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Sahih al-Bukhari

For other uses, see Bukhari.
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Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī (Arabic:صحيح البخاري‎, Ṣaḥīḥ may be translated as "authentic" or "sound."), is the common name for al-Bukhari's The Authentic[citation needed], Abridged, Chain-Supported Collection Regarding Matters Pertaining to the Messenger of God, His Traditions, and His Times. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī is one of the six major hadith collections of Sunni Islam (kutub al-sittah). It was compiled by Persian scholar Muhammad al-Bukhari around 846 CE/232 AH.

Sahih al-Bukhari
AuthorMuhammad al-Bukhari
LanguageArabic
SeriesKutub al-Sittah
SubjectHadith
GenreHadith collection
Publication date
9th century
ISBN978-1567445190
OCLC47899632
TextSahih al-Bukhari at Wikisource
Sahih al-Bukhari

The Science of Narrators (ʿilm al-rijāl; lit 'Knowledge of Men'), refers to the discipline of biographical evaluation within Islamic hadith studies in which the narrators of hadith are evaluated to establish their credibility using both historic and religious knowledge. The aim is to distinguish authentic and reliable hadiths from unreliable. Sunni Muslims view this as one of the two most trusted collections of hadith along with Sahih Muslim.

Sahih al-Bukhari, together with Sahih Muslim is known as Sahihayn. There are total 34,126 Hadiths[clarification needed]

Contents

According to Ibn al-Salah (d.1245), the book is entitled: al-Jaami’ al-Ṣaḥīḥ al-Musnad al-Mukhtasar min Umuri Rasooli-llahi wa sunanihi wa Ayyaamihi (The Authentic, Abridged, Chain-Supported Collection Regarding Matters Pertaining to the Messenger of Allah, His Traditions, and His Times). Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (d.1449) mentioned the same title, replacing the word umur (English: matters) with hadith.

It is reported that Bukhari traveled widely throughout the Abbasid Caliphate from the age of 16, collecting those traditions he thought trustworthy. He devoted 16 years to sifting the hadiths he included in his Sahih from a collection of nearly 600,000 narrations. Sources differ on the exact number of hadiths in Bukhari's Sahih, depending on whether a hadith is defined as a Prophetic tradition or a narration of that tradition. Experts, in general, have estimated the number of full-isnad narration at 7,563, and without considerations to repetitions or different versions of the same report, the number of Prophetic traditions reduces to approximately 2,602. At the time when Bukhari saw the earlier works and conveyed them, he found them, in their presentation, combining between what would be considered sahih (correct) and hasan (good) and that many of them included daʻīf (weak) hadith. This aroused his interest in compiling hadith whose authenticity was beyond doubt. What further strengthened his resolve was something his teacher, hadith scholar Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al-Hanthalee – better known as Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh – had told him. "We were with Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh who said, If only you would compile a book of only authentic narrations of the Prophet.' This suggestion remained in my heart so I began compiling the Sahih." Bukhari also said, "I saw the Prophet in a dream and it was as if I was standing in front of him. In my hand was a fan with which I was protecting him. I asked some dream interpreters, who said to me, 'You will protect him from lies.' This is what compelled me to produce the Sahih."

Sahih al-Bukhari contains around 2,600 ahadith without repetitions and 7,563 ahadith with repetitions. It is an important book in Islamic literature. It is the first book to only include the ahadith without interpretations of the companions and their successors. Al-Bukhari is considered to be the most authentic source of Hadith.

The book is divided into a variety of chapters covering a range of issue regarding Fiqh as well as other subjects. It covers almost all aspects of life in providing proper guidance of Islam such as the method of performing prayers and other actions of worship directly from the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Bukhari finished his work around 846/232 AH, and spent the last twenty-four years of his life visiting other cities and scholars, teaching the hadith he had collected. In every city that Bukhari visited, thousands of people would gather in the main mosque to listen to him recite traditions. In reply to Western academic doubts as to the actual date and authorship of the book that bears his name, scholars point out that notable hadith scholars of that time, such as Ahmad ibn Hanbal (855 CE/241 AH), Yahya ibn Ma'in (847 CE/233 AH), and Ali ibn al-Madini (848 CE/234 AH), accepted the authenticity of his book and that the collection's immediate fame makes it unlikely that it could have been revised after the author's death without historical record.

During this period of twenty-four years, al-Bukhari made minor revisions to his book, notably the chapter headings. Each version is named by its narrator. Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani in his book Nukat asserts the number of hadiths is the same in each version. The most famous one today is the version narrated by al-Firabri (d. 932 CE/320 AH), a trusted student of Bukhari, from which all printed editions derive today. Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi in his book History of Baghdad quoted Firabri as saying: "About seventy thousand people heard Sahih Bukhari with me".

Firabri is not the only transmitter of Sahih al-Bukhari. Many others narrated the book to later generations, such as Ibrahim ibn Ma'qal (d. 907 CE/295 AH), Hammad ibn Shaker (d. 923 CE/311 AH), Mansur Burduzi (d. 931 CE/319 AH) and Husain Mahamili (d. 941 CE/330 AH). There are many books that noted differences between these versions, the best known being Fath al-Bari.

Much later, Muhammad Fuad Abdul Baqi numbered Bukhari's hadiths 1–7563, and its books 1–97. Hadiths may be cited by book name, chapter name, and narrator name; by Baqi's hadith number ("Bukhari 3894"); or by Baqi's book number plus the hadith's offset ("Bukhari 34.176"). The popular USC-MSA English hadith numbering system of volume number, book number, hadith number ("Bukhari Vol. 4 Book 56 Hadith 791") contains many errors, does not correspond to any printed edition, and is now deprecated.

Amin Ahsan Islahi, the Islamic scholar, has listed three outstanding qualities of Sahih al-Bukhari:[non-primary source needed]

  1. Quality and soundness of the chain of narrators of the selected ahādīth. Muhammad al-Bukhari has followed two principal criteria for selecting sound narratives. First, the lifetime of a narrator should overlap with the lifetime of the authority from whom he narrates. Second, it should be verifiable that narrators have met with their source persons. They should also expressly state that they obtained the narrative from these authorities. This is a stricter criterion than that set by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj.
  2. Muhammad al-Bukhari accepted the narratives from only those who, according to his knowledge, not only believed in Islam but practiced its teachings. Thus, he has not accepted narratives from the Murjites.
  3. The particular arrangement and ordering of chapters. This expresses the profound knowledge of the author and his understanding of the religion. This has made the book a more useful guide in understanding of the religious disciplines.

The Orientalist Manjana said in Cambridge in 1936 that the oldest manuscript he had come across up to that point was written in 984 CE/370 AH, according to the narration of al-Mirwazi from al-Farbari The oldest full manuscript which was printed by ISAM is from 1155/550 AH.

For convenience Bukhari's collection was bound into books. The standard Arabic edition was published by E.J. Brill in 4 volumes from 1862 to 1908, editors Ludolf Krehl & Theodor Juynboll, and from which the English standard referencing derives.

