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Crawford County, Arkansas

Crawford County is a county located in the Ozarks region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,948, making it the 12th-most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties. The county seat and largest city is Van Buren. Crawford County was formed on October 18, 1820 from the former Lovely County and Indian Territory, and was named for William H. Crawford, the United States Secretary of War in 1815.

Crawford County
Crawford County Courthouse within the Van Buren Historic District
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates:35°34′00″N94°15′00″W /35.566666666667°N 94.25°W /35.566666666667; -94.25
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
Named forWilliam H. Crawford
SeatVan Buren
Largest cityVan Buren
Area
• Total604 sq mi (1,560 km2)
• Land593 sq mi (1,540 km2)
• Water11 sq mi (30 km2) 1.8%%
Population
• Total61,948
• Estimate
(2019)
63,257
• Density100/sq mi (40/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
• Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts3rd, 4th
Websitewww.crawford-county.org

Located largely within the Ozarks, the southern border of the county is the Arkansas River, placing the extreme southern edge of the county in the Arkansas River Valley. The frontier county became an early crossroads, beginning with a California Gold Rush and developing into the Butterfield Overland Mail, Civil War trails and railroads such as the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway, the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad, and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway. Today the county is home to the intersection of two major interstate highways, Interstate 40 (I-40) and I-49. Crawford County is part of the Fort Smith metropolitan area. As a dry county, alcohol sales are generally prohibited, though recent changes to county law provide for exemptions.

Contents

Crawford County is located in the northwest region of Arkansas. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 593 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water.

Major highways

Crawford County is included in an area designated for a planned extension of I-49 into Arkansas. The final project will connect New Orleans, Louisiana, to Kansas City, Missouri, a large trucking corridor which is currently not served by an Interstate highway. The proposed highway would utilize portions of I-49 which currently runs north from Van Buren toward the Missouri state line passing through Benton County, home of Walmart. The corridor was listed as the number-one high-priority corridor by transportation officials in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,440
18404,26674.8%
18507,96086.6%
18607,850−1.4%
18708,95714.1%
188014,74064.6%
189021,71447.3%
190021,270−2.0%
191023,94212.6%
192025,7397.5%
193022,549−12.4%
194023,9206.1%
195022,727−5.0%
196021,318−6.2%
197025,67720.4%
198036,89243.7%
199042,49315.2%
200053,24725.3%
201061,94816.3%
2019 (est.)63,2572.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016

As of the 2000 census, there were 53,247 people, 19,702 households, and 15,150 families residing in the county. The population density was 35/km2 (89/mi2). There were 21,315 housing units at an average density of 14/km2 (36/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.19% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 2.01% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,702 households, out of which 37.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,871, and the median income for a family was $36,741. Males had a median income of $29,581 versus $20,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,015. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.30% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Thousands of self-claimed "Western Band of Cherokee" (or Arkansas Cherokees) fought for state and federal recognition as a political entity of Native Americans. Crawford County was historically part of the Cherokee Nation, which lost its tribal sovereignty status as a result of the U.S. Civil war in the 1860s. The Cherokee Nation was subsequently relocated to the west in the present-day state of Oklahoma.[citation needed]

