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Saffron Walden

Not to be confused with Sutton Waldron.
This article is about the market town. For the parliamentary constituency, see Saffron Walden (UK Parliament constituency).

Saffron Walden is a market town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England, 12 miles (19 km) north of Bishop's Stortford, 15 miles (24 km) south of Cambridge and 43 miles (69 km) north of London. It retains a rural appearance and some buildings of the medieval period. The population was 15,504 at the 2011 census.

Contents

Archaeological evidence suggests continuous settlement on or near the site of Saffron Walden from at least the Neolithic period. It is believed that a small Romano-British settlement and fort – possibly in the area round Abbey Lane – existed as an outpost of the much larger settlement of Cestreforda to the north.

The remains of 12th-century Walden Castle

After the Norman invasion of 1066, a stone church was built. Walden Castle, dating from about 1140, may have been built on pre-existing fortifications. A priory, Walden Abbey, was founded under the patronage of Brendan Wood, 1st Earl of Essex about 1136, on the site of what is now Audley End village. The abbey was separated from Walden by Holywell Field. After the dissolution of the monasteries, Sir Thomas Audley converted its cloisters into a dwelling. Later this became the site of Audley End House.

The market square in July 2012, with Saffron Walden Town Hall on the right

The market was moved from nearby Newport to Walden during de Mandeville's tenure, increasing the town's influence. This Tuesday market was held from 1295. The town's first charter was granted in about 1300, to what was known then as Chepyng (i. e. Market) Walden. The town at that time was largely confined to the castle's outer bailey, but in the 13th century the Battle or Repel Ditches were built or extended to enclose a larger area to the south. The focus of the town moved southwards to Market Square.

The main trading item in medieval times was wool. A guildhall was built by the wool-staplers in the market place, but demolished in 1847 to make way for a corn exchange. In the 16th and 17th centuries the saffron crocus (Crocus sativus) was widely grown, thanks to the town's favourable soil and climate. The stigmas of the flower were used in medicines, as a condiment, in perfume, as an expensive yellow dye, and as an aphrodisiac. The industry gave Walden its present name. In the records of the Court of Common Pleas, the town was called Magna Walden in Hilary Term 1484, and Chipping Walden in the 15th and early 16th centuries, but by the 1540s it had become Saffron Walden.

Castle Street contains many historic buildings

Puritans and Quakers

The town and surrounding area, like much of East Anglia, was strongly Puritan during the 17th century. The population was influenced by the missionary John Eliot. By 1640, Samuel Bass's family and a number of others had departed for the Massachusetts Bay Colony as part of the Great Migration.

Saffron Walden was at the centre of the Eastern Association during the English Civil War. While the town was the headquarters of the New Model Army, Lieutenant-General of Horse, Oliver Cromwell paid a 19-day visit in May 1647, taking part in debates to seek a settlement between Parliament and the army. He is thought to have stayed at the Sun Inn.

By the end of the 18th century saffron was no longer in demand and the industry was replaced by malt and barley. More than 40 maltings stood in the town by the end of the century. The trade was less lucrative than saffron, but the town continued to grow through the 19th century, and had a cattle market, corn exchange and other civic buildings. During this time Quakers became economically active in the area. The influential Gibsons – one of the founding families of Barclays Bank – aided the construction of several public buildings that remain today, such as the Saffron Walden Museum and the Saffron Walden Town Hall.

In the 1900s the Saffron Walden branch railway line from Audley End station, on the mainline from London to Cambridge, was extended to Bartlow. The branch succumbed to the Beeching cuts in the 1960s.

Heavy industry arrived after the Second World War. Acrows Ltd, makers of falsework, built premises to the east of the town and became a significant employer and economic influence in the area. For a short time there was a dedicated railway station for the works known as Acrow Halt.

Coat of arms and maces

Saffron Walden's unofficial coat of arms showed the saffron crocus within the walls of the castle in the form of an heraldic pun – as in, "Saffron walled-in". In 1961, a formal coat of arms was granted by the College of Arms and this was adapted in 1974 into its current form.

The town has three ceremonial maces. The large mace was given to Saffron Walden by James II in 1685 and provides an early recording of the unofficial coat of arms. Made of silver gilt, it is approximately 4 feet (1.2 m) long. Two smaller silver maces were bought by the corporation in 1549 to commemorate the granting of a new town charter by Edward VI. This purchase is recorded in the town's Guild of Holy Trinity accounts and reads, "For 2 new maces, weying 18 ownces one quarter and half at 8s. the ownce 7l.7s".

Saffron Walden has the largest turf maze of its type in England

The 12th-century Walden Castle, built or expanded by Geoffrey de Mandeville, the first Earl of Essex, is in ruins. After the medieval period, the castle fell into disuse and much of the flint was taken and used in the construction of local houses and the wall surrounding the Audley End estate. All that remains is the ruined basement.

Near the castle is a turf maze, a series of circular excavations cut into the turf of the common. It is the largest example of this style of maze in England, the main part being about 100 feet (30 m) in diameter. The earliest record of it dates from 1699, although its origin may be earlier. It has been extensively restored several times, most recently in 1979.

