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Žďár nad Sázavou

Žďár nad Sázavou (Czech pronunciation: ; German: Saar) is a town in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 20,000 inhabitants. It is situated on a major rail link between Prague and Brno. The town both industrial and tourist centre. It is known for the Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Žďár nad Sázavou
Main square with the Old Town Hall
Flag
Coat of arms
Žďár nad Sázavou
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates:49°33′46″N15°56′21″E /49.56278°N 15.93917°E /49.56278; 15.93917Coordinates: 49°33′46″N15°56′21″E /49.56278°N 15.93917°E /49.56278; 15.93917
CountryCzech Republic
RegionVysočina
DistrictŽďár nad Sázavou
First mentioned1253
Government
• MayorMartin Mrkos
Area
• Total37.06 km2 (14.31 sq mi)
Elevation
580 m (1,900 ft)
Population
(2021-01-01)
• Total20,485
• Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
591 01
Websitewww.zdarns.cz
Official namePilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora
Criteriaiv
Reference690
Inscription1994 (18th Session)

Contents

Town parts of Žďár nad Sázavou 1–8 and villages of Mělkovice, Radonín, Stržanov and Veselíčko are administrative parts of Žďár nad Sázavou.

Žďár nad Sázavou Castle, formerly a Cistercian monastery

Žďár was founded as a settlement of nearby Cistercian monastery, which was established in 1252. The original settlement was soon moved on the left bank of the Sázava, in the site of today's historic centre. In 1293, Žďár was first referred to as a market town.

From 1588, Žďár came under administration of Olomouc Bishopric, but remained loyal to he Cistercian monastery, which resulted in a long-running dispute. In 1606, the monastery was abolished and the dispute settled down. In 1607, Žďár was promoted to a town. The monastery was rebuilt to a castle in 1614. In 1638, the monastery was restored, but was attacted by Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War. The town was ransacked in 1645. After it was destroyed by a great fire, the monastery was definitely abolished in 1784.

In the second half of the 19th century, Žďár developed both culturally and economically. In 1898 and 1905, the railway was constructed. First factories were established and part of the old town was rebuilt.

After the World War II, a large engineering and foundry company ŽĎAS was founded and the population significantly increased. New suburbs were created and in the 1970s the entire historic centre was rebuilt.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18694,338
18804,026−7.2%
18903,842−4.6%
19004,124+7.3%
19104,666+13.1%
YearPop.±%
19214,655−0.2%
19304,674+0.4%
19504,936+5.6%
196110,305+108.8%
197015,686+52.2%
YearPop.±%
198020,864+33.0%
199123,191+11.2%
200124,289+4.7%
201122,328−8.1%
202120,245−9.3%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic

The engineering and foundry company ŽĎAS was founded in 1951 and to this day is still one of the most important employers in the region. Other large industrial employers based in the town include a branch of the car parts producer Cooper-Standard Automotive, a branch of Hettich (a manufacturer of furniture fittings), and Tokoz, a Czech manufacturer of keys and fittings.

Church of Saint John of Nepomuk
Church of Saint Procopius

Žďár nad Sázavou is best known for the Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk on the hill Zelená hora, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was designed by Jan Santini Aichel. It was built in the Baroque style in 1719–1722.

Žďár nad Sázavou Castle houses today serves cultural purposes and houses the New Generation Museum, an audiovisual museum presenting the history of the castle complex and other important buildings in the region. Part of the complex is the Basilica of Our Lady of the Assumption and St. Nicholas of the former monastery.

In the centre of the town there is the parish Church of Saint Procopius, which was first mentioned in 1391 and rebuilt in the late Gothic style in 1560. The church tower is open to the public. Next to the church is the Baroque Chapel of Saint Barbara from 1729.

The main sight of the town square is the Old Town Hall, a Renaissance building from the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries with Neoclassical façade from the 18th century.

Žďár nad Sázavou is twinned with:

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. "Brief history of the town". Město Žďár nad Sázavou. Retrieved2021-11-01.
  3. "Zelená hora". Žďár nad Sázavou Castle. Retrieved2021-11-01.
  4. "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Žďár nad Sázavou" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 21–22.
  5. "About Us". Město Žďár nad Sázavou. Retrieved2021-11-01.
  6. "The impulse and preparation of the church". Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená hora. Retrieved2021-11-01.
  7. "Zelená hora". Město Žďár nad Sázavou. Retrieved2021-11-01.
  8. "Significant monuments". Město Žďár nad Sázavou. Retrieved2021-11-01.
  9. "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Žďár nad Sázavou. Retrieved2021-11-01.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toŽďár nad Sázavou.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Žďár nad Sázavou.

