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Wikipedia

Safety car

In motorsport, a safety car, or a pace car, is an automobile which limits the speed of competing cars or motorcycles on a racetrack in the case of a caution period such as an obstruction on the track or bad weather. The aim of the safety car is to enable the clearance of any obstruction under safer conditions, especially for marshals and/or await more favourable track conditions weather-wise.

During a caution period the safety car (which generally consists of an aptly modified high-performance production car) enters the track ahead of the leader. Depending on the regulations in effect, competitors are not normally allowed to pass the safety car or other competitors during a caution period, and the safety car leads the field at a pre-determined safe speed, which may vary by series and circuit. At the end of the caution period, the safety car leaves the track and the competitors resume normal racing. The first reliance on this safety measure occurred with the deployment of a pace car during the inaugural Indianapolis 500 in 1911.

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Two Superleague Formula safety cars in the paddock at Silverstone Circuit

The use of a safety car has the effect of bunching competitors together, such as to eliminate any time and distance advantage that a leading driver may have had over the remaining field of competitors. This effect can make racing more competitive upon full race resumption; conversely, it has also contributed to faster leading drivers being negated just rewards for their efforts prior to the caution period.

Subject to the racing regulations in force, it is not uncommon for drivers to be allowed to make pitstops during safety car periods. This situation may provide a strategic advantage since any scheduled refueling, tire change or maintenance may be carried out while other competitors are lapping at lower speed, and the drivers who pit then simply rejoin a queue of cars all running together. During normal racing conditions, such interventions would typically involve losing significant terrain over those drivers that remain on-track.

Another notable effect of safety car periods is that racing cars consume less fuel until full race resumption, which can allow competitors to run longer distances on a tank of fuel than would otherwise have been possible and/or reduce the number of pitstops required for the duration of the race.

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When required, the F1 safety car will lead the field around the circuit at reduced speed with the race leader immediately following.

Procedure

In Formula One if an accident or inclement weather (typically, heavy rain) prevents normal racing from continuing safely, the Race Director will call for a "safety car" period, which would see marshals wave yellow flags and hold "SC" boards, pending the car in question entering the track. From 2007, all Formula One cars must have LEDs and/or displays fitted to the steering wheel or cockpit, which inform the driver which flags are being waved. A yellow LED is illuminated when the safety car is deployed.

The safety car has both orange and green lights mounted on its roof in the form of a light bar. The green lights are used to signal that it is possible to overtake the safety car; this is only done until the race leader is immediately behind the safety car and at the head of the queue of race cars following.

Bernd Mayländer, the F1 safety car driver since 2000

From 2015, the safety car is not required to wait until all backmarkers have caught back up to the queue. When the safety car is ready to leave the circuit, it will turn off its orange lights to indicate that it will enter the pit lane at the end of the lap. Drivers must continue in formation until they cross the first safety car line, where circuit green lights and flags will indicate they are free to race again.

The safety car is piloted by professional drivers (since 2000, by Bernd Mayländer) on-board high-powered modified vehicles supplied by Mercedes-Benz (and Aston Martin starting with the 2021 season), and must maintain a reasonable speed so as to ensure that the competitors' tyres are as close as possible to operating temperature and their engines do not overheat. The driver of the safety car is accompanied by a co-driver to assist with operations and communications.

For incidents during the first three laps, the safety car also has an advantage over the traditional red flag; with a red flag, it would take a minimum of fifteen minutes to restart the race, and the two-hour limit would not start until the cars were ready for a second formation lap. With regards to the time limit, the race is being scored and the time is also counting while the safety car is on the track, and the race resumes.

History

The first use of a safety car in Formula One is reported to have taken place at the 1973 Canadian Grand Prix, where a yellow Porsche 914 was called for duty following various incidents under treacherous weather conditions. Controversially, on that occasion, it took several hours after the race to figure out the winner and final results since the safety car driver had placed his car in front of the wrong competitor thus causing part of the field to be one lap down incorrectly.

The sport officially introduced safety cars in 1993, after trials were conducted at both the French and British Grands Prix during the preceding 1992 season. Since 1996, as part of promotional arrangements, the main supplier of safety cars has been Mercedes-Benz, with Aston Martin sharing the duties with them from 2021, unlike previous years that have seen cars of different brands being used throughout the season and depending on the track visited (for example, the exotic Lamborghini Countach for the Monaco Grand Prix in the 1980s and the Lamborghini Diablo for the 1995 Canadian Grand Prix to the more mundane Fiat Tempra used at the rain-affected 1993 Brazilian Grand Prix and the high performance version of the Opel Vectra used at the infamous 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.

From 2007, new procedures were applied for the first time during the Bahrain Grand Prix. The pit lane was closed immediately upon the deployment of the safety car. No car could enter the pits until all cars on the track had formed up in a line behind the safety car, they passed the pit entrance, and the message "pit lane open" was given. A ten-second stop/go penalty (which must be taken when the race is resumed) was imposed on any driver who entered the pit lane before the pit lane open message is given. However, any car which was in the pit entry or pit lane when the safety car was deployed would not incur a penalty.

From 2009, however, this procedure has been dropped, and replaced by software that calculates where a car is on the track and a minimum lap time it should take the car to get to the pits. Cars that enter the pits before this time limit has expired are penalised.

When the safety car and the drivers behind it are on the start/finish straight, there is a red light at the exit of the pit lane. Drivers who go past the red light are disqualified from the race. This has happened to several drivers during the years, such as Giancarlo Fisichella and Felipe Massa in the 2007 Canadian Grand Prix. At the same race a year later, Lewis Hamilton failed to notice the red light and slammed into the back of the car of Kimi Räikkönen, who was waiting at the end of the pit lane alongside Robert Kubica.

From 2010, once cars were lined up behind the safety car, lapped cars were no longer allowed to unlap themselves before the race was restarted. This rule was abandoned from the 2012 season onwards, with cars now allowed to unlap themselves before the race resumes. However, since 2015, the safety car does not need to wait for the backmarkers to catch up with the leading pack before returning to the pits.

The 2021 Bahrain Grand Prix saw the debut of the Aston Martin Vantage as an official Formula One Safety Car. The 2021 Formula One season will have two official safety cars, both the Aston Martin and the Mercedes-AMG GT R that was already used in previous seasons.

List of safety car deployments in Formula One races

This list is updated as of the 2021 United States Grand Prix (24 October 2021). It does not contain deployments of the Virtual safety car.