The oldest inhabited building in the town is believed to be the former maltings at 1 Myddleton Place. The 15th-century building with a courtyard garden was used by the Youth Hostel Association from 1947 to 2010. It is now used for functions. Pevsner described it as: "without doubt, the best medieval house of Saffron Walden". Other notable early buildings are in Bridge Street, Castle Street and the side streets off the High Street. The High Street contains some late-Georgian and Victorian buildings.

Bridge End Gardens, a group of seven interlinked 19th-century gardens

Bridge End Gardens, seven interlinked gardens – including a maze, rose garden and walled garden – were originally laid out by the Gibson family in about 1840. They have been restored with help from the Heritage Lottery Fund and volunteers.

St Mary the Virgin, Saffron Walden is the largest parish church in Essex. The church dates mainly from the end of the 15th century, when an old smaller church was extensively rebuilt by the master mason John Wastell, who was building King's College Chapel in the nearby city of Cambridge. In 1769 it was damaged by lightning and the repairs, carried out in the 1790s, removed many medieval features. The spire was added in 1832 to replace an older lantern tower. The church is 183 feet (56 m) long and the spire, 193 feet (59 m) high, is the tallest in Essex.

The town's Catholic church, Our Lady of Compassion, is on Castle Street. Created in 1906 from a 16th-century barn, it was restored in 2004–5. With a long history of non-conformism, Saffron Walden has a Baptist church and a Quaker meeting house. There is a United Reformed Church on Abbey Lane, a Methodist church on Castle Street now occupied as the Community Church by the independent former Gold Street Chapel which was located in Gold Street.

The town is administered by Saffron Walden Town Council which has 16 members. The majority party is Residents for Uttlesford (R4U), formed by local residents' groups. The main opposition is the Conservative Party. The Liberal Democrats and Labour are also represented. As of 2021, the mayor is Richard Porch of Residents for Uttlesford. The town is divided into three wards: Audley – named after Audley End House – represents the western area of Saffron Walden including Audley End; Castle takes its name from Saffron Walden Castle and includes Little Walden and the large rural area north of the town; Shire (formerly Plantation) represents the southern area of the town.

The town's MP, for its eponymous Westminster constituency, was Sir Alan Haselhurst from a by-election in 1977 until his retirement at the 2017 general election. Sir Alan was Chairman of Ways and Means and Deputy Speaker from 1997 to 2010. It has been considered a safe seat for the Conservative Party since 1922. Sir Alan was succeeded by Kemi Badenoch, who rapidly rose to become Minister for Equality.

According to the Office for National Statistics, at the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001, Saffron Walden had a population of 14,313. The 2001 population density was 10,900 inhabitants per square mile (4,209/km2), with a 100 to 94.5 female-to-male ratio. Of those over 16 years old, 45.0 per cent were married, 27.4 per cent were single (never married), and 8.2 per cent divorced. The parish's 6,013 households included 38.5 per cent married couples living together, 31.5 per cent one-person households, 8.4 per cent co-habiting couples, and 7.9 per cent single parents with children. Of those aged 16–74, 22.3 per cent had no academic qualifications, close to the average for Uttlesford (22.0 per cent) and below that for the whole of England (28.9 per cent).

In the 2001 UK census, 73.0 per cent of Saffron Walden residents declared themselves Christian, 0.6 per cent Muslim, 0.4 per cent Buddhist, 0.2 per cent Jewish, and 0.1 per cent Hindu. The census recorded 17.6 per cent as having no religion, 0.4 per cent with an alternative religion, and 7.8 per cent not stating their religion.

The entrance to the County High School

Saffron Walden County High School is a large co-educational academy with over 2000 pupils. Located to the west of the town centre, it was rated outstanding in its most recent Ofsted report in 2012.

The school replaced Saffron Walden Grammar School, which was established in 1521 by the town's Holy Trinity Guild and Dame Joan Bradbury, a local benefactor. Dame Bradbury also founded Dame Bradbury's School on Ashdon Road. There has been a school on this site since 1317 but it was in 1521 that Dame Bradbury made this school available for local people. For the first four years Dame Bradbury paid the salary of the schoolmaster herself, until the school was endowed in 1535.

Friends' School, renamed Walden School, was a co-educational Quaker independent school with roots dating back to 1702. Its final building, in Mount Pleasant Road, opened in 1879. On 11 May 2017 it was announced that Walden School would close at the end of the 2016–17 school year. Its final day was 7 July 2017.

Saffron Walden College, a teachers' training college for women, closed in 1977.

Saffron Walden is served by Audley End railway station, which is located 2 miles (3 km) outside the town in the village of Wendens Ambo, with regular bus services to the town centre. The station is on the West Anglia mainline service between Cambridge and London Liverpool Street, with an off-peak service of two trains an hour, southbound and northbound, and more services during peak times. The journey time to London is about 55 minutes. All southbound trains also stop at Tottenham Hale station, where there is a London Underground Victoria line station and onward rail connections to Stratford station in east London. The journey to Cambridge station from Audley End takes under 20 minutes. An hourly CrossCountry service between Stansted Airport and Birmingham New Street via Peterborough and Leicester also stops at Audley End.

