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Sadasiva Brahmendra

Sadasiva Brahmendra was a saint, composer of Carnatic music and Advaita philosopher who lived near Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, during the 18th century. Only a few of his compositions have survived, but they are recognised as great compositions of Carnatic music.

Sadasiva Brahmendra
Born17th-early 18th century
Madurai, later moved to Thiruvisanallur, Kumbakonam
DiedApr-May 1756 (Vaishaka Sukla Dasami)
Nerur (Tamil Nadu), near Karur, Tamil Nadu
Major shrineAdishtanam at Nerur (Tamil Nadu), Manamadurai

Contents

Sadasiva was born into a Telugu Brahmin couple Moksha Somasundara Avadhaani and Parvati. His initial name was Sivaramakrishna. He was married at the age of 17. Sadasiva lived in Kumbakonam, in Tamil Nadu in the 17th to 18th century. He went to learn vedas and other various subjects in Sanskrit in Thiruvisanallur. His contemporaries such as Sridhara Ayyavaal and Sri Bhagvan Nama Bodendral of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam lived in the nearby areas at that time.[citation needed]

Shiva ramakrishna left his home in search of Truth. He became the sishya of Sri Paramasivendra Saraswathi Swamigal. He started aathma vichara and received mahavaakya upadesas from his guru. After taking sanyasa, he is said to have wandered around, naked or semi-naked, and often in a trance-like state. He was reclusive and often meditated, and was described as being in a "supremely intoxicated state". He is said to have performed many miracles whilst alive, some of the most prominent are provided below. His jiva samadhi site is briefly mentioned in 'Autobiography of a Yogi', Chapter 41 by Paramahamsa Yogananda.

On the river banks of Cauvery in Mahadhanapuram, he was asked by some children to be taken to Madurai, more than 100 miles away, for an annual festival. The saint asked them to close their eyes, and a few seconds later they reopened their eyes and found they were in Madurai. He also wrote the Atma Vidya Vilasa, an advaitic work.

There is an epilogue to this story. The next day, another youth, incredulous at hearing this story, asked Sadasiva to take him also to this festival. It is said that the youth immediately found himself in the distant city. When it was time to return, Sadasiva was nowhere to be found. The youth had to make his way back on foot.

Whilst relaxing near a heap of grains, he began meditating. The farmer who owned the land mistook Sadasiva for a thief, and confronted him. The farmer raised his stick to hit the saint, but became a statue. He remained in this state until the morning, when Sadasiva finished meditating and smiled at the farmer. The farmer was restored to his normal state, and asked the saint for forgiveness.

At another time, while meditating on the banks of the Cauvery river, he was carried away by a sudden flood. Weeks later, when some villagers were digging near a mound of earth, their shovels struck his body. He woke up and walked away.

He is said to have met the Raja Thondaiman of Pudukottai and initiated him into the Dakshinamurthy Mantra. He is said to have written the mantra on sand. This sand was picked up by the king and it is in the worship of the royal family till now in the Dakshinamoorthy temple inside the Pudukottai palace in Pudukottai.

He was responsible for installing the deity Punnainallur Mariamman near Thanjavur and guided the installation at Devadanapatti Kamakshi temple. He was also involved in the thanthonimalai Kalyana Venkatesa Perumal temple at Karur. He also installed the Hanuman Murthi in the Prasanna Venkateswara temple at Nalu Kal Mandapam in Thanjavur. He instructed king of Tanjore to start the Saraswathi Mahal Library which runs till date.

He also installed Lord Ganesh and a powerful Ganesh Yantra at the Thirunageshwaram Rahu Stalam temple at Kumbakonam. An inscription in the temple bears testimony to this fact. The shrine can still be seen at the entrance to the temple.

There is a shrine for him in the Nandrudayan Vinayaka Temple, Trichy.

