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Wikipedia

SAP

For other uses, see SAP (disambiguation).

Coordinates:49°17′38″N8°38′22″E /49.2938038°N 8.639581°E /49.2938038; 8.639581

SAP SE () is a German multinational software corporation based in Walldorf, Baden-Württemberg, that develops enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations. The company is especially known for its ERP software. SAP is the largest non-American software company by revenue, the world's third-largest publicly-traded software company by revenue, and the largest German company by market capitalisation.

SAP SE
Headquarters in Walldorf, Baden-Württemberg
TypePublic (Societas Europaea)
FWB: SAP
NYSE: SAP
DAX Component
ISINDE0007164600
IndustryEnterprise software
Business software
Cloud computing
FoundedWeinheim, Germany
(1972; 49 years ago (1972))
FounderDietmar Hopp
Hans-Werner Hector
Hasso Plattner
Klaus Tschira
Claus Wellenreuther
Headquarters
Dietmar-Hopp-Allee 16, Walldorf, Baden-Württemberg
,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Hasso Plattner (Chairman)
Christian Klein (CEO)
Products
Services
Revenue 27.33 billion (2020)
€6.62 billion (2020)
€5.28 billion (2020)
Total assets €58.47 billion (2020)
Total equity €29.92 billion (2020)
Number of employees
102,430 (2020)
Websitewww.sap.com

Historical references include Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing, SAP AG and SAP SE.

Contents

Founded in 1972 as a private partnership named Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung (lit.'System Analysis and Software Development'; SAP GbR), which in 1981 fully became Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung (SAP GmbH) after a five-year transition period beginning in 1976.: 1972–1980 In 2005 it further restructured itself as SAP AG. Since 7 July 2014, its corporate structure is that of a pan-European societas Europaea (SE); as such, its former German corporate identity is now a subsidiary, SAP Deutschland SE & Co. KG.

SAP is headquartered in Walldorf, Baden-Württemberg, Germany with regional offices in 180 countries. The company has over 425,000 customers in over 180 countries and is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index. A 2001 article said it was "the third-biggest software company in the world."

Formation

When Xerox exited the computer hardware manufacturing industry in 1971, it asked IBM to migrate its business systems to IBM technology. As part of IBM's compensation for the migration, IBM was given the rights to the Scientific Data Systems (SDS)/SAPE software, reportedly for a contract credit of $80,000.

Five IBM engineers from the AI department (Dietmar Hopp, Klaus Tschira, Hans-Werner Hector, Hasso Plattner, and Claus Wellenreuther, all from Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg) were working on an enterprise-wide system based on this software, only to be told that it would no longer be necessary. Rather than abandoning the project, they decided to leave IBM Tech and start another company.

In June 1972, they founded the SAP Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung ("System Analysis and Program Development" / "SAPD") company, as a private partnership under the German Civil Code.

Their first client was the German branch of Imperial Chemical Industries in Östringen, where they developed mainframe programs for payroll and accounting. Instead of storing the data on punch cards mechanically, as IBM did, they stored it locally in the Electronic System while using a common Logical database for all activities of Organization.[clarification needed] Therefore, they called their software a real-time system, since there was no need to process the punch cards overnight (for this reason their flagship product carried an R in its name until the late 1990s). This first version was also a standalone software that could be offered to other interested parties.

Enterprise Resource Planning

In 1973, the first commercial product was launched. SAP completes its first financial accounting system - RF. This system serves as the cornerstone in the ongoing development of other software modules of the system that will eventually bear the name SAP R/1.

This offered a common system for multiple tasks. This permitted the use of a centralized data storage, improving the maintenance of data. From a technical point of view, therefore, a database was necessary.

In 1976, SAP GmbH Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung ("Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing") was founded as a sales and support subsidiary. Five years later, the private partnership was dissolved and its rights were passed on to SAP GmbH.

The headquarters moved the following year to Walldorf, Germany. Three years later, in 1979, SAP launched SAP R/2, expanding the capabilities of the system to other areas, such as material management and production planning. In 1981, SAP brought a re-designed product to market. However, SAP R/2 did not improve until the period between 1985 and 1990. SAP released the new SAP R/3 in 1992. SAP developed and released several versions of R/3 through 1995. By the mid-1990s, SAP followed the trend from mainframe computing to client–server architectures. The development of SAP's internet strategy with mySAP.com redesigned the concept of business processes (integration via Internet). As a result, R/3 was replaced with the introduction of SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) 5.0 in 2004. Architectural changes were also made to support an enterprise service architecture to transition customers to a services-oriented architecture. The latest version, SAP ERP 6.0, was released in 2006. SAP ERP 6.0 has since then been updated through SAP enhancement packs, the most recent: SAP enhancement package 8 for SAP ERP 6.0 in 2016.

Corporate restructuring

In August 1988, SAP GmbH became SAP AG, and public trading started on 4 November 1988. Shares were listed on the Frankfurt and Stuttgart stock exchanges. In 1995, SAP was included in the German stock index DAX and, on 22 September 2003, SAP was included in the STOXX Europe 50.

SAP AG era

The company's official name became SAP AG (a public limited company) after the 2005 annual general meeting.

On 21 May 2014, SAP AG announced during the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders held on the same day, 99% of the shareholder votes approved the conversion of legal form to a European stock corporation (Societas Europaea, SE) and at the same time, elected the first Supervisory Board of SAP SE. The conversion of the company's legal form would take place upon entry in the commercial register, expected to be in July 2014.

SAP SE era

On 7 July 2014, SAP announced it had changed its legal form to a European Company (Societas Europaea, SE). As a result, its German subsidiary was renamed to SAP Deutschland SE & Co. KG. the conversion cost the company approximately €4 million.

Focus on cloud

Since 2012, SAP has and acquired several companies that sell cloud-based products, with several multibillion-dollar acquisitions seen by analysts as an attempt to challenge competitor Oracle. In 2016 SAP bought Concur Technologies, a provider of cloud-based travel and expense management software, for $8.3 billion, SAP's most expensive purchase to that date. Analysts' reactions to the purchase were mixed, with Thomas Becker of Commerzbank questioning whether Concur was the right choice for SAP, while Credit Suisse called the acquisition an "aggressive" move.

In 2014, IBM and SAP began a partnership to sell cloud-based services. Likewise, in 2015, SAP also partnered with HPE to provide secure hybrid cloud-based services running the SAP platform. Both HPE and IBM provide infrastructure services to SAP, and SAP runs its SAP HANA cloud solution on top. SAP has announced additional partnerships with Microsoft in order to give customers tools for data visualization, as well as improved mobile applications.

SAP exceeded its revenue projections due to the expansion in its cloud business and the success of SAP HANA. The growth can also be partially attributed to the acquisitions of Concur and Fieldglass. Since 2017, SAP is a founding member of the EU Cloud Code of Conduct. Since May 2021 SAP has listed selected Cloud Service adherent to the EU Cloud Code of Conduct as one of the first Cloud Service Providers.

The company announced plans in 2016 to invest heavily into technology relating to Internet of Things (IoT) as part of a strategy to capitalize on the growth in that market. For that purpose, €2 billion is planned for investment in relevant sectors by the end of 2020. SAP will also launch a new product line called SAP IoT, which "will combine large amounts of data from things connected to the Internet with machine learning and SAP's real-time database S/4 HANA."

On 29 January 2019, SAP announced plans to cut approximately 4,000 positions at the company in a strategic plan to shift to more modern cloud-based technologies such as blockchain, quantum computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence.

On 13 April 2021, SAP announced the formation of the joint venture SAP Fioneer, a dedicated Financial Services Industry (FSI) Unit between SAP and investment company Dediq GmbH. Dediq GmbH has invested over 500 million euros in the newly formed unit and received an 80 percent share in return. SAP brought its products, organizational units and the sales network into the business and holds 20 percent of the shares.

For the fiscal year 2017, SAP reported earnings of €4 billion, with an annual revenue of €23.5 billion, an increase of 6.3% over the previous fiscal cycle. SAP's shares traded at over US$105 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at US$128 billion in December 2018. This makes SAP the most valuable company in Germany.

