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Szombathely

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Szombathely (Hungarian pronunciation: ; German: Steinamanger, German pronunciation: (); see also other alternative names) is the 10th largest city in Hungary. It is the administrative centre of Vas county in the west of the country, located near the border with Austria. Szombathely lies by the streams Perint and Gyöngyös (literally "pearly"), where the Alpokalja (Lower Alps) mountains meet the Little Hungarian Plain. The oldest city in Hungary, it is known as the birthplace of Saint Martin of Tours.

Szombathely
Szombathely Megyei Jogú Város
Flag
Coat of arms
Nickname(s):
Queen of the West
Szombathely
Show map of Vas County
Szombathely
Show map of Hungary
Coordinates:47°14′06″N16°37′19″E /47.23512°N 16.62191°E /47.23512; 16.62191Coordinates: 47°14′06″N16°37′19″E /47.23512°N 16.62191°E /47.23512; 16.62191
CountryHungary
RegionWestern Transdanubia
CountyVas
DistrictSzombathely
Established43 AD (Savaria)
City status1407
Government
• MayorDr. András Nemény (Coalition of Éljen Szombathely!)
Deputy MayorDr. Attila Horváth (MSZP)
Soma Horváth (MSZP)
Dr. Győző László (Independent)
Town NotaryDr Ákos Károlyi
Area
City with county rights97.52 km2 (37.65 sq mi)
Elevation
209 m (686 ft)
Population
(2017)
City with county rights78,025
• Rank10th
• Density800.09/km2 (2,072.2/sq mi)
Urban
147,920 (10th)
Demonym(s)szombathelyi
Population by ethnicity
Hungarians83.0%
Germans2.0%
Gypsies0.8%
Croats0.6%
Slovenes0.2%
Slovaks0.1%
Romanians0.1%
Bulgarians0.1%
• Others0.7%
Population by religion
Roman Catholic52.2%
Greek Catholic0.2%
Lutherans2.7%
Calvinists2.0%
• Other1.1%
Non-religious9.8%
• Unknown32.0%
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9700
Area code(+36) 94
Patron SaintMartin of Tours
MotorwaysM86, M87 (planned), M9 (planned)
Distance from Budapest221 km (137 mi) West
AirportSzombathely
NUTS 3 codeHU222
MPCsaba Hende (Fidesz)
Websitewww.szombathely.hu

Contents

The name Szombathely is from Hungarian szombat, "Saturday" and hely, "place", referring to its status as a market town, and the medieval markets held on Saturday every week. Once a year during August they hold a carnival to remember the history of "Savaria".

The Latin name Savaria or Sabaria comes from Sibaris, the Latin name of the river Gyöngyös (German Güns). The root of the word is the Proto-Indo-European word *seu, meaning "wet". The Austrian overflowing of the Gyöngyös/Güns is called Zöbern, most probably a derivation of its Latin name. The city is known in Croatian as Sambotel, in Slovene as Sombotel and in Yiddish as סאמבאטהעלי (Sambathely).

The German name, Steinamanger, means "stone on the green" (Stein am Anger). The name was coined by German settlers who encountered the ruins of the Roman city of Savaria.[citation needed]

The Slovak name, Kamenec, also stems from the root 'stone' (kameň = stone), similar to the German variant.

Savaria, the Roman city

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Temple of Isis, reconstruction

Szombathely is the oldest recorded city in Hungary. It was founded by the Romans in 45 AD under the name of Colonia Claudia Savariensum (Claudius' Colony of Savarians), and it was the capital of the Pannonia Superior province of the Roman Empire. It lay close to the important "Amber Road" trade route. The city had an imperial residence, a public bath and an amphitheatre. In 2008, remains of a mithraeum were discovered.

Emperor Constantine the Great visited Savaria several times. He ended the persecution of Christians, which previously claimed the lives of many people in the area, including Bishop St. Quirinus and St. Rutilus. The emperor reorganised the colonies and made Savaria the capital of the province Pannonia Prima. This era was the height of prosperity for Savaria: its population grew, and new buildings were erected, among them theatres and churches. St. Martin of Tours was born here. After the death of Emperor Valentinian III, the Huns invaded Pannonia. Attila's armies occupied Savaria between 441 and 445. The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 456.