He has five samadhis :

Every year in Nerur and Manamadurai, music festivals are conducted in his honor. In Manamadurai his samadhi is located at the Somanathar temple

Sri Sri Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Nrusimha Bharati, pontiff of the Sringeri Saradha Peetham had visited Nerur and composed two slokas in praise of Sri Sadasiva Bramhendra - Sadasivendra Stava and Sadasivendra Pancharatna

Sri Vasudevanand Saraswati ,known as Tembe swami, a great saint of Maharashtra visited Nerur in the year 1907 and composed a hymn on Sadasiva Brahmendral. This incident is mentioned in his biography.

He is the author of several works. The following works have been printed/published.

  1. Brahmasūtra-vṛtti or brahma-tattva-prakāśikā - A commentary on Brahma Sutras
  2. Yoga-sudhākara which is a commentary on the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali.
  3. Siddhānta-kalpa-valli
  4. Advaita-rasa-mañjari

$ Kaivalya Amrita Bindu based on teachings of upanishads

  1. ātmānusandhānam
  2. ātma vidyā vilāsa
  3. Shiva mānasa pūjā
  4. Dakshinamurtty Dhyanam
  5. Swapnoditam
  6. Navamanimala
  7. Navavarnaratnamala
  8. Swanubhuti prakashika
  9. Mano niyamana
  10. Paramahamsa charya
  11. Shiva yoga Dipika
  12. Suta Samhita Sangraha
  13. Manisha Panchaka Vyakhyana (Tatparya Dipika)

The following works are ascribed to Sri Brahmendral but no printed version is available.

  1. Bhagavata sara
  2. Saparya paryaya stavah
  3. Atmanatma viveka prakashika
  4. Bodharya Prakarana
  5. Gita ratnamala - A Commentary on Bhagavat Gita


He also wrote several Carnatic compositions to spread the advaita philosophy among common people. These songs are renowned for depth in content as well as brevity of expression. His compositions are quite popular and can be heard frequently in Carnatic music concerts though they are not always rendered in the same raga since the same song has sometimes been set to music by various artists. Some of these are

  1. Ananda Purna Bodhoham Sachchidananda - Shankarabharanam
  2. Ananda Purna Bodhoham Satatam - Madhyamavati
  3. Bhajare Gopalam - Hindolam
  4. Bhajare Raghuviram - Kalyani
  5. Bhajare Yadunatham - Peelu
  6. Brahmaivaham - Nadanamakriya
  7. Bruhi Mukundethi - Gowla, Navaroju, Kurinji, Senchurutti
  8. Chetah Sreeramam - Dwijavanthi / Surati
  9. Chinta Nasti Kila - Navroj
  10. Gayathi Vanamali - Gavathi, Yamuna Kalyani
  11. Khelathi Brahmande - Sindhubhairavi
  12. Khelathi Mama Hrudaye - Atana
  13. Kridathi Vanamali - Sindhubhairavi
  14. Krishna Paahi - Madhyamavati
  15. Manasa Sanchara Re -Sama
  16. Nahi Re Nahi Re - Gavathi
  17. Pibare Rama Rasam - Ahir Bhairav or Yamunakalyani
  18. Poorna Bodhoham - Kalyani
  19. Prativaram Varam - Todi
  20. Sarvam Bramha Mayam - Mishra Sivaranjani
  21. Smaravaram - Jog or Sindhubhairavi
  22. Sthiratha Nahi Nahire - Amruthavarshini
  23. Tatvat Jeevitham - Keeravani
  24. Tunga Tarange Gange - Hamsadhwani

Character of Sadasiva Bramhendra is portrayed in the Tamil movie Mahashakti Mariamman

Sivan Sar has written a detailed life history of Sri Brahmendral in his book "Yenipadigalil Manthargal",

Tamil writer Balakumaran has written a novel Thozhan based on the life of Sri Sadasiva Brahmendra.