Crawford County is a longtime Republican stronghold, so much so that not even former governor and native Arkansan Bill Clinton was able to carry it in either of his presidential victories. The last Democrat (as of 2020) to carry this county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Presidential elections results
Crawford County, Arkansas
vote by party in presidential elections
Year GOP Dem Others
2020 77.2% 18,607 20.6% 4,959 2.2% 525
2016 74.3% 16,686 20.0% 4,488 5.7% 1,276
2012 73.6% 15,145 23.7% 4,881 2.7% 565
2008 71.5% 14,688 25.5% 5,238 3.0% 606
2004 65.6% 13,391 33.2% 6,764 1.2% 246
2000 61.3% 10,804 35.7% 6,288 3.0% 533
1996 45.4% 7,182 42.7% 6,749 11.9% 1,883
1992 42.6% 6,882 41.2% 6,656 16.3% 2,627
1988 70.9% 9,092 27.9% 3,582 1.2% 158
1984 75.2% 9,551 24.2% 3,071 0.6% 79
1980 66.2% 8,542 30.6% 3,948 3.2% 409
1976 44.5% 4,764 55.5% 5,946
1972 81.4% 6,974 17.7% 1,520 0.8% 72
1968 37.7% 2,723 21.9% 1,578 40.4% 2,917
1964 48.1% 3,294 51.6% 3,537 0.3% 21
1960 57.1% 3,373 41.1% 2,430 1.8% 104
1956 52.9% 3,090 46.6% 2,723 0.5% 30
1952 52.8% 2,782 47.0% 2,477 0.2% 10
1948 33.9% 1,002 58.6% 1,730 7.5% 220
1944 39.9% 1,141 59.5% 1,702 0.7% 19
1940 29.8% 691 68.2% 1,581 2.0% 46
1936 26.1% 697 73.5% 1,963 0.5% 12
1932 21.2% 809 77.5% 2,962 1.4% 53
1928 47.2% 1,559 52.8% 1,743 0.0% 0
1924 34.2% 996 49.7% 1,445 16.1% 469
1920 44.1% 1,497 54.8% 1,861 1.2% 40
1916 42.4% 1,195 57.6% 1,622 0.0% 0
1912 21.7% 407 51.5% 969 26.8% 504
1908 43.5% 1,339 54.0% 1,661 2.6% 79
1904 50.0% 941 46.5% 875 3.6% 67
1900 41.8% 1,060 57.1% 1,449 1.1% 28
1896 41.0% 1,311 58.5% 1,870 0.6% 18

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated community

Townships

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Crawford County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

  1. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. RetrievedMay 20, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. RetrievedJune 7, 2011.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 95.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. RetrievedAugust 25, 2015.
  5. "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2018". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedJune 2, 2019.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedAugust 25, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. RetrievedAugust 25, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedAugust 25, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000"(PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. RetrievedAugust 25, 2015.
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedMay 14, 2011.
  11. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". RetrievedNovember 18, 2016.
  12. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crawford County, AR(PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original(PDF) on October 19, 2012. RetrievedAugust 25, 2011.
  13. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedMay 27, 2014.
Crawford County, Arkansasat Wikipedia's sister projects
  • Media from Wikimedia Commons
  • Data from Wikidata