Óperint Street - Memorial plaque to Bishop St. Quirinus, remembering the anniversary of his death in 1700

Savaria/Szombathely in the Middle Ages

Interior of the Cathedral

The city remained inhabited throughout the Middle Ages. Its city walls were restored, and new buildings were constructed using the stones from the remains of Roman buildings. Much of the Latin population moved away, mostly to Italy, while new settlers, mostly Goths and Longobards, arrived.

In the 6th–8th centuries, the city was inhabited by Pannonian Avars and Slavic tribes. In 795, the Franks defeated these peoples and occupied the city. Charlemagne visited the city where St. Martin was born.

King Arnulf of the Franks gave the city to the archbishop of Salzburg in 875. It is likely that the castle was built around this time, using the stones from the Roman baths. Around 900, they were succeeded by Hungarians, who became the dominant population.

In 1009, Stephen I gave the city to the newly founded Diocese of Győr. The city suffered during the war between King Sámuel Aba and Holy Roman Emperor Henry III, between 1042 and 1044.

Szombathely was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Hungary in 1241–1242 but was rebuilt shortly after. It was granted Free royal town status in 1407. In 1578, it became the capital of Vas comitatus. The city prospered. In 1605 it was occupied by the armies of István Bocskai.

Szombathely in the 16th to 19th century

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Szombathely Franciscan Church

During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, the Ottomans invaded the area twice, first in 1664, when they were defeated at the nearby town of Szentgotthárd. Nearly twenty years later, they invaded again in 1683, during the Battle of Vienna. The city walls protected Szombathely both times.

A peaceful period followed the retreat of the Turks until Prince Rákóczi's rebellion against the Habsburgs in the early 18th century. During the rebellion, the city residents supported the prince. The city was occupied by Habsburg armies in 1704, freed in November 1705, then occupied alternately by the two armies over the next years. In June 1710, more than 2,000 people lost their lives in a plague, and on May 3, 1716, the city was destroyed by a fire.

After such losses throughout the region, the Habsburg Crown recruited Germans to resettle the depopulated areas, particularly along the Danube River. They were valued for their farming abilities. The Crown allowed them to keep their language and religion. As a result, the city had a German majority for a long time. With increased population, the city began to prosper again. With the support of Ferenc Zichy, Bishop of Győr, a high school was built in 1772. The Diocese of Szombathely was founded in 1777 by Maria Theresa. The new bishop of Szombathely, János Szily, did much for the city: he had the ruins of the castle demolished and had new buildings constructed, including a cathedral, the episcopal palace complex, and a school (opened in 1793).

In 1809, Napoleon's armies occupied the city and held it for 110 days, following a short battle on the main square. In 1817, two-thirds of the city was destroyed by fire. In 1813, a cholera epidemic claimed many lives.

During the revolution in 1848-49, Szombathely supported the revolution. There were no battles in the immediate area because the city remained under Habsburg rule. The years after the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 brought prosperity. A railway line reached the city in 1865, and in the 1870s Szombathely became a major railway junction. In 1885 the city annexed the nearby villages Ó-Perint and Szentmárton and increased its area.

In the 1890s, when Gyula Éhen was the mayor, the city underwent significant infrastructure development: roads were paved, a sewage system built, and the tram line was built to connect the rail station, the downtown, and the Calvary Church. Private and public interests built the City Casino, the Grand Hotel (Kovács Szálló, later Hotel Savaria), and the area's first orphanage. In forty years, the population became four times larger.

During the mayoralty of Tóbiás Brenner, this prosperity continued. A museum, public bath, monasteries, and several new downtown mansions were built. A school of music and orchestra were founded.

Szombathely in the 20th and 21st centuries

The County Hall
Main square
New M86 motorway in Szombathely

After the Treaty of Trianon, Hungary lost many of its western territories to Austria. Only 10 kilometres (6 miles) from the new state border, Szombathely ceased to be the centre of Western Hungary. Trying to regain the throne of Hungary, Charles IV visited the city, where he was greeted with enthusiasm, but he failed to regain power.

Between the world wars, Szombathely prospered. Many schools were founded, and between 1926 and 1929, the most modern hospital of the Transdanubian region was built.

During World War II, as with many other towns in the region, Szombathely was strategic due to the railway, junction, marshalling yards, local aerodrome, and barracks. The town formed part of the logistical military infrastructure supporting Axis forces. In 1944 and 1945, the town and locality were bombed by day on several occasions by aircraft of the US 15th Air Force; at night, bombing runs were made by aircraft from the Royal Air Force 205 Group. These aircraft operated from bases in Italy.

