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Sadiq al-Shirazi

Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Sadiq al-Husayni al-Shirazi (Arabic:صادق الحسيني الشيرازي‎; Persian:سید صادق حسینی شیرازی‎; born August 20, 1942) is an Iraqi-Iranian Shia marja'.

Grand Ayatollah Sayyid
Sadiq al-Shirazi
السيد صادق الحسيني الشيرازي
Personal
Born (1942-08-20)August 20, 1942 (age 79)
ReligionIslam
Children
ParentsMirza Mahdi al-Shirazi (father)
DenominationShi'a
SectTwelver
JurisprudenceJa'fari (Usuli)
MovementShirazi
RelativesMirza Shirazi (great-great grandfather)
Mohammad al-Shirazi (brother)
Hassan al-Shirazi (brother)
Mujtaba al-Shirazi (brother)
Mohammed Kadhim al-Modarresi (brother-in-law)
Mohammed Kadhim al-Qazwini (brother-in-law)
Muslim leader
Based inQom, Iran
WebsiteOfficial Website

He hails from an influential transnational clerical family, and is the younger brother of Muhammad al-Shirazi, and considered his successor.

Contents

al-Shirazi was born in Karbala to Mirza Mahdi al-Shirazi, a grand ayatollah, and Halima al-Shirazi. Both of his parents are from the distinguished clerical al-Shirazi family that emigrated from Shiraz to Karbala in the 19th century. All of his brothers are clerics, and Muhamamad al-Shirazi is a marja'. His mother is the great-granddaughter of Mirza Shirazi, the pioneer of the Tobacco Movement. His nephew, Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi is also a marja'.

Education

He began his religious education in Karbala, under his father and older brothers Muhammad and Hasan. After completing his primary education, he studied under Sayyid Muhammad-Hadi al-Milani, Sheikh Muhammad-Ridha al-Isfahani, Sheikh Muhammad al-Shahroudi, Sheikh Muhammad al-Karbassi, Sheikh Jafar al-Rashti and Sheikh Muhammad-Husayn al-Mazindarani.

In 1971, he was exiled from Iraq by the Baathist regime. He settled in Kuwait for a while with his older brother, Muhammad. Him and his family then migrated to Iran, after the Islamic revolution. He resumed classes under his brother, until he gained ijtihad, and began his own classes. He has been residing in Qom ever since he moved in 1980.

After his brother, Muhammad passed away in 2001, he succeeded him as marja'.

al-Shirazi believes not against the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist in principle, but opposes how the supreme leaders have carried out the concept by concentrating all state control in a single jurist who is virtually impossible to remove from power.

Clashes with Iranian regime

al-Shirazi's marja'iyya was relatively quieter than his late brothers. However, after the emergence[citation needed] of controversial Kuwaiti cleric, Yasser al-Habib, and his claimed affiliation with al-Shirazi–al-Shirazi's marja'iyya was placed under scrutiny. Iranian hardliner and Khamenei’s official representative to UK, Mohsen Araki, has accused al-Shirazi of “receiving funds from Britain and Saudi Arabia”, and is “aggravated” by al-Shirazi's efforts for the al-Askari shrine on the last Friday of Ramadan, instead of supporting or rallying for Khomeini’s Quds day.

al-Shirazi has never denied anyone's self-proclaimed affiliations to him, but has announced that no person or body represents him, other than Marjayeat TV, which represents his official opinion. Most accusations made against al-Shirazi are a result of his independence and criticism of Iran's ruling establishment.

al-Shirazi's followers form the Shia majority in Saudi Arabia, under the leadership of Sheikh Hassan al-Saffar, an activist and proponent of sectarian reconciliation.

Length of fasts

In the Summer, fasts in some countries become extremely long, because the day light hours are extended. Hence, there has been an increased discussion on whether there is a maximum length of a fast, including many schools banning fasting for children. al-Shirazi holds a distinguished ruling to this, where his rationale is to change the length of the fast to a maximum of what is "normal" and there is no need to repeat the fast.

