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Sachindra Nath Sanyal

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Sachindra Nath Sanyal (help·) (3 April 1893 — 7 February 1942) was an Indian revolutionary and a founder of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA, which after 1928 became the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association) that was created to carry out armed resistance against the British Empire in India. He was a mentor for revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh.

Sachindra Nath Sanyal
Old vintage phototype sketch of Sanyal
Born3 April 1893
Died7 February 1942 (aged 48)
OrganizationAnushilan Samiti, Ghadar Party, Hindustan Republican Association, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association,
MovementIndian revolutionary movement

Contents

Sachindra Nath Sanyal's parents were Bengali Brahmins. His father was Hari Nath Sanyal and his mother was Kherod Vasini Devi. He was born in Benaras, then in United Provinces, on 3 April 1893 and married Pratibha Sanyal, with whom he had one son.[citation needed]

Sanyal founded a branch of the Anushilan Samiti in Patna in 1913. In 1912 Delhi Conspiracy Trial Sanyal with Rashbehari Bose attacked the then Viceroy Hardinge while he was making entry into new capital of Delhi after anullment of Bengal Partition. Hardinge was injured.

He was extensively involved in the plans for the Ghadar conspiracy, and went underground after it was exposed in February 1915.[citation needed] He was a close associate of Rash Behari Bose. After Bose escaped to Japan, Sanyal was considered the most senior leader of India's revolutionary movement.

Sanyal was sentenced to life for his involvement in the conspiracy and was imprisoned at Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, where he wrote his book titled Bandi Jeevan (A Life of Captivity, 1922). He was briefly released from jail but when he continued to engage in anti-British activities, he was sent back and his ancestral family home in Benaras was confiscated.[citation needed]

Following the end of the Non-cooperation movement in 1922, Sanyal, Ram Prasad Bismil and some other revolutionaries who wanted an independent India and were prepared to use force to achieve their goal, founded the Hindustan Republican Association in October 1924. He was the author of the HRA manifesto, titled The Revolutionary, that was distributed in large cities of North India on 1 January 1925.

Sanyal was jailed for his involvement in the Kakori conspiracy but was among those conspirators released from Naini Central Prison in August 1937. Thus, Sanyal has the unique distinction of having been sent to the Cellular Jail in Port Blair twice.[citation needed] He contracted tuberculosis in jail and was sent to Gorakhpur Jail for his final months. He died on 7 February 1942.

Sanyal and Mahatma Gandhi engaged in a famous debate published in Young India between 1920 and 1924. Sanyal argued against Gandhi's gradualist approach.[citation needed]

Sanyal was a theist, although most of his followers were Marxists and thus opposed to religions. Bhagat Singh discusses Sanyal's beliefs in his tract Why I am an Atheist. Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee was a close associate of Sanyal.[citation needed] He was also supplied with guns by Maulana Shaukat Ali, who was at that time a supporter of Congress and its non-violent methods but not with the same fervor for non-violence that was expressed by his organization's leader, Gandhi. Another prominent Congressman, Krishna Kant Malaviya, also supplied him with weapons.

Sanyal participated in Anti-British programs, which resulted in a second prison term and government seizure of his Varanasi property. He died while serving his second term in prison on 7 February 1942.

  1. Govind, Nikhil (2014). Between Love and Freedom: The Revolutionary in the Hindi Novel (Revised ed.). Routledge. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-31755-976-4.
  2. Alam, Jawaid (2004). Government and Politics in Colonial Bihar, 1921-1937. Mittal Publications. p. 43. ISBN 978-8-17099-979-9.
  3. Gupta, Amit Kumar (September–October 1997). "Defying Death: Nationalist Revolutionism in India, 1897-1938". Social Scientist. 25 (9/10): 3–27. doi:10.2307/3517678. JSTOR 3517678.
  4. Singh, Bhagat; Hooja, Bhupendra (2007). Lāla, Camana (ed.). The Jail Notebook and Other Writings (Reprinted ed.). LeftWord Books. p. 14. ISBN 978-8-18749-672-4.
  5. Chopra, P. N. (2003). A Comprehensive History of India. 3. Sterling Publishers. p. 245. ISBN 978-8-12072-506-5.
  6. Balinisteanu, Tudor (2012). Violence, Narrative and Myth in Joyce and Yeats: Subjective Identity and Anarcho-Syndicalist Traditions. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-23029-095-2.
  7. Menon, Visalakshi (2003). From Movement To Government: The Congress in the United Provinces, 1937-42. SAGE Publications India. pp. 82, 135. ISBN 978-8-13210-368-4.
  8. Mittal, S. K.; Habib, Irfan (June 1982). "The Congress and the Revolutionaries in the 1920s". Social Scientist. 10 (6): 20–37. doi:10.2307/3517065. JSTOR 3517065.(subscription required)

