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Wikipedia

Édouard Herriot

Édouard Marie Herriot (French: ; 5 July 1872 – 26 March 1957) was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic who served three times as Prime Minister and for many years as President of the Chamber of Deputies. He was leader of the first Cartel des Gauches.

Édouard Herriot
Prime Minister of France
In office
3 June 1932 – 18 December 1932
PresidentAlbert Lebrun
Preceded byAndré Tardieu
Succeeded byJoseph Paul-Boncour
In office
20 July 1926 – 23 July 1926
PresidentGaston Doumergue
Preceded byAristide Briand
Succeeded byRaymond Poincaré
In office
15 June 1924 – 17 April 1925
PresidentGaston Doumergue
Preceded byFrédéric François-Marsal
Succeeded byPaul Painlevé
Mayor of Lyon
In office
1945–1957
Preceded byJustin Godart
Succeeded byLouis Pradel
Personal details
Born(1872-07-05)5 July 1872
Troyes, France
Died26 March 1957(1957-03-26) (aged 84)
Saint-Genis-Laval, France
Resting placeLoyasse Cemetery
Political partyRadical Party
Spouse(s)Blanche Rebatel
EducationLycée Louis-le-Grand
Alma materÉcole normale supérieure
Wikimedia Commons has media related toÉdouard Herriot.

Contents

Hérriot was born at Troyes, France on 5 July 1872. He served as Mayor of Lyon from 1905 until his death, except for a brief period from 1940 to 1945, when he was exiled to Germany for opposing the Vichy regime. As mayor, Herriot improved relations between municipal government and local unions, increased public assistance funds, and began an urban renewal programme, amongst other measures. He died in Lyon on 26 March 1957. He is buried at the Cimetière de Loyasse.

Changes

Denial of the Holodomor

The height of denial of the Holodomor was reached during a visit to Ukraine carried out between 26 August and 9 September 1933 by Herriot, who had recently left the French Prime Ministry. Herriot denied accounts of the famine and said that Soviet Ukraine was "like a garden in full bloom".

Furthermore, he announced to the press that there was no famine in Ukraine, that he did not see any trace of hunger, and that the allegations of starving millions were being spread by adversaries of the Soviet Union. "When one believes that the Ukraine is devastated by famine, allow me to shrug my shoulders", he declared. The 13 September 1933 issue of Pravda was able to write that Herriot "categorically contradicted the lies of the bourgeoisie press in connection with a famine in the USSR."

Governmental functions

Président of the Council of Ministers : 1924–1925 / 19–21 July 1926 / June–December 1932.

Minister of Transport, Public Works and Supply : 1916–1917.

Minister of Education and Fine Arts : 1926–1928.

Minister of Foreign Affairs : 1924–1925 / 19–21 July 1926 / June–December 1932.

Minister of State : 1934–1936.

Electoral mandates

National Assembly of France

President of the National Assembly of France : 1947–1954.

Member of the National Assembly of France for Rhône (department) : 1946–1957 (He died in 1957). Elected in 1946, reelected in 1951, 1956.

Constitutional Assembly

Member of the Constitutional Assembly for Rhône (department) : 1945–1946. Elected in 1945, reelected in June 1946.

Chamber of Deputies of France

President of the Chamber of Deputies of France : 1925–1926 / 1936–1940.

Member of the Chamber of Deputies of France for Rhône (department) : 1919–1942 (Dissolution of Parliament by Philippe Petain in 1942). Elected in 1919, reelected in 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936.

Senate of France

Senator of Rhône : 1912–1919. Elected in 1911.

General council

General councillor of Rhône (department) : 1945–1951.

Municipal Council

Mayor of Lyon : 1905–1940 (Deposition by Vichy regime in 1940) / 1945–1957 (He died in 1957). Reelected in 1908, 1912, 1919, 1925, 1929, 1935, 1945, 1947, 1953.