His view is a minority ruling, only shared by Sheikh Nasser Makarim Shirazi (in a slightly different version) and a few other jurists. al-Shirazi believes a maximum of 17.5 hour fast from Fajr (and minimum of 6 hours fast which might apply in some northern areas in winter). This is based on an interpretation of what the urf (common) is, and understanding the terms layl (night) and nahar (day) when fasting is referred to in the Quran and Hadith, i.e. what a normal person would understand when hearing these words. Therefore, fasting in extreme temperatures for extreme lengths of time is not what is understood by the urf when the verses are read. Proponents of this view, say that the urf would expect that fasting is what is mu'tadil (normal) i.e. say 17.5 hours. He explicitly says that this is due to the understanding of the words above, not due to la haraj (principle that states no Islamic law can be the cause of extreme hardship) i.e. even if it does not cause difficulty, you are still required to fast a maximum of 17.5 hours

The consequence of the viewpoint of al-Shirazi (as well as Makarim Shirazi) is that if the fast is longer than 17.5 hours, you should revert to times with mu'tadil lengths of day e.g. Mecca or Karbala which could be 14–16 hours.

al-Shirazi has published numerous books on jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence. Some of them include:

  • Commentaries on 'Urwatul-Wuthqa. 20 volumes.
  • Commentaries on al-Lum'a al- Dimashqiya. 10 volumes.
  • Islamic Politics
  • Ali in the Qur'an. 2 volumes.
  • Fatima al-Zahra' in the Qur'an
  • The Truth about the Shi'a
  • The Shi'a in the Qur'an
  • Qiyas in the Islamic Shari'ah
  • Congregational Prayer and its Status in Islam
  • Shirazi, Ayatollah Sayed Sadiq (8 September 2017), The Mahdi in the Quran, ISBN 9781976235795
  • The Aroma of Mercy, 31 August 2014, ISBN 9781501023064
  • Shirazi, Ayatollah Sayyid Sadiq (24 August 2016), Inspirational Quotes, ISBN 9781537277899
  • The Guide to Hajj Rites - The Rulings and Procedures of Hajj, ISBN 9781312511675
  • Shirazi, Ayatollah Sadiq (9 May 2013), A Summary of Logic, ISBN 9781484082355
  • Shirazi, Ayatollah Sayyid Sadiq (8 January 2015), The Prophet Muhammad the Best Leader for Mankind, ISBN 9781506169392
  • Shirazi, Sayyed Sadiq; Shirazi, Ayatullah Sayyed (6 January 2014), Der Sich-Erhebende Im Quran [The Awaited One in the Quran], ISBN 9781494897468

al-Shirazi is married and has four sons (Ali, Hussein, Ahmed and Jafar). His sons are all clerics. His son Hussein plays a key role in running al-Shirazi's office. He spreads his father's teachings, on a number of media outlet platforms including four satellite channels.

On March 6, 2018, his son, Hussein was arrested reportedly by the IRGC as he appeared at the Special Clerical Court. He was prosecuted after a lecture comparing Iran's government—the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist (velayat-e faqih)—to a regime of "pharaohs". His arrest fuelled debates on whether Iran's supreme leader Ali Khamenei should be able to claim divine sanction for unlimited state powers. Protests against his arrest were held at the Iranian consulate in Karbala, Basra and Najaf, Kuwait City and Iran's embassies in Baghdad and London. He was released on bail on March 18.