Sachindra Nath Sanyal
Sachindra Nath Sanyal Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Sachin Sanyal This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Sachindra Nath Sanyal news newspapers books scholar JSTOR June 2014 Learn how and when to remove this template message Sachindra Nath Sanyal pronunciation help info 3 April 1893 7 February 1942 was an Indian revolutionary and a founder of the Hindustan Republican Association HRA which after 1928 became the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association that was created to carry out armed resistance against the British Empire in India He was a mentor for revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh Sachindra Nath SanyalOld vintage phototype sketch of SanyalBorn3 April 1893 Benaras United Provinces British IndiaDied7 February 1942 aged 48 Gorakhpur Jail United Provinces British IndiaOrganizationAnushilan Samiti Ghadar Party Hindustan Republican Association Hindustan Socialist Republican Association MovementIndian revolutionary movement Contents 1 Early life 2 Revolutionary career 3 Beliefs 4 Death 5 References 6 External linksEarly life EditSachindra Nath Sanyal s parents were Bengali Brahmins 1 His father was Hari Nath Sanyal and his mother was Kherod Vasini Devi He was born in Benaras then in United Provinces on 3 April 1893 and married Pratibha Sanyal with whom he had one son citation needed Revolutionary career EditSanyal founded a branch of the Anushilan Samiti in Patna in 1913 2 In 1912 Delhi Conspiracy Trial Sanyal with Rashbehari Bose attacked the then Viceroy Hardinge while he was making entry into new capital of Delhi after anullment of Bengal Partition Hardinge was injured He was extensively involved in the plans for the Ghadar conspiracy and went underground after it was exposed in February 1915 citation needed He was a close associate of Rash Behari Bose 3 After Bose escaped to Japan Sanyal was considered the most senior leader of India s revolutionary movement Sanyal was sentenced to life for his involvement in the conspiracy 2 and was imprisoned at Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands where he wrote his book titled Bandi Jeevan A Life of Captivity 1922 1 4 He was briefly released from jail but when he continued to engage in anti British activities he was sent back and his ancestral family home in Benaras was confiscated citation needed Following the end of the Non cooperation movement in 1922 1 Sanyal Ram Prasad Bismil and some other revolutionaries who wanted an independent India and were prepared to use force to achieve their goal founded the Hindustan Republican Association in October 1924 5 He was the author of the HRA manifesto titled The Revolutionary that was distributed in large cities of North India on 1 January 1925 6 Sanyal was jailed for his involvement in the Kakori conspiracy but was among those conspirators released from Naini Central Prison in August 1937 7 Thus Sanyal has the unique distinction of having been sent to the Cellular Jail in Port Blair twice citation needed He contracted tuberculosis in jail and was sent to Gorakhpur Jail for his final months He died on 7 February 1942 Beliefs EditSanyal and Mahatma Gandhi engaged in a famous debate published in Young India between 1920 and 1924 Sanyal argued against Gandhi s gradualist approach citation needed Sanyal was a theist although most of his followers were Marxists and thus opposed to religions Bhagat Singh discusses Sanyal s beliefs in his tract Why I am an Atheist Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee was a close associate of Sanyal citation needed He was also supplied with guns by Maulana Shaukat Ali who was at that time a supporter of Congress and its non violent methods but not with the same fervor for non violence that was expressed by his organization s leader Gandhi Another prominent Congressman Krishna Kant Malaviya also supplied him with weapons 8 Death EditSanyal participated in Anti British programs which resulted in a second prison term and government seizure of his Varanasi property He died while serving his second term in prison on 7 February 1942 References Edit a b c Govind Nikhil 2014 Between Love and Freedom The Revolutionary in the Hindi Novel Revised ed Routledge p 54 ISBN 978 1 31755 976 4 a b Alam Jawaid 2004 Government and Politics in Colonial Bihar 1921 1937 Mittal Publications p 43 ISBN 978 8 17099 979 9 Gupta Amit Kumar September October 1997 Defying Death Nationalist Revolutionism in India 1897 1938 Social Scientist 25 9 10 3 27 doi 10 2307 3517678 JSTOR 3517678 Singh Bhagat Hooja Bhupendra 2007 Lala Camana ed The Jail Notebook and Other Writings Reprinted ed LeftWord Books p 14 ISBN 978 8 18749 672 4 Chopra P N 2003 A Comprehensive History of India 3 Sterling Publishers p 245 ISBN 978 8 12072 506 5 Balinisteanu Tudor 2012 Violence Narrative and Myth in Joyce and Yeats Subjective Identity and Anarcho Syndicalist Traditions Palgrave Macmillan p 60 ISBN 978 0 23029 095 2 Menon Visalakshi 2003 From Movement To Government The Congress in the United Provinces 1937 42 SAGE Publications India pp 82 135 ISBN 978 8 13210 368 4 Mittal S K Habib Irfan June 1982 The Congress and the Revolutionaries in the 1920s Social Scientist 10 6 20 37 doi 10 2307 3517065 JSTOR 3517065 subscription required External links EditShaheed from Varanasi Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sachindra Nath Sanyal amp oldid 1051883983, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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