Year Revenue
in bn EUR
Net income
in bn EUR
Total Assets
in bn EUR
Employees
2013 16.815 3.326 27.094 66,572
2014 17.560 3.280 38.507 74,406
2015 20.793 3.064 41.390 76,986
2016 22.062 3.646 44.277 84,183
2017 23.461 4.018 42.497 88,543
2018 24.708 4.088 51.502 96.498
2019 27.553 3.370 60.215 100,330
2020 27.338 5.145 58.472 103,876

Acquisitions (1991–now):

Acquisition number Acquired company Acquisition date Specialty Country of origin Acquisition costs
73 AppGyver (Announced February 2021) N-code development platform Finland
72 Signavio (Announced January 2021) Collaborative Business Process Design, Management and Analysis Germany $1b est.
71 Emarsys Oct 2020 Omnichannel marketing Austria
70 Qualtrics Nov 2018 Collect, Manage, act on Experience data USA $8.0b
69 Contextor Nov 2018 Robotic Process Automation France
68 Coresystems Jun 2018 Platform for field service management Switzerland
67 CallidusCloud Jan 2018 Sales Performance Management Tool USA $2.4 b
66 Recast.ai Jan 2018 Conversational User Experience Technology (chatbot) France
65 Gigya Sep 2017 Customer Identity Management Israel $350m
64 Abakus Dec 2016 Marketing attribution USA
63 Plat.One Oct 2016 IoT USA
62 Altiscale Aug 2016 big data and Hadoop Hosting USA $125m+
61 Fedem Technology Jun 2016 IoT Norway
60 MeLLmo Inc. (Roambi) Feb 2016 Mobile Business Intelligence USA
59 Concur Technologies Sep 2014 Travel and Expense Management USA $8.3b
58 SeeWhy May 2014 Behavioural target marketing USA $1.1b
57 Fieldglass Mar 2014 Contingent labour and services USA
56 KXEN Oct 2013 Predictive analytics France
55 hybris May 2013 E-Commerce Solutions Switzerland $1.5b
54 Camilion Mar 2013 Insurance solutions Canada
53 SmartOps Feb 2013 Inventory optimization USA
52 Ticket-Web Feb 2013 Ticket systems and special CRM solutions for sports and entertainment Germany
51 Ariba Oct 2012 Supplier network USA $4.3b
50 Syclo Jun 2012 Mobile asset management USA
49 datango Jan 2012 Electronic performance support technologies Germany
48 SuccessFactors Dec 2011 Human Capital Management USA $3.4b
47 Right Hemisphere Sep 2011 3D visualization USA
46 Crossgate Sep 2011 B2B eCommerce Germany
45 Secude Mar 2011 Security software (Not the whole company, only some assets were acquired) Germany
44 Cundus Dec 2010 Disclosure Management Germany
43 Sybase May 2010 Database, middleware, mobile software USA $5.8b
42 TechniData May 2010 Environmental, Health and Safety Germany
41 SAF Sep 2009 Inventory Management Switzerland $91m
40 Highdeal May 2009 High-volume billing France
39 Visiprise Jul 2008 Manufacturing Execution USA
38 Saicon INC Oct 2014 US Recruitment India
37 BusinessObjects Oct 2007 Business Intelligence France $6.78b
36 Yasu Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Oct 2007 Business Rules Management Software India
35 Wicom Communications May 2007 Internet Communication software Finland
34 MaXware May 2007 Identity software Norway
33 Outlooksoft May 2007 Planning & consolidation USA
32 Pilot Software Feb 2007 Strategy Management software USA ~$200m
31 Factory Logic Dec 2006 Lean scheduling and supply synchronisation USA
30 Praxis Software Solutions Jul 2006 Web-based CRM and eCommerce USA
29 Frictionless Commerce May 2006 SRM software USA
28 Virsa Systems Apr 2006 Compliance solutions USA
27 SAP Systems Integration Dec 2005 Consulting services Germany
26 Callixa Nov 2005 Enterprise Integration Information software USA
25 Khimetrics Nov 2005 retail software USA
24 Triversity Sep 2005 POS software Canada
23 Lighthammer Jun 2005 Manufacturing Intelligence and Collaborative Manufacturing USA
22 DCS Quantum Feb 2005 Automotive Dealer Management United Kingdom
21 TomorrowNow Jan 2005 Grey market support USA
20 ilytix Jan 2005 SAP BusinessOne Business Intelligence Norway
19 A2i Jul 2004 Master Data Management USA
18 SPM Technologies Dec 2003 IT architecture consulting Germany
17 DCW Software Jul 2003 OS/400 Applications Germany
16 Guimachine Dec 2002 NetWeaver Visual Composer toolkit USA
15 IMHC May 2001 Integrated managed health care from IDS USA
14 Expression May 2002 real-time file sharing ?
13 Topmanage Feb 2002 SAP BusinessOne Suite Israel
12 Paynet International AG Dec 2001 Invoice Processing Germany
11 COPA GmbH Nov 2001 Beverage industry consulting Germany
10 Infinite Data Structures May 2001 Trade Management / CRM USA
9 Toptier Mar 2001 Enterprise Information Portal and Integration Infrastructure USA ~$400m
8 Prescient Consulting Feb 2000 Consulting services USA
7 In-Q-My Technologies GmbH 2000 J2EE Server Bulgaria
6 Campbell Software 1999 Workforce Management USA
5 AMC Development 1998 Call Center telephony integration software USA
4 OFEK-Tech 1998 Warehousing and distribution centre software Israel
3 Kiefer & Veittinger 1997 Sales force Applications Germany
2 Dacos 1994 Retail solution Germany
1 Steeb 1991 Software and Consulting Services Germany
SAP CEO meeting with Azerbaijan's leader Ilham Aliyev

As of 2016[update], SAP is the world's third-largest software and programming company. The corporation operates in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, North America, and South America.

SAP focuses on 25 industries and six industry sectors: process industries, discrete industries, consumer industries, service industries, financial services and public services. It offers integrated product sets for large enterprises, mid-sized companies and small businesses.

Service-oriented architecture has been incorporated into the SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system and other products defined within the SAP Enterprise Services Architecture (Enterprise SOA).

Enterprise SOA

SAP Enterprise Service Oriented Architecture (or Enterprise SOA) is SAP SE's service-oriented architecture implementation. Enterprise SOA is enabled by the SAP NetWeaver platform and builds on the benefits of Web services. SAP has positioned Enterprise SOA to deliver the benefits offered by service-oriented architecture, including enabling both flexibility and business efficiency. SAP markets Enterprise SOA (service-oriented architecture) as a cost-effective way of adding new applications to existing infrastructure. SAP Solutions that currently use Enterprise SOA are mySAP CRM, mySAP ERP, and mySAP SRM.

SAP partners include Global Services Partners with cross-industry multinational consulting capabilities, SAP University Alliances, Global Software Partners providing integrated products that complement SAP Business Suite solutions, and Global Technology Partners providing user companies with a wide range of products to support SAP technology, including vendors of hardware, database, storage systems, networks, and mobile computing technology.

Extensions partners are companies which provide functionality that complements SAP product capabilities. Their products are certified, sold, and supported by SAP. These partner companies include Adobe, CA Technologies, GK Software, Tricentis, Hewlett-Packard, IDS Scheer, Mendix, OpenText, Knoa Software, and BackOffice Associates.

SAP has also partnered with Apple to work on the mobile experience for SAP enterprise customers. As part of the partnership, a new SAP HANA Cloud Platform SDK would be delivered exclusively for iOS. As a result, developers can build applications based on the SAP HANA Cloud Platform for the iPhone and iPad devices. The partnership was announced in May 2016.

In 2019, SAP announced a three-year partnership "Embrace" with Microsoft that should allow its clients to move their business process into the cloud. SAP teams up on cloud sales with Microsoft

In 2020 SAP announced that together with Wipro it will co-develop and market "solutions for the retail and fashion industry."

SAP products for small businesses and midsize companies are delivered through its global partner network. The SAP PartnerEdge programme, SAP's partner programme, offers a set of business enablement resources and program benefits to help partners including value-added resellers (VARs) and independent software vendors (ISVs) be profitable and successful in implementing, selling, marketing, developing and delivering SAP products to a broad range of customers.

SAP for Retailing is a comprehensive set of offerings for various retail processes including demand management/forecasting and supply chain at a high level, and specific areas such as contracting, purchasing, goods receipts, invoice verification, accounts payable, pricing, billing, Point-of-Sale and business analytics.

"SAP for Retail" is the title of a book about the software.

SAP Community Network (SCN) is a community of SAP customers, partners, employees, and influencers – typically in roles such as: developers, consultants, integrators, and business analysts – who gain and share knowledge about ABAP, Java, .NET, SOA, and other technologies, plus analytics and dashboards, business process best practices, cloud, mobile, big data, and a range of other topics via blogs, discussion forums, downloads and code samples, training materials, and a technical library.

SAP uses a two-tier structure of boards, with an executive board and a supervisory board. In October 2019, Jennifer Morgan and Christian Klein were appointed as co-CEOs of SAP. In April 2020, it was announced that Jennifer Morgan will leave SAP and Christian Klein will continue to operate as the sole CEO, citing that the current environment of the COVID-19 recession requires "companies to take swift, determined action which is best supported by a very clear leadership structure".

The majority of the company’s employees are in Germany and United States. About 20,000 employees are based in Germanyand about 19,311 employees are based in the United States.

Headquarters is responsible for overall management as well as core engineering activities related to product development. Worldwide customer support is not provided by the field organizations but by a unified organization called Active Global Support (AGS).

SAP Labs are R&D locations that develop and improve SAP core products. SAP Labs are strategically located in high-tech clusters around the globe.

