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Éire Nua

Éire Nua, or "New Ireland", was a proposal supported by the Provisional IRA and Sinn Féin during the 1970s and early 1980s for a federal United Ireland. The proposal was particularly associated with the Dublin-based leadership group centred on Ruairí Ó Brádaigh and Dáithí Ó Conaill, who were the authors of the policy.

Éire Nua envisaged an all-Ireland republic that would be created when the British withdrew from Northern Ireland. It also involved the dissolution of the existing Republic of Ireland, which many republicans considered an illegitimate entity imposed by the British in 1922. Under Éire Nua, Ireland would become a federal state with parliaments for each of its four historic provinces, as well as a central parliament based in Athlone.

The purpose of the federal structure was twofold. Firstly, it was intended to show unionists in Northern Ireland that they would have some kind of self-government in a united Ireland. This would be achieved by the provision of a parliament, Dáil Uladh, for Ulster. However, by including all of historic Ulster—nine counties instead of the six in Northern Ireland—it was intended that the unionist majority would be slim enough to prevent abuses against the Catholic/nationalist population in the province.

Secondly, the federal parliaments were intended to redress the perceived economic imbalance between the eastern and western parts of Ireland, and was hoped to enable prosperity in the poorer west of the country.

Many members of Sinn Féin, particularly in Northern Ireland, objected to Éire Nua on the grounds that it would perpetuate the dominance of Protestant unionists in the north of the country. Despite this, Éire Nua committees were established at least in Ulster and Connacht, largely due to the efforts of Desmond Fennell and Emmett O'Connell. Nevertheless, the scheme was dismissed as unworkable by some influential Republicans. When Northern Republicans grouped around Gerry Adams gained control of the IRA and Sinn Féin in the late 1970s, they attacked the policy. In 1982, the Sinn Féin Ard Fheis voted to drop the policy, and the following year all reference to it in the Sinn Féin Constitution and rules was removed, and it was removed as the policy of the Republican movement in favour of the creation of a unitary Irish Republic.

Ó Brádaigh and his supporters walked out of the 1986 Ard Fheis after a motion was passed that ended the Republican policy of abstentionism to the Oireachtas and reconvened the Ard Fheis at the West County Hotel in the village of Chapelizod just west of Dublin. Henceforth referring to itself as Republican Sinn Féin to distinguish itself from former associates, the party still advocates the Éire Nua agenda.

United Kingdom

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(May 2021)

United States

The reaction of the US administration to Éire Nua was mixed. Due in large part to Irish-American pressure at home, a synopsis of Éire Nua was entered into the Congressional Record as a solution that "merits consideration" to the crisis in Ireland. Officials in Ireland were less optimistic, placing more hope in the Sunningdale Agreement. Ambassador John Moore did note, however: "In long term, some sort of federated Ireland seems a real possibility, but path to it seems more likely to be the pragmatic Sunningdale route than the dramatic one advocated by Boal and the Provos."

  1. See White, Robert William and Ed Moloney, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh: the life and politics of an Irish Revolutionary (2006), especially Chapter 11 "The Politics of Revolution."
  2. Fagan Jack, "Sinn Fein (Kevin Street) Plan for New Ireland", Irish Times, June 29, 1972 (pp. 1, 7).
  3. Jackson, Alvin. Home Rule : An Irish History, 1800–2000. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2003 (pp. 306–7) .
  4. Fennell, Desmond. A New Nationalism for the New Ireland. Comhairle Uladh, 1973 (p. 2) .
  5. Tonge, Jonathan. Northern Ireland. Polity, 2006 (p. 105).
  6. Extension of Remarks. Congressional Record of the 93rd Congress: First Session Volume 119, Number 103; Friday June 29, 1973.
  7. Moore, John (1974-02-05). "Catholic and Protestant Extremists Discuss Similar Solutions". WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable: 1974DUBLIN00184_b. Archived from the original on 2014-05-27. Retrieved2014-05-25.Cite journal requires |journal= ()