On 28 March 1945, the 6th SS Panzer and 6th Armies were pushed back by an assault from the east across the Raba River by the 46th and 26th Armies of the USSR and the 3rd Ukrainian Front. Soviet forces took control of Szombathely on 29 March 1945.

After the war the city grew, absorbing many nearby villages (Gyöngyöshermán, Gyöngyösszőlős, Herény, Kámon, Olad, Szentkirály, Zanat and Zarkaháza). The government of Hungary was dominated by the Soviet Union. During the revolution in 1956, the city was occupied by the Soviet army.

In the 1970s, the city was industrialized, and many factories were built. In the 1980s, the city prospered, and several new public buildings were built. These included the County Library, public indoor swimming pools, and a gallery.

In 2006, the refurbishing of the city centre's main square was completed, with financial assistance from European Union funds.

28 June 2014 from the highway is also available in the city, having opened the M86 motorway.

History of Szombathely's Jewish communities

In 1567, Emperor Maximilian II granted the town the privilege of allowing none but Catholics to dwell within its walls. By the 17th and 18th centuries, although the municipal authorities rented shops to Jews, the latter were permitted to remain in the town only during the day, and then only without their families. They lived outside in their own community, known as a shtetl. By the beginning of the nineteenth century, only three or four Jewish families lived in the city.[citation needed]

The residents of the shtetl Stein-am-Anger dwelt in the outlying districts (now united into one municipality). They separated in 1830 from the community of Rechnitz (Rohonc), of which they had previously formed a part, and were henceforth known as the community of Szombathely. When the Jews of Hungary were emancipated by the law of 1840, the city allowed them to live there. In the unrest of the revolution of 1848, many Jews were attacked and their places looted[citation needed]; they were threatened with expulsion. The authorities intervened and restored peace. The community quickly developed in the city.

The first Jewish elementary school was founded in 1846, and was organized as a normal school in 1905, with four grades and about 230 pupils. The first synagogue was built by the former lord of the town, Duke Batthyányi, who sold it to the Jews. In 1880 the community supported building a large temple, one of the most beautiful in Hungary. Designed by Ludwig Schöne, it combined Oriental and Romantic elements.[citation needed]

The founder of the community and its first rabbi was Ludwig Königsberger (d. 1861); he was succeeded in turn by Leopold Rockenstein, Joseph Stier([1]), and Béla Bernstein (called in 1892; [2]). A small Orthodox congregation, numbering about 60 or 70 members, separated from the main body in 1870. From 1896 to 1898 Pál Jungreis was rabbi of the Orthodox community but his convictions were not tolerated so Márk Benedikt was appointed rabbi. [3] According to the 1910 census, 10.1% of the city's population, or 3125 people, were Jewish by religion. By then they were merchants and professionals, an integral part of the city's culture.

In World War II, during the occupation of Hungary by Nazi Germany, 4228 Jews were deported (July 4–6, 1944) from Szombathely to Auschwitz. The community was essentially destroyed. Since 1975, the former Jewish temple has been adapted for use as a concert hall. A memorial outside commemorates the Jews deported in World War II.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1784 2,472
1850 8,338+237.3%
1870 12,934+55.1%
1880 17,055+31.9%
1890 20,405+19.6%
1900 29,959+46.8%
1910 37,289+24.5%
1920 42,275+13.4%
1930 46,379+9.7%
1941 50,935+9.8%
1949 47,589−6.6%
1960 54,758+15.1%
1970 65,297+19.2%
1980 82,851+26.9%
1990 85,617+3.3%
2001 81,920−4.3%
2011 78,884−3.7%
2020 78,591−0.4%
Climate data for Szombathely, Hungary (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
4.5
(40.1)
9.9
(49.8)
15.4
(59.7)
20.2
(68.4)
23.2
(73.8)
25.5
(77.9)
24.9
(76.8)
21.1
(70.0)
15.4
(59.7)
8.0
(46.4)
3.1
(37.6)
14.4
(57.9)
Average low °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−2.8
(27.0)
0.0
(32.0)
4.2
(39.6)
8.5
(47.3)
11.9
(53.4)
13.3
(55.9)
13.0
(55.4)
9.8
(49.6)
4.9
(40.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
4.7
(40.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.1)
26
(1.0)
34
(1.3)
40
(1.6)
72
(2.8)
77
(3.0)
78
(3.1)
72
(2.8)
52
(2.0)
48
(1.9)
52
(2.0)
31
(1.2)
611
(23.8)
Source: Hong Kong Observatory

The current mayor of Szombathely is András Nemény (MSZP).