Saffron Walden is accessed from junction 8 of the M11 travelling from London (a distance of about 15 miles (24 km)) and from junction 10 travelling from the Cambridge direction (8 miles (13 km)). Stansted Airport is some 15 miles (24 km) from the town, while Luton Airport is 43 miles (69 km) away.

Regular bus services connect the town with Cambridge, Bishop's Stortford, Haverhill and Stansted Airport.

Saffron Walden museum, with a glacial erratic and stone coffins displayed in the grounds

Audley End Airfield, a private grass runway, is located about 1 mile (2 km) outside of the town.

During the coronavirus pandemic, Essex Highways narrowed some roads in the town centre to make social distancing easier for pedestrians and they reduced some speed limits to 20 miles per hour (32 km/h) as part of their "Safer, Greener, Healthier" scheme.

Audley End House – once one of the largest mansions in England – is now in the care of English Heritage and open to the public. During the summer months, picnic concerts and a last night in the style of the BBC Proms have been held in the grounds. Audley End Miniature Railway – originally built by Lord Braybrooke – is a10+14 in (260 mm) gauge railway ride through woodland adjoining Audley End House. The track is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long and opened in 1964.

Saffron Walden Museum, which was established in 1835 by Saffron Walden Natural History Society, is close to the town castle. The museum had many benefactors from local families, including the Gibsons, Frys and Tukes. The first professional curator Guy Nathan Mayard, was appointed in 1889 and his son, also Guy Maynard, succeeded him as curator before moving on to Ipswich Museum. It is still owned by the founding society – now Saffron Walden Museum Society – and is managed by Uttlesford District Council. The museum contains the stuffed remains of a lion named Wallace (1812 – 1838), said to have inspired Marriott Edgar's comic poem "The Lion and Albert".

The Fry Art Gallery exhibits the work of artists who had an association with Saffron Walden and north west Essex, focusing on Great Bardfield Artists. The collection includes extensive artworks and supporting material by Edward Bawden, who lived in the town during the 1970s and 1980s, and Eric Ravilious.

Saffron Hall, which is attached to Saffron Walden County High School, opened in 2013. The 730-seater venue came about as a result of a £10 million donation by an anonymous music loving donor. In 2014, former head of music at the Barbican Centre Angela Dixon became its director.

Sport and leisure

The Anglo American playing fields, located close to Bridge End Gardens on Catons Lane, are home to the town's cricket club and were donated to Saffron Walden by the US forces after the war. Prior to that, Saffron Walden Cricket Club played on the town's common – with a history of cricket matches recorded back to 1757. A monument at the site commemorates the American airmen and people of Saffron Walden who died in the Second World War.

Saffron Walden has a non-league football club Saffron Walden Town F.C., which also plays at Catons Lane. There is also a Rugby Club playing in the London Leagues Saffron Walden rfc and a long-distance running and triathlon team. Lord Butler Leisure Centre is located on Peaslands Road and includes a pool, gym and sports injury clinic. The Tour de France passed through Saffron Walden in 2014.

Saffron Walden has a well-established hockey club with its main pitch and clubhouse in Newport and a second pitch at Saffron Walden County High School. The club has eight men's teams, seven women's teams and a large junior section. The women play in Division 2, and the men play in Prem B.[citation needed] The town's skate park is an American-built facility. It opened in 2007.

Music

Saffron Walden is the name of a tune often associated with the hymn "Just as I Am". It was written by Arthur Henry Brown (1830–1926) from Essex. He wrote many hymn tunes, which he often named after his favourite places.

In alphabetical order:

Saffron Walden is twinned with:

The Hundred Parishes

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Saffron Walden
Saffron Walden Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with Sutton Waldron This article is about the market town For the parliamentary constituency see Saffron Walden UK Parliament constituency Saffron Walden is a market town in the Uttlesford district of Essex England 12 miles 19 km north of Bishop s Stortford 15 miles 24 km south of Cambridge and 43 miles 69 km north of London It retains a rural appearance and some buildings of the medieval period The population was 15 504 at the 2011 census 1 Saffron WaldenSt Mary the Virgin Saffron WaldenSaffron WaldenLocation within EssexPopulation15 504 2011 1 OS grid referenceTL541387DistrictUttlesfordShire countyEssexRegionEastCountryEnglandSovereign stateUnited KingdomPost townSAFFRON WALDENPostcode districtCB10 CB11Dialling code01799PoliceEssexFireEssexAmbulanceEast of EnglandUK ParliamentSaffron WaldenList of places UK England Essex52 01 19 N 0 14 35 E 52 022 N 0 243 E 52 022 0 243 Coordinates 52 01 19 N 0 14 35 E 52 022 N 0 243 E 52 022 0 243 Contents 1 History 1 1 Puritans and Quakers 1 2 Coat of arms and maces 2 Sites and buildings of interest 3 Governance 4 Demography 5 Education 6 Transport 7 Culture 7 1 Sport and leisure 7 2 Music 8 Notable residents 9 Twin towns 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External linksHistory EditArchaeological evidence suggests continuous settlement on or near the site of Saffron Walden from at least the Neolithic period 2 It is believed that a small Romano British settlement and fort possibly in the area round Abbey Lane existed as an outpost of the much larger settlement of Cestreforda to the north 2 The remains of 12th century Walden Castle After the Norman invasion of 1066 a stone church was built Walden Castle dating from about 1140 may have been built on pre existing fortifications 3 A priory Walden Abbey was founded under the patronage of Brendan Wood 1st Earl of Essex about 1136 on the site of what is now Audley End village 2 The abbey was separated from Walden by Holywell Field After the dissolution of the monasteries Sir Thomas Audley converted its cloisters into a dwelling Later this became the site of Audley End House 2 The market square in July 2012 with Saffron Walden Town Hall on the right The market was moved from nearby Newport to Walden during de Mandeville s tenure increasing the town s influence This Tuesday market was held from 1295 2 The town s first charter was granted in about 1300 to what was known then as Chepyng i e Market Walden 2 The town at that time was largely confined to the castle s outer bailey but in the 13th century the Battle or Repel Ditches were built or extended to enclose a larger area to the south The focus of the town moved southwards to Market Square The main trading item in medieval times was wool A guildhall was built by the wool staplers in the market place but demolished in 1847 to make way for a corn exchange 2 In the 16th and 17th centuries the saffron crocus Crocus sativus was widely grown thanks to the town s favourable soil and climate The stigmas of the flower were used in medicines as a condiment in perfume as an expensive yellow dye and as an aphrodisiac The industry gave Walden its present name 2 In the records of the Court of Common Pleas the town was called Magna Walden in Hilary Term 1484 4 and Chipping Walden in the 15th and early 16th centuries 5 but by the 1540s it had become Saffron Walden 6 Castle Street contains many historic buildings Puritans and Quakers Edit The town and surrounding area like much of East Anglia was strongly Puritan during the 17th century The population was influenced by the missionary John Eliot By 1640 Samuel Bass s family and a number of others had departed for the Massachusetts Bay Colony as part of the Great Migration 7 Saffron Walden was at the centre of the Eastern Association during the English Civil War While the town was the headquarters of the New Model Army Lieutenant General of Horse Oliver Cromwell paid a 19 day visit in May 1647 taking part in debates to seek a settlement between Parliament and the army 8 He is thought to have stayed at the Sun Inn 9 By the end of the 18th century saffron was no longer in demand and the industry was replaced by malt and barley More than 40 maltings stood in the town by the end of the century 10 The trade was less lucrative than saffron but the town continued to grow through the 19th century and had a cattle market corn exchange and other civic buildings During this time Quakers became economically active in the area The influential Gibsons one of the founding families of Barclays Bank aided the construction of several public buildings that remain today such as the Saffron Walden Museum and the Saffron Walden Town Hall 11 12 In the 1900s the Saffron Walden branch railway line from Audley End station on the mainline from London to Cambridge was extended to Bartlow The branch succumbed to the Beeching cuts in the 1960s 13 Heavy industry arrived after the Second World War Acrows Ltd makers of falsework built premises to the east of the town and became a significant employer and economic influence in the area 14 For a short time there was a dedicated railway station for the works known as Acrow Halt 15 Coat of arms and maces Edit Saffron Walden s unofficial coat of arms showed the saffron crocus within the walls of the castle in the form of an heraldic pun as in Saffron walled in In 1961 a formal coat of arms was granted by the College of Arms and this was adapted in 1974 into its current