  1. Revelation, 1-7, 7
  2. Belief, 8-58, 51
  3. Knowledge, 59-134, 76
  4. Ablutions (wudu'), 135-247, 113
  5. Bathing (ghusl), 248-293, 46
  6. Menstrual Periods, 294-333, 40
  7. Rubbing hands and feet with dust (tayammum), 334-348, 15
  8. Prayers (Salat), 349-520, 172
  9. Times of the Prayers, 521-602, 82
  10. Call to Prayers (adhaan), 603-875, 273
  11. Friday Prayer, 876-941, 66
  12. Fear Prayer, 942-947, 6
  13. Eid (The Two Festivals), 948-989, 42
  14. Witr Prayer, 990-1004, 15
  15. Invoking God for Rain (istisqaa), 1005-1039, 35
  16. Eclipses, 1040-1065, 26
  17. Prostration During Recital of Qur'an, 1067-1079, 13
  18. Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer), 1080-1119, 40
  19. Tahajjud (Prayer at Night), 1120-1187, 68
  20. Virtues of Prayer at Masjid Makkah and Madinah, 1188-1197, 10
  21. Actions while Praying, 1198-1223, 26
  22. Forgetfulness in Prayer, 1224-1236, 13
  23. Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz), 1237-1394, 158
  24. Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat), 1395-1512, 118
  25. Hajj (Pilgrimage), 1513-1771, 259
  26. `Umrah (Minor pilgrimage), 1773-1805, 33
  27. Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimage, 1806-1820, 15
  28. Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimage, 1821-1866, 46
  29. Virtues of Madinah, 1867-1890, 24
  30. Fasting, 1891-2007, 117
  31. Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh), 2008-2013, 6
  32. Virtues of the Night of Qadr, 2014-2024, 11
  33. Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of God (I'tikaf), 2025-2046, 22
  34. Sales and Trade, 2047-2238, 192
  35. Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later (As-Salam), 2239-2256, 18
  36. Shuf'a, 2257-2259, 3
  37. Hiring, 2260-2285, 26
  38. Transferance of a Debt from One Person to Another (Al-Hawaala), 2287-2289, 3
  39. Kafalah, 2290-2298, 9
  40. Representation, Authorization, Business by Proxy, 2299-2319, 21
  41. Agriculture, 2320-2350, 31
  42. Distribution of Water, 2351-2383, 33
  43. Loans, Payment of Loans, Freezing of Property, Bankruptcy, 2385-2409, 25
  44. Quarrels (khusoomaat), 2410-2425, 16
  45. Lost Things Picked up by Someone (Luqatah), 2426-2439, 14
  46. Oppressions, 2440-2482, 43
  47. Partnership, 2483-2507, 25
  48. Mortgaging, 2508-2515, 8
  49. Manumission of Slaves, 2517-2559, 43
  50. Mukataba, 2560-2565, 6
  51. Gifts, 2566-2636, 71
  52. Witnesses, 2637-2689, 53
  53. Peacemaking, 2690-2710, 21
  54. Conditions, 2711-2737, 27
  55. Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa), 2738-2781, 44
  56. Fighting for the Cause of God (Jihaad), 2782-3090, 309
  57. One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of God (Khumus), 3091-3155, 65
  58. Jizyah and Mawaada'ah, 3156-3189, 34
  59. Beginning of Creation, 3190-3325, 136
  60. Prophets, 3326-3488, 163
  61. Virtues and Merits of the Prophet and his Companions, 3489-3648, 160
  62. Companions of the Prophet, 3649-3775, 127
  63. Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (ansaar), 3776-3948, 173
  64. Military Expeditions led by Mohammad (Al-Maghaazi), 3949-4473, 525
  65. Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet), 4474-4977, 504
  66. Virtues of the Qur'an, 4978-5062, 85
  67. Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah), 5063-5250, 188
  68. Divorce, 5251-5350, 100
  69. Supporting the Family, 5351-5372, 22
  70. Food, Meals, 5373-5466, 94
  71. Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth (`Aqiqa), 5467-5474, 8
  72. Hunting, Slaughtering, 5475-5544, 70
  73. Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi), 5545-5574, 30
  74. Drinks, 5575-5639, 65
  75. Patients, 5640-5677, 38
  76. Medicine, 5678-5782, 105
  77. Dress, 5783-5969, 187
  78. Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab), 5970-6226, 257
  79. Asking Permission, 6227-6303, 77
  80. Invocations, 6304-6411, 108
  81. To make the Heart Tender (Ar-Riqaq), 6412-6593, 182
  82. Divine Will (Al-Qadar), 6594-6620, 27
  83. Oaths and Vows, 6621-6707, 87
  84. Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths, 6708-6722, 15
  85. Laws of Inheritance (Al-Faraa'id), 6723-6771, 49
  86. Limits and Punishments set by God (Hudood), 6772-6859, 88
  87. Blood Money (Ad-Diyat), 6861-6917, 57
  88. Apostates, 6918-6939, 22
  89. (Statements made under) Coercion, 6940-6952, 13
  90. Tricks, 6953-6981, 29
  91. Interpretation of Dreams, 6982-7047, 66
  92. Afflictions and the End of the World, 7048-7136, 89
  93. Judgments (Ahkaam), 7137-7225, 89
  94. Wishes, 7226-7245, 20
  95. Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person, 7246-7267, 22
  96. Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah, 7268-7370, 103
  97. Oneness, Uniqueness of God (Tawheed), 7371-7563, 193

Under the deprecated USC-MSA web English reference numbering scheme, al-Bukhari's collection is divided into 93 chapters.

  1. Revelation, 7 aḥādīth (1-7)
  2. Belief
  3. Knowledge
  4. Ablution (Wudu')
  5. Bathing (Ghusl)
  6. Menstrual Periods
  7. Ablution with dust
  8. Prayer (Salat)
  9. Prayer Hall (Sutra)
  10. Times of the Prayer
  11. Call to Prayer
  12. Characteristics of Prayer
  13. Friday Prayer
  14. Fear Prayer
  15. The Two Festivals (Eids)
  16. Witr Prayer
  17. Dua' for Rain (Istisqaa)
  18. Eclipses
  19. Prostration
  20. Shortening Prayers
  21. Night Prayer (Tahajjud)
  22. Actions while Praying
  23. Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz)
  24. Tax (Zakat)
  25. Tax (Zakat ul Fitr)
  26. Pilgrimmage (Hajj)
  27. Minor Pilgrimmage
  28. Pilgrims Prevented
  29. Prilgrims Hunting Penalty
  30. Virtues of Madinah
  31. Fasting
  32. Ramadan Prayer
  33. Stay in Mosque (I'tikaf)
  34. Sales and Trade
  35. Paid in Advance
  36. Hiring
  37. Debt Transfer
  38. Business by Proxy
  39. Agriculture
  40. Distributing Water
  41. Loans, Bankruptcy
  42. Lost & Found
  43. Oppressions
  44. Partnership
  45. Mortgaging
  46. Freeing Slaves
  47. Gifts
  48. Witnesses
  49. Peacemaking
  50. Conditions
  51. Wills
  52. Jihaad
  53. One-fifth of Booty
  54. Beginning of Creation
  55. Prophets
  56. Merits of Sunnah
  57. The Companions
  58. Merits of Al-Ansaar
  59. Expeditions
  60. Prophetic Commentary
  61. Virtues of the Qur'an
  62. Marriage
  63. Divorce
  64. Supporting Family
  65. Food, Meals
  66. Sacrifice on Birth
  67. Hunting, Slaughter
  68. Al-Adha Sacrifice
  69. Drinks
  70. Patients
  71. Medicine
  72. Dress
  73. Good Manners
  74. Asking Permission
  75. Invocations
  76. Softening the Heart
  77. Divine Will (Qadar)
  78. Oaths and Vows
  79. Unfulfilled Oaths
  80. Inheritance Laws
  81. Punishment Laws
  82. Disbelievers (war)
  83. Blood Money
  84. Dealing with Apostates
  85. Under Duress
  86. Tricks
  87. Interpretations of Dreams
  88. End of the World
  89. Judgments
  90. Wishes
  91. Truthfull Word
  92. Holding Steadfast
  93. Oneness of God