Mercedes-Benz CLK 63 AMG safety car
Mercedes-Benz SL 63 AMG safety car during the 2009 Japanese Grand Prix
Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG safety car during the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix
Mercedes-Benz AMG GT S safety car during the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix
Mercedes-Benz AMG GT R safety car during the 2021 Austrian Grand Prix
Aston Martin Vantage safety car
Grand Prix Cause Deployed (lap) Retreated (lap) Number of full laps
1 1973 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 33 39 5
2 1993 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident/Rain 29 38 8
3 1993 British Grand Prix Stranded car 38 40 1
4 1994 San Marino Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
5 1995 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 28 33 4
6 1996 Argentine Grand Prix Accident 28 33 4
7 1996 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 13 18 4
8 1997 Argentine Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
9 1997 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 4 3
10 1998 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
11 1998 Canadian Grand Prix Debris 15 18 2
12 1998 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 20 22 1
13 1998 British Grand Prix Rain 42 49 6
14 1998 Austrian Grand Prix Two accidents 1 4 2
15 1998 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 28 33 4
16 1999 Australian Grand Prix Accident 15 17 1
17 1999 Australian Grand Prix Accident 20 25 4
18 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
19 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 3 8 4
20 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 35 41 5
21 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 66 NA (Race finished behind SC) 3
22 1999 French Grand Prix Stranded car/Rain 25 36 10
23 1999 European Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
24 2000 Australian Grand Prix Accident 7 11 3
25 2000 Austrian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
26 2000 German Grand Prix Man on track 25 29 3
27 2000 German Grand Prix Accident 30 32 1
28 2000 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 2 1
29 2000 Italian Grand Prix Multiple accidents 1 12 11
30 2000 Malaysian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
31 2001 Australian Grand Prix Accident 5 15 9
32 2001 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 4 11 6
33 2001 Brazilian Grand Prix Stranded car 1 3 1
34 2001 Austrian Grand Prix Four stranded cars 1 4 2
35 2001 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 21 24 2
36 2001 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 6 7 (After red flag) 1
37 2002 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
38 2002 Australian Grand Prix Accident 9 12 2
39 2002 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 24 28 3
40 2002 Austrian Grand Prix Accident 28 37 8
41 2002 Canadian Grand Prix Stranded car 14 17 2
42 2003 Australian Grand Prix Two accidents 8 11 2
43 2003 Australian Grand Prix Stranded car 16 20 3
44 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 9 8
45 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 18 24 5
46 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Three accidents 27 30 2
47 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 33 37 3
48 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Two accidents 54 NA (Red flag) 2
49 2003 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 1 5 3
50 2003 British Grand Prix Debris from car 5 7 1
51 2003 British Grand Prix Man on track 12 15 2
52 2004 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 3 8 4
53 2004 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 32 37 4
54 2004 United States Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
55 2004 United States Grand Prix Accident 11 20 8
56 2004 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
57 2004 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 31 34 2
58 2004 Belgian Grand Prix Debris from accident 38 42 3
59 2005 Monaco Grand Prix Stranded car 25 29 3
60 2005 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 46 52 5
61 2005 British Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
62 2005 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 11 14 2
63 2005 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 8 6
64 2005 Chinese Grand Prix Loose drain cover 19 25 5
65 2005 Chinese Grand Prix Accident 29 35 5
66 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
67 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 8 10 1
68 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 32 35 2
69 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 36 40 3
70 2006 San Marino Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
71 2006 Monaco Grand Prix Stranded car 47 49 1
72 2006 British Grand Prix Accident 2 4 1
73 2006 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 2 4 1
74 2006 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 61 64 2
75 2006 United States Grand Prix Two accidents 1 7 5
76 2006 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 26 31 4
77 2006 Turkish Grand Prix Stranded car 13 16 2
78 2006 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 2 6 3
79 2007 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
80 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 22 26 3
81 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 26 34 7
82 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Debris from accident 50 54 3
83 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 55 60 4
84 2007 European Grand Prix Accidents 3 7 (After red flag) 3
85 2007 Italian Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
86 2007 Japanese Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 20 19
87 2007 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 41 48 6
88 2008 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
89 2008 Australian Grand Prix Accident 26 30 3
90 2008 Australian Grand Prix Accident 44 47 2
91 2008 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
92 2008 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 22 29 6
93 2008 Turkish Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
94 2008 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 8 11 2
95 2008 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 62 67 4
96 2008 Canadian Grand Prix Stranded car 16 22 5
97 2008 German Grand Prix Accident 36 42 5
98 2008 Italian Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 3 2
99 2008 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 14 20 5
100 2008 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 46 53 6
101 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
102 2009 Australian Grand Prix Accident 19 24 4
103 2009 Australian Grand Prix Accident 55 NA (Race finished behind SC) 3
104 2009 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 31 NA (Red flag) 1
105 2009 Chinese Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 8 7
106 2009 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from accident 18 22 3
107 2009 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
108 2009 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
109 2009 Italian Grand Prix Accident 53 NA (Race finished behind SC) 1
110 2009 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 21 27 5
111 2009 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
112 2009 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 5
113 2010 Australian Grand Prix Accident 2 5 2
114 2010 Chinese Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
115 2010 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from accident 22 26 3
116 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
117 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 31 34 2
118 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Loose drain cover 43 46 2
119 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 75 NA (Race finished behind SC) 3
120 2010 European Grand Prix Accident 10 15 4
121 2010 British Grand Prix Debris from car 28 31 2
122 2010 Hungarian Grand Prix Debris from car 15 18 2
123 2010 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 2 4 1
124 2010 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 38 41 2
125 2010 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 3 6 2
126 2010 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 31 36 4
127 2010 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
128 2010 Korean Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 4 (After red flag) 3
129 2010 Korean Grand Prix Rain 4 (Race resumed behind SC) 18 14
130 2010 Korean Grand Prix Accident 19 24 4
131 2010 Korean Grand Prix Accident 31 35 3
132 2010 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 51 56 4
133 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
134 2011 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 35 39 3
135 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 6 5
136 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 8 13 4
137 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Rain 20 26 (After red flag) 6
138 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Rain 26 (Race resumed behind SC) 34 8
139 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 37 40 2
140 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Debris from accident 56 61 4
141 2011 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 13 17 3
142 2011 Italian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 3
143 2011 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 30 34 3
144 2011 Japanese Grand Prix Debris from accident 24 28 3
145 2011 Korean Grand Prix Accident 17 21 3
146 2012 Australian Grand Prix Stranded car 37 42 4
147 2012 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 6 10 (After red flag) 4
148 2012 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 10 (Race resumed behind SC) 15 5
149 2012 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
150 2012 European Grand Prix Debris from accident 27 34 6
151 2012 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
152 2012 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 30 32 1
153 2012 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 33 43 9
154 2012 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
155 2012 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 9 15 5
156 2012 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 39 43 3
157 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix Debris 23 29 5
158 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 70 NA (Race finished behind SC) 1
159 2013 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 31 39 7
160 2013 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 47 (Resumed behind SC) 48 1
161 2013 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 62 67 4
162 2013 British Grand Prix Debris from car 14 22 7
163 2013 British Grand Prix Stranded car 41 46 4
164 2013 German Grand Prix Stranded car 23 30 6
165 2013 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 25 31 5
166 2013 Korean Grand Prix Debris 31 37 5
167 2013 Korean Grand Prix Vehicle on track 38 41 2
168 2013 United States Grand Prix Accident 1 5 4
169 2014 Australian Grand Prix Debris from car 12 16 3
170 2014 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 41 48 6
171 2014 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
172 2014 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 26 32 5
173 2014 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 8 6
174 2014 British Grand Prix Accident 1 3 (After red flag) 1
175 2014 German Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
176 2014 Hungarian Grand Prix Two accidents 9 14 4
177 2014 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 23 28 4
178 2014 Singapore Grand Prix Debris from accident 31 38 6
179 2014 Japanese Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 3 (After red flag) 2
180 2014 Japanese Grand Prix Rain 3 (Race resumed behind SC) 9 6
181 2014 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 44 NA (Red flag) 4
182 2014 United States Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
183 2015 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
184 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix Accident 4 7 2
185 2015 Chinese Grand Prix Stranded car 54 NA (Race finished behind SC) 2
186 2015 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 59 71 11
187 2015 Austrian Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
188 2015 British Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
189 2015 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 43 49 5
190 2015 Singapore Grand Prix Man on track 37 41 3
191 2015 Russian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
192 2015 Russian Grand Prix Accident 12 18 5
193 2015 United States Grand Prix Stranded car 28 33 4
194 2015 United States Grand Prix Accident 43 47 3
195 2015 Mexican Grand Prix Accident 53 58 4
196 2016 Australian Grand Prix Accident 17 20 (After red flag) 2
197 2016 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from car 4 10 5
198 2016 Russian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
199 2016 Monaco Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 8 7
200 2016 Austrian Grand Prix Debris from car 27 32 4
201 2016 British Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 6 5
202 2016 Mexican Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
203 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) 7 6
204 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 13 20 6
205 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Rain 21 (Race resumed behind SC) 32 (After red flag) 11
206 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 48 56 7
207 2017 Chinese Grand Prix Accident 4 8 3
208 2017 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 16 18 1
209 2017 Russian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
210 2017 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 60 68 7
211 2017 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
212 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Stranded car 12 17 4
213 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Debris from car 17 20 2
214 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Debris from accident 20 24 (After red flag) 3
215 2017 British Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
216 2017 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 4 7 2
217 2017 Belgian Grand Prix Debris from accident 30 35 4
218 2017 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
219 2017 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 11 15 3
220 2017 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 38 42 3
221 2017 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
222 2017 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
223 2018 Australian Grand Prix Stranded car 29 32 2
224 2018 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from accident 31 35 3
225 2018 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Two accidents 1 6 4
226 2018 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Two accidents 40 48 7
227 2018 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
228 2018 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
229 2018 French Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4
230 2018 British Grand Prix Accident 33 38 4
231 2018 British Grand Prix Accident 38 42 3
232 2018 German Grand Prix Accident 52 58 5
232 2018 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
233 2018 Italian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1
234 2018 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
235 2018 Japanese Grand Prix Debris from accident 3 8 4
236 2018 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
237 2019 Bahrain Grand Prix Two stranded cars 55 NA (Race finished behind SC) 2
238 2019 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 46 53 6
239 2019 Monaco Grand Prix Debris from accident 11 16 4
240 2019 British Grand Prix Accident 20 25 4
241 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 2 5 2
242 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 29 34 4
243 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 41 46 4
244 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 57 60 2
245 2019 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3
246 2019 Singapore Grand Prix Debris from accident 34 41 6
247 2019 Singapore Grand Prix Stranded car 44 49 4
248 2019 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 50 53 2
249 2019 Russian Grand Prix Accident 2 5 2
250 2019 Russian Grand Prix Accident 30 34 3
251 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix Stranded car 54 60 5
252 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 66 70 3
253 2020 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 26 31 4
254 2020 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 50 55 4
255 2020 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 55 61 5
256 2020 Styrian Grand Prix Debris from accident 1 4 2
257 2020 British Grand Prix Accident 2 6 3
258 2020 British Grand Prix Accident 13 19 5
259 2020 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 11 16 4
260 2020 Italian Grand Prix Stranded car 20 24 3
261 2020 Italian Grand Prix Accident 25 28 (After red flag) 2
262 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
263 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Accident 7 10 (After red flag) 2
264 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Accident 45 48 (After red flag) 2
265 2020 Russian Grand Prix Two accidents 1 6 4
266 2020 Eifel Grand Prix Stranded car 45 51 5
267 2020 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Accident 51 57 5
268 2020 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 2 9 6
269 2020 Bahrain Grand Prix Stranded car 54 NA (Race finished behind SC) 3
270 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5
271 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix Accident 64 68 3
272 2020 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Stranded car 12 14 1
273 2021 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2
274 2021 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Two accidents 2 7 4
275 2021 Portuguese Grand Prix Accident 2 7 4
276 2021 Spanish Grand Prix Stranded car 8 11 2
277 2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Accident 32 36 3
278 2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Accident 47 49 (After red flag) 1
279 2021 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 1 4 2
280 2021 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 1 2 (After red flag) 1
281 2021 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 1 (Race started behind SC) NA (Red flag) 2
282 2021 Italian Grand Prix Accident 26 32 5

Statistics

These numbers are updated as of the 2021 United States Grand Prix (24 October 2021).

  • The safety car has been deployed a total of 282 times in 195 Formula One Grands Prix. It has led the field of Formula One cars for at least 1035 full laps.
  • Thirteen Grands Prix have started behind the safety car. Eight have finished behind the safety car.
  • The average number of laps that the safety car leads the field of cars is 3.5, not counting longer deployments due to heavy rain.
  • The most deployments during a season was 21 in 2010. This number was nearly equalled during the 2020 season, with 20 deployments.
  • The most deployments in one race was six during the 2011 Canadian Grand Prix. The previous highest number was five during the 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix.

List of Formula One safety cars

This list is updated as of the 2021 United States Grand Prix (24 October 2021).