The local Municipal Assembly, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 21 members (1 Mayor, 14 Individual constituencies MEPs and 6 Compensation List MEPs) divided into this political parties and alliances:

Party Seats Current Municipal Assembly
Opposition coalition 11 M
Fidesz-KDNP 8
Independent 1
Pro Savaria 1

List of mayors

List of City Mayors from 1990:

Member Party Term of office
András Wagner SZDSZ 1990–1998
Gábor Szabó Fidesz 1998–2002
György Ipkovich MSZP-SZDSZ 2002–2010
Tivadar Puskás Fidesz-KDNP 2010–2019
András Nemény MSZP 2019–

Mediumwave broadcasting station

Near Szombathely, there is since 1955 at 47°12′02″N16°39′43″E /47.20056°N 16.66194°E /47.20056; 16.66194 (Szombathely Mediumwave Transmitter) a mediumwave broadcasting station operated on 1251 kHz with 25 kW, which uses as antenna two 60 metres tall free-standing radio towers insulated against ground. It is the only mediumwave broadcasting station in Hungary using free-standing self radiating towers.

Szombathely is home to the basketball team Falco KC, 2019 champion of the Nemzeti Bajnokság I/A, the country's top basketball league. Falco plays its home games at the Arena Savaria.

Szombathely is twinned with:

  • County Hall of Vas County in the
    Berzsenyi Dániel Square

  • Episcopal Palace in the
    Berzsenyi Dániel Square

  • Holy Trinity column
    in the Main Square

  • Dominican church in
    the St Martin's Street

  • Former savings bank building

  • Baroque style school building
    in Szily János Street

  • Evangelic church in
    the Körmendi Street

  • Owl Castle

References
  1. KSH - Szombathely, 2011
  2. Eurostat, 2016
  3. KSH - Szombathely, 2011
  4. KSH - Szombathely, 2011
  5. Pliny the Elder, III, 146
  6. Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, I, 36
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved2008-10-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. opened M86 Motorways Szombathely-Vát Archived 2014-06-28 at archive.today
  9. "Climatological Information for Szombathely, Hungary", Hong Kong Observatory, 2003, web: HKO-Szombathely, Hungary.
  10. "Városi közgyűlés tagjai 2019-2024 - Szombathely (Vas megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved2019-10-29.
  11. "Szombathelyi Testvérvárosi kő információk". szombathely.varosom.hu (in Hungarian). Szombathely. Retrieved2020-11-10.
  12. "Santiago do Cacém assina acordo de geminação com município da Hungria". radiocampanario.com (in Portuguese). Diário Campanário. 2019-06-07. Retrieved2020-11-10.
  13. "Interrelations". kutaisi.gov.ge. Kutaisi. Retrieved2020-02-13.
  14. "Sister cities and friendly cooperation cities of Yantai". chinadaily.com.cn. China Daily. Retrieved2020-11-10.
Notes
  1. Coalition of Éljen Szombathely!-Momentum-DK-MSZP-Dialogue-LMP-MKKP-Solidarity-Mindenki Magyarországa.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSzombathely.
Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article "Steinamanger".
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Szombathely.