  1. Matthiesen, T., 2020. 3 Pearl Roundabout. In Sectarian Gulf (pp. 33-49). Stanford University Press.
  2. "Biography Summary » Office of the Grand Shia Jurist Ayatollah Sayid Sadiq Al-Shirazi". Office of the Grand Shia Jurist Ayatollah Sayid Sadiq Al-Shirazi. Retrieved2020-04-24.
  3. al-Jibouri, Kamil Salman. Mu'jam al-'Udaba' Min 'Asr al-Jahili Hata Sanat 2002 [Glossary of Scholars: From the Jahiliyyah to 2002 AD] (in Arabic). 3. Beirut, Lebanon: Daar al-Kitab al-'Ilmiya. p. 169.
  4. Monsutti, Alessandro (2007). The Other Shiites: From the Mediterranean to Central Asia. Peter Lang. p. 261. ISBN 978-3-03911-289-0.
  5. Halverson, Jeffry R. (2012). Searching for a King: Muslim Nonviolence and the Future of Islam. Potomac Books, Inc. ISBN 978-1-61234-470-6.
  6. Ṭuʻmah, Salmān Hādī (1998). Asha'er Karbala Wa 'Usariha [Tribes and Families of Karbala] (in Arabic). Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Mahaja al-Baydha'. pp. 79–80.
  7. al-Karbassi, Muhammad-Sadiq (2014-11-01). Mu'jam al-Maqalat al-Husayniyya [Glossary of Husayni Articles] (in Arabic). 4. London, UK: Hussaini Charitable Trust. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-78403-007-0.
  8. Abdo, Geneive (27 March 2018). "Iran's Facing a Mutiny from Within the Mosque". Bloomberg LP. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  9. "Ayatollah Araki: Shirazis get support from Britain and Saudi". WILAYAH NEWS. 2015-09-16. Retrieved2020-04-24.
  10. The Iran Primer (12 March 2018). "Iranian Embassy in London Stormed". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  11. Halverson, Jeffry R. (2012). Searching for a King: Muslim Nonviolence and the Future of Islam. Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-61234-470-6.
  12. "Piygah Itilaa Rasani Daftar Marja Aaliqadr Hazrat Ayat Allah al-Uzma Makarim Shirazi". Office of Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi (in Persian). Retrieved2020-04-26.
  13. "al-Layla al-Ula". Office of Ayatollah Shirazi (in Arabic). Retrieved2020-04-26.
  14. "Bayn Yaday al-Marja Fi al Layla Al Ula". www.alshirazi.com (in Arabic). Retrieved2020-04-26.
  15. Halverson 2012, p. 100
  16. Alfoneh, Ali (16 March 2018). "Transnational Shiite clergy’s challenge to the Islamic Republic". Middle East Institute. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  17. Abdo, Geneive. "Iran's Facing a Mutiny From Within the Mosque". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved2020-04-24.
  18. "Anti-Shiism in Iran: An Internationally Renowned Scholar Arrested". Shia Rights Watch. 6 March 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSadiq Hussaini Shirazi.