Municipal councillor of Lyon : 1904–1940 (Deposition by the Vichy regime in 1940) / 1945–1957 (He died in 1957). Reelected in 1908, 1912, 1919, 1925, 1929, 1935, 1945, 1947, 1953.

Political functions

President of the Radical Party (France) : 1919–1926 / 1931–1936 / 1948–1953 / 1955–1957.

Herriot was declared an honorary citizen of the city of Veliki Bečkerek (today Zrenjanin) in 1933. There is also a street with his name in Zrenjanin.

His visit to a church in Kiev, where a fake religious service was organized for the occasion, is described in "The Mechanical Lions", one of the stories in A Tomb for Boris Davidovich by Danilo Kiš.

  1. "Herriot Is Dead. French Leader, 84". The New York Times. March 27, 1957. Retrieved2015-01-07. Three-Time Premier, Radical Party Power, Was Scholar and Member of Academy. Hoped to Defeat E.D.C. Plan '54. Long Urged Nation Pay War Debts to U.S. Tributes From Leaders National Funeral Urged Widely Known in U.S. Became Premier in 1924. Abstained From Vote. Edouard Herriot, French statesman, party leader, scholar and author who had become a symbol of the premier Third Republic, died today at the age of 84. ...
  2. Stone, Judith F. (8 April 1985). The Search for Social Peace: Reform Legislation in France, 1890–1914. SUNY Press. ISBN 9780887060229. Retrieved8 April 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. Nicolas Werth, Karel Bartošek, Jean-Louis Panné, Jean-Louis Margolin, Andrzej Paczkowski, Stéphane Courtois, The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression, Harvard University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-674-07608-7, pages 159–160
  4. "France, Germany and Austria facing the famine of 1932–1933 in Ukraine"(PDF). holodomorct.org. Retrieved8 April 2018.
  • De Tarr, Francis. The French Radical Party: From Herriot to Mendès-France (Greenwood, 1980).
Political offices
Preceded by
Minister of Public Works and Transport
1916–1917
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister of Supply
1916–1917
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prime Minister of France
1924–1925
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1924–1925
Succeeded by
Preceded by
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1925–1926
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prime Minister of France
1926
Succeeded by
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1926
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister of Public Instruction
1926–1928
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prime Minister of France
1932
Succeeded by
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1932
Preceded by
Minister of State
1934–1936
Succeeded by
Preceded by
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1936–1940
Succeeded by
Preceded by
President of the National Assembly
1947–1954
Succeeded by
New office President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
1949
Succeeded by

