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Ossian Cole Simonds

Ossian Cole Simonds (November 11, 1855 – November 20, 1931), often known as O. C. Simonds, was an American landscape designer. He preferred the term 'landscape gardener' to that of 'landscape architect'. A number of Simonds' works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

Ossian Cole Simonds
Born1855
Died1931
Alma materUniversity of Michigan
OccupationLandscape designer

Contents

Simonds was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan on November 11, 1855 where he developed a love of nature through his explorations of its woods. From 1874-1878 studied civil engineering at the University of Michigan and, briefly, architecture with William Le Baron Jenney.

In 1878, Simonds joined Jenney's architectural practice in Chicago. His first project was Graceland Cemetery where he learned naturalistic English-style landscape design. Through Jenney's tutelage, he learned how to use native plants in landscape design, an unusual practice at the time. He studied local woods, hydrology, and topography leading him to be credited with the creation of the Prairie Style along with Jens Jensen, and Walter Burley Griffin. In 1880, Graceland was increasingly deferring to Simonds about the amount of work and money required to develop the property's eastern section before Jenney which led to ending Jenney's involvement in the project. This led to Simonds establishing the firm of Holabird & Simonds to carry out the work. In 1881, Martin Roche, who had also worked in Jenney's office, joined them as a third partner. In 1883, Simonds left the firm to concentrate solely to become the superintendent at Graceland. His work at Graceland led him to be called the "dean of cemetery design." In 1897, he left his position at Graceland but continued to be their landscape consultant for the rest of his career. In 1900, the cemetery was awarded a silver medal at the Exposition Universelle in Paris for its landscape and later a Medal of Honor by the Architectural League of New York in 1925.

In 1888, Ossian Cole Simonds' first project after Graceland was to create a site plan for Fort Sheridan which was to include a parade ground for drills. Simonds used a natural ravine to boarder the meadow created for the purpose. A scenic drive was incorporated into the plan which showcased natural vistas and brick and stone officers' housing. The effect of the plan was lauded as picturesque and charming.

In 1899, he was a founding member of the American Society of Landscape Architects, and served as its president in 1913.

In 1903, Simonds formed Simonds and Company and was awarded the redesign and extension of Chicago's Lincoln Park with Bryan Lathrop and Francis T. Simmons. The plan was to double the parks 275 acres by extending it into Lake Michigan and later extended it north approximately 1,000 acres. To update the older sections, he incorporated winding pathways and facilities so as not to compromise the landscape. He relied on natural topography to create naturalistic "rooms" and scenic meadow vistas. He also designed golf courses, Belle Meade, city parks, town plans, universities including Iowa State and the University of Maryland, residences, and private estates around the country.

In 1920, Simonds authored Landscape Gardening. In the book, he lays out his approach to landscape design which looks to nature to inform the design. This included the use of native plants, the use of greenways, and warning of urban sprawl. He also founded the Chair of Landscape Design at the University of Michigan (U of M). In 1929, he was honored with a master's of arts from U of M.

Simonds died November 20, 1931 after an extended illness in Chicago.