Szombathely
Szombathely Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Sabaria This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Szombathely news newspapers books scholar JSTOR April 2013 Learn how and when to remove this template message Szombathely Hungarian pronunciation ˈsombɒthɛj German Steinamanger German pronunciation ʃtaɪ naˈmaŋɐ listen see also other alternative names is the 10th largest city in Hungary It is the administrative centre of Vas county in the west of the country located near the border with Austria Szombathely lies by the streams Perint and Gyongyos literally pearly where the Alpokalja Lower Alps mountains meet the Little Hungarian Plain The oldest city in Hungary it is known as the birthplace of Saint Martin of Tours SzombathelyCity with county rightsSzombathely Megyei Jogu VarosFlagCoat of armsNickname s Queen of the WestSzombathelyShow map of Vas CountySzombathelyShow map of HungaryCoordinates 47 14 06 N 16 37 19 E 47 23512 N 16 62191 E 47 23512 16 62191 Coordinates 47 14 06 N 16 37 19 E 47 23512 N 16 62191 E 47 23512 16 62191Country HungaryRegionWestern TransdanubiaCountyVasDistrictSzombathelyEstablished43 AD Savaria City status1407Government MayorDr Andras Nemeny Coalition of Eljen Szombathely Deputy MayorDr Attila Horvath MSZP Soma Horvath MSZP Dr Gyozo Laszlo Independent Town NotaryDr Akos KarolyiArea City with county rights97 52 km2 37 65 sq mi Elevation209 m 686 ft Population 2017 City with county rights78 025 1 Rank10th Density800 09 km2 2 072 2 sq mi Urban147 920 10th 2 Demonym s szombathelyiPopulation by ethnicity 3 Hungarians83 0 Germans2 0 Gypsies0 8 Croats0 6 Slovenes0 2 Slovaks0 1 Romanians0 1 Bulgarians0 1 Others0 7 Population by religion 4 Roman Catholic52 2 Greek Catholic0 2 Lutherans2 7 Calvinists2 0 Other1 1 Non religious9 8 Unknown32 0 Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code9700Area code 36 94Patron SaintMartin of ToursMotorwaysM86 M87 planned M9 planned Distance from Budapest221 km 137 mi WestAirportSzombathelyNUTS 3 codeHU222MPCsaba Hende Fidesz Websitewww wbr szombathely wbr hu Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 2 1 Savaria the Roman city 2 2 Savaria Szombathely in the Middle Ages 2 3 Szombathely in the 16th to 19th century 2 4 Szombathely in the 20th and 21st centuries 2 5 History of Szombathely s Jewish communities 2 6 Population 3 Representation in other media 4 Climate 5 Politics 5 1 List of mayors 6 Media 6 1 Mediumwave broadcasting station 7 Sport 8 Notable people 9 Twin towns sister cities 10 Gallery 11 References and notes 12 External linksEtymology EditThe name Szombathely is from Hungarian szombat Saturday and hely place referring to its status as a market town and the medieval markets held on Saturday every week Once a year during August they hold a carnival to remember the history of Savaria The Latin name Savaria or Sabaria comes from Sibaris the Latin name of the river Gyongyos German Guns The root of the word is the Proto Indo European word seu meaning wet The Austrian overflowing of the Gyongyos Guns is called Zobern most probably a derivation of its Latin name The city is known in Croatian as Sambotel in Slovene as Sombotel and in Yiddish as סאמבאטהעלי Sambathely The German name Steinamanger means stone on the green Stein am Anger The name was coined by German settlers who encountered the ruins of the Roman city of Savaria citation needed The Slovak name Kamenec also stems from the root stone kamen stone similar to the German variant History EditSavaria the Roman city Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed October 2013 Learn how and when to remove this template message Temple of Isis reconstruction Szombathely is the oldest recorded city in Hungary It was founded by the Romans 5 in 45 AD under the name of Colonia Claudia Savariensum Claudius Colony of Savarians and it was the capital of the Pannonia Superior province of the Roman Empire It lay close to the important Amber Road trade route The city had an imperial residence a public bath and an amphitheatre In 2008 remains of a mithraeum were discovered Emperor Constantine the Great visited Savaria several times He ended the persecution of Christians which previously claimed the lives of many people in the area including Bishop St Quirinus and St Rutilus The emperor reorganised the colonies and made Savaria the capital of the province Pannonia Prima This era was the height of prosperity for Savaria its population grew and new buildings were erected among them theatres and churches St Martin of Tours was born here 6 After the death of Emperor Valentinian III the Huns invaded Pannonia Attila s armies occupied Savaria between 441 and 445 The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 456 operint Street Memorial plaque