fbpx
Wikipedia

Sagittal plane

In anatomy, the sagittal plane (), or longitudinal plane, is an anatomical plane which divides the body into right and left parts. The plane may be in the center of the body and split it into two halves (mid-sagittal) or away from the midline and split it into unequal parts (para-sagittal).The anatomical term sagittal was coined by Gerard of Cremona.

Sagittal plane
The main anatomical planes of the human body, including mid-sagittal or median (red), parasagittal (yellow), frontal or coronal plane (blue) and transverse or axial plane (green)
Mid-sagittal section of a human skull, by Leonardo da Vinci, c. 1489
Details
Identifiers
Latinplana sagittalia
TA98A01.2.00.003
TA249
FMA11361
Anatomical terminology

Contents

Examples of sagittal planes include:

The term sagittal is derived from the Latin word sagitta, meaning "arrow". An image of an arrow piercing a body and passing from front (anterior) to back (posterior) on a parabolic trajectory would be one way to demonstrate the derivation of the term. Another explanation would be the notching of the sagittal suture posteriorly by the lambdoidal suture —similar to feathers on an arrow.

  • Sagittal axis or anterior-posterior axis is the axis perpendicular to the coronal plane, i.e., the one formed by the intersection of the sagittal and the transversal planes
  • Coronal axis, medial-lateral axis, or frontal axis is the axis perpendicular to the sagittal plane, i.e., the one formed by the intersection of the coronal and the transversal planes.
  • Extension and flexion are the movements of limbs within the sagittal plane.
  • Abduction and adduction are terms for movements of limbs within the coronal plane.
  • Sagittal plane movements include flexion, extension, and hyperextension, as well as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion.
  • Sectional planes of the brain

  • Identical twins at a gestational age of 15 weeks, shown in coronal and sagittal plane, respectively

  • Brain anatomy (sagittal)

  1. Mark Vella (May 2008). Anatomy for Strength and Fitness Training. New Holland Publishers. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-1-84773-153-1. Retrieved4 January 2013.
  2. Arráez-Aybar, Luis-A; Bueno-López, JL; Raio, N (2015). "Toledo school of translators and their influence on anatomical terminology". Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger. 198: 21–33. doi:10.1016/j.aanat.2014.12.003. PMID 25667112.
  3. "Median plane" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  4. Kapit, Wynn (2014). The anatomy coloring book. San Francisco: Pearson. ISBN 9780321832016.
  5. "parasagittal". Merriam-Webster dictionary. Retrieved2019-02-20.
  6. Yokochi, Chihiro; Rohen, Johannes W. (2006). Color Atlas of Anatomy: A Photographic Study of the Human Body. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 2006. 217 p. ISBN 0-7817-9013-1.
  7. http://www.asu.edu/courses/kin335/documents/Movement%20Terminology.pdf
  8. Winslow, Valerie (Dec 23, 2008).Classic Human Anatomy: The Artist's Guide to Form, Function, and Movement. Watson-Guptill. pp. 32–33. ISBN 978-0823024155.
  9. Winslow, Valerie (Dec 23, 2008).Classic Human Anatomy: The Artist's Guide to Form, Function, and Movement. Watson-Guptill. pp. 34–35. ISBN 978-0823024155.
  10. Kinematic Concepts for Analyzing Human Motion. In: Hall SJ. eds. Basic Biomechanics, 7e. McGraw-Hill; Accessed January 25, 2021. https://accessphysiotherapy-mhmedical-com.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/content.aspx?bookid=1586&sectionid=99981270

Sagittal plane
Sagittal plane Language Watch Edit In anatomy the sagittal plane ˈ s ae dʒ ɪ t el or longitudinal plane is an anatomical plane which divides the body into right and left parts 1 The plane may be in the center of the body and split it into two halves mid sagittal or away from the midline and split it into unequal parts para sagittal The anatomical term sagittal was coined by Gerard of Cremona 2 Sagittal planeThe main anatomical planes of the human body including mid sagittal or median red parasagittal yellow frontal or coronal plane blue and transverse or axial plane green Mid sagittal section of a human skull by Leonardo da Vinci c 1489DetailsIdentifiersLatinplana sagittaliaTA98A01 2 00 003TA249FMA11361Anatomical terminology edit on Wikidata Contents 1 Variations in terminology 2 Additional images 3 See also 4 ReferencesVariations in terminology EditExamples of sagittal planes include The terms median plane or mid sagittal plane are sometimes used to describe the sagittal plane running through the midline This plane cuts the body into halves assuming bilateral symmetry 3 passing through midline structures such as the navel and spine It is one of the planes which combined with the Umbilical plane defines the four quadrants of the human abdomen 4 The term parasagittal is used to describe any plane parallel or adjacent to a given sagittal plane 5 Specific named parasagittal planes include The midclavicular line crosses through the clavicle Lateral sternalandparasternalplanes 6 The term sagittal is derived from the Latin word sagitta meaning arrow An image of an arrow piercing a body and passing from front anterior to back posterior on a parabolic trajectory would be one way to demonstrate the derivation of the term Another explanation would be the notching of the sagittal suture posteriorly by the lambdoidal suture similar to feathers on an arrow Sagittal axis or anterior posterior axis is the axis perpendicular to the coronal plane i e the one formed by the intersection of the sagittal and the transversal planes Coronal axis medial lateral axis or frontal axis is the axis perpendicular to the sagittal plane i e the one formed by the intersection of the coronal and the transversal planes 7 Extension and flexion are the movements of limbs within the sagittal plane 8 Abduction and adduction are terms for movements of limbs within the coronal plane 9 Sagittal plane movements include flexion extension and hyperextension as well as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion 10 Additional images Edit Sectional planes of the brain Identical twins at a gestational age of 15 weeks shown in coronal and sagittal plane respectively Brain anatomy sagittal See also EditAnatomical terms of location Coronal plane Transverse planeReferences Edit Mark Vella May 2008 Anatomy for Strength and Fitness Training New Holland Publishers pp 16 ISBN 978 1 84773 153 1 Retrieved 4 January 2013 Arraez Aybar Luis A Bueno Lopez JL Raio N 2015 Toledo school of translators and their influence on anatomical terminology Annals of Anatomy Anatomischer Anzeiger 198 21 33 doi 10 1016 j aanat 2014 12 003 PMID 25667112 Median plane at Dorland s Medical Dictionary Kapit Wynn 2014 The anatomy coloring book San Francisco Pearson ISBN 9780321832016 parasagittal Merriam Webster dictionary Retrieved 2019 02 20 Yokochi Chihiro Rohen Johannes W 2006 Color Atlas of Anatomy A Photographic Study of the Human Body Hagerstown MD Lippincott Williams amp Wilkins pp 2006 217 p ISBN 0 7817 9013 1 http www asu edu courses kin335 documents Movement 20Terminology pdf Winslow Valerie Dec 23 2008 Classic Human Anatomy The Artist s Guide to Form Function and Movement Watson Guptill pp 32 33 ISBN 978 0823024155 Winslow Valerie Dec 23 2008 Classic Human Anatomy The Artist s Guide to Form Function and Movement Watson Guptill pp 34 35 ISBN 978 0823024155 Kinematic Concepts for Analyzing Human Motion In Hall SJ eds Basic Biomechanics 7e McGraw Hill Accessed January 25 2021 https accessphysiotherapy mhmedical com libaccess lib mcmaster ca content aspx bookid 1586 amp sectionid 99981270 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sagittal plane amp oldid 1053354029, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.