent The pronunciation of words in Yorùbá language is tonal; where a different pitch conveys a different word meaning or grammatical distinction.

This means that pronouncing words in Yorùbá is based on what is called Àmì ohùn – Tone Marks. These marks are applied to the top of the vowel within each syllable of a word or phrase.

There are three types of tone marks namely:

Dò Low with a falling tone, depicted by a grave accent Re Mid with a flat tone, depicted by an absence of any accent Mí High with a rising tone, depicted by an acute accent Understanding the use of tone marks is key to properly reading, writing and speaking the Yorùbá language. This is because some words have similar spellings but at the addition of tone marks, these words could have very different meanings.

Character information
Preview É é
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH ACUTE LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 201 U+00C9 233 U+00E9
UTF-8 195 137 C3 89 195 169 C3 A9
Numeric character reference É É é é
Named character reference É é
ISO 8859-1/2/3/4/9/10/13/14/15/16 201 C9 233 E9
Mac OS Roman 131 83 142 8E

Key strokes

  • Microsoft Windows users can type an "é" by pressing Alt+130 or Alt+0233 on the numeric pad of the keyboard. "É" can be typed by pressing Alt+144 or Alt+0201.
  • On US International and UK English keyboard layouts, users can type the acute accent letter "é" by typing AltGR+E.
    • This method can also be applied to many other acute accented letters which do not appear on the standard US English keyboard layout.
  • In Microsoft Word, users can press Ctrl+' (apostrophe), then E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or "É".
  • On macOS, users can press ⌥ Option+E, then E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or "É".
  • Using a compose key, users can hold Compose and press ' (apostrophe) E for "é" or Compose ' (apostrophe) ⇧ Shift+E for "É".
  • On a standard Android, Windows Mobile, or iOS keyboard, users can hold the E key until special characters appear, slide to the é, and then release.
  1. Hardjadibrata, R. R. (1985). Sundanese: A Syntactical Analysis. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. p. 6. doi:10.15144/PL-D65. hdl:1885/146623.