Sadiq al-Shirazi
Sadiq al Shirazi Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi Grand Ayatollah SayyidSadiq al Husayni al Shirazi Arabic صادق الحسيني الشيرازي Persian سید صادق حسینی شیرازی born August 20 1942 is an Iraqi Iranian Shia marja 2 3 Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Sadiq al Shiraziالسيد صادق الحسيني الشيرازيPersonalBorn 1942 08 20 August 20 1942 age 79 Karbala Kingdom of IraqReligionIslamChildrenAliHusseinAhmedJafarParentsMirza Mahdi al Shirazi father DenominationShi aSectTwelverJurisprudenceJa fari Usuli MovementShirazi 1 RelativesMirza Shirazi great great grandfather Mohammad al Shirazi brother Hassan al Shirazi brother Mujtaba al Shirazi brother Mohammed Kadhim al Modarresi brother in law Mohammed Kadhim al Qazwini brother in law Muslim leaderBased inQom IranWebsiteOfficial Website He hails from an influential transnational clerical family and is the younger brother of Muhammad al Shirazi and considered his successor 4 5 Contents 1 Early life and education 1 1 Education 2 Marja iyya 2 1 Clashes with Iranian regime 2 2 Length of fasts 3 Works 4 Personal life 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksEarly life and education Edital Shirazi was born in Karbala to Mirza Mahdi al Shirazi a grand ayatollah and Halima al Shirazi Both of his parents are from the distinguished clerical al Shirazi family that emigrated from Shiraz to Karbala in the 19th century All of his brothers are clerics and Muhamamad al Shirazi is a marja His mother is the great granddaughter of Mirza Shirazi the pioneer of the Tobacco Movement His nephew Mohammad Taqi al Modarresi is also a marja 6 Education Edit He began his religious education in Karbala under his father and older brothers Muhammad and Hasan After completing his primary education he studied under Sayyid Muhammad Hadi al Milani Sheikh Muhammad Ridha al Isfahani Sheikh Muhammad al Shahroudi Sheikh Muhammad al Karbassi Sheikh Jafar al Rashti and Sheikh Muhammad Husayn al Mazindarani 2 In 1971 he was exiled from Iraq by the Baathist regime He settled in Kuwait for a while with his older brother Muhammad Him and his family then migrated to Iran after the Islamic revolution He resumed classes under his brother until he gained ijtihad and began his own classes 3 He has been residing in Qom ever since he moved in 1980 7 Marja iyya EditAfter his brother Muhammad passed away in 2001 he succeeded him as marja al Shirazi believes not against the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist in principle but opposes how the supreme leaders have carried out the concept by concentrating all state control in a single jurist who is virtually impossible to remove from power 8 Clashes with Iranian regime Edit al Shirazi s marja iyya was relatively quieter than his late brothers However after the emergence citation needed of controversial Kuwaiti cleric Yasser al Habib and his claimed affiliation with al Shirazi al Shirazi s marja iyya was placed under scrutiny Iranian hardliner and Khamenei s official representative to UK Mohsen Araki has accused al Shirazi of receiving funds from Britain and Saudi Arabia and is aggravated by al Shirazi s efforts for the al Askari shrine on the last Friday of Ramadan instead of supporting or rallying for Khomeini s Quds day 9 al Shirazi has never denied anyone s self proclaimed affiliations to him but has announced that no person or body represents him other than Marjayeat TV which represents his official opinion Most accusations made against al Shirazi are a result of his independence and criticism of Iran s ruling establishment 10 al Shirazi s followers form the Shia majority in Saudi Arabia under the leadership of Sheikh Hassan al Saffar an activist and proponent of sectarian reconciliation 11 Length of fasts Edit In the Summer fasts in some countries become extremely long because the day light hours are extended Hence there has been an increased discussion on whether there is a maximum length of a fast including many schools banning fasting for children al Shirazi holds a distinguished ruling to this where his rationale is to change the length of the fast to a maximum of what is normal and there is no need to repeat the fast His view is a minority ruling only shared by Sheikh Nasser Makarim Shirazi in a slightly different version 12 and a few other jurists al Shirazi believes a maximum of 17 5 hour fast from Fajr and minimum of 6 hours fast which might apply in some northern areas in winter This is based on an interpretation of what the urf common is and understanding the terms layl night and nahar day when fasting is referred to in the Quran and Hadith i e what a normal person would understand when hearing these words Therefore fasting in extreme temperatures for extreme lengths of time is not what is understood by the urf when the verses are read Proponents of this view say that the urf would expect that fasting is what is mu tadil normal i e say 17 5 hours He explicitly says that this is due to the understanding of the words above not due to la haraj principle that states