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Sahti

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Sahti is a Finnish type of farmhouse ale made from malted and unmalted grains including barley and rye. Traditionally the beer is flavored with juniper in addition to, or instead of, hops; the mash is filtered through juniper twigs into a trough-shaped tun, called a kuurna in Finnish. Sahti is top-fermented and many have a banana flavor due to isoamyl acetate from the use of baking yeast, although ale yeast may also be used in fermenting.

Finlandia Sahti, a Finnish sahti brand

The end product is a cloudy beer with phenolic flavors and a distinct taste similar to banana, balanced by the bitterness from the juniper branches. The carbonation level tends to be very low. Sahti was traditionally brewed as a farmhouse ale, but commercial versions are now available. Commercial sahti is usually 8% ABV. In Finland, due to the higher percentage of alcohol in sahti, it is only sold in commercial sahti breweries, pubs or state-owned Alko stores, not in regular markets or grocery stores. Sahti has to be stored cold until consumption and is therefore not available in all Alko branches.

Within Finland, sahti has differing characteristics depending on which part of the country it is from. It is often known as Tavastian beer from Häme (well-known sahti areas, such as Sysmä, Joutsa, Kuhmoinen and Lammi, are in Häme) but it is also made in Finland Proper and some parts of Central Finland. Every year the Finnish sahti brewing championship is held on the first weekend in August.

Contents

Traditionally, the most common sahti brewing process is using a long step infusion mash that may last up to six hours, after which the wort is lautered through the kuurna. Unlike most beers, traditional sahti wort goes straight from the lauter tun to the fermenter without boiling.

However, this is only one of several brewing processes that have traditionally been used. Sahti has also been brewed as a stone beer, with infusion mashing, with variants of decoction mashing, by boiling the mash in the kettle, and so on. Some regions of Finland have called their farmhouse ale taari, and in these areas different brewing processes appear to have been used, such as fermenting in the mash, and baking the wet malts in bread-like shapes before lautering.

A farmhouse ale that in some cases is similar is brewed on the Swedish island of Gotland (known as Gotlandsdricka). An even closer relative in terms of flavour is a farmhouse ale known as "koduõlu", brewed on the Estonian islands in the Baltic.

In Estonia one commercial beer is sometimes described as "Estonian sahti", despite actually being an Estonian koduõlu:

Finnish sahti has protected status in Europe., so that in order to be described as sahti a beer must be brewed following something close to the traditional process and ingredients. Modern craft beer versions of sahti can be somewhat removed from the original style, because brewers may use more hops, might not use juniper twigs, could introduce more carbonation, boil the wort, and may not use Finnish baking yeast.

In many countries sahti has been the subject of recent interest by homebrewers and microbreweries who have brewed many takes on the style. It is not clear if any of them actually resemble the original Finnish sahti beers in any way, so in the EU most of these beers could not be marketed as sahti.

Other versions:

  • Mad Scientist #19 from Sixpoint Brewing
  • Samuel Adams: Norse Legend sahti (from Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)
  • Dogfish Head Brewery: Sah'tea (from Milton, Delaware, U.S.A.) made with masala chai and juniper berries
  • Sahti Ale - New Belgium Brewing Company (from Fort Collins, Colorado, U.S.A.)
  • Parallel 49 Brewing Company "Sahti Claws"
  • Sahti - Gambling Man Brewing Company, UK (The first true Sahti to be commercially brewed in the UK)
  • Ale Apothecary - "Sahati," a mixed fermentation ale lautered in a spruce kuurna with spruce branches
  • Browar Pinta - "Koniec Świata" (pol. "The End of The World, owes its name to the date of its release to the market, which was supposed to be the end of the world), polish attempt of brewing Sahti beer. Made with juniper berries and branches.
  • Bare Bear from Off Color Brewing
  • Sahti - Kiitos Brewing, Salt Lake City Utah
  • Ivar the Boneless - Proper Brewing, Salt Lake City Utah
  • Löyly - HammerHeart Brewing Company, Lino Lakes Minnesota
  • Ymir the Creator from High Ground Brewing in Terra Alta, WV
  • Mānuka Sahti - Kererū Brewing, NZ
  • Bushcrafter Sahti - Prairie Pride Brewing in Grand Island, NE
  • Sauna Brau - Turnagain Brewing in Anchorage, AK
  • Finnish Line - Independent Brewing in Bel Air, MD
  1. Peter Ovell, "Finland's Indigenous Beer Culture." Perinteisen Oluen Seura, Special Publications No 1, 1996. Helsinki. (accessed 2017-11-21)
  2. Matti Räsänen, "Vom Halm zum Faß." Kansatieteellinen arkisto, Helsinki, 1975. ISBN 9519056181.
  3. "Sahtiverkko - SM-kilpailu". Sahti.org. 2019-03-08. Retrieved2019-07-06.
  4. EU Profile-Sahti (accessed 07/06/2009)
  5. https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/door/registeredName.html?denominationId=629
  6. Brown, Michael (2014-04-14). "Gambling Man brews Scandinavian-style hopless Sahti beer". Canny Brew. Retrieved2019-08-05.

