fbpx
Wikipedia

Nymphaea alba

"Nenuphar" redirects here. For the ballet, see Nénuphar.

Nymphaea alba, the white waterlily, European white water lily or white nenuphar, is an aquatic flowering plant in the family Nymphaeaceae. It is native to North Africa, temperate Asia, Europe and tropical Asia (Jammu and Kashmir).

European white water lily
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Nymphaeales
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nymphaea
Species:
N. alba
Binomial name
Nymphaea alba
Synonyms
  • Castalia alba (L.) Greene
  • Castalia minoriflora Simonk.
  • Castalia speciosa Salisb.
  • Leuconymphaea alba Kuntze
  • Nymphaea albavar. alba
  • Nymphaea albasubsp. minoriflora (Simonk.) Stucchi
  • Nymphaea albavar. rubra Lönnr.
  • Nymphaea minoriflora (Simonk.) Wissjul.
  • Nymphaea occidentalis Moss,

Contents

It grows in water that is 30–150 cm (12–59 in) deep and likes large ponds and lakes.

The leaves can be up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter and take up a spread of 150 cm (59 in) per plant. The flowers are white and they have many small stamens inside.

It was first published and described by Carl Linnaeus in his book 'Species Plantarum', on page 510 in 1753.

The red variety (Nymphaea alba f. rosea) is cultivated from lake Fagertärn ("Fair tarn") in the forest of Tiveden, Sweden, where it was discovered in the early 19th century. The discovery led to large-scale exploitation which nearly made it extinct in the wild before it was protected.

Nymphaea candidaJ. Presl is sometimes considered a subspecies of N. alba (N. alba L. subsp. candida(J. Presl) Korsh.).

It is found all over Europe and in parts of North Africa and the Middle East in fresh water. In Africa, it is found in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. In temperate Asia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Siberia, Iran, Iraq, Israel and Turkey. It is found in tropical Asia, within the Indian provinces of Jammu and Kashmir. Lastly, within Europe, it is found in Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Ukraine Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, France, Portugal and Spain.

It contains the active alkaloids nupharine and nymphaeine, and is a sedative and an aphrodisiac/anaphrodisiac depending on sources.[citation needed] Although roots and stalks are used in traditional herbal medicine along with the flower, the petals and other flower parts are the most potent. Alcohol can be used to extract the active alkaloids, and it also boosts the sedative effects. The root of the plant was used by monks and nuns for hundreds of years as an anaphrodisiac, being crushed and mixed with wine. In the earliest printed medical textbooks, authors maintained this use, though warning against consuming large and frequent doses.

  • red cultivar

  1. NatureServe (2013). "Nymphaea alba". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013. Retrieved30 January 2015.old-form url
  2. "Nymphaea alba L. is an accepted name". theplantlist.org. 23 March 2012. Retrieved23 October 2017.
  3. "White Water Lily (Nymphaea odorata)". www.dnr.state.mn.us. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved18 August 2015.
  4. "Taxon: Nymphaea alba L." Retrieved23 October 2017.
  5. Anderberg, Anders (1996). "Vit näckros". www.linnaeus.nrm.se (in Swedish). Swedish Museum of Natural History. Retrieved18 August 2015.
  6. "Nymphaeaceae Nymphaea alba L." .pni.org. Retrieved23 October 2017.
  7. Wallsten, Maud; Thorson, Jan; Werlemark, Gun (2005). "Härstammar Claude Monets röda näckrosor från Fagertärn i Närke?" [Are Claude Monet's red water lilies derived from Fagertärn in Närke?](PDF). Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift (in Swedish) (99:3–4): 146–153. Archived from the original(PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved18 August 2015.
  8. Nielsen (1979). Giftplanter [Poisonous plants]. Gyldendals grønne håndbøger (in Norwegian). Cappelen. pp. 68–69. ISBN 8701318411.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toNymphaea alba.