Grand Prix/Season Car Driver(s) Number of races deployed Number of laps deployed
1973 Canadian Grand Prix Porsche 914 Eppie Wietzes 1 5
1976 Monaco Grand Prix Porsche 911 Turbo 0 0
1981 Monaco Grand Prix
1982 Monaco Grand Prix
1983 Monaco Grand Prix
Lamborghini Countach 0 0
1992 French Grand Prix
1992 British Grand Prix
1993 European Grand Prix
1993 Spanish Grand Prix
1993 French Grand Prix
1993 British Grand Prix
1993 German Grand Prix
1993 Hungarian Grand Prix
1993 Portuguese Grand Prix
1994 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ford Escort RS Cosworth Mark Goddard 1 1
1993 Brazilian Grand Prix Fiat Tempra 16V 1 8
1993 San Marino Grand Prix
1994 San Marino Grand Prix
Opel Vectra Max Angelelli (1994) 1 4
1994 Pacific Grand Prix Porsche 0 0 (only on formation lap)
1994 Japanese Grand Prix Honda Prelude 0 0 (only on formation lap)
1995 Monaco Grand Prix
1996 Argentine Grand Prix
Renault Clio Williams Jean Ragnotti (1995) 1 4
1995 Canadian Grand Prix Lamborghini Diablo 0 0
1995 Belgian Grand Prix Porsche 993 GT2 (911 GT) 1 4
1996-1997 Mercedes C36 AMG Oliver Gavin (1997) 2 8
1997-1998 Mercedes CLK55 AMG Oliver Gavin 5 22
1999-2000 Mercedes CL55 AMG Oliver Gavin (1999)
Bernd Mayländer (2000)
10 53
2001-2002 Mercedes SL 55 AMG Bernd Mayländer
Marcel Fässler (2001, 1 race)
9 40
2003 Mercedes CLK 55 AMG Bernd Mayländer 5 31
2004-2005 Mercedes SLK 55 AMG Bernd Mayländer 9 55
2006-2007 Mercedes CLK 63 AMG Bernd Mayländer 14 79
2008-2009 Mercedes SL 63 AMG Bernd Mayländer 18 85
2010-2014 Mercedes SLS AMG Bernd Mayländer 42 269
2015-2017 Mercedes-AMG GT S Bernd Mayländer 31 158
2018
2019
2020
2021 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix
2021 Portuguese Grand Prix
2021 Spanish Grand Prix
2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix
2021 Styrian Grand Prix
2021 Austrian Grand Prix
2021 Hungarian Grand Prix
2021 Belgian Grand Prix
2021 Italian Grand Prix
2021 United States Grand Prix
Mercedes-AMG GT R Bernd Mayländer 42 204
2021 Bahrain Grand Prix
2021 Monaco Grand Prix
2021 French Grand Prix
2021 British Grand Prix
2021 Dutch Grand Prix
2021 Turkish Grand Prix
Aston Martin Vantage Bernd Mayländer 1 2

Virtual safety car (VSC)

Following an accident at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix, which saw driver Jules Bianchi suffer a serious head injury which led to his death, the FIA established an "accident panel" to investigate the dynamics of the accident and ways to minimize the risk of a crash during similar circumstances that do not warrant the deployment of a safety car and cannot be simply managed with yellow flags.

The accident panel recommended the implementation of a "virtual safety car", based on the "slow zone" system used in Le Mans racing. Compared to the former, the safety car does not actually appear on the track; however. On top of not being allowed to overtake under yellow flag conditions in the affected sector, a "VSC" icon would appear trackside and on the drivers' steering displays, obliging drivers to not exceed the posted speed limit, thus resulting in a 35% speed reduction. The system was similar to the Electro-PACER lights used in the Indianapolis 500 races from 1972 until 1978, except that engine control units (ECU) were involved and could enforce speed limits under the current system.

The VSC was tested over the course of the final three races of the 2014 season, during parts of free practice sessions. The system was evolved taking into account drivers' feedback and was officially introduced for the 2015 season following ratification by the World Motor Sport Council (WMSC). The VSC was officially used for the first time – and for a brief period prior to the deployment of the actual safety car – at the 2015 Monaco Grand Prix, following a 30G crash involving Max Verstappen. The system saw its first extended deployment at the 2015 British Grand Prix after Carlos Sainz Jr.'s power unit failed at Club Corner of the Silverstone Circuit. All drivers must keep their delta times positive at this point.

The BMW i8 plug-in hybrid was the safety car of Formula E from the first season to the first two races of the seventh season. For selected races, the Mini Electric will be Formula E's official Safety Car.

The Full Course Yellow condition is the Formula E version of the Virtual Safety Car. In this condition, all marshal posts will wave yellow flags, accompanied by a sign that says "FCY" with a yellow background. This condition is often decided by the Race Director whether it is appropriate to implement it or not. The fans (if they are watching the race on TV) and drivers can hear the Race Director declare the FCY (mainly saying "Attention all teams, attention all teams this is Race Control, Full Course Yellow in 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, Full Course Yellow, Full Course Yellow). Once the FCY is implemented, all drivers must activate the FCY limiter, which, similar to the pit speed limiter, keeps the car under FCY speeds despite the throttle being flat to the floor. Overtaking is not allowed under FCY conditions, but if a driver does overtake another driver, like when Jean-Éric Vergne overtook António Félix da Costa at the 2019 Rome ePrix, the driver who overtook the other driver can be penalised. For season 6 of Formula E, when there is an FCY period, everyone is no longer allowed to activate Attack Mode. For every minute spent under FCY conditions, 1kWh of energy kept in reserve by the drivers will be subtracted, giving more energy saving tactics to the drivers and teams alike. Like Formula One, Formula E does have a safety car condition, but instead of a Mercedes-AMG GT R as the safety car, from 2014-2021, a BMW i8 plug-in hybrid sports car was used. Starting with the 2021 Rome ePrix, a Mini Electric will be used for selected races.

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The first use of a pace car in automobile racing was at the inaugural Indy 500 in 1911. The officials at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway have been selecting a pace car and its driver for the Indy 500 each year since that first race. The first pace car was a Stoddard-Dayton driven by Carl G. Fisher. In recent years Chevrolet models have been chosen as the official pace car, owing to the ability for them to be used at both major automobile races at the Speedway (typically Corvette at the 500 and Impala at the 400). The pace car is selected two months before the race runs, allowing the manufacturer of the selected pace car to produce replicas of that year's car, which sell at a marked premium to collectors and race fans. Pace car replicas are often seen on the streets of Indianapolis weeks before the race is actually held, and a celebrity driver is usually used for the start of the race only.

The Indiana Pacers, a professional basketball team located in Indianapolis, Indiana, is named after a pace car. The legacy of racing and the rich history of the Indy 500 both played a major role in the naming process.

Automakers compete for the prestige of having one of their models selected as the year's pace car for the publicity. In 1971, the move backfired as no automakers stepped up to provide a pace car. Instead, local Indianapolis-area Dodge dealers fulfilled the duty. Eldon Palmer, a local dealer, lost control of the Dodge Challenger pace car and crashed into a photography stand, injuring several people. The blame for the crash was never fully determined, as officials realized that an orange cone (or perhaps an orange flag), which was to identify Palmer's braking point, was accidentally removed.

In the last 50 years, the Pontiac Trans Am, Chevrolet Camaro, Chevrolet Corvette, Oldsmobile Cutlass, and Ford Mustang are the only models that have been selected as pace cars three or more times.

The pace car leads the field past an accident site at the 2007 Indianapolis 500.

During the IndyCar Series season, however, Johnny Rutherford, Sarah Fisher, and Oriol Servià are the normal drivers of the IRL pace car for all events. The pace car is deployed for debris, collision, or weather reasons. Since 1993, upon the waving of the yellow flag, pit road is closed until the pace car picks up the leader and passes the pit entrance the first time, unless track blockage forces the field to drive through pit lane. Another duty of the pace car is to lead the field around the course on parade laps prior to the start of the race. These increase in speed, allowing for a flying start of the race.

Furthermore, two other rule changes have been implemented. Since 2000, with one lap to go before going back to green, the pace car pulls off the track in turn one rather than in turn four. The current leader of the race is then assigned the task of pacing the field back to the green flag. After much consideration, this rule was added to prevent a situation much like the one that happened in the 1995 Indianapolis 500, when Scott Goodyear passed the pace car going back to green. In 2002, another rule was added. With one lap to go before the green, the pace car waves by all cars (if there are any) between the pace car and the actual leader of the race. This allows for the leader to control the restart without lapped cars being in front of him. It also creates a strategy for cars to gain laps back, loosely resembling the "Lucky dog" rule. However, the cars who get waved around are not allowed to pit until the green flag restarts the race (so they do not get the advantage of getting their lap back AND a free pit stop).

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2001 Winston Cup (now NASCAR Cup Series) pace car – a modified 2001 Pontiac Grand Prix GTP coupe

In all NASCAR series, if the caution is out for debris, accident, or inclement weather, the flagman will display the yellow caution flag and the pace car will pull out of the pits and turn on the yellow strobes on top and/or behind the car. When race officials are ready to open pit lane, a green light will come on in the rear window of the safety car. One lap before a green flag, the pace car will shut off its lights to signal drivers to line up double file.

Unlike most series in motorsport, owing to NASCAR's short-track roots, each track usually offers its own safety car, typically from the manufacturer, but in recent years, it has been a local dealer or association of regional dealerships-provided Safety car. Tracks that use Toyota safety cars will use a Toyota Camry Hybrid, while Ford tracks will use a Ford Mustang, while Chevrolet tracks use a Chevrolet Camaro and most Dodge tracks use a Dodge Challenger. If a manufacturer is promoting a new vehicle, they will often use the new car instead of the standard-specification safety car.

For the Truck Series, which races pickup trucks instead of cars, the safety "car" is often a pickup. Tracks affiliated with a local or regional Chevrolet dealership will use a Chevrolet Silverado, while Chrysler dealership-affiliated tracks will use a Ram 1500. Ford-affiliated tracks will often use the F-Series, but Toyota-affiliated tracks are less likely to use the Toyota Tundra, but prefer marketing the Camry Hybrid. However, Ford and Toyota manufacturer sponsored tracks will prefer the Mustang and Camry, respectively, instead of a truck, and occasionally, pickup trucks have been used as pace vehicles for Cup Series and Xfinity races.

Since NASCAR does not allow speedometers or electronic speed limiting devices, the pace car circles the track at pit road speed during the warm-up laps. This allows each driver to note the RPM at which pit road speed is maintained. Drivers exceeding that speed on pit road will be penalized, typically a "drive-through" or "stop and go" penalty, costing them valuable track position.

The pace car for the 2011 Daytona 500, a Chevrolet Camaro.

Since mid-2004, NASCAR official Brett Bodine has driven the vehicle during official race functions during Cup Series races. Other famous NASCAR pace car drivers include Robert "Buster" Auton and Elmo Langley.

At many races, NASCAR has an honorary pace car driver that actually drives a car during the parade laps. Depending on the driver's skill, some drivers are allowed to pace the field right up to the dropping of the green flag. Some famous drivers have been Jay Leno, Richard Hammond, Luke Wilson, Rob Gronkowski, Guy Fieri and many others.

The beneficiary rule (informally known as the "lucky dog" rule) states once the safety car is deployed, the first car not on the lead lap will regain a lap. The Beneficiary will regain his lap once pit road opens. Bodine will signal that car to pass him through radio contact between NASCAR and that team. The free pass car must pit with the lapped cars.