Sadasiva Brahman, the Silent Sage, Cuttān̲anta Pāratiyār, 1967

  1. "Sadasiva Brahmendra (18th Century)". Retrieved2 December 2010.
  2. "Commentaries of Sadasiva Brahmendra on Brahmasutra & Yogasutra". 29 July 2010. Retrieved2 December 2010.
  3. "Arulmigu Sri Sadasiva Brahmendra". nerureswarartemple.tnhrce.in.
  4. "Sri Sadashiva Brahmendra – the Avadhuta". 27 May 2010. Retrieved2 December 2010.
  5. https://www.crystalclarity.com/autobiography-of-a-yogi-yogananda/chapter-41/
  6. "Sri Sadasiva Brahmendral Biography". Archived from the original on 25 July 2015.
  7. https://www.shastras.com/vedanta-books-other/atma-vidya-vilasa/
  8. "Autobiography of a Yogi by Parahamsa Yogananda". Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved20 June 2011.
  9. "pudukottai - ananthablahblah". ananthablahblah.wordpress.com.
  10. "Pudukkottai goes Mysore way". newindianexpress.com.
  11. kaushik, gk. "Sri Anajaneya Swami Temple, Nalu Kal Mandapam, Thanjavur, T Nadu - VAYUSUTHA: son of Wind God Vayu - Hanuman - Anjaneya - Maruti -". vayusutha.in.
  12. http://columbuscarnatic.org/2011/10/sadasiva-brahmendra/
  13. http://www.sringeri.net/2012/07/17/stotra/guru/sri-sadashivendra-stava.htm
  14. "Sri Sadashivendra Stava". sringeri.net. 16 July 2012.
  15. Acharyanet (10 February 2015). "Carnatic Music Lesson: Chitravina Ravikiran teaches Chetashree ramam- Surutti" – via YouTube.
  16. Acharyanet (10 February 2015). "Carnatic Music Lesson: Chitravina Ravikiran teaches Pibare ramarasam- Yamunakalyani" – via YouTube.
  17. Acharyanet (11 February 2015). "Carnatic Music Lesson: Chitravina Ravikiran teaches Smaravaram varam - Sindubhairavi" – via YouTube.
  18. Satya (24 February 2010). "Satya's Blog: Sadasiva Brahmendra Compositions". satyasense.blogspot.com.
  19. Sadasiva Brahman, the Silent Sage. Shuddhananda Library. 1967.

Brahmatatvaprakasika nama Brahmasutravrttih - http://www.dkagencies.com/doc/from/1023/to/1123/bkId/DK8263321716226271789703045171/details.html

