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SEG-Y

The SEG-Y (sometimes SEG Y) file format is one of several standards developed by the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) for storing geophysical data. It is an open standard, and is controlled by the SEG Technical Standards Committee, a non-profit organization.

SEG-Y
An image of seismic line that was originally encoded in the SEG-Y format.
Filename extension.sgy, .segy
Developed bySEG Technical Standards Committee
Initial release1975; 46 years ago (1975)
Latest release
rev 2.0
(March 2017; 4 years ago (2017-03))
Type of formatReflection seismology data
Extended fromSEG "Ex"

Contents

The format was originally developed in 1973 to store single-line seismic reflection digital data on magnetic tapes. The specification was published in 1975.

The format and its name evolved from the SEG "Ex" or Exchange Tape Format. However, since its release, there have been significant advancements in geophysical data acquisition, such as 3-dimensional seismic techniques and high speed, high capacity recording.

The most recent revision of the SEG-Y format was published in 2017, named the rev 2.0 specification. It still features certain legacies of the original format (referred as rev 0), such as an optional SEG-Y tape label, the main 3200 byte textual EBCDIC character encoded tape header and a 400 byte binary header.

This image shows the byte stream structure of a SEG-Y file, with rev 1 Extended Textual File Header records.

Many SEG-Y programs do not totally follow the specification. For example, ODEC uses the opposite byte order and adds 320 bytes to the tail of each trace.

A related format called "PASSCAL SEG-Y" is sometimes used to store continuous seismic records longer than a typical shot gather and should not be confused with the shot-gather focused "SEG-Y" format documented above. PASSCAL SEG-Y files contain a single trace, and therefore consist of solely a 240-byte trace header and a variable-length stream of binary integers (which can be much longer than the 32767-sample limit in shot-gather SEG-Y files).

  1. Barry, K.M.; Cavers, D.A.; Kneale, C.W. (1975). "Recommended standards for digital tape formats"(PDF). Geophysics. 40 (2): 344–352. Bibcode:1975Geop...40..344B. doi:10.1190/1.1440530.
  2. Northwood, E.J.; Weisinger, R.C.; Bradley, J.J. (1967). "Recommended standards for digital tape formats"(PDF). Geophysics. 32 (6): 1073–1084.
  3. Hagelund, Rune; Stewart A. Levin, eds. (2017). SEG-Y_r2.0: SEG-Y revision 2.0 Data Exchange format(PDF). Tulsa, OK: Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
  4. "SIOSEIS DISKIN Documentation". Paul Henkart. Retrieved2009-02-09.
  5. "PASSCAL SEG-Y Trace Header". Retrieved2019-09-17.

SEG-Y
SEG Y Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from SEG Y The SEG Y sometimes SEG Y file format is one of several standards developed by the Society of Exploration Geophysicists SEG for storing geophysical data It is an open standard and is controlled by the SEG Technical Standards Committee a non profit organization SEG YAn image of seismic line that was originally encoded in the SEG Y format Filename extension sgy segyDeveloped bySEG Technical Standards CommitteeInitial release1975 46 years ago 1975 Latest releaserev 2 0 March 2017 4 years ago 2017 03 Type of formatReflection seismology dataExtended fromSEG Ex Contents 1 History 2 Data structure 3 PASSCAL SEG Y format 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory EditThe format was originally developed in 1973 to store single line seismic reflection digital data on magnetic tapes The specification was published in 1975 1 The format and its name evolved from the SEG Ex or Exchange Tape Format 1 2 However since its release there have been significant advancements in geophysical data acquisition such as 3 dimensional seismic techniques and high speed high capacity recording The most recent revision of the SEG Y format was published in 2017 named the rev 2 0 specification 3 It still features certain legacies of the original format referred as rev 0 such as an optional SEG Y tape label the main 3200 byte textual EBCDIC character encoded tape header and a 400 byte binary header Data structure Edit This image shows the byte stream structure of a SEG Y file with rev 1 Extended Textual File Header records Many SEG Y programs do not totally follow the specification For example ODEC uses the opposite byte order and adds 320 bytes to the tail of each trace 4 PASSCAL SEG Y format EditA related format called PASSCAL SEG Y is sometimes used to store continuous seismic records longer than a typical shot gather and should not be confused with the shot gather focused SEG Y format documented above 5 PASSCAL SEG Y files contain a single trace and therefore consist of solely a 240 byte trace header and a variable length stream of binary integers which can be much longer than the 32767 sample limit in shot gather SEG Y files See also EditReflection seismology List of free geophysics softwareReferences Edit a b Barry K M Cavers D A Kneale C W 1975 Recommended standards for digital tape formats PDF Geophysics 40 2 344 352 Bibcode 1975Geop 40 344B doi 10 1190 1 1440530 Northwood E J Weisinger R C Bradley J J 1967 Recommended standards for digital tape formats PDF Geophysics 32 6 1073 1084 Hagelund Rune Stewart A Levin eds 2017 SEG Y r2 0 SEG Y revision 2 0 Data Exchange format PDF Tulsa OK Society of Exploration Geophysicists SIOSEIS DISKIN Documentation Paul Henkart Retrieved 2009 02 09 PASSCAL SEG Y Trace Header Retrieved 2019 09 17 Downloadable SEG Technical Standards including SEG Y revisions 0 1 and 2 This geology article is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title SEG Y amp oldid 996795725, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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