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Oakland Coliseum

This article is about the outdoor stadium. For the adjacent indoor arena, see Oakland Arena.

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Oakland Coliseum, branded as RingCentral Coliseum for naming rights reasons, is a multi-purpose stadium in Oakland, California. It is located on 7000 Coliseum Way, adjacent to the Oakland Arena (formerly Oracle Arena) along Interstate 880. It is the home field of the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball; as of 2017, its playing surface has been dedicated as Rickey Henderson Field, in honor of Hall of Famer and former Athletics left fielder Rickey Henderson.

Oakland Coliseum
RingCentral Coliseum
Oakland Coliseum in 2013
Oakland Coliseum
Location in Oakland
Show map of Oakland, California
Oakland Coliseum
Location in California
Show map of California
Oakland Coliseum
Location in the United States
Show map of the United States
Former namesOakland–Alameda County Coliseum (1966–1998, 2008–2011, 2016–2019, 2020)
Network Associates Coliseum (1998–2004)
McAfee Coliseum (2004–2008)
Overstock.com Coliseum (2011)
O.co Coliseum (2011–2016)
RingCentral Coliseum (2019–2020, 2020–)
Address7000 Coliseum Way
LocationOakland, California
Coordinates37°45′6″N122°12′2″W /37.75167°N 122.20056°W /37.75167; -122.20056Coordinates: 37°45′6″N122°12′2″W /37.75167°N 122.20056°W /37.75167; -122.20056
Public transit AC Transit: 45, 46, 46L, 73, 90, 98, 356, 646, 657, 805
Alameda County East Oakland Shuttle
Amtrak: Capitol Corridor at Oakland Coliseum
BART: at Coliseum
Harbor Bay Business Park Shuttle
OwnerOakland-Alameda County Coliseum Authority (City of Oakland and Alameda County)
OperatorAEG
CapacityBaseball: 46,847 (expandable to 56,782 without tarps)
American football: 56,057 (expandable to 63,132)
Soccer: 47,416 or 63,132 (depending on configuration)
Record attendanceBaseball: 56,310 (July 21, 2018, Athletics vs Giants) Football: 62,784 (January 14, 2001, Raiders vs Ravens)
Field sizeLeft field 330 feet (101 m)
Left center 388 feet (118 m)
Center field 400 feet (122 m)
Right center 388 feet (118 m)
Right field 330 feet (101 m)
Backstop 60 feet (18 m)
SurfaceTifway II Bermuda Grass
Scoreboard36 feet (11 m) high by 145 feet (44 m) wide
Construction
Broke groundApril 15, 1964; 57 years ago (April 15, 1964)
OpenedSeptember 18, 1966; 55 years ago (September 18, 1966)
Renovated1995–1996
Construction cost$25.5 million
($203 million in 2020 dollars)

$200 million (1995–96 renovation)
($330 million in 2020 dollars)
ArchitectSkidmore, Owings & Merrill
HNTB (1995–96 renovation)
Structural engineerAmmann & Whitney
Services engineerSyska & Hennessy, Inc.
General contractorGuy F. Atkinson Company
Tenants
Oakland Athletics (MLB) 1968–present
Oakland Raiders (AFL/NFL) 1966–1981, 1995–2019
Oakland Clippers (NPSL/NASL) 1967–1968
Oakland Stompers (NASL) 1978
Oakland Invaders (USFL) 1983–1985
San Jose Earthquakes (MLS) 2008–2009
Website
www.coliseum.com

It was formerly the home of the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League from 1966 until 1981 (when the team moved to Los Angeles), and again from 1995 until 2019 (when the team moved to Las Vegas), which made it the last remaining stadium in the United States shared by professional baseball and football teams. It has also occasionally been used for soccer, including hosting selected San Jose Earthquakes matches in 2008 and 2009, and during the 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup.

The Coliseum has a seating capacity of up to 63,132 depending on its configuration; an upper deck dubbed "Mount Davis" by fans was added as part of a 1996 renovation for the Raiders' return to Oakland. In 2006, citing a desire to provide a more "intimate" environment, the Athletics blocked off the entirety of the Coliseum's third deck during its games, which artificially limited its capacity to 34,077 (making it the smallest stadium in Major League Baseball). In 2013, the Raiders also began to restrict their use of Mount Davis due to the NFL's blackout rules, reducing football capacity by around 11,000. In 2017 under new ownership, the Athletics began to reopen some of the sections in the third deck, and open the Mount Davis deck for selected marquee games.

While an NFL venue, the stadium was the second-smallest NFL stadium, larger only than Dignity Health Sports Park, the former temporary home of the Los Angeles Chargers.

Contents

The Coliseum features an underground design where the playing surface is not only below ground level, it is 21 feet (6.4 m) below sea level. Consequently, fans entering the stadium find themselves walking on to the main concourse of the stadium at the top of the first level of seats. This, combined with the hill that was built around the stadium to create the upper concourse, means that only the third deck is visible from outside the park. This gives the Coliseum the illusion of being a short stadium from the outside.[citation needed]

  • Oakland Coliseum during a football game.

Planning and construction

Business and political leaders in Oakland had long been in competition with neighboring San Francisco, as well as other cities in the West, and worked for Oakland and its greater East Bay suburbs to be recognized nationally as a viable metropolitan area with its own identity and reputation, distinct and separate from that of San Francisco. Professional sports was seen as a primary way for the East Bay to gain such recognition. As a result, the desire for a major league stadium in the city of Oakland intensified during the 1950s and 1960s.[citation needed]

By 1960, a non-profit corporation was formed to oversee the financing and development of the facility rather than city or county government issuing taxpayer-backed bonds for construction. Local real estate developer Robert T. Nahas headed this group, which included other prominent East Bay business leaders such as former US Senator William Knowland and Edgar F. Kaiser, and which later became the governing board of the Coliseum upon completion. It was Nahas' idea that the Coliseum be privately financed with ownership transferring to the city and county upon retirement of the construction financing.[full citation needed]

Nahas served 20 years as President of the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Board. On the death of Nahas, Jack Maltester, a former San Leandro mayor and Coliseum board member, said, "If not for Bob Nahas, there would be no Coliseum, it's really that simple." Nahas had to be a diplomat dealing with the egos of Raiders owner Al Davis, Athletics owner Charles O. Finley, and Warriors owner Franklin Mieuli.

Preliminary architectural plans were unveiled in November 1960, and the following month a site was chosen west of the Elmhurst district of East Oakland alongside the recently completed Nimitz Freeway. A downtown site adjacent to Lake Merritt and the Oakland Auditorium was also originally considered. The Port of Oakland played a key role in selection of the East Oakland site. The Port gave 157 acres (64 ha) at the head of San Leandro Bay to the East Bay Regional Park District, in exchange for 105 acres (42 ha) of park land across the freeway. The Port then donated that land to the City of Oakland as the site for the complex.

The Oakland Raiders of the American Football League moved to Frank Youell Field, a makeshift stadium near downtown Oakland, in 1962, and the Coliseum was already being heralded in the local media as the Raiders' future permanent home. Baseball was also a major factor in the planning of the Coliseum. As early as 1961, the American League publicly indicated that it wished to include Oakland in its West Coast expansion plans. In 1963, American League president Joe Cronin suggested that Coliseum officials model some aspects of the new ballpark after Dodger Stadium, which impressed him, though these expansion plans seemed to fade by the middle of the decade.

After approval from the city of Oakland as well as Alameda County by 1962, $25 million in financing was arranged. Plans were drawn for a stadium, an indoor arena, and an exhibition hall in between them. The architect of record was the San Francisco office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill with Myron Goldsmith the principal design architect and the general contractor was Guy F. Atkinson Company. Preliminary site preparation began in the summer of 1961. Construction began in the spring of 1962. The construction schedule was delayed for two years due to various legal issues and cost overruns; the original design had to be modified slightly to stay within budget.

In 1965, it was rumored that the Cleveland Indians might leave Cleveland for a West Coast city (such as Oakland), but the Indians stayed in Cleveland. Charlie Finley, owner of the Kansas City Athletics, unhappy in Kansas City, was impressed by Oakland's new stadium and personally convinced to consider Oakland by Nahas. After several unsuccessful attempts and amid considerable controversy, Finley eventually got permission to relocate the Athletics to Oakland in 1968. One year later, the A's replacement, the Kansas City Royals, began play as an expansion team.

Configurations

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The Coliseum as seen in its original open grandstand configuration before being enclosed.

In its baseball configuration, the Coliseum has the most foul territory of any ballpark in Major League Baseball. Thus, many balls that would reach the seats in other ballparks can be caught for outs at the Coliseum. The distance to the backstop was initially 90 feet (27 m), but was reduced to 60 feet (18 m) in 1969.

From 1968 through 1981 and in 1995, two football configurations were used at the stadium. During Raider preseason games and all regular season games played while the baseball season was still going on, the field was set up from home plate to center field (east/west). Seats that were down the foul lines for baseball games became the sideline seats for football games, which started up to 120 feet (37 m) away from the field (most football-only stadiums have sideline seats that start half that distance away). Once the A's season ended, the orientation was switched to north/south: i.e. the football field ran from the left field line to the right field line; seats were moved from behind first and third base to create corners for the end zone to fit into (these seats were then placed to fill in the space that was normally behind home plate and near the foul poles for baseball games). Temporary football bleachers were then added in front of the baseball bleachers to form the sideline on the east (visitors') side, and the baseball bleachers were not sold. Raiders season ticket holders would thus have two season ticket locations in different parts of the stadium that roughly corresponded to the same location in relation to the field. After stadium expansion in 1996, the field ran north/south throughout the season.

Seating capacity

Baseball
Years Capacity
1968–1976 50,000
1977–1980 49,649
1981–1982 50,255
1983–1984 50,219
1985 50,255
1986 50,219
1987 49,219
1988 50,219
1989 49,219
1990 48,219
1991 47,450
1992–1995 47,313
1996–1997 39,875
1998–2005 43,662
2006–2007 34,077
2008–2016 35,067
2017–2018 47,170
2019–present 46,867
Football
Years Capacity
1966–1972 54,587
1973–1974 54,041
1975–1976 54,037
1977–1988 54,615
1989–1995 54,444
1996–1998 63,026
1999–2012 63,132
2013 53,286
2014–2019 56,057

Stadium name changes

McAfee Coliseum Logo (2004–2008)
Logo (2008–2011)
Overstock.com Coliseum Logo (April–June 2011)
O.co Coliseum Logo (2011–2016)
Logo (2016–2019)

For more than its first three decades (1966–1998) the stadium was known as Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum.