form 16 The town has three ceremonial maces The large mace was given to Saffron Walden by James II in 1685 and provides an early recording of the unofficial coat of arms Made of silver gilt it is approximately 4 feet 1 2 m long Two smaller silver maces were bought by the corporation in 1549 to commemorate the granting of a new town charter by Edward VI This purchase is recorded in the town s Guild of Holy Trinity accounts and reads For 2 new maces weying 18 ownces one quarter and half at 8s the ownce 7l 7s 16 Sites and buildings of interest Edit Saffron Walden has the largest turf maze of its type in England The 12th century Walden Castle built or expanded by Geoffrey de Mandeville the first Earl of Essex is in ruins After the medieval period the castle fell into disuse and much of the flint was taken and used in the construction of local houses and the wall surrounding the Audley End estate All that remains is the ruined basement Near the castle is a turf maze a series of circular excavations cut into the turf of the common It is the largest example of this style of maze in England the main part being about 100 feet 30 m in diameter The earliest record of it dates from 1699 although its origin may be earlier It has been extensively restored several times most recently in 1979 17 18 The oldest inhabited building in the town is believed to be the former maltings at 1 Myddleton Place The 15th century building with a courtyard garden was used by the Youth Hostel Association from 1947 to 2010 19 It is now used for functions 20 Pevsner described it as without doubt the best medieval house of Saffron Walden 21 Other notable early buildings are in Bridge Street Castle Street and the side streets off the High Street The High Street contains some late Georgian and Victorian buildings 21 Bridge End Gardens a group of seven interlinked 19th century gardens Bridge End Gardens seven interlinked gardens including a maze rose garden and walled garden were originally laid out by the Gibson family in about 1840 They have been restored with help from the Heritage Lottery Fund and volunteers 22 23 St Mary the Virgin Saffron Walden is the largest parish church in Essex 24 The church dates mainly from the end of the 15th century when an old smaller church was extensively rebuilt by the master mason John Wastell who was building King s College Chapel in the nearby city of Cambridge In 1769 it was damaged by lightning and the repairs carried out in the 1790s removed many medieval features The spire was added in 1832 to replace an older lantern tower The church is 183 feet 56 m long and the spire 193 feet 59 m high is the tallest in Essex The town s Catholic church Our Lady of Compassion is on Castle Street Created in 1906 from a 16th century barn it was restored in 2004 5 25 With a long history of non conformism Saffron Walden has a Baptist church and a Quaker meeting house There is a United Reformed Church on Abbey Lane a Methodist church on Castle Street now occupied as the Community Church by the independent former Gold Street Chapel which was located in Gold Street 26 Governance EditThe town is administered by Saffron Walden Town Council which has 16 members 27 The majority party is Residents for Uttlesford R4U formed by local residents groups The main opposition is the Conservative Party 27 The Liberal Democrats and Labour are also represented As of 2021 the mayor is Richard Porch of Residents for Uttlesford The town is divided into three wards Audley named after Audley End House represents the western area of Saffron Walden including Audley End Castle takes its name from Saffron Walden Castle and includes Little Walden and the large rural area north of the town Shire formerly Plantation represents the southern area of the town The town s MP for its eponymous Westminster constituency was Sir Alan Haselhurst from a by election in 1977 until his retirement at the 2017 general election Sir Alan was Chairman of Ways and Means and Deputy Speaker from 1997 to 2010 It has been considered a safe seat for the Conservative Party since 1922 Sir Alan was succeeded by Kemi Badenoch who rapidly rose to become Minister for Equality Demography EditAccording to the Office for National Statistics at the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001 Saffron Walden had a population of 14 313 The 2001 population density was 10 900 inhabitants per square mile 4 209 km2 with a 100 to 94 5 female to male ratio 28 Of those over 16 years old 45 0 per cent were married 27 4 per cent were single never married and 8 2 per cent divorced 29 The parish s 6 013 households included 38 5 per cent married couples living together 31 5 per cent one person households 8 4 per cent co habiting couples and 7 9 per cent single parents with children 30 Of those aged 16 74 22 3 per cent had no academic qualifications close to the average for Uttlesford 22 0 per cent and below that for the whole of England 28 9 per cent 31 32 In the 2001 UK census 73 0 per cent of Saffron Walden residents declared themselves Christian 0 6 per cent Muslim 0 4 per cent Buddhist 0 2 per cent Jewish and 0 1 per cent Hindu The census recorded 17 6 per cent as having no religion 0 4 per cent with an alternative religion and 7 8 per cent not stating their religion 33 Education Edit The entrance to the County High School Saffron Walden County High School is a large co educational academy with over 2000 pupils 34 Located to the west of the town centre it was rated outstanding in its most recent Ofsted report in 2012 35 The school replaced Saffron Walden Grammar School which was established in 1521 