  1. Tishler, William H. (2004). Midwestern Landscape Architecture. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252072147.
  2. "O.C. SIMONDS DEAD; LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT; Had Planned Parks and Estates in All Parts of the Country for Several Decades". NY Times. November 22, 1931. Retrieved2019-11-12.
  3. "O.C. Simonds | The Cultural Landscape Foundation". tclf.org. Retrieved2019-11-12.
  4. Vernon, Christopher (2011). Graceland Cemetery: A Design History. Univ of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 9781558499263.
  5. KARSON, ROBIN (2010). "Layers of Invention at GRACELAND CEMETERY". View (10): 4–7. ISSN 1550-5545. JSTOR 24708041.
  6. Ossian Cole Simonds (1920). Landscape-gardening. University of Michigan. The Macmillan company.
  7. "Landscape-Gardening (1920) – HFS Books". www.hfsbooks.com. Retrieved2019-11-12.
  8. HUBBARD, HENRY V.; EVISON, HERBERT; BLAIR, ERLE O.; NEWTON, NORMAN T.; JENKINS, RICHARD C.; GRIMINGER, CARROLL C.; PRELLWITZ, EDWIN MITCHILL (1932). "A. S. L. A. Notes". Landscape Architecture. 22 (3): 230–241. ISSN 0023-8031. JSTOR 44661073.
  9. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  10. "Pier Cove History". Pier Cove Ravine Trust. Retrieved2021-06-22.
  • Mara Geldbloom, Ossian Simonds: Prairie Spirit in Landscape Gardening, in: The Prairie School Review 12, 2 (1975).
  • Robert E. Grese, Ossian Cole Simonds, in: William H. Tishler (Ed.), American Landscape Architecture. Designers and Places, Washington, D. C., Preservation Press 1989.
  • Julia Sniderman Bachrach, Ossian Cole Simonds: Conservation Ethic in the Prairie Style, in: William H. Tishler (Ed.), Midwestern Landscape Architecture, University of Illinois 2000.
  • Geiger, Barbara, Low-Key Genius: The Life and Work of Landscape-Gardener O.C. Simonds, Ferme Ornee 2011