SAP Lab in Shanghai, China

The four most prominent labs of SAP SE are located in Germany, Japan, Israel and the US. Labs Walldorf was founded in 1972 and became SAP's primary location. At the beginning, the focus of SAP's expansion was entering highly developed IT markets; in 1993 Palo Alto became a part of SAP Labs. Aiming to acquire talented employees, SAP opened another lab in Bangalore in 2003.

Among the latest SAP Labs are labs in Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. All three labs have been established in 2016. The lab in India as of 2016 is SAP's largest outside Germany.

In order to manage SAP Labs, SAP Labs Network (SLN) was created. SLN is a global unit that manages regional Labs and shares best business practices. It coordinates and distributes development projects among individual SAP Labs locations, accelerates product delivery, gives SAP full access to talent, and drives SAP corporate strategy regarding innovation and business growth.

SAP User Groups are independent, nonprofit organizations of SAP customers and SAP partners. They serve as communications channel for their members towards SAP and for SAP towards the markets. The Americas' SAP Users' Group (ASUG) is the company's largest user group, with 100,000 individuals at 3,800 companies. ASUG members are professionals who work in more than 17 industries. Many are technical and business process experts in the SAP ecosystem; they have varied levels of experience, and come from small businesses to global corporations, as well as universities. In 2007, the SAP User Group Executive Network (SUGEN) was established.

SAP provoked controversy and frustration among its users in 2008 by raising the cost of its maintenance contracts. The issue was the subject of intense discussion among user groups.

SAP Business Technology Platform, formerly known as SAP Cloud Platform (SCP) is SAP's platform-as-a-service (PaaS) that is used to deliver in-memory capabilities and microservices for building and extending, mobile-enabled cloud applications. The infrastructure is offered through a global network of SAP-managed data centers. SAP Cloud Platform is an open platform-as-a-service, which includes the in-memory SAP HANA database management system, connects to both on-premises and cloud-based systems running SAP or other third-party software, and relies on open standards, like Java, JavaScript, Node.js, and Cloud Foundry for integration options.

SAP Cloud Platform is promoted to build and extend business applications with rapid innovation cycles. SAP and Apple Inc. partnered to develop mobile applications on iOS using cloud-based software development kits (SDKs) for the SAP Cloud Platform. SAP founding development partners for their Cloud Platform include Accenture, Celonis, EnterpriseAlumni, and Walmart.

SAP Cloud Platform is based on open source technology, developed and supported in partnership with SUSE. The company is also in partnership with Cloud Foundry for a beta offering of SAP Cloud Platform that enables customers to test out and give feedback for the functionalities coming with Cloud Foundry.

As part of the "RISE with SAP" program, the SCP was renamed as SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP).

Main article: SAP S/4HANA

In 2015, the company launched S/4HANA, the newest generation of the SAP Business Suite. It was written natively for the SAP HANA platform. It offers cloud, on-premises and hybrid deployment options to customers, with its benefits including a smaller data footprint, higher throughput, faster analytics, faster access to data and better user experience. It also allows existing SAP Business Suite customers to upgrade to this product from SAP Business Suite.

In 2016, SAP introduced SAP HANA, Express Edition which is meant to run on personal computers or on cloud computing platforms for students and other small-scale developers.

"The SAP Enterprise Learning solution is part of SAP ERP HCM" is a quote from a 2009-published book about the subject. The acronym ERP refers to Enterprise Resource Management; HCM refers to Human Capital Management.

There are other books on SAP ERP HCM including:

  • Mastering HR Management with SAP ERP HCM
  • Talent Management with SAP ERP HCM

SAP Enterprise Learning is a learning management system, for large and medium-sized enterprises, from SAP, and it contains a virtual learning room feature powered by Adobe Connect. A sample can be experienced in the SAP Learning on Demand Portal. SAP uses this for delivering online training as a Learning on Demand offering; some of this content is freely available as e-books or simulations. The company has a book on this subject, available since June 2009.

SAP launched the SAP store in March 2015 as its principal e-commerce property to allow customers to buy its products directly on the Web rather than through traditional sales channels. Customers can purchase free trials or starter editions and can pay by credit card or PayPal.

Launched in 2016, the SAP App Center is an online application marketplace for third-party applications that integrate with and extend SAP products. While some applications are available for free, others involve a monthly or yearly subscription fee. Applications available range from integrations with content management software to mobile approval management and payment platforms. As of July 2018, it features over 1,500 applications. Major vendors and service providers, such as Accenture, are part of it.

SAP has two annual conferences:

  • SAPPHIRE is SAP's customer-facing event, where it generally announces major product changes and strategic direction. It is typically held in the spring in North America.
  • SAP TechEd is the company's more technical conference, aimed at SAP's ecosystem of consultants and software development partners. SAP TechEd has been held annually since 1995.

SAP competitors are primarily in the enterprise resource planning software industry. In this field, Oracle Corporation is SAP's major competitor. SAP also competes in the customer relationship management, marketing & sales software, manufacturing, warehousing & industrial software, and supply chain management & logistics software sectors.

Oracle Corporation filed a lawsuit against SAP for malpractice and unfair competition in the California courts in 2007. SAP lost the case in 2010 and was ordered to pay $1.3 billion, which was cited as the largest copyright infringement judgment in history. The verdict was overturned in 2011, and the lawsuit was finally settled in 2014 for $356.7 million.

The resulting pressure saw SAP and SUGEN (SAP User Group Executive Network) agree to a major benchmarking exercise to prove the value of the new support pricing policy to customers. In December 2009, SAP delayed its Enterprise Support price rises until agreement had been reached on the benchmarks and KPIs (Key Performance Indicators).

In January 2010, SAP reversed its direction on Enterprise Support and reintroduced its standard support package for customers. The move to reinstate standard support – at 18 percent of annual license fees, "will enable all customers to choose the option that best meets their requirements", the company said.

In August 2013, SAP acquired German software company Hybris for eCommerce capabilities.

SAP has donated several millions of dollars to a variety of global health causes including the Product Red campaign and the Global Fund. In addition, SAP has distributed free software in South Africa as part of an effort towards developing future markets there. The company also encourages employees to volunteer through social sabbaticals, sending teams of people to different countries to aid non-profits. SAP employees have volunteered in China, India, Brazil, and South Africa.

The SAP Arena opened in Mannheim in 2005, and is the home of the Adler Mannheim ice hockey team and Rhein-Neckar Löwen handball team. Since 2013, the company is name sponsor of the SAP Center at San Jose, California. The team also sponsors the Formula One racing team McLaren, the Formula E team Mercedes Benz EQ, German football team TSG 1899 Hoffenheim, NFL teams the New York Giants and New York Jets, the City Football Group, and eSports squad Team Liquid. It was the title sponsor of the Formula One United States Grand Prix from 2000 to 2002.

SAP ambassadors include German tennis player Angelique Kerber, German eventing rider Ingrid Klimke, and South African golfers Ernie Els, Gary Player and Branden Grace.

SAP also engages in outreach activities within its company. In 2013, the company launched an initiative to hire employees with autism and Asperger syndrome, citing their undervalued ability to contribute to its workforce. SAP aims to compose 1% of its workforce with individuals with autism by the year 2020.

US-Iran Sanctions

In 2021, SAP admitted in a United States court that it exported software to firms in Iran, contrary to US sanctions against Iran, which led to a fine of $8 million.

East African allegations

In February 2019, SAP was accused of ‘improper conduct’ linked to state contracts in Kenya and Tanzania. An anonymous whistle-blower claims, through a firm of attorneys, that SAP used Twenty Third Century Systems (TTCS) to bribe officials at the Tanzania Ports Authority (TPA) to win a US$6.6 million enterprise resource planning software tender that involved the provision of software licenses and services.

South African allegations

In July 2017, allegations were made that SAP had been involved in business transactions with the controversial and politically influential Gupta family in South Africa. SAP was accused of paying CAD House, a Gupta-controlled company, R100 million in order to secure a Transnet deal. SAP denied the allegations, claiming that the money was paid as "an extension of the sales force", despite CAD House having no prior SAP experience.

The Guptas' dealings with SAP were revealed in a widely publicized e-mail leak.

As a consequence of the allegations, SAP launched an investigation that led to four of its South African managers being placed on administrative leave along with the seizure of their mobile phones and computers. Claas Kuehnemann was named as acting managing director for Africa while the investigation continued.

On 26 October 2017, SAP announced that it had voluntarily reported itself to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for a possible violation of US law, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), related to the South African bribery allegations. SAP's own investigation, conducted by law firm Baker McKenzie, revealed that SAP had paid $7.7 million in commissions to third-parties linked to the Gupta family while securing contracts worth $48 million with Transnet and Eskom.

Panamanian bribery

Since May 2015, the company has dealt with a series of high-profile bribery investigations, including one that led to them paying $3.9 million to settle U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission civil charges over a former executive's scheme to bribe Panama government officials in order to win lucrative technology contracts.