to Bishop St Quirinus remembering the anniversary of his death in 1700 Savaria Szombathely in the Middle Ages Edit Interior of the Cathedral The city remained inhabited throughout the Middle Ages Its city walls were restored and new buildings were constructed using the stones from the remains of Roman buildings Much of the Latin population moved away mostly to Italy while new settlers mostly Goths and Longobards arrived In the 6th 8th centuries the city was inhabited by Pannonian Avars and Slavic tribes In 795 the Franks defeated these peoples and occupied the city Charlemagne visited the city where St Martin was born King Arnulf of the Franks gave the city to the archbishop of Salzburg in 875 It is likely that the castle was built around this time using the stones from the Roman baths Around 900 they were succeeded by Hungarians who became the dominant population In 1009 Stephen I gave the city to the newly founded Diocese of Gyor The city suffered during the war between King Samuel Aba and Holy Roman Emperor Henry III between 1042 and 1044 Szombathely was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Hungary in 1241 1242 but was rebuilt shortly after It was granted Free royal town status in 1407 In 1578 it became the capital of Vas comitatus 7 The city prospered In 1605 it was occupied by the armies of Istvan Bocskai Szombathely in the 16th to 19th century Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed October 2013 Learn how and when to remove this template message Szombathely Franciscan Church During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary the Ottomans invaded the area twice first in 1664 when they were defeated at the nearby town of Szentgotthard Nearly twenty years later they invaded again in 1683 during the Battle of Vienna The city walls protected Szombathely both times A peaceful period followed the retreat of the Turks until Prince Rakoczi s rebellion against the Habsburgs in the early 18th century During the rebellion the city residents supported the prince The city was occupied by Habsburg armies in 1704 freed in November 1705 then occupied alternately by the two armies over the next years In June 1710 more than 2 000 people lost their lives in a plague and on May 3 1716 the city was destroyed by a fire After such losses throughout the region the Habsburg Crown recruited Germans to resettle the depopulated areas particularly along the Danube River They were valued for their farming abilities The Crown allowed them to keep their language and religion As a result the city had a German majority for a long time With increased population the city began to prosper again With the support of Ferenc Zichy Bishop of Gyor a high school was built in 1772 The Diocese of Szombathely was founded in 1777 by Maria Theresa The new bishop of Szombathely Janos Szily did much for the city he had the ruins of the castle demolished and had new buildings constructed including a cathedral the episcopal palace complex and a school opened in 1793 In 1809 Napoleon s armies occupied the city and held it for 110 days following a short battle on the main square In 1817 two thirds of the city was destroyed by fire In 1813 a cholera epidemic claimed many lives During the revolution in 1848 49 Szombathely supported the revolution There were no battles in the immediate area because the city remained under Habsburg rule The years after the Austro Hungarian Compromise of 1867 brought prosperity A railway line reached the city in 1865 and in the 1870s Szombathely became a major railway junction In 1885 the city annexed the nearby villages o Perint and Szentmarton and increased its area In the 1890s when Gyula Ehen was the mayor the city underwent significant infrastructure development roads were paved a sewage system built and the tram line was built to connect the rail station the downtown and the Calvary Church Private and public interests built the City Casino the Grand Hotel Kovacs Szallo later Hotel Savaria and the area s first orphanage In forty years the population became four times larger During the mayoralty of Tobias Brenner this prosperity continued A museum public bath monasteries and several new downtown mansions were built A school of music and orchestra were founded Szombathely in the 20th and 21st centuries Edit The County Hall Main square New M86 motorway in Szombathely After the Treaty of Trianon Hungary lost many of its western territories to Austria Only 10 kilometres 6 miles from the new state border Szombathely ceased to be the centre of Western Hungary Trying to regain the throne of Hungary Charles IV visited the city where he was greeted with enthusiasm but he failed to regain power Between the world wars Szombathely prospered Many schools were founded and between 1926 