fbpx
Wikipedia

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: "Östergötland"news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR
(October 2020) ()

Östergötland (Swedish pronunciation: (); English exonym: East Gothland) is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish) in the south of Sweden. It borders Småland, Västergötland, Närke, Södermanland and the Baltic Sea. In older English literature, the Latinized version Ostrogothia is also used. The corresponding administrative county, Östergötland County, covers the entire province and parts of neighbouring provinces.

Östergötland
Coat of arms
Coordinates:58°24′57″N15°37′31″E /58.41583°N 15.62528°E /58.41583; 15.62528Coordinates: 58°24′57″N15°37′31″E /58.41583°N 15.62528°E /58.41583; 15.62528
CountrySweden
LandGötaland
CountiesÖstergötland County
Örebro County
Area
• Total9,979 km2 (3,853 sq mi)
Population
(2016-12-31)
• Total450,123
• Density45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Ethnicity
• LanguageSwedish
• DialectÖstgötska
Götamål
Culture
• FlowerCornflower
• Animal
• BirdMute swan
• FishPike
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Contents

From 1560, Östergötland was represented with two separate coats-of-arms seals until 1884, when the current one was granted. The coat of arms is represented with a ducal coronet. Blazon: "gules a griffin with dragon wings, tail and tongue rampant or armed, beaked, langued and membered azure between four roses argent."

Typical Östgöta plains

From west to east, in the middle parts, extends the Östgöta Plain (Östgötaslätten). It is largely agricultural. In the southern part of the province, the terrain becomes marked by the south Swedish highlands, with hills and countless lakes. The northern parts are also hilly, and are otherwise dominated by forests.

Outside the eastern shore of Östergötland lies the Östergötland archipelago, the islands and islets of which cover an area of 118 km2 (46 sq mi). The Bråviken bay continues further into the country. Some of the more notable islands are Korsö, Gränsö, Arkö, Djursö, Yxnö, Finnö, Emtö, Fångö and Stora Ålö.

Traditionally, the region is divided into two halves, east and west of the river Stångån (Östanstång and Västanstång respectively), which flows from the south into Lake Roxen at Linköping.

The eastern part of Göta Canal traverses the province from the Baltic Sea at Mem to Lake Vättern at Motala.

  • Highest mountain: Stenabohöjden, 327 meters (1,073 ft)
  • Largest lake: Vättern (second-largest lake of Sweden)

Towns

The Palace in Finspång

Cities and the year of their now defunct royal charter.

Today, the largest city in the province is Linköping, with Norrköping second. Skänninge is one of the oldest areas but small; Vadstena is also small. Additional towns without a royal charter that have emerged in the 20th century are Finspång and Åtvidaberg.

The church tower at Bjälbo

The earliest mention of Östergötland (the Ostrogoths of Scandza) appears in the Getica by the Goth scholar Jordanes.

The traditions of Östergötland date back into the Viking Age, the undocumented Iron Age, and earlier, when this region had its own laws and kings (see Geatish kings and Wulfings). It is said that the famous Viking warrior Beowulf may likely have been from what is now the Östergötland region. The region kept its own laws, the Östgötalagen, into the Middle Ages. Östergötland belonged to the Christian heartland of the late Iron Age and early medieval Sweden. The Sverker and Bjälbo dynasties played pivotal roles in the consolidation of Sweden.

The province has about 50,000 ancient remains of different kinds. Some 1,749 are, for instance, grave fields.

Industry was formerly most significant in the cities of Norrköping (industries include Ericsson), Linköping (where SAAB has aircraft factories where the Gripen fighter is produced), Finspång (metal works), and Motala (mechanical industries).

Since the 13th century, Swedish princes and princesses in some dynasties have been created dukes and duchesses of various provinces. Since 1772, these are only honorary titles. There have been several Dukes and Duchesses of Östergötland. The current duchess is Princess Estelle since her birth in 2012. Local lore from Lake Sommen in southern Östergötland tells that a cow-beast called Urkon or Sommakoa will kill any crowned king that visits the district of Ydre. It was said that the Urkon killed legendary king Frode. As Frode was passing through Ydre, Urkon escaped its lake-cave and attacked him. Frode fled Ydre and thought he was safe but the beast caught and slew him.