In September 1997, UMAX Technologies agreed to acquire the naming rights to the stadium. However, following a dispute, a court decision reinstated the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum name. In 1998, Network Associates agreed to pay US$5.8 million over five years for the naming rights and the stadium became known as Network Associates Coliseum, or, alternately in marketing and media usage as, "the Net".

Network Associates renewed the contract in 2003 for an additional five years at a cost of $6 million. In mid-2004, Network Associates was renamed McAfee, restoring its name from before its 1997 merger with Network General, and the stadium was renamed McAfee Coliseum accordingly.

McAfee was offered a renewal of the naming contract in 2008, but it was declined. The name reverted to the pre-1997 name of Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum on September 19, 2008. The stadium retained its original name until April 27, 2011, when it was renamed Overstock.com Coliseum via a six-year, $7.2 million naming rights deal with online retailer Overstock.com.

The Coliseum was renamed O.co Coliseum on June 6, 2011, after Overstock.com's marketing name. However, due to a contract dispute with the Athletics regarding the Overstock/O.co naming rights deal, the A's continued to refer to the stadium as the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum in all official team communications and on team websites.

Overstock opted out of the final year on their naming rights deal on April 2, 2016, and the stadium once again became the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum.

The Athletics dedicated the Coliseum's playing surface "Rickey Henderson Field" in honor of MLB Hall of Famer and former Athletic Rickey Henderson as part of Opening Day on April 3, 2017.

RingCentral placed a bid for the naming rights on May 14, 2019, for a $1 million annual payment. The Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Authority gave its approval of the new naming-rights deal on May 31, 2019 pending formal approval from Major League Baseball. New signage was in place by the time that the Golden State Warriors hosted the 2019 NBA Finals at the neighboring Oracle Arena on June 5.

However, in August 2019, the head of the Coliseum Authority, Scott McKibben, abruptly resigned his position after allegations emerged that he had requested a $50,000 fee from RingCentral in exchange for negotiating the naming rights deal. McKibben was subsequently charged by the Alameda County district attorney's office with violating conflict-of-interest laws, including one felony and one misdemeanor count. On January 17, 2020, the RingCentral naming rights deal was rescinded by the Coliseum Authority. In late 2020, a new three year naming rights deal with RingCentral was agreed to.

Eventual replacements

Athletics

A's owner Lewis Wolff made the first official proposal for a new ballpark in Oakland to the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Authority on August 12, 2005. The new stadium would have been located across 66th Avenue from the Coliseum in what is currently an industrial area north of the Coliseum. The park would have held 35,000 fans, making it the smallest park in the major leagues. Plans for the Oakland location fell through in early 2006 when several of the owners of the land proposed for the new ballpark decided not to sell.[citation needed]

The Coliseum in 1981 before construction of the Mount Davis structure (top) and Mt. Davis during baseball season in 2006, with tarp-covered upper deck (middle); the structure during football season. (bottom)

Throughout 2006, the Athletics continued to search for a ballpark site within their designated territory of Alameda County. Late in 2006, rumors began to circulate regarding a 143-acre (58 ha) parcel of land in Fremont being the new site. These rumors were confirmed by the Fremont city council on November8 of that year. Wolff met with the council that day to present his plan to move the A's to Fremont into a soon to be built ballpark named Cisco Field. Wolff and Cisco Systems conducted a press conference at the San Jose-based headquarters of Cisco Systems on November 14, 2006 to confirm the deal, and showcase some details of the future plan. However, on February 24, 2009, after delays and increased public opposition, the Athletics officially ended their search for a stadium site in Fremont. The Athletics later took their Cisco Field plan to a site in downtown San Jose located near SAP Center (home of the NHL's San Jose Sharks). The San Jose plan was opposed by the San Francisco Giants whose territory San Jose is in and on October 5, 2015, the United States Supreme Court rejected San Jose's bid on the Athletics.

During that time, the City of Oakland continued to propose new ballpark ideas that ranged from a proposal to build on a waterfront site in the Jack London Square area called Victory Court to a three stadium proposal called Coliseum City on the Coliseum site. Both plans went nowhere.

The Athletics signed a ten-year lease to stay in Oakland and at the Coliseum on July 22, 2014. The deal required that the team look into a new stadium, but only in the city limits, which made it more difficult for the Raiders to tear the Coliseum down for a football-only facility. The A's began talks with an architect on August 6, 2014, to build a baseball-only stadium at the Coliseum site, according to Wolff.

Going into 2016, John J. Fisher took majority control of the team and made Dave Kaval team president and the person in charge of the stadium hunt. On September 12, 2017, it was announced that a site near Laney College and the Eastlake neighborhood had been chosen for the new ballpark (tentatively called Oakland Ballpark) with the A's proposing to construct a 35,000 seat stadium on the site of the college's administrative buildings which the A's would relocate to a spot of the college's choosing. However, the Laney College Board of Trustees abruptly ended talks with the Athletics in December 2017. The surprised A's were forced to look at alternatives for a new stadium location.

On November 28, 2018, the Athletics announced that the team had chosen to build its 34,000-seat new ballpark at the Howard Terminal site at the Port of Oakland. The team also announced its intent to purchase the coliseum site and make the site into a tech and housing hub, preserving Oracle Arena and reducing the Coliseum to a low-rise sports park as San Francisco did with Kezar Stadium.

A turning point came in spring 2021, when Commissioner Rob Manfred suggested that the A's look into relocation to another city after the Howard Terminal plans stalled. However, the A's said that they remain committed to staying in Oakland, and will continue their efforts to get the new ballpark built.

Athletics Coliseum redevelopment plan

The Coliseum, along with Oracle Arena and its surrounding parking lots, are owned 50% by the City of Oakland and 50% by the Athletics. The Athletics purchased their 50% share in 2018 from Alameda County, after the City of Oakland dropped a lawsuit that attempted to block the sale. As of July 2021, two Black-led redevelopment groups were vying for the chance to purchase the City's half of the site, one led by the African American Sports and Entertainment Group and the other by Dave Stewart and Lonnie Murray.

Raiders

Under any such replacement proposals, the Oakland Raiders would have presumably continued to play football in the Coliseum, although there were proposals for the Raiders to play at Levi's Stadium, the home of the San Francisco 49ers in Santa Clara as well as rumors regarding the Raiders' possible return to Los Angeles.

The Raiders proposed a 50,000-seat stadium in the same spot of the Coliseum in 2013. It would have cost $800 million, with $300 million coming from the Raiders, $200 million coming from the NFL's stadium loan program, and the final $300 million coming from the city.

After the failure of the stadium plan, Raiders owner Mark Davis met with officials with the city of San Antonio on July 29, 2014, to discuss moving the Raiders to the city in time for the 2015 season; they would have temporarily played home games at the Alamodome until a new permanent stadium was built.

On September 3, 2014, the city of Oakland claimed it had reached a tentative deal to build a new football stadium in Oakland, which would have resulted in the Coliseum being demolished. The claim was met with silence from the Raiders, who continued to explore San Antonio, and opposition from Alameda County.

On February 19, 2015, the Raiders and the San Diego Chargers announced plans for a privately financed $1.7 billion stadium that the two teams would have built in Carson upon being approved to move to the Los Angeles market. Both teams said they would continue to attempt to get stadiums built in their respective cities. The stadium was approved by the Carson City Council but was defeated by the NFL who voted in favor of building SoFi Stadium and relocating the St. Louis Rams back to Los Angeles with the Chargers as the second LA team.

In January 2016, Mark Davis met with Las Vegas Sands owner Sheldon Adelson about building a domed stadium on the UNLV campus for the Raiders and the UNLV Rebels. The stadium location was later moved to a site across Interstate 15 from Mandalay Bay. After the approval of $750 million from the state of Nevada and backing from Bank of America after Adelson pulled out of the project, the Raiders submitted papers for relocation to Las Vegas in January 2017, and on March 27, 2017, the Raiders' relocation to Las Vegas was approved. The team planned to continue to play at the Coliseum through the 2019 NFL season and relocate to Las Vegas in 2020. In December 2018, the city of Oakland sued the Raiders and all the other NFL teams for millions in unpaid debts and financial damages, which prompted Raiders management to declare that the team was leaving after the 2018 season. After the San Francisco 49ers blocked an attempt by the Raiders to relocate to Oracle Park for the 2019 season, the Raiders and Coliseum Authority reached an agreement in principle on February 25, 2019 to allow the Raiders to return to the Coliseum for 2019 with a provision for 2020 in case completion of the Las Vegas Stadium was delayed; the Coliseum Authority approved the lease on March 15 while the Alameda County Board of Supervisors and Oakland City Council voted in favor of the lease on March 19 and 21, respectively. On January 22, 2020, the Raiders officially moved to Las Vegas becoming the Las Vegas Raiders.

1960s

In November 1969 the Rolling Stones performed two shows at the stadium. The bootleg recording of the show was titled Live'r Than You'll Ever Be.[citation needed]

Raiders and A's move in

The Raiders played their first game at the stadium on September 18, 1966. In 1968, the Kansas City Athletics moved to Oakland and began play at the stadium. The Athletics' first game was played on April 17, 1968. The stadium complex cost $25.5 million ($203 million adjusted for inflation) to build and rests on 120 acres (49 ha) of land. On April 17, 1968, Boog Powell hit the first major league home run in the history of the Coliseum. On May8 of that year, Catfish Hunter pitched the ninth perfect game in Major League history at the Coliseum. The Coliseum hosted the 1967 and 1969 AFL championship games. Additionally, the venue had hosted the second match of the NPSL Final 1967.

1970s

The Black Hole (sections 104, 105, 106, and 107) during a Raiders home game against the Atlanta Falcons on November 2, 2008

From 1970 to 1972 the stadium hosted three college football benefit games featuring Bay Area schools versus historically black colleges.[citation needed]

The Coliseum hosted the 1971 East–West Shrine Game on January 2, 1971.[citation needed] In 1972, the Athletics won their first of three straight World Series championships and their first since their years in Philadelphia.

