fbpx
Wikipedia

SS-N-3 Shaddock

This article has an unclear citation style. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of citation and .(January 2021) ()

The P-5 "Pyatyorka" (Russian:П-5 «Пятёрка»; "Pyatyorka", "fiver" in English), also known by the NATO codename SS-N-3C Shaddock, is a Cold War era turbojet-powered cruise missile of the Soviet Union, designed by the Chelomey design bureau. The missile entered service in 1959. Pyatyorka is a common name for the missile as the "digit 5", corresponding to the R-7 Semyorka, the digit 7.

Whiskey Twin Cylinder submarine armed with P-5 missiles.

The basic version of the missile was an inertially-guided submarine-launched cruise missile to threaten the US coast. The missile could be armed with either a 1000 kg high explosive or a 200 or 350 kt nuclear warhead. It had a speed of about 0.9 Mach, range of 500 km and CEP of about 3000 m. The later variant had a range of possibly up to 1000 km. The first missiles were installed in Project 644, Whiskey Twin Cylinder and Project 665, Whiskey Long Bin submarines.

Versions of P-5 were later developed equipped with radar homing to be used as anti-ship missiles. The last anti-ship versions were retired from active service about 1990, replaced by the P-500 Bazalt and P-700 Granit.

There were actually three versions of turbojet-powered, cruise missiles that were called "SS-N-3" by Western intelligence sources, with multiple variants. The earliest, P-5 was called SS-N-3c, and later versions SS-N-3a and SS-N-3b. The various Russian designations are believed to be P-5 "Pyatyorka", P-6, P-7, and P-35 Progress. Some sources indicate that missiles 'P-10' and 'P-25' may also have existed.

NATO called the submarine-launched radar-homing versions of the P-6 SS-N-3A 'Shaddock'. These were carried by Echo II- and Juliett-class submarines for targeting US aircraft carriers. The Echo I-class submarines were incapable of accommodating the targeting radar for the anti-ship version, and were not equipped with missiles after the land-attack variant was withdrawn, probably in the mid-1960s when sufficient nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) became available.

Kynda-class cruiser with quadruple P-35 launchers.

Russian sources indicate that there was only submarine-launched version of P-5. The surface-launched, radar-homing version called P-35 was used by Kynda- and Kresta I-class guided-missile cruisers. The P-7 was possibly a longer-ranged version of the P-5, or a further development of the P-6.

There were also land-based versions of these missiles transported in and launched from an eight-wheel truck (ZIL-135KM) as coastal defense missiles. These were designated SPU-35V "Redut" or NATO "SSC-1 Sepal". Yugoslavia deployed this system on the island of Vis.

Contents

  • Length: 10.20 m (a/b) or 11.75 m (model C)
  • Diameter: 0.98m
  • Wingspan: 5 m
  • Weight: 5000 kg
  • Propulsion: turbojet with launch rocket boosters
  • Speed up to Mach 0.9
  • Range: 450 km (a/b), 750 km (model C)
  • Guidance: inertial guidance with mid-course update via data link. Terminal active radar homing in conventional-armed versions.
  • Warhead: 1000 kg conventional or 200-350 kt nuclear

This missile was deployed on the following ships;

On 28 December 1984 a SS-N-3 missile used as a target by the Soviet Navy strayed over the Finnish border and crashed into Lake Inari. A Finnish early warning radar at Rovaniemi and a close-range radar at Kaamanen picked it up, and two Saab 35 Draken fighters were dispatched, but were unable to find anything. A few days later, a reindeer herder found a plastic cover of the electronics compartment, and unable to identify it, brought it to a Border Guard post. Finnish military analysts recognized it as a MiG component. Indeed, the missile was a modified version fitted with avionics taken from MiG for remote control. The missile had punched itself through the lake ice, thus the crash site was easily identifiable, and the Finnish military soon lifted the missile from the lake for analysis. The likely cause was loss of radio contact between the operator and the missile. Although the cause for the accident was mundane, it came at an unfortunate time, just before an international conference on cruise missiles, and there was much speculation whether it was a Soviet show of force.