Local accents

Formerly the östgöta or dialect spectrum were considered true göta dialects, but is nowadays considered being a transition area between true göta dialects and svea dialects. The dialects are still used in rural areas, but in the cities, the Standard Swedish is spoken with a certain Östgöta accent.

The accent Östgötska can be distinguished from Standard Swedish just by accent and pronunciation of vowels and sje- and the- sounds, which makes Östgöta accent an eastern variety of the Götaland accent. In some parts bordering to Södermanland, a variety of the Svealand accent is spoken.

Sights

The Provincial Museum in Linköping

In Östergötland several older churches are still standing and many castles and palaces are open to the public. Ekenäs Castle, one of the best preserved renaissance castles in Sweden, has belonged to the families Sture and Banér. Löfstad Castle has its origin in the early 17th century, having belonged to the von Fersen family. Vadstena Castle, built by the Royal Vasa dynasty 1545–1620, is a combined fortress and renaissance castle.

Vreta Abbey was the first convent to be established in Sweden, dating from the early 12th century, while Vadstena Abbey was the dominant convent in Medieval Sweden. Notable is also the ruins of the Alvastra Abbey near mountain Omberg and Lake Tåkern.

The cathedral in Linköping is the second largest church in Sweden and is very well preserved from the Middle Age.

The Göta Canal crosses the province East-West with several locks and the Kinda Canal connects the lakes in the southern parts of the province with the central plains.

Övralid Manor was the last home of Nobel Prize laureate Verner von Heidenstam 1925–40.

There are several museums in all parts of the province, for example the Swedish Broadcasting Museum, the open-air museum Old Linköping, Swedish Air Force Museum, Sancta Birgitta Convent Museum, Museum of Work and the Motala Motor Museum.

The Rök runestone is one of the most famous runestones, featuring the longest known runic inscription in stone. It can now be seen by the church in Rök (between Mjölby and Ödeshög, close to the E4 and Lake Vättern). It is considered the first piece of written Swedish and thus marks the beginning of the history of Swedish literature.

The Hundreds of Sweden were jurisdictional divisions in effect until the early 20th century.

Football in the province is administered by Östergötlands Fotbollförbund (ÖFF).

  1. "Folkmängd i landskapen den 31 december 2016" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 2017-03-21. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved2017-11-25.
  2. Eric Linklater in The Life of Charles XII pp. 53-54 & throughout
  3. Hallberg, Göran. "Östergötland/Ortnamn". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2019-12-09. Retrieved2017-11-19.
  4. Carlson, Clara (2012-02-24). "Estelle - hertiginna av Östergötland". Norrköpings Tidningar (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2019-04-26. Retrieved2019-04-26.
  5. "HRH Princess Estelle". Royal Court of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2019-04-02. Retrieved2019-04-26.
  6. [httpsleft://www.ydre.se/kulturfritid/sagorochsagneriydre/urkon.4.b37cf2d1210ab226ee8000119267.html "Urkon"]. ydre.se (in Swedish). Ydre kommun. Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. RetrievedApril 20, 2019.
  • Nordisk Familjebok, see below
Wikimedia Commons has media related toÖstergötland.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Östergötland.

