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Édouard René de Laboulaye

"Laboulaye" redirects here. For the Argentine city, see Laboulaye, Córdoba.

Édouard René Lefèbvre de Laboulaye (French pronunciation: ​; 18 January 1811 – 25 May 1883) was a French jurist, poet, author and anti-slavery activist. In 1865, he originated the idea of a monument presented by the French people to the United States that resulted in the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor. He got the idea thinking that this would help strengthen their relationship with the United States.

Édouard René de Laboulaye
Administrator of the Collège de France
In office
1876 – 25 May 1883
Senator for life
In office
1875 – 25 May 1883
Personal details
Born(1811-01-18)18 January 1811
Paris, France
Died25 May 1883(1883-05-25) (aged 72)
Paris, France
Spouse(s)
  • Augusta Virginia Paradise
    (m. 1832⁠–⁠1841)​
  • Alexandrine Louise Valerie Michelin-Tronsson du Coudray
ChildrenPaulin de Laboulaye

Laboulaye was received at the bar in 1842, and was chosen professor of comparative law at the Collège de France in 1849. Following the Paris Commune of 1870, he was elected to the national assembly, representing the departement of the Seine. As secretary of the committee of thirty on the constitution he was effective in combatting the Monarchists in establishing the Third Republic. In 1875, he was elected a life senator, and in 1876 he was appointed administrator of the Collège de France, resuming his lectures on comparative legislation in 1877. Laboulaye was also chairman of the French Anti-Slavery Society. Laboulaye was president of the Société d'économie politique.

Always a careful observer of the politics of the United States, and an admirer of its constitution, he wrote a three-volume work on the political history of the United States, and published it in Paris during the height of the politically repressed Second Empire. During the American Civil War, he was a zealous advocate of the Union cause and the abolition of slavery, publishing histories of the cultural connections of the two nations. At the war's conclusion in 1865, he became president of the French Emancipation Committee that aided newly freed slaves in the U.S. The same year he had the idea of presenting a statue representing liberty as a gift to the United States, a symbol for ideas suppressed by Napoleon III. The sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, one of Laboulaye's friends, turned the idea into reality.

Laboulaye wrote poetry in his spare time. One of his poems, "L'Oiseau bleu" was set by Victor Massé. Laboulaye also translated into French the autobiography of Benjamin Franklin and the works of Unitarian theologian William Ellery Channing.

Laboulaye published many books. Those relating to the United States include:

  • Political History of the United States (3 vols., 1855–1866)
  • The United States and France (1862)
  • Paris en Amerique (1863) translated into English by Mary Louise Booth
  • The Poodle-Prince (Le Prince Caniche) (1868) translated into English by Mary Robinson in 1895 (ISBN 978-2-37037-002-0)
  1. Khan, Yasmin Sabina (2010) Enlightening the world: the creation of the Statue of Liberty p.40. Cornell University Press, 2010
  2. Mayeur, Jean Marie; Corbin, Alain; Schweitz, Arlette (1995), Les immortels du Sénat, 1875-1918: les cent seize inamovibles de la Troisième République, Publications de la Sorbonne, pp. 366–, ISBN 978-2-85944-273-6, retrieved18 August 2017
  3. Foner, Eric (1998). The Story of American Freedom. New York City: W.W. Norton & Company. p. 115. ISBN 0-393-31962-8.
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Édouard René de Laboulaye
Edouard Rene de Laboulaye Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Edouard Rene Lefevre de Laboulaye Laboulaye redirects here For the Argentine city see Laboulaye Cordoba Edouard Rene Lefebvre de Laboulaye French pronunciation edwaʁ ʁene lefɛvʁ de labulɛ 18 January 1811 25 May 1883 was a French jurist poet author and anti slavery activist In 1865 he originated the idea of a monument presented by the French people to the United States that resulted in the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor He got the idea thinking that this would help strengthen their relationship with the United States Edouard Rene de LaboulayeAdministrator of the College de FranceIn office 1876 25 May 1883Senator for lifeIn office 1875 25 May 1883Personal detailsBorn 1811 01 18 18 January 1811 Paris FranceDied25 May 1883 1883 05 25 aged 72 Paris FranceSpouse s Augusta Virginia Paradise m 1832 1841 wbr Alexandrine Louise Valerie Michelin Tronsson du CoudrayChildrenPaulin de Laboulaye Laboulaye was received at the bar in 1842 and was chosen professor of comparative law at the College de France in 1849 Following the Paris Commune of 1870 he was elected to the national assembly representing the departement of the Seine As secretary of the committee of thirty on the constitution he was effective in combatting the Monarchists in establishing the Third Republic In 1875 he was elected a life senator and in 1876 he was appointed administrator of the College de France resuming his lectures on comparative legislation in 1877 Laboulaye was also chairman of the French Anti Slavery Society 1 Laboulaye was president of the Societe d economie politique 2 Always a careful observer of the politics of the United States and an admirer of its constitution he wrote a three volume work on the political history of the United States and published it in Paris during the height of the politically repressed Second Empire During the American Civil War he was a zealous advocate of the Union cause and the abolition of slavery publishing histories of the cultural connections of the two nations At the war s conclusion in 1865 he became president of the French Emancipation Committee that aided newly freed slaves in the U S 1 The same year he had the idea of presenting a statue representing liberty as a gift to the United States a symbol for ideas suppressed by Napoleon III 3 The sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi one of Laboulaye s friends turned the idea into reality Writing EditLaboulaye wrote poetry in his spare time One of his poems L Oiseau bleu was set by Victor Masse Laboulaye also translated into French the autobiography of Benjamin Franklin and the works of Unitarian theologian William Ellery Channing Laboulaye published many books Those relating to the United States include Political History of the United States 3 vols 1855 1866 The United States and France 1862 Paris en Amerique 1863 translated into English by Mary Louise Booth The Poodle Prince Le Prince Caniche 1868 translated into English by Mary Robinson in 1895 ISBN 978 2 37037 002 0 Popular culture EditLaboulaye was an important historical figure in the 2007 film National Treasure Book of Secrets See also EditLaboulaye Cordoba a city in Argentina named in his honour References Edit a b Khan Yasmin Sabina 2010 Enlightening the world the creation of the Statue of Liberty p 40 Cornell University Press 2010 Mayeur Jean Marie Corbin Alain Schweitz Arlette 1995 Les immortels du Senat 1875 1918 les cent seize inamovibles de la Troisieme Republique Publications de la Sorbonne pp 366 ISBN 978 2 85944 273 6 retrieved 18 August 2017 Foner Eric 1998 The Story of American Freedom New York City W W Norton amp Company p 115 ISBN 0 393 31962 8 References and further reading EditJohn Bigelow 1889 Some Recollections of the Late Edouard Laboulaye New York G P Putnam s Sons Yasmin Sabina Khan 2010 Enlightening the World The Creation of the Statue of Liberty Cornell University Press p 40 ISBN 978 0 8014 4851 5 Frederic Passy 1884 Edouard Laboulaye conference faite a la Societe du travail in French Paris Guillaumin Walter Dennis Gray 1994 Interpreting American Democracy in France The Career of Edouard Laboulaye 1811 1883 Newark University of Delaware Press ISBN 0 87413 461 7 James Grant Wilson John Fiske eds 1888 Laboulaye Edouard Rene de Appletons Cyclopaedia of American Biography 3 D Appleton amp Co pp 581 582 Oscar Fay Adams 1889 Edouard Rene de Laboulaye Dear Old Story teller Boston D Lothrop Company p 125 short biography of life and works James Guida 6 April 2019 The Sly Modernity of Edouard Laboulaye s Fairy Tales New York Review of Books Retrieved 6 April 2019 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Edouard Laboulaye Lyric by Laboulaye Works by Edouard Laboulaye at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Edouard Rene de Laboulaye at Internet Archive Works by Edouard Rene de Laboulaye at LibriVox public domain audiobooks The Statue of Liberty Laboulaye brought to NYC Retrieved from https en 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