Sadasiva Brahmendra
Sadasiva Brahmendra Language Watch Edit Sadasiva Brahmendra was a saint composer of Carnatic music and Advaita philosopher who lived near Kumbakonam Tamil Nadu during the 18th century Only a few of his compositions have survived but they are recognised as great compositions of Carnatic music 2 Sadasiva BrahmendraBorn17th early 18th century Madurai later moved to Thiruvisanallur Kumbakonam 1 DiedApr May 1756 Vaishaka Sukla Dasami Nerur Tamil Nadu near Karur Tamil NaduMajor shrineAdishtanam at Nerur Tamil Nadu Manamadurai Contents 1 Life 2 Temple service 3 Books 4 Songs 5 In the movies 6 In popular culture 7 Printed Sources 8 See also 9 References 10 External links 11 Further readingLife EditSadasiva was born into a Telugu Brahmin couple Moksha Somasundara Avadhaani and Parvati 3 His initial name was Sivaramakrishna He was married at the age of 17 Sadasiva lived in Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu in the 17th to 18th century He went to learn vedas and other various subjects in Sanskrit in Thiruvisanallur His contemporaries such as Sridhara Ayyavaal and Sri Bhagvan Nama Bodendral of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam lived in the nearby areas at that time citation needed Shiva ramakrishna left his home in search of Truth He became the sishya of Sri Paramasivendra Saraswathi Swamigal He started aathma vichara and received mahavaakya upadesas from his guru After taking sanyasa he is said to have wandered around naked or semi naked and often in a trance like state He was reclusive and often meditated and was described as being in a supremely intoxicated state 4 He is said to have performed many miracles whilst alive some of the most prominent are provided below His jiva samadhi site is briefly mentioned in Autobiography of a Yogi Chapter 41 by Paramahamsa Yogananda 5 On the river banks of Cauvery in Mahadhanapuram he was asked by some children to be taken to Madurai more than 100 miles away for an annual festival The saint asked them to close their eyes and a few seconds later they reopened their eyes and found they were in Madurai 6 He also wrote the Atma Vidya Vilasa an advaitic work 7 There is an epilogue to this story The next day another youth incredulous at hearing this story asked Sadasiva to take him also to this festival It is said that the youth immediately found himself in the distant city When it was time to return Sadasiva was nowhere to be found The youth had to make his way back on foot 8 Whilst relaxing near a heap of grains he began meditating The farmer who owned the land mistook Sadasiva for a thief and confronted him The farmer raised his stick to hit the saint but became a statue He remained in this state until the morning when Sadasiva finished meditating and smiled at the farmer The farmer was restored to his normal state and asked the saint for forgiveness 6 At another time while meditating on the banks of the Cauvery river he was carried away by a sudden flood Weeks later when some villagers were digging near a mound of earth their shovels struck his body He woke up and walked away 8 Temple service EditHe is said to have met the Raja Thondaiman of Pudukottai and initiated him into the Dakshinamurthy Mantra He is said to have written the mantra on sand This sand was picked up by the king and it is in the worship of the royal family till now in the Dakshinamoorthy temple inside the Pudukottai palace in Pudukottai 9 10 He was responsible for installing the deity Punnainallur Mariamman near Thanjavur and guided the installation at Devadanapatti Kamakshi temple He was also involved in the thanthonimalai Kalyana Venkatesa Perumal temple at Karur 6 He also installed the Hanuman Murthi in the Prasanna Venkateswara temple at Nalu Kal Mandapam in Thanjavur 11 He instructed king of Tanjore to start the Saraswathi Mahal Library which runs till date He also installed Lord Ganesh and a powerful Ganesh Yantra at the Thirunageshwaram Rahu Stalam temple at Kumbakonam An inscription in the temple bears testimony to this fact The shrine can still be seen at the entrance to the temple There is a shrine for him in the Nandrudayan Vinayaka Temple Trichy He has five samadhis Nerur Tamil Nadu Manamadurai Omkareshwar Kashi Karachi Every year in Nerur and Manamadurai music festivals are conducted in his honor In Manamadurai his samadhi is located at the Somanathar temple 12 Sri Sri Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Nrusimha Bharati pontiff of the Sringeri Saradha Peetham had visited Nerur and composed two slokas in praise of Sri Sadasiva Bramhendra Sadasivendra Stava and Sadasivendra Pancharatna 13 14 Sri Vasudevanand Saraswati known as Tembe swami a great saint of Maharashtra visited Nerur