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SAP
SAP Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from SAP SE For other uses see SAP disambiguation Coordinates 49 17 38 N 8 38 22 E 49 2938038 N 8 639581 E 49 2938038 8 639581 SAP SE ˌ ɛ s eɪ ˈ p iː is a German multinational software corporation based in Walldorf Baden Wurttemberg that develops enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations 2 3 The company is especially known for its ERP software 4 5 SAP is the largest non American software company by revenue the world s third largest publicly traded software company by revenue and the largest German company by market capitalisation 6 7 SAP SEHeadquarters in Walldorf Baden WurttembergTypePublic Societas Europaea Traded asFWB SAP NYSE SAP DAX ComponentISINDE0007164600IndustryEnterprise software Business software Cloud computingFoundedWeinheim Germany 1972 49 years ago 1972 FounderDietmar Hopp Hans Werner Hector Hasso Plattner Klaus Tschira Claus WellenreutherHeadquartersDietmar Hopp Allee 16 Walldorf Baden Wurttemberg GermanyArea servedWorldwideKey peopleHasso Plattner Chairman Christian Klein CEO ProductsSAP S 4HANASAP HANASAP Business ByDesignSAP Business OneSAP CRMSAP ERPSAP PLMSAP SCMSAP SRMSAP SuccessFactorsSAP NetWeaverABAPSAP Cloud PlatformSAP Converged Cloud Full List ServicesApplicationsConsultingCloudRevenue 27 33 billion 2020 1 Operating income 6 62 billion 2020 1 Net income 5 28 billion 2020 1 Total assets 58 47 billion 2020 1 Total equity 29 92 billion 2020 1 Number of employees102 430 2020 1 Websitewww wbr sap wbr com Historical references include Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing 2 SAP AG and SAP SE Contents 1 Company overview 2 History 2 1 Formation 2 2 Enterprise Resource Planning 2 3 Corporate restructuring 2 4 SAP AG era 2 5 SAP SE era 2 6 Focus on cloud 3 Finances 4 Acquisitions 5 Business and markets 6 Enterprise service oriented architecture 6 1 Enterprise SOA 7 Partnerships 8 SAP PartnerEdge 9 SAP for Retailing 10 Communities 11 Organization 12 SAP Labs 13 SAP User Groups 14 SAP Business Technology Platform 15 SAP S 4HANA 16 SAP Enterprise Learning 17 SAP Store 18 SAP App Center 19 Conferences 20 Competitive landscape 21 Philanthropic efforts 22 Sponsorships 23 Autism hiring 24 Bribery and corruption 24 1 US Iran Sanctions 24 2 East African allegations 24 3 South African allegations 24 4 Panamanian bribery 25 See also 26 References 27 External linksCompany overview EditFounded in 1972 as a private partnership named Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung lit System Analysis and Software Development SAP GbR which in 1981 fully became Systeme Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung SAP GmbH after a five year transition period beginning in 1976 2 1972 1980 In 2005 it further restructured itself as SAP AG Since 7 July 2014 its corporate structure is that of a pan European societas Europaea SE 8 9 as such its former German corporate identity is now a subsidiary SAP Deutschland SE amp Co KG 8 SAP is headquartered in Walldorf Baden Wurttemberg Germany with regional offices in 180 countries 10 3 The company has over 425 000 customers in over 180 countries 11 and is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index 12 A 2001 article said it was the third biggest software company in the world 13 History EditFormation Edit When Xerox exited the computer hardware manufacturing industry in 1971 14 it asked IBM to migrate its business systems to IBM technology As part of IBM s compensation for the migration IBM was given the rights to the Scientific Data Systems SDS SAPE software reportedly for a contract credit of 80 000 Five IBM engineers from the AI department 15 16 Dietmar Hopp Klaus Tschira Hans Werner Hector Hasso Plattner and Claus Wellenreuther all from Mannheim Baden Wurttemberg were working on an enterprise wide system based on this software only to be told that it would no longer be necessary Rather than abandoning the project they decided to leave IBM Tech and start another company 4 17 In June 1972 they founded the SAP Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung System Analysis and Program Development SAPD company as a private partnership under the German Civil Code 18 Their first client was the German branch of Imperial Chemical Industries in Ostringen 19 where they developed mainframe programs for payroll and accounting Instead of storing the data on punch cards mechanically as IBM did they stored it locally in the Electronic System while using a common Logical database for all activities of Organization clarification needed Therefore they called their software a real time system since there was no need to process the punch cards overnight for this reason their flagship product carried an R in its name until the late 1990s This first version was also a standalone software that could be offered to other interested parties 20 Enterprise Resource Planning Edit In 1973 the first commercial product was launched SAP completes its first financial accounting system RF This system serves as the cornerstone in the ongoing development of other software modules of the system that will eventually bear the name SAP R 1 18 This offered a common system for multiple tasks This permitted the use of a centralized data storage improving the maintenance of data From a technical point of view therefore a database was necessary 21 In 1976 SAP GmbH Systeme Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing was founded as a sales and support subsidiary Five years later the private partnership was dissolved and its rights were passed on to SAP GmbH 18 The headquarters moved the following year to Walldorf Germany Three years later in 1979 SAP launched SAP R 2 expanding the capabilities of the system to other areas such as material management and production planning In 1981 SAP brought a re designed product to market However SAP R 2 did not improve until the period between 1985 and 1990 SAP released the new SAP R 3 in 1992 SAP developed and released several versions of R 3 through 1995 By the mid 1990s SAP followed the trend from mainframe computing to client server architectures The development of SAP s internet strategy with mySAP com redesigned the concept of business processes integration via Internet 17 As a result R 3 was replaced with the introduction of SAP ERP Central Component ECC 5 0 in 2004 22 Architectural changes were also made to support an enterprise service architecture to transition customers to a services oriented architecture The latest version SAP ERP 6 0 was released in 2006 SAP ERP 6 0 has since then been updated through SAP enhancement packs the most recent SAP enhancement package 8 for SAP ERP 6 0 in 2016 23 Corporate restructuring Edit In August 1988 SAP GmbH became SAP AG and public trading started on 4 November 1988 Shares were listed on the Frankfurt and Stuttgart stock exchanges 17 In 1995 SAP was included in the German stock index DAX and on 22 September 2003 SAP was included in the STOXX Europe 50 24 SAP AG era Edit The company s official name became SAP AG a public limited company after the 2005 annual general meeting On 21 May 2014 SAP AG announced during the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders held on the same day 99 of the shareholder votes approved the conversion of legal form to a European stock corporation Societas Europaea SE and at the same time elected the first Supervisory Board of SAP SE The conversion of the company s legal form would take place upon entry in the commercial register expected to be in July 2014 25 26 SAP SE era Edit On 7 July 2014 SAP announced it had changed its legal form to a European Company Societas Europaea SE As a result its German subsidiary was renamed to SAP Deutschland SE amp Co KG 8 27 the conversion cost the company approximately 4 million 28 Focus on cloud Edit Since 2012 SAP has and acquired several companies that sell cloud based products with several multibillion dollar acquisitions seen by analysts as an attempt to challenge competitor Oracle 29 In 2016 SAP bought Concur Technologies a provider of cloud based travel and expense management software for 8 3 billion SAP s most expensive purchase to that date 30 Analysts reactions to the purchase were mixed with Thomas Becker of Commerzbank questioning whether Concur was the right choice for SAP while Credit Suisse called the acquisition an aggressive move 31 In 2014 IBM and SAP began a partnership to sell cloud based services 32 Likewise in 2015 SAP also partnered with HPE to provide secure hybrid cloud based services running the SAP platform 33 Both HPE and IBM provide infrastructure services to SAP and SAP runs its SAP HANA cloud solution on top SAP has announced additional partnerships with Microsoft in order to give customers tools for data visualization as well as improved mobile applications 34 SAP exceeded its revenue projections due to the expansion in its cloud business and the success of SAP HANA The growth can also be partially attributed to the acquisitions of Concur and Fieldglass 35 Since 2017 SAP is a founding member of the EU Cloud Code of Conduct 36 Since May 2021 SAP has listed selected Cloud Service adherent to the EU Cloud Code of Conduct as one of the first Cloud Service Providers 37 The company announced plans in 2016 to invest heavily into technology relating to Internet of Things IoT as part of a strategy to capitalize on the growth in that market For that purpose 2 billion is planned for investment in relevant sectors by the end of 2020 38 SAP will also launch