In 2009, NASCAR introduced a new "Double-file restart" rule that lines the field two cars on each row on every restart, similar to the start of the race, instead of lead-lap cars on the outside and lapped cars on the inside. Also, the "wave-around" rule, similar to what is enforced in racing series sanctioned by IndyCar, was adopted to ensure the first car on the restart is the leader, and ensure there are no lapped cars ahead of the leader.

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2014 Sprint Unlimited

Main article: 2014 Sprint Unlimited

Before the start of the final segment of the Sprint Cup Series' Sprint Unlimited exhibition race at Daytona, the Chevrolet SS pace car caught fire and stopped off the track, delaying the restart. The fire was believed to have started in a trunk-mounted battery pack powering the lights.

2012 Daytona 500

During a safety car situation on Lap 160 of the 2012 Daytona 500, Earnhardt Ganassi Racing driver Juan Pablo Montoya's car had a suspension part failure, and it lost control on turn 3, sharply veering right into a safety truck and jet dryer trailer, causing a massive diesel/jet fuel fire. As it was seen on video, sparks were seen emanating from Montoya's car right before its hard collision with the jet dryer trailer and left driver's side of the truck. Montoya was treated at the infield care center and released. Montoya's report over the radio after the incident was "I left the pits and felt a really weird vibration and I came back in and checked the rear end and said it was okay and I got into the backstraight and we were are going fourth gear but wasn't going that fast. Every time I got on the gas I could feel the rear squeezing. When I was telling the spotter to have a look how the rear was moving the car just turned right." The driver of the Chevrolet Silverado Crew Cab, Duane Barnes, was taken to a local hospital for observation and was resting comfortably. He was an employee at Michigan International Speedway, a sister track of Daytona. The tracks often share jet dryer equipment on race weekends to help in case of rain such as the case on Sunday, the original scheduled start time of the race. The entire incident took about two hours to clean up before the last 40 (later extended to 42 due to a Green-white-checkered finish) laps were able to be completed.

NASCAR subsequently added the use of the second safety car (used during race start situations) to protect the last jet dryer in other safety car situations.

2011 6 Hours of Castellet

The 2011 6 Hours of Castellet got off to a controversial start when the pace car did not return to the pits when the green lights came on. The front running LMPs slowed down but some of the GT cars could not react fast enough, resulting in heavy damage to all three GTE Pro class Porsches which caused them to retire. The GTE Am class IMSA Performance Matmut Porsche and GTE Pro JOTA Aston Martin were also caught up in the carnage.

2009 WTCC Pau

An accident occurred during the 2009 FIA WTCC Race of France in Pau, France. A succession of first-lap accidents caused the safety car to be placed on standby, with yellow flags waving on the start-finish section of the track. The safety car driver then proceeded to drive onto the track at slow speed, without official approval, moving across the pit exit line immediately after exiting the pits, instead of confining to the inside of it until the line ended. Race leader Franz Engstler came through the kink on the start-finish straight and was unable to avoid hitting the side of the pace car. Engstler commented "I saw the safety car coming out from the right and realized that I had no chance to brake... I really do not understand why he was going out of the pits". After this incident, the Portuguese Bruno Correia was appointed as the official safety car driver.

2008 Dutch Supercar Challenge Spa

A safety car caused a crash during the 2008 Dutch Supercar Challenge race at Spa Francorchamps. The Seat Leon was released too late, allowing the leading Marcos LM600 to pass while erroneously identifying the Audi TT DTM in 2nd and Mosler MT900R GT3 in 3rd as 'the leading pack.' Race officials immediately realized their mistake, and the safety car was instructed to slow down and let the entire field pass.

As the safety car was exiting turn 11, an approaching Lamborghini Gallardo GT3 drastically reduced its speed in response to the unusually slow safety car. However, a BMW a few seconds behind came around the blind turn at speed, colliding with the Gallardo and safety car. The collision destroyed the Gallardo and sent the BMW into a number of rolls. The safety car was sent off the track into the Armco safety barrier at great speed. In the chaos, a Marcos LM600 coming around turn 11 locked up its brakes and spun into the wet grass on the inside of the track. Sliding back onto the track, it was hit from the side by a BMW Z3. Furthermore, two E46 BMW M3 GTRs were damaged: one on the outside line hit the rear of the Marcos, and the other, on the inside line, slightly damaged its front right. The second M3 continued around the track, while the first slid into the grass before turn 12. The race was stopped, and there were no serious injuries to any of the drivers.

1999 FirstPlus Financial 200

On lap 57, ARCA driver Joe Cooksey ran into the back of the Pontiac Grand Prix pace car driven by Jack Wallace totaling the pace car, to quote Cooksey: "It might be the first time in history the pace car has been wiped out."

1986 Winston 500

Main article: 1986 Winston 500

Before the start of the race, a 20-year-old fan named Darren Charles Crowder stole the pace car and drove a lap around the track. Local Sherriff's Deputies and track workers then quickly set up a road block at the exit of Turn 4 when it happened. When the fan stopped the pace car, the sheriffs opened the door and pulled him out and was then detained.

1971 Indianapolis 500

The pace car of the 1971 Indianapolis 500, an orange Dodge Challenger driven by local auto dealer Eldon Palmer, crashed at the start of the race. As Palmer drove the car off into the pit lane to let the race cars begin the race, he lost control of the car and crashed into a photographer stand. There were no fatalities, and the number of people reported injured has ranged from 18 to 29.