The awkwardness of the baseball–football conversion, as well as the low seating capacity (around 54,000 for football) and that the prime seating on the east side consisted of temporary bleachers led the Raiders to explore other stadium options. One such option was Memorial Stadium on the UC Berkeley campus. Several preseason games were played there in the early 1970s along with one regular season game in 1973 (a 12–7 victory over the Miami Dolphins during September while the A's regular season was going on). However, in response to traffic and parking issues associated with these games (while Cal games drew a large number of students who live on or near campus and walk to the games, Raiders games attracted fans from a larger geographic area who were used to tailgating at the Coliseum and were more likely to drive to games), the City of Berkeley passed a Professional Sports Events License Tax in which the city collected 10% of all gate receipts, making the staging of professional games inside the city cost-prohibitive. The Raiders were granted an injunction from the city collecting the tax, arguing that the tax was a regulatory measure rather than a revenue measure, and was therefore an improper regulation on land held in trust by the Regents of the University of California. However, the grant of the injunction was reversed by the California Court of Appeals, who found it to be a revenue measure, despite the fact that the city had made the measure immediately effective "due to danger to the public peace, health, and safety of the City of Berkeley as a result of the holding of professional sports events there".

The stadium was not well maintained for most of the late 1970s. Its condition was most noticeable during baseball season, when crowds for A's games twice numbered fewer than 1,000. On April 17, 1979, only 653 fans attended the game versus the Seattle Mariners. During this time, it was popularly known as the "Oakland Mausoleum".[citation needed]

1980s

An A's game at the Coliseum in 1985

In 1980, the Raiders won Super Bowl XV. Two years later, the Raiders moved to Los Angeles, leaving the A's as the only remaining tenants of Oakland Coliseum. Only days later, Finley agreed to sell the A's to Marvin Davis, who planned to move the A's to Denver. However, city and county officials were not about to lose Oakland's status as a major league city in its own right, and refused to let the A's out of their lease. Finley sold the team instead to the owners of San Francisco-based Levi Strauss & Co.[citation needed] After the 1986 Major League Baseball season, the original scoreboards were replaced. A new American Sign and Indicator scoreboard and message center was installed behind the left field bleachers, while the original right field scoreboard was replaced with a manually operated out-of-town scoreboard. Between the centerfield flagpoles, a new Diamond Vision video screen was installed.[citation needed]

The 1987 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was held at the stadium. From 1988 to 1990, the venue saw three more World Series. In 1989, the Athletics won their 4th Series since moving to Oakland, sweeping the San Francisco Giants in the earthquake-interrupted "Battle of the Bay" Series.[citation needed]

1990s

In the 1990s, several major concerts were held, but these were not "Days on the Green", by definition, because they occurred at night.[citation needed]

In July 1995, the Raiders agreed to return to Oakland provided that Oakland Coliseum underwent renovations. In November 1995, those renovations commenced and continued through the next summer until the beginning of the 1996 football season (more info below). The new layout also had the somewhat peculiar effect of creating an inward jog in the outfield fence, in left center and right center. There are now three distance markers instead of one, at various points of the power alleys, as indicated in the dimensions grid. The Raiders' return also heralded the creation of the "Black Hole", a highly recognizable group of fans who occupied one end zone seating during football games.[citation needed]

2000s

On April 2, 2006, the broadcast booth was renamed in honor of the late Bill King, a legendary Bay Area sportscaster who was the play-by-play voice of the A's, Raiders and Warriors for 44 years.[citation needed]

San Jose Earthquakes of Major League Soccer, announced in November 2007 that they would be playing their "big draw" games, such as those featuring David Beckham and the Los Angeles Galaxy, at the stadium instead of their then-home Buck Shaw Stadium (capacity roughly 10,000) in Santa Clara. Since then the Quakes moved to their new home of Avaya Stadium and play their bigger games in nearby Stanford Stadium.[citation needed]

Midway through the decade, the stadium established a "no re-entry" policy. Each ticket can be used only once, after which a second ticket must be purchased in order to re-enter the Coliseum.[citation needed]

2010s

On May 9, 2010, almost 42 years to the day of Catfish Hunter's perfect game, Dallas Braden pitched the 19th perfect game in Major League history at the Coliseum. A commemorative graphic was placed on the baseball outfield wall next to Rickey Henderson's retired number on May 17, their next home game.[citation needed]

With the Miami Marlins opening their own ballpark in 2012, the stadium became the last remaining venue in the United States that hosted both a Major League Baseball and a National Football League team.

As part of a new ten-year lease signed by the Athletics with the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Authority in 2014, the Oakland Coliseum had a new $10 million scoreboard system (two large outfield scoreboards, 36 feet tall and 145 feet wide, and two ribbon scoreboards) installed for the start of the 2015 MLB season. Also part of the new lease, the Coliseum Authority agreed to pay $1million a year, with five percent annual increases, into a fund to maintain the stadium.

For the 2017 Major League Baseball season, the tarp covering a large amount of the baseball configuration has been removed, increasing the capacity to over 47,000 for the first time since 1995. The tarp remains on the football-only Mt. Davis.[citation needed]

From 2016 onward, the A's have invested heavily in improvements to the Coliseum. In 2017 the team created a new outdoor plaza area with food trucks and lawn games, called Championship Plaza. The West Side Club was also entirely renovated and rebranded into Shibe Park Tavern (after their former home park in Philadelphia), the Coliseum's new destination restaurant and bar with more than twenty different beers on tap. In 2018, the A's created a brand new destination indoor/outdoor bar concept in the left field corner called The Treehouse. The Treehouse has brought a new demographic of fans to the Coliseum through nightly themed discounts and through its innovative subscription ticketing product, the Treehouse Pass.

On April 17, 2018, the Athletics opened the gates to the Coliseum for a free admission game versus the Chicago White Sox. It was the 50th anniversary of the club's first game played in Oakland back on April 17, 1968. 46,028 fans were on hand for the 10–2 Athletics victory and Kaval called the game "a gift to Oakland".[citation needed]

On December 15, 2019, the Raiders played their last scheduled game at the Coliseum, losing to the Jacksonville Jaguars by a score of 20–16, giving up 17 unanswered points in the second half. Fans booed the team as they exited the field for the last time.

2020s

On September 6, 2020, the San Diego Padres and the Athletics played in the warmest game in the Coliseum's history. The game was played in 94-degree heat.

Concerts

Commencing in 1973, the stadium hosted an annual Day on the Green concert series, presented by Bill Graham and his company Bill Graham Presents, which continued on into the early 1990s.[citation needed]

In January 1974, singer Marvin Gaye used the stadium as the site for his comeback to the performance stage. His acclaimed performance was later released for the live album, Marvin Gaye Live!.

Led Zeppelin played what turned out to be their final North American concerts with twin shows during their 1977 North American Tour. Following the second show Bill Graham barred the band from the venue and his other managed venues in response to the band's manager Peter Grant, drummer John Bonham and security 'co-ordinator' John Bindon's brutal assault on one of Graham's security employees during the first show, following the employee's refusal to allow Grant's 11-year-old son Warren to take an item belonging to the venue as memorabilia. The death of Plant's young son Karac three days later and the resulting cancellation of the remaining tour dates rendered Graham's action academic.

Parliament-Funkadelic brought the P-Funk Earth Tour to the Coliseum on January 21, 1977. Their performance was recorded and released as a double LP set entitled Live: P-Funk Earth Tour.

The stadium played host to Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on September 23, 1988. The show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and also featured Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Tracy Chapman, Youssou N'Dour, Roy Orbison and Joan Baez.[citation needed]

Metallica and Guns N' Roses brought the Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour to the Coliseum on September 24, 1992, with Body Count as their opening act.[citation needed]

U2 played two nights in June 1997 at the Oakland Coliseum as part of their PopMart tour. They were supported by Oasis, one of the first shows of their Be Here Now tour.[citation needed]

The stadium played host to The Gigantour on September 8, 2006, featuring performances by Megadeth, Lamb of God, Opeth, Arch Enemy, Overkill, Into Eternity, Sanctity and The SmashUp.

U2 performed during their 360° Tour on June 7, 2011, with Lenny Kravitz and Moonalice as their opening acts. The show was originally scheduled to take place on June 16, 2010, but was postponed, due to Bono's emergency back surgery.

On August 5, 2017, Green Day played a homecoming concert at the Coliseum. The show was part of the band's summer tour in support of their third number1 album, Revolution Radio.

The stadium holds the distinction of hosting the most concerts by The Grateful Dead with 66 shows between 1979 and 1995.

In popular culture

The music video for the Huey Lewis & the News song "Jacob's Ladder" was shot at a concert at the Coliseum on December 31, 1986.

Richard Marx shot the video for "Take This Heart" on the baseball field of the Coliseum.[citation needed]

The stadium was the location for the 1994 Disney movie Angels in the Outfield. Although Angel Stadium of Anaheim (known as Anaheim Stadium at the time) was where the Angels actually played, it was damaged in the 1994 Southern California earthquake. Anaheim Stadium was used for views from the outside and aerial views, while the Coliseum was used for interior shots.[citation needed]

The Coliseum was also used for scenes in the 2011 film Moneyball.[citation needed]

The climax of the novel There There by Tommy Orange takes place in the Coliseum.

Other events

The stadium has hosted an AMA Supercross Championship round since 2011.

Date Competition Team Res Team Crowd
January 9, 2000 International Friendly Mexico 2–1 Iran 34,289

Baseball

In recent years, the Coliseum has been criticized as being one of the "worst stadiums in baseball". For instance, in 2011, Bleacher Report named it the fifth-worst stadium in the majors, partly due to its expansive foul territory. In 2017 The New York Times called the Coliseum "a bland, charmless concrete monstrosity" that "isn't worthy of preservation... perhaps America's most hated sports stadium".

Two years later, in another Times article, writer Jack Nicas not only defended the Coliseum against criticism, he argued that its perceived failings were actually strengths. "Yes, the Coliseum is ugly, but it is cheap, gritty and fun," he said. To his surprise, on moving to Oakland four years earlier, he had come to love the Coliseum as much as he had loved Fenway Park while growing up and while attending college in Boston, and Wrigley Field when he moved to Chicago after graduating college. If those parks were the baseball equivalent of classic pubs, Nicas wrote, "the Coliseum is baseball's last dive bar."

As a season ticket holder, Nicas got concessions at half price, leading to a combined cost of $7 for a hot dog and beer, a deal that he doubted could be matched anywhere else in the city. The Coliseum was also more spacious than Fenway or Wrigley, and while its expansive foul territory put fans at a distance it also allowed them more opportunities to see great catches by fielders. But while he found other A's fans who appreciated what the Coliseum had to offer and, like him, feared it would be lost in a new ballpark, he admitted those virtues had not drawn enough spectators to the Coliseum for the team to justify remaining there.

Public debt

A 1996 expansion of the stadium was funded by a controversial issuance—critics said that "(Oakland) Raiders' late owner, Al Davis, fleeced local officials at the expense of taxpayers"—of some $220 million of public debt by both Alameda County and the City of Oakland, resulting in substantial debt service payments for both governments. As of spring of 2018, the City of Oakland still owed $135 million for the expansion.

