fbpx
Wikipedia

Nāgarī script

The Nāgarī script or Northern Nagari is the ancestor of Devanagari, Nandinagari and other variants, and was first used to write Prakrit and Sanskrit. The term is sometimes mistakenly used as a synonym for Devanagari script. It came in vogue during the first millennium CE.

Nāgarī
Copper plates in Nāgarī script, 1035 CE
Script type
Time period
Early signs: 1st century CE, Developed form: 7th century CE
Languages
Related scripts
Parent systems
Child systems
Sister systems
Bengali-Assamese script, Odia script, Nepalese
[a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon.
This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see . For the distinction between[ ],/ / and ⟨⟩, see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.

The Nāgarī script has roots in the ancient Brahmi script family. Some of the earliest epigraph evidence attesting to the developing Sanskrit Nāgarī script in ancient India is from the 1st to 4th century CE inscriptions discovered in Gujarat. The Nāgarī script was in regular use by 7th century CE, and had fully evolved into Devanagari and Nandinagari scripts by about the end of first millennium of the common era.

Contents

Nagari comes from नगर (Nagara), which means city.

The Nāgarī script appeared in ancient India as a central-eastern variant of the Gupta script (whereas Śāradā was the western variety and Siddham was the far eastern variety). In turn it branched off into several scripts, such as Devanagari and Nandinagari.

The 7th century Tibetan king Srong Btsan Sgam Po ordered that all foreign books be transcribed into Tibetan language, and sent his ambassador Tonmi Sambota to India to acquire alphabet and writing methods, who returned with Sanskrit Nāgarī script from Kashmir corresponding to 24 Tibetan sounds and innovating new symbols for 6 local sounds.

The museum in Mrauk-u (Mrohaung) in the Rakhine state of Myanmar held in 1972 two examples of Nāgarī script. Archaeologist Aung Thaw[full citation needed] writes: "... epigraphs in mixed Sanskrit and Pali in North-eastern Nāgarī script of the 6th century dedicated by (Kings) Niti Candra and Vira Candra", of a dynasty hailing from Vesáli in India.[citation needed]

Nagari Script 01
Nagari Script 02
  1. https://archive.org/details/epigraphyindianepigraphyrichardsalmonoup_908_D/mode/2up,p39-41
  2. Handbook of Literacy in Akshara Orthography, R. Malatesha Joshi, Catherine McBride(2019),p.27
  3. Daniels, P.T. (January 2008). "Writing systems of major and minor languages".Cite journal requires |journal= ()
  4. Masica, Colin (1993). The Indo-Aryan languages. p. 143.
  5. Handbook of Literacy in Akshara Orthography, R. Malatesha Joshi, Catherine McBride(2019),p.27
  6. Tripathi, Kunjabihari (1962). The Evolution of Oriya Language and Script. Utkal University. p. 28. Retrieved21 March 2021. Northern Nāgarī (almost identical with modern Nagari)
  7. Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1615301492, page 83
  8. George Cardona and Danesh Jain (2003), The Indo-Aryan Languages, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415772945, pages 68-69
  9. "Devanagari through the ages". India Central Hindi Directorate (Instituut voor Toegepaste Sociologie te Nijmegen). University of California. 1967.
  10. George Cardona and Danesh Jain (2003), The Indo-Aryan Languages, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415772945, pages 68-69
  11. Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, p. 30, at Google Books, Rudradaman’s inscription from 1st through 4th century CE found in Gujarat, India, Stanford University Archives, pages 30-45
  12. Richard Salomon (2014), Indian Epigraphy, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0195356663, pages 33-47
  13. Pandey, Anshuman. (2017). Final proposal to encode Nandinagari in Unicode.
  14. Monier Williams Online Dictionary, nagara, Cologne Sanskrit Digital Lexicon, Germany
  15. William Woodville Rockhill, Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, p. 671, at Google Books, United States National Museum, page 671
  16. Historical Sites in Burma, 1972

