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Saeima

The Saeima (Latvian pronunciation: ) is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia. It is a unicameral parliament consisting of 100 members who are elected by proportional representation, with seats allocated to political parties which gain at least 5% of the popular vote. Elections are scheduled to be held once every four years, normally on the first Saturday of October. The most recent elections were held in October 2018.

Saeima
Type
Type
History
Founded7 November 1922; 99 years ago (1922-11-07)
Disbanded
Leadership
Ināra Mūrniece, National Alliance
since 4 November 2014
Structure
Seats100
Political groups
Government (47)

Supported by (10)

Opposition (43)

Committees
17
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Budget and Finance (Taxation)
  • Legal Affairs
  • Human Rights and Public Affairs
  • Education, Culture and Science
  • Defence, Internal Affairs and Corruption Prevention
  • Public Administration and Local Government
  • Economic, Agricultural, Environmental and Regional Policy
  • Social and Employment Matters
  • Mandate, Ethics and Submissions
  • Parliamentary Inquiry
  • Public Expenditure and Audit
  • National Security
  • Citizenship, Migration and Social Cohesion
  • European Affairs
  • Sustainable Development
  • Administrative-Territorial Reform
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Open list proportional representation with a 5% electoral threshold
Last election
6 October 2018
Next election
By 2022
Meeting place
House of the Livonian Noble Corporation, Riga
Website
www.saeima.lv

The President of Latvia can dismiss the Saeima and request early elections. The procedure for dismissing it involves substantial political risk to the president, including a risk of loss of office. On 28 May 2011 president Valdis Zatlers decided to initiate the dissolution of the Saeima, which was approved in a referendum, and the Saeima was dissolved on 23 July 2011.

The current Speaker of the Saeima is Ināra Mūrniece of the National Alliance party.

Deputies are elected to represent one of five constituencies: Kurzeme (12 deputies), Latgale (14), Riga (35), Vidzeme (25), and Zemgale (14). Seats are distributed in each constituency by open list proportional representation among the parties that overcome a 5% national election threshold using an unmodified version of the Webster/Sainte-Laguë method.

Contents

The Saeima traces its origins to the Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland, which led to the creation of the Sejm (Seimas) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later to the creation of the Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Livonia, a part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, was exposed to the Polish mode of administration and introduced to the Sejm-system. Most of today's Latvia, incorporated into 3 voivodeships: the Dorpat Voivodeship, the Parnawa Voivodeship and the Wenden Voivodeship, in total sent 6 senators to the Sejm of the Poland. However, the rest of Latvia belonged to the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, which as a direct fief of the Commonwealth (therefore not a member of the Union with equal rights) was governed by the Sejm, but could not send its own senators to it. Local councils called sejmik (little Sejm) stretched across all of Latvia.

The word sejm derives from the verb "sjąć się" meaning "to get together", with similar words in some other Slavic languages, of proto-Slavic origin *sъjęti < *sъjemti Sejm, then, as a noun meant "a gathering, a meeting, a council.”

In the 19th century, as the concept of nations began to emerge, Juris Alunāns, a member of a Latvian nationalist group called the Young Latvians, claimed ownership to the word "Saeima". Despite exactly the same sound, same semantic structure and clear historical connotations, he claimed that it was a purely Latvian word that he had invented. As mentioned earlier, the word bears the same meaning: "a gathering, a meeting, a council". Juris Alunāns claimed that he “constructed“ it completely independently of the historical context spanning centuries and independently of the contemporarily functioning sejms in the Duchy of Warsaw, Congress Poland, Grand Duchy of Poznan and Galicia. He claimed that the word he constructed stemmed from the archaic Latvian word eima instead, meaning "to go" (derived from the PIE *ei "to go" and also a cognate with the Ancient Greek eimi, Gaulish eimu, among others).

He could not explain, however, how the s- prefix got added to the word, and what sense this addition made within the limits of the Latvian language. Nevertheless, according to Juris, the word is purely Latvian and completely independent of the aforementioned historical context. However, the prefix sa- to a verb in modern Latvian language usually stands for a complete action and the word "Saeima" can stand for a meaning "Let's gather together completely".

In the pre-war Latvia, the Saeima was elected for three-year terms. The 1st Saeima met from 7 November 1922 to 2 November 1925, the 2nd from 3 November 1925 to 5 November 1928, the 3rd from 6 November 1928 to 2 November 1931, and the 4th from 3 November 1931 to 15 May 1934 (date of the Latvian coup d'état).