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    Safety car
Safety car Language Watch Edit In motorsport a safety car or a pace car is an automobile which limits the speed of competing cars or motorcycles on a racetrack in the case of a caution period such as an obstruction on the track or bad weather The aim of the safety car is to enable the clearance of any obstruction under safer conditions especially for marshals and or await more favourable track conditions weather wise Mercedes Benz SLK pace car of the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters at the Goodwood Festival of Speed During a caution period the safety car which generally consists of an aptly modified high performance production car enters the track ahead of the leader Depending on the regulations in effect competitors are not normally allowed to pass the safety car or other competitors during a caution period and the safety car leads the field at a pre determined safe speed which may vary by series and circuit At the end of the caution period the safety car leaves the track and the competitors resume normal racing The first reliance on this safety measure occurred with the deployment of a pace car during the inaugural Indianapolis 500 in 1911 1 Contents 1 Effect 2 Formula One 2 1 Procedure 2 2 History 2 2 1 List of safety car deployments in Formula One races 2 2 2 Statistics 2 2 3 List of Formula One safety cars 2 3 Virtual safety car VSC 3 Formula E 4 Indianapolis 500 5 NASCAR 6 Incidents with safety cars and other course cars 6 1 2014 Sprint Unlimited 6 2 2012 Daytona 500 6 3 2011 6 Hours of Castellet 6 4 2009 WTCC Pau 6 5 2008 Dutch Supercar Challenge Spa 6 6 1999 FirstPlus Financial 200 6 7 1986 Winston 500 6 8 1971 Indianapolis 500 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 9 1 Formula One 9 2 Indianapolis 500Effect EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2011 Learn how and when to remove this template message Two Superleague Formula safety cars in the paddock at Silverstone Circuit The use of a safety car has the effect of bunching competitors together such as to eliminate any time and distance advantage that a leading driver may have had over the remaining field of competitors This effect can make racing more competitive upon full race resumption conversely it has also contributed to faster leading drivers being negated just rewards for their efforts prior to the caution period Subject to the racing regulations in force it is not uncommon for drivers to be allowed to make pitstops during safety car periods This situation may provide a strategic advantage since any scheduled refueling tire change or maintenance may be carried out while other competitors are lapping at lower speed and the drivers who pit then simply rejoin a queue of cars all running together During normal racing conditions such interventions would typically involve losing significant terrain over those drivers that remain on track Another notable effect of safety car periods is that racing cars consume less fuel until full race resumption which can allow competitors to run longer distances on a tank of fuel than would otherwise have been possible and or reduce the number of pitstops required for the duration of the race Formula One EditThis section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed March 2015 Learn how and when to remove this template message When required the F1 safety car will lead the field around the circuit at reduced speed with the race leader immediately following Procedure Edit In Formula One if an accident or inclement weather typically heavy rain prevents normal racing from continuing safely the Race Director will call for a safety car period which would see marshals wave yellow flags and hold SC boards pending the car in question entering the track From 2007 all Formula One cars must have LEDs and or displays fitted to the steering wheel or cockpit which inform the driver which flags are being waved A yellow LED is illuminated when the safety car is deployed The safety car has both orange and green lights mounted on its roof in the form of a light bar The green lights are used to signal that it is possible to overtake the safety car this is only done until the race leader is immediately behind the safety car and at the head of the queue of race cars following 2 Bernd Maylander the F1 safety car driver since 2000 From 2015 the safety car is not required to wait until all backmarkers have caught back up to the queue When the safety car is ready to leave the circuit it will turn off its orange lights to indicate that it will enter the pit lane at the end of the lap Drivers must continue in formation until they cross the first safety car line where circuit green lights and flags will indicate they are free to race again 3 The safety car is piloted by professional drivers since 2000 by Bernd Maylander on board high powered modified vehicles supplied by Mercedes Benz and Aston Martin starting with the 2021 season 4 and must maintain a reasonable speed so as to ensure that the competitors tyres are as close as possible to operating temperature and their engines do not overheat The driver of the safety car is accompanied by a co driver to assist with operations and communications For incidents during the first three laps the safety car also has an advantage over the traditional red flag with a red flag it would take a minimum of fifteen minutes to restart the race and the two hour limit would not start until the cars were ready for a second formation lap With regards to the time limit the race is being scored and the time is also counting while the safety car is on the track and the race resumes History Edit The first use of a safety car in Formula One is reported to have taken place at the 1973 Canadian Grand Prix where a yellow Porsche 914 5 6 was called for duty following various incidents under treacherous weather conditions Controversially on that occasion it took several hours after the race to figure out the winner and final results since the safety car driver had placed his car in front of the wrong competitor thus causing part of the field to be one lap down incorrectly 7 The sport officially introduced safety cars in 1993 after trials were conducted at both the French and British Grands Prix during the preceding 1992 season Since 1996 as part of promotional arrangements the main supplier of safety cars has been Mercedes Benz 4 with Aston Martin sharing the duties with them from 2021 unlike previous years that have seen cars of different brands being used throughout the season and depending on the track visited for example the exotic Lamborghini Countach for the Monaco Grand Prix in the 1980s 6 8 and the Lamborghini Diablo for the 1995 Canadian Grand Prix to the more mundane Fiat Tempra used at the rain affected 1993 Brazilian Grand Prix 9 and the high performance version of the Opel Vectra used at the infamous 1994 San Marino Grand Prix From 2007 new procedures were applied for the first time during the Bahrain Grand Prix The pit lane was closed immediately upon the deployment of the safety car No car could enter the pits until all cars on the track had formed up in a line behind the safety car they passed the pit entrance and the message pit lane open was given A ten second stop go penalty which must be taken when the race is resumed was imposed on any driver who entered the pit lane before the pit lane open message is given However any car which was in the pit entry or pit lane when the safety car was deployed would not incur a penalty From 2009 however this procedure has been dropped and replaced by software that calculates where a car is on the track and a minimum lap time it should take the car to get to the pits Cars that enter the pits before this time limit has expired are penalised When the safety car and the drivers behind it are on the start finish straight there is a red light at the exit of the pit lane Drivers who go past the red light are disqualified from the race This has happened to several drivers during the years such as Giancarlo Fisichella and Felipe Massa in the 2007 Canadian Grand Prix At the same race a year later Lewis Hamilton failed to notice the red light and slammed into the back of the car of Kimi Raikkonen who was waiting at the end of the pit lane alongside Robert Kubica From 2010 once cars were lined up behind the safety car lapped cars were no longer allowed to unlap themselves before the race was restarted 10 This rule was abandoned from the 2012 season onwards with cars now allowed to unlap themselves before the race resumes However since 2015 the safety car does not need to wait for the backmarkers to catch up with the leading pack before returning to the pits The 2021 Bahrain Grand Prix saw the debut of the Aston Martin Vantage as an official Formula One Safety Car The 2021 Formula One season will have two official safety cars both the Aston Martin and the Mercedes AMG GT R that was already used in previous seasons 11 List of safety car deployments in Formula One races Edit This list is updated as of the 2021 United States Grand Prix 24 October 2021 It does not contain deployments of the Virtual safety car Mercedes Benz CLK 63 AMG safety car Mercedes Benz SL 63 AMG safety car during the 2009 Japanese Grand Prix Mercedes Benz SLS AMG safety car during the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix Mercedes Benz AMG GT S safety car during the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix Mercedes Benz AMG GT R safety car during the 2021 Austrian Grand Prix Aston Martin Vantage safety car Grand Prix Cause Deployed lap Retreated lap Number of full laps1 12 1973 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 33 39 52 13 1993 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident Rain 29 38 83 14 1993 British Grand Prix Stranded car 38 40 14 15 1994 San Marino Grand Prix Accident 1 6 45 16 1995 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 28 33 46 17 1996 Argentine Grand Prix Accident 28 33 47 18 1996 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 13 18 48 19 1997 Argentine Grand Prix Accident 1 6 49 20 1997 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 4 310 21 1998 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 411 22 1998 Canadian Grand Prix Debris 15 18 212 21 1998 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 20 22 113 23 1998 British Grand Prix Rain 42 49 614 24 1998 Austrian Grand Prix Two accidents 1 4 215 25 1998 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 28 33 416 26 27 1999 Australian Grand Prix Accident 15 17 117 26 27 1999 Australian Grand Prix Accident 20 25 418 28 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 119 28 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 3 8 420 28 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 35 41 521 28 1999 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 66 NA Race finished behind SC 322 29 1999 French Grand Prix Stranded car Rain 25 36 1023 30 1999 European Grand Prix Accident 1 6 424 31 2000 Australian Grand Prix Accident 7 11 325 32 2000 Austrian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 126 33 2000 German Grand Prix Man on track 25 29 327 33 2000 German Grand Prix Accident 30 32 128 34 2000 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 2 129 35 2000 Italian Grand Prix Multiple accidents 1 12 1130 36 2000 Malaysian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 131 37 2001 Australian Grand Prix Accident 5 15 932 38 2001 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 4 11 633 39 2001 Brazilian Grand Prix Stranded car 1 3 134 40 2001 Austrian Grand Prix Four stranded cars 1 4 235 41 2001 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 21 24 236 42 2001 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 6 7 After red flag 137 43 2002 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 438 43 2002 Australian Grand Prix Accident 9 12 239 44 2002 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 24 28 340 44 2002 Austrian Grand Prix Accident 28 37 841 45 2002 Canadian Grand Prix Stranded car 14 17 242 46 2003 Australian Grand Prix Two accidents 8 11 243 46 2003 Australian Grand Prix Stranded car 16 20 344 47 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 9 845 47 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 18 24 546 47 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Three accidents 27 30 247 47 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 33 37 348 47 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix Two accidents 54 NA Red flag 249 48 2003 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 1 5 350 49 2003 British Grand Prix Debris from car 5 7 151 49 2003 British Grand Prix Man on track 12 15 252 50 2004 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 3 8 453 50 2004 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 32 37 454 51 2004 United States Grand Prix Accident 1 6 455 51 2004 United States Grand Prix Accident 11 20 856 52 2004 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 357 52 2004 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 31 34 258 52 2004 Belgian Grand Prix Debris from accident 38 42 359 53 2005 Monaco Grand Prix Stranded car 25 29 360 54 2005 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 46 52 561 55 2005 British Grand Prix Accident 1 3 162 56 2005 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 11 14 263 57 2005 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 8 664 58 2005 Chinese Grand Prix Loose drain cover 19 25 565 58 2005 Chinese Grand Prix Accident 29 35 566 59 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 167 60 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 8 10 168 59 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 32 35 269 59 2006 Australian Grand Prix Accident 36 40 370 61 2006 San Marino Grand Prix Accident 1 3 171 62 2006 Monaco Grand Prix Stranded car 47 49 172 63 2006 British Grand Prix Accident 2 4 173 64 2006 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 2 4 174 64 2006 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 61 64 275 65 2006 United States Grand Prix Two accidents 1 7 576 66 2006 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 26 31 477 67 2006 Turkish Grand Prix Stranded car 13 16 278 68 2006 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 2 6 379 69 2007 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 1 4 280 70 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 22 26 381 70 71 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 26 34 782 70 71 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Debris from accident 50 54 383 70 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 55 60 484 72 2007 European Grand Prix Accidents 3 7 After red flag 385 73 2007 Italian Grand Prix Accident 1 7 586 74 2007 Japanese Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 20 1987 74 2007 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 41 48 688 75 2008 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 189 75 2008 Australian Grand Prix Accident 26 30 390 75 2008 Australian Grand Prix Accident 44 47 291 76 2008 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 