In December 2019, Alameda County officials announced the sale of the county's interest in the stadium to the Oakland A's baseball club, saying the $85 million deal would allow the county to pay off its share of the debt. In a joint statement, Supervisor Scott Haggerty and Supervisor Nate Miley noted that the two Supervisors "have led the negotiations and played instrumental roles in moving the sale of the county's share forward in the hope that, once finalized, the $85 million valuation will relieve the county of debt which has weighed on taxpayers for decades."

Mount Davis

Main article: Mount Davis (Oakland)
The Bill King Broadcast Booth, with a tarpaulin covering the third deck

One feature of the 1996 expansion was the addition of more than 10,000 seats in the upper deck that now spans the outfield in the baseball configuration, enclosing the stadium. Due to the stands' height and the loss of the Oakland hills view, A's fans have derisively nicknamed the structure "Mount Davis", after late Raiders owner Al Davis. It has been criticized as an area which has made the Oakland Coliseum look ever more like a football stadium, and not at all one for baseball. From 1997 to 2005, while the A's opened part of the upper deck for baseball, they did not count it as part of listed capacity; while the "official" capacity was 43,962, the "actual" capacity was 55,945.

In 2006, the Athletics covered the entire third deck with a tarp, reducing capacity to 34,077—the smallest capacity in MLB at the time. Even if a game was otherwise sold out, the A's would not sell any seats in the area. It would remain covered except if they made the World Series. The A's said that closing off the upper deck would create a "more intimate environment" for baseball. This drew criticism from fans, the Oakland City Council, and sports marketing analysts baffled at owner Lew Wolff's decision, with some stating that this was cover for a possible move to San Jose (see Cisco Field). There were 20,878 seats covered up by the tarp which would otherwise have been usable for baseball.

In February 2013, the Oakland Raiders announced that they would cover 11,000 seats in the Mount Davis section with a tarp; this reduced capacity to 53,250, making the coliseum by far the smallest in the NFL in seating capacity for its final years in the league (league rules required a minimum capacity of 50,000, and no other stadium, barring the temporary-used Dignity Health Sports Park, seated fewer than 61,000). This was done in order to potentially allow more Raiders games to be televised locally, as games are blacked out if less than 85% tickets are sold. Under NFL rules, the tarps had to stay in place all season long, even during the playoffs.

In 2017, new team President Dave Kaval decided to open several sections in the original third deck that were covered by tarps, though Mount Davis stayed tarped. This increased capacity by 12,103 to 47,170. The Athletics have since occasionally removed the tarp on Mount Davis for specific games, such as occasional Bay Bridge Series games against the San Francisco Giants, and the 2019 American League Wild Card Game against the Tampa Bay Rays. The latter set a record for attendance of a Wild Card Game, at 54,005.

Sewage

On June 16, 2013, following the game against the Seattle Mariners, the Coliseum experienced a severe sewage backup. This led to pipes leaking out puddles of sewage into the showers, offices, visitor training room and storage areas on the clubhouse level of the stadium, all of which are 3 feet (0.91 m) below sea level. After the game, the A's and Mariners were forced to share the Oakland Raiders locker room, located on the stadium's second floor. According to Coliseum officials, the stadium's aging plumbing system was overtaxed after a six-game homestand that drew close to baseball capacity crowds totaling 171,756 fans.

This was not the first time sewage problems cropped up at the stadium. For instance, on one occasion the Los Angeles Angels complained about E. coli in the visiting team's training room after a backup. Backups occur even when no events are taking place there. For instance, Lew Wolff wanted to go to dinner on June 12, 2013 (while the A's were on the road) at one of the Coliseum's restaurants, only to discover that food service had been halted due to a sewage leak in the kitchen.

The Coliseum during A's game in September 2008
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Events and tenants
Preceded by
Home of the Oakland Athletics
1968–present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Home of the Oakland Raiders
1966–1981
1995–2019
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Host of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game
1987
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Home of the
San Jose Earthquakes
(with Buck Shaw Stadium)

2008–2009
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Host of AFC Championship Game
1975
1977
2001
2003
Succeeded by