In the , Ibn al-Salah (Shafiʽi school) said: "The first to author a Sahih was Bukhari, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl al-Juʿfī, followed by Abū al-Ḥusayn Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj an-Naysābūrī al-Qushayrī, who was his student, sharing many of the same teachers. These two books are the most authentic books after the Qurʾān. As for the statement of Al-Shafi‘i, who said "I do not know of a book containing knowledge more correct than Malik's book," – others mentioned it with a different wording – he said this before the books of Bukhari and Muslim. The book of Bukhari is the more authentic of the two and more useful."

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani quoted Abu Jaʿfar al-‘Uqailee as saying, "After Bukhari had written the Sahih, he read it to Ali ibn al-Madini, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Yahya ibn Ma'in as well as others. They considered it a good effort and testified to its authenticity with the exception of four hadith. Al-‘Uqailee then said that Bukhari was actually correct regarding those four hadith." Ibn Hajar then concluded, "And they are, in fact, authentic."

Ibn al-Salah said in his Muqaddimah ibn al-Ṣalāḥ fī ʿUlūm al-Ḥadīth: "It has been narrated to us that Bukhari has said, 'I have not included in the book al-Jami’ other than what is authentic and I did not include other authentic hadith for the sake of brevity.'" In addition, al-Dhahabi said, "Bukhari was heard saying, 'I have memorized one hundred thousand authentic hadith and two hundred thousand which are less than authentic.'"

Criticism

At least one famous ahaad (solitary) hadith in Bukhari, regarding women's leadership, based upon its content and its hadith narrator (Abu Bakra), is believed by some authors to be inauthentic. Shehadeh uses gender theory to critique the hadith.

Another hadith ("Three things bring bad luck: house, woman, and horse"), reported by Abu Hurairah, has been criticized by Fatema Mernissi for being reported out of context and without any further clarification in Bukhari's collection. The clarification is given in a hadith reported by Aisha in Imam Zarkashi's (1344-1392) hadith collection: "...He [Abu Hurairah] came into our house when the Prophet was in the middle of a sentence. He only heard the end of it. What the Prophet said was: 'May God refute the Jews; they say three things bring bad luck: house, woman, and horse.'" This case raises the question of whether other hadith in Bukhari have been reported incompletely and lacking proper context.

Others have criticised the apparent contradictions within Bukhari regarding Ahruf of the Quran. Some hadith state the Qur'an was revealed only in the dialect of the Quraysh (Muhammad's tribe), while others state it was revealed in seven styles. Other hadiths contradict historical facts: e.g. hadith number 1221 implies Abu Sufyan ibn Harb died in Shām when he actually died in Medina; hadith number 3800 claims all the Sahaba who witnessed the Battle of Badr died before the end of the murder of Uthman; hadith number 5560 says Muhammad died at 60 years old, instead of the actual 63 years old; there are also serious contradictions between hadiths regarding the timing of Qadr Night.

Certain Prophetic medicine and remedies espoused in Bukhari, such as cupping, have been noted for being unscientific. Sunni scholar Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, on the basis of contrary archaeological evidence, criticised the hadith which claimed that Adam's height was 60 cubits and human height has been decreasing ever since.

Rachid Aylal, a Quranist, published a critical book on Bukhari's work in 2017, Sahih Al-Bukhari... The End of a Legend. It was banned in Morocco for disturbing spiritual security, purportedly due to pressure from Islamists.

There are 7563 hadiths in Sahih al Bukhari, including repetitions. It has been said that there are 2,230 repeated hadiths. This is referring to those hadith which are musnad, those from the Companions originating from Muhammad which are authentic.

Fathul Bari bisyarhi Shahih al-Bukhari by Ibn Hajar Asqalani
Shahih al-Bukhari

Several detailed commentaries on this collection have been written, estimated to number around 400, such as:

  1. Anwar ul Bari by Syed Ahmed Raza Bijnori
  2. Tohfa tul Qari by Mufti Saeed Ahmed Palanpuri
  3. Nasr ul Bari by Molana Usman Ghani
  4. Hashia Ahmed Ali Saharanpuri(died 1880)
  5. Sharh Ibn Battaal by Abu al-Hasan 'Ali ibn Khalaf ibn 'Abd al-Malik (died: 449 AH); published in 10 volumes with an additional volume containing indexes
  6. Tafsir al-gharib ma fi al-Sahihayn by al-Humaydī (died 1095 AD).
  7. Al-Mutawari 'Ala Abwab al-Bukhari by Nasir al-Din ibn al-Munayyir (died: 683 AH): An explanation of select chapter titles; published in one volume
  8. Sharh Ibn Kathir (died: 774 AH)
  9. Sharh ‘Ala’ al-Din Maghlatay (died: 792 AH)
  10. Fath al-Bari by Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani (died: 852 AH)
  11. Al-Kawkab al-Darari fi Sharh Al-Bukhari by al-Kirmani (died: 796 AH)
  12. Sharh Ibnu al-Mulaqqin (died: 804 AH)
  13. Al-Tawshih by al-Suyuti (died: 811 AH)
  14. Sharh al-Barmawi (died: 831 AH)
  15. Sharh al-Tilmasani al-Maliki (died: 842 AH)
  16. Fath ul-Bari fi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari by al-Hafith Ibn Hajar (died: 852 AH)
  17. Irshad al-Sari li Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari by al-Qastallani (died: 923 AH); one of the most well known of the explanations of Sahih al-Bukhari
  18. Sharh al-Bulqini (died: 995 AH)
  19. Umdah al Qari fi Sharh Sahih al Bukhari' written by Badr al-Din al-Ayni and published in Beirut by Dar Ihya’ al-turath al-`Arabi
  20. Al-Tanqih by al-Zarkashi
  21. Sharh Ibni Abi Hamzah al-Andalusi
  22. Sharh Abi al-Baqa’ al-Ahmadi
  23. Sharh al-Bakri
  24. Sharh Ibnu Rashid
  25. "Nuzhat Ul Qari Sharah Sahih Al Bukhari" by Mufti Shareeful Haq
  26. Hashiyat ul Bukhari by Tajus Shariah Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Khan Qaadiri Al Azhari
  27. Fayd al-Bari by Maulana Anwar Shah Kashmiri
  28. Kausar Yazdani
  29. Inaam-ul-Bari by Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani (9 Volumes; 7 published)
  30. Neamat-ul-Bari Fi Shrah Saih-ul-Buhari by Ghulam Rasul Sa'idi, 16 volumes
  31. Kanzul Mutawari Fi Ma'adini Lami' al-Darari Wa Sahih Al-Bukhari by Syaikh ul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhalawi -24 volumes. This book is initially a compilation of lectures by Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and was made complete with additional explanations by Maulana Zakariyya.