1 4 292 76 2008 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 22 29 693 77 2008 Turkish Grand Prix Accident 1 3 194 78 2008 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 8 11 295 78 2008 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 62 67 496 79 80 2008 Canadian Grand Prix Stranded car 16 22 597 81 2008 German Grand Prix Accident 36 42 598 82 2008 Italian Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 3 299 83 84 2008 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 14 20 5100 83 2008 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 46 53 6101 85 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2102 86 2009 Australian Grand Prix Accident 19 24 4103 86 2009 Australian Grand Prix Accident 55 NA Race finished behind SC 3104 87 2009 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 31 NA Red flag 1105 88 2009 Chinese Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 8 7106 88 2009 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from accident 18 22 3107 89 2009 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3108 90 2009 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3109 91 2009 Italian Grand Prix Accident 53 NA Race finished behind SC 1110 92 2009 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 21 27 5111 93 2009 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5112 94 95 2009 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 5113 96 2010 Australian Grand Prix Accident 2 5 2114 97 2010 Chinese Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2115 97 2010 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from accident 22 26 3116 98 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5117 98 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 31 34 2118 98 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Loose drain cover 43 46 2119 98 2010 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 75 NA Race finished behind SC 3120 99 2010 European Grand Prix Accident 10 15 4121 100 101 2010 British Grand Prix Debris from car 28 31 2122 102 2010 Hungarian Grand Prix Debris from car 15 18 2123 103 2010 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 2 4 1124 103 2010 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 38 41 2125 104 2010 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 3 6 2126 104 2010 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 31 36 4127 105 2010 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5128 106 2010 Korean Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 4 After red flag 3129 106 2010 Korean Grand Prix Rain 4 Race resumed behind SC 18 14130 107 2010 Korean Grand Prix Accident 19 24 4131 107 2010 Korean Grand Prix Accident 31 35 3132 108 2010 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 51 56 4133 109 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4134 110 2011 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 35 39 3135 111 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 6 5136 111 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 8 13 4137 111 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Rain 20 26 After red flag 6138 111 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Rain 26 Race resumed behind SC 34 8139 111 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 37 40 2140 112 2011 Canadian Grand Prix Debris from accident 56 61 4141 113 114 2011 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 13 17 3142 115 116 2011 Italian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 3143 117 118 2011 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 30 34 3144 119 120 2011 Japanese Grand Prix Debris from accident 24 28 3145 121 2011 Korean Grand Prix Accident 17 21 3146 122 2012 Australian Grand Prix Stranded car 37 42 4147 123 2012 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 6 10 After red flag 4148 123 2012 Malaysian Grand Prix Rain 10 Race resumed behind SC 15 5149 124 2012 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1150 125 2012 European Grand Prix Debris from accident 27 34 6151 126 2012 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4152 127 2012 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 30 32 1153 127 2012 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 33 43 9154 128 2012 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1155 129 2012 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 9 15 5156 129 2012 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 39 43 3157 130 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix Debris 23 29 5158 131 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 70 NA Race finished behind SC 1159 132 2013 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 31 39 7160 132 2013 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 47 Resumed behind SC 48 1161 132 2013 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 62 67 4162 133 2013 British Grand Prix Debris from car 14 22 7163 133 2013 British Grand Prix Stranded car 41 46 4164 134 135 2013 German Grand Prix Stranded car 23 30 6165 136 137 2013 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 25 31 5166 138 2013 Korean Grand Prix Debris 31 37 5167 138 2013 Korean Grand Prix Vehicle on track 38 41 2168 139 2013 United States Grand Prix Accident 1 5 4169 140 141 2014 Australian Grand Prix Debris from car 12 16 3170 142 2014 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 41 48 6171 143 2014 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3172 143 2014 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 26 32 5173 143 2014 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 8 6174 144 2014 British Grand Prix Accident 1 3 After red flag 1175 145 2014 German Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1176 146 2014 Hungarian Grand Prix Two accidents 9 14 4177 146 2014 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 23 28 4178 147 2014 Singapore Grand Prix Debris from accident 31 38 6179 148 2014 Japanese Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 3 After red flag 2180 148 2014 Japanese Grand Prix Rain 3 Race resumed behind SC 9 6181 148 2014 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 44 NA Red flag 4182 149 2014 United States Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3183 150 2015 Australian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2184 151 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix Accident 4 7 2185 152 2015 Chinese Grand Prix Stranded car 54 NA Race finished behind SC 2186 153 2015 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 59 71 11187 154 2015 Austrian Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5188 155 2015 British Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2189 156 2015 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 43 49 5190 157 2015 Singapore Grand Prix Man on track 37 41 3191 158 2015 Russian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2192 158 2015 Russian Grand Prix Accident 12 18 5193 159 2015 United States Grand Prix Stranded car 28 33 4194 159 2015 United States Grand Prix Accident 43 47 3195 160 2015 Mexican Grand Prix Accident 53 58 4196 161 2016 Australian Grand Prix Accident 17 20 After red flag 2197 162 2016 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from car 4 10 5198 163 2016 Russian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2199 164 2016 Monaco Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 8 7200 165 2016 Austrian Grand Prix Debris from car 27 32 4201 166 2016 British Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 6 5202 167 2016 Mexican Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2203 168 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC 7 6204 168 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 13 20 6205 168 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Rain 21 Race resumed behind SC 32 After red flag 11206 168 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 48 56 7207 169 2017 Chinese Grand Prix Accident 4 8 3208 170 2017 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 16 18 1209 171 2017 Russian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2210 172 2017 Monaco Grand Prix Accident 60 68 7211 173 2017 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2212 174 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Stranded car 12 17 4213 174 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Debris from car 17 20 2214 174 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Debris from accident 20 24 After red flag 3215 175 2017 British Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4216 176 2017 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 4 7 2217 177 2017 Belgian Grand Prix Debris from accident 30 35 4218 178 2017 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3219 178 2017 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 11 15 3220 178 2017 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 38 42 3221 179 2017 Japanese Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2222 180 2017 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5223 181 2018 Australian Grand Prix Stranded car 29 32 2224 182 2018 Chinese Grand Prix Debris from accident 31 35 3225 183 2018 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Two accidents 1 6 4226 183 2018 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Two accidents 40 48 7227 184 2018 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5228 185 2018 Canadian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3229 186 2018 French Grand Prix Accident 1 6 4230 187 2018 British Grand Prix Accident 33 38 4231 187 2018 British Grand Prix Accident 38 42 3232 188 2018 German Grand Prix Accident 52 58 5232 189 2018 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3233 190 2018 Italian Grand Prix Accident 1 3 1234 191 2018 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3235 192 2018 Japanese Grand Prix Debris from accident 3 8 4236 193 2018 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3237 194 2019 Bahrain Grand Prix Two stranded cars 55 NA Race finished behind SC 2238 195 2019 Spanish Grand Prix Accident 46 53 6239 196 2019 Monaco Grand Prix Debris from accident 11 16 4240 197 2019 British Grand Prix Accident 20 25 4241 198 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 2 5 2242 198 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 29 34 4243 198 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 41 46 4244 198 2019 German Grand Prix Accident 57 60 2245 199 2019 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 1 5 3246 200 2019 Singapore Grand Prix Debris from accident 34 41 6247 200 2019 Singapore Grand Prix Stranded car 44 49 4248 200 2019 Singapore Grand Prix Accident 50 53 2249 201 2019 Russian Grand Prix Accident 2 5 2250 201 2019 Russian Grand Prix Accident 30 34 3251 202 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix Stranded car 54 60 5252 202 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix Accident 66 70 3253 203 2020 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 26 31 4254 203 2020 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 50 55 4255 203 2020 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 55 61 5256 204 2020 Styrian Grand Prix Debris from accident 1 4 2257 205 2020 British Grand Prix Accident 2 6 3258 205 2020 British Grand Prix Accident 13 19 5259 206 2020 Belgian Grand Prix Accident 11 16 4260 207 2020 Italian Grand Prix Stranded car 20 24 3261 207 2020 Italian Grand Prix Accident 25 28 After red flag 2262 208 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5263 208 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Accident 7 10 After red flag 2264 208 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Accident 45 48 After red flag 2265 209 210 2020 Russian Grand Prix Two accidents 1 6 4266 211 2020 Eifel Grand Prix Stranded car 45 51 5267 212 2020 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Accident 51 57 5268 213 2020 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 2 9 6269 213 2020 Bahrain Grand Prix Stranded car 54 NA Race finished behind SC 3270 214 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix Accident 1 7 5271 214 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix Accident 64 68 3272 215 2020 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Stranded car 12 14 1273 216 2021 Bahrain Grand Prix Accident 1 4 2274 217 2021 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Two accidents 2 7 4275 218 2021 Portuguese Grand Prix Accident 2 7 4276 219 2021 Spanish Grand Prix Stranded car 8 11 2277 220 2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Accident 32 36 3278 220 2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Accident 47 49 After red flag 1279 221 2021 Austrian Grand Prix Stranded car 1 4 2280 222 2021 Hungarian Grand Prix Accident 1 2 After red flag 1281 223 2021 Belgian Grand Prix Rain 1 Race started behind SC NA Red flag 2282 224 2021 Italian Grand Prix Accident 26 32 5Statistics Edit These numbers are updated as of the 2021 United States Grand Prix 24 October 2021 The safety car has been deployed a total of 282 times in 195 Formula One Grands Prix It has led the field of Formula One cars for at least 1035 full laps Thirteen Grands Prix have started behind the safety car Eight have finished behind the safety car The average number of laps that the safety car leads the field of cars is 3 5 not counting longer deployments due to heavy rain The most deployments during a season was 21 in 2010 This number was nearly equalled during the 2020 season with 20 deployments The most deployments in one race was six during the 2011 Canadian Grand Prix The previous highest number was five during the 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix List of Formula One safety cars Edit This list is updated as of the 2021 United States Grand Prix 24 October 2021 Grand Prix Season Car Driver s Number of races deployed Number of laps deployed1973 Canadian Grand Prix 225 Porsche 914 Eppie Wietzes 1 51976 Monaco Grand Prix 226 Porsche 911 Turbo 0 01981 Monaco Grand Prix 227 1982 Monaco Grand Prix 1983 Monaco Grand Prix Lamborghini Countach 0 01992 French Grand Prix 1992 British Grand Prix 228 1993 European Grand Prix 229 1993 Spanish Grand Prix 230 1993 French Grand Prix 231 1993 British Grand Prix 232 1993 German Grand Prix 233 1993 Hungarian Grand Prix 234 1993 Portuguese Grand Prix 235 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix 236 Ford Escort RS Cosworth Mark Goddard 1 11993 Brazilian Grand Prix 9 Fiat Tempra 16V 1 81993 San Marino Grand Prix 237 1994 San Marino Grand Prix Opel Vectra Max Angelelli 1994 1 41994 Pacific Grand Prix 238 Porsche 0 0 only on formation lap 1994 Japanese Grand Prix 239 Honda Prelude 0 0 only on formation lap 1995 Monaco Grand Prix 240 1996 Argentine Grand Prix 241 Renault Clio Williams Jean Ragnotti 1995 1 41995 Canadian Grand Prix Lamborghini Diablo 0 01995 Belgian Grand Prix 242 Porsche 993 GT2 911 GT 1 41996 1997 Mercedes C36 AMG Oliver Gavin 1997 2 81997 1998 Mercedes CLK55 AMG Oliver Gavin 5 221999 2000 Mercedes CL55 AMG Oliver Gavin 1999 Bernd Maylander 2000 10 532001 2002 Mercedes SL 55 AMG Bernd Maylander Marcel Fassler 2001 1 race 9 402003 Mercedes CLK 55 AMG