a new product line called SAP IoT which will combine large amounts of data from things connected to the Internet with machine learning and SAP s real time database S 4 HANA 38 On 29 January 2019 SAP announced plans to cut approximately 4 000 positions at the company in a strategic plan to shift to more modern cloud based technologies such as blockchain quantum computing machine learning Internet of Things and artificial intelligence 39 On 13 April 2021 SAP announced the formation of the joint venture SAP Fioneer a dedicated Financial Services Industry FSI Unit between SAP and investment company Dediq GmbH 40 41 Dediq GmbH has invested over 500 million euros in the newly formed unit and received an 80 percent share in return SAP brought its products organizational units and the sales network into the business and holds 20 percent of the shares 42 Finances EditFor the fiscal year 2017 SAP reported earnings of 4 billion with an annual revenue of 23 5 billion an increase of 6 3 over the previous fiscal cycle 43 SAP s shares traded at over US 105 per share and its market capitalization was valued at US 128 billion in December 2018 This makes SAP the most valuable company in Germany 44 Year Revenue in bn EUR Net income in bn EUR Total Assets in bn EUR Employees2013 16 815 3 326 27 094 66 5722014 17 560 3 280 38 507 74 4062015 20 793 3 064 41 390 76 9862016 22 062 3 646 44 277 84 1832017 23 461 4 018 42 497 88 5432018 24 708 4 088 51 502 96 4982019 45 27 553 3 370 60 215 100 3302020 46 27 338 5 145 58 472 103 876Acquisitions EditAcquisitions 1991 now 47 Acquisition number Acquired company Acquisition date Specialty Country of origin Acquisition costs73 AppGyver Announced February 2021 N code development platform Finland72 Signavio Announced January 2021 Collaborative Business Process Design Management and Analysis Germany 1b est 71 Emarsys Oct 2020 48 Omnichannel marketing Austria70 Qualtrics Nov 2018 49 50 Collect Manage act on Experience data USA 8 0b69 Contextor Nov 2018 51 Robotic Process Automation France68 Coresystems Jun 2018 52 Platform for field service management Switzerland67 CallidusCloud Jan 2018 53 Sales Performance Management Tool USA 2 4 b66 Recast ai Jan 2018 54 Conversational User Experience Technology chatbot France65 Gigya Sep 2017 55 Customer Identity Management Israel 350m64 Abakus Dec 2016 56 Marketing attribution USA63 Plat One Oct 2016 57 58 IoT USA62 Altiscale Aug 2016 59 big data and Hadoop Hosting USA 125m 61 Fedem Technology Jun 2016 60 IoT Norway60 MeLLmo Inc Roambi Feb 2016 61 Mobile Business Intelligence USA59 Concur Technologies Sep 2014 62 Travel and Expense Management USA 8 3b58 SeeWhy May 2014 Behavioural target marketing USA 1 1b57 Fieldglass Mar 2014 Contingent labour and services USA56 KXEN Oct 2013 Predictive analytics France55 hybris May 2013 E Commerce Solutions Switzerland 1 5b54 Camilion Mar 2013 Insurance solutions Canada53 SmartOps Feb 2013 Inventory optimization USA52 Ticket Web Feb 2013 63 Ticket systems and special CRM solutions for sports and entertainment Germany51 Ariba Oct 2012 Supplier network USA 4 3b50 Syclo Jun 2012 Mobile asset management USA49 datango Jan 2012 Electronic performance support technologies Germany48 SuccessFactors Dec 2011 Human Capital Management USA 3 4b47 Right Hemisphere Sep 2011 3D visualization USA46 Crossgate Sep 2011 B2B eCommerce Germany45 Secude Mar 2011 Security software Not the whole company only some assets were acquired Germany44 Cundus Dec 2010 Disclosure Management Germany43 Sybase May 2010 Database middleware mobile software USA 5 8b42 TechniData May 2010 Environmental Health and Safety Germany41 SAF Sep 2009 Inventory Management Switzerland 91m40 Highdeal May 2009 High volume billing France39 Visiprise Jul 2008 Manufacturing Execution USA38 Saicon INC Oct 2014 US Recruitment India37 BusinessObjects Oct 2007 Business Intelligence France 6 78b36 Yasu Technologies Pvt Ltd Oct 2007 Business Rules Management Software India35 Wicom Communications May 2007 Internet Communication software Finland34 MaXware May 2007 Identity software Norway33 Outlooksoft May 2007 64 Planning amp consolidation USA32 Pilot Software Feb 2007 Strategy Management software USA 200m31 Factory Logic Dec 2006 Lean scheduling and supply synchronisation USA30 Praxis Software Solutions Jul 2006 Web based CRM and eCommerce USA29 Frictionless Commerce May 2006 SRM software USA28 Virsa Systems Apr 2006 Compliance solutions USA27 SAP Systems Integration Dec 2005 Consulting services Germany26 Callixa Nov 2005 Enterprise Integration Information software USA25 Khimetrics Nov 2005 retail software USA24 Triversity Sep 2005 POS software Canada23 Lighthammer Jun 2005 65 Manufacturing Intelligence and Collaborative Manufacturing USA22 DCS Quantum Feb 2005 Automotive Dealer Management United Kingdom21 TomorrowNow Jan 2005 Grey market support USA20 ilytix Jan 2005 SAP BusinessOne Business Intelligence Norway19 A2i Jul 2004 66 Master Data Management USA18 SPM Technologies Dec 2003 67 IT architecture consulting Germany17 DCW Software Jul 2003 OS 400 Applications Germany16 Guimachine Dec 2002 NetWeaver Visual Composer toolkit USA15 IMHC May 2001 Integrated managed health care from IDS USA14 Expression May 2002 real time file sharing 13 Topmanage Feb 2002 SAP BusinessOne Suite Israel12 Paynet International AG Dec 2001 Invoice Processing Germany11 COPA GmbH Nov 2001 Beverage industry consulting Germany10 Infinite Data Structures May 2001 Trade Management CRM USA9 Toptier Mar 2001 Enterprise Information Portal and Integration Infrastructure USA 400m8 Prescient Consulting Feb 2000 Consulting services USA7 In Q My Technologies GmbH 2000 J2EE Server Bulgaria6 Campbell Software 1999 68 Workforce Management USA5 AMC Development 1998 Call Center telephony integration software USA4 OFEK Tech 1998 Warehousing and distribution centre software Israel3 Kiefer amp Veittinger 1997 Sales force Applications Germany2 Dacos 1994 Retail solution Germany1 Steeb 1991 69 Software and Consulting Services GermanyBusiness and markets Edit SAP CEO meeting with Azerbaijan s leader Ilham Aliyev As of 2016 update SAP is the world s third largest software and programming company 70 The corporation operates in Europe Asia Africa the Middle East North America and South America 71 SAP focuses on 25 industries and six industry sectors process industries discrete industries consumer industries service industries financial services and public services 72 It offers integrated product sets for large enterprises 73 mid sized companies and small businesses 74 Enterprise service oriented architecture EditService oriented architecture has been incorporated into the SAP ERP Enterprise Resource Planning system and other products defined within the SAP Enterprise Services Architecture Enterprise SOA Enterprise SOA Edit SAP Enterprise Service Oriented Architecture or Enterprise SOA is SAP SE s service oriented architecture implementation 75 Enterprise SOA is enabled by the SAP NetWeaver platform and builds on the benefits of Web services SAP has positioned Enterprise SOA to deliver the benefits offered by service oriented architecture including enabling both flexibility and business efficiency SAP markets Enterprise SOA service oriented architecture as a cost effective way of adding new applications to existing infrastructure 76 SAP Solutions that currently use Enterprise SOA are mySAP CRM mySAP ERP and mySAP SRM Partnerships EditSAP partners include Global Services Partners with cross industry multinational consulting capabilities 77 SAP University Alliances 78 Global Software Partners providing integrated products that complement SAP Business Suite solutions 79 and Global Technology Partners providing user companies with a wide range of products to support SAP technology including vendors of hardware database storage systems networks and mobile computing technology 80 Extensions partners are companies which provide functionality that complements SAP product capabilities Their products are certified sold and supported by SAP These partner companies include Adobe CA Technologies GK Software 81 Tricentis 82 Hewlett Packard IDS Scheer Mendix 83 OpenText 84 Knoa Software and BackOffice Associates 85 SAP has also partnered with Apple to work on the mobile experience for SAP enterprise customers As part of the partnership a new SAP HANA Cloud Platform SDK would be delivered exclusively for iOS As a result developers can build applications based on the SAP HANA Cloud Platform for the iPhone and iPad devices The partnership was announced in May 2016 86 In 2019 SAP announced a three year partnership Embrace with Microsoft that should allow its clients to move their business process into the cloud SAP teams up on cloud sales with Microsoft In 2020 SAP announced that together with Wipro it will co develop and market solutions for the retail and fashion industry 87 SAP PartnerEdge EditSAP products for small businesses and midsize companies are delivered through its global partner network The SAP PartnerEdge programme SAP s partner programme offers a set of business enablement resources and program benefits to help partners including value added resellers VARs and independent software vendors ISVs be profitable and successful in implementing selling marketing developing and delivering SAP products to a broad range of customers 88 SAP for Retailing EditSAP for Retailing is a comprehensive set of offerings for various retail processes including demand management forecasting and supply chain at a high level and specific areas such as contracting purchasing goods