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Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples

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The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples (Latin: Congregatio pro Gentium Evangelizatione) is a congregation of the Roman Curia of the Catholic Church in Rome, responsible for missionary work and related activities. It is also known by its former title, the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (Latin: Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide), or simply the Propaganda Fide.

Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
Latin: Congregatio pro Gentium Evangelizatione
Coat of arms of the Holy See

Palazzo di Propaganda Fide, seat of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
Congregation overview
FormedJune 22, 1622; 399 years ago (1622-06-22)
Preceding Congregation
  • Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith
TypeCongregation
HeadquartersPalazzo di Propaganda Fide, Rome, Italy
Congregation executives

In principle it is responsible for pre-diocesan missionary jurisdictions (of the Latin rite): Mission sui iuris, Apostolic prefecture (neither entitled to a titular bishop) Apostolic vicariate; equivalents of other rites (e.g. Apostolic exarchate) are in the sway of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. However many former missionary jurisdictions - mainly in the Third World - remain, after promotion to diocese of (Metropolitan) Archdiocese, under the Propaganda Fide instead of the normally competent Congregation for Bishops, notably in countries/regions where the Catholic church is too poor/small (as in most African countries) to aspire self-sufficiency and/or local authorities hostile to Catholic/Christian/any (organized) faith.

It was founded by Pope Gregory XV in 1622 to arrange missionary work on behalf of the various religious institutions, and in 1627 Pope Urban VIII established within it a training college for missionaries, the Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide. When Pope Paul VI reorganized and adjusted the tasks of the Roman Curia with the publication of Regimini Ecclesiae Universae 15 August 1967, the name of the congregation was changed to the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

The early congregation was established in the Palazzo Ferratini, donated by Juan Bautista Vives, to the south of the Piazza di Spagna. Two of the foremost artistic figures of Baroque Rome were involved in the development of the architectural complex; the sculptor and architect Gianlorenzo Bernini and the architect Francesco Borromini.

The current Prefect of the Congregation is Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle since December 2019. The current Secretary is Archbishop Protase Rugambwa. The current Adjunct Secretary (and President of the Pontifical Mission Societies) is Archbishop Giampietro Del Toso The Under-Secretary is Father Ryszard Szmydki, O.M.I. The Archivist of the Archives of the Congregation is Monsignor Luis Manuel Cuña Ramos. Monsignors Lorenzo Piva and Camillus Nimalan Johnpillai assist as Office Heads of the Congregation.

Contents

Alexandre de Rhodes' Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum, published by the Propaganda Fide in 1651.

Founded in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV with the bull Inscrutabili Divinae, the body was charged with fostering the spread of Catholicism and with the regulation of Catholic ecclesiastical affairs in non-Catholic countries. The intrinsic importance of its duties and the extraordinary extent of its authority and of the territory under its jurisdiction caused the Cardinal Prefect of Propaganda to be known as the "red pope".

When the body was created, the administration of colonial territories was increasingly controlled by the Dutch and English, both intent on spreading Protestantism. Rome perceived the very real threat of Protestantism spreading in the wake of commercial empire. By 1648, with the end of the Thirty Years' War, the official Catholic-Protestant balance in Europe appeared settled, but vast regions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas remained both undeveloped and contested.

There had already been a less formally instituted committee of cardinals concerned with propaganda fide since the time of Pope Gregory XIII (1572–1585). They were especially charged with promoting the union with Rome of the long-established eastern Christian communities: Slavs, Greeks, Syrians, Egyptians, and Abyssinians. This was the traditional direction for the evangelization efforts of the Catholic Church. Catechisms were printed in many languages and seminarians sent to places as far as Malabar. The most concrete result was the union with Rome of the Ruthenian Catholic communion, most concentrated in modern-day Ukraine and Belarus; the union was formalized at Brest in 1596.

The death of Pope Gregory XV the following year did not interrupt the organization, because Cardinal Barberini, one of the original thirteen members of the congregation, became the next pope as Urban VIII (1623–1644). Under Urban VIII, a central seminary, the Collegium Urbanum, was established to train missionaries. The Congregation also operated a polyglot printing press in Rome, printing catechisms in many languages. Their procurators were especially active in China from 1705, moving between Macau and Canton before finally settling in Hong Kong in 1842.

In strongly Protestant areas, the Congregation's activities were considered subversive: the first missionary to be killed was in Grisons, Switzerland, in April 1622, before the papal bull authorizing its creation had been disseminated. In Ireland after Catholic emancipation (1829) while the established church was still the Protestant Church of Ireland, the Irish Catholic church came under the control of the Congregation in 1833, and soon reformed itself with a devotional revolution under Cardinal Cullen.

The Holy See removed the United States from the jurisdiction of Propaganda Fide as mission territory in 1908, along with England, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Canada.

These "Cardinals in General Congregation" met weekly, keeping their records in Latin until 1657, then in Italian. The minutes are available in microfilm (filling 84 reels) at large libraries. In the course of their work, the Propaganda fide missionaries accumulated the objects now in the Vatican Museum's Ethnological Missionary Museum.

