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Saccharum

Saccharum is a genus of tall perennial plants of the broomsedge tribe within the grass family.

Saccharum
Saccharum officinarum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Supertribe: Andropogonodae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Genus: Saccharum
L.
Type species
Saccharum officinarum
Synonyms
  • Erianthus Michx.
  • Narenga Bor
  • Saccharifera Stokes
  • Syllepis E.Fourn.

The genus is widespread across tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions in Africa, Eurasia, Australia, the Americas, and assorted oceanic islands. Several species are cultivated and naturalized in areas outside their native habitats.

Saccharum includes the sugarcanes. They have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are generally rich in sugar, and measure two to six m (6 to 19 ft) tall. All sugarcane species interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids.

Contents

As of September 2021[update], Plants of the World Online accepted the following species:

Placed in Lasiorhachis by Plants of the World Online as of September 2021[update]:

Placed in Tripidium by Plants of the World Online as of September 2021[update]:

Formerly included

Numerous species are now considered better suited in other genera: Andropogon, Chloris, Digitaria, Eriochrysis, Eulalia, Gynerium, Hemarthria, Imperata, Lophopogon, Melinis, Miscanthus, Panicum, Pappophorum, Paspalum, Perotis, Pogonatherum, Pseudopogonatherum, Spodiopogon, and Tricholaena.