receipts invoice verification accounts payable pricing billing Point of Sale and business analytics SAP for Retail is the title of a book about the software 89 Communities EditSAP Community Network SCN is a community of SAP customers partners employees and influencers typically in roles such as developers consultants integrators and business analysts who gain and share knowledge about ABAP Java NET SOA and other technologies plus analytics and dashboards business process best practices cloud mobile big data and a range of other topics via blogs discussion forums downloads and code samples training materials and a technical library 90 Organization EditSAP uses a two tier structure of boards with an executive board and a supervisory board 91 92 In October 2019 Jennifer Morgan and Christian Klein were appointed as co CEOs of SAP 93 In April 2020 it was announced that Jennifer Morgan will leave SAP and Christian Klein will continue to operate as the sole CEO citing that the current environment of the COVID 19 recession requires companies to take swift determined action which is best supported by a very clear leadership structure 94 The majority of the company s employees are in Germany and United States About 20 000 employees are based in Germany 95 and about 19 311 employees are based in the United States 96 97 Headquarters is responsible for overall management as well as core engineering activities related to product development Worldwide customer support is not provided by the field organizations but by a unified organization called Active Global Support AGS 98 SAP Labs EditSAP Labs are R amp D locations that develop and improve SAP core products SAP Labs are strategically located in high tech clusters around the globe 13 Locations of SAP Labs Country Main location s Germany Walldorf Rot Markdorf BerlinUnited States Silicon ValleyIndia BangaloreChina ShanghaiBrazil Sao LeopoldoBulgaria SofiaCanada Vancouver Montreal WaterlooSouth Korea SeoulVietnam Ho Chi Minh CityIsrael Ra ananaRussia MoscowFrance Paris Sophia AntipolisIreland DublinHungary BudapestSlovakia BratislavaCzech Republic BrnoPoland Gliwice SAP Lab in Shanghai China The four most prominent labs of SAP SE are located in Germany Japan Israel and the US Labs Walldorf was founded in 1972 and became SAP s primary location At the beginning the focus of SAP s expansion was entering highly developed IT markets in 1993 Palo Alto became a part of SAP Labs Aiming to acquire talented employees SAP opened another lab in Bangalore in 2003 13 Among the latest SAP Labs are labs in Czech Republic Slovakia and Poland All three labs have been established in 2016 The lab in India as of 2016 is SAP s largest outside Germany In order to manage SAP Labs SAP Labs Network SLN was created SLN is a global unit that manages regional Labs and shares best business practices It coordinates and distributes development projects among individual SAP Labs locations accelerates product delivery gives SAP full access to talent and drives SAP corporate strategy regarding innovation and business growth 99 SAP User Groups EditSAP User Groups are independent nonprofit organizations of SAP customers and SAP partners They serve as communications channel for their members towards SAP and for SAP towards the markets The Americas SAP Users Group ASUG 100 is the company s largest user group with 100 000 individuals at 3 800 companies ASUG members are professionals who work in more than 17 industries Many are technical and business process experts in the SAP ecosystem they have varied levels of experience and come from small businesses to global corporations as well as universities In 2007 the SAP User Group Executive Network SUGEN was established SAP provoked controversy and frustration among its users in 2008 by raising the cost of its maintenance contracts The issue was the subject of intense discussion among user groups 101 SAP Business Technology Platform EditSAP Business Technology Platform formerly known as SAP Cloud Platform SCP is SAP s platform as a service PaaS 102 that is used to deliver in memory capabilities and microservices for building and extending mobile enabled cloud applications The infrastructure is offered through a global network of SAP managed data centers SAP Cloud Platform is an open platform as a service which includes the in memory SAP HANA database management system connects to both on premises and cloud based systems running SAP or other third party software and relies on open standards like Java JavaScript Node js and Cloud Foundry for integration options SAP Cloud Platform is promoted to build and extend business applications with rapid innovation cycles SAP and Apple Inc partnered to develop mobile applications on iOS using cloud based software development kits SDKs for the SAP Cloud Platform SAP founding development partners 103 for their Cloud Platform include Accenture Celonis EnterpriseAlumni and Walmart SAP Cloud Platform is based on open source technology developed and supported in partnership with SUSE The company is also in partnership with Cloud Foundry for a beta offering of SAP Cloud Platform that enables customers to test out and give feedback for the functionalities coming with Cloud Foundry As part of the RISE with SAP program the SCP was renamed as SAP Business Technology Platform BTP SAP S 4HANA EditMain article SAP S 4HANA In 2015 the company launched S 4HANA the newest generation of the SAP Business Suite It was written natively for the SAP HANA platform It offers cloud on premises and hybrid deployment options to customers with its benefits including a smaller data footprint higher throughput faster analytics faster access to data and better user experience It also allows existing SAP Business Suite customers to upgrade to this product from SAP Business Suite 104 In 2016 SAP introduced SAP HANA Express Edition which is meant to run on personal computers or on cloud computing platforms for students and other small scale developers 105 SAP Enterprise Learning Edit The SAP Enterprise Learning solution is part of SAP ERP HCM is a quote from a 2009 published book about the subject 106 The acronym ERP refers to Enterprise Resource Management HCM refers to Human Capital Management 107 There are other books on SAP ERP HCM including Mastering HR Management with SAP ERP HCM 108 Talent Management with SAP ERP HCM 109 SAP Enterprise Learning is a learning management system for large and medium sized enterprises from SAP and it contains a virtual learning room feature powered by Adobe Connect 110 A sample can be experienced in the SAP Learning on Demand Portal SAP uses this for delivering online training 111 as a Learning on Demand offering some of this content is freely available 112 as e books or simulations The company has a book on this subject available since June 2009 113 SAP Store EditSAP launched the SAP store in March 2015 as its principal e commerce property to allow customers to buy its products directly on the Web rather than through traditional sales channels Customers can purchase free trials or starter editions and can pay by credit card or PayPal SAP App Center EditLaunched in 2016 the SAP App Center is an online application marketplace for third party applications that integrate with and extend SAP products While some applications are available for free others 114 115 involve a monthly or yearly subscription fee Applications available range from integrations with content management software to mobile approval management and payment platforms As of July 2018 it features over 1 500 applications Major vendors and service providers such as Accenture 116 are part of it Conferences EditSAP has two annual conferences SAPPHIRE is SAP s customer facing event where it generally announces major product changes and strategic direction It is typically held in the spring in North America 117 118 SAP TechEd is the company s more technical conference aimed at SAP s ecosystem of consultants and software development partners 119 120 SAP TechEd has been held annually since 1995 Competitive landscape EditSAP competitors are primarily in the enterprise resource planning software industry In this field Oracle Corporation is SAP s major competitor SAP also competes in the customer relationship management marketing amp sales software manufacturing warehousing amp industrial software and supply chain management amp logistics software sectors 121 Oracle Corporation filed a lawsuit against SAP for malpractice and unfair competition in the California courts in 2007 SAP lost the case in 2010 and was ordered to pay 1 3 billion which was cited as the largest copyright infringement judgment in history 122 The verdict was overturned in 2011 123 and the lawsuit was finally settled in 2014 for 356 7 million 124 The resulting pressure saw SAP and SUGEN SAP User Group Executive Network agree to a major benchmarking exercise to prove the value of the new support pricing policy to customers In December 2009 SAP delayed its Enterprise Support price rises until agreement had been reached on the benchmarks and KPIs Key Performance Indicators 125 In January 2010 SAP reversed its direction on Enterprise Support and reintroduced its standard support package for customers The move to reinstate standard support at 18 percent of annual license fees will enable all customers to choose the option that best meets their requirements the company said 126 In August 2013 SAP acquired German software company Hybris for eCommerce capabilities 127 128 Philanthropic efforts EditSAP has donated several millions of dollars