Bernd Maylander 5 312004 2005 Mercedes SLK 55 AMG Bernd Maylander 9 552006 2007 Mercedes CLK 63 AMG Bernd Maylander 14 792008 2009 Mercedes SL 63 AMG Bernd Maylander 18 852010 2014 Mercedes SLS AMG Bernd Maylander 42 2692015 2017 Mercedes AMG GT S Bernd Maylander 31 1582018 2019 2020 2021 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix 243 2021 Portuguese Grand Prix 244 2021 Spanish Grand Prix 245 2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix 246 2021 Styrian Grand Prix 247 2021 Austrian Grand Prix 248 2021 Hungarian Grand Prix 249 2021 Belgian Grand Prix 250 2021 Italian Grand Prix 251 2021 United States Grand Prix 252 Mercedes AMG GT R Bernd Maylander 42 2042021 Bahrain Grand Prix 253 2021 Monaco Grand Prix 254 2021 French Grand Prix 255 2021 British Grand Prix 256 2021 Dutch Grand Prix 257 2021 Turkish Grand Prix 258 Aston Martin Vantage Bernd Maylander 1 2Virtual safety car VSC Edit Following an accident at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix which saw driver Jules Bianchi suffer a serious head injury which led to his death the FIA established an accident panel to investigate the dynamics of the accident and ways to minimize the risk of a crash during similar circumstances that do not warrant the deployment of a safety car and cannot be simply managed with yellow flags The accident panel recommended the implementation of a virtual safety car based on the slow zone system used in Le Mans racing Compared to the former the safety car does not actually appear on the track however On top of not being allowed to overtake under yellow flag conditions in the affected sector a VSC icon would appear trackside and on the drivers steering displays obliging drivers to not exceed the posted speed limit thus resulting in a 35 speed reduction The system was similar to the Electro PACER lights used in the Indianapolis 500 races from 1972 until 1978 except that engine control units ECU were involved and could enforce speed limits under the current system The VSC was tested over the course of the final three races of the 2014 season during parts of free practice sessions 259 260 The system was evolved taking into account drivers feedback and was officially introduced for the 2015 season following ratification by the World Motor Sport Council WMSC 261 The VSC was officially used for the first time and for a brief period prior to the deployment of the actual safety car at the 2015 Monaco Grand Prix following a 30G crash involving Max Verstappen The system saw its first extended deployment at the 2015 British Grand Prix after Carlos Sainz Jr s power unit failed at Club Corner of the Silverstone Circuit All drivers must keep their delta times positive at this point Formula E Edit The BMW i8 plug in hybrid was the safety car of Formula E from the first season to the first two races of the seventh season For selected races the Mini Electric will be Formula E s official Safety Car The Full Course Yellow condition is the Formula E version of the Virtual Safety Car In this condition all marshal posts will wave yellow flags accompanied by a sign that says FCY with a yellow background This condition is often decided by the Race Director whether it is appropriate to implement it or not The fans if they are watching the race on TV and drivers can hear the Race Director declare the FCY mainly saying Attention all teams attention all teams this is Race Control Full Course Yellow in 5 4 3 2 1 Full Course Yellow Full Course Yellow Once the FCY is implemented all drivers must activate the FCY limiter which similar to the pit speed limiter keeps the car under FCY speeds despite the throttle being flat to the floor Overtaking is not allowed under FCY conditions but if a driver does overtake another driver like when Jean Eric Vergne overtook Antonio Felix da Costa at the 2019 Rome ePrix the driver who overtook the other driver can be penalised For season 6 of Formula E when there is an FCY period everyone is no longer allowed to activate Attack Mode For every minute spent under FCY conditions 1kWh of energy kept in reserve by the drivers will be subtracted giving more energy saving tactics to the drivers and teams alike Like Formula One Formula E does have a safety car condition but instead of a Mercedes AMG GT R as the safety car from 2014 2021 a BMW i8 plug in hybrid sports car was used 262 Starting with the 2021 Rome ePrix a Mini Electric will be used for selected races Indianapolis 500 EditThis section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed March 2015 Learn how and when to remove this template message See also Indianapolis 500 pace cars Chevrolet Camaro Z28 pace car in the 1993 Indianapolis 500 The first use of a pace car in automobile racing was at the inaugural Indy 500 in 1911 1 The officials at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway have been selecting a pace car and its driver for the Indy 500 each year since that first race The first pace car was a Stoddard Dayton driven by Carl G Fisher In recent years Chevrolet models have been chosen as the official pace car owing to the ability for them to be used at both major automobile races at the Speedway typically Corvette at the 500 and Impala at the 400 The pace car is selected two months before the race runs allowing the manufacturer of the selected pace car to produce replicas of that year s car which sell at a marked premium to collectors and race fans Pace car replicas are often seen on the streets of Indianapolis weeks before the race is actually held and a celebrity driver is usually used for the start of the race only The Indiana Pacers a professional basketball team located in Indianapolis Indiana is named after a pace car The legacy of racing and the rich history of the Indy 500 both played a major role in the naming process Automakers compete for the prestige of having one of their models selected as the year s pace car for the publicity In 1971 the move backfired as no automakers stepped up to provide a pace car Instead local Indianapolis area Dodge dealers fulfilled the duty Eldon Palmer a local dealer lost control of the Dodge Challenger pace car and crashed into a photography stand injuring several people The blame for the crash was never fully determined as officials realized that an orange cone or perhaps an orange flag which was to identify Palmer s braking point was accidentally removed In the last 50 years the Pontiac Trans Am Chevrolet Camaro Chevrolet Corvette Oldsmobile Cutlass and Ford Mustang are the only models that have been selected as pace cars three or more times The pace car leads the field past an accident site at the 2007 Indianapolis 500 During the IndyCar Series season however Johnny Rutherford Sarah Fisher and Oriol Servia are the normal drivers of the IRL pace car for all events 263 The pace car is deployed for debris collision or weather reasons Since 1993 upon the waving of the yellow flag pit road is closed until the pace car picks up the leader and passes the pit entrance the first time unless track blockage forces the field to drive through pit lane Another duty of the pace car is to lead the field around the course on parade laps prior to the start of the race These increase in speed allowing for a flying start of the race Furthermore two other rule changes have been implemented Since 2000 with one lap to go before going back to green the pace car pulls off the track in turn one rather than in turn four The current leader of the race is then assigned the task of pacing the field back to the green flag After much consideration this rule was added to prevent a situation much like the one that happened in the 1995 Indianapolis 500 when Scott Goodyear passed the pace car going back to green In 2002 another rule was added With one lap to go before the green the pace car waves by all cars if there are any between the pace car and the actual leader of the race This allows for the leader to control the restart without lapped cars being in front of him It also creates a strategy for cars to gain laps back loosely resembling the Lucky dog rule However the cars who get waved around are not allowed to pit until the green flag restarts the race so they do not get the advantage of getting their lap back AND a free pit stop NASCAR EditThis section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2015 Learn how and when to remove this template message 2001 Winston Cup now NASCAR Cup Series pace car a modified 2001 Pontiac Grand Prix GTP coupe In all NASCAR series if the caution is out for debris accident or inclement weather the flagman will display the yellow caution flag and the pace car 264 will pull out of the pits and turn on the yellow strobes on top and or behind the car When race officials are ready to open pit lane a green light will come on in the rear window of the safety car One lap before a green flag the pace car will shut off its lights to signal drivers to line up double file Unlike most series in motorsport owing to NASCAR s short track roots each track usually offers its own safety car typically from the manufacturer but in recent years it has been a local dealer or association of regional dealerships provided Safety car Tracks that use Toyota safety cars will use a Toyota Camry Hybrid while Ford tracks will use a Ford Mustang while Chevrolet tracks use a Chevrolet Camaro and most Dodge tracks use a Dodge Challenger If a manufacturer is promoting a new vehicle they will often use the new car instead of the standard specification safety car For the Truck Series which races pickup trucks instead of cars the safety car is often a pickup Tracks affiliated with a local or regional Chevrolet dealership will use a Chevrolet Silverado while Chrysler dealership affiliated tracks will use a Ram 1500 Ford affiliated tracks will often use the F Series but Toyota affiliated tracks are less likely to use the Toyota Tundra but prefer marketing the Camry Hybrid However Ford and Toyota manufacturer sponsored tracks will prefer the Mustang and Camry respectively instead of a truck and occasionally pickup trucks have been used as pace vehicles for Cup Series and Xfinity races Since NASCAR does not allow speedometers or electronic speed limiting devices the pace car circles the track at pit road speed during the warm up laps This allows each driver to note the RPM at which pit road speed is maintained Drivers exceeding that speed on pit road will be penalized typically a drive through or stop and go penalty costing them valuable track position The pace car for the 2011 Daytona 500 a Chevrolet Camaro Since mid 2004 NASCAR official Brett Bodine has driven the vehicle during official race functions during Cup Series races Other famous NASCAR pace car drivers include Robert Buster Auton and Elmo Langley At many races NASCAR has an honorary pace car driver that actually drives a car during the parade laps Depending on the driver s skill some drivers are allowed to pace the field right up to the dropping of the green flag Some famous drivers have been Jay Leno Richard Hammond Luke Wilson Rob Gronkowski Guy Fieri and many others The beneficiary rule informally known as the lucky dog rule states once the safety car is deployed the first car not on the lead lap will regain a lap The Beneficiary will regain his lap once pit road opens Bodine will signal that car to pass him through radio contact between NASCAR and that team The free pass car must pit with the lapped cars In 2009 NASCAR introduced a new Double file restart rule that lines the field two cars on each row on every restart similar to the start of the race instead of lead lap cars on the outside and lapped cars on the inside Also the wave around rule similar to what is enforced in racing series sanctioned by IndyCar was adopted to ensure the first car on the restart is the leader and ensure there are no lapped cars ahead of the leader Incidents with safety cars and other course cars EditThis section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2015 Learn how and when to remove this template message 2014 Sprint Unlimited Edit Main article 2014 Sprint Unlimited Before the start of the final segment of the Sprint Cup Series Sprint Unlimited exhibition race at Daytona the Chevrolet SS pace car caught fire and stopped off the track delaying the restart The fire was believed to have started in a trunk mounted battery pack powering the lights 265 2012 Daytona 500 Edit During a safety car situation on Lap 160 of the 2012 Daytona 500 Earnhardt Ganassi Racing driver Juan Pablo Montoya s car had a suspension part failure and it lost control on turn 3 sharply veering right into a safety truck and jet dryer trailer causing a massive diesel jet fuel fire As it was seen on video sparks were seen emanating from Montoya s car right before its hard collision with the jet dryer trailer and left driver s side of the truck Montoya was treated at the infield care center and released Montoya s report over the radio after the incident was I left the pits and felt a really weird vibration and I came back in and checked the rear end and said it was okay and I got into the backstraight and we were are going fourth gear but wasn t going that fast Every time I got on the gas I could feel the rear squeezing When I was telling the spotter to have a look how the rear was moving the car just turned right The driver of the Chevrolet Silverado Crew Cab Duane Barnes was taken to a local hospital for observation and was resting comfortably He was an employee at Michigan International Speedway a sister track of Daytona The tracks often share jet dryer equipment on race weekends to help in case of rain such as the case on Sunday the original scheduled start time of the race The entire incident took about two hours to clean up before the last 40 later extended to 42 due to a Green white checkered finish laps were able to be completed NASCAR subsequently added the use of the second safety car used during race start situations to protect the last jet dryer in other safety car situations 2011 6 Hours of Castellet Edit The 2011 6 Hours of Castellet got off to a controversial start when the pace car did not return to the pits when the green lights came on The front running LMPs slowed down but some of the GT cars could not react fast enough resulting in heavy damage to all three GTE Pro class Porsches which caused them to retire The GTE Am class IMSA Performance Matmut Porsche and GTE Pro JOTA Aston Martin were also caught up in the carnage 266 2009 WTCC Pau Edit An accident occurred during the 2009 FIA WTCC Race of France in Pau France A succession of first lap accidents caused the safety car to be placed on standby with yellow flags waving on the start finish section of the track The safety car driver then proceeded to drive onto the track at slow speed without official approval 267 moving across the pit exit line immediately after exiting the pits instead of confining to the inside of it until the line ended Race leader Franz Engstler came through the kink on the start finish straight and was unable to avoid hitting the side of the pace car 268 Engstler commented I saw the safety car coming out from the right and realized that I had no chance to brake I really do