Ostergotland Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Ostergotland news newspapers books scholar JSTOR October 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Ostergotland Swedish pronunciation ˈœ sːtɛrˌjoːtland listen English exonym East Gothland 2 is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden landskap in Swedish in the south of Sweden It borders Smaland Vastergotland Narke Sodermanland and the Baltic Sea In older English literature the Latinized version Ostrogothia is also used The corresponding administrative county Ostergotland County covers the entire province and parts of neighbouring provinces OstergotlandCoat of armsCoordinates 58 24 57 N 15 37 31 E 58 41583 N 15 62528 E 58 41583 15 62528 Coordinates 58 24 57 N 15 37 31 E 58 41583 N 15 62528 E 58 41583 15 62528CountrySwedenLandGotalandCountiesOstergotland County Orebro CountyArea Total9 979 km2 3 853 sq mi Population 2016 12 31 1 Total450 123 Density45 km2 120 sq mi Ethnicity LanguageSwedish DialectOstgotska GotamalCulture FlowerCornflower Animal BirdMute swan FishPikeTime zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Contents 1 Heraldry 2 Geography 2 1 Towns 3 History 4 Culture 4 1 Local accents 4 2 Sights 5 Hundreds 6 Sports 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHeraldry EditFrom 1560 Ostergotland was represented with two separate coats of arms seals until 1884 when the current one was granted The coat of arms is represented with a ducal coronet Blazon gules a griffin with dragon wings tail and tongue rampant or armed beaked langued and membered azure between four roses argent Geography Edit Typical Ostgota plains From west to east in the middle parts extends the Ostgota Plain Ostgotaslatten It is largely agricultural In the southern part of the province the terrain becomes marked by the south Swedish highlands with hills and countless lakes The northern parts are also hilly and are otherwise dominated by forests Outside the eastern shore of Ostergotland lies the Ostergotland archipelago the islands and islets of which cover an area of 118 km2 46 sq mi The Braviken bay continues further into the country Some of the more notable islands are Korso Granso Arko Djurso Yxno Finno Emto Fango and Stora Alo Traditionally the region is divided into two halves east and west of the river Stangan Ostanstang and Vastanstang respectively 3 which flows from the south into Lake Roxen at Linkoping The eastern part of Gota Canal traverses the province from the Baltic Sea at Mem to Lake Vattern at Motala Highest mountain Stenabohojden 327 meters 1 073 ft Largest lake Vattern second largest lake of Sweden Towns Edit The Palace in Finspang Cities and the year of their now defunct royal charter Linkoping 1287 Mjolby 1922 Motala 1881 Norrkoping 1384 Skanninge approximately 1200 Soderkoping approximately 1200 Vadstena approximately 1400 Today the largest city in the province is Linkoping with Norrkoping second Skanninge is one of the oldest areas but small Vadstena is also small Additional towns without a royal charter that have emerged in the 20th century are Finspang and Atvidaberg History Edit The church tower at Bjalbo The earliest mention of Ostergotland the Ostrogoths of Scandza appears in the Getica by the Goth scholar Jordanes The traditions of Ostergotland date back into the Viking Age the undocumented Iron Age and earlier when this region had its own laws and kings see Geatish kings and Wulfings It is said that the famous Viking warrior Beowulf may likely have been from what is now the Ostergotland region The region kept its own laws the Ostgotalagen into the Middle Ages Ostergotland belonged to the Christian heartland of the late Iron Age and early medieval Sweden The Sverker and Bjalbo dynasties played pivotal roles in the consolidation of Sweden The province has about 50 000 ancient remains of different kinds Some 1 749 are for instance grave fields Industry was formerly most significant in the cities of Norrkoping industries include Ericsson Linkoping where SAAB has aircraft factories where the Gripen fighter is produced Finspang metal works and Motala mechanical industries Since the 13th century Swedish princes and princesses in some dynasties have been created dukes and duchesses of various provinces Since 1772 these are only honorary titles There have been several Dukes and Duchesses of Ostergotland The current duchess is Princess Estelle since her birth in 2012 4 5 Local lore from Lake Sommen in southern Ostergotland tells that a cow beast called