In 2014 Sr. Luzia Premoli, superior general of the Combonian Missionary Sisters, was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, the first woman to be appointed a member of a Roman curial congregation.

The Congregation for the Propagation of the Sacred Faith was established in 1622 due to the realization that the governmental structure of the episcopal structure and the decretal law was not possible. Episcopal structure and the Decretal law was government as described in the New Testament. In this new structure, missionaries would be given orders from Rome, and administrative power would be traded over to those who were titled bishops. The Congregation for the Propagation of the Sacred Faith was left in charge to give faculties to the aforementioned bishops in addition to perfects, who were similar to bishops without the notoriety.

A congregation of cardinals for the propagations of the faith.

The congregation made special use of cardinals and their role in the church to unify Christianities in different countries with Rome in an effort to evangelize individuals who were similar in faith. The goal of this was to historically regulate missionary work through structural accountability. According to Fernando Cardinal Filioni, “The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples has jurisdiction over 186 archdioceses, 785 dioceses, 82 vicariates apostolic, 39 prefectures apostolic, 4 apostolic administrations, 6 missiones sui iuris, 1 territorial abbacy, and 6 military ordinariates,” in today’s modern organization. The Congregation has even further jurisdiction over countries in almost every continent including Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and North America. The church overall has many statues and regulations in place for the overseen congregations so that they may determine the appropriate way to hold mass, perform the sacraments and spread the gospel in difficult or challenging settings.

Procurement of financial support

During Clement VIII’s reign, in the sixteenth century, the second purpose for the Congregation for the Propagation of the Sacred Faith (CPF) was for the organization to procure financial support for their missions – both in domestic and international territory. Each territory would have procurators, where these individuals would ensure that mail, funds, and merchandise could be sent via any route, and Swedish, Danish, and English ships were preferred for their reliability. Most of CPF missions were run and funded by religious orders which were affiliated with this organization, but they were financially independent, like the French MEP and Italian Barnabites; and on the other hand, other income came from land properties, real estate, and commercial rentals in Rome and the Pontifical States, and also inheritance and donations from benefactors – from within in Italy and abroad. Currently, these efforts are the ways in which CPF obtains funds for the mission, however, the World Mission Sunday is the main resource of collection for financial support for this organization.

The establishment of a seminary for the training of missionaries.

The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples was set out on missionary work to the world. One way of advocating for their Christian beliefs was the creation of a collegiate institution for their beliefs. Originally called the Collegium Urbanium Propaganda de fide, it is currently called Pontifical Urban University or Urbania after its names both in Latin and Italian. The collegiate seminary was named after the reigning Pope at the time, Pope Urban VIII. It was established on August 1, 1627, with the Pope’s papal bull, Immortalis Dei Filius in Rome at the Piazza di Spagna, most specifically the Palazzo di Propaganda Fide. It was created for the preparation of priests, religious men and or women, as well as prep missionaries for their ongoing missions henceforth, its supreme academic authority, is the Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation. According to Urbania .org “The University provides for research and teaching within the framework of the Holy See’s educational system regulated by the Congregation for Catholic Education” ( Pontificia Università Urbaniana). Its academic focuses are in the studies of philosophy, theology, canon law, as well as missiology.( For more see Pontifical Urban University )

The establishment of a printing press to provide literature for missions. The congregation needed to mass-produce literature for their missions so they established their own printing press four years after their founding in 1626 (New Catholic Encyclopedia 11, 751). The press contributed it literature to the Collegium Urbanum as well as to missionaries traveling cross-country to territories that the Vatican entrusted them. The press was originally called Polyglotta, and was intended to print Catholic literature in the various native languages that CPF missionaries would encounter. The press faced significant challenges when most of the equipment and machinery they used to print books was stolen and destroyed during the invasion of Rome in the Napoleonic Wars, 1809 (New Catholic Encyclopedia 11, 751). Later in 1926, the Polyglotta Press was absorbed by the Vatican Printing Press under the leadership of Pope Pius X.

The Southwest facade by Borromini: etching by Giuseppe Vasi, 1761.
The North facade at Piazza di Spagna by Bernini; behind the Column of the Immaculate Conception.
Credit: Lalupa

The Congregation was originally housed in a small palace, the Palazzo Ferratini, donated by the Spanish priest Vives, at the southern end of the Piazza di Spagna. The architectural complex of the Propoaganda Fide was developed in the triangular urban block between the Via Due Macelli and the Via del Collegio di Propaganda Fide, two streets which diverged from the piazza.

In 1634 a small oval chapel was built according to designs by Bernini. In 1642, Father Valerio, with Bernini, redesigned the façade to the Piazza di Spagna, and the development was continued along the Via Due Macelli by Gaspare de’Vecchio from 1639–1645.