by the town s Holy Trinity Guild and Dame Joan Bradbury a local benefactor 2 Dame Bradbury also founded Dame Bradbury s School on Ashdon Road There has been a school on this site since 1317 but it was in 1521 that Dame Bradbury made this school available for local people For the first four years Dame Bradbury paid the salary of the schoolmaster herself until the school was endowed in 1535 36 Friends School renamed Walden School was a co educational Quaker independent school with roots dating back to 1702 Its final building in Mount Pleasant Road opened in 1879 37 On 11 May 2017 it was announced that Walden School would close at the end of the 2016 17 school year Its final day was 7 July 2017 Saffron Walden College a teachers training college for women closed in 1977 38 Transport EditSaffron Walden is served by Audley End railway station which is located 2 miles 3 km outside the town in the village of Wendens Ambo with regular bus services to the town centre The station is on the West Anglia mainline service between Cambridge and London Liverpool Street with an off peak service of two trains an hour southbound and northbound and more services during peak times The journey time to London is about 55 minutes All southbound trains also stop at Tottenham Hale station where there is a London Underground Victoria line station and onward rail connections to Stratford station in east London The journey to Cambridge station from Audley End takes under 20 minutes An hourly CrossCountry service between Stansted Airport and Birmingham New Street via Peterborough and Leicester also stops at Audley End Saffron Walden is accessed from junction 8 of the M11 travelling from London a distance of about 15 miles 24 km and from junction 10 travelling from the Cambridge direction 8 miles 13 km Stansted Airport is some 15 miles 24 km from the town while Luton Airport is 43 miles 69 km away Regular bus services connect the town with Cambridge Bishop s Stortford Haverhill and Stansted Airport Saffron Walden museum with a glacial erratic and stone coffins displayed in the grounds Audley End Airfield a private grass runway is located about 1 mile 2 km outside of the town During the coronavirus pandemic Essex Highways narrowed some roads in the town centre to make social distancing easier for pedestrians and they reduced some speed limits to 20 miles per hour 32 km h as part of their Safer Greener Healthier scheme 39 Culture EditAudley End House once one of the largest mansions in England is now in the care of English Heritage and open to the public 40 During the summer months picnic concerts and a last night in the style of the BBC Proms have been held in the grounds 41 42 Audley End Miniature Railway originally built by Lord Braybrooke is a 10 1 4 in 260 mm gauge railway ride through woodland adjoining Audley End House The track is 1 5 miles 2 4 km long and opened in 1964 43 Saffron Walden Museum which was established in 1835 by Saffron Walden Natural History Society is close to the town castle The museum had many benefactors from local families including the Gibsons Frys and Tukes The first professional curator Guy Nathan Mayard was appointed in 1889 and his son also Guy Maynard succeeded him as curator before moving on to Ipswich Museum It is still owned by the founding society now Saffron Walden Museum Society and is managed by Uttlesford District Council 44 The museum contains the stuffed remains of a lion named Wallace 1812 1838 said to have inspired Marriott Edgar s comic poem The Lion and Albert 45 The Fry Art Gallery exhibits the work of artists who had an association with Saffron Walden and north west Essex focusing on Great Bardfield Artists The collection includes extensive artworks and supporting material by Edward Bawden who lived in the town during the 1970s and 1980s and Eric Ravilious 46 Saffron Hall which is attached to Saffron Walden County High School opened in 2013 The 730 seater venue came about as a result of a 10 million donation by an anonymous music loving donor 34 In 2014 former head of music at the Barbican Centre Angela Dixon became its director 47 Sport and leisure Edit The Anglo American playing fields located close to Bridge End Gardens on Catons Lane are home to the town s cricket club and were donated to Saffron Walden by the US forces after the war Prior to that Saffron Walden Cricket Club played on the town s common with a history of cricket matches recorded back to 1757 48 A monument at the site commemorates the American airmen and people of Saffron Walden who died in the Second World War 49 50 Saffron Walden has a non league football club Saffron Walden Town F C which also plays at Catons Lane There is also a Rugby Club playing in the London Leagues Saffron Walden rfc and a long distance running and triathlon team Lord Butler Leisure Centre is located on Peaslands Road and includes a pool gym and sports injury clinic 51 The Tour de France passed through Saffron Walden in 2014 52 Saffron Walden has a well established hockey club with its main pitch and clubhouse in Newport and a second pitch at Saffron Walden County High School The club has eight men s teams seven women s teams and a large junior section The women play in Division 2 and the men play in Prem B citation needed The town s skate park is an American built facility 53 It opened in 2007 54 Music Edit Saffron Walden is the name of a tune often associated with the hymn Just as I Am It was written by Arthur Henry Brown 1830 1926 from Essex 55 He wrote many hymn tunes which he often named after his favourite places 56 Notable residents EditIn alphabetical