One of the most important aspects in Sahih al-Bukhari is tarjamah al-bab or giving name of the chapter. Many great scholars adopted a common saying: "The Fiqh of Bukhari in His Chapters". Not many scholars have commented on this aspect except Hafiz Ibn Hajar Asqalani and a few others. Shah Waliyullah Muhadith Dehlawi had mentioned 14 usul (methods) to understand Abwab wa Tarajim, then added by Hind Maulana Shaykh Mahmud Hasan Ad-Deobandi to make it 15 usul. A study conducted by Syaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya had found as many as 70 usul. He wrote specifically about Tarajim Saheeh Al-Bukhari in his book, Al-Abwab wa At-Tarajim li Shahih Al-Bukhari

In 2019, the Arabic Virtual Translation Center in New York translated and published the first complete English translation of Sahih Al-Bukhari with full sanad and commentary. This work, titled Encyclopedia of Sahih Al-Bukhari, includes explanatory notes, a glossary of every term, and biographies of all characters.

Sahih Al-Bukhari in English, the 9 volume set

Sahih al-Bukhari was originally translated into English by Muhammad Muhsin Khan under the title "The Translation of the Meanings of Sahih Al Bukhari Arabic English" (1971) in nine volumes. The text used for this work is Fath Al-Bari, published by the Egyptian Press of Mustafa Al-Babi Al-Halabi in 1959.[clarification needed] It is published by Al Saadawi Publications and Dar-us-Salam and is included in the USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts. Large numbers of selected hadith from it have been translated by Muhammad Ali and Thomas Cleary.

The book is also available in numerous languages including Urdu, Bengali, Bosnian, Tamil, Malayalam, Albanian, Malay, Hindi among others.

  1. the source uses the phrase baynal quraniyiin wa bukhariyiin (between Quranists and Bukharists) to describe his own position and that of his detractors
  1. "Google Translate". translate.google.co.uk.
  2. Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ (2006). An Introduction to the Science of the Ḥadīth(PDF). Translated by Dr. Eerik Dickinson. Reading: Garnet Publishing Limited. p. 5. ISBN 1-85964-158-X. Retrieved2019-11-30.
  3. "Meaning of sahih". Islamic-Dictionary.com. Archived from the original on February 10, 2010. Retrieved2010-05-13.
  4. Arabic:الجامع المسند الصحيح المختصر من أُمور رسول الله وسننه وأيامه‎ or more briefly The Authentic Collection (Arabic:الجامع الصحيح‎).
  5. Muqadimah Ibn al-Salah, by Ibn al-Salah, edited by 'Aishah bint 'Abd al-Rahman, p. 101, Dar al-Ma'arif, Cairo.
  6. Mabadi Tadabbur-i-Hadith, Amin Ahsan Islahi (d.1997)
  7. Harold G. Koenig, Saad Al Shohaib Health and Well-Being in Islamic Societies: Background, Research, and Applications Springer 2014 ISBN 978-3-319-05873-3 page 30
  8. Muqaddimah Ibn al-Salah, pg. 160-9 Dar al-Ma’aarif edition
  9. Hadyi al-Sari, pg. 10.
  10. A.C. Brown, Jonathan (2009). Hadith: Muhammad's Legacy in the Medieval and Modern World (Foundations of Islam series). Oneworld Publications. p. 32. ISBN 978-1851686636.
  11. Abridged from Hady al-Sari, the introduction to Fath al-Bari, by Ibn Hajr, pp. 8–9 Dar al-Salaam edition.
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  16. EL-CÂMİ‘U’S-SAHÎHU’L-MÜSNEDÜ’L-MUHTASAR MİN HADÎSİ RASÛLİLLÂH SALLALLÂHU ALEYHİ VE SELLEM SAHÎH-İ BUHÂRÎ – Tıpkıbasım, İSAM, İstanbul 2018
  17. Christopher Melchert, Basic reference works for the study especially of hadith & Islamic law, updated 26 April 2016.
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  24. "Sahih al-Bukhari 7099". Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved12 November 2016. Narrated Abu Bakr: During the battle of Al-Jamal, Allah benefited me with a Word (I heard from the Prophet). When the Prophet heard the news that the people of the Persia had made the daughter of Khosrau their Queen (ruler), he said, "Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler."
  25. Lamia Rustum Shehadeh (2003).The Idea of Women in Fundamentalist Islam. University Press of Florida. p. 229. ISBN 9780813031354.
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  34. Islam and the Modern Age, Volume 29. Islam and the Modern Age Society. 1998. p. 39. The hadith, reported by al-Bukhari, to the effect that Adam’s height was sixty cubits, has been criticised by Ibn Hajar on the basis of archaeological measurements of the homesteads of some ancient peoples, which show that their inhabitants were not of an abnormal height.
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Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 181