In 1648, Borromini took over and made various proposals that included demolishing Bernini’s chapel, which must have been particularly galling for the latter as he could see the building from his house on Via Mercede. Initially Borromini designed an elongated oval chapel plan but this was superseded by a rectilinear design, with the greater length parallel to the street, and with curved corners on the interior. Construction of the chapel commenced in 1660 and although the main part was built by 1665, some of the decoration was carried out after his death. The Re Magi chapel, dedicated to the Three Kings, has a plan with four side chapels and galleries above. On the interior, the wall and the vault are differentiated horizontally by a cornice line but there is a vertical continuity of wall and vault which allows for windows at the base of the vault. The wall pilasters are continued in the vault as ribs that criss-cross and unite the space, unlike his design at the Oratory of Philip Neri Oratorio dei Filippini where the ribs are interrupted by the oval fresco at the centre of the vault. The criss-cross arrangement in the Re Magi Chapel is such that an octagon is formed at the centre, embellished with a Dove of the Holy Spirit bathed in golden rays.

His first designs for the façade onto the Via di Propaganda Fide had five bays but he expanded this to seven. The façade is dominated by the giant pilasters that originally supported a balustrade above the narrow entablature but later extensions obliterated the balustrade. The central bay of the façade is a concave curve with angled pies at its edges, perhaps in recognition that this façade would always be seen at an oblique angle because of the narrowness of the street. The central door leads into the courtyard where Borromini intended a curved arcade but this was not built. Only the left hand side of the façade relates to the chapel and the right to the stair and entrance to the College.

Other parts of the College have further minor works by Borromini.

Prefects

Prefect of Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
Incumbent
Luis Antonio Tagle

since 8 December 2019
Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
StyleHis Eminence
Member ofRoman Curia
Reports toThe Pope
AppointerThe Pope
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Constituting instrumentInscrutabili Divinae
Pastor Bonus
Formation22 June 1622
First holderAntonio Maria Sauli
Unofficial namesThe Red Pope

The prefect is ex officio President of the Interdicasterial Commission for Consecrated Religious and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Urbaniana University.

No. Name From Until Appointer
1 Antonio Maria Sauli 1622 1622 Gregory XV
2 Ludovico Ludovisi 1622 1632 Gregory XV
3 Antonio Barberini 1632 1645 Urban VIII
4 Luigi Capponi
(while Barberini was in exile)
1645 1649 Innocent X
5 Antonio Barberini 1649 1671 Innocent X
6 Paluzzo Paluzzi
Altieri degli Albertoni
1671 1698 Clement X
7 Carlo Barberini 1698 1704 Innocent XII
8 Giuseppe Sacripanti 1704 1727 Clement XI
9 Vincenzo Petra 1727 1747 Benedict XIII
10 Silvio Valenti Gonzaga 1747 1756 Benedict XIV
11 Giuseppe Spinelli 1756 1763 Benedict XIV
12 Giuseppe Maria Castelli 1763 1780 Clement XIII
13 Leonardo Antonelli 1780 1795 Pius VI
14 Giacinto Sigismondo Gerdil 1795 1802 Pius VI
15 Stefano Borgia
(Pro-Prefect until 1800)
1798 1800 Pius VI
1802 1804 Pius VII
16 Antonio Dugnani 1804 1805 Pius VII
17 Michele di Pietro 1805 1814 Pius VII
18 Lorenzo Litta 1814 1818 Pius VII
19 Francesco Luigi Fontana 1818 1822 Pius VII
20 Ercole Consalvi 1822 1824 Pius VII
21 Giulio Maria della Somaglia
Pro-Prefect
1824 1826 Leo XII
22 Mauro Capellari
(elected as Pope Gregory XVI)
1826 1831 Leo XII
23 Carlo Maria Pedicini 1831 1834 Gregory XVI
24 Giacomo Filippo Fransoni 1834 1856 Gregory XVI
25 Alessandro Barnabò 1856 1874 Pius IX
26 Alessandro Franchi 1874 1878 Pius IX
27 Giovanni Simeoni 1878 1892 Leo XIII
28 Mieczysław Halka
Ledóchowski
1892 1902 Leo XIII
29 Girolamo Maria Gotti 1902 1916 Leo XIII
30 Domenico Serafini 1916 1918 Benedict XV
31 Willem van Rossum 1918 1932 Pius XI
32 Pietro Fumasoni Biondi 1933 1960 Pius XI
33 Samuel Stritch
Pro-Prefect
1958 1958 Pius XII
34 Gregorio Pietro Agagianian
(Pro-Prefect until 1960)
1958 1960 Pius XII
1960 1970 John XXIII
35 Agnelo Rossi 1970 1984 Paul VI
36 Dermot J. Ryan
Pro-Prefect
1984 1985 John Paul II
37 Jozef Tomko 1985 2001 John Paul II
38 Crescenzio Sepe 2001 2006 John Paul II
39 Ivan Dias 2006 2011 Benedict XVI
40 Fernando Filoni 2011 2019 Benedict XVI
41 Luis Antonio Tagle 2019 Incumbent Francis

Secretaries

The secretary assists the cardinal-prefect in the day-to-day running of the congregation and is always an archbishop. They usually go on to hold a position in the Roman Curia that brings them membership to the College of Cardinals.