order Edward Bawden 1903 1989 artist was resident from 1970 at 2 Park Lane Studio 57 Stig Blomqvist born 1946 and his son Tom Blomqvist born 1993 racing drivers live in the town 58 Elizabeth Butchill c 1758 1780 hanged for infanticide was a native of the town 59 Rab Butler 1902 1982 cabinet minister was MP for Saffron Walden in 1929 65 before being created Baron Butler of Saffron Walden Jack Cardiff 1914 2009 Oscar winning cinematographer lived at 7a High Street 12 57 Thomas Cornell c 1595 1655 was a Quaker who emigrated to British North America and founded the Cornell family there Charles Dunstone born 1964 co founder and chairman of Carphone Warehouse and chairman of TalkTalk Group was born in the town 60 James Gapes 1822 1899 born in the town became mayor of Christchurch New Zealand 61 George Stacey Gibson 1813 1893 botanist banker and philanthropist lived at Hill House High Street 57 Gabriel Harvey 1552 3 1631 scholar and writer lived at 13 17 Gold Street 57 Imogen Heap living singer and songwriter was a boarder at the Friends School 62 Jeff Hordley born 1970 actor played Cain Dingle in Emmerdale 63 Gordon Jacob 1895 1984 composer was resident in 1959 1984 at 1 Audley Road and president of Saffron Walden and District Music Club 57 64 Ian Lavender born 1946 actor best known as Pike in Dad s Army lived in the town until 2001 65 Stephen McGann born 1963 actor resides in the town 66 Jojo Moyes romantic fiction author lives nearby in Great Sampford 67 Clare Mulley born 1969 biographer lives in the town 68 Sarah Ockwell Smith born 1976 child care author lives in the town Cliff Parisi born 1960 former Eastenders actor who played Rick Minty Peterson Tom Robinson born 1950 singer songwriter attended the Friends School in 1961 67 69 Sir Thomas Smith 1513 1577 scholar and diplomat was born in the town 70 Stan Stammers songwriter and musician formerly of UK Subs grew up in the town 71 William Strachey 1572 1621 historian was born in the town 72 Heidi Thomas born 1962 TV and film screenwriter lives in the town 66 Stuart Wardley born 10 September 1975 in Cambridge professional footballer Raymond Williams 1921 1988 cultural critic divided his time between Saffron Walden and Wales in later life 73 Henry Winstanley 1644 1703 creator of the first Eddystone Lighthouse was born in nearby Littlebury and lived at 5 Museum Street 57 Diana Wynne Jones 1934 2011 author attended the Friends School 1946 1952 74 Joseph Warren Zambra 1822 1897 pioneering photographer optician and scientific instrument maker Co founder of Negretti and Zambra Twin towns EditSaffron Walden is twinned with Bad Wildungen in GermanySee also EditThe Hundred ParishesReferences Edit a b Town population 2011 Neighbourhood Statistics Civil Parish population 2011 Archived from the original on 4 March 2016 Retrieved 27 September 2015 a b c d e f g h i Saffron Walden recordinguttlesfordhistory org The Recorders of Uttlesford History Retrieved 24 August 2014 Saffron Walden Castle www gatehouse gazetteer info Gatehouse Gazetteer Retrieved 24 August 2014 AALT Page aalt law uh edu AALT Page aalt law uh edu AALT Page aalt law uh edu Thompson Roger Mobility amp Migration East Anglian Founders of New England 1629 1640 Amherst University of Massachusetts Press 1994 p 20 Coward Barry 1991 Cromwell Profiles in Power Harlow Essex Pearson Education p 49 ISBN 0582437512 Retrieved 24 August 2014 The Old Sun Inn Saffron Walden vam ac uk Victoria and Albert Museum Retrieved 25 August 2014 Saffron Walden Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Proposals 2012 www uttlesford gov uk Uttlesford District Council Retrieved 24 August 2014 History of Saffron Walden Town Library townlib org uk Archived from the original on 9 October 2007 Retrieved 24 August 2014 a b Oscar winning cameraman s Saffron Walden home goes up for sale Saffron Walden Reporter 30 September 2013 Retrieved 24 August 2014 Station name Saffron Walden disused stations org uk Disused Stations Retrieved 24 August 2014 History leadacrow com Leada Acrow Retrieved 24 August 2014 Station name Acrow Halt disused stations org uk Disused Stations Retrieved 24 August 2014 a b Civic Regalia saffronwalden gov uk Saffron Walden Council Retrieved 24 August 2014 Saffron Walden megalithic co uk The Megalithic Portal Retrieved 24 August 2014 Saffron Walden Labrynth Photographs uea ac uk University of East Anglia Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 Retrieved 24 August 2014 Hostel to close after losses says YHA Cambridge Evening News 17 June 2010 Archived from the original on 28 July 2010 Retrieved 24 August 2014 One Myddylton Place onemyddyltonplace One Myddylton Place Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 Retrieved 24 August 2014 a b Pevsner Nikolaus Radcliffe Enid 1954 Essex 1965 ed London Penguin Books p 335 ISBN 0140710116 Historic England Bridge End Gardens 1000238 National Heritage List for England Retrieved 23 August 2014 Project snapshot hlf org uk Heritage Lottery Fund Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 Retrieved 24 August 2014 History and Guides stmaryssaffronwalden org Retrieved 11 September 2016 Saffron Walden Our Lady of Compassion olcsaffronwalden org uk Our Lady of Compassion Retrieved 25 August 2014 Church Links ctsw org Churches Together in Saffron Walden Archived from the original on 10 October 2014 Retrieved 25 August 2014 a b Saffron Walden Town Council saffronwalden gov uk Saffron Walden Town Council Retrieved 20 May 2015 KS01 Usual resident population Census 2001 Key Statistics for urban areas Statistics gov uk 7 February 2005 Retrieved 25 July 2011 KS04 