previous
Soviet Union
Yugoslavia
operational
Russia - main
Vietnam
North Korea
P-35 Redut Geum Seong 2 금성-2호 GS-3 (SSC-1b SSN3b Sepal) , P-20
Indonesia
Ukraine
Georgia
Romania
Bulgaria
Azerbaijan
Syria
Algeria
Utjos (Utes, Sotka, Object 100)
Утёс ( объект 100, Сотка )
Sevastopol Balaklava, Russia (de facto)
Utjos (Utes, Sotka, Object 100)
Coordinates44°27′05″N33°39′09″E /44.451389°N 33.6525°E /44.451389; 33.6525
Typecoastal bunker AShM missile launchers
Site information
OwnerRussia VMF, Crimean Armed Forces
OperatorBRaV CmF ВМФ ЧмФ БРВ (Black Sea Fleet Coastal Missile Forces) VMF
Controlled by VMF VKS Crimean Navy
Open to
the public
no
Conditionoperational (to be re-operational probably, poxible)
Site history
Built1950 ?, 60' - 80'
Built byURS,Russia
  • P-5 GRAU 4K34 SS-N-3c
    • P-5D modification
  • P-6 SS-N-3a Shaddock
  • S-35 SSC-1a 1b Shaddock TEL
  • P-35 SS-N-3b Sepal
    • 3M44 Progress SSC-1B Sepal, modernized version
    • P-35B GRAU 4K44B coastal AShM, GLCM complex Redut SS-N-3b SSC-1B
    • Utjos Utes Sotka or Object 100 using P-35B, 3M44 Progress, P-6 S-35, maybe also a modernized modified variant of P-5, Утёс - объект 100 or Сотка, Sevastopol' Balaklava military zone
  1. Gardiner and Chumbley, pp. 401-402
  2. russianmilitaryphotos (9 May 2012). "The 4K44 Redut Variant SPU-35V Mobile Coastal Defense System".
  3. "Scandinavia Wayward Missile". 14 January 1985. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010 – via www.time.com.
  4. Reuters (25 June 1985). "Finns Return Soviet Missile That Strayed in Maneuvers" – via NYTimes.com.
  5. Heikki Tiilikainen, Kylmän sodan kujanjuoksu. Gummerus, 2003. ISBN 951-20-6452-9.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved2012-06-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Bulgaria - Naval Forces". www.country-data.com.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved2012-07-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Algerian National Navy القوات البحرية الجزائرية Algeria naval force ships and equipment description information intelligence data sheet identification naval defence industry military technology pictures photos video frigate, corvette, submarine".