  • Ingoli, Franciscus (1622–1649).
  • Massari, Dyonisius (1649–1657).
  • Alberici, Marius(1657–1668).
  • Ubaldi, Fridericus, Arch. Caesarien. (1668–1673).
  • Ravizza, Franciscus, Arch. Laodicen. (1673–1675).
  • Cerri, Urbanus, (1675–1679).
  • Cibo, Eduardus, Patr. Constantinop. (1680–1695).
  • Fabroni, Carolus (1695–1706).
  • BIiancheri, Antonius (1706–1707).
  • De Cavalieri, Silvius, Arch. Athenarum. (1707–1717).
  • Carafa, Aloisius, Arch. Larissen. (1717–1724).
  • Ruspoli, Bartholamaeus (1724–1730).
  • Forteguerra, Nicolaus (1730–1735).
  • Monti, Philippus (1735–1743).
  • Lercari, Nicolaus (1743–1757).
  • Antonelli, Nicolaus (1757–1759).
  • Marefoschi, Marius (1759–1770).
  • Borgia, Stephanus (1770–1789).
  • Sandodari, Antonius, Arch. Adanen. (1789–1795).
  • Brancadoro, Caesar, Arch. Niaiben. (1796–1801).
  • Coppola, Dominicus, Arch. Myren. (1801–1808).
  • Quarantotti, Joannes B. (1808–1816).
  • Pedicini, Carolus Maria (1816–1822).
  • Caprano, Patrus, Arch. Iconien. (1823–1828).
  • Castracane degli Antelminelli, Castruccius (1829–1833).
  • Mai, Angelus (1833–1838).
  • Cadolini, Ignatius, Arch. Spoletanus. (1838–1843).
  • Brutnelli, Joannes (1843–1847).
  • Barnabo, Alexander (1848–1856).
  • Bedini, Cajetanus, Arch. Thebarum. (1856–1861).
  • Capalti, Hannibal (1861–1868).
  • Simeoni, Joannes (1868–1875).
  • Agnozzi, Joannes B. (1877–1879).
  • Masotti, Ignatius (1879–1882).
  • Jacobini, Dominicus, Arch. Tyrem. (1882–1891).
  • Persico, Ignatius, Arch. Tamiathen. (1891–1893).
  • Ciasca, Augustinus, Arch. Larissen. (1893–1899).
  • Veccia, Aloisius (1899–1911).
  • Laurenti, Camillus (1911 –
  • Celso Costantini (1935–1953)
  • Pietro Sigismondi (27 September 1954 – 25 May 1967)
  • Bernardin Gantin (26 February 1973 – 19 December 1975)
  • Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy (19 December 1975 – 30 October 1985)
  • José Tomás Sánchez (30 October 1985 – 21 June 1991)
  • Giuseppe Uhac (21 June 1991 – 18 January 1998)
  • Marcello Zago, O.M.I. (28 March 1998 – 1 March 2001)
  • Robert Sarah (1 October 2001 – 7 October 2010)
  • Savio Hon Tai-Fai (29 December 2010 – 28 September 2017)
  • Protase Rugambwa (9 November 2017 – )

Adjunct Secretaries

The adjunct secretary, when one is appointed, is concurrently President of the Pontifical Mission Societies.

Undersecretary

Delegate of the Administration

  • Msgr. Angelo Mottola (Italy; later Archbishop) (1986 – 1999.07.16)
  1. "Profile". The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. Vatican. Retrieved24 May 2017.
  2. Dulles, Avery Cardinal (2009). Evangelization for the Third Millennium. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8091-4622-2.
  3. "Tanzanian appointed secretary of Congregation for Evangelization of Peoples".
  4. "PMO". www.pmoinindia.org. Archived from the original on 2018-03-20. Retrieved2018-03-19.
  5. "Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples".
  6. "Vatican office for evangelization of peoples gets a new undersecretary". Catholic News Agency. 2017-09-28. Retrieved2017-10-08.
  7. "press.catholica.va/news_services/bulletin/news/30075.php?index=30075 – Translator". www.microsofttranslator.com. Retrieved2017-04-24.
  8. "First woman appointed to a Vatican congregation joyful :: EWTN News". www.ewtnnews.com. Retrieved2017-04-24.
  9. Huizing, Canon Law.
  10. FILONI, FERNANDO CARDINAL (2016). "The Reception of the Code in the Missionary Territories and the Special Faculties Granted to the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples". Jurist: Studies in Church Order & Ministry. 76 (1): 5–18.
  11. "Pontifical Urbaniana University - Ateneo". www.urbaniana.org. Retrieved2019-05-09.
  12. Holy See, Vatican Website.
  13. romeartlover. "Collegio di Propaganda Fide". www.romeartlover.it.
  14. Blunt, A. Guide to Baroque Rome, Granada, 1982, 246
  15. Blunt, 1982, 166
  16. Magnuson, T. Rome in the Age of Bernini, Vol 2, 206–7
  17. Blunt, 1979, 246
  18. "Rinunce e Nomine, 08.12.2019" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. Retrieved8 December 2019.
Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article "Propaganda".


Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples news newspapers books scholar JSTOR January 2018 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Latin Congregatio pro Gentium Evangelizatione is a congregation of the Roman Curia of the Catholic Church in Rome responsible for missionary work and related activities It is also known by its former title the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith Latin Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide or simply the Propaganda Fide Congregation for the Evangelization of PeoplesLatin Congregatio pro Gentium EvangelizationeCoat of arms of the Holy SeePalazzo di Propaganda Fide seat of the Congregation for the Evangelization of PeoplesCongregation overviewFormedJune 22 1622 399 years ago 1622 06 22 Preceding CongregationSacred Congregation for the Propagation of the FaithTypeCongregationHeadquartersPalazzo di Propaganda Fide Rome ItalyCongregation executivesLuis Antonio Tagle PrefectProtase Rugambwa SecretaryGiovanni Pietro Dal Toso Adjunct Secretary In principle it is responsible for pre diocesan missionary jurisdictions of the Latin rite Mission sui iuris Apostolic prefecture neither entitled to a titular bishop Apostolic vicariate equivalents of other rites e g Apostolic exarchate are in the sway of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches However many former missionary jurisdictions mainly in the Third World remain after promotion to diocese of Metropolitan Archdiocese under the Propaganda Fide instead of the normally competent Congregation for Bishops notably in countries regions where the Catholic church is too poor small as in most African countries to aspire self sufficiency and or local authorities hostile to Catholic Christian any organized faith It was founded by Pope Gregory XV in 1622 to arrange missionary work on behalf of the various religious institutions and in 1627 Pope Urban VIII established within it a training college for missionaries the Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide When Pope Paul VI reorganized and adjusted the tasks of the Roman Curia with the publication of Regimini Ecclesiae Universae 15 August 1967 the name of the congregation was changed to the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples 1 2 The early congregation was established in the Palazzo Ferratini donated by Juan Bautista Vives to the south of the Piazza di Spagna Two of the foremost artistic figures of Baroque Rome were involved in the development of the architectural complex the sculptor and architect Gianlorenzo Bernini and the architect Francesco Borromini The current Prefect of the Congregation is Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle since December 2019 The current Secretary is Archbishop Protase Rugambwa 3 The current Adjunct Secretary and President of the Pontifical Mission Societies 4 is Archbishop Giampietro Del Toso 5 The Under Secretary is Father Ryszard Szmydki O M I 6 The Archivist of the Archives of the Congregation is Monsignor Luis Manuel Cuna Ramos Monsignors Lorenzo Piva and Camillus Nimalan Johnpillai assist as Office Heads of the Congregation 7 Contents 1 History 2 Purposes 3 Palazzo di Propaganda Fide 4 Officials 4 1 Prefects 4 2 Secretaries 4 3 Adjunct Secretaries 4 4 Undersecretary 4 5 Delegate of the Administration 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory Edit Alexandre de Rhodes Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum published by the Propaganda Fide in 1651 Founded in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV with the bull Inscrutabili Divinae the body was charged with fostering the spread of Catholicism and with the regulation of Catholic ecclesiastical affairs in non Catholic countries The intrinsic importance of its duties and the extraordinary extent of its authority and of the territory under its jurisdiction caused the Cardinal Prefect of Propaganda to be known as the red pope When the body was created the administration of colonial territories was increasingly controlled by the Dutch and English both intent on spreading Protestantism Rome perceived the very real threat of Protestantism spreading in the wake of commercial empire By 1648 with the end of the Thirty Years War the official Catholic Protestant balance in Europe appeared settled but vast regions of Asia Africa and the Americas remained both undeveloped and contested There had already been a less formally instituted committee of cardinals concerned with propaganda fide since the time of Pope Gregory XIII 1572 1585 They were especially charged with promoting the union with Rome of the long established eastern Christian communities Slavs Greeks Syrians Egyptians and Abyssinians This was the traditional direction for the evangelization efforts of the Catholic Church Catechisms were printed in many languages and seminarians sent to places as far as Malabar The most concrete result was the union with Rome of the Ruthenian Catholic communion most concentrated in modern day Ukraine and Belarus the union was formalized at Brest in 1596 The death of Pope Gregory XV the following year did not interrupt the organization because Cardinal Barberini one of the original thirteen members of the congregation became the next pope as Urban VIII 1623 1644 Under Urban VIII a central seminary the Collegium Urbanum was established to train missionaries The Congregation also operated a polyglot printing press in Rome printing catechisms in many languages Their procurators