Coordinates: 35°34′N94°15′W /35.567°N 94.250°W /35.567; -94.250

Crawford County, Arkansas
Crawford County Arkansas Language Watch Edit Crawford County is a county located in the Ozarks region of the U S state of Arkansas As of the 2010 census the population was 61 948 making it the 12th most populous of Arkansas s 75 counties 1 The county seat and largest city is Van Buren 2 Crawford County was formed on October 18 1820 from the former Lovely County and Indian Territory and was named for William H Crawford the United States Secretary of War in 1815 3 Crawford CountyU S countyCrawford County Courthouse within the Van Buren Historic DistrictLocation within the U S state of ArkansasArkansas s location within the U S Coordinates 35 34 00 N 94 15 00 W 35 566666666667 N 94 25 W 35 566666666667 94 25Country United StatesState ArkansasNamed forWilliam H CrawfordSeatVan BurenLargest cityVan BurenArea Total604 sq mi 1 560 km2 Land593 sq mi 1 540 km2 Water11 sq mi 30 km2 1 8 Population 2010 Total61 948 Estimate 2019 63 257 Density100 sq mi 40 km2 Time zoneUTC 6 Central Summer DST UTC 5 CDT Congressional districts3rd 4thWebsitewww wbr crawford county wbr org Located largely within the Ozarks the southern border of the county is the Arkansas River placing the extreme southern edge of the county in the Arkansas River Valley The frontier county became an early crossroads beginning with a California Gold Rush and developing into the Butterfield Overland Mail Civil War trails and railroads such as the St Louis and San Francisco Railway the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad and the St Louis Iron Mountain and Southern Railway Today the county is home to the intersection of two major interstate highways Interstate 40 I 40 and I 49 Crawford County is part of the Fort Smith metropolitan area As a dry county alcohol sales are generally prohibited though recent changes to county law provide for exemptions Contents 1 Geography 1 1 Major highways 1 2 Adjacent counties 1 3 National protected area 2 Demographics 3 Controversy 4 Government 5 Communities 5 1 Cities 5 2 Towns 5 3 Unincorporated community 5 4 Townships 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksGeography EditCrawford County is located in the northwest region of Arkansas According to the U S Census Bureau the county has a total area of 604 square miles 1 560 km2 of which 593 square miles 1 540 km2 is land and 11 square miles 28 km2 1 8 is water 4 Major highways Edit Interstate 40 Interstate 49 US 64 US 71 Highway 59 Highway 60 Highway 162 Highway 282 Highway 348 Crawford County is included in an area designated for a planned extension of I 49 into Arkansas The final project will connect New Orleans Louisiana to Kansas City Missouri a large trucking corridor which is currently not served by an Interstate highway The proposed highway would utilize portions of I 49 which currently runs north from Van Buren toward the Missouri state line passing through Benton County home of Walmart The corridor was listed as the number one high priority corridor by transportation officials in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act Adjacent counties Edit Washington County north Madison County northeast Franklin County east Sebastian County south Le Flore County Oklahoma southwest Sequoyah County Oklahoma west Adair County Oklahoma northwest National protected area Edit Ozark National Forest part Demographics EditHistorical populationCensus Pop 18302 440 18404 26674 8 18507 96086 6 18607 850 1 4 18708 95714 1 188014 74064 6 189021 71447 3 190021 270 2 0 191023 94212 6 192025 7397 5 193022 549 12 4 194023 9206 1 195022 727 5 0 196021 318 6 2 197025 67720 4 198036 89243 7 199042 49315 2 200053 24725 3 201061 94816 3 2019 est 63 257 5 2 1 U S Decennial Census 6 1790 1960 7 1900 1990 8 1990 2000 9 2010 2016 1 As of the 2000 census 10 there were 53 247 people 19 702 households and 15 150 families residing in the county The population density was 35 km2 89 mi2 There were 21 315 housing units at an average density of 14 km2 36 mi2 The racial makeup of the county was 92 19 White 0 87 Black or African American 2 01 Native American 1 19 Asian 0 02 Pacific Islander 1 48 from other races and 2 24 from two or more races 3 27 of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race There were 19 702 households out of which 37 50 had children under the age of 18 living with them 62 20 were married couples living together 10 90 had a female householder with no husband present and 23 10 were non families 20 00 of all households were made up of individuals and 8 20 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 2 68 and the average family size was 3 07 In the county the population was spread out with 28 20 under the age of 18 8 40 from 18 to 24 29 30 from 25 to 44 22 80 from 45 to 64 and 11 30 who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 35 years For every 100 females there were 97 70 males For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 94 20 males The median income for a household in the county was 32 871 and the median income for a family was 36 741 Males had a median income of 29 581 versus 20 352 for females The per capita income for the county was 