Sahih al-Bukhari
Sahih al Bukhari Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Sahih Bukhari For other uses see Bukhari This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Arabic February 2016 Click show for important translation instructions View a machine translated version of the Arabic article Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate rather than simply copy pasting machine translated text into the English Wikipedia Consider adding a topic to this template there are already 351 articles in the main category and specifying topic will aid in categorization Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low quality If possible verify the text with references provided in the foreign language article You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing Arabic Wikipedia article at ar صحيح البخاري see its history for attribution You should also add the template Translated ar صحيح البخاري to the talk page For more guidance see Wikipedia Translation Ṣaḥiḥ al Bukhari Arabic صحيح البخاري Ṣaḥiḥ may be translated as authentic 1 or sound 2 3 is the common name for al Bukhari s The Authentic citation needed Abridged Chain Supported Collection Regarding Matters Pertaining to the Messenger of God His Traditions and His Times 4 Ṣaḥiḥ al Bukhari is one of the six major hadith collections of Sunni Islam kutub al sittah It was compiled by Persian scholar Muhammad al Bukhari around 846 CE 232 AH Sahih al BukhariAuthorMuhammad al BukhariLanguageArabicSeriesKutub al SittahSubjectHadithGenreHadith collectionPublication date9th centuryISBN978 1567445190OCLC47899632TextSahih al Bukhari at WikisourceSahih al Bukhari The Science of Narrators ʿilm al rijal lit Knowledge of Men refers to the discipline of biographical evaluation within Islamic hadith studies in which the narrators of hadith are evaluated to establish their credibility using both historic and religious knowledge The aim is to distinguish authentic and reliable hadiths from unreliable 5 Sunni Muslims view this as one of the two most trusted collections of hadith along with Sahih Muslim 6 7 Sahih al Bukhari together with Sahih Muslim is known as Sahihayn There are total 34 126 Hadiths clarification needed Contents 1 Actual title 2 Overview 3 Distinctive features 4 Manuscripts 5 Contents 6 Authenticity 6 1 Criticism 7 Number of hadiths 8 Commentaries 9 Translations 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External linksActual title EditAccording to Ibn al Salah d 1245 the book is entitled al Jaami al Ṣaḥiḥ al Musnad al Mukhtasar min Umuri Rasooli llahi wa sunanihi wa Ayyaamihi The Authentic Abridged Chain Supported Collection Regarding Matters Pertaining to the Messenger of Allah His Traditions and His Times 8 Ibn Hajar al Asqalani d 1449 mentioned the same title replacing the word umur English matters with hadith 9 Overview EditIt is reported that Bukhari traveled widely throughout the Abbasid Caliphate from the age of 16 collecting those traditions he thought trustworthy He devoted 16 years to sifting the hadiths he included in his Sahih from a collection of nearly 600 000 narrations 10 Sources differ on the exact number of hadiths in Bukhari s Sahih depending on whether a hadith is defined as a Prophetic tradition or a narration of that tradition Experts in general have estimated the number of full isnad narration at 7 563 and without considerations to repetitions or different versions of the same report the number of Prophetic traditions reduces to approximately 2 602 10 At the time when Bukhari saw the earlier works and conveyed them he found them in their presentation combining between what would be considered sahih correct and hasan good and that many of them included daʻif weak hadith This aroused his interest in compiling hadith whose authenticity was beyond doubt What further strengthened his resolve was something his teacher hadith scholar Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al Hanthalee better known as Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh had told him We were with Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh who said If only you would compile a book of only authentic narrations of the Prophet This suggestion remained in my heart so I began compiling the Sahih Bukhari also said I saw the Prophet in a dream and it was as if I was standing in front of him In my hand was a fan with which I was protecting him I asked some dream interpreters who said to me You will protect him from lies This is what compelled me to produce the Sahih 11 Sahih al Bukhari contains around 2 600 ahadith without repetitions and 7 563 ahadith with repetitions 12 It is an important book in Islamic literature It is the first book to only include the ahadith without interpretations of the companions and their successors Al Bukhari is considered to be the most authentic source of Hadith The book is divided into a variety of chapters covering a range of issue regarding Fiqh as well as other subjects It covers almost all aspects of life in providing proper guidance of Islam such as the method of performing prayers and other actions of worship directly from the Islamic prophet Muhammad Bukhari finished his work around 846 232 AH and spent the last twenty four years of his life visiting other cities and scholars teaching the hadith he had collected In every city that Bukhari visited thousands of people would gather in the main mosque to listen to him recite traditions In reply to Western academic doubts as to the actual date and authorship of the book that bears his name scholars point out that notable hadith scholars of that time such as Ahmad ibn Hanbal 855 CE 241 AH Yahya ibn Ma in 847 CE 233 AH and Ali ibn al Madini 848 CE 234 AH accepted the authenticity of his book 13 and that the collection s immediate fame makes it unlikely that it could have been revised after the author s death without historical record During this period of twenty four years al Bukhari made minor revisions to his book notably the chapter headings Each version is named by its narrator Ibn Hajar al Asqalani in his book Nukat asserts the number of hadiths is the same in each version The most famous one today is the version narrated by al Firabri d 932 CE 320 AH a trusted student of Bukhari from which all printed editions derive today Al Khatib al Baghdadi in his book History of Baghdad quoted Firabri as saying About seventy thousand people heard Sahih Bukhari with me Firabri is not the only transmitter of Sahih al Bukhari Many others narrated the book to later generations such as Ibrahim ibn Ma qal d 907 CE 295 AH Hammad ibn Shaker d 923 CE 311 AH Mansur Burduzi d 931 CE 319 AH and Husain Mahamili d 941 CE 330 AH There are many books that noted differences between these versions the best known being Fath al Bari Much later Muhammad Fuad Abdul Baqi numbered Bukhari s hadiths 1 7563 and its books 1 97 Hadiths may be cited by book name chapter name and narrator name by Baqi s hadith number Bukhari 3894 or by Baqi s book number plus the hadith s offset Bukhari 34 176 The popular USC MSA English hadith numbering system of volume number book number hadith number Bukhari Vol 4 Book 56 Hadith 791 contains many errors does not correspond to any printed edition and is now deprecated Distinctive features EditAmin Ahsan Islahi the Islamic scholar has listed three outstanding qualities of Sahih al Bukhari 14 non primary source needed Quality and soundness of