were especially active in China from 1705 moving between Macau and Canton before finally settling in Hong Kong in 1842 In strongly Protestant areas the Congregation s activities were considered subversive the first missionary to be killed was in Grisons Switzerland in April 1622 before the papal bull authorizing its creation had been disseminated In Ireland after Catholic emancipation 1829 while the established church was still the Protestant Church of Ireland the Irish Catholic church came under the control of the Congregation in 1833 and soon reformed itself with a devotional revolution under Cardinal Cullen The Holy See removed the United States from the jurisdiction of Propaganda Fide as mission territory in 1908 along with England the Netherlands Luxembourg and Canada These Cardinals in General Congregation met weekly keeping their records in Latin until 1657 then in Italian The minutes are available in microfilm filling 84 reels at large libraries In the course of their work the Propaganda fide missionaries accumulated the objects now in the Vatican Museum s Ethnological Missionary Museum In 2014 Sr Luzia Premoli superior general of the Combonian Missionary Sisters was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples the first woman to be appointed a member of a Roman curial congregation 8 Purposes EditThe Congregation for the Propagation of the Sacred Faith was established in 1622 due to the realization that the governmental structure of the episcopal structure and the decretal law was not possible Episcopal structure and the Decretal law was government as described in the New Testament In this new structure missionaries would be given orders from Rome and administrative power would be traded over to those who were titled bishops The Congregation for the Propagation of the Sacred Faith was left in charge to give faculties to the aforementioned bishops in addition to perfects who were similar to bishops without the notoriety 9 A congregation of cardinals for the propagations of the faith The congregation made special use of cardinals and their role in the church to unify Christianities in different countries with Rome in an effort to evangelize individuals who were similar in faith The goal of this was to historically regulate missionary work through structural accountability According to Fernando Cardinal Filioni The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples has jurisdiction over 186 archdioceses 785 dioceses 82 vicariates apostolic 39 prefectures apostolic 4 apostolic administrations 6 missiones sui iuris 1 territorial abbacy and 6 military ordinariates in today s modern organization 10 The Congregation has even further jurisdiction over countries in almost every continent including Asia Africa Latin America the Caribbean and North America The church overall has many statues and regulations in place for the overseen congregations so that they may determine the appropriate way to hold mass perform the sacraments and spread the gospel in difficult or challenging settings Procurement of financial support During Clement VIII s reign in the sixteenth century the second purpose for the Congregation for the Propagation of the Sacred Faith CPF was for the organization to procure financial support for their missions both in domestic and international territory Each territory would have procurators where these individuals would ensure that mail funds and merchandise could be sent via any route and Swedish Danish and English ships were preferred for their reliability Most of CPF missions were run and funded by religious orders which were affiliated with this organization but they were financially independent like the French MEP and Italian Barnabites and on the other hand other income came from land properties real estate and commercial rentals in Rome and the Pontifical States and also inheritance and donations from benefactors from within in Italy and abroad Currently these efforts are the ways in which CPF obtains funds for the mission however the World Mission Sunday is the main resource of collection for financial support for this organization The establishment of a seminary for the training of missionaries The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples was set out on missionary work to the world One way of advocating for their Christian beliefs was the creation of a collegiate institution for their beliefs Originally called the Collegium Urbanium Propaganda de fide it is currently called Pontifical Urban University or Urbania after its names both in Latin and Italian The collegiate seminary was named after the reigning Pope at the time Pope Urban VIII It was established on August 1 1627 with the Pope s papal bull Immortalis Dei Filius in Rome at the Piazza di Spagna most specifically the Palazzo di Propaganda Fide It was created for the preparation of priests religious men and or women as well as prep missionaries for their ongoing missions henceforth its supreme academic authority is the Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation According to Urbania org The University provides for research and teaching within the framework of the Holy See s educational system regulated by the Congregation for Catholic Education Pontificia Universita Urbaniana 11 Its academic focuses are in the studies of philosophy theology canon law as well as missiology For more see Pontifical Urban University The establishment of a printing press to provide literature for missions The