Édouard Herriot
Edouard Herriot Language Watch Edit Edouard Marie Herriot French edwaʁ ɛʁjo 5 July 1872 26 March 1957 was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic who served three times as Prime Minister and for many years as President of the Chamber of Deputies 1 He was leader of the first Cartel des Gauches Edouard HerriotPrime Minister of FranceIn office 3 June 1932 18 December 1932PresidentAlbert LebrunPreceded byAndre TardieuSucceeded byJoseph Paul BoncourIn office 20 July 1926 23 July 1926PresidentGaston DoumerguePreceded byAristide BriandSucceeded byRaymond PoincareIn office 15 June 1924 17 April 1925PresidentGaston DoumerguePreceded byFrederic Francois MarsalSucceeded byPaul PainleveMayor of LyonIn office 1945 1957Preceded byJustin GodartSucceeded byLouis PradelPersonal detailsBorn 1872 07 05 5 July 1872 Troyes FranceDied26 March 1957 1957 03 26 aged 84 Saint Genis Laval FranceResting placeLoyasse CemeteryPolitical partyRadical PartySpouse s Blanche RebatelEducationLycee Louis le GrandAlma materEcole normale superieureWikimedia Commons has media related to Edouard Herriot Contents 1 Life 2 Herriot s First Ministry 14 June 1924 17 April 1925 3 Herriot s Second Ministry 19 23 July 1926 4 Herriot s Third Ministry 3 June 18 December 1932 4 1 Denial of the Holodomor 5 Political career 6 Legacy 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External linksLife EditHerriot was born at Troyes France on 5 July 1872 He served as Mayor of Lyon from 1905 until his death except for a brief period from 1940 to 1945 when he was exiled to Germany for opposing the Vichy regime As mayor Herriot improved relations between municipal government and local unions increased public assistance funds and began an urban renewal programme 2 amongst other measures He died in Lyon on 26 March 1957 1 He is buried at the Cimetiere de Loyasse Herriot s First Ministry 14 June 1924 17 April 1925 EditEdouard Herriot President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs Charles Nollet Minister of War Camille Chautemps Minister of the Interior Etienne Clementel Minister of Finance Justin Godart Minister of Labour Hygiene Welfare Work and Social Security Provisions Rene Renoult Minister of Justice Jacques Louis Dumesnil Minister of Marine Francois Albert Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts Edouard Amedee Bovier Lapierre Minister of Pensions Henri Queuille Minister of Agriculture Edouard Daladier Minister of Colonies Victor Peytral Minister of Public Works Eugene Raynaldy Minister of Commerce and Industry Victor Dalbiez Minister of Liberated Regions Changes 3 April 1925 Anatole de Monzie succeeds Clementel as Minister of Finance Herriot s Second Ministry 19 23 July 1926 EditEdouard Herriot President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Painleve Minister of War Camille Chautemps Minister of the Interior Anatole de Monzie Minister of Finance Louis Pasquet Minister of Labour Hygiene Welfare Work and Social Security Provisions Maurice Colrat Minister of Justice Rene Renoult Minister of Marine Edouard Daladier Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts Georges Bonnet Minister of Pensions Henri Queuille Minister of Agriculture Adrien Dariac Minister of Colonies Orly Andre Hesse Minister of Public Works Louis Loucheur Minister of Commerce and IndustryHerriot s Third Ministry 3 June 18 December 1932 EditEdouard Herriot President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Paul Boncour Minister of War Camille Chautemps Minister of the Interior Louis Germain Martin Minister of Finance Maurice Palmade Minister of Budget Albert Dalimier Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions Rene Renoult Minister of Justice Georges Leygues Minister of Marine Leon Meyer Minister of Merchant Marine Paul Painleve Minister of Air Anatole de Monzie Minister of National Education Aime Berthod Minister of Pensions Abel Gardey Minister of Agriculture Albert Sarraut Minister of Colonies Edouard Daladier Minister of Public Works Justin Godart Minister of Public Health Henri Queuille Minister of Posts Telegraphs and Telephones Julien Durand Minister of Commerce and IndustryDenial of the Holodomor Edit The height of denial of the Holodomor was reached during a visit to Ukraine carried out between 26 August and 9 September 1933 by Herriot who had recently left the French Prime Ministry Herriot denied accounts of the famine and said that Soviet Ukraine was like a garden in full bloom 3 Furthermore he announced to the press that there was no famine in Ukraine that he did not see any trace of hunger and that the allegations of starving millions were being spread by adversaries of the Soviet Union When one believes that the Ukraine is devastated