the chain of narrators of the selected ahadith Muhammad al Bukhari has followed two principal criteria for selecting sound narratives First the lifetime of a narrator should overlap with the lifetime of the authority from whom he narrates Second it should be verifiable that narrators have met with their source persons They should also expressly state that they obtained the narrative from these authorities This is a stricter criterion than that set by Muslim ibn al Hajjaj Muhammad al Bukhari accepted the narratives from only those who according to his knowledge not only believed in Islam but practiced its teachings Thus he has not accepted narratives from the Murjites The particular arrangement and ordering of chapters This expresses the profound knowledge of the author and his understanding of the religion This has made the book a more useful guide in understanding of the religious disciplines Manuscripts EditThe Orientalist Manjana said in Cambridge in 1936 that the oldest manuscript he had come across up to that point was written in 984 CE 370 AH according to the narration of al Mirwazi from al Farbari 15 The oldest full manuscript which was printed by ISAM is from 1155 550 AH 16 Contents EditFor convenience Bukhari s collection was bound into books The standard Arabic edition was published by E J Brill in 4 volumes from 1862 to 1908 editors Ludolf Krehl amp Theodor Juynboll and from which the English standard referencing derives 17 18 Revelation 1 7 7 Belief 8 58 51 Knowledge 59 134 76 Ablutions wudu 135 247 113 Bathing ghusl 248 293 46 Menstrual Periods 294 333 40 Rubbing hands and feet with dust tayammum 334 348 15 Prayers Salat 349 520 172 Times of the Prayers 521 602 82 Call to Prayers adhaan 603 875 273 Friday Prayer 876 941 66 Fear Prayer 942 947 6 Eid The Two Festivals 948 989 42 Witr Prayer 990 1004 15 Invoking God for Rain istisqaa 1005 1039 35 Eclipses 1040 1065 26 Prostration During Recital of Qur an 1067 1079 13 Shortening the Prayers At Taqseer 1080 1119 40 Tahajjud Prayer at Night 1120 1187 68 Virtues of Prayer at Masjid Makkah and Madinah 1188 1197 10 Actions while Praying 1198 1223 26 Forgetfulness in Prayer 1224 1236 13 Funerals Al Janaa iz 1237 1394 158 Obligatory Charity Tax Zakat 1395 1512 118 Hajj Pilgrimage 1513 1771 259 Umrah Minor pilgrimage 1773 1805 33 Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimage 1806 1820 15 Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimage 1821 1866 46 Virtues of Madinah 1867 1890 24 Fasting 1891 2007 117 Praying at Night in Ramadaan Taraweeh 2008 2013 6 Virtues of the Night of Qadr 2014 2024 11 Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of God I tikaf 2025 2046 22 Sales and Trade 2047 2238 192 Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later As Salam 2239 2256 18 Shuf a 2257 2259 3 Hiring 2260 2285 26 Transferance of a Debt from One Person to Another Al Hawaala 2287 2289 3 Kafalah 2290 2298 9 Representation Authorization Business by Proxy 2299 2319 21 Agriculture 2320 2350 31 Distribution of Water 2351 2383 33 Loans Payment of Loans Freezing of Property Bankruptcy 2385 2409 25 Quarrels khusoomaat 2410 2425 16 Lost Things Picked up by Someone Luqatah 2426 2439 14 Oppressions 2440 2482 43 Partnership 2483 2507 25 Mortgaging 2508 2515 8 Manumission of Slaves 2517 2559 43 Mukataba 2560 2565 6 Gifts 2566 2636 71 Witnesses 2637 2689 53 Peacemaking 2690 2710 21 Conditions 2711 2737 27 Wills and Testaments Wasaayaa 2738 2781 44 Fighting for the Cause of God Jihaad 2782 3090 309 One fifth of Booty to the Cause of God Khumus 3091 3155 65 Jizyah and Mawaada ah 3156 3189 34 Beginning of Creation 3190 3325 136 Prophets 3326 3488 163 Virtues and Merits of the Prophet and his Companions 3489 3648 160 Companions of the Prophet 3649 3775 127 Merits of the Helpers in Madinah ansaar 3776 3948 173 Military Expeditions led by Mohammad Al Maghaazi 3949 4473 525 Commentary on the Qur an Tafseer of the Prophet 4474 4977 504 Virtues of the Qur an 4978 5062 85 Wedlock Marriage Nikaah 5063 5250 188 Divorce 5251 5350 100 Supporting the Family 5351 5372 22 Food Meals 5373 5466 94 Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth Aqiqa 5467 5474 8 Hunting Slaughtering 5475 5544 70 Al Adha Festival Sacrifice Adaahi 5545 5574 30 Drinks 5575 5639 65 Patients 5640 5677 38 Medicine 5678 5782 105 Dress 5783 5969 187 Good Manners and Form Al Adab 5970 6226 257 Asking Permission 6227 6303 77 Invocations 6304 6411 108 To make the Heart Tender Ar Riqaq 6412 6593 182 Divine Will Al Qadar 6594 6620 27 Oaths and Vows 6621 6707 87 Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths 6708 6722 15 Laws of Inheritance Al Faraa id 6723 6771 49 Limits and Punishments set by God Hudood 6772 6859 88 Blood Money Ad Diyat 6861 6917 57 Apostates 6918 6939 22 Statements made under Coercion 6940 6952 13 Tricks 6953 6981 29 Interpretation of Dreams 6982 7047 66 Afflictions and the End of the World 7048 7136 89 Judgments Ahkaam 7137 7225 89 Wishes 7226 7245 20 Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person 7246 7267 22 Holding Fast to the Qur an and Sunnah 7268 7370 103 Oneness Uniqueness of God Tawheed 7371 7563 193 Under the deprecated USC MSA web English reference numbering scheme al Bukhari s collection is divided into 93 chapters 19 20 Revelation 7 aḥadith 1 7 Belief Knowledge Ablution Wudu 21 Bathing Ghusl Menstrual Periods Ablution with dust Prayer Salat Prayer Hall Sutra Times of the Prayer Call to Prayer Characteristics of Prayer Friday Prayer Fear Prayer The Two Festivals Eids Witr Prayer Dua for Rain Istisqaa Eclipses Prostration Shortening Prayers Night Prayer Tahajjud Actions while Praying Funerals Al Janaa iz Tax Zakat Tax Zakat ul Fitr Pilgrimmage Hajj Minor Pilgrimmage Pilgrims Prevented Prilgrims Hunting Penalty Virtues of Madinah Fasting Ramadan Prayer Stay in Mosque I tikaf Sales and Trade Paid in Advance Hiring Debt Transfer Business by Proxy Agriculture Distributing Water Loans Bankruptcy Lost amp Found Oppressions Partnership Mortgaging Freeing Slaves Gifts Witnesses Peacemaking Conditions Wills Jihaad One fifth of Booty Beginning of Creation Prophets Merits of Sunnah The Companions Merits of Al Ansaar Expeditions Prophetic Commentary Virtues of the Qur an Marriage Divorce Supporting Family Food Meals Sacrifice on Birth Hunting Slaughter Al Adha Sacrifice Drinks Patients Medicine Dress Good Manners Asking Permission Invocations Softening the Heart Divine Will Qadar Oaths and Vows Unfulfilled Oaths Inheritance Laws Punishment Laws Disbelievers war Blood Money Dealing with Apostates Under Duress Tricks Interpretations of Dreams End of the World Judgments Wishes Truthfull Word Holding Steadfast Oneness of GodAuthenticity EditIn the Ibn al Salah Shafiʽi school said The first to author a Sahih was Bukhari Abu ʿAbd Allah Muḥammad ibn Ismaʿil al Juʿfi followed by Abu al Ḥusayn Muslim ibn al Ḥajjaj an Naysaburi al Qushayri who was his student sharing many of the same teachers These two books are the most authentic books after the Qurʾan As for the statement of Al Shafi i who said I do not know of a book containing knowledge more correct than Malik s book others mentioned it with a different wording he said this before the books of Bukhari and Muslim The book of Bukhari is the more authentic of the two and more useful 8 Ibn Hajar al Asqalani quoted Abu Jaʿfar al Uqailee as saying After Bukhari had written the Sahih he read it to Ali ibn al Madini Ahmad