Urkon or Sommakoa will kill any crowned king that visits the district of Ydre 6 It was said that the Urkon killed legendary king Frode As Frode was passing through Ydre Urkon escaped its lake cave and attacked him Frode fled Ydre and thought he was safe but the beast caught and slew him 6 Culture EditLocal accents Edit Formerly the ostgota or dialect spectrum were considered true gota dialects but is nowadays considered being a transition area between true gota dialects and svea dialects The dialects are still used in rural areas but in the cities the Standard Swedish is spoken with a certain Ostgota accent The accent Ostgotska can be distinguished from Standard Swedish just by accent and pronunciation of vowels and sje and the sounds which makes Ostgota accent an eastern variety of the Gotaland accent In some parts bordering to Sodermanland a variety of the Svealand accent is spoken Sights Edit The Provincial Museum in Linkoping In Ostergotland several older churches are still standing and many castles and palaces are open to the public Ekenas Castle one of the best preserved renaissance castles in Sweden has belonged to the families Sture and Baner Lofstad Castle has its origin in the early 17th century having belonged to the von Fersen family Vadstena Castle built by the Royal Vasa dynasty 1545 1620 is a combined fortress and renaissance castle Vreta Abbey was the first convent to be established in Sweden dating from the early 12th century while Vadstena Abbey was the dominant convent in Medieval Sweden Notable is also the ruins of the Alvastra Abbey near mountain Omberg and Lake Takern The cathedral in Linkoping is the second largest church in Sweden and is very well preserved from the Middle Age The Gota Canal crosses the province East West with several locks and the Kinda Canal connects the lakes in the southern parts of the province with the central plains Ovralid Manor was the last home of Nobel Prize laureate Verner von Heidenstam 1925 40 There are several museums in all parts of the province for example the Swedish Broadcasting Museum the open air museum Old Linkoping Swedish Air Force Museum Sancta Birgitta Convent Museum Museum of Work and the Motala Motor Museum The Rok runestone is one of the most famous runestones featuring the longest known runic inscription in stone It can now be seen by the church in Rok between Mjolby and Odeshog close to the E4 and Lake Vattern It is considered the first piece of written Swedish and thus marks the beginning of the history of Swedish literature Winter scene at Ekenas Castle Former Industrial landscape in Norrkoping Ovralid Manor with view over Lake Vattern The Gota Canal at Soderkoping Tidersrum Church the oldest wooden church in Sweden Vadstena Castle in Vadstena The Cathedral in Linkoping Vreta Abbey from the early 12th centuryHundreds EditThe Hundreds of Sweden were jurisdictional divisions in effect until the early 20th century Aska Bankekind Boberg Brabo Dal Finspang Fief Gullberg Gostring Hammarkind Hanekind Kinda formerly part of Smaland Lysinge Memming Northern Tjust Northern Vedbo Skarkind Valkebo Vifolka Ydre formerly part of Smaland Akerbo OstkindSports EditFootball in the province is administered by Ostergotlands Fotbollforbund OFF See also EditRoundabout dogReferences Edit Folkmangd i landskapen den 31 december 2016 in Swedish Statistics Sweden 2017 03 21 Archived from the original on 2017 12 01 Retrieved 2017 11 25 Eric Linklater in The Life of Charles XII pp 53 54 amp throughout Hallberg Goran Ostergotland Ortnamn Nationalencyklopedin in Swedish Archived from the original on 2019 12 09 Retrieved 2017 11 19 Carlson Clara 2012 02 24 Estelle hertiginna av Ostergotland Norrkopings Tidningar in Swedish Archived from the original on 2019 04 26 Retrieved 2019 04 26 HRH Princess Estelle Royal Court of Sweden Archived from the original on 2019 04 02 Retrieved 2019 04 26 a b httpsleft www ydre se kulturfritid sagorochsagneriydre urkon 4 b37cf2d1210ab226ee8000119267 html Urkon ydre se in Swedish Ydre kommun Archived from the original on April 22 2019 Retrieved April 20 2019 Nordisk Familjebok see belowExternal links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Ostergotland Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ostergotland Ostergotland Official Tourism Site article Ostergotland from Nordisk Familjebok in Swedish Ekenas Castle Lofstad Castle Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Ostergotland amp oldid 1081013656, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.