and 1929 the most modern hospital of the Transdanubian region was built During World War II as with many other towns in the region Szombathely was strategic due to the railway junction marshalling yards local aerodrome and barracks The town formed part of the logistical military infrastructure supporting Axis forces In 1944 and 1945 the town and locality were bombed by day on several occasions by aircraft of the US 15th Air Force at night bombing runs were made by aircraft from the Royal Air Force 205 Group These aircraft operated from bases in Italy On 28 March 1945 the 6th SS Panzer and 6th Armies were pushed back by an assault from the east across the Raba River by the 46th and 26th Armies of the USSR and the 3rd Ukrainian Front Soviet forces took control of Szombathely on 29 March 1945 After the war the city grew absorbing many nearby villages Gyongyosherman Gyongyosszolos Hereny Kamon Olad Szentkiraly Zanat and Zarkahaza The government of Hungary was dominated by the Soviet Union During the revolution in 1956 the city was occupied by the Soviet army In the 1970s the city was industrialized and many factories were built In the 1980s the city prospered and several new public buildings were built These included the County Library public indoor swimming pools and a gallery In 2006 the refurbishing of the city centre s main square was completed with financial assistance from European Union funds 28 June 2014 from the highway is also available in the city having opened the M86 motorway 8 History of Szombathely s Jewish communities Edit In 1567 Emperor Maximilian II granted the town the privilege of allowing none but Catholics to dwell within its walls By the 17th and 18th centuries although the municipal authorities rented shops to Jews the latter were permitted to remain in the town only during the day and then only without their families They lived outside in their own community known as a shtetl By the beginning of the nineteenth century only three or four Jewish families lived in the city citation needed The residents of the shtetl Stein am Anger dwelt in the outlying districts now united into one municipality They separated in 1830 from the community of Rechnitz Rohonc of which they had previously formed a part and were henceforth known as the community of Szombathely When the Jews of Hungary were emancipated by the law of 1840 the city allowed them to live there In the unrest of the revolution of 1848 many Jews were attacked and their places looted citation needed they were threatened with expulsion The authorities intervened and restored peace The community quickly developed in the city The first Jewish elementary school was founded in 1846 and was organized as a normal school in 1905 with four grades and about 230 pupils The first synagogue was built by the former lord of the town Duke Batthyanyi who sold it to the Jews In 1880 the community supported building a large temple one of the most beautiful in Hungary Designed by Ludwig Schone it combined Oriental and Romantic elements citation needed The founder of the community and its first rabbi was Ludwig Konigsberger d 1861 he was succeeded in turn by Leopold Rockenstein Joseph Stier 1 and Bela Bernstein called in 1892 2 A small Orthodox congregation numbering about 60 or 70 members separated from the main body in 1870 From 1896 to 1898 Pal Jungreis was rabbi of the Orthodox community but his convictions were not tolerated so Mark Benedikt was appointed rabbi 3 According to the 1910 census 10 1 of the city s population or 3125 people were Jewish by religion By then they were merchants and professionals an integral part of the city s culture In World War II during the occupation of Hungary by Nazi Germany 4228 Jews were deported July 4 6 1944 from Szombathely to Auschwitz The community was essentially destroyed Since 1975 the former Jewish temple has been adapted for use as a concert hall A memorial outside commemorates the Jews deported in World War II Population Edit Historical populationYearPop 17842 472 18508 338 237 3 187012 934 55 1 188017 055 31 9 189020 405 19 6 190029 959 46 8 191037 289 24 5 192042 275 13 4 193046 379 9 7 194150 935 9 8 194947 589 6 6 196054 758 15 1 197065 297 19 2 198082 851 26 9 199085 617 3 3 200181 920 4 3 201178 884 3 7 202078 591 0 4 Representation in other media EditJames Joyce wrote that the character Virag Rudolf the father of Leopold Bloom his Jewish Irish protagonist in Ulysses was from Szombathely Savaria appears in Total War Attila as a Roman settlement in PannoniaClimate EditClimate data for Szombathely Hungary 1961 1990 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high C F 1 5 34 7 4 5 40 1 9 9 49 8 15 4 59 7 20 2 68 4 23 2 73 8 25 5 77 9 24 9 76 8 21 1 70 0 15 4 59 7 8 0 46 4 3 1 37 6 14 4 57 