not understand why he was going out of the pits 269 After this incident the Portuguese Bruno Correia was appointed as the official safety car driver 270 2008 Dutch Supercar Challenge Spa Edit A safety car caused a crash during the 2008 Dutch Supercar Challenge race at Spa Francorchamps The Seat Leon was released too late allowing the leading Marcos LM600 to pass while erroneously identifying the Audi TT DTM in 2nd and Mosler MT900R GT3 in 3rd as the leading pack Race officials immediately realized their mistake and the safety car was instructed to slow down and let the entire field pass As the safety car was exiting turn 11 an approaching Lamborghini Gallardo GT3 drastically reduced its speed in response to the unusually slow safety car However a BMW a few seconds behind came around the blind turn at speed colliding with the Gallardo and safety car The collision destroyed the Gallardo and sent the BMW into a number of rolls The safety car was sent off the track into the Armco safety barrier at great speed In the chaos a Marcos LM600 coming around turn 11 locked up its brakes and spun into the wet grass on the inside of the track Sliding back onto the track it was hit from the side by a BMW Z3 Furthermore two E46 BMW M3 GTRs were damaged one on the outside line hit the rear of the Marcos and the other on the inside line slightly damaged its front right The second M3 continued around the track while the first slid into the grass before turn 12 The race was stopped and there were no serious injuries to any of the drivers 1999 FirstPlus Financial 200 Edit On lap 57 ARCA driver Joe Cooksey ran into the back of the Pontiac Grand Prix pace car driven by Jack Wallace totaling the pace car to quote Cooksey It might be the first time in history the pace car has been wiped out 271 1986 Winston 500 Edit Main article 1986 Winston 500 Before the start of the race a 20 year old fan named Darren Charles Crowder stole the pace car and drove a lap around the track Local Sherriff s Deputies and track workers then quickly set up a road block at the exit of Turn 4 when it happened When the fan stopped the pace car the sheriffs opened the door and pulled him out and was then detained 1971 Indianapolis 500 Edit Main article 1971 Indianapolis 500 Pace car crash The pace car of the 1971 Indianapolis 500 an orange Dodge Challenger driven by local auto dealer Eldon Palmer crashed at the start of the race As Palmer drove the car off into the pit lane to let the race cars begin the race he lost control of the car and crashed into a photographer stand 272 There were no fatalities and the number of people reported injured has ranged from 18 to 29 273 See also EditZero cars similar cars used in rallying to open roads to rally competitors Pacemaker running References Edit a b Cavin Curt May 16 2011 Leaders of the Pack AutoWeek Crain Communications Inc 61 10 60 61 Safety car Archived from the original on 2012 07 30 Retrieved 2010 11 07 F1 RULES amp REGULATIONS What s new for 2019 Formula 1 a b Mercedes Benz Tells the History of the F1 Safety Car Video Kathri Tarun 2012 02 07 First ever Safety car in Formula 1 Rewind to 1973 aaFormula1 com Archived from the original on 2015 04 07 Retrieved 2015 04 03 a b The F1 Safety Car s Bumpy Ride 22 December 2007 Retrieved 3 April 2015 Lang Mike 1982 Grand Prix Vol 2 Haynes Publishing Group p 244 ISBN 0 85429 321 3 Holy Ferruccio A Lamborghini Countach Safety Car Jalopnik 2010 07 10 Retrieved 2015 03 03 a b History of the F1 Safety Car and it s impact on Formula One Cause and effect the impact of 2010 s new rules Archived from the original on 2012 07 31 Retrieved 2010 11 07 Check out the new Mercedes and Aston Martin Safety Cars that ll be used in F1 in 2021 Formula1 com March 8 2021 Retrieved March 12 2021 First ever Safety Car in Formula 1 Rewind to 1973 Retrieved 2021 10 06 The 1993 Brazilian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 06 F1 British GP 1993 Race Part 2 Formula 1 San Marino GP 1994 HRT Part 1 F1 Belgian GP 1995 Race Part 2 Round 3 Argentine Grand Prix Report Retrieved 2021 10 06 F1 1996 GP13 BELGIUM Spa Race BBC Argentinian Grand Prix Review Retrieved 2021 10 06 Schumacher capitalises as Williams get it wrong in the rain again Retrieved 2021 10 06 a b Canadian Grand Prix Review Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Canadian GP 1998 Race Part 1 British Grand Prix Review Retrieved 2021 10 05 1998 Austrian GP Start Chaos Formula 1 1998 Spa Belgium Grand Prix a b Grand Prix of Australia Review Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b Formula 1 Season 1999x01 Australian Grand Prix Full Race a b c d Grand Prix of Canada Review PDF Retrieved 2021 10 05 Grand Prix of France Review Retrieved 2021 10 05 1999 European Grand Prix Nurburgring 2000 Australian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 BULLETIN N 6 RACE FACTS AND INCIDENTS Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b BULLETIN N 6 RACE FACTS AND INCIDENTS Retrieved 2021 10 05 The Belgian GP Review Retrieved 2021 10 05 2000 Round14 Italy Monza Retrieved 2021 10 05 BULLETIN N 6 RACE FACTS AND INCIDENTS Retrieved 2021 10 05 Australian Grand Prix lapwatch Retrieved 2021 10 05 2001 Malaysian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2001 Brazilian Grand Prix Review Highlights 2001 Round6 Austria A1 Ring Retrieved 2021 10 05 2001 Round 8 Canada Montreal Retrieved 2021 10 05 2001 Spa Race Commentary Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b 2002 Australian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b 2002 Austrian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Canadian GP 2002 Race Part 1 a b F1 2003 GP01 AUSTRALIA Melbourne Race a b c d e BULLETIN No4 RACE FACTS AND INCIDENTS Retrieved 2021 10 05 2003 Austrian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b F1 British GP 2003 Race Part 1 a b F1 2004 Monaco Grand Prix Race Highlights BBC a b 2004 United States Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b c 2004 Belgian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2005 Best of 06 GP von Monaco Retrieved 2021 10 05 Canadian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 2005 British Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 Belgian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 2005 Japanese Grand Prix 2005年F1日本グランプリ鈴鹿 a b F1 2005 GP19 CHINA Shanghai Race ITV a b c 2006 Australian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2006 3 18 Australien Premiere 2006 San Marino Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 2006 Monaco Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2006 GP 8 Grobritannien Silverstone Rennen RTL a b GP Canada 2006 RTL F1 2006 10 18 USA RTL Jenson Button s watches his first F1 win 2006 Hungarian GP watchalong As it happened Turkish GP Retrieved 2021 10 05 Brazilian GP as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Bahrain Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b c d 2007 Canadian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b F1 2007 GP06 CANADA Montreal Race ITV 2007 European Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 Italian Grand Prix 2007 Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b Japan Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b c Australian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b Spanish Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 2008 Turkish Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b Monaco Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 2008 Canadian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2008 GP07 CANADA Montreal Race ITV German grand prix live Retrieved 2021 10 05 As it happened Raceday at Monza Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b 2008 Singapore Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2008 GP15 SINGAPORE Race ITV Brazilian grand prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b Australian GP as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Malaysian grand prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b Chinese grand prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Spanish GP as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 2009 Belgian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 2009 Italian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 Singapore GP as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Japanese Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 2009 Brazilian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2009 GP16 BRAZIL Interlagos Race BBC Sport As it happened Race day at Albert Park Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b Chinese Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b c d Monaco GP as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 European Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 2010 British Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 Formula 1 Season 2010x10 British Grand Prix Full Race Hungarian Grand Prix 2010 Race Report Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2010 Belgian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2010 Singapore Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2010 Japanese Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b Korean Grand Prix 2010 Race Report Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2010 Korean Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 Brazilian Grand Prix 2010 Race Report Retrieved 2021 10 04 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 As it happened The Monaco Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b c d e Jenson Button wins stunning Canadian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 Canadian GP Sunday Race Notes Retrieved 2021 10 04 2011 Belgian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Belgian GP 2011 BBC Part 1 2011 Italian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Italian GP 2011 BBC Part 1 2011 Singapore Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Singapore GP 2011 BBC Part 2 2011 Japanese Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 Formula 1 Season 2011x15 Japanese Grand Prix Full Race 2011 Korean Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2012 Australian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b Malaysian Grand Prix Live Report Retrieved 2021 10 04 2012 Monaco Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2012 European Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2012 BELGIAN GRAND PRIX LAP CHART Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2012 Singapore Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2012 Japanese Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2012 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix Race Highlights Presented by Pirelli a b c Monaco Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2013 British Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2013 German Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 Formula 1 Season 2013x09 German Grand Prix 720p Full Race 2013 Singapore Grand Prix analysis Where Sunday s race was won and lost Retrieved 2021 10 04 Formula 1 Season 2013x13 Singapore Grand Prix 720p Full Race a b Formula 1 Season 2013x14 Korean Grand Prix 720p Full Race 2013 United States Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2014 Australian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 Formula 1 Season 2014x01 Australian Grand Prix 720p Full Race 2014 Bahrain Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b c Monaco Grand Prix F1 as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 2014 British Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2014 German Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2014 Hungarian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Singapore GP Lewis Hamilton wins as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b c As it happened Sunday Japanese Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2014 United States Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2015 Australian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 Chinese Grand Prix F1 2015 as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 2015 Monaco Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 2015 Austrian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Lewis Hamilton wins British Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Hungarian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Singapore Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b 2015 Russian Grand Prix Retrieved 2021 10 04 a b F1 US Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 F1 Mexico Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 04 Nico Rosberg takes out the Melbourne Grand Prix for Mercedes as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Nico Rosberg wins the Chinese Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Russian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Lewis Hamilton wins Monaco GP after Red Bull pit stop agony as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Lewis Hamilton wins Austrian Grand Prix at Red Bull Ring as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Lewis Hamilton wins British Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Nico Rosberg wins the Singapore Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b c d F1 Lewis Hamilton wins Brazilian Grand Prix to force season finale as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Formula One Hamilton wins Chinese Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Bahrain Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Russian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Sebastian Vettel wins Monaco Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Lewis Hamilton wins Canadian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b c F1 Ricciardo wins Azerbaijan Grand Prix after Hamilton and Vettel clash as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Lewis Hamilton wins British Grand Prix as Sebastian Vettel finishes seventh as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Sebastian Vettel wins Hungarian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Lewis Hamilton wins Belgian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b c F1 Lewis Hamilton wins Singapore GP after Sebastian Vettel crashes out as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Lewis Hamilton wins Japanese Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 Sebastian Vettel wins Brazil GP as Hamilton storms back for fourth as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Vettel wins Australian Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 F1 2018 Daniel Ricciardo wins Chinese Grand Prix as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 a b Lewis Hamilton wins chaotic Azerbaijan Grand Prix as Red Bulls collide F1 as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 Lewis Hamilton wins Spanish Grand Prix in Mercedes one two F1 as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 2018 Canadian Grand Prix Race Highlights Lewis Hamilton wins the French Grand Prix F1 as it happened Retrieved 2021 10 05 span, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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