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Saib Tabrizi

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Saib Tabrizi (Persian:صائب تبریزی‎, Ṣāʾib Tabrīzī, میرزا محمّدعلی صائب تبریزی, Mīrzā Muḥammad ʿalī Ṣāʾib, Azerbaijani: صائب تبریزی), was a Persian poet and one of the greatest masters of a form of classical Arabic and Persian lyric poetry characterized by rhymed couplets, known as the ghazal. Besides writing in Persian, Saib was known to have written 17 ghazals and molammaʿs in Azerbaijani Turkic.

Saib Tabrizi
Born1592
Tabriz, Safavid Iran
Died1676
Isfahan, Safavid Iran
OccupationPoet

Saib was born in Tabriz, and educated in Isfahan and in about 1626 he traveled to India, where he was received into the court of Shah Jahan. He stayed for a time in Kabul and in Kashmir, returning home after several years abroad. After his return, the emperor of Persia, Shah Abbas II, bestowed upon him the title King of Poets.

Saib's reputation is based primarily on some 300,000 couplets, including his epic poem Qandahār-nāma (“The Campaign Against Qandahār”). (The city of Qandahār or Kandahar in today's Afghanistan was in Saib Tabrizi's lifetime a long-standing bone of contention between the Mughal rulers of India and the Safavid rulers of Persia - both of whom were at different times the poet's patrons - until definitely given over to Persian rule as a result of the Mughal–Safavid War of 1649–53.)

Saib Tabrizi's “Indian style” verses reveal an elegant wit, a gift for the aphorism and the proverb, and a keen appreciation of philosophical and intellectual exercise. Saib was especially well known for his Persian panegyric poetry during the reigns of Persian Emperors Safi, Abbas II and Suleiman.

A line from Saib's poem on Kabul provided the title for Khaled Hosseini's 2007 novel, A Thousand Splendid Suns.

Contents

Early life

Growing up Tabrizi was a privileged child. His father, Mirzā ʿAbd-al-Raḥim, was a successful merchant, and his uncle, Šams-al-Din, was known for his calligraphic talents. Tabrizi's family was among those evacuated by Abbas I in response to Ottoman incursions. Tabrizi settled in Isfahan with his family. He was educated in Isfahan and began his literary career. During this time Tabrizi also made pilgrimages to Mecca, Najaf and Karbala.

Travels abroad

Tabrizi felt the Mughal courts of India was the best choice to enhance his literary career. Sometime in the middle of the 1620s, he arrived in Kabul and met with the governor of the city, Mirzā Aḥsan-Allāh Ẓafar Khan. He formed a close friendship with Zafar Khan who was his primary patron over the next few years. Tabrizi accompanied Zafar Khan and his father on military campaigns in the Deccan Plateau, before returning to Isfahan in 1632.

Return to Iran

Tabrizi returned to Iran in 1632 and spent the rest of his life there. He maintained a relationship with the Safavid courts and dedicated poems Abbas II and Shah Soleyman III. Abbas II appointed Tabrizi to the post of poet laureate.

Tabrizi died in 1676 and was buried in Isfahan.

He developed a method which called Indian method.

پاکان ستم ز جور فلک بیشتر کشند گندم چو پاک گشت خورَد زخم آسیا

همچو کاغذباد گردون هر سبک‌مغزی که یافت در تماشاگاه دوران می‌پراند بیشتر

اظهار عجز نزد ستم پیشه ابلهیست اشک کباب موجب طغیان آتش است

به فکر معنی نازک چو مو شدم باریک چه غم ز موی‌شکافان خرده‌بین دارم

پر در مقام تجربت دوستان مباش صائب غریب و بی‌کس و بی‌یار می‌شوی

  1. "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica".
  2. PAUL E. LOSENSKY, "Sa'eb Tabrizi" in Encyclopedia Iranica [1] "ṢĀʾEB of TABRIZ, Mirzā Moḥammad ʿAli (b. Tabriz, ca. 1000/1592; d. Isfahan, 1086-87/1676), celebrated Persian poet of the later Safavid period. "
  3. Donzel, E. J. van (1 January 1994).Islamic Desk Reference. BRILL. p. 385. ISBN 90-04-09738-4. Saib*, Mirza Muhammad Ali*: Persian poet; 16031677. He was one of the most prolific poets of his time, and is highly praised by Oriental critics.
  4. PAUL E. LOSENSKY, "Sa'eb Tabrizi" in Encyclopedia Iranica [2] "ṢĀʾEB of TABRIZ, Mirzā Moḥammad ʿAli (b. Tabriz, ca. 1000/1592; d. Isfahan, 1086-87/1676), celebrated Persian poet of the later Safavid period. "
  5. Safavid Iran, p 91.
  6. Maapri Publication of Rajastan, India Archived 2008-10-02 at the Wayback Machine, (Retrieved on: 2 January 2009)
  7. "Ṣāʾib." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite .(2008)
  8. Azeri Literature in Iran:"In addition to his Persian works, the great poet of the period Mirzā Moḥammad-ʿAli Ṣāʾeb Tabrizi (d. 1670) wrote 17 ḡazals and molammaʿs in his native Turkish (Yazıcı, s.v. “Sâib,” in İA X)."
  9. Safavid Iran, p 91.
  10. Losensky, Paul E. "ṢĀʾEB TABRIZI". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  11. Ghahraman, Mohammad (Winter 1991). Rangin Gol. Tehran: Sokhan publication. p. 8.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSaib Tabrizi.
  • J. Newman, Andrew, Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire, I.B.Tauris, 2006, ISBN 1-86064-667-0, ISBN 978-1-86064-667-6.
  • "Ṣāʾib." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite .(2008)
  • Etelaat newspaper, 2014