9 Average low C F 4 8 23 4 2 8 27 0 0 0 32 0 4 2 39 6 8 5 47 3 11 9 53 4 13 3 55 9 13 0 55 4 9 8 49 6 4 9 40 8 0 8 33 4 2 9 26 8 4 7 40 4 Average precipitation mm inches 29 1 1 26 1 0 34 1 3 40 1 6 72 2 8 77 3 0 78 3 1 72 2 8 52 2 0 48 1 9 52 2 0 31 1 2 611 23 8 Source Hong Kong Observatory 9 Politics EditThe current mayor of Szombathely is Andras Nemeny MSZP The local Municipal Assembly elected at the 2019 local government elections is made up of 21 members 1 Mayor 14 Individual constituencies MEPs and 6 Compensation List MEPs divided into this political parties and alliances 10 Party Seats Current Municipal Assembly Opposition coalition a 11 M Fidesz KDNP 8 Independent 1 Pro Savaria 1 List of mayors Edit List of City Mayors from 1990 Member Party Term of officeAndras Wagner SZDSZ 1990 1998Gabor Szabo Fidesz 1998 2002Gyorgy Ipkovich MSZP SZDSZ 2002 2010Tivadar Puskas Fidesz KDNP 2010 2019Andras Nemeny MSZP a 2019 Media EditMediumwave broadcasting station Edit Near Szombathely there is since 1955 at 47 12 02 N 16 39 43 E 47 20056 N 16 66194 E 47 20056 16 66194 Szombathely Mediumwave Transmitter a mediumwave broadcasting station operated on 1251 kHz with 25 kW which uses as antenna two 60 metres tall free standing radio towers insulated against ground It is the only mediumwave broadcasting station in Hungary using free standing self radiating towers Sport EditSzombathely is home to the basketball team Falco KC 2019 champion of the Nemzeti Bajnoksag I A the country s top basketball league Falco plays its home games at the Arena Savaria Notable people EditLaszlo Almasy born in Burgenland Adrian Annus Jozsef Asboth winner of the 1947 French Open Laszlo Bardossy Bela Bartok composer Edmund Blum writer Zoltan David jewelry designer Arpad Fazekas footballer Robert Fazekas Gyorgy Garics Peter Halmosi Gabor Kiraly Janos Kajdi Olympic Boxer Silver Medal Munich 1972 Richard Rapport chess grandmaster Johannes Kretz Paul Laszlo Eugene Lukacs composer Laszlo Magyar explorer of Africa Dusan Mukics Krisztian Pars Miklos Takacs de Saar silviculturist politician Martin of Tours Nikolett Szabo Virag Voros ski jumper Sandor WeoresTwin towns sister cities EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Hungary Szombathely is twinned with 11 12 13 14 Ferrara Italy Hunedoara Romania Kaufbeuren Germany Kolding Denmark Kutaisi Georgia Lappeenranta Finland Lecco Italy Maribor Slovenia Nomme Tallinn Estonia Oberwart Austria Ramat Gan Israel Santiago do Cacem Portugal Trnava Slovakia Uzhorod Ukraine Yantai China Yoshkar Ola RussiaGallery Edit County Hall of Vas County in the Berzsenyi Daniel Square Episcopal Palace in the Berzsenyi Daniel Square Holy Trinity column in the Main Square Dominican church in the St Martin s Street Former savings bank building Baroque style school building in Szily Janos Street Evangelic church in the Kormendi Street Owl CastleReferences and notes EditReferences KSH Szombathely 2011 Eurostat 2016 KSH Szombathely 2011 KSH Szombathely 2011 Pliny the Elder III 146 Gregory of Tours Historia Francorum I 36 Archived copy Archived from the original on 2008 12 03 Retrieved 2008 10 29 CS1 maint archived copy as title link opened M86 Motorways Szombathely Vat Archived 2014 06 28 at archive today Climatological Information for Szombathely Hungary Hong Kong Observatory 2003 web HKO Szombathely Hungary Varosi kozgyules tagjai 2019 2024 Szombathely Vas megye valasztas hu Retrieved 2019 10 29 Szombathelyi Testvervarosi ko informaciok szombathely varosom hu in Hungarian Szombathely Retrieved 2020 11 10 Santiago do Cacem assina acordo de geminacao com municipio da Hungria radiocampanario com in Portuguese Diario Campanario 2019 06 07 Retrieved 2020 11 10 Interrelations kutaisi gov ge Kutaisi Retrieved 2020 02 13 Sister cities and friendly cooperation cities of Yantai chinadaily com cn China Daily Retrieved 2020 11 10 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain Singer Isidore et al eds 1901 1906 The Jewish Encyclopedia New York Funk amp Wagnalls Missing or empty title help by Isidore Singer amp Bela BernsteinNotes a b Coalition of Eljen Szombathely Momentum DK MSZP Dialogue LMP MKKP Solidarity Mindenki Magyarorszaga External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Szombathely Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Steinamanger Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Szombathely Official site of Szombathely permanent dead link More historical and touristic information in English Official site of the Savaria Historical Festival in Hungarian Szombathely at funiq hu in English Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Szombathely amp oldid 1050322865, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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