Summary of the 6 October 2018 Latvian Saeima election results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Harmony 167,117 19.80 23 –1
Who Owns the State? 120,264 14.25 16 New
New Conservative Party 114,694 13.59 16 +16
Development/For! 101,685 12.04 13 +13
National Alliance 92,963 11.01 13 –4
Union of Greens and Farmers 83,675 9.91 11 –10
New Unity 56,542 6.69 8 –15
Below 5%
Latvian Association of Regions 35,018 4.14 0 –8
Latvian Russian Union 27,014 3.20 0 0
The Progressives 22,078 2.61 0 New
For Latvia from the Heart 7,114 0.84 0 –7
Latvian Nationalists 4,245 0.50 0 New
For an Alternative 2,900 0.34 0 New
SKG Union (LSDSPKDS–GKL) 1,735 0.20 0 New
Eurosceptic Action Party 1,059 0.12 0 New
Latvian Centrist Party 897 0.10 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 5,925
Total 844,925 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 1,548,100 54.58
Source: CVK
Deputies are elected from five constituencies, based on the cultural regions of Latvia.
  1. "Zatlers nolemj rosināt Saeimas atlaišanu" [Zatlers decides to initiate thedissolution of the Saeima]. Delfi (in Latvian). May 28, 2011. RetrievedMay 28, 2011.
  2. Aleksander Brückner, Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego, 2005 Krakowska spółka wydawnicza, s. 502
  3. [1]
  4. Zuicena, Ieva; Migla, Ilga (2008). "Jura Alunāna devums latviešu leksikogrāfijā"(PDF). LU Raksti (in Latvian). 731: 75. ISSN 1407-2157. Retrieved2010-05-27.