ibn Hanbal Yahya ibn Ma in as well as others They considered it a good effort and testified to its authenticity with the exception of four hadith Al Uqailee then said that Bukhari was actually correct regarding those four hadith Ibn Hajar then concluded And they are in fact authentic 22 Ibn al Salah said in his Muqaddimah ibn al Ṣalaḥ fi ʿUlum al Ḥadith It has been narrated to us that Bukhari has said I have not included in the book al Jami other than what is authentic and I did not include other authentic hadith for the sake of brevity 8 In addition al Dhahabi said Bukhari was heard saying I have memorized one hundred thousand authentic hadith and two hundred thousand which are less than authentic 23 Criticism Edit At least one famous ahaad solitary hadith in Bukhari regarding women s leadership 24 based upon its content and its hadith narrator Abu Bakra is believed by some authors to be inauthentic Shehadeh uses gender theory to critique the hadith 25 Another hadith Three things bring bad luck house woman and horse reported by Abu Hurairah has been criticized by Fatema Mernissi for being reported out of context and without any further clarification in Bukhari s collection The clarification is given in a hadith reported by Aisha in Imam Zarkashi s 1344 1392 hadith collection He Abu Hurairah came into our house when the Prophet was in the middle of a sentence He only heard the end of it What the Prophet said was May God refute the Jews they say three things bring bad luck house woman and horse This case raises the question of whether other hadith in Bukhari have been reported incompletely and lacking proper context 26 Others have criticised the apparent contradictions within Bukhari regarding Ahruf of the Quran Some hadith state the Qur an was revealed only in the dialect of the Quraysh Muhammad s tribe while others state it was revealed in seven styles 27 28 29 Other hadiths contradict historical facts e g hadith number 1221 implies Abu Sufyan ibn Harb died in Sham when he actually died in Medina hadith number 3800 claims all the Sahaba who witnessed the Battle of Badr died before the end of the murder of Uthman hadith number 5560 says Muhammad died at 60 years old instead of the actual 63 years old 30 there are also serious contradictions between hadiths regarding the timing of Qadr Night 31 Certain Prophetic medicine and remedies espoused in Bukhari such as cupping have been noted for being unscientific 32 Sunni scholar Ibn Hajar al Asqalani on the basis of contrary archaeological evidence criticised the hadith 33 which claimed that Adam s height was 60 cubits and human height has been decreasing ever since 34 Rachid Aylal a Quranist 35 note 1 published a critical book on Bukhari s work in 2017 Sahih Al Bukhari The End of a Legend It was banned in Morocco for disturbing spiritual security purportedly due to pressure from Islamists 36 Number of hadiths EditThere are 7563 hadiths in Sahih al Bukhari 37 including repetitions It has been said that there are 2 230 repeated hadiths 8 This is referring to those hadith which are musnad 38 those from the Companions originating from Muhammad which are authentic 39 Commentaries Edit Fathul Bari bisyarhi Shahih al Bukhari by Ibn Hajar Asqalani Shahih al Bukhari Several detailed commentaries on this collection have been written estimated to number around 400 40 such as Anwar ul Bari by Syed Ahmed Raza Bijnori 41 Tohfa tul Qari 42 by Mufti Saeed Ahmed Palanpuri 43 Nasr ul Bari by Molana Usman Ghani 44 Hashia Ahmed Ali Saharanpuri 45 46 died 1880 Sharh Ibn Battaal by Abu al Hasan Ali ibn Khalaf ibn Abd al Malik died 449 AH published in 10 volumes with an additional volume containing indexes Tafsir al gharib ma fi al Sahihayn by al Humaydi died 1095 AD Al Mutawari Ala Abwab al Bukhari by Nasir al Din ibn al Munayyir died 683 AH An explanation of select chapter titles published in one volume Sharh Ibn Kathir died 774 AH Sharh Ala al Din Maghlatay died 792 AH Fath al Bari by Ibn Hajar al Asqalani died 852 AH Al Kawkab al Darari fi Sharh Al Bukhari by al Kirmani died 796 AH Sharh Ibnu al Mulaqqin died 804 AH Al Tawshih by al Suyuti died 811 AH Sharh al Barmawi died 831 AH Sharh al Tilmasani al Maliki died 842 AH Fath ul Bari fi Sharh Sahih al Bukhari by al Hafith Ibn Hajar died 852 AH 47 Irshad al Sari li Sharh Sahih al Bukhari by al Qastallani died 923 AH one of the most well known of the explanations of Sahih al Bukhari 47 48 49 Sharh al Bulqini died 995 AH Umdah al Qari fi Sharh Sahih al Bukhari 50 written by Badr al Din al Ayni and published in Beirut by Dar Ihya al turath al Arabi 47 51 Al Tanqih by al Zarkashi Sharh Ibni Abi Hamzah al Andalusi Sharh Abi al Baqa al Ahmadi Sharh al Bakri Sharh Ibnu Rashid Nuzhat Ul Qari Sharah Sahih Al Bukhari by Mufti Shareeful Haq Hashiyat ul Bukhari by Tajus Shariah Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Khan Qaadiri Al Azhari Fayd al Bari 52 by Maulana Anwar Shah Kashmiri Kausar Yazdani Inaam ul Bari 53 by Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani 9 Volumes 7 published Neamat ul Bari Fi Shrah Saih ul Buhari by Ghulam Rasul Sa idi 16 volumes Kanzul Mutawari Fi Ma adini Lami al Darari Wa Sahih Al Bukhari by Syaikh ul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhalawi 24 volumes This book is initially a compilation of lectures by Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and was made complete with additional explanations by Maulana Zakariyya 54 One of the most important aspects in Sahih al Bukhari is tarjamah al bab 55 or giving name of the chapter Many great scholars adopted a common saying The Fiqh of Bukhari in His Chapters Not many scholars have commented on this aspect except Hafiz Ibn Hajar Asqalani and a few others Shah Waliyullah Muhadith Dehlawi had mentioned 14 usul methods to understand Abwab wa Tarajim then added by Hind Maulana Shaykh Mahmud Hasan Ad Deobandi to make it 15 usul A study conducted by Syaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya had found as many as 70 usul He wrote specifically about Tarajim Saheeh Al Bukhari in his book Al Abwab wa At Tarajim li Shahih Al Bukhari 55 54 Translations EditIn 2019 the Arabic Virtual Translation Center in New York translated and published the first complete English translation of Sahih Al Bukhari with full sanad and commentary This work titled Encyclopedia of Sahih Al Bukhari includes explanatory notes a glossary of every term and biographies of all characters Sahih Al Bukhari in English the 9 volume set Sahih al Bukhari was originally translated into English by Muhammad Muhsin Khan under the title The Translation of the Meanings of Sahih Al Bukhari Arabic English 1971 in nine volumes 56 The text used for this work is Fath Al Bari published by the Egyptian Press of Mustafa Al Babi Al Halabi in 1959 clarification needed It is published by Al Saadawi Publications and Dar us Salam and is included in the USC MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts 57 Large numbers of selected hadith from it have been translated by Muhammad Ali and Thomas Cleary The book is also available in numerous languages including Urdu Bengali Bosnian Tamil Malayalam 58 Albanian Malay Hindi among others See also Edit Islam portal Sahih Muslim Jami al Tirmidhi Lamiʽ al Darari ʽala Jamiʽ al Bukhari Sunan Abu Dawood Sunan al Sughra Sunan ibn Majah Muwatta Malik Abu Tha alba QuranNotes Edit the source uses the phrase baynal quraniyiin wa bukhariyiin