by famine allow me to shrug my shoulders he declared The 13 September 1933 issue of Pravda was able to write that Herriot categorically contradicted the lies of the bourgeoisie press in connection with a famine in the USSR 4 Political career EditGovernmental functions President of the Council of Ministers 1924 1925 19 21 July 1926 June December 1932 Minister of Transport Public Works and Supply 1916 1917 Minister of Education and Fine Arts 1926 1928 Minister of Foreign Affairs 1924 1925 19 21 July 1926 June December 1932 Minister of State 1934 1936 Electoral mandates National Assembly of France President of the National Assembly of France 1947 1954 Member of the National Assembly of France for Rhone department 1946 1957 He died in 1957 Elected in 1946 reelected in 1951 1956 Constitutional Assembly Member of the Constitutional Assembly for Rhone department 1945 1946 Elected in 1945 reelected in June 1946 Chamber of Deputies of France President of the Chamber of Deputies of France 1925 1926 1936 1940 Member of the Chamber of Deputies of France for Rhone department 1919 1942 Dissolution of Parliament by Philippe Petain in 1942 Elected in 1919 reelected in 1924 1928 1932 1936 Senate of France Senator of Rhone 1912 1919 Elected in 1911 General council General councillor of Rhone department 1945 1951 Municipal Council Mayor of Lyon 1905 1940 Deposition by Vichy regime in 1940 1945 1957 He died in 1957 Reelected in 1908 1912 1919 1925 1929 1935 1945 1947 1953 Municipal councillor of Lyon 1904 1940 Deposition by the Vichy regime in 1940 1945 1957 He died in 1957 Reelected in 1908 1912 1919 1925 1929 1935 1945 1947 1953 Political functions President of the Radical Party France 1919 1926 1931 1936 1948 1953 1955 1957 Legacy EditHerriot was declared an honorary citizen of the city of Veliki Beckerek today Zrenjanin in 1933 There is also a street with his name in Zrenjanin His visit to a church in Kiev where a fake religious service was organized for the occasion is described in The Mechanical Lions one of the stories in A Tomb for Boris Davidovich by Danilo Kis See also EditFoire de Lyon Interwar FranceReferences Edit a b Herriot Is Dead French Leader 84 The New York Times March 27 1957 Retrieved 2015 01 07 Three Time Premier Radical Party Power Was Scholar and Member of Academy Hoped to Defeat E D C Plan 54 Long Urged Nation Pay War Debts to U S Tributes From Leaders National Funeral Urged Widely Known in U S Became Premier in 1924 Abstained From Vote Edouard Herriot French statesman party leader scholar and author who had become a symbol of the premier Third Republic died today at the age of 84 Stone Judith F 8 April 1985 The Search for Social Peace Reform Legislation in France 1890 1914 SUNY Press ISBN 9780887060229 Retrieved 8 April 2018 via Google Books Nicolas Werth Karel Bartosek Jean Louis Panne Jean Louis Margolin Andrzej Paczkowski Stephane Courtois The Black Book of Communism Crimes Terror Repression Harvard University Press 1999 ISBN 0 674 07608 7 pages 159 160 France Germany and Austria facing the famine of 1932 1933 in Ukraine PDF holodomorct org Retrieved 8 April 2018 Further reading EditDe Tarr Francis The French Radical Party From Herriot to Mendes France Greenwood 1980 External links EditNewspaper clippings about Edouard Herriot in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBWPolitical officesPreceded by Marcel Sembat Minister of Public Works and Transport 1916 1917 Succeeded by Georges DesplasPreceded by Minister of Supply 1916 1917 Succeeded by Maurice ViollettePreceded by Frederic Francois Marsal Prime Minister of France 1924 1925 Succeeded by Paul PainlevePreceded by Edmond Lefebvre du Prey Minister of Foreign Affairs 1924 1925 Succeeded by Aristide BriandPreceded by Paul Painleve President of the Chamber of Deputies 1925 1926 Succeeded by Raoul PeretPreceded by Aristide Briand Prime Minister of France 1926 Succeeded by Raymond PoincareMinister of Foreign Affairs 1926 Succeeded by Aristide BriandPreceded by Edouard Daladier Minister of Public Instruction 1926 1928 Succeeded by Pierre MarraudPreceded by Andre Tardieu Prime Minister of France 1932 Succeeded by Joseph Paul BoncourMinister of Foreign Affairs 1932Preceded by Minister of State 1934 1936 Succeeded by Preceded by Fernand Bouisson President of the Chamber of Deputies 1936 1940 Succeeded by Preceded by Vincent Auriol President of the National Assembly 1947 1954 Succeeded by Andre Le TroquerNew office President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe 1949 Succeeded by Paul Henri Spaak Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Edouard Herriot amp oldid 1051744239, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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