Coordinates:56°57′04″N24°06′18″E /56.95111°N 24.10500°E /56.95111; 24.10500

Saeima
Saeima Article Talk Language Watch Edit The Saeima Latvian pronunciation ˈsai ma is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia It is a unicameral parliament consisting of 100 members who are elected by proportional representation with seats allocated to political parties which gain at least 5 of the popular vote Elections are scheduled to be held once every four years normally on the first Saturday of October The most recent elections were held in October 2018 SaeimaTypeTypeUnicameralHistoryFounded7 November 1922 99 years ago 1922 11 07 Disbanded1934 19401940 1991LeadershipSpeakerInara Murniece National Alliance since 4 November 2014StructureSeats100Political groupsGovernment 47 JKP 15 AP 12 LA 6 Par 5 Izaugsme 1 NA 12 JV 8 V 7 LP 1 Supported by 10 Independent 10 Stability group 4 V 3 Independent 3 Opposition 43 SDPS 18 SDPS 17 LSP 1 ZZS 10 LZS 3 LZP 2 LuV 2 DNP 1 LP 1 Independent 1 The Independents 6 PCL 2 LuK 2 Independent 2 Independent 9 Republic 4 LPV 2 Independent 3 Committees17 Foreign AffairsBudget and Finance Taxation Legal AffairsHuman Rights and Public AffairsEducation Culture and ScienceDefence Internal Affairs and Corruption PreventionPublic Administration and Local GovernmentEconomic Agricultural Environmental and Regional PolicySocial and Employment MattersMandate Ethics and SubmissionsParliamentary InquiryPublic Expenditure and AuditNational SecurityCitizenship Migration and Social CohesionEuropean AffairsSustainable DevelopmentAdministrative Territorial ReformLength of term4 yearsElectionsVoting systemOpen list proportional representation with a 5 electoral thresholdLast election6 October 2018Next electionBy 2022Meeting placeHouse of the Livonian Noble Corporation RigaWebsitewww wbr saeima wbr lv The President of Latvia can dismiss the Saeima and request early elections The procedure for dismissing it involves substantial political risk to the president including a risk of loss of office On 28 May 2011 president Valdis Zatlers decided to initiate the dissolution of the Saeima which was approved in a referendum and the Saeima was dissolved on 23 July 2011 1 The current Speaker of the Saeima is Inara Murniece of the National Alliance party Deputies are elected to represent one of five constituencies Kurzeme 12 deputies Latgale 14 Riga 35 Vidzeme 25 and Zemgale 14 Seats are distributed in each constituency by open list proportional representation among the parties that overcome a 5 national election threshold using an unmodified version of the Webster Sainte Lague method Contents 1 History and etymology 2 Most recent election 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory and etymology EditThe Saeima traces its origins to the Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland which led to the creation of the Sejm Seimas of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later to the creation of the Sejm of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth Livonia a part of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth was exposed to the Polish mode of administration and introduced to the Sejm system Most of today s Latvia incorporated into 3 voivodeships the Dorpat Voivodeship the Parnawa Voivodeship and the Wenden Voivodeship in total sent 6 senators to the Sejm of the Poland However the rest of Latvia belonged to the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia which as a direct fief of the Commonwealth therefore not a member of the Union with equal rights was governed by the Sejm but could not send its own senators to it Local councils called sejmik little Sejm stretched across all of Latvia The word sejm derives from the verb sjac sie meaning to get together with similar words in some other Slavic languages 2 of proto Slavic origin sjeti lt sjemti 3 Sejm then as a noun meant a gathering a meeting a council In the 19th century as the concept of nations began to emerge Juris Alunans a member of a Latvian nationalist group called the Young Latvians claimed ownership to the word Saeima Despite exactly the same sound same semantic structure and clear historical connotations he claimed that it was a purely Latvian word that he had invented As mentioned earlier the word bears the same meaning a gathering a meeting a council Juris Alunans claimed that he constructed it completely independently of the historical context spanning centuries and independently of the contemporarily functioning sejms in the Duchy of Warsaw Congress Poland Grand Duchy of Poznan and Galicia He claimed that the word he constructed stemmed from the archaic Latvian word eima instead meaning to go derived from the PIE ei to go and also a cognate with the Ancient Greek eimi Gaulish eimu among others 4 He could not explain however how the s prefix got added to the word and what sense this addition made within the limits of the Latvian language Nevertheless according to Juris the word is purely Latvian and completely independent of the aforementioned historical context However the prefix sa to a verb in modern Latvian language usually stands for a complete action and the word Saeima can stand for a meaning Let s gather together completely In the pre war Latvia the Saeima was elected for three year terms The 1st Saeima met from 7 November 1922 to 2 November 1925 the 2nd from 3 November 1925 to 5 November 1928 the 3rd from 6 November 1928 to 2 November 1931 and the 4th from 3 November 1931 to 15 May 1934 date of the Latvian coup d etat Most recent election EditSummary of the 6 October 2018 Latvian Saeima election results Party Votes Seats Harmony 167 117 19 80 23 1Who Owns the State 120 264 14 25 16 NewNew Conservative Party 114 694 13 59 16 16Development For 101 685 12 04 13 13National Alliance 92 963 11 01 13 4Union of Greens and Farmers 83 675 9 91 11 10New Unity 56 542 6 69 8 15Below 5 Latvian Association of Regions 35 018 4 14 0 8Latvian Russian Union 27 014 3 20 0 0The Progressives 22 078 2 61 0 NewFor Latvia from the Heart 7 114 0 84 0 7Latvian Nationalists 4 245 0 50 0 NewFor an Alternative 2 900 0 34 0 NewSKG Union LSDSP KDS GKL 1 735 0 20 0 NewEurosceptic Action Party 1 059 0 12 0 NewLatvian Centrist Party 897 0 10 0 NewInvalid blank votes 5 925 Total 844 925 100 100 0Registered voters turnout 1 548 100 54 58 Source CVKSee also EditCategory Deputies of the Saeima Deputies of the Saeima List of Deputy Speakers of the Saeima People s Council of Latvia provisional parliament from 1918 1920 Saeima building Constitutional Assembly of Latvia consented to the Satversme in 1922 Deputies are elected from five constituencies based on the cultural regions of Latvia References Edit Zatlers nolemj rosinat Saeimas atlaisanu Zatlers decides to initiate thedissolution of the Saeima Delfi in Latvian May 28 2011 Retrieved May 28 2011 Aleksander Bruckner Slownik etymologiczny jezyka polskiego 2005 Krakowska spolka wydawnicza s 502 1 Zuicena Ieva Migla Ilga 2008 Jura Alunana devums latviesu leksikografija PDF LU Raksti in Latvian 731 75 ISSN 1407 2157 Retrieved 2010 05 27 External links EditLatvijas Republikas Saeima Central Election Commission of Latvia Coordinates 56 57 04 N 24 06 18 E 56 95111 N 24 10500 E 56 95111 24 10500 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saeima amp oldid 1051563443, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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