between Quranists and Bukharists to describe his own position and that of his detractorsReferences Edit Google Translate translate google co uk Ibn al Ṣalaḥ 2006 An Introduction to the Science of the Ḥadith PDF Translated by Dr Eerik Dickinson Reading Garnet Publishing Limited p 5 ISBN 1 85964 158 X Retrieved 2019 11 30 Meaning of sahih Islamic Dictionary com Archived from the original on February 10 2010 Retrieved 2010 05 13 Arabic الجامع المسند الصحيح المختصر من أ مور رسول الله وسننه وأيامه or more briefly The Authentic Collection Arabic الجامع الصحيح Muqadimah Ibn al Salah by Ibn al Salah edited by Aishah bint Abd al Rahman p 101 Dar al Ma arif Cairo Mabadi Tadabbur i Hadith Amin Ahsan Islahi d 1997 Harold G Koenig Saad Al Shohaib Health and Well Being in Islamic Societies Background Research and Applications Springer 2014 ISBN 978 3 319 05873 3 page 30 a b c d Muqaddimah Ibn al Salah pg 160 9 Dar al Ma aarif edition Hadyi al Sari pg 10 a b A C Brown Jonathan 2009 Hadith Muhammad s Legacy in the Medieval and Modern World Foundations of Islam series Oneworld Publications p 32 ISBN 978 1851686636 Abridged from Hady al Sari the introduction to Fath al Bari by Ibn Hajr pp 8 9 Dar al Salaam edition About Sahih al Bukhari Sunnah com Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم sunnah com Retrieved 2021 09 20 Al Imam Bukhari Ummah net Archived from the original on 2010 02 19 Retrieved 2010 02 03 Mabadi Tadabbur i Hadith Amin Ahsan Islahi See Tareekh at Turaath by Fu aad Sizkeen 1 228 EL CAMI U S SAHIHU L MUSNEDU L MUHTASAR MIN HADISI RASULILLAH SALLALLAHU ALEYHI VE SELLEM SAHIH I BUHARI Tipkibasim ISAM Istanbul 2018 Christopher Melchert Basic reference works for the study especially of hadith amp Islamic law updated 26 April 2016 Dr M Muhsin Khan Bukhari English translation at sunnah com Sahih Bukhari www www sahih bukhari com Archived from the original on July 7 2018 Retrieved Jun 25 2019 All books and chapters of sahih al bukhari www islamicfinder org Retrieved Jun 25 2019 M Muhsin Khan translation bukhari 4 Hady al Sari pg 684 Tadhkirat al huffaz vol 2 pgs 104 5 al Kutub al Ilmiyyah edition Sahih al Bukhari 7099 Archived from the original on 10 November 2016 Retrieved 12 November 2016 Narrated Abu Bakr During the battle of Al Jamal Allah benefited me with a Word I heard from the Prophet When the Prophet heard the news that the people of the Persia had made the daughter of Khosrau their Queen ruler he said Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler Lamia Rustum Shehadeh 2003 The Idea of Women in Fundamentalist Islam University Press of Florida p 229 ISBN 9780813031354 Charles Kurzman 1998 Kurzman Charles ed Liberal Islam A Source Book Oxford University Press p 123 ISBN 9780195116229 Melchert 2008 p 83 Virtues of the Qur an Book 61 Number 507 Sahih al Bukhari Shamoun Sam The Seven Ahruf and Multiple Qiraat A Quranic Perspective Answering Islam Encyclopedia of Sahih Al Bukhari Section 17 Critique of Sahih Al Bukhari Arabic Virtual Translation Center 2021 ISBN 978 0 359 67265 3 CS1 maint location link Encyclopedia of Sahih Al Bukhari Section 10 Conflict resolution Arabic Virtual Translation Center 2021 ISBN 978 0 359 67265 3 CS1 maint location link Leslie Charles Miller ed 1976 Asian Medical Systems A Comparative Study reprint ed University of California Press pp 57 8 ISBN 9780520035119 Sahih al Bukhari 6227 Archived from the original on 2 April 2017 Retrieved 1 April 2017 Narrated Abu Huraira The Prophet said Allah created Adam in His picture sixty cubits about 30 meters in height When He created him He said to him Go and greet that group of angels sitting there and listen what they will say in reply to you for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring Adam went and said As Salamu alaikum Peace be upon you They replied AsSalamu Alaika wa Rahmatullah Peace and Allah s Mercy be on you So they increased Wa Rahmatullah The Prophet added So whoever will enter Paradise will be of the shape and picture of Adam Since then the creation of Adam s offspring i e stature of human beings is being diminished continuously to the present time Islam and the Modern Age Volume 29 Islam and the Modern Age Society 1998 p 39 The hadith reported by al Bukhari to the effect that Adam s height was sixty cubits has been criticised by Ibn Hajar on the basis of archaeological measurements of the homesteads of some ancient peoples which show that their inhabitants were not of an abnormal height Archived copy Archived from the original on 2020 07 07 Retrieved 2020 07 06 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Morocco Bans a Book Critical of Al Bukhari as it Threatens Spiritual Security 20 April 2018 Archived from the original on 2020 04 11 Retrieved 2020 04 11 No of Ahadith in Sahih Al Bukhari New Horizons Pk Hady al Sari pg 654 Nuzhah al Nathr pg 154 An Overview of Ten Manuscripts of Ṣaḥiḥ al Bukhari ahadithnotes com Shaykh Syed Ahmad Raza Bijnori Anwaar ul Bari 19 Volumes By Shaykh Syed Ahmad Raza Bijnori Archived from the original on 2013 10 07 Retrieved 2017 09 11 via Internet Archive Dars E Nizami Dora E Hadees 8th Year archive org Ghazi Abidullah 2015 Ulum al Hadith 7450 Skokie Blvd Skokie IL 60077 IQRA s International Educational Foundation p 41 ISBN 978 1 56316 198 8 CS1 maint location link Dars E Nizami Dora E Hadees 8th Year archive org Dars e Nizami Books Online Collection 7 archive org Dars e Nizami Books Online Collection 7 archive org a b c Gibb H A R Kramers J H Levi Provencal E Schacht J 1986 1st pub 1960 Encyclopaedia of Islam Volume I A B New ed Leiden Netherlands Brill p 1297 ISBN 9004081143 volume has extra text help Abdal Hakim Murad Abdal Hakim Murad Contentions 8 Masud co uk Archived from the original on 2016 03 03 Retrieved 2010 05 13 Lewis B Menage V L Pellat Ch Schacht J 1997 1st pub 1978 Encyclopaedia of Islam Volume IV Iran Kha New ed Leiden Netherlands Brill p 736 ISBN 9004078193 volume has extra text help Allama Ayni R A Umdat Ul Qari via Internet Archive Int 10 October 2006 Archived from the original on 10 October 2006 Allama Anwar Shah Kashmiri Faiz Ul Bari via Internet Archive Dars E Nizami Dora E Hadees 8th Year archive org a b Anak Pendang Sekeluarga Kanzul Mutawari Dan Sumbangan Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhalawi rah wirapendang blogspot my April 2014 Archived from the original on 2015 12 22 Retrieved 2015 10 10 a b www besturdubooks wordpress com Al Abwab Wat Tarajim Li Sahihul Bukhari via Internet Archive The Translation of the Meanings of Sahih Al Bukhari Arabic English 9 Volumes Archived from the original on 2018 09 04 Retrieved 2014 07 24 Translation of Sahih Bukhari Usc edu Archived from the original on 2012 10 01 Retrieved 2010 09 26 Sahih Bukhari Multiple languages Australian Islamic Library Archived from the original on 2014 10 30 Retrieved 2014 10 31 Sahih Al Bukhari Hadith 181External links EditSahih Bukhari html amp pdf digitized English translation by Muhammad Muhsin Khan corrected and published by Darussalam Publishers Sahih Bukhari Translation by Muhammad Muhsin Khan from Center for Muslim Jewish Engagement USC MSA A Manual of Hadith by Muhammad Ali pdf a selected compendium of Sahih al Bukhari with commentary History Fabrication of Fake Hadith Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sahih al Bukhari amp oldid 1050026258, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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