  1. lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 119 (1929)
  2. Tropicos, Saccharum L.
  3. 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen
  4. "Saccharum L.". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved2021-09-05.
  5. Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 54 in Latin
  6. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  7. Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 576 甘蔗属 gan zhe shu Saccharum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 54. 1753.
  8. Flora of Pakistan, Saccharum Linn., Sp. Pl. 1: 54. 1753. Gen. Pl., ed. 5; 28.1754
  9. Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  10. Catasus Guerra, L. 1997. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, I. Fontqueria 46: [i–ii], 1–259.
  11. Davidse, G. & R. W. Pohl. 1994. 146. Saccharum L. 6: 378–379. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F..
  12. Phillips, S. 1995. Poaceae (Gramineae). Flora of Ethiopia 7: i–xx, 1–420.
  13. Welker, C. A. D. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner. 2012. The genera Eriochrysis P. Beauv., Imperata Cirillo and Saccharum L. (Poaceae - Andropogoneae - Saccharinae) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Botany 35(1): 87–105.
  14. "Lasiorhachis (Hack.) Stapf". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved2021-09-05.
  15. "Tripidium H.Scholz". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved2021-09-04.
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Saccharum
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Saccharum
Saccharum Language Watch Edit Saccharum is a genus of tall perennial plants of the broomsedge tribe within the grass family 5 SaccharumSaccharum officinarum 3 Scientific classificationKingdom PlantaeClade TracheophytesClade AngiospermsClade MonocotsClade CommelinidsOrder PoalesFamily PoaceaeSubfamily PanicoideaeSupertribe AndropogonodaeTribe AndropogoneaeSubtribe SaccharinaeGenus Saccharum L Type speciesSaccharum officinarum L 1 2 Synonyms 4 Erianthus Michx Narenga Bor Saccharifera Stokes Syllepis E Fourn The genus is widespread across tropical subtropical and warm temperate regions in Africa Eurasia Australia the Americas and assorted oceanic islands Several species are cultivated and naturalized in areas outside their native habitats 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Saccharum includes the sugarcanes They have stout jointed fibrous stalks that are generally rich in sugar and measure two to six m 6 to 19 ft tall All sugarcane species interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids Contents 1 Species 1 1 Formerly included 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksSpecies EditAs of September 2021 update Plants of the World Online accepted the following species 4 Saccharum alopecuroidum L Nutt southeastern USA Saccharum angustifolium Nees Trin South America Saccharum asperum Nees Steud South America Saccharum baldwinii Spreng southeastern USA Saccharum beccarii Stapf Cope Sumatra Saccharum brevibarbe Michx Pers southeastern USA Saccharum coarctatum Fern R Webster southeastern USA Saccharum contortum Baldwin ex Elliott Nutt southeastern USA Saccharum fallax Balansa China Assam southeast Asia Saccharum filifolium Steud Afghanistan Himalayas Saccharum formosanum Stapf Ohwi southern China Saccharum giganteum Walt Pers southeastern USA Cuba Jamaica Paraguay Argentina Saccharum griffithii Munro ex Aitch from Yemen to Bangladesh Saccharum intermedium Welker amp Peichoto Saccharum kajkaiense Melderis Melderis Oman Iran Afghanistan Pakistan Saccharum longesetosum Andersson V Naray ex Bor China Himalayas Indochina Saccharum maximum Brongn Trin Pacific Islands Saccharum narenga Nees ex Steud Hack China Indian Subcontinent Indochina Ethiopia Saccharum officinarum L New Guinea naturalized in many warm places Saccharum robustum Brandes amp Jesw ex Grassl New Guinea Saccharum rufipilum Steud China Indian Subcontinent Indochina Saccharum sikkimense Hook f V Naray ex Bor eastern Himalayas Saccharum sinense Roxb China Saccharum spontaneum L Asia Africa Sicily Papuasia Saccharum stewartii Rajesw R R Rao amp Arti Garg western Himalayas Saccharum velutinum Holttum Cope Peninsular Malaysia Saccharum villosum Steud South America Mesoamerica Saccharum wardii Bor Bor ex Cope Assam Bhutan Myanmar Saccharum williamsii Bor Bor ex Cope Nepal Placed in Lasiorhachis by Plants of the World Online as of September 2021 update 14 Saccharum hildebrandtii Hack Clayton Lasiorhachis hildebrandtii Saccharum perrieri A Camus Clayton Lasiorhachis perrieri Saccharum viguieri A Camus Clayton Lasiorhachis viguieri Placed in Tripidium by Plants of the World Online as of September 2021 update 15 Saccharum arundinaceum Retz East South Southeast Asia New Guinea Tripidium arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Retz India Pakistan Iran Afghanistan Tripidium bengalense Saccharum kanashiroi Ohwi Ohwi Ryukyu Islands Tripidium kanashiroi Saccharum procerum Roxb China Himalayas Indochina Tripidium procerum Saccharum ravennae L L Europe Asia Africa Tripidium ravennae Saccharum strictum Host Spreng from Italy to Iran Tripidium strictumFormerly included Edit Numerous species are now considered better suited in other genera Andropogon Chloris Digitaria Eriochrysis Eulalia Gynerium Hemarthria Imperata Lophopogon Melinis Miscanthus Panicum Pappophorum Paspalum Perotis Pogonatherum Pseudopogonatherum Spodiopogon and Tricholaena 6 See also EditDomesticated plants and animals of AustronesiaReferences Edit lectotype designated by Hitchcock Prop Brit Bot 119 1929 Tropicos Saccharum L 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Kohler Kohler s Medizinal Pflanzen a b Saccharum L Plants of the World Online Royal Botanic Gardens Kew Retrieved 2021 09 05 Linnaeus Carl von 1753 Species Plantarum 1 54 in Latin a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Flora of China Vol 22 Page 576 甘蔗属 gan zhe shu Saccharum Linnaeus Sp Pl 1 54 1753 Flora of Pakistan Saccharum Linn Sp Pl 1 54 1753 Gen Pl ed 5 28 1754 Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps Catasus Guerra L 1997 Las gramineas Poaceae de Cuba I Fontqueria 46 i ii 1 259 Davidse G amp R W Pohl 1994 146 Saccharum L 6 378 379 In G Davidse M Sousa Sanchez amp A O Chater eds Flora Mesoamericana Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Mexico D F Phillips S 1995 Poaceae Gramineae Flora of Ethiopia 7 i xx 1 420 Welker C A D amp H M Longhi Wagner 2012 The genera Eriochrysis P Beauv Imperata Cirillo and Saccharum L Poaceae Andropogoneae Saccharinae in the state of Rio Grande do Sul Brazil Brazilian Journal of Botany 35 1 87 105 Lasiorhachis Hack Stapf Plants of the World Online Royal Botanic Gardens Kew Retrieved 2021 09 05 Tripidium H Scholz Plants of the World Online Royal Botanic Gardens Kew Retrieved 2021 09 04 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Saccharum Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saccharum amp oldid 1042483256, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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