15 015 About 10 90 of families and 14 20 of the population were below the poverty line including 19 30 of those under age 18 and 13 70 of those age 65 or over Controversy EditThousands of self claimed Western Band of Cherokee or Arkansas Cherokees fought for state and federal recognition as a political entity of Native Americans Crawford County was historically part of the Cherokee Nation which lost its tribal sovereignty status as a result of the U S Civil war in the 1860s The Cherokee Nation was subsequently relocated to the west in the present day state of Oklahoma citation needed Government EditCrawford County is a longtime Republican stronghold so much so that not even former governor and native Arkansan Bill Clinton was able to carry it in either of his presidential victories The last Democrat as of 2020 to carry this county was Jimmy Carter in 1976 Presidential elections resultsCrawford County Arkansas vote by party in presidential elections 11 Year GOP Dem Others2020 77 2 18 607 20 6 4 959 2 2 5252016 74 3 16 686 20 0 4 488 5 7 1 2762012 73 6 15 145 23 7 4 881 2 7 5652008 71 5 14 688 25 5 5 238 3 0 6062004 65 6 13 391 33 2 6 764 1 2 2462000 61 3 10 804 35 7 6 288 3 0 5331996 45 4 7 182 42 7 6 749 11 9 1 8831992 42 6 6 882 41 2 6 656 16 3 2 6271988 70 9 9 092 27 9 3 582 1 2 1581984 75 2 9 551 24 2 3 071 0 6 791980 66 2 8 542 30 6 3 948 3 2 4091976 44 5 4 764 55 5 5 9461972 81 4 6 974 17 7 1 520 0 8 721968 37 7 2 723 21 9 1 578 40 4 2 9171964 48 1 3 294 51 6 3 537 0 3 211960 57 1 3 373 41 1 2 430 1 8 1041956 52 9 3 090 46 6 2 723 0 5 301952 52 8 2 782 47 0 2 477 0 2 101948 33 9 1 002 58 6 1 730 7 5 2201944 39 9 1 141 59 5 1 702 0 7 191940 29 8 691 68 2 1 581 2 0 461936 26 1 697 73 5 1 963 0 5 121932 21 2 809 77 5 2 962 1 4 531928 47 2 1 559 52 8 1 743 0 0 01924 34 2 996 49 7 1 445 16 1 4691920 44 1 1 497 54 8 1 861 1 2 401916 42 4 1 195 57 6 1 622 0 0 01912 21 7 407 51 5 969 26 8 5041908 43 5 1 339 54 0 1 661 2 6 791904 50 0 941 46 5 875 3 6 671900 41 8 1 060 57 1 1 449 1 1 281896 41 0 1 311 58 5 1 870 0 6 18Communities EditCities Edit Alma Cedarville Dyer Kibler Mountainburg Mulberry Van Buren county seat Towns Edit Chester RudyUnincorporated community Edit Dora Natural Dam ArkansasTownships Edit Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county Each township includes unincorporated areas some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times However the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships sometimes referred to as county subdivisions or minor civil divisions Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications The townships of Crawford County are listed below listed in parentheses are the cities towns and or census designated places that are fully or partially inside the township 12 13 Alma most of Alma Bidville Cedar Creek Cedarville Cedarville Chester Chester small part of Mountainburg Cove City Dean Springs small part of Alma Dora part of Van Buren Dyer Dyer small part of Alma Jasper Kibler most of Kibler Lancaster Lees Creek Locke Mountainburg most of Mountainburg Mulberry most of Mulberry Oliver Springs Porter Rudy Rudy very small part of Alma Uniontown Upper Van Buren most of Van Buren part of Kibler Vine Prairie part of Mulberry Whitley WinfreySee also EditList of lakes in Crawford County Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Crawford County ArkansasReferences Edit a b State amp County QuickFacts United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on July 9 2011 Retrieved May 20 2014 Find a County National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31 2011 Retrieved June 7 2011 Gannett Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off pp 95 2010 Census Gazetteer Files United States Census Bureau August 22 2012 Retrieved August 25 2015 County Population Totals and Components of Change 2010 2018 United States Census Bureau Retrieved June 2 2019 U S Decennial Census United States Census Bureau Retrieved August 25 2015 Historical Census Browser University of Virginia Library Retrieved August 25 2015 Forstall Richard L ed March 27 1995 Population of Counties by Decennial Census 1900 to 1990 United States Census Bureau Retrieved August 25 2015 Census 2000 PHC T 4 Ranking Tables for Counties 1990 and 2000 PDF United States Census Bureau April 2 2001 Retrieved August 25 2015 U S Census website United States Census Bureau Retrieved May 14 2011 Dave Leip s Atlas of U S Presidential Elections Retrieved November 18 2016 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey BAS Crawford County AR PDF Map U S Census Bureau Archived from the original PDF on October 19 2012 Retrieved August 25 2011 Arkansas 2010 Census Block Maps County Subdivision United States Census Bureau Retrieved May 27 2014 External links EditCrawford County Arkansasat Wikipedia s sister projects Media from Wikimedia Commons Data from Wikidata Crawford County government s website Crawford County Sheriff s Office Coordinates 35 34 N 94 15 W 35 567 N 94 250 W 35 567 94 250 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Crawford County Arkansas amp oldid 1021447181, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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