Oakland Coliseum
Oakland Coliseum Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from O co Coliseum This article is about the outdoor stadium For the adjacent indoor arena see Oakland Arena This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Oakland Coliseum news newspapers books scholar JSTOR November 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message Oakland Coliseum branded as RingCentral Coliseum for naming rights reasons is a multi purpose stadium in Oakland California It is located on 7000 Coliseum Way adjacent to the Oakland Arena formerly Oracle Arena along Interstate 880 It is the home field of the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball as of 2017 its playing surface has been dedicated as Rickey Henderson Field in honor of Hall of Famer and former Athletics left fielder Rickey Henderson Oakland ColiseumRingCentral ColiseumOakland Coliseum in 2013Oakland ColiseumLocation in OaklandShow map of Oakland CaliforniaOakland ColiseumLocation in CaliforniaShow map of CaliforniaOakland ColiseumLocation in the United StatesShow map of the United StatesFormer namesOakland Alameda County Coliseum 1966 1998 2008 2011 2016 2019 2020 Network Associates Coliseum 1998 2004 McAfee Coliseum 2004 2008 Overstock com Coliseum 2011 O co Coliseum 2011 2016 RingCentral Coliseum 2019 2020 2020 Address7000 Coliseum WayLocationOakland CaliforniaCoordinates37 45 6 N 122 12 2 W 37 75167 N 122 20056 W 37 75167 122 20056 Coordinates 37 45 6 N 122 12 2 W 37 75167 N 122 20056 W 37 75167 122 20056Public transitAC Transit 45 46 46L 73 90 98 356 646 657 805 Alameda County East Oakland Shuttle Amtrak Capitol Corridor at Oakland Coliseum BART Coliseum Oakland International Airport Line Dublin Pleasanton Daly City Line Berryessa North San Jose Richmond Line Berryessa North San Jose Daly City Line at Coliseum Harbor Bay Business Park ShuttleOwnerOakland Alameda County Coliseum Authority City of Oakland and Alameda County OperatorAEGCapacityBaseball 46 847 1 expandable to 56 782 without tarps 2 American football 56 057 3 expandable to 63 132 Soccer 47 416 or 63 132 depending on configuration Record attendanceBaseball 56 310 July 21 2018 Athletics vs Giants Football 62 784 January 14 2001 Raiders vs Ravens Field sizeLeft field 330 feet 101 m Left center 388 feet 118 m Center field 400 feet 122 m Right center 388 feet 118 m Right field 330 feet 101 m Backstop 60 feet 18 m SurfaceTifway II Bermuda GrassScoreboard36 feet 11 m high by 145 feet 44 m wideConstructionBroke groundApril 15 1964 57 years ago April 15 1964 4 OpenedSeptember 18 1966 55 years ago September 18 1966 Renovated1995 1996Construction cost 25 5 million 203 million in 2020 dollars 5 200 million 1995 96 renovation 330 million in 2020 dollars 5 ArchitectSkidmore Owings amp Merrill HNTB 1995 96 renovation Structural engineerAmmann amp Whitney 6 Services engineerSyska amp Hennessy Inc 7 General contractorGuy F Atkinson Company 4 TenantsOakland Athletics MLB 1968 present Oakland Raiders AFL NFL 1966 1981 1995 2019 Oakland Clippers NPSL NASL 1967 1968 Oakland Stompers NASL 1978 Oakland Invaders USFL 1983 1985 San Jose Earthquakes MLS 2008 2009 8 Websitewww wbr coliseum wbr com It was formerly the home of the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League from 1966 until 1981 when the team moved to Los Angeles and again from 1995 until 2019 when the team moved to Las Vegas which made it the last remaining stadium in the United States shared by professional baseball and football teams 9 It has also occasionally been used for soccer including hosting selected San Jose Earthquakes matches in 2008 and 2009 and during the 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup The Coliseum has a seating capacity of up to 63 132 depending on its configuration an upper deck dubbed Mount Davis by fans was added as part of a 1996 renovation for the Raiders return to Oakland In 2006 citing a desire to provide a more intimate environment the Athletics blocked off the entirety of the Coliseum s third deck during its games which artificially limited its capacity to 34 077 making it the smallest stadium in Major League Baseball In 2013 the Raiders also began to restrict their use of Mount Davis due to the NFL s blackout rules reducing football capacity by around 11 000 In 2017 under new ownership the Athletics began to reopen some of the sections in the third deck and open the Mount Davis deck for selected marquee games While an NFL venue the stadium was the second smallest NFL stadium larger only than Dignity Health Sports Park the former temporary home of the Los Angeles Chargers Contents 1 Design 2 Stadium history 2 1 Planning and construction 2 2 Configurations 2 3 Seating capacity 2 4 Stadium name changes 2 5 Eventual replacements 2 5 1 Athletics 2 5 2 Athletics Coliseum redevelopment plan 2 5 3 Raiders 3 Notable events 3 1 1960s 3 1 1 Raiders and A s move in 3 2 1970s 3 3 1980s 3 4 1990s 3 5 2000s 3 6 2010s 3 7 2020s 3 8 Concerts 3 9 In popular culture 3 10 Other events 4 International soccer matches 5 Criticism 5 1 Baseball 5 2 Public debt 5 3 Mount Davis 5 4 Sewage 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksDesign EditThe Coliseum features an underground design where the playing surface is not only below ground level it is 21 feet 6 4 m below sea level Consequently fans entering the stadium find themselves walking on to the main concourse of the stadium at the top of the first level of seats This combined with the hill that was built around the stadium to create the upper concourse means that only the third deck is visible from outside the park This gives the Coliseum the illusion of being a short stadium from the outside citation needed Oakland Coliseum during a football game Stadium history EditPlanning and construction Edit Business and political leaders in Oakland had long been in competition with neighboring San Francisco as well as other cities in the West and worked for Oakland and its greater East Bay suburbs to be recognized nationally as a viable metropolitan area with its own identity and reputation distinct and separate from that of San Francisco Professional sports was seen as a primary way for the East Bay to gain such recognition As a result the desire for a major league stadium in the city of Oakland intensified during the 1950s and 1960s citation needed By 1960 a non profit corporation was formed to oversee the financing and development of the facility rather than city or county government issuing taxpayer backed bonds for construction Local real estate developer Robert T Nahas headed this group which included other prominent East Bay business leaders such as former US Senator William Knowland and Edgar F Kaiser and which later became the governing board of the Coliseum upon completion It was Nahas idea that the Coliseum be privately financed with ownership transferring to the city and county upon retirement of the construction financing 10 full citation needed Nahas served 20 years as President of the Oakland Alameda County Coliseum Board On the death of Nahas Jack Maltester a former San Leandro mayor and Coliseum board member said If not for Bob Nahas there would be no Coliseum it s really that simple 11 Nahas had to be a diplomat dealing with the egos of Raiders owner Al Davis Athletics owner Charles O Finley and Warriors owner Franklin Mieuli Preliminary architectural plans were unveiled in November 1960 and the following month a site was chosen west of the Elmhurst district of East Oakland alongside the recently completed Nimitz Freeway A downtown site adjacent to Lake Merritt and the Oakland Auditorium was also originally considered 10 The Port of Oakland played a key role in selection of the East Oakland site The Port gave 157 acres 64 ha at the head of San Leandro Bay to the East Bay Regional Park District in exchange for 105 acres 42 ha of park land across the freeway The Port then donated that land to the City of Oakland as the site for the complex 12 The Oakland Raiders of the American Football League moved to Frank Youell Field a makeshift stadium near downtown Oakland in 1962 and the Coliseum was already being heralded in the local media as the Raiders future permanent home Baseball was also a major factor in the planning of the Coliseum As early as 1961 the American League publicly indicated that it wished to include Oakland in its West Coast expansion plans In 1963 American League president Joe Cronin suggested that Coliseum officials model some aspects of the new ballpark after Dodger Stadium which impressed him 13 though these expansion plans seemed to fade by the middle of the decade After approval from the city of Oakland as well as Alameda County by 1962 25 million in financing was arranged Plans were drawn for a stadium an indoor arena and an exhibition hall in between them The architect of record was the San Francisco office of Skidmore Owings amp Merrill with Myron Goldsmith the principal design architect 14 and the general contractor was Guy F Atkinson Company Preliminary site preparation began in the summer of 1961 Construction began in the spring of 1962 The construction schedule was delayed for two years due to various legal issues and cost overruns the original design had to be modified slightly to stay within budget 15 In 1965 it was rumored that the Cleveland Indians might leave Cleveland for a West Coast city such as Oakland but the Indians stayed in Cleveland Charlie Finley owner of the Kansas City Athletics unhappy in Kansas City was impressed by Oakland s new stadium and personally convinced to consider Oakland by Nahas 11 After several unsuccessful attempts and amid considerable controversy Finley eventually got permission to relocate the Athletics to Oakland in 1968 One year later the A s replacement the Kansas City Royals began play as an expansion team Configurations Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed October 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Coliseum as seen in its original open grandstand configuration before being enclosed In its baseball configuration the Coliseum has the most foul territory of any ballpark in Major League Baseball Thus many balls that would reach the seats in other ballparks can be caught for outs at the Coliseum The distance to the backstop was initially 90 feet 27 m but was reduced to 60 feet 18 m in 1969 From 1968 through 1981 and in 1995 two football configurations were used at the stadium During Raider preseason games and all regular season games played while the baseball season was still going on the field was set up from home plate to center field east west Seats that were down the foul lines for baseball games became the sideline seats for football games which started up to 120 feet 37 m away from the field most football only stadiums have sideline seats that start half that distance away Once the A s season ended the orientation was switched to north south i e the football field ran from the left field line to the right field line seats were moved from behind first and third base to create corners for the end zone to fit into these seats were then placed to fill in the space that was normally behind home plate and near the foul poles for baseball games Temporary football bleachers were then added in front of the baseball bleachers to form the sideline on the east visitors side and the baseball bleachers were not sold Raiders season ticket holders would thus have two season ticket locations in different parts of the stadium that roughly corresponded to the same location in relation to the field After stadium expansion in 1996 the field ran north south throughout the season Seating capacity Edit Baseball Years Capacity1968 1976 50 0001977 1980 49 6491981 1982 50 2551983 1984 50 2191985 50 2551986 50 2191987 49 2191988 50 2191989 49 2191990 48 2191991 47 4501992 1995 47 3131996 1997 39 8751998 2005 43 6622006 2007 34 0772008 2016 35 0672017 2018 47 1702019 present 46 867Football Years Capacity1966 1972 54 5871973 1974 54 0411975 1976 54 0371977 1988 54 6151989 1995 54 4441996 1998 63 0261999 2012 63 1322013 53 2862014 2019 56 057 Stadium name changes Edit McAfee Coliseum Logo 2004 2008 Logo 2008 2011 Overstock com Coliseum Logo April June 2011 O co Coliseum Logo 2011 2016 Logo 2016 2019 For more than its first three decades 1966 1998 the stadium was known as Oakland Alameda County Coliseum 16 In September 1997 UMAX Technologies agreed to acquire the naming rights to the stadium However following a dispute a court decision reinstated the Oakland Alameda County Coliseum name In 1998 Network Associates agreed to pay US 5 8 million over five years for the naming rights and the stadium became known as Network Associates Coliseum or alternately in marketing and media usage as the Net 17 Network Associates renewed the contract in 2003 for an additional five years at a cost of 6 million In mid 2004 Network Associates was renamed McAfee restoring its name from before its 1997 merger with Network General and the stadium was renamed McAfee Coliseum accordingly McAfee was offered a renewal of the naming contract in 2008 but it was declined The name reverted to the pre 1997 name of Oakland Alameda County Coliseum on September 19 2008 The stadium retained its original name until April 27 2011 when it was renamed Overstock com Coliseum via a six year 7 2 million naming rights deal with online retailer Overstock com The Coliseum was renamed O co Coliseum on June 6 2011 after Overstock com s marketing name 18 19 20 However due to a contract dispute with the Athletics regarding the Overstock O co naming rights deal the A s continued to refer to the stadium as the Oakland Alameda County Coliseum in all official team communications and on team websites 21 Overstock opted out of the final year on their naming