congregation needed to mass produce literature for their missions so they established their own printing press four years after their founding in 1626 New Catholic Encyclopedia 11 751 The press contributed it literature to the Collegium Urbanum as well as to missionaries traveling cross country to territories that the Vatican entrusted them The press was originally called Polyglotta and was intended to print Catholic literature in the various native languages that CPF missionaries would encounter 12 The press faced significant challenges when most of the equipment and machinery they used to print books was stolen and destroyed during the invasion of Rome in the Napoleonic Wars 1809 New Catholic Encyclopedia 11 751 Later in 1926 the Polyglotta Press was absorbed by the Vatican Printing Press under the leadership of Pope Pius X Palazzo di Propaganda Fide Edit The Southwest facade by Borromini etching by Giuseppe Vasi 1761 13 The North facade at Piazza di Spagna by Bernini behind the Column of the Immaculate Conception Credit Lalupa The Congregation was originally housed in a small palace the Palazzo Ferratini donated by the Spanish priest Vives at the southern end of the Piazza di Spagna The architectural complex of the Propoaganda Fide was developed in the triangular urban block between the Via Due Macelli and the Via del Collegio di Propaganda Fide two streets which diverged from the piazza In 1634 a small oval chapel was built according to designs by Bernini In 1642 Father Valerio with Bernini redesigned the facade to the Piazza di Spagna and the development was continued along the Via Due Macelli by Gaspare de Vecchio from 1639 1645 14 In 1648 Borromini took over and made various proposals that included demolishing Bernini s chapel which must have been particularly galling for the latter as he could see the building from his house on Via Mercede 15 Initially Borromini designed an elongated oval chapel plan but this was superseded by a rectilinear design with the greater length parallel to the street and with curved corners on the interior Construction of the chapel commenced in 1660 and although the main part was built by 1665 some of the decoration was carried out after his death 16 The Re Magi chapel dedicated to the Three Kings has a plan with four side chapels and galleries above On the interior the wall and the vault are differentiated horizontally by a cornice line but there is a vertical continuity of wall and vault which allows for windows at the base of the vault The wall pilasters are continued in the vault as ribs that criss cross and unite the space unlike his design at the Oratory of Philip Neri Oratorio dei Filippini where the ribs are interrupted by the oval fresco at the centre of the vault The criss cross arrangement in the Re Magi Chapel is such that an octagon is formed at the centre embellished with a Dove of the Holy Spirit bathed in golden rays His first designs for the facade onto the Via di Propaganda Fide had five bays but he expanded this to seven The facade is dominated by the giant pilasters that originally supported a balustrade above the narrow entablature but later extensions obliterated the balustrade The central bay of the facade is a concave curve with angled pies at its edges perhaps in recognition that this facade would always be seen at an oblique angle because of the narrowness of the street The central door leads into the courtyard where Borromini intended a curved arcade but this was not built 17 Only the left hand side of the facade relates to the chapel and the right to the stair and entrance to the College Other parts of the College have further minor works by Borromini Officials EditPrefects Edit Prefect of Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Coat of arms of the Holy See Incumbent Luis Antonio Tagle since 8 December 2019Congregation for the Evangelization of PeoplesStyleHis EminenceMember ofRoman CuriaReports toThe PopeAppointerThe PopeTerm lengthFive years renewableConstituting instrumentInscrutabili Divinae Pastor BonusFormation22 June 1622First holderAntonio Maria SauliUnofficial namesThe Red Pope The prefect is ex officio President of the Interdicasterial Commission for Consecrated Religious and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Urbaniana University No Name From Until Appointer1 Antonio Maria Sauli 1622 1622 Gregory XV2 Ludovico Ludovisi 1622 1632 Gregory XV3 Antonio Barberini 1632 1645 Urban VIII4 Luigi Capponi while Barberini was in exile 1645 1649 Innocent X5 Antonio Barberini 1649 1671 Innocent X6 Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni 1671 1698 Clement X7 Carlo Barberini 1698 1704 Innocent XII8 Giuseppe Sacripanti 1704 1727 Clement XI9 Vincenzo Petra 1727 1747 Benedict XIII10 Silvio Valenti Gonzaga 1747 1756 Benedict XIV11 Giuseppe Spinelli 1756 1763 Benedict XIV12 Giuseppe Maria Castelli 1763 1780 Clement XIII13 Leonardo Antonelli 1780 1795 Pius VI14 Giacinto Sigismondo Gerdil 1795 1802 Pius VI15 Stefano Borgia Pro Prefect until 1800 1798 1800 Pius VI1802 1804 Pius VII16 Antonio Dugnani 1804 1805 Pius VII17 Michele di Pietro 1805 1814 Pius VII18 Lorenzo Litta 1814 1818 Pius VII19 Francesco Luigi Fontana 1818 1822 Pius VII20 Ercole Consalvi 1822 1824 Pius VII21 Giulio Maria della Somaglia Pro Prefect 1824 1826 Leo XII22 Mauro Capellari elected as Pope Gregory XVI 1826 1831 Leo XII23 Carlo Maria Pedicini 1831 1834 Gregory XVI24 Giacomo Filippo Fransoni 1834 1856 Gregory XVI25 Alessandro Barnabo 1856 1874 Pius IX26 