Saib Tabrizi
Saib Tabrizi Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Saib Tabrizi news newspapers books scholar JSTOR June 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message Saib Tabrizi Persian صائب تبریزی Ṣaʾib Tabrizi میرزا محم دعلی صائب تبریزی Mirza Muḥammad ʿali Ṣaʾib Azerbaijani صائب تبریزی was a Persian 3 4 5 6 7 poet and one of the greatest masters of a form of classical Arabic and Persian lyric poetry characterized by rhymed couplets known as the ghazal Besides writing in Persian Saib was known to have written 17 ghazals and molammaʿs in Azerbaijani Turkic 8 Saib TabriziBorn1592 1 Tabriz 2 Safavid IranDied1676 Isfahan Safavid IranOccupationPoet Saib was born in Tabriz and educated in Isfahan and in about 1626 he traveled to India where he was received into the court of Shah Jahan He stayed for a time in Kabul and in Kashmir returning home after several years abroad After his return the emperor of Persia Shah Abbas II bestowed upon him the title King of Poets Saib s reputation is based primarily on some 300 000 couplets including his epic poem Qandahar nama The Campaign Against Qandahar The city of Qandahar or Kandahar in today s Afghanistan was in Saib Tabrizi s lifetime a long standing bone of contention between the Mughal rulers of India and the Safavid rulers of Persia both of whom were at different times the poet s patrons until definitely given over to Persian rule as a result of the Mughal Safavid War of 1649 53 Saib Tabrizi s Indian style verses reveal an elegant wit a gift for the aphorism and the proverb and a keen appreciation of philosophical and intellectual exercise Saib was especially well known for his Persian panegyric poetry during the reigns of Persian Emperors Safi Abbas II and Suleiman 9 A line from Saib s poem on Kabul provided the title for Khaled Hosseini s 2007 novel A Thousand Splendid Suns Contents 1 Biography 1 1 Early life 1 2 Travels abroad 1 3 Return to Iran 2 Saib method in poetry 3 See also 4 References 5 External links 6 SourcesBiography EditEarly life Edit Growing up Tabrizi was a privileged child His father Mirza ʿAbd al Raḥim was a successful merchant and his uncle Sams al Din was known for his calligraphic talents Tabrizi s family was among those evacuated by Abbas I in response to Ottoman incursions Tabrizi settled in Isfahan with his family He was educated in Isfahan and began his literary career During this time Tabrizi also made pilgrimages to Mecca Najaf and Karbala Travels abroad Edit Tabrizi felt the Mughal courts of India was the best choice to enhance his literary career Sometime in the middle of the 1620s he arrived in Kabul and met with the governor of the city Mirza Aḥsan Allah Ẓafar Khan He formed a close friendship with Zafar Khan who was his primary patron over the next few years Tabrizi accompanied Zafar Khan and his father on military campaigns in the Deccan Plateau before returning to Isfahan in 1632 10 Return to Iran Edit Tabrizi returned to Iran in 1632 and spent the rest of his life there He maintained a relationship with the Safavid courts and dedicated poems Abbas II and Shah Soleyman III Abbas II appointed Tabrizi to the post of poet laureate 10 Tabrizi died in 1676 and was buried in Isfahan Saib method in poetry EditHe developed a method which called Indian method 11 پاکان ستم ز جور فلک بیشتر کشند گندم چو پاک گشت خور د زخم آسیا همچو کاغذباد گردون هر سبک مغزی که یافت در تماشاگاه دوران می پراند بیشتر اظهار عجز نزد ستم پیشه ابلهیست اشک کباب موجب طغیان آتش است به فکر معنی نازک چو مو شدم باریک چه غم ز موی شکافان خرده بین دارم پر در مقام تجربت دوستان مباش صائب غریب و بی کس و بی یار می شویSee also EditSaeb Mausoleum Saadi ShiraziReferences Edit Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica PAUL E LOSENSKY Sa eb Tabrizi in Encyclopedia Iranica 1 ṢAʾEB of TABRIZ Mirza Moḥammad ʿAli b Tabriz ca 1000 1592 d Isfahan 1086 87 1676 celebrated Persian poet of the later Safavid period Donzel E J van 1 January 1994 Islamic Desk Reference BRILL p 385 ISBN 90 04 09738 4 Saib Mirza Muhammad Ali Persian poet 16031677 He was one of the most prolific poets of his time and is highly praised by Oriental critics PAUL E LOSENSKY Sa eb Tabrizi in Encyclopedia Iranica 2 ṢAʾEB of TABRIZ Mirza Moḥammad ʿAli b Tabriz ca 1000 1592 d Isfahan 1086 87 1676 celebrated Persian poet of the later Safavid period Safavid Iran p 91 Maapri Publication of Rajastan India Archived 2008 10 02 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2 January 2009 Ṣaʾib Encyclopaedia Britannica from Encyclopaedia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite 2008 Azeri Literature in Iran In addition to his Persian works the great poet of the period Mirza Moḥammad ʿAli Ṣaʾeb Tabrizi d 1670 wrote 17 ḡazals and molammaʿs in his native Turkish Yazici s v Saib in IA X Safavid Iran p 91 a b Losensky Paul E ṢAʾEB TABRIZI Encyclopaedia Iranica Ghahraman Mohammad Winter 1991 Rangin Gol Tehran Sokhan publication p 8 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Saib Tabrizi A poem by Saeb after his visit from the Kabul citySources EditJ Newman Andrew Safavid Iran Rebirth of a Persian Empire I B Tauris 2006 ISBN 1 86064 667 0 ISBN 978 1 86064 667 6 Ṣaʾib Encyclopaedia Britannica from Encyclopaedia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite 2008 Etelaat newspaper 2014 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saib Tabrizi amp oldid 1049015941, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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