rights deal on April 2 2016 and the stadium once again became the Oakland Alameda County Coliseum 22 23 The Athletics dedicated the Coliseum s playing surface Rickey Henderson Field in honor of MLB Hall of Famer and former Athletic Rickey Henderson as part of Opening Day on April 3 2017 24 RingCentral placed a bid for the naming rights on May 14 2019 for a 1 million annual payment 25 The Oakland Alameda County Coliseum Authority gave its approval of the new naming rights deal on May 31 2019 26 pending formal approval from Major League Baseball 27 New signage was in place by the time that the Golden State Warriors hosted the 2019 NBA Finals at the neighboring Oracle Arena on June 5 28 However in August 2019 the head of the Coliseum Authority Scott McKibben abruptly resigned his position after allegations emerged that he had requested a 50 000 fee from RingCentral in exchange for negotiating the naming rights deal 29 McKibben was subsequently charged by the Alameda County district attorney s office with violating conflict of interest laws including one felony and one misdemeanor count 30 On January 17 2020 the RingCentral naming rights deal was rescinded by the Coliseum Authority 31 In late 2020 a new three year naming rights deal with RingCentral was agreed to 32 Eventual replacements Edit Athletics Edit See also Oakland Ballpark A s owner Lewis Wolff made the first official proposal for a new ballpark in Oakland to the Oakland Alameda County Coliseum Authority on August 12 2005 The new stadium would have been located across 66th Avenue from the Coliseum in what is currently an industrial area north of the Coliseum The park would have held 35 000 fans making it the smallest park in the major leagues Plans for the Oakland location fell through in early 2006 when several of the owners of the land proposed for the new ballpark decided not to sell citation needed The Coliseum in 1981 before construction of the Mount Davis structure top and Mt Davis during baseball season in 2006 with tarp covered upper deck middle the structure during football season bottom Throughout 2006 the Athletics continued to search for a ballpark site within their designated territory of Alameda County Late in 2006 rumors began to circulate regarding a 143 acre 58 ha parcel of land in Fremont being the new site These rumors were confirmed by the Fremont city council on November 8 of that year Wolff met with the council that day to present his plan to move the A s to Fremont into a soon to be built ballpark named Cisco Field Wolff and Cisco Systems conducted a press conference at the San Jose based headquarters of Cisco Systems on November 14 2006 to confirm the deal and showcase some details of the future plan However on February 24 2009 after delays and increased public opposition the Athletics officially ended their search for a stadium site in Fremont 33 The Athletics later took their Cisco Field plan to a site in downtown San Jose located near SAP Center home of the NHL s San Jose Sharks 34 The San Jose plan was opposed by the San Francisco Giants whose territory San Jose is in and on October 5 2015 the United States Supreme Court rejected San Jose s bid on the Athletics 35 During that time the City of Oakland continued to propose new ballpark ideas that ranged from a proposal to build on a waterfront site in the Jack London Square area called Victory Court to a three stadium proposal called Coliseum City on the Coliseum site Both plans went nowhere The Athletics signed a ten year lease to stay in Oakland and at the Coliseum on July 22 2014 The deal required that the team look into a new stadium but only in the city limits which made it more difficult for the Raiders to tear the Coliseum down for a football only facility The A s began talks with an architect on August 6 2014 to build a baseball only stadium at the Coliseum site according to Wolff 36 Going into 2016 John J Fisher took majority control of the team and made Dave Kaval team president and the person in charge of the stadium hunt On September 12 2017 it was announced that a site near Laney College and the Eastlake neighborhood had been chosen for the new ballpark tentatively called Oakland Ballpark with the A s proposing to construct a 35 000 seat stadium on the site of the college s administrative buildings which the A s would relocate to a spot of the college s choosing 37 However the Laney College Board of Trustees abruptly ended talks with the Athletics in December 2017 The surprised A s were forced to look at alternatives for a new stadium location 38 On November 28 2018 the Athletics announced that the team had chosen to build its 34 000 seat new ballpark at the Howard Terminal site at the Port of Oakland The team also announced its intent to purchase the coliseum site and make the site into a tech and housing hub preserving Oracle Arena and reducing the Coliseum to a low rise sports park as San Francisco did with Kezar Stadium 39 A turning point came in spring 2021 when Commissioner Rob Manfred suggested that the A s look into relocation to another city after the Howard Terminal plans stalled However the A s said that they remain committed to staying in Oakland and will continue their efforts to get the new ballpark built 40 Athletics Coliseum redevelopment plan Edit The Coliseum along with Oracle Arena and its surrounding parking lots are owned 50 by the City of Oakland and 50 by the Athletics 41 The Athletics purchased their 50 share in 2018 from Alameda County after the City of Oakland dropped a lawsuit that attempted to block the sale 41 As of July 2021 two Black led redevelopment groups were vying for the chance to purchase the City s half of the site one led by the African American Sports and Entertainment Group and the other by Dave Stewart and Lonnie Murray 42 Raiders Edit See also Allegiant Stadium and Oakland Raiders relocation to Las Vegas Under any such replacement proposals the Oakland Raiders would have presumably continued to play football in the Coliseum although there were proposals for the Raiders to play at Levi s Stadium the home of the San Francisco 49ers in Santa Clara as well as rumors regarding the Raiders possible return to Los Angeles 43 44 45 The Raiders proposed a 50 000 seat stadium in the same spot of the Coliseum in 2013 It would have cost 800 million with 300 million coming from the Raiders 200 million coming from the NFL s stadium loan program and the final 300 million coming from the city 46 After the failure of the stadium plan Raiders owner Mark Davis met with officials with the city of San Antonio on July 29 2014 to discuss moving the Raiders to the city in time for the 2015 season they would have temporarily played home games at the Alamodome until a new permanent stadium was built On September 3 2014 the city of Oakland claimed it had reached a tentative deal to build a new football stadium in Oakland which would have resulted in the Coliseum being demolished The claim was met with silence from the Raiders who continued to explore San Antonio and opposition from Alameda County 47 On February 19 2015 the Raiders and the San Diego Chargers announced plans for a privately financed 1 7 billion stadium that the two teams would have built in Carson upon being approved to move to the Los Angeles market 48 Both teams said they would continue to attempt to get stadiums built in their respective cities 49 The stadium was approved by the Carson City Council 50 but was defeated by the NFL who voted in favor of building SoFi Stadium and relocating the St Louis Rams back to Los Angeles with the Chargers as the second LA team In January 2016 Mark Davis met with Las Vegas Sands owner Sheldon Adelson about building a domed stadium on the UNLV campus for the Raiders and the UNLV Rebels 51 The stadium location was later moved to a site across Interstate 15 from Mandalay Bay After the approval of 750 million from the state of Nevada and backing from Bank of America after Adelson pulled out of the project the Raiders submitted papers for relocation to Las Vegas in January 2017 and on March 27 2017 the Raiders relocation to Las Vegas was approved The team planned to continue to play at the Coliseum through the 2019 NFL season and relocate to Las Vegas in 2020 In December 2018 the city of Oakland sued the Raiders and all the other NFL teams for millions in unpaid debts and financial damages which prompted Raiders management to declare that the team was leaving after the 2018 season 52 After the San Francisco 49ers blocked an attempt by the Raiders to relocate to Oracle Park for the 2019 season the Raiders and Coliseum Authority reached an agreement in principle on February 25 2019 to allow the Raiders to return to the Coliseum for 2019 with a provision for 2020 in case completion of the Las Vegas Stadium was delayed the Coliseum Authority approved the lease on March 15 while the Alameda County Board of Supervisors and Oakland City Council voted in favor of the lease on March 19 and 21 respectively 53 54 55 On January 22 2020 the Raiders officially moved to Las Vegas becoming the Las Vegas Raiders Notable events Edit1960s Edit In November 1969 the Rolling Stones performed two shows at the stadium The bootleg recording of the show was titled Live r Than You ll Ever Be citation needed Raiders and A s move in Edit The Raiders played their first game at the stadium on September 18 1966 In 1968 the Kansas City Athletics moved to Oakland and began play at the stadium The Athletics first game was played on April 17 1968 The stadium complex cost 25 5 million 203 million adjusted for inflation to build and rests on 120 acres 49 ha of land On April 17 1968 Boog Powell hit the first major league home run in the history of the Coliseum 56 On May 8 of that year Catfish Hunter pitched the ninth perfect game in Major League history at the Coliseum 57 The Coliseum hosted the 1967 and 1969 AFL championship games Additionally the venue had hosted the second match of the NPSL Final 1967 1970s Edit The Black Hole sections 104 105 106 and 107 during a Raiders home game against the Atlanta Falcons on November 2 2008 From 1970 to 1972 the stadium hosted three college football benefit games featuring Bay Area schools versus historically black colleges citation needed The Coliseum hosted the 1971 East West Shrine Game on January 2 1971 citation needed In 1972 the Athletics won their first of three straight World Series championships and their first since their years in Philadelphia The awkwardness of the baseball football conversion as well as the low seating capacity around 54 000 for football and that the prime seating on the east side consisted of temporary bleachers led the Raiders to explore other stadium options One such option was Memorial Stadium on the UC Berkeley campus Several preseason games were played there in the early 1970s along with one regular season game in 1973 a 12 7 victory over the Miami Dolphins during September while the A s regular season was going on However in response to traffic and parking issues associated with these games while Cal games drew a large number of students who live on or near campus and walk to the games Raiders games attracted fans from a larger geographic area who were used to tailgating at the Coliseum and were more likely to drive to games the City of Berkeley passed a Professional Sports Events License Tax in which the city collected 10 of all gate receipts making the staging of professional games inside the city cost prohibitive The Raiders were granted an injunction from the city collecting the tax arguing that the tax was a regulatory measure rather than a revenue measure and was therefore an improper regulation on land held in trust by the Regents of the University of California However the grant of the injunction was reversed by the California Court of Appeals who found it to be a revenue measure despite the fact that the city had made the measure immediately effective due to danger to the public peace health and safety of the City of Berkeley as a result of the holding of professional sports events there 58 The stadium was not well maintained for most of the late 1970s Its condition was most noticeable during baseball season when crowds for A s games twice numbered fewer than 1 000 On April 17 1979 only 653 fans attended the game versus the Seattle Mariners 59 During this time it was popularly known as the Oakland Mausoleum citation needed 1980s Edit An A s game at the Coliseum in 1985 In 1980 the Raiders won Super Bowl XV Two years later the Raiders moved to Los Angeles leaving the A s as the only remaining tenants of Oakland Coliseum Only days later Finley agreed to sell the A s to Marvin Davis who planned to move the A s to Denver However city and county officials were not about to lose Oakland s status as a major league city in its own right and refused to let the A s out of their lease Finley sold the team instead to the owners of San Francisco based Levi Strauss amp Co citation needed After the 1986 Major League Baseball season the original scoreboards were replaced A new American Sign and Indicator scoreboard and message center was installed behind the left field bleachers while the original right field scoreboard was replaced with a manually operated out of town scoreboard Between the centerfield flagpoles a new Diamond Vision video screen was installed citation needed The 1987 Major League Baseball All Star Game was held at the stadium From 1988 to 1990 the venue saw three more World Series In 1989 the Athletics won their 4th Series since moving to Oakland sweeping the San Francisco Giants in the earthquake interrupted Battle of the Bay Series citation needed 1990s Edit In the 1990s several major concerts were held but these were not Days on the Green by definition because they occurred at night