Sahti
Sahti Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia s policies or guidelines Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references July 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message Sahti is a Finnish type of farmhouse ale made from malted and unmalted grains including barley and rye Traditionally the beer is flavored with juniper in addition to or instead of hops 1 the mash is filtered through juniper twigs into a trough shaped tun called a kuurna in Finnish Sahti is top fermented and many have a banana flavor due to isoamyl acetate from the use of baking yeast although ale yeast may also be used in fermenting Finlandia Sahti a Finnish sahti brand The end product is a cloudy beer with phenolic flavors and a distinct taste similar to banana balanced by the bitterness from the juniper branches The carbonation level tends to be very low Sahti was traditionally brewed as a farmhouse ale 2 but commercial versions are now available Commercial sahti is usually 8 ABV In Finland due to the higher percentage of alcohol in sahti it is only sold in commercial sahti breweries pubs or state owned Alko stores not in regular markets or grocery stores Sahti has to be stored cold until consumption and is therefore not available in all Alko branches Within Finland sahti has differing characteristics depending on which part of the country it is from It is often known as Tavastian beer from Hame well known sahti areas such as Sysma Joutsa Kuhmoinen and Lammi are in Hame but it is also made in Finland Proper and some parts of Central Finland Every year the Finnish sahti brewing championship is held on the first weekend in August 3 Contents 1 Brewing process 2 Commercial sahti brands 3 In other countries 4 See also 5 ReferencesBrewing process EditTraditionally the most common sahti brewing process is using a long step infusion mash that may last up to six hours after which the wort is lautered through the kuurna Unlike most beers traditional sahti wort goes straight from the lauter tun to the fermenter without boiling However this is only one of several brewing processes that have traditionally been used Sahti has also been brewed as a stone beer with infusion mashing with variants of decoction mashing by boiling the mash in the kettle and so on Some regions of Finland have called their farmhouse ale taari and in these areas different brewing processes appear to have been used such as fermenting in the mash and baking the wet malts in bread like shapes before lautering 2 Commercial sahti brands EditKellarin Varastopanimo Joutsa Varastopanimon Sahti Panimoravintola Beer Hunter s Mufloni Sahti from Pori Finlandia Sahti and Finlandia Strong Sahti from Sastamala Hartolan Sahti known as Krouvin Sahti and Punakallion Sahti Hollolan Hirvi Kivisahti Huvila sahti from Savonlinna Joutsan Sahti Lammin Sahti from Lammi Tiinan Sahti from Sysma Stadin Panimo Stadin Sahti from Helsinki In other countries EditA farmhouse ale that in some cases is similar is brewed on the Swedish island of Gotland known as Gotlandsdricka An even closer relative in terms of flavour is a farmhouse ale known as koduolu brewed on the Estonian islands in the Baltic In Estonia one commercial beer is sometimes described as Estonian sahti despite actually being an Estonian koduolu Pihtla Olu from Pihtla ollekook Estonia Finnish sahti has protected status in Europe 4 so that in order to be described as sahti a beer must be brewed following something close to the traditional process and ingredients 5 Modern craft beer versions of sahti can be somewhat removed from the original style because brewers may use more hops might not use juniper twigs could introduce more carbonation boil the wort and may not use Finnish baking yeast In many countries sahti has been the subject of recent interest by homebrewers and microbreweries who have brewed many takes on the style It is not clear if any of them actually resemble the original Finnish sahti beers in any way so in the EU most of these beers could not be marketed as sahti Other versions Mad Scientist 19 from Sixpoint Brewing Samuel Adams Norse Legend sahti from Boston Massachusetts U S A Dogfish Head Brewery Sah tea from Milton Delaware U S A made with masala chai and juniper berries Sahti Ale New Belgium Brewing Company from Fort Collins Colorado U S A Parallel 49 Brewing Company Sahti Claws Sahti Gambling Man Brewing Company UK The first true Sahti to be commercially brewed in the UK 6 Ale Apothecary Sahati a mixed fermentation ale lautered in a spruce kuurna with spruce branches Browar Pinta Koniec Swiata pol The End of The World owes its name to the date of its release to the market which was supposed to be the end of the world polish attempt of brewing Sahti beer Made with juniper berries and branches Bare Bear from Off Color Brewing Sahti Kiitos Brewing Salt Lake City Utah Ivar the Boneless Proper Brewing Salt Lake City Utah Loyly HammerHeart Brewing Company Lino Lakes Minnesota Ymir the Creator from High Ground Brewing in Terra Alta WV Manuka Sahti Kereru Brewing NZ Bushcrafter Sahti Prairie Pride Brewing in Grand Island NE Sauna Brau Turnagain Brewing in Anchorage AK Finnish Line Independent Brewing in Bel Air MDSee also Edit Beer portal Finnish beveragesReferences Edit Peter Ovell Finland s Indigenous Beer Culture Perinteisen Oluen Seura Special Publications No 1 1996 Helsinki accessed 2017 11 21 a b Matti Rasanen Vom Halm zum Fass Kansatieteellinen arkisto Helsinki 1975 ISBN 9519056181 Sahtiverkko SM kilpailu Sahti org 2019 03 08 Retrieved 2019 07 06 EU Profile Sahti accessed 07 06 2009 https ec europa eu agriculture quality door registeredName html denominationId 629 Brown Michael 2014 04 14 Gambling Man brews Scandinavian style hopless Sahti beer Canny Brew Retrieved 2019 08 05 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sahti amp oldid 1055789578, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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