SS-N-3 Shaddock
SS N 3 Shaddock Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from SS N 3 This article has an unclear citation style The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of citation and footnoting January 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message The P 5 Pyatyorka Russian P 5 Pyatyorka Pyatyorka fiver in English also known by the NATO codename SS N 3C Shaddock is a Cold War era turbojet powered cruise missile of the Soviet Union designed by the Chelomey design bureau The missile entered service in 1959 Pyatyorka is a common name for the missile as the digit 5 corresponding to the R 7 Semyorka the digit 7 Whiskey Twin Cylinder submarine armed with P 5 missiles The basic version of the missile was an inertially guided submarine launched cruise missile to threaten the US coast The missile could be armed with either a 1000 kg high explosive or a 200 or 350 kt nuclear warhead It had a speed of about 0 9 Mach range of 500 km and CEP of about 3000 m The later variant had a range of possibly up to 1000 km The first missiles were installed in Project 644 Whiskey Twin Cylinder and Project 665 Whiskey Long Bin submarines Versions of P 5 were later developed equipped with radar homing to be used as anti ship missiles The last anti ship versions were retired from active service about 1990 replaced by the P 500 Bazalt and P 700 Granit There were actually three versions of turbojet powered cruise missiles that were called SS N 3 by Western intelligence sources with multiple variants The earliest P 5 was called SS N 3c and later versions SS N 3a and SS N 3b The various Russian designations are believed to be P 5 Pyatyorka P 6 P 7 and P 35 Progress Some sources indicate that missiles P 10 and P 25 may also have existed NATO called the submarine launched radar homing versions of the P 6 SS N 3A Shaddock These were carried by Echo II and Juliett class submarines for targeting US aircraft carriers The Echo I class submarines were incapable of accommodating the targeting radar for the anti ship version and were not equipped with missiles after the land attack variant was withdrawn probably in the mid 1960s when sufficient nuclear powered ballistic missile submarines SSBNs became available 1 Kynda class cruiser with quadruple P 35 launchers Russian sources indicate that there was only submarine launched version of P 5 The surface launched radar homing version called P 35 was used by Kynda and Kresta I class guided missile cruisers The P 7 was possibly a longer ranged version of the P 5 or a further development of the P 6 There were also land based versions of these missiles transported in and launched from an eight wheel truck ZIL 135KM as coastal defense missiles These were designated SPU 35V Redut or NATO SSC 1 Sepal 2 Yugoslavia deployed this system on the island of Vis Contents 1 Specifications 2 Deployment 3 The Lake Inari incident 4 Operators 5 Variants 6 References 7 External linksSpecifications EditLength 10 20 m a b or 11 75 m model C Diameter 0 98m Wingspan 5 m Weight 5000 kg Propulsion turbojet with launch rocket boosters Speed up to Mach 0 9 Range 450 km a b 750 km model C Guidance inertial guidance with mid course update via data link Terminal active radar homing in conventional armed versions Warhead 1000 kg conventional or 200 350 kt nuclearDeployment EditThis missile was deployed on the following ships Whiskey Single Cylinder submarines Land attack version Whiskey Twin Cylinder submarines Land attack version Whiskey Long Bin submarines Land attack version Juliett class submarines Echo class submarines Kynda class cruisers Kresta I class cruisersThe Lake Inari incident EditOn 28 December 1984 a SS N 3 missile used as a target by the Soviet Navy strayed over the Finnish border and crashed into Lake Inari 3 4 A Finnish early warning radar at Rovaniemi and a close range radar at Kaamanen picked it up and two Saab 35 Draken fighters were dispatched but were unable to find anything A few days later a reindeer herder found a plastic cover of the electronics compartment and unable to identify it brought it to a Border Guard post Finnish military analysts recognized it as a MiG component Indeed the missile was a modified version fitted with avionics taken from MiG for remote control The missile had punched itself through the lake ice thus the crash site was easily identifiable and the Finnish military soon lifted the missile from the lake for analysis The likely cause was loss of radio contact between the operator and the missile Although the cause for the accident was mundane it came at an unfortunate time just before an international conference on cruise missiles and there was much speculation whether it was a Soviet show of force 5 Operators Editprevious Soviet Union Yugoslavia operational Russia main Vietnam 6 North Korea P 35 Redut Geum Seong 2 금성 2호 GS 3 SSC 1b SSN3b Sepal P 20 Indonesia Ukraine Georgia Romania Bulgaria 7 Azerbaijan Syria 8 Algeria 9 Utjos Utes Sotka Object 100 Utyos obekt 100 Sotka Sevastopol Balaklava Russia de facto Utjos Utes Sotka Object 100 Coordinates44 27 05 N 33 39 09 E 44 451389 N 33 6525 E 44 451389 33 6525Typecoastal bunker AShM missile launchersSite informationOwner Russia VMF Crimean Armed Forces OperatorBRaV CmF VMF ChmF BRV Black Sea Fleet Coastal Missile Forces VMF Controlled by VMF VKS Crimean Navy Open to the publicnoConditionoperational to be re operational probably poxible Site historyBuilt1950 60 80 Built by URS RussiaVariants EditP 5 GRAU 4K34 SS N 3c P 5D modification P 6 SS N 3a Shaddock S 35 SSC 1a 1b Shaddock TEL P 35 SS N 3b Sepal 3M44 Progress SSC 1B Sepal modernized version P 35B GRAU 4K44B coastal AShM GLCM complex Redut SS N 3b SSC 1B Utjos Utes Sotka or Object 100 using P 35B 3M44 Progress P 6 S 35 maybe also a modernized modified variant of P 5 Utyos obekt 100 or Sotka Sevastopol Balaklava military zoneReferences Edit Gardiner and Chumbley pp 401 402 russianmilitaryphotos 9 May 2012 The 4K44 Redut Variant SPU 35V Mobile Coastal Defense System Scandinavia Wayward Missile 14 January 1985 Archived from the original on October 29 2010 via www time com Reuters 25 June 1985 Finns Return Soviet Missile That Strayed in Maneuvers via NYTimes com Heikki Tiilikainen Kylman sodan kujanjuoksu Gummerus 2003 ISBN 951 20 6452 9 Archived copy Archived from the original on 2012 07 12 Retrieved 2012 06 15 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Bulgaria Naval Forces www country data com Archived copy Archived from the original on 2012 07 11 Retrieved 2012 07 10 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Algerian National Navy القوات البحرية الجزائرية Algeria naval force ships and equipment description information intelligence data sheet identification naval defence industry military technology pictures photos video frigate corvette submarine http www globalsecurity org military world russia ss n 3 specs htm https fas org nuke guide russia theater ss n 3 htm http www janes com articles Janes Strategic Weapon Systems P 6710 and P 535 SS N3 Shaddock and SSC 1 Sepal Russian Federation html http warships ru Russia Weapons PKR P 35 index2 html Gardiner Robert and Chumbley Stephen Conway s All the World s Fighting Ships 1947 1995 Naval Institute Press 1996 ISBN 1 55750 132 7 External links EditMARITIME STRIKE The Soviet Perspective SSC 1a Shaddock and SS N 3 Sepal at Federation of American Scientists Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title SS N 3 Shaddock amp oldid 1046612385, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.