no Islamic law can be the cause of extreme hardship i e even if it does not cause difficulty you are still required to fast a maximum of 17 5 hours 13 The consequence of the viewpoint of al Shirazi as well as Makarim Shirazi is that if the fast is longer than 17 5 hours you should revert to times with mu tadil lengths of day e g Mecca or Karbala which could be 14 16 hours 14 Works Edital Shirazi has published numerous books on jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence Some of them include Commentaries on Urwatul Wuthqa 20 volumes Commentaries on al Lum a al Dimashqiya 10 volumes Islamic Politics Ali in the Qur an 2 volumes Fatima al Zahra in the Qur an The Truth about the Shi a The Shi a in the Qur an Qiyas in the Islamic Shari ah Congregational Prayer and its Status in Islam Shirazi Ayatollah Sayed Sadiq 8 September 2017 The Mahdi in the Quran ISBN 9781976235795 The Aroma of Mercy 31 August 2014 ISBN 9781501023064 Shirazi Ayatollah Sayyid Sadiq 24 August 2016 Inspirational Quotes ISBN 9781537277899 The Guide to Hajj Rites The Rulings and Procedures of Hajj ISBN 9781312511675 Shirazi Ayatollah Sadiq 9 May 2013 A Summary of Logic ISBN 9781484082355 Shirazi Ayatollah Sayyid Sadiq 8 January 2015 The Prophet Muhammad the Best Leader for Mankind ISBN 9781506169392 Shirazi Sayyed Sadiq Shirazi Ayatullah Sayyed 6 January 2014 Der Sich Erhebende Im Quran The Awaited One in the Quran ISBN 9781494897468Personal life Edital Shirazi is married and has four sons Ali Hussein Ahmed and Jafar His sons are all clerics His son Hussein plays a key role in running al Shirazi s office He spreads his father s teachings on a number of media outlet platforms including four satellite channels 15 On March 6 2018 his son Hussein was arrested reportedly by the IRGC as he appeared at the Special Clerical Court 16 He was prosecuted after a lecture comparing Iran s government the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist velayat e faqih to a regime of pharaohs 10 His arrest fuelled debates on whether Iran s supreme leader Ali Khamenei should be able to claim divine sanction for unlimited state powers 8 Protests against his arrest were held at the Iranian consulate in Karbala Basra and Najaf Kuwait City and Iran s embassies in Baghdad and London 10 17 He was released on bail on March 18 18 See also Edit Shia Islam portal Iran portal Biography portal Muhammad al Shirazi Hossein Wahid Khorasani Muhammad Hadi al Milani Khoddam Al MahdiReferences Edit Matthiesen T 2020 3 Pearl Roundabout In Sectarian Gulf pp 33 49 Stanford University Press a b Biography Summary Office of the Grand Shia Jurist Ayatollah Sayid Sadiq Al Shirazi Office of the Grand Shia Jurist Ayatollah Sayid Sadiq Al Shirazi Retrieved 2020 04 24 a b al Jibouri Kamil Salman Mu jam al Udaba Min Asr al Jahili Hata Sanat 2002 Glossary of Scholars From the Jahiliyyah to 2002 AD in Arabic 3 Beirut Lebanon Daar al Kitab al Ilmiya p 169 Monsutti Alessandro 2007 The Other Shiites From the Mediterranean to Central Asia Peter Lang p 261 ISBN 978 3 03911 289 0 Halverson Jeffry R 2012 Searching for a King Muslim Nonviolence and the Future of Islam Potomac Books Inc ISBN 978 1 61234 470 6 Ṭuʻmah Salman Hadi 1998 Asha er Karbala Wa Usariha Tribes and Families of Karbala in Arabic Beirut Lebanon Dar al Mahaja al Baydha pp 79 80 al Karbassi Muhammad Sadiq 2014 11 01 Mu jam al Maqalat al Husayniyya Glossary of Husayni Articles in Arabic 4 London UK Hussaini Charitable Trust p 10 ISBN 978 1 78403 007 0 a b Abdo Geneive 27 March 2018 Iran s Facing a Mutiny from Within the Mosque Bloomberg LP Retrieved 29 July 2018 Ayatollah Araki Shirazis get support from Britain and Saudi WILAYAH NEWS 2015 09 16 Retrieved 2020 04 24 a b c The Iran Primer 12 March 2018 Iranian Embassy in London Stormed United States Institute of Peace Retrieved 1 August 2018 Halverson Jeffry R 2012 Searching for a King Muslim Nonviolence and the Future of Islam Washington D C Potomac Books p 92 ISBN 978 1 61234 470 6 Piygah Itilaa Rasani Daftar Marja Aaliqadr Hazrat Ayat Allah al Uzma Makarim Shirazi Office of Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi in Persian Retrieved 2020 04 26 al Layla al Ula Office of Ayatollah Shirazi in Arabic Retrieved 2020 04 26 Bayn Yaday al Marja Fi al Layla Al Ula www alshirazi com in Arabic Retrieved 2020 04 26 Halverson 2012 p 100 Alfoneh Ali 16 March 2018 Transnational Shiite clergy s challenge to the Islamic Republic Middle East Institute Retrieved 1 August 2018 Abdo Geneive Iran s Facing a Mutiny From Within the Mosque www bloomberg com Retrieved 2020 04 24 Anti Shiism in Iran An Internationally Renowned Scholar Arrested Shia Rights Watch 6 March 2018 Retrieved 1 August 2018 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi Official website 2nd Official website Marjaeyat TV Library of al Shirazi s books by al Feker E book Network in Arabic Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sadiq al Shirazi amp oldid 1049255464, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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