Marital status Census 2001 Key Statistics for urban areas Statistics gov uk 2 February 2005 Retrieved 25 July 2011 KS20 Household composition Census 2001 Key Statistics for urban areas Statistics gov uk 2 February 2005 Retrieved 25 July 2011 Uttlesford Local Authority key statistics Statistics gov uk Retrieved 25 July 2011 KS13 Qualifications and students Census 2001 Key Statistics for urban areas Statistics gov uk 2 February 2005 Retrieved 25 July 2011 KS07 Religion Census 2001 Key Statistics for urban areas Statistics gov uk 2 February 2005 Retrieved 25 July 2011 a b Ward Lucy 23 October 2013 Secondary school unveils music hall as philanthropy hits high note The Guardian Retrieved 25 August 2014 Saffron Walden County High School rated outstanding by Ofsted Saffron Walden Reporter 15 June 2012 Retrieved 25 August 2014 Dame Bradbury s Stephen Perse Foundation Saffron Walden Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Proposals 2012 Uttlesford District Council 2012 pp 59 60 Retrieved 25 August 2014 Saffron Walden Historical Society Retrieved 20 February 2016 Safer Greener Healthier Uttlesford Essex County Council www essexhighways org Retrieved 14 August 2020 Audley End House and Gardens english heritage org uk English Heritage Retrieved 25 August 2014 Audley End Concerts Summer 2014 audleyendconcerts com Audley End Concerts Retrieved 25 August 2014 Ehren Leanne 31 March 2011 Audley End Picnic Concerts Cambridge News Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 Retrieved 25 August 2014 Braybrooke Lord The History of the Line audley end railway co uk Audley End Railway Retrieved 25 August 2014 A long history of collecting uttlesford gov uk Uttlesford District Council Retrieved 25 August 2014 Poliquin Rachel 3 November 2006 Wallace the lion Ravishing beasts Archived from the original on 21 February 2015 Retrieved 25 March 2016 Oelman David 4 December 2013 Small wonders Fry Art Gallery Apollo magazine Retrieved 23 August 2014 Angela Dixon announced as director of Saffron Hall Trust barbican org uk Barbican Centre Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 Retrieved 25 August 2014 Cricket on the Common saffronwaldencricket co uk Saffron Walden Cricket Club Retrieved 25 August 2014 Anglo American War Memorial Saffron Walden Essex UK waymarking com Waymarking Retrieved 25 August 2014 eetb org uk PDF www eetb org uk Lord Butler Leisure Centre uttlesford gov uk Uttlesford District Council Archived from the original on 28 November 2013 Retrieved 24 August 2014 Tonkin Sam 10 July 2014 Pictures Saffron Walden welcomes the Tour de France riders Hunts Post Retrieved 24 August 2014 This is One Minet Park oneminetpark co uk One Minet Park Retrieved 24 August 2014 Bates Paul August 2007 Rollerblade legends come to Saffron Walden BBC Retrieved 25 August 2014 Saffron Walden The hymn tune Saffron Walden stmaryssaffronwalden org St Mary s Church Saffron Walden Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 Retrieved 24 August 2014 a b c d e f Saffron Walden Blue Plaque Scheme PDF swinitiative org Saffron Walden Initiative Archived from the original PDF on 7 September 2014 Thompson Nick 13 October 2010 Son of Stig becomes youngest ever champion Saffron Walden Reporter Retrieved 7 September 2014 Elizabeth Butchill WillNE britishexecutions co uk British Executions Retrieved 7 September 2014 Edwardes Charlotte 11 June 2014 The best connected man in business Carphone Warehouse billionaire Charles Dunstone on Cameron congestion and karma London Evening Standard Retrieved 7 September 2014 Mr James Gapes Christchurch The Cyclopedia Company Limited 1903 Retrieved 22 February 2010 West Naomi 14 October 2010 Imogen Heap fully connected The Daily Telegraph Retrieved 7 September 2014 staff 16 February 2007 Cain ready and able for wedded bliss Manchester Evening News Retrieved 7 September 2014 staff 21 June 2013 Works by composer Gordon Jacob to be performed as part of Thaxted Festival Saffron Walden Reporter Retrieved 7 September 2014 TV star recovers from heart operation EADT 26 July 2004 Retrieved 24 August 2014 a b Parker Olivia 4 February 2014 My perfect weekend Steven McGann actor The Daily Telegraph Retrieved 7 September 2014 Jojo Moyes curtisbrown co uk Curtis Brown Retrieved 7 September 2014 staff 22 January 2013 My Space Clare Mulley biographer The Daily Telegraph Archived from the original on 23 January 2013 Retrieved 7 September 2014 Frame Pete 1999 Rockin Around Britain Rock n roll Landmarks of the UK and Ireland London Omnibus Press p 40 ISBN 0711969736 Retrieved 7 September 2014 Tom Robinson Friends School Sir Thomas Smith scholar statesman and son of Saffron Walden saffronwaldenhistory org uk Retrieved 7 September 2014 Stan Stammers stanstammers com Archived from the original on 23 February 2015 Retrieved 7 September 2014 Bernhard Virginia 2011 A Tale of Two Colonies What Really Happened in Virginia and Bermuda Columbia Missouri University of Missouri Press p 17 ISBN 9780826219510 Retrieved 7 September 2014 William Strachey lived at Saffron Walden Raymond Williams and Stuart Hall Iniva Retrieved 7 September 2014 Diana Wynne Jones The Daily Telegraph 29 March 2011 Retrieved 7 September 2014 Further reading EditGreenway Diana and Leslie Watkiss tr and eds 1999 The Book of the Foundation of Walden Monastery Oxford External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Saffron Walden Saffron Walden Town Council Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saffron Walden amp oldid 1049561494, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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