Žďár nad Sázavou
Zdar nad Sazavou Language Watch Edit Zdar nad Sazavou Czech pronunciation ˈʒɟaːr ˈnat saːzavou German Saar is a town in the Vysocina Region of the Czech Republic It has about 20 000 inhabitants It is situated on a major rail link between Prague and Brno The town both industrial and tourist centre It is known for the Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site Zdar nad SazavouTownMain square with the Old Town HallFlagCoat of armsZdar nad SazavouLocation in the Czech RepublicCoordinates 49 33 46 N 15 56 21 E 49 56278 N 15 93917 E 49 56278 15 93917 Coordinates 49 33 46 N 15 56 21 E 49 56278 N 15 93917 E 49 56278 15 93917Country Czech RepublicRegionVysocinaDistrictZdar nad SazavouFirst mentioned1253Government MayorMartin MrkosArea Total37 06 km2 14 31 sq mi Elevation580 m 1 900 ft Population 2021 01 01 1 Total20 485 Density550 km2 1 400 sq mi Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code591 01Websitewww wbr zdarns wbr czUNESCO World Heritage SiteOfficial namePilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelena HoraCriteriaivReference690Inscription1994 18th Session Contents 1 Administrative parts 2 History 3 Demography 4 Economy 5 Sights 6 Notable people 7 Twin towns sister cities 8 References 9 External linksAdministrative parts EditTown parts of Zdar nad Sazavou 1 8 and villages of Melkovice Radonin Strzanov and Veselicko are administrative parts of Zdar nad Sazavou History Edit Zdar nad Sazavou Castle formerly a Cistercian monastery Zdar was founded as a settlement of nearby Cistercian monastery which was established in 1252 The original settlement was soon moved on the left bank of the Sazava in the site of today s historic centre In 1293 Zdar was first referred to as a market town 2 From 1588 Zdar came under administration of Olomouc Bishopric but remained loyal to he Cistercian monastery which resulted in a long running dispute In 1606 the monastery was abolished and the dispute settled down In 1607 Zdar was promoted to a town The monastery was rebuilt to a castle in 1614 In 1638 the monastery was restored but was attacted by Swedish army during the Thirty Years War The town was ransacked in 1645 After it was destroyed by a great fire the monastery was definitely abolished in 1784 2 3 In the second half of the 19th century Zdar developed both culturally and economically In 1898 and 1905 the railway was constructed First factories were established and part of the old town was rebuilt 2 After the World War II a large engineering and foundry company ZDAS was founded and the population significantly increased New suburbs were created and in the 1970s the entire historic centre was rebuilt 2 Demography EditHistorical populationYearPop 18694 338 18804 026 7 2 18903 842 4 6 19004 124 7 3 19104 666 13 1 YearPop 19214 655 0 2 19304 674 0 4 19504 936 5 6 196110 305 108 8 197015 686 52 2 YearPop 198020 864 33 0 199123 191 11 2 200124 289 4 7 201122 328 8 1 202120 245 9 3 Source Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic 4 Economy EditThe engineering and foundry company ZDAS was founded in 1951 and to this day is still one of the most important employers in the region 5 Other large industrial employers based in the town include a branch of the car parts producer Cooper Standard Automotive a branch of Hettich a manufacturer of furniture fittings and Tokoz a Czech manufacturer of keys and fittings Sights Edit Church of Saint John of Nepomuk Church of Saint Procopius Zdar nad Sazavou is best known for the Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk on the hill Zelena hora a UNESCO World Heritage Site It was designed by Jan Santini Aichel 6 It was built in the Baroque style in 1719 1722 7 Zdar nad Sazavou Castle houses today serves cultural purposes and houses the New Generation Museum an audiovisual museum presenting the history of the castle complex and other important buildings in the region Part of the complex is the Basilica of Our Lady of the Assumption and St Nicholas of the former monastery 3 In the centre of the town there is the parish Church of Saint Procopius which was first mentioned in 1391 and rebuilt in the late Gothic style in 1560 The church tower is open to the public Next to the church is the Baroque Chapel of Saint Barbara from 1729 8 The main sight of the town square is the Old Town Hall a Renaissance building from the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries with Neoclassical facade from the 18th century 8 Notable people EditFrantisek Drdla 1868 1944 violinist and composer Tomas Rolinek born 1980 ice hockey player Petr Koukal born 1982 ice hockey player Eva Viteckova born 1982 basketball playerTwin towns sister cities EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in the Czech Republic Zdar nad Sazavou is twinned with 9 Cairanne France Flobecq Belgium Khust Ukraine Schmolln GermanyReferences Edit Population of Municipalities 1 January 2021 Czech Statistical Office 2021 04 30 a b c d Brief history of the town Mesto Zdar nad Sazavou Retrieved 2021 11 01 a b Zelena hora Zdar nad Sazavou Castle Retrieved 2021 11 01 Historicky lexikon obci Ceske republiky 1869 2011 Okres Zdar nad Sazavou in Czech Czech Statistical Office 2015 12 21 pp 21 22 About Us Mesto Zdar nad Sazavou Retrieved 2021 11 01 The impulse and preparation of the church Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelena hora Retrieved 2021 11 01 Zelena hora Mesto Zdar nad Sazavou Retrieved 2021 11 01 a b Significant monuments Mesto Zdar nad Sazavou Retrieved 2021 11 01 Partnerska mesta in Czech Mesto Zdar nad Sazavou Retrieved 2021 11 01 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Zdar nad Sazavou Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zdar nad Sazavou Official website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zdar nad Sazavou amp oldid 1053003802, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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