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O'Keefe v Calwell

O'Keefe v Calwell is a High Court of Australia case.

O’Keefe v Calwell
CourtHigh Court of Australia
Decided18 March 1949
Citation(s)[1949] HCA 6,(1949) 77 CLR 261
Court membership
Judge(s) sittingLatham CJ, Rich, Dixon, McTiernan, Williams and Webb JJ

Annie O'Keefe was a Dutch subject born in the Netherlands East Indies and one of 15,000 people who were evacuated to Australia from nearby countries during World War II and given sanctuary. She arrived in Australia in September 1942 and settled in the outer Melbourne community of Bonbeach. She married an Australian, believing that the marriage would also allow her remain, but the government issued a deportation order for Annie and the children in January 1949. Public support allowed her to challenge the deportation order.

The High Court ruled in favour of O'Keefe. This was because she had not formally been given the status of a prohibited immigrant when she was allowed to enter Australia with a certificate of exemption, so the expiration of the certificate did not make her liable to deportation as a prohibited immigrant. Nor could she be declared a prohibited immigrant more than five years after being allowed into the country. The case proved the Aliens Deportation Act 1948 a failure, leading the Minister for Immigration Arthur Calwell to push forward with the War-time Refugees Removal Act 1949.

The action in the High Court was the first successful legal challenge to the White Australia Policy.

  1. O'Keefe v Calwell [1949] HCA 6, (1949) 77 CLR 261 (18 March 1949), High Court
  2. Power, Paul (18 March 2014). "How one refugee signalled the end of the White Australia policy". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved29 January 2020.
  3. "Immigration control and deportation". press-files.anu.edu.au. Retrieved29 January 2020.

O'Keefe v Calwell
O Keefe v Calwell Language Watch Edit O Keefe v Calwell 1 is a High Court of Australia case O Keefe v CalwellCourtHigh Court of AustraliaDecided18 March 1949Citation s 1949 HCA 6 1949 77 CLR 261Court membershipJudge s sittingLatham CJ Rich Dixon McTiernan Williams and Webb JJ Annie O Keefe was a Dutch subject born in the Netherlands East Indies and one of 15 000 people who were evacuated to Australia from nearby countries during World War II and given sanctuary She arrived in Australia in September 1942 and settled in the outer Melbourne community of Bonbeach She married an Australian believing that the marriage would also allow her remain but the government issued a deportation order for Annie and the children in January 1949 Public support allowed her to challenge the deportation order 2 The High Court ruled in favour of O Keefe This was because she had not formally been given the status of a prohibited immigrant when she was allowed to enter Australia with a certificate of exemption so the expiration of the certificate did not make her liable to deportation as a prohibited immigrant Nor could she be declared a prohibited immigrant more than five years after being allowed into the country The case proved the Aliens Deportation Act 1948 a failure leading the Minister for Immigration Arthur Calwell to push forward with the War time Refugees Removal Act 1949 3 The action in the High Court was the first successful legal challenge to the White Australia Policy 2 References Edit O Keefe v Calwell 1949 HCA 6 1949 77 CLR 261 18 March 1949 High Court a b Power Paul 18 March 2014 How one refugee signalled the end of the White Australia policy The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Retrieved 29 January 2020 Immigration control and deportation press files anu edu au Retrieved 29 January 2020 This article related to Australian law is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title O 27Keefe v Calwell amp oldid 1033043938, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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