Alessandro Franchi 1874 1878 Pius IX27 Giovanni Simeoni 1878 1892 Leo XIII28 Mieczyslaw Halka Ledochowski 1892 1902 Leo XIII29 Girolamo Maria Gotti 1902 1916 Leo XIII30 Domenico Serafini 1916 1918 Benedict XV31 Willem van Rossum 1918 1932 Pius XI32 Pietro Fumasoni Biondi 1933 1960 Pius XI33 Samuel Stritch Pro Prefect 1958 1958 Pius XII34 Gregorio Pietro Agagianian Pro Prefect until 1960 1958 1960 Pius XII1960 1970 John XXIII35 Agnelo Rossi 1970 1984 Paul VI36 Dermot J Ryan Pro Prefect 1984 1985 John Paul II37 Jozef Tomko 1985 2001 John Paul II38 Crescenzio Sepe 2001 2006 John Paul II39 Ivan Dias 2006 2011 Benedict XVI40 Fernando Filoni 2011 2019 Benedict XVI41 Luis Antonio Tagle 2019 18 Incumbent FrancisSecretaries Edit The secretary assists the cardinal prefect in the day to day running of the congregation and is always an archbishop They usually go on to hold a position in the Roman Curia that brings them membership to the College of Cardinals Ingoli Franciscus 1622 1649 Massari Dyonisius 1649 1657 Alberici Marius 1657 1668 Ubaldi Fridericus Arch Caesarien 1668 1673 Ravizza Franciscus Arch Laodicen 1673 1675 Cerri Urbanus 1675 1679 Cibo Eduardus Patr Constantinop 1680 1695 Fabroni Carolus 1695 1706 BIiancheri Antonius 1706 1707 De Cavalieri Silvius Arch Athenarum 1707 1717 Carafa Aloisius Arch Larissen 1717 1724 Ruspoli Bartholamaeus 1724 1730 Forteguerra Nicolaus 1730 1735 Monti Philippus 1735 1743 Lercari Nicolaus 1743 1757 Antonelli Nicolaus 1757 1759 Marefoschi Marius 1759 1770 Borgia Stephanus 1770 1789 Sandodari Antonius Arch Adanen 1789 1795 Brancadoro Caesar Arch Niaiben 1796 1801 Coppola Dominicus Arch Myren 1801 1808 Quarantotti Joannes B 1808 1816 Pedicini Carolus Maria 1816 1822 Caprano Patrus Arch Iconien 1823 1828 Castracane degli Antelminelli Castruccius 1829 1833 Mai Angelus 1833 1838 Cadolini Ignatius Arch Spoletanus 1838 1843 Brutnelli Joannes 1843 1847 Barnabo Alexander 1848 1856 Bedini Cajetanus Arch Thebarum 1856 1861 Capalti Hannibal 1861 1868 Simeoni Joannes 1868 1875 Agnozzi Joannes B 1877 1879 Masotti Ignatius 1879 1882 Jacobini Dominicus Arch Tyrem 1882 1891 Persico Ignatius Arch Tamiathen 1891 1893 Ciasca Augustinus Arch Larissen 1893 1899 Veccia Aloisius 1899 1911 Laurenti Camillus 1911 Celso Costantini 1935 1953 Pietro Sigismondi 27 September 1954 25 May 1967 Bernardin Gantin 26 February 1973 19 December 1975 Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy 19 December 1975 30 October 1985 Jose Tomas Sanchez 30 October 1985 21 June 1991 Giuseppe Uhac 21 June 1991 18 January 1998 Marcello Zago O M I 28 March 1998 1 March 2001 Robert Sarah 1 October 2001 7 October 2010 Savio Hon Tai Fai 29 December 2010 28 September 2017 Protase Rugambwa 9 November 2017 Adjunct Secretaries Edit The adjunct secretary when one is appointed is concurrently President of the Pontifical Mission Societies Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don 1 October 2001 2005 12 10 Henryk Hoser S A C 22 January 2005 24 May 2008 Piergiuseppe Vacchelli 24 May 2008 26 June 2012 Giampietro Del Toso 9 November 2017 Undersecretary Edit Charles Asa Schleck 1995 2000 Delegate of the Administration Edit Msgr Angelo Mottola Italy later Archbishop 1986 1999 07 16 See also Edit Catholicism portal Vatican City portal Protectorate of missionsReferences Edit Profile The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Vatican Retrieved 24 May 2017 Dulles Avery Cardinal 2009 Evangelization for the Third Millennium Mahwah NJ Paulist Press p 14 ISBN 978 0 8091 4622 2 Tanzanian appointed secretary of Congregation for Evangelization of Peoples PMO www pmoinindia org Archived from the original on 2018 03 20 Retrieved 2018 03 19 Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Vatican office for evangelization of peoples gets a new undersecretary Catholic News Agency 2017 09 28 Retrieved 2017 10 08 press catholica va news services bulletin news 30075 php index 30075 Translator www microsofttranslator com Retrieved 2017 04 24 First woman appointed to a Vatican congregation joyful EWTN News www ewtnnews com Retrieved 2017 04 24 Huizing Canon Law FILONI FERNANDO CARDINAL 2016 The Reception of the Code in the Missionary Territories and the Special Faculties Granted to the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Jurist Studies in Church Order amp Ministry 76 1 5 18 Pontifical Urbaniana University Ateneo www urbaniana org Retrieved 2019 05 09 Holy See Vatican Website romeartlover Collegio di Propaganda Fide www romeartlover it Blunt A Guide to Baroque Rome Granada 1982 246 Blunt 1982 166 Magnuson T Rome in the Age of Bernini Vol 2 206 7 Blunt 1979 246 Rinunce e Nomine 08 12 2019 Press release in Italian Holy See Press Office Retrieved 8 December 2019 External links EditWikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Propaganda Official Propaganda Fide website GCatholic org Notre Dame University site gives history of the Propaganda Fide with details of its organization the Collegio di Propaganda Fide photos and history Satellite Photo The Collegio is the large rhomboidal block buildings that lie just south of the Spanish steps narrow tip and Bernini facade facing northeast to Piazza di Spagna Umberto Benigni 1913 Sacred Congregation of Propaganda In Herbermann Charles ed Catholic Encyclopedia New York Robert Appleton Company Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples amp oldid 1047037856, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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