Ossian Cole Simonds
Ossian Cole Simonds Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from O C Simonds Ossian Cole Simonds November 11 1855 November 20 1931 often known as O C Simonds was an American landscape designer He preferred the term landscape gardener to that of landscape architect A number of Simonds works are listed on the U S National Register of Historic Places NRHP Ossian Cole SimondsBorn1855 Grand Rapids Michigan U S Died1931Alma materUniversity of MichiganOccupationLandscape designer Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Landscape design 4 References 5 Further readingEarly life and education EditSimonds was born in Grand Rapids Michigan on November 11 1855 where he developed a love of nature through his explorations of its woods 1 2 From 1874 1878 studied civil engineering at the University of Michigan and briefly architecture with William Le Baron Jenney 3 Career EditIn 1878 Simonds joined Jenney s architectural practice in Chicago His first project was Graceland Cemetery where he learned naturalistic English style landscape design Through Jenney s tutelage he learned how to use native plants in landscape design an unusual practice at the time He studied local woods hydrology and topography leading him to be credited with the creation of the Prairie Style along with Jens Jensen and Walter Burley Griffin 3 In 1880 Graceland was increasingly deferring to Simonds about the amount of work and money required to develop the property s eastern section before Jenney which led to ending Jenney s involvement in the project This led to Simonds establishing the firm of Holabird amp Simonds to carry out the work 3 4 In 1881 Martin Roche who had also worked in Jenney s office joined them as a third partner In 1883 Simonds left the firm to concentrate solely to become the superintendent at Graceland 3 His work at Graceland led him to be called the dean of cemetery design 1 In 1897 he left his position at Graceland but continued to be their landscape consultant for the rest of his career 3 1 In 1900 the cemetery was awarded a silver medal at the Exposition Universelle in Paris for its landscape and later a Medal of Honor by the Architectural League of New York in 1925 5 In 1888 Ossian Cole Simonds first project after Graceland was to create a site plan for Fort Sheridan which was to include a parade ground for drills Simonds used a natural ravine to boarder the meadow created for the purpose A scenic drive was incorporated into the plan which showcased natural vistas and brick and stone officers housing The effect of the plan was lauded as picturesque and charming 1 In 1899 he was a founding member of the American Society of Landscape Architects and served as its president in 1913 3 In 1903 Simonds formed Simonds and Company and was awarded the redesign and extension of Chicago s Lincoln Park with Bryan Lathrop and Francis T Simmons The plan was to double the parks 275 acres by extending it into Lake Michigan and later extended it north approximately 1 000 acres To update the older sections he incorporated winding pathways and facilities so as not to compromise the landscape He relied on natural topography to create naturalistic rooms and scenic meadow vistas 1 He also designed golf courses Belle Meade city parks town plans universities including Iowa State and the University of Maryland residences and private estates around the country 3 1 In 1920 Simonds authored Landscape Gardening 6 In the book he lays out his approach to landscape design which looks to nature to inform the design This included the use of native plants the use of greenways and warning of urban sprawl 7 He also founded the Chair of Landscape Design at the University of Michigan U of M In 1929 he was honored with a master s of arts from U of M 8 Simonds died November 20 1931 after an extended illness in Chicago 2 Landscape design EditCummer Gardens 829 Riverside Ave Jacksonville FL Simonds Ossian Cole NRHP listed 9 Lake Forest Cemetery 1525 N Lake Rd Lake Forest IL Simonds Ossian Cole NRHP listed 9 Library Park 711 59th Place Kenosha WI Simonds Ossian Cole NRHP listed 9 Lincoln Park 2045 Lincoln Park W Chicago IL Simonds Ossian Cole NRHP listed 9 Riverview Park 2000 Harrison Hill Hannibal MO Simonds Ossian Cole NRHP listed 9 Sharon Cemetery County Road J40 Farmington IA Simonds O C NRHP listed 9 Tenney Park Yahara River Parkway 1220 E Johnson St 501 S Thornton Ave Madison WI Simonds Ossian Cole NRHP listed 9 Washington Park Bounded by Fayette Ave Williams Blvd Walnut St MacArthur Blvd S Grand Ave and Chatham Rd Springfield IL Simonds Ossian Cole NRHP listed 9 Hill House Mill Neck NY Residence of Anton Gysberti Hodenpyl Cedar Bend Nature Area 1495 Cedar Bend Dr Ann Arbor MI 48109 Brucemore a site of the National Trust for Historic Preservation 2160 Linden Dr SE Cedar Rapids IA 52403 Pier Cove Ravine a nature reserve on the shores of Lake Michigan south of Saugatuck MI and west of Fennville MI at approximately 2308 Lakeshore Dr Fennville MI 49408 10 References Edit a b c d e f Tishler William H 2004 Midwestern Landscape Architecture University of Illinois Press ISBN 9780252072147 a b O C SIMONDS DEAD LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT Had Planned Parks and Estates in All Parts of the Country for Several Decades NY Times November 22 1931 Retrieved 2019 11 12 a b c d e f g O C Simonds The Cultural Landscape Foundation tclf org Retrieved 2019 11 12 Vernon Christopher 2011 Graceland Cemetery A Design History Univ of Massachusetts Press ISBN 9781558499263 KARSON ROBIN 2010 Layers of Invention at GRACELAND CEMETERY View 10 4 7 ISSN 1550 5545 JSTOR 24708041 Ossian Cole Simonds 1920 Landscape gardening University of Michigan The Macmillan company Landscape Gardening 1920 HFS Books www hfsbooks com Retrieved 2019 11 12 HUBBARD HENRY V EVISON HERBERT BLAIR ERLE O NEWTON NORMAN T JENKINS RICHARD C GRIMINGER CARROLL C PRELLWITZ EDWIN MITCHILL 1932 A S L A Notes Landscape Architecture 22 3 230 241 ISSN 0023 8031 JSTOR 44661073 a b c d e f g h National Register Information System National Register of Historic Places National Park Service July 9 2010 Pier Cove History Pier Cove Ravine Trust Retrieved 2021 06 22 Further reading EditMara Geldbloom Ossian Simonds Prairie Spirit in Landscape Gardening in The Prairie School Review 12 2 1975 Robert E Grese Ossian Cole Simonds in William H Tishler Ed American Landscape Architecture Designers and Places Washington D C Preservation Press 1989 Julia Sniderman Bachrach Ossian Cole Simonds Conservation Ethic in the Prairie Style in William H Tishler Ed Midwestern Landscape Architecture University of Illinois 2000 Geiger Barbara Low Key Genius The Life and Work of Landscape Gardener O C Simonds Ferme Ornee 2011 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Ossian Cole Simonds amp oldid 1035972111, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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