É
E Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with E This article is about the letter For the Sumerian word see E temple For the album by Duda Brack see E album This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources E news newspapers books scholar JSTOR August 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message E e e acute is a letter of the Latin alphabet In English it is used for loanwords such as French resume romanization Japanese Pokemon or occasionally as a pronunciation aid in poetry Latin letter E with acute Languages may use e to indicate a certain sound French stress pattern Spanish length Czech or tone Vietnamese as well as to write loanwords or distinguish identical sounding words Dutch Certain romanization systems such as pinyin Standard Chinese also use e for tone Some languages use the letter only in specific contexts such as in Indonesian dictionaries Contents 1 Languages 1 1 Afrikaans 1 2 Catalan 1 3 Czech and Slovak 1 4 Danish Norwegian and Swedish 1 5 Dutch 1 6 Emilian Romagnol 1 7 English 1 8 French 1 9 Galician 1 10 Hungarian 1 11 Icelandic 1 12 Indonesian 1 13 Irish 1 14 Italian 1 15 Kashubian 1 16 Luxembourgish 1 17 Navajo 1 18 Occitan 1 19 Polish 1 20 Portuguese 1 21 Scottish Gaelic 1 22 Spanish 1 23 Standard Chinese pinyin 1 24 Sundanese 1 25 Vietnamese 1 26 Welsh 1 27 Yoruba 2 Character mappings 2 1 Key strokes 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksLanguages EditAfrikaans Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it September 2021 Catalan Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it September 2021 Czech and Slovak Edit E is the 9th letter of the Czech alphabet and the 12th letter of the Slovak alphabet and represents ɛː Danish Norwegian and Swedish Edit In Danish Norwegian and Swedish the letter e is used to indicate that a terminal syllable with the vowel e is stressed and it is often used only when it changes the meaning See Acute accent for a more detailed description In addition Danish uses e in some loanwords to represent i Dutch Edit Like in English e is respected when writing foreign words mainly from French It is also used to differentiate the article een equivalent to either a or an in English and een the number one It is also used to add visual stress on words in the same way English might use italics In Dutch some people use he as a greeting like hey or hi Emilian Romagnol Edit In Emilian e is used to represent e e g recc rekː rich In Romagnol the same letter is used to represent eː e g ledar ˈleːdar thieves English Edit Main article Acute accent English In English the e acute has some uses mostly in words of French origin such as nee resume fiancee saute and coupe and names such as Beyonce Brenee JonBenet and Theo Pokemon the media franchise owned by Japanese corporation Nintendo uses k e to signify the proper pronunciation of the katakana ケ French Edit Main article French orthography The letter e pronounced e contrasts with e which is pronounced ɛ and is widely used in French Galician Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it September 2021 Hungarian Edit E is the 10th letter of the Hungarian alphabet and represents eː Icelandic Edit E is the 7th letter of the Icelandic alphabet and represents jɛː Indonesian Edit Used in Indonesian dictionaries to denote e in contrast with E e e Irish Edit In Irish the acute accent fada marks a long vowel and so e is pronounced eː Italian Edit E is a variant of E carrying an acute accent it represents an e carrying the tonic accent It is used only if it is the last letter of the word except in dictionaries or when a different pronunciation may affect the meaning of a word perche why because pronounced perˈke and pesca fishing ˈpeska to be compared with caffe coffee kafˈfɛ and pesca peach ˈpɛska which have a grave accent Kashubian Edit E is the 8th letter of the Kashubian alphabet and represents ɛ It also represents ej in some dialects and represents i ɨ in area between Puck and Kartuzy Luxembourgish Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it September 2021 Navajo Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it September 2021 Occitan Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it September 2021 Polish Edit In Polish e was historically used for a vowel called e pochylone or e sciesnione sounded as e ɨ or i depending on the dialect Since 1891 e is no longer used in standard Polish and is replaced by the simple e It is however retained in editions of poetry where the rhyme suggests pronouncing it as i or y Portuguese Edit In Portuguese e is used to mark a stressed ɛ in words whose stressed syllable is in unpredictable within the word as in pessimo very bad If the location of the stressed syllable is predictable the acute accent is not used E ɛ contrasts with e e E can also mean is ela e bonita she is pretty Scottish Gaelic Edit E was once used in Scottish Gaelic but has now been largely superseded by e citation needed It can still be seen but it is no longer used in the standard orthography Spanish Edit In Spanish e is an accented letter and is pronounced just like e e The accent indicates the stressed syllable in words with irregular stress as in extasis or bebe See Diacritic and Acute accent for more details Standard Chinese pinyin Edit E or e is used for ɤ with a rising tone ɤ in Pinyin a romanization system for Standard Chinese Sundanese Edit E is used in Sundanese for the close mid front unrounded vowel e since 1975 with the publishing of Kamus Umum Basa Sunda General Sundanese Dictionary replacing the regular e used before to represent the vowel E is now used for the mid central vowel e previously written as e 1 Vietnamese Edit In Vietnamese the letter e indicates the rising tone It can also be combined with e to form ế Welsh Edit In Welsh word stress usually falls on the penultimate syllable but one way of indicating stress on a final short vowel is through the use of the acute accent often found on e in borrowed words personel pɛrsɔˈnɛl personnel sigaret sɪɡaˈrɛt cigarette ymbarel embaˈrɛl umbrella Yoruba Edit e with a Mi High with a rising tone depicted by an acute accent The pronunciation of words in Yoruba language is tonal where a different pitch conveys a different word meaning or grammatical distinction This means that pronouncing words in Yoruba is based on what is called Ami ohun Tone Marks These marks are applied to the top of the vowel within each syllable of a word or phrase There are three types of tone marks namely Do Low with a falling tone depicted by a grave accent Re Mid with a flat tone depicted by an absence of any accent Mi High with a rising tone depicted by an acute accent Understanding the use of tone marks is key to properly reading writing and speaking the Yoruba language This is because some words have similar spellings but at the addition of tone marks these words could have very different meanings Character mappings EditCharacter information Preview E eUnicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH ACUTE LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTEEncodings decimal hex decimal hexUnicode 201 U 00C9 233 U 00E9UTF 8 195 137 C3 89 195 169 C3 A9Numeric character reference amp 201 wbr amp xC9 wbr amp 233 wbr amp xE9 wbr Named character reference amp Eacute amp eacute ISO 8859 1 2 3 4 9 10 13 14 15 16 201 C9 233 E9Mac OS Roman 131 83 142 8EKey strokes Edit Microsoft Windows users can type an e by pressing Alt 130 or Alt 0233 on the numeric pad of the keyboard E can be typed by pressing Alt 144 or Alt 0201 On US International and UK English keyboard layouts users can type the acute accent letter e by typing AltGR E This method can also be applied to many other acute accented letters which do not appear on the standard US English keyboard layout In Microsoft Word users can press Ctrl apostrophe then E or Shift E for e or E On macOS users can press Option E then E or Shift E for e or E Using a compose key users can hold Compose and press apostrophe E for e or Compose apostrophe Shift E for E On a standard Android Windows Mobile or iOS keyboard users can hold the E key until special characters appear slide to the e and then release See also EditAcute accentReferences Edit Hardjadibrata R R 1985 Sundanese A Syntactical Analysis Canberra Pacific Linguistics p 6 doi 10 15144 PL D65 hdl 1885 146623 External links EditOmniglot writing systems amp languages of the world Hungarian language Icelandic language Kashubian language Czech language Slovak language Uyghur language Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title E amp oldid 1050632710, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

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, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.