Éire Nua
Eire Nua Article Talk Language Watch Edit Eire Nua or New Ireland was a proposal supported by the Provisional IRA and Sinn Fein during the 1970s and early 1980s for a federal United Ireland The proposal was particularly associated with the Dublin based leadership group centred on Ruairi o Bradaigh and Daithi o Conaill who were the authors of the policy 1 LeinsterConnachtUlsterMunsterProvinces of Ireland Eire Nua is still supported by the Continuity IRA Republican Sinn Fein Na Fianna Eireann and Cumann na mBan Contents 1 Ideology 2 Irish reactions and decline in popularity 3 Foreign reactions 3 1 United Kingdom 3 2 United States 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksIdeology EditEire Nua envisaged an all Ireland republic that would be created when the British withdrew from Northern Ireland It also involved the dissolution of the existing Republic of Ireland which many republicans considered an illegitimate entity imposed by the British in 1922 Under Eire Nua Ireland would become a federal state with parliaments for each of its four historic provinces as well as a central parliament based in Athlone 2 The purpose of the federal structure was twofold Firstly it was intended to show unionists in Northern Ireland that they would have some kind of self government in a united Ireland This would be achieved by the provision of a parliament Dail Uladh for Ulster However by including all of historic Ulster nine counties instead of the six in Northern Ireland it was intended that the unionist majority would be slim enough to prevent abuses against the Catholic nationalist population in the province 3 Secondly the federal parliaments were intended to redress the perceived economic imbalance between the eastern and western parts of Ireland and was hoped to enable prosperity in the poorer west of the country Irish reactions and decline in popularity EditMany members of Sinn Fein particularly in Northern Ireland objected to Eire Nua on the grounds that it would perpetuate the dominance of Protestant unionists in the north of the country Despite this Eire Nua committees were established at least in Ulster and Connacht largely due to the efforts of Desmond Fennell and Emmett O Connell 4 Nevertheless the scheme was dismissed as unworkable by some influential Republicans When Northern Republicans grouped around Gerry Adams gained control of the IRA and Sinn Fein in the late 1970s they attacked the policy In 1982 the Sinn Fein Ard Fheis voted to drop the policy and the following year all reference to it in the Sinn Fein Constitution and rules was removed and it was removed as the policy of the Republican movement in favour of the creation of a unitary Irish Republic 5 o Bradaigh and his supporters walked out of the 1986 Ard Fheis after a motion was passed that ended the Republican policy of abstentionism to the Oireachtas and reconvened the Ard Fheis at the West County Hotel in the village of Chapelizod just west of Dublin Henceforth referring to itself as Republican Sinn Fein to distinguish itself from former associates the party still advocates the Eire Nua agenda Foreign reactions EditUnited Kingdom Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it May 2021 United States Edit The reaction of the US administration to Eire Nua was mixed Due in large part to Irish American pressure at home a synopsis of Eire Nua was entered into the Congressional Record as a solution that merits consideration to the crisis in Ireland 6 Officials in Ireland were less optimistic placing more hope in the Sunningdale Agreement Ambassador John Moore did note however In long term some sort of federated Ireland seems a real possibility but path to it seems more likely to be the pragmatic Sunningdale route than the dramatic one advocated by Boal and the Provos 7 See also EditHome Rule All RoundReferences Edit See White Robert William and Ed Moloney Ruairi o Bradaigh the life and politics of an Irish Revolutionary 2006 especially Chapter 11 The Politics of Revolution Fagan Jack Sinn Fein Kevin Street Plan for New Ireland Irish Times June 29 1972 pp 1 7 Jackson Alvin Home Rule An Irish History 1800 2000 Weidenfeld amp Nicolson 2003 pp 306 7 Fennell Desmond A New Nationalism for the New Ireland Comhairle Uladh 1973 p 2 Tonge Jonathan Northern Ireland Polity 2006 p 105 Extension of Remarks Congressional Record of the 93rd Congress First Session Volume 119 Number 103 Friday June 29 1973 Moore John 1974 02 05 Catholic and Protestant Extremists Discuss Similar Solutions WikiLeaks WikiLeaks cable 1974DUBLIN00184 b Archived from the original on 2014 05 27 Retrieved 2014 05 25 Cite journal requires journal help External links EditThe Irish Left Archive Provisional Sinn Fein Eire Nua Document January 1971 Cedar Lounge Revolution review of the document with PDF 1979 Version of Eire Nua 2011 Version of Eire Nua Cumann na Saoirse Naisiunta Eire Nua Committee Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Eire Nua amp oldid 1046590508, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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