citation needed In July 1995 the Raiders agreed to return to Oakland provided that Oakland Coliseum underwent renovations In November 1995 those renovations commenced and continued through the next summer until the beginning of the 1996 football season more info below The new layout also had the somewhat peculiar effect of creating an inward jog in the outfield fence in left center and right center There are now three distance markers instead of one at various points of the power alleys as indicated in the dimensions grid The Raiders return also heralded the creation of the Black Hole a highly recognizable group of fans who occupied one end zone seating during football games citation needed 2000s Edit On April 2 2006 the broadcast booth was renamed in honor of the late Bill King a legendary Bay Area sportscaster who was the play by play voice of the A s Raiders and Warriors for 44 years citation needed San Jose Earthquakes of Major League Soccer announced in November 2007 that they would be playing their big draw games such as those featuring David Beckham and the Los Angeles Galaxy at the stadium instead of their then home Buck Shaw Stadium capacity roughly 10 000 in Santa Clara 60 Since then the Quakes moved to their new home of Avaya Stadium and play their bigger games in nearby Stanford Stadium citation needed Midway through the decade the stadium established a no re entry policy Each ticket can be used only once after which a second ticket must be purchased in order to re enter the Coliseum citation needed 2010s Edit On May 9 2010 almost 42 years to the day of Catfish Hunter s perfect game Dallas Braden pitched the 19th perfect game in Major League history at the Coliseum A commemorative graphic was placed on the baseball outfield wall next to Rickey Henderson s retired number on May 17 their next home game citation needed With the Miami Marlins opening their own ballpark in 2012 the stadium became the last remaining venue in the United States that hosted both a Major League Baseball and a National Football League team 61 As part of a new ten year lease signed by the Athletics with the Oakland Alameda County Coliseum Authority in 2014 the Oakland Coliseum had a new 10 million scoreboard system two large outfield scoreboards 36 feet tall and 145 feet wide and two ribbon scoreboards installed for the start of the 2015 MLB season Also part of the new lease the Coliseum Authority agreed to pay 1 million a year with five percent annual increases into a fund to maintain the stadium 62 For the 2017 Major League Baseball season the tarp covering a large amount of the baseball configuration has been removed increasing the capacity to over 47 000 for the first time since 1995 The tarp remains on the football only Mt Davis citation needed From 2016 onward the A s have invested heavily in improvements to the Coliseum In 2017 the team created a new outdoor plaza area with food trucks and lawn games called Championship Plaza 63 The West Side Club was also entirely renovated and rebranded into Shibe Park Tavern after their former home park in Philadelphia 64 the Coliseum s new destination restaurant and bar with more than twenty different beers on tap In 2018 the A s created a brand new destination indoor outdoor bar concept in the left field corner called The Treehouse The Treehouse has brought a new demographic of fans to the Coliseum through nightly themed discounts and through its innovative subscription ticketing product the Treehouse Pass 65 On April 17 2018 the Athletics opened the gates to the Coliseum for a free admission game versus the Chicago White Sox It was the 50th anniversary of the club s first game played in Oakland back on April 17 1968 46 028 fans were on hand for the 10 2 Athletics victory and Kaval called the game a gift to Oakland citation needed On December 15 2019 the Raiders played their last scheduled game at the Coliseum losing to the Jacksonville Jaguars by a score of 20 16 giving up 17 unanswered points in the second half Fans booed the team as they exited the field for the last time 66 2020s Edit On September 6 2020 the San Diego Padres and the Athletics played in the warmest game in the Coliseum s history The game was played in 94 degree heat 67 Concerts Edit Commencing in 1973 the stadium hosted an annual Day on the Green concert series presented by Bill Graham and his company Bill Graham Presents which continued on into the early 1990s citation needed In January 1974 singer Marvin Gaye used the stadium as the site for his comeback to the performance stage His acclaimed performance was later released for the live album Marvin Gaye Live Led Zeppelin played what turned out to be their final North American concerts with twin shows during their 1977 North American Tour Following the second show Bill Graham barred the band from the venue and his other managed venues in response to the band s manager Peter Grant drummer John Bonham and security co ordinator John Bindon s brutal assault on one of Graham s security employees during the first show following the employee s refusal to allow Grant s 11 year old son Warren to take an item belonging to the venue as memorabilia The death of Plant s young son Karac three days later and the resulting cancellation of the remaining tour dates rendered Graham s action academic 68 Parliament Funkadelic brought the P Funk Earth Tour to the Coliseum on January 21 1977 Their performance was recorded and released as a double LP set entitled Live P Funk Earth Tour The stadium played host to Amnesty International s Human Rights Now Benefit Concert on September 23 1988 The show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and also featured Bruce Springsteen amp The E Street Band Tracy Chapman Youssou N Dour Roy Orbison and Joan Baez citation needed Metallica and Guns N Roses brought the Guns N Roses Metallica Stadium Tour to the Coliseum on September 24 1992 with Body Count as their opening act citation needed U2 played two nights in June 1997 at the Oakland Coliseum as part of their PopMart tour They were supported by Oasis one of the first shows of their Be Here Now tour citation needed The stadium played host to The Gigantour on September 8 2006 featuring performances by Megadeth Lamb of God Opeth Arch Enemy Overkill Into Eternity Sanctity and The SmashUp 69 U2 performed during their 360 Tour on June 7 2011 with Lenny Kravitz and Moonalice as their opening acts The show was originally scheduled to take place on June 16 2010 but was postponed due to Bono s emergency back surgery 70 On August 5 2017 Green Day played a homecoming concert at the Coliseum The show was part of the band s summer tour in support of their third number 1 album Revolution Radio 71 The stadium holds the distinction of hosting the most concerts by The Grateful Dead with 66 shows between 1979 and 1995 72 In popular culture Edit The music video for the Huey Lewis amp the News song Jacob s Ladder was shot at a concert at the Coliseum on December 31 1986 Richard Marx shot the video for Take This Heart on the baseball field of the Coliseum citation needed The stadium was the location for the 1994 Disney movie Angels in the Outfield Although Angel Stadium of Anaheim known as Anaheim Stadium at the time was where the Angels actually played it was damaged in the 1994 Southern California earthquake Anaheim Stadium was used for views from the outside and aerial views while the Coliseum was used for interior shots citation needed The Coliseum was also used for scenes in the 2011 film Moneyball citation needed The climax of the novel There There by Tommy Orange takes place in the Coliseum Other events Edit The stadium has hosted an AMA Supercross Championship round since 2011 73 International soccer matches EditDate Competition Team Res Team CrowdJanuary 9 2000 International Friendly Mexico 2 1 Iran 34 289Criticism EditBaseball Edit In recent years the Coliseum has been criticized as being one of the worst stadiums in baseball For instance in 2011 Bleacher Report named it the fifth worst stadium in the majors partly due to its expansive foul territory 74 In 2017 The New York Times called the Coliseum a bland charmless concrete monstrosity that isn t worthy of preservation perhaps America s most hated sports stadium 75 Two years later in another Times article writer Jack Nicas not only defended the Coliseum against criticism he argued that its perceived failings were actually strengths Yes the Coliseum is ugly but it is cheap gritty and fun he said To his surprise on moving to Oakland four years earlier he had come to love the Coliseum as much as he had loved Fenway Park while growing up and while attending college in Boston and Wrigley Field when he moved to Chicago after graduating college If those parks were the baseball equivalent of classic pubs Nicas wrote the Coliseum is baseball s last dive bar 76 As a season ticket holder Nicas got concessions at half price leading to a combined cost of 7 for a hot dog and beer a deal that he doubted could be matched anywhere else in the city The Coliseum was also more spacious than Fenway or Wrigley and while its expansive foul territory put fans at a distance it also allowed them more opportunities to see great catches by fielders But while he found other A s fans who appreciated what the Coliseum had to offer and like him feared it would be lost in a new ballpark he admitted those virtues had not drawn enough spectators to the Coliseum for the team to justify remaining there 76 Public debt Edit A 1996 expansion of the stadium was funded by a controversial issuance critics said that Oakland Raiders late owner Al Davis fleeced local officials at the expense of taxpayers of some 220 million of public debt by both Alameda County and the City of Oakland 77 78 79 resulting in substantial debt service payments for both governments As of spring of 2018 the City of Oakland still owed 135 million for the expansion 80 In December 2019 Alameda County officials announced the sale of the county s interest in the stadium to the Oakland A s baseball club saying the 85 million deal would allow the county to pay off its share of the debt In a joint statement Supervisor Scott Haggerty and Supervisor Nate Miley noted that the two Supervisors have led the negotiations and played instrumental roles in moving the sale of the county s share forward in the hope that once finalized the 85 million valuation will relieve the county of debt which has weighed on taxpayers for decades 81 Mount Davis Edit Main article Mount Davis Oakland The Bill King Broadcast Booth with a tarpaulin covering the third deck One feature of the 1996 expansion was the addition of more than 10 000 seats in the upper deck that now spans the outfield in the baseball configuration enclosing the stadium Due to the stands height and the loss of the Oakland hills view A s fans have derisively nicknamed the structure Mount Davis after late Raiders owner Al Davis It has been criticized as an area which has made the Oakland Coliseum look ever more like a football stadium and not at all one for baseball 82 From 1997 to 2005 while the A s opened part of the upper deck for baseball they did not count it as part of listed capacity while the official capacity was 43 962 the actual capacity was 55 945 In 2006 the Athletics covered the entire third deck with a tarp reducing capacity to 34 077 the smallest capacity in MLB at the time Even if a game was otherwise sold out the A s would not sell any seats in the area It would remain covered except if they made the World Series The A s said that closing off the upper deck would create a more intimate environment for baseball 83 This drew criticism from fans the Oakland City Council and sports marketing analysts baffled at owner Lew Wolff s decision with some stating that this was cover for a possible move to San Jose see Cisco Field There were 20 878 seats covered up by the tarp which would otherwise have been usable for baseball 84 In February 2013 the Oakland Raiders announced that they would cover 11 000 seats in the Mount Davis section with a tarp this reduced capacity to 53 250 making the coliseum by far the smallest in the NFL in seating capacity for its final years in the league league rules required a minimum capacity of 50 000 and no other stadium barring the temporary used Dignity Health Sports Park seated fewer than 61 000 This was done in order to potentially allow more Raiders games to be televised locally as games are blacked out if less than 85 tickets are sold Under NFL rules the tarps had to stay in place all season long even during the playoffs 85 In 2017 new team President Dave Kaval decided to open several sections in the original third deck that were covered by tarps though Mount Davis stayed tarped This increased capacity by 12 103 to 47 170 86 The Athletics have since occasionally removed the tarp on Mount Davis for specific games such as occasional Bay Bridge Series games against the San Francisco Giants 87 88 and the 2019 American League Wild Card Game against the Tampa Bay Rays The latter set a record for attendance of a Wild Card Game at 54 005 89 Sewage Edit On June 16 2013 following the game against the Seattle Mariners the Coliseum experienced a severe sewage backup This led to pipes leaking out puddles of sewage into the showers offices visitor training room and storage areas on the clubhouse level of the stadium all of which are 3 feet 0 91 m below sea level After the game the A s and Mariners were forced to share the Oakland Raiders locker room located on the stadium s second floor According to Coliseum officials the stadium s aging plumbing system was overtaxed after a six game homestand that drew close to baseball capacity crowds totaling 171 756 fans 90 This was not the first time sewage problems cropped up at the