to a variety of global health causes including the Product Red campaign and the Global Fund 129 130 In addition SAP has distributed free software in South Africa as part of an effort towards developing future markets there 131 The company also encourages employees to volunteer through social sabbaticals sending teams of people to different countries to aid non profits SAP employees have volunteered in China India Brazil and South Africa 132 Sponsorships EditThe SAP Arena opened in Mannheim in 2005 and is the home of the Adler Mannheim ice hockey team and Rhein Neckar Lowen handball team Since 2013 the company is name sponsor of the SAP Center at San Jose California The team also sponsors the Formula One racing team McLaren the Formula E team Mercedes Benz EQ German football team TSG 1899 Hoffenheim NFL teams the New York Giants and New York Jets the City Football Group and eSports squad Team Liquid It was the title sponsor of the Formula One United States Grand Prix from 2000 to 2002 SAP ambassadors include German tennis player Angelique Kerber German eventing rider Ingrid Klimke and South African golfers Ernie Els Gary Player and Branden Grace Autism hiring EditSAP also engages in outreach activities within its company In 2013 the company launched an initiative to hire employees with autism and Asperger syndrome citing their undervalued ability to contribute to its workforce SAP aims to compose 1 of its workforce with individuals with autism by the year 2020 133 Bribery and corruption EditUS Iran Sanctions Edit In 2021 SAP admitted in a United States court that it exported software to firms in Iran contrary to US sanctions against Iran which led to a fine of 8 million 134 135 136 East African allegations Edit In February 2019 SAP was accused of improper conduct linked to state contracts in Kenya and Tanzania An anonymous whistle blower claims through a firm of attorneys that SAP used Twenty Third Century Systems TTCS to bribe officials at the Tanzania Ports Authority TPA to win a US 6 6 million enterprise resource planning software tender that involved the provision of software licenses and services 137 South African allegations Edit In July 2017 allegations were made that SAP had been involved in business transactions with the controversial and politically influential Gupta family in South Africa SAP was accused of paying CAD House a Gupta controlled company R100 million in order to secure a Transnet deal SAP denied the allegations claiming that the money was paid as an extension of the sales force despite CAD House having no prior SAP experience 138 139 The Guptas dealings with SAP were revealed in a widely publicized e mail leak 140 141 As a consequence of the allegations SAP launched an investigation that led to four of its South African managers being placed on administrative leave along with the seizure of their mobile phones and computers 142 Claas Kuehnemann was named as acting managing director for Africa while the investigation continued 143 On 26 October 2017 SAP announced that it had voluntarily reported itself to the U S Securities and Exchange Commission SEC for a possible violation of US law including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act FCPA related to the South African bribery allegations SAP s own investigation conducted by law firm Baker McKenzie revealed that SAP had paid 7 7 million in commissions to third parties linked to the Gupta family while securing contracts worth 48 million with Transnet and Eskom 144 145 146 Panamanian bribery Edit Since May 2015 the company has dealt with a series of high profile bribery investigations 147 138 137 including one that led to them paying 3 9 million to settle U S Securities and Exchange Commission civil charges over a former executive s scheme to bribe Panama government officials in order to win lucrative technology contracts 147 148 See also Edit Companies portal List of ERP software packages List of SAP products SAP implementationReferences Edit a b c d e f SAP Q4 2020 Quarterly Statement PDF SAP SE Retrieved 19 February 2021 a b c SAP Company History Retrieved 25 January 2017 a b SAP Software SAP Implementations SAP Company Profile Panorama Consulting Solutions Retrieved 19 March 2019 a b SAP Chief to Leave as Software Giant Shakes Up Management The New York Times 10 October 2019 NYTimes the world s leading enterprise software company World s Top 10 Software Companies Retrieved 28 July 2020 Companies ranked by Market Cap CompaniesMarketCap com companiesmarketcap com Retrieved 21 April 2021 a b c SAP Now European Company SE SAP News Center SAP SE 7 July 2014 Retrieved 11 July 2020 SAP SE Germany HRB719915 European e Justice Portal European Commission via Unternehmensregister data ultimately from data registered with Mannheim District Court Retrieved 10 July 2020 SAP at a Glance Company Information Archived from the original on 29 June 2014 Retrieved 27 January 2015 SAP Corporate Fact Sheet SAP Retrieved 19 March 2019 Borse Frankfurt Frankfurt Stock Exchange Stock market quotes charts and news Archived from the original on 8 February 2019 Retrieved 22 October 2015 a b c Satya Prakash Singh 15 October 2001 Bangalore to house SAP s biggest lab in Asia The Times of India Besides Bangalore SAP has four R amp D centres located in Walldorf in Germany Palo Alto in the US Tokyo in Japan and Tel Aviv in Israel Edith Holmes 26 January 1976 IBM Opposes Retelling of Whole Xerox Story in Court Computerworld p 42 The government plans to add the Xerox story to its antitrust case against IBM History of SAP AG Retrieved 3 May 2013 International Directory of Company Histories Vol 16 St James Press 1997 a b c Staff SAP History From Start Up Software Vendor to Global Market Leader Retrieved 10 October 2010 a b c The early years SAP History About SAP SE SAP Retrieved 23 January 2019 SAP UK ICI Success Story Archived 4 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine Sap com 1 January 1999 retrieved 24 April 2011 Standard Application Software for Real time processing was developed Vom Programmierburo zum globalen Softwareproduzenten Die Erfolgsfaktoren der SAP von der Grundung bis zum R 3 Boom 1972 bis 1996 Chbeck metapress com 14 November 2008 Archived from the original on 28 January 2013 Retrieved 27 March 2014 Solutions Cipher Business SAP ECC Modules Cipher Business Solutions Cipher Business Solutions Retrieved 29 March 2017 The latest version of SAP ERP available is SAP ECC 6 0 EHP7 What do you understand by ECC 4 March 2016 Retrieved 1 February 2018 STOXX Limited Announces Changes to its Blue Chip Index Series Press release Stoxx 1 September 2003 Archived from the original on 21 October 2016 Retrieved 21 October 2016 SAP 2014 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders SAP News Center 21 May 2014 Conversion of legal form to European company SE approved SAP shareholders elect Jim Hagemann Snabe to Supervisory Board of SAP SE SAP News Center 21 May 2014 SAP Now European Company SE SAP News Center 7 July 2014 Company Q amp A Investor Relations SAP Archived from the original on 24 February 2016 Retrieved 27 May 2015 Wong Kenneth Bass Dina 23 May 2012 SAP to Acquire Ariba for 4 3 Billion in Push Into Cloud Bloomberg com Bloomberg News SAP To Acquire Concur Technologies To Boost Cloud Sales Forbes 22 September 2014 Mahadevan Neetha Doerner Stephan 19 September 2014 SAP to Acquire Concur Technologies The Wall Street Journal IBM and SAP Score Win Over Amazon BusinessInsider 14 October 2014 HP News HP and SAP Accelerate Journey to SAP S 4HANA on HP Helion Managed Cloud Hewlett Packard Retrieved 26 March 2017 Microsoft and SAP Strengthen Ties with Mobile Data Cloud Partnership TechCrunch 19 May 2014 SAP Posts Strong 2014 Results Cloud Business to Drive Future Growth Forbes 22 January 2015 History EU Cloud CoC eucoc cloud Retrieved 22 August 2021 List of adherent services EU Cloud CoC eucoc cloud Retrieved 22 August 2021 a b SAP Plans to Invest 2 2 Billion in the Internet of Things by 2020 Fortune Reuters Retrieved 17 July 2017 Miller Ron 29 January 2019 SAP job cuts prove harsh realities of enterprise transformation TechCrunch Retrieved 29 January 2019 SAP and Dediq GmbH Form Strategic Partnership SAP News Center 13 April 2021 Retrieved 24 October 2021 SAP Fioneer Starts Operations SAP News Center 1 September 2021 Retrieved 24 October 2021 SAP reiterates reinforces and rebuilds its commitment to Financial Services Industry with SAP Fioneer SAP Blogs blogs sap com Retrieved 24 October 2021 SAP Bilanz Gewinn und Umsatz SAP Geschaftsbericht 716460 wallstreet online de Retrieved 4 December 2018 SAP Key Statistics SAP SE ADS Stock Yahoo Finance finance yahoo com Retrieved 4 December 2018 SAP SE Annual Report 20 F SEC Edgar Filing Tracker 27 February 2020 Retrieved 16 April 2020 SAP SE SAP Stock Price News Quote amp History Yahoo Finance finance yahoo com Retrieved 16 August 2021 Acquisitions sap com Retrieved 8 July 2020 SAP 1 October 2020 SAP to Acquire Omnichannel Customer Engagement Leader Emarsys PRNewswire Richard Beales 12 November 2018 Why SAP s Purchase of Qualtrics May Be Mutually Beneficial The New York Times Acquisitions SAP Investor Relations SAP SAP adds Contextor robotic process automation The Inquirer 19 November 2018 Retrieved 20 November 2018 SAP Announces New Suite of Solutions to Modernize CRM and a New Data Management Suite SAP News Center 8 June 2018 Retrieved 8 June 2018 Miller Ron SAP snags CallidusCloud for 2 4 billion TechCrunch Retrieved 3 March 2018 Brooks Steve 24 January 2018 SAP acquires recast AI and invests in France Enterprise