Nymphaea alba
Nymphaea alba Language Watch Edit Nenuphar redirects here For the ballet see Nenuphar Nymphaea alba the white waterlily European white water lily or white nenuphar is an aquatic flowering plant in the family Nymphaeaceae 3 It is native to North Africa temperate Asia Europe and tropical Asia Jammu and Kashmir 4 European white water lilyConservation statusLeast Concern IUCN 3 1 1 Scientific classificationKingdom PlantaeClade TracheophytesClade AngiospermsOrder NymphaealesFamily NymphaeaceaeGenus NymphaeaSpecies N albaBinomial nameNymphaea alba L SynonymsCastalia alba L GreeneCastalia minoriflora Simonk Castalia speciosa Salisb Leuconymphaea alba KuntzeNymphaea alba var albaNymphaea alba subsp minoriflora Simonk StucchiNymphaea alba var rubra Lonnr Nymphaea minoriflora Simonk Wissjul Nymphaea occidentalis Moss 2 Contents 1 Description 2 Taxonomy 3 Distribution and habitat 4 Phytochemistry 5 ReferencesDescription EditIt grows in water that is 30 150 cm 12 59 in deep and likes large ponds and lakes The leaves can be up to 30 cm 12 in in diameter and take up a spread of 150 cm 59 in per plant 3 The flowers are white and they have many small stamens inside 5 Taxonomy EditIt was first published and described by Carl Linnaeus in his book Species Plantarum on page 510 in 1753 4 6 The red variety Nymphaea alba f rosea is cultivated from lake Fagertarn Fair tarn in the forest of Tiveden Sweden where it was discovered in the early 19th century The discovery led to large scale exploitation which nearly made it extinct in the wild before it was protected 7 Nymphaea candida J Presl is sometimes considered a subspecies of N alba N alba L subsp candida J Presl Korsh 5 Distribution and habitat EditIt is found all over Europe and in parts of North Africa and the Middle East in fresh water 5 In Africa it is found in Algeria Morocco and Tunisia In temperate Asia Armenia Azerbaijan Siberia Iran Iraq Israel and Turkey It is found in tropical Asia within the Indian provinces of Jammu and Kashmir Lastly within Europe it is found in Belarus Estonia Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russian Federation Ukraine Austria Belgium Czech Republic Germany Hungary Netherlands Poland Slovakia Switzerland Denmark Finland Ireland Norway Sweden United Kingdom Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Greece Italy Montenegro North Macedonia Romania Serbia Slovenia France Portugal and Spain 4 Phytochemistry EditIt contains the active alkaloids nupharine and nymphaeine and is a sedative and an aphrodisiac anaphrodisiac depending on sources citation needed Although roots and stalks are used in traditional herbal medicine along with the flower the petals and other flower parts are the most potent Alcohol can be used to extract the active alkaloids and it also boosts the sedative effects The root of the plant was used by monks and nuns for hundreds of years as an anaphrodisiac being crushed and mixed with wine In the earliest printed medical textbooks authors maintained this use though warning against consuming large and frequent doses 8 red cultivarReferences Edit NatureServe 2013 Nymphaea alba IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013 Retrieved 30 January 2015 old form url Nymphaea alba L is an accepted name theplantlist org 23 March 2012 Retrieved 23 October 2017 a b White Water Lily Nymphaea odorata www dnr state mn us Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Retrieved 18 August 2015 a b c Taxon Nymphaea alba L Retrieved 23 October 2017 a b c Anderberg Anders 1996 Vit nackros www linnaeus nrm se in Swedish Swedish Museum of Natural History Retrieved 18 August 2015 Nymphaeaceae Nymphaea alba L pni org Retrieved 23 October 2017 Wallsten Maud Thorson Jan Werlemark Gun 2005 Harstammar Claude Monets roda nackrosor fran Fagertarn i Narke Are Claude Monet s red water lilies derived from Fagertarn in Narke PDF Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift in Swedish 99 3 4 146 153 Archived from the original PDF on 4 March 2016 Retrieved 18 August 2015 Nielsen 1979 Giftplanter Poisonous plants Gyldendals gronne handboger in Norwegian Cappelen pp 68 69 ISBN 8701318411 Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nymphaea alba Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Nymphaea alba amp oldid 1043399236, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.