Nāgarī script
Nagari script Language Watch Edit The Nagari script or Northern Nagari 6 is the ancestor of Devanagari Nandinagari and other variants and was first used to write Prakrit and Sanskrit The term is sometimes mistakenly used as a synonym for Devanagari script 7 8 It came in vogue during the first millennium CE 9 NagariCopper plates in Nagari script 1035 CEScript typeAbugidaTime periodEarly signs 1st century CE Developed form 7th century CELanguagesSanskrit Prakrit Old Javanese Old SundaneseRelated scriptsParent systemsProto Sinaitic alphabet a Phoenician alphabet a Aramaic alphabet a BrahmiGuptaSiddhaṃ 1 2 3 4 NagariChild systemsDevanagari Kaithi Nandinagari Gujarati ModiSister systemsBengali Assamese script Odia script 5 Nepalese a The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet IPA For an introductory guide on IPA symbols see Help IPA For the distinction between and see IPA Brackets and transcription delimiters The Nagari script has roots in the ancient Brahmi script family 10 Some of the earliest epigraph evidence attesting to the developing Sanskrit Nagari script in ancient India is from the 1st to 4th century CE inscriptions discovered in Gujarat 11 The Nagari script was in regular use by 7th century CE and had fully evolved into Devanagari and Nandinagari scripts by about the end of first millennium of the common era 7 12 13 Contents 1 Etymology 2 Origins 3 Usage outside India 4 See also 5 ReferencesEtymology EditNagari comes from नगर Nagara which means city 14 Origins EditThe Nagari script appeared in ancient India as a central eastern variant of the Gupta script whereas Sarada was the western variety and Siddham was the far eastern variety In turn it branched off into several scripts such as Devanagari and Nandinagari Usage outside India EditThe 7th century Tibetan king Srong Btsan Sgam Po ordered that all foreign books be transcribed into Tibetan language and sent his ambassador Tonmi Sambota to India to acquire alphabet and writing methods who returned with Sanskrit Nagari script from Kashmir corresponding to 24 Tibetan sounds and innovating new symbols for 6 local sounds 15 The museum in Mrauk u Mrohaung in the Rakhine state of Myanmar held in 1972 two examples of Nagari script Archaeologist Aung Thaw 16 full citation needed writes epigraphs in mixed Sanskrit and Pali in North eastern Nagari script of the 6th century dedicated by Kings Niti Candra and Vira Candra of a dynasty hailing from Vesali in India citation needed Nagari Script 01 Nagari Script 02See also EditBrahmi script Brahmic scripts Devanagari Nandinagari Sylheti Nagri Eastern Nagari LipiReferences Edit https archive org details epigraphyindianepigraphyrichardsalmonoup 908 D mode 2up p39 41 Handbook of Literacy in Akshara Orthography R Malatesha Joshi Catherine McBride 2019 p 27 Daniels P T January 2008 Writing systems of major and minor languages Cite journal requires journal help Masica Colin 1993 The Indo Aryan languages p 143 Handbook of Literacy in Akshara Orthography R Malatesha Joshi Catherine McBride 2019 p 27 Tripathi Kunjabihari 1962 The Evolution of Oriya Language and Script Utkal University p 28 Retrieved 21 March 2021 Northern Nagari almost identical with modern Nagari a b Kathleen Kuiper 2010 The Culture of India New York The Rosen Publishing Group ISBN 978 1615301492 page 83 George Cardona and Danesh Jain 2003 The Indo Aryan Languages Routledge ISBN 978 0415772945 pages 68 69 Devanagari through the ages India Central Hindi Directorate Instituut voor Toegepaste Sociologie te Nijmegen University of California 1967 George Cardona and Danesh Jain 2003 The Indo Aryan Languages Routledge ISBN 978 0415772945 pages 68 69 Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency p 30 at Google Books Rudradaman s inscription from 1st through 4th century CE found in Gujarat India Stanford University Archives pages 30 45 Richard Salomon 2014 Indian Epigraphy Oxford University Press ISBN 978 0195356663 pages 33 47 Pandey Anshuman 2017 Final proposal to encode Nandinagari in Unicode Monier Williams Online Dictionary nagara Cologne Sanskrit Digital Lexicon Germany William Woodville Rockhill Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution p 671 at Google Books United States National Museum page 671 Historical Sites in Burma 1972 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Nagari script amp oldid 1053671165, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.