stadium For instance on one occasion the Los Angeles Angels complained about E coli in the visiting team s training room after a backup Backups occur even when no events are taking place there 91 For instance Lew Wolff wanted to go to dinner on June 12 2013 while the A s were on the road at one of the Coliseum s restaurants only to discover that food service had been halted due to a sewage leak in the kitchen 92 The Coliseum during A s game in September 2008See also EditSports in the San Francisco Bay AreaReferences Edit 2019 Oakland A s Media Guide PDF Major League Baseball Advanced Media February 4 2019 p 650 Retrieved March 28 2019 Oakland A s set Coliseum attendance record with 56 310 fans SB Nation Athletics Nation Retrieved August 7 2021 Quick Facts PDF 2015 Oakland Raiders Media Guide Oakland Raiders July 27 2015 Retrieved April 3 2016 a b Oakland Raiders Fan Guide Oakland Raiders Archived from the original on January 22 2018 Retrieved May 14 2016 a b 1634 1699 McCusker J J 1997 How Much Is That in Real Money A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States Addenda et Corrigenda PDF American Antiquarian Society 1700 1799 McCusker J J 1992 How Much Is That in Real Money A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States PDF American Antiquarian Society 1800 present Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Consumer Price Index estimate 1800 Retrieved January 1 2020 Oakland Alameda County Coliseum Complex Engineering News Record Peter Griffin Hill 179 2 13 1967 Retrieved February 8 2013 Sports PDF Syska Hennessy Group Archived from the original PDF on May 20 2011 Retrieved February 8 2013 After many years San Jose Earthquakes have found their home at Avaya Stadium MLSsoccer com Press release Major League Soccer March 19 2015 Retrieved December 17 2019 McCarriston Shanna December 14 2019 A look at historic MLB and NFL multi purpose stadiums as they are set to become a thing of the past CBSSports com CBS Interactive Retrieved December 16 2019 a b Oakland Tribune November 3 1960 front page a b DelVecchio Rick February 26 2002 Robert Nahas He Brought Coliseum and A s to Oakland San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved September 5 2018 Chapter 2 LWVO Study Waterfront Action Retrieved July 16 2013 Oakland Tribune January 27 1963 pg 39E Temko Allan July 17 1996 Myron Goldsmith Noted Architect San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved March 8 2016 Oakland Tribune April 3 1964 page E49 Woodall Angela April 7 2012 Oakland Coliseum Still Bears O co Name The Mercury News San Jose Retrieved May 27 2012 Matier Phillip Ross Andrew May 12 2011 New Name in Oakland Sports Overstock com Coliseum San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved May 29 2011 About Us History ORACLE Arena amp Oakland Alameda Coliseum Archived from the original on September 19 2011 Retrieved September 20 2011 About SMG SMG Archived from the original on September 22 2011 Retrieved September 20 2011 SMG At a Glance Stadiums SMG Archived from the original on September 25 2011 Retrieved September 20 2011 Reichard Kevin April 9 2012 Athletics No go for O co Ballpark Digest August Publications Retrieved October 6 2012 The Oakland Alameda Coliseum Naming Rights Available ORACLE Arena amp Oakland Alameda Coliseum April 4 2016 Retrieved April 10 2016 Until further notice the Joint Powers Authority requests that the facility be referred to as The Oakland Alameda County Coliseum by the media and in all public communications Mahbubani Rhea April 2 2016 Overstock com Opts Out of Naming Rights with O co Coliseum KNTV San Francisco Retrieved April 3 2016 The stadium will until further notice be known as the Coliseum Oakland Coliseum or Oakland Alameda County Coliseum It remains unclear what permanent name will be picked A s to Dedicate Rickey Henderson Field Ballpark Digest August Publications February 8 2017 Retrieved February 8 2017 Matier Phil May 13 2019 Still value in Oakland Coliseum Ring Central buys naming rights for 1 million a year San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved June 4 2019 Spedden Zach June 4 2019 Oakland Coliseum Becoming RingCentral Coliseum Ballpark Digest August Publications Retrieved June 4 2019 Coliseum to be Renamed RingCentral Coliseum Oakland Post June 13 2019 Retrieved June 19 2019 Abraham Zennie June 6 2019 RingCentral Coliseum Name On Oakland Coliseum For 2019 NBA Finals Oakland News Now Retrieved June 19 2019 Matier Phil August 10 2019 Oakland Coliseum chief resigns over role in RingCentral naming rights deal San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved January 17 2020 D A files criminal charges against former Oakland Coliseum authority chief San Francisco Chronicle December 4 2019 Retrieved January 17 2020 Oakland Coliseum naming rights deal rescinded amid conflict of interest scandal San Francisco Chronicle January 17 2020 Retrieved January 17 2020 Hear that The Oakland Coliseum officially has a new name The Mercury News December 19 2020 Retrieved January 25 2021 Goll David February 24 2009 A s Abandon Plans for Fremont Ballpark Sacramento Business Journal Retrieved November 15 2010 Purdy Mark December 3 2010 Bud Selig Shouldn t Bite on Oakland s Sketchy Pitch for A s The Mercury News San Jose Retrieved July 16 2013 Egelko Bob October 5 2015 U S Supreme Court Rejects San Jose s Bid to Lure Oakland A s San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved October 5 2015 Jones Carolyn August 6 2014 A s Approach Architect About Building New Ballpark in Oakland San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved August 11 2014 Matier Phil Ross Andy September 13 2017 A s Want to Build New Ballpark Next to Laney College in Oakland San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved September 5 2018 Veklerov Kimberly December 6 2017 Laney College Board Halts ballpark Plans Leaving Oakland A s Shocked San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved September 5 2018 A s settle on a ballpark site and a futuristic stadium The Mercury News November 28 2018 Retrieved November 28 2018 MLB Tells Oakland A s to Start Exploring Other Cities as Howard Terminal Effort Remains Stalled CBS 13 Sacramento May 11 2021 Retrieved June 4 2021 a b Ravani Sarah December 24 2019 Alameda County agrees to sell its share of Oakland Coliseum to A s San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved September 10 2021 Ravani Sarah September 7 2021 Two Black developer groups are competing to redevelop the Oakland Coliseum Here are their plans San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved September 10 2021 NFL 49ers amp Raiders Should Share Stadium FanNation January 25 2009 Retrieved November 15 2010 Lam Samuel January 11 2009 49ers and Raiders to Share Stadium Most Valuable Network Archived from the original on January 19 2009 Retrieved November 15 2010 Los Angeles stadium planner Talks held with five NFL teams Sports Illustrated June 10 2011 Retrieved September 1 2011 Steele David July 16 2013 Oakland Raiders Want New 800M Stadium When Lease Expires After 2013 Season The Oregonian Portland OR Retrieved July 16 2013 Matier Phil Ross Andy September 3 2014 New Stadium Deal for Raiders Gives Team Land Pays Off Debt San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved September 3 2014 Williams Eric D February 20 2015 Chargers Raiders Reveal L A Plan ESPN Retrieved February 21 2015 Rapoport Ian February 20 2015 Chargers Raiders Team Up for Stadium Proposal in Los Angeles National Football League Retrieved February 20 2015 Jablon Robert April 22 2015 City Council Approves Plan for NFL Stadium Near Los Angeles Associated Press Retrieved April 22 2015 Las Vegas Sands Wants Stadium for UNLV Possibly Raiders Sports Illustrated January 29 2016 Retrieved January 29 2016 Beaton Andrew December 11 2018 Oakland Files Lawsuit Against Raiders NFL The Wall Street Journal Retrieved December 11 2018 Teope Herbie February 25 2019 Raiders Coliseum Authority reach agreement for 2019 NFL Retrieved March 18 2019 Debolt David Almond Elliott March 15 2019 Raiders to play 2019 season in Oakland will fans turn out The Mercury News Retrieved March 18 2019 Gehlken Michael March 21 2019 Raiders cross finish line for final season in Oakland Las Vegas Review Journal Retrieved March 23 2019 Home Run Baptism of New Parks sabr org Retrieved December 30 2011 May 8 1968 Twins Athletics box score Baseball Reference Retrieved December 26 2011 Oakland Raiders vs City of Berkeley 65 Cal App 3d 623 April 17 1979 Seattle Mariners at Oakland Athletics Baseball Reference April 17 1979 Retrieved July 16 2013 FAQ San Jose Earthquakes Archived from the original on October 9 2007 Retrieved November 30 2007 Report New tSadium to Open April 4 ESPN June 30 2011 Retrieved May 28 2014 Oakland A s Showcase New Scoreboards at O co Coliseum The Mercury News San Jose April 6 2015 Retrieved April 6 2015 Championship Plaza MLB com Retrieved June 26 2018 Shibe Park Tavern MLB retrieved August 14 2020 The Treehouse at the Oakland Coliseum MLB com Retrieved June 26 2018 Dajani Jordan December 15 2019 Derek Carr exits to boos after Raiders lose final game in Oakland in devastating fashion CBSSports com Retrieved December 17 2019 Matt Chapman leaves game early with right hip strain A s drop series to Padres The Mercury News September 6 2020 Retrieved September 7 2020 Harrison Jeff July 24 1977 Trouble at Coliseum Concert Oakland Tribune Oakland p 3 Gigantour 2008 Official site Gigantour Archived from the original on January 30 2009 Retrieved February 5 2009 Vaziri Aidin June 8 2011 U2 Review Soulful Impressive and Worth the Wait San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved June 8 2011 Harrington Jim August 6 2017 Review Green Day Welcomes Local Fans to Pop Punk Paradise The Mercury News San Jose Retrieved August 6 2017 Pitt J 2019 USA by Rail plus Canada s main routes Bradt Travel Guides Bradt Travel Guides p 71 ISBN 978 1 78477 625 1 Retrieved July 30 2020 2015 AMA Supercross media guide Rios Jr Orly January 30 2011 The 5 Worst Stadiums in All of Major League Baseball Bleacher Report Retrieved October 6 2012 Draper Kevin September 12 2017 The Oakland A s Are Trying to Solve Their Stadium Problem Still The New York Times Retrieved October 14 2019 a b Nicas Jack October 2 2019 The Beauty of America s Ugliest Ballpark The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved October 2 2019 Tadayon Ali December 23 2019 Half of Coliseum site goes to Oakland A s ownership under deal approved Monday East Bay Times Retrieved December 30 2019 Alameda County quietly offered Oakland a deal to buy out Coliseum debt if it paid up front SF Chronicle Retrieved December 30 2019 NFL whips up the Raider Nation to fleece East Bay taxpayers SF Chronicle Retrieved February 20 2020 Athletics want to pay off Coliseum debt assume stadium ownership KGO TV ESPN March 26 2018 Retrieved December 30 2019 Alameda County Board to Vote on Selling Its Half of Coliseum to the A s NBC Bay Area Retrieved April 1 2020 Inside the Press Box Oakland Less Seats More Filling Love of the Game Productions Archived from the original on October 7 2007 Retrieved September 15 2007 Brice Wallace May 5 2006 It s a wrap Kaysville company gets the Oakland Athletics stadium all decked out Deseret News Retrieved March 10 2017 Jones Carolyn October 5 2012 A s Refuse to Remove Tarp San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved October 7 2012 Tafur Vic February 6 2013 Raiders Will Tarp Top of Mount Davis San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved July 16 2013 Slusser Susan April 11 2017 A s take tarps off upper deck tickets 15 San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved April 11 2017 Slusser Susan July 16 2018 A s to open Mount Davis for Saturday game against Giants SFGATE Retrieved May 10 2021 Oakland A s to open Mount Davis for August 24th Bay Bridge Series game SFGATE July 26 2019 Retrieved August 31 2019 A s set record for biggest crowd at a wild card game SFChronicle com October 3 2019 Retrieved October 9 2019 A s M s Forced Into Same Locker Room ESPN June 16 2013 Retrieved June 16 2013 Slusser Susan June 16 2013 Raw Sewage on Clubhouse Level Creates Chaos San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved June 16 2013 Steward Carl June 17 2013 Oakland A s Owner Lew Wolff Says Coliseum Sewage Mess Not Unusual Oakland Tribune Archived from the original on June 24 2013 Retrieved June 17 2013 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Oakland Alameda County Coliseum Official Oakland Coliseum website County Coliseum coliseum htm Visit to Oakland Alameda County Coliseum History of Oakland Alameda County Coliseum Coliseum at MLB com FootballGeography com College football at the Oakland Coliseum YouTube com Time lapse video of the conversion between seating arrangementEvents and tenantsPreceded by Municipal Stadium Home of the Oakland Athletics 1968 present Succeeded by currentPreceded by Frank Youell Field Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Home of the Oakland Raiders 1966 1981 1995 2019 Succeeded by Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Allegiant StadiumPreceded by Astrodome Host of the Major League Baseball All Star Game 1987 Succeeded by Riverfront StadiumPreceded by Spartan Stadium Home of the San Jose Earthquakes with Buck Shaw Stadium 2008 2009 Succeeded by Buck Shaw StadiumPreceded by Miami Orange Bowl Three Rivers Stadium Alltel Stadium Heinz Field Host of AFC Championship Game 1975 1977 2001 2003 Succeeded by Three Rivers Stadium Mile High Stadium Heinz Field Gillette Stadium Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Oakland Coliseum amp oldid 1051683542, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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