in the year 1907 and composed a hymn on Sadasiva Brahmendral This incident is mentioned in his biography Books EditHe is the author of several works The following works have been printed published Brahmasutra vṛtti or brahma tattva prakasika A commentary on Brahma Sutras Yoga sudhakara which is a commentary on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali Siddhanta kalpa valli Advaita rasa manjari Kaivalya Amrita Bindu based on teachings of upanishads atmanusandhanam atma vidya vilasa Shiva manasa puja Dakshinamurtty Dhyanam Swapnoditam Navamanimala Navavarnaratnamala Swanubhuti prakashika Mano niyamana Paramahamsa charya Shiva yoga Dipika Suta Samhita Sangraha Manisha Panchaka Vyakhyana Tatparya Dipika The following works are ascribed to Sri Brahmendral but no printed version is available Bhagavata sara Saparya paryaya stavah Atmanatma viveka prakashika Bodharya Prakarana Gita ratnamala A Commentary on Bhagavat GitaSongs EditHe also wrote several Carnatic compositions to spread the advaita philosophy among common people These songs are renowned for depth in content as well as brevity of expression His compositions are quite popular and can be heard frequently in Carnatic music concerts though they are not always rendered in the same raga since the same song has sometimes been set to music by various artists Some of these are Ananda Purna Bodhoham Sachchidananda Shankarabharanam Ananda Purna Bodhoham Satatam Madhyamavati Bhajare Gopalam Hindolam Bhajare Raghuviram Kalyani Bhajare Yadunatham Peelu Brahmaivaham Nadanamakriya Bruhi Mukundethi Gowla Navaroju Kurinji Senchurutti Chetah Sreeramam Dwijavanthi Surati 15 Chinta Nasti Kila Navroj Gayathi Vanamali Gavathi Yamuna Kalyani Khelathi Brahmande Sindhubhairavi Khelathi Mama Hrudaye Atana Kridathi Vanamali Sindhubhairavi Krishna Paahi Madhyamavati Manasa Sanchara Re Sama Nahi Re Nahi Re Gavathi Pibare Rama Rasam Ahir Bhairav or Yamunakalyani 16 Poorna Bodhoham Kalyani Prativaram Varam Todi Sarvam Bramha Mayam Mishra Sivaranjani Smaravaram Jog or Sindhubhairavi 17 Sthiratha Nahi Nahire Amruthavarshini Tatvat Jeevitham Keeravani Tunga Tarange Gange Hamsadhwani 1 18 In the movies EditCharacter of Sadasiva Bramhendra is portrayed in the Tamil movie Mahashakti MariammanIn popular culture EditSivan Sar has written a detailed life history of Sri Brahmendral in his book Yenipadigalil Manthargal Tamil writer Balakumaran has written a novel Thozhan based on the life of Sri Sadasiva Brahmendra Printed Sources EditSadasiva Brahman the Silent Sage Cuttan anta Paratiyar 1967 19 See also EditSadasiva Brahmendra Swami TempleReferences Edit a b Sadasiva Brahmendra 18th Century Retrieved 2 December 2010 Commentaries of Sadasiva Brahmendra on Brahmasutra amp Yogasutra 29 July 2010 Retrieved 2 December 2010 Arulmigu Sri Sadasiva Brahmendra nerureswarartemple tnhrce in Sri Sadashiva Brahmendra the Avadhuta 27 May 2010 Retrieved 2 December 2010 https www crystalclarity com autobiography of a yogi yogananda chapter 41 a b c Sri Sadasiva Brahmendral Biography Archived from the original on 25 July 2015 https www shastras com vedanta books other atma vidya vilasa a b Autobiography of a Yogi by Parahamsa Yogananda Archived from the original on 23 June 2012 Retrieved 20 June 2011 pudukottai ananthablahblah ananthablahblah wordpress com Pudukkottai goes Mysore way newindianexpress com kaushik gk Sri Anajaneya Swami Temple Nalu Kal Mandapam Thanjavur T Nadu VAYUSUTHA son of Wind God Vayu Hanuman Anjaneya Maruti vayusutha in http columbuscarnatic org 2011 10 sadasiva brahmendra http www sringeri net 2012 07 17 stotra guru sri sadashivendra stava htm Sri Sadashivendra Stava sringeri net 16 July 2012 Acharyanet 10 February 2015 Carnatic Music Lesson Chitravina Ravikiran teaches Chetashree ramam Surutti via YouTube Acharyanet 10 February 2015 Carnatic Music Lesson Chitravina Ravikiran teaches Pibare ramarasam Yamunakalyani via YouTube Acharyanet 11 February 2015 Carnatic Music Lesson Chitravina Ravikiran teaches Smaravaram varam Sindubhairavi via YouTube Satya 24 February 2010 Satya s Blog Sadasiva Brahmendra Compositions satyasense blogspot com Sadasiva Brahman the Silent Sage Shuddhananda Library 1967 External links EditSri Kailasha Ashramam in English SADASIVA BRAHMENDRA SARASVATI by N RAGHUNATHAN M A B L in English Santa Shreshta Sadasiva Bramhendra and his miracles in English Further reading EditBrahmatatvaprakasika nama Brahmasutravrttih http www dkagencies com doc from 1023 to 1123 bkId DK8263321716226271789703045171 details html Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sadasiva Brahmendra amp oldid 1051066230, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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