Times Lunden Ingrid SAP buys customer identity management firm Gigya for 350M TechCrunch Retrieved 3 March 2018 Marketing satendr software amp tool vendor SAP Hybris abakus me Retrieved 3 March 2018 Plat One acquisition marks start of 2B IoT investment plan for SAP PCWorld 28 September 2016 Gagliordi Natalie SAP allots 2 billion for IoT investments buys software firm Plat One ZDNet SAP confirms Altiscale acquisition ZDNet 27 September 2016 SAP SE Acquires Fedem Technology AS mergr com SAP gobbles up mobile data visualizer Roambi siliconangle com 17 February 2016 SAP Buys Concur Technologies for 8 3 Billion The New York Times SAP plant Ubernahme von Ticketing Anbieter Ticket Web SAP News Center 31 January 2013 Retrieved 17 April 2018 Farber Dan SAP acquires OutlookSoft for corporate performance management ZDNet Retrieved 8 February 2019 SAP Acquires Lighthammer To Beef Up Manufacturing Apps InformationWeek 22 June 2005 Retrieved 8 February 2019 SAP acquires A2i to boost data management capabilities ComputerWeekly com Retrieved 8 February 2019 SAP SI kauft SPM Technologies in German computerwoche de Retrieved 17 April 2018 SAP plans new scheduling capabilities Computerworld 14 January 2003 StaffWorks a product SAP picked up in its 1999 acquisition of Campbell Software Our Roots all for one com The World s Biggest Public Companies Software amp Programming Forbes Retrieved 21 October 2016 Worldwide Office Directory About SAP SE SAP Business in Brief Markets SAP Archived from the original on 25 April 2013 Retrieved 15 October 2007 Midmarket Solutions SAP ALL IN ONE Solutions for mid size companies Annual Report 2006 SAP Archived from the original on 11 October 2007 Retrieved 15 October 2007 Industry Solutions Innovation One Industry at a Time Annual Report 2006 SAP Archived from the original on 11 October 2007 Retrieved 15 October 2007 SAP Enterprise Service Oriented Architecture Adoption Program Archived 13 January 2014 at archive today global sap com accessed 27 May 2015 When Does a Web Service Become an Enterprise Service by Dr Franz Josef Fritz SAP AG SAP Insider April May June 2004 SAP Global amp Local Partner Directories Global Services Partners SAP AG Retrieved 7 July 2011 Enabling SAP Skills at Educational Institutions SAP University Alliances SAP Global amp Local Partner Directories Global Software Partners Sap com 30 June 2009 Retrieved on 7 July 2011 SAP Global amp Local Partner Directories Global Technology Partners go sap com retrieved 7 July 2011 SAP Offers Retailers in North America a Full Range of Store Solutions to Optimize Their Businesses Through Extended Global Reseller Agreement With GK Software sap news com 28 May 2013 Retrieved on 22 May 2015 Tricentis is expanding its partnership with SAP www infopoint security de 30 July 2020 Retrieved on 13 August 2020 Mendix Announces Global Reseller Agreement with SAP Providing Enterprises Low Code Development for Building Enterprise Apps at Speed and Scale Mendix com 26 September 2017 Retrieved on 28 March 2018 OpenText Named Solution Extension Partner of the Year and SAP Database and Data Management Partner of the Year in 2017 SAP Pinnacle Awards prnewswire com 16 May 2017 Retrieved on 09 March 2018 Solution Extensions Digital Jouney SAP SAP Retrieved 1 February 2018 Apple amp SAP Partner to Revolutionize Work on iPhone amp iPad SAP News Center 5 May 2016 Retrieved 4 September 2017 Ashley Jonas 12 March 2020 Wipro to Co Develop Solutions with SAP for Retail and Fashion Industry Retail Today SAP SAP Solutions for Small Businesses and Midsize Companies Press Fact Sheet July 2007 Archived 26 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine SAP com retrieved 7 July 2011 Heike Rawe 2008 SAP for Retail ISBN 978 1 5922 9213 4 SAP Communities go sap com retrieved 7 July 2011 Board of management two tier board structure The Executive Board is the governing body of SAP SE SAP Executive Board SAP Archived from the original on 29 July 2015 Retrieved 4 August 2015 SAP Sets Course with Next Generation Leadership Team SAP News SAP News Center 10 October 2019 Retrieved 11 October 2019 Jennifer Morgan Departs SAP Christian Klein Continues as CEO SAP News SAP News Center 20 April 2020 Retrieved 21 April 2020 Adam speaks at SAPs global HQ in Germany home to over 20 000 employees Adam Henderson 23 May 2019 SAP America Working at SAP America SAP Software Solutions Business Applications and Technology SAP R amp D Locations SAP Labs About SAP SE SAP Retrieved 29 April 2016 Thomas Wailgum 16 July 2008 Rate the SAP Consultant SAP User Group Launches Database to Help Companies Find Help They Need CIO magazine SAP faces user wrath over price hikes ComputerworldUK com Retrieved on 7 July 2011 SAP Cloud Platform PaaS amp App Development SAP Winners of 2015 SAP Pinnacle Awards announced Inside SAP www insidesap com au 4 April 2015 Retrieved 4 November 2018 What is SAP S 4HANA 13 Questions Answered SAP News Center 19 March 2015 Larry Dignan 16 September 2016 SAP aims to court more HANA developers launches express edition ZDNet Retrieved 19 November 2016 Prashanth Padmanabhan Sankara Bharathan Christian Hochwarth Sharon Wolf Newton Manoj Parthasarathy 2009 SAP Enterprise Learning A Practical Guide ISBN 978 1 5922 9269 1 SAP ERP HCM Reviews and Insights Gartner Ringling Sven Edinger Jorg McClurg Janet 2009 Mastering HR Management with SAP ERP HCM ISBN 978 1592292783 Lee Joe Simmons Tim 2012 Talent Management with SAP ERP HCM ISBN 978 1 5922 9413 8 Adobe and SAP Adobe Retrieved 4 January 2008 SAP Online training http cart lod sdn sap com pages FreeContent lod free courses htm Book on SAP Enterprise Learning SAP Press Retrieved 20 April 2009 FPX Makes Enterprise CPQ Available on SAP App Center per subscriber per month CPQ Configure price and quote HR Applications from Accenture Now Live on SAP App Center 19 June 2018 SAP unveils SuccessFactors cloud computing roadmap as it squares up to Oracle V3 co uk Retrieved 29 February 2012 SAP Rolls Out Updates at SAPPHIRE InternetNews 17 June 2003 Retrieved 29 February 2012 SAP TechEd 05 in Bangalore The Times of India 22 September 2005 Archived from the original on 1 July 2012 Retrieved 29 February 2012 SAP TechEd to Go Deep on Mobility Pcworld com 8 October 2010 Retrieved 29 February 2012 Staff SAP Competitors Levine Dan 23 November 2010 SAP to pay Oracle 1 3 billion in landmark decision Reuters Retrieved 2 October 2015 Oracle Verdict Against SAP Is Overturned Associated Press 1 September 2011 Retrieved 12 January 2015 Oracle SAP Settle Long Running TomorrowNow Lawsuit Reuters 13 November 2014 Retrieved 14 August 2015 SAP delays Enterprise Support price rises Computerworlduk com retrieved 7 July 2011 SAP does U turn on Enterprise Support Computerworlduk com retrieved 7 July 2011 SAP Closes Deal to Acquire MDM Maker Hybris eWEEK Retrieved 1 February 2018 SAP buys Hybris gains customer experience power informationweek com accessed 27 May 2015 RED Partners RED The ONE Campaign 14 October 2012 Archived from the original on 24 May 2012 Retrieved 27 May 2015 What This Giant Software Company Is Doing to Advance Global Health Inside Philanthropy 8 October 2014 Retrieved 13 November 2016 The Business Case for Strategic Philanthropy TriplePundit 8 August 2013 Retrieved 13 November 2016 How EY and SAP are championing corporate volunteering The Guardian 11 February 2014 Retrieved 13 November 2016 SAP in autism recruitment drive BBC News 22 May 2013 Welle www dw com Deutsche German software giant SAP hit with 8 million fine over Iran exports DW 29 04 2021 DW COM Retrieved 10 May 2021 SAP Admits to Thousands of Illegal Exports of its Software Products to Iran and Enters into Non Prosecution Agreement with DOJ www justice gov 29 April 2021 Retrieved 10 May 2021 Osborne Charlie SAP admits to thousands of illegal software exports to Iran ZDNet Retrieved 10 May 2021 a b SAP EOH affiliate TTCS caught up in bribery allegations TechCentral techcentral co za Retrieved 8 July 2019 a b GuptaLeaks Software giant paid Gupta front R100m kickbacks for state business News24 Retrieved 11 July 2017 amaBhungane GuptaLeaks Software giant SAP paid Gupta front R100m kickbacks for state business amabhungane co za Retrieved 11 July 2017 Guptas just tip of SA s corruption ice berg Saftu Fin24 Retrieved 11 July 2017 Software giant pulled into Gupta saga with allegations of R100 million kickbacks Retrieved 11 July 2017 Germany s SAP to investigate South Africa kickback allegations Financial Times SAP names Kuehnemann as acting MD ITWeb Technology News Retrieved 17 July 2017 SAP Provides Update on Ongoing Investigation into Its South Africa Business SAP News Center 26 October 2017 Archived from the original on 26 October 2017 Meyer David 26 October 2017 SAP Is Being Investigated by the U S Over a Major International Kickback Scandal Fortune Archived from the original on 26 October 2017 US justice department launches investigation into SAP Gupta dealings Mail and Guardian 26 October 2017 Archived from the original on 26 October 2017 a b PanamaBribery SAP settles with SEC over Panama bribery scheme Reuters 1 February 2016 Retrieved 14 July 2017 SEC Charges Software Company With FCPA Violations sec gov Press release 1 February 2017 Retrieved 19 September 2020 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to SAP Official website Meaning and Modules of SAP Business data for SAP SE Yahoo FinanceSEC filings Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title SAP amp oldid 1053147979, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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