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Said Nursî

"Nursi" redirects here. For Estonian village, see Nursi, Estonia.

Said Nursi (Ottoman Turkish:سعيد نورسی‎, Kurdish:Seîdê Nursî ,سەعید نوورسی‎; 1877 – 23 March 1960), also spelled Said-i Nursî or Said-i Kurdî and commonly known with the honorific Bediüzzaman (meaning "wonder of the age"), or simply Üstad (meaning "master") was a Kurdish Sunni Muslim theologian who wrote the Risale-i Nur Collection, a body of Qur'anic commentary exceeding six thousand pages. Believing that modern science and logic was the way of the future, he advocated teaching religious sciences in secular schools and modern sciences in religious schools. Nursi inspired a religious movement that has played a vital role in the revival of Islam in Turkey and now numbers several millions of followers worldwide. His followers, often known as the "Nurcu movement" or the "Nur cemaati".

Said-i Nursi
Üstad Bediüzzaman
Said Nursi
Personal
Born1877
Died23 March 1960 (aged 82–83)
ReligionIslam
Era19th–20th century
RegionKurdistan
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceShafi`i
CreedAsh'ari
Main interest(s)Theology, Tafsir, Revival of Faith
Muslim leader

He was able to recite many books from memory. For instance: "So then he [Molla Fethullah] decided to test his memory and handed him a copy of the work by Al-Hariri of Basra (1054–1122) — also famous for his intelligence and power of memory — called Maqamat al-Hariri. Said read one page once, memorized it, then repeated it by heart. Molla Fethullah expressed his amazement."

Contents

Said Nursi was born in the Kurdish village of Nurs near Hizan in the Bitlis Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire, in Kurdistan. He received his early education from scholars of his hometown, where he showed mastery in theological debates. After developing a reputation for Islamic knowledge, he was nicknamed "Bediuzzaman", meaning "The most unique and superior person of the time". He was invited by the governor of the Vilayet of Van to stay within his residency. In the library of the governor, Nursi gained access to an archive of scientific knowledge he had not had access to previously. Said Nursi also learned the Ottoman Turkish language there. During this time, he developed a plan for university education for the Eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire. By combining scientific and religious (Islamic) education, the university was expected to advance the philosophical thoughts of these regions. However, he was put on trial in 1909 for his apparent involvement in the Ottoman countercoup of 1909 against the liberal reform movement named the Committee of Union and Progress, but he was acquitted and released. He was active during the late Ottoman Caliphate as an educational reformer and advocate of the unity of the peoples of the Caliphate. He proposed educational reforms to the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid aiming to put the traditional Madrasah (seminary) training, Sufism (tasawwuf) and the modern sciences in dialogue with each other. During World War I, Nursî was a member of the Ottoman Empire's "Special Organization". In January 1916 he was captured by Russian forces and taken to Russia as a prisoner of war, where he spent over 2 years. He escaped in the spring of 1918 and made his way to Istanbul. His return was welcomed and he was chosen to be a member of Dar-al Hikmat al-Islamiye, an Islamic academy seeking solutions for the Islamic world's growing problems.

Nursi was a worrying-enough influence for the incipient leader of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, to deem it necessary to seek to control him by offering him the position of ‘Minister of Religious Affairs’ for the eastern provinces of Turkey, a post that Nursi famously refused. This was the beginning of his split from the Kemalist circle. Conversely, the secular government in the Republic of Turkey would later stigmatize his attempts to renew traditional faith. Modernization of intellectual culture in Anatolia thusly bifurcated along two approaches: assimilation of occidental understanding; and functionalization of extant liturgics. Nursi was the major contributor to the latter approach, and his early life as a memorization savant enabled him to use scripture for teaching with mnemonic metaphor. Friction between the two spheres of thought led to breakdowns of civility and the eventual reclusion of Nursi.

After arriving in Istanbul, Said Nursi declared: "I shall prove and demonstrate to the world that the Quran is an undying, inexhaustible Sun!", setting out to write his comprehensive Risale-i Nur, a collection of Said Nursi's own commentaries and interpretations of the Quran and Islam, as well as writings about his own life.

Some words and teachings of Said Nursi:

  • On the face of the universe, the face of the earth, and the face of man are three stamps of dominicality one within the other and each showing samples of the others.

-The First is the great stamp of Godhead, which is manifested through the mutual assistance, co-operation, and embracing and corresponding to one another of beings in the totality of the universe. This looks to “In the Name of God.”

-The Second is the great stamp of divine mercifulness, which is manifested through the mutual resemblance and proportion, order, harmony, favour and compassion in the disposal, raising, and administration of plants and animals on the face of the earth. This looks to “In the Name of God, the Merciful.”

-Then is the exalted stamp of divine compassionateness, which is manifested through the subtleties of divine beneficence, fine points of divine clemency, and rays of divine compassion on the face of man’s comprehensive nature. This looks to “the Compassionate” in “In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.”

  • The human mind, which plunges into causes, is bewildered at the upheavals of the passing of the world, and laments despairingly. While the conscience, which desires true existence, severs the connection with metaphorical beloveds and transient beings through crying like Abraham, I love not those that set, and it binds itself to the Truly Existent One, and Eternal Beloved.
  • O my ignorant soul! Know that the world and its beings are certainly ephemeral, but you may find a way leading to permanence in each ephemeral thing, and may see two flashes, two mysteries, of the manifestations of the Undying Beloved’s Beauty.
  • Yes, it is within the bounty that the bestowal is to be seen and the favour of the Most Merciful perceived. If you pass from bounty to bestowal, you will find the Bestower. Also, each work of the Eternally Besought One makes known the All-Glorious Maker’s Names like a missive. If you pass from the decoration to the meaning, you will find the One signified by way of His Names. Since you can find the kernel, the essence, of these ephemeral beings, obtain it.
  • Among beings there is no work which is not a most meaningful embodied word and does not cause to be read numerous of the Glorious Maker’s Names. Since beings are words, words of power, read their meanings and place them in your heart. Fearlessly cast words without meaning onto the winds of transience. Do not concern yourself looking behind them, needlessly occupying yourself.

Our time in Said Nursi's thought: According to the words of Muhammad, "The world has a life span of 7000 years from the creation of the first human to the doomsday, 1000 - 1500 years of this was the amount to live after Muhammad. In addition, it was the End Times, according to the inferences that Said Nursi obtained by using Abjad from the hadith, "A taifa from my ummah will prevail over the truth until Allah's order comes (that is, doomsday breaks)".

Humanity faced the greatest corruption of this period and the danger of unbelief, which was the greatest threat to humanity. Therefore, according to him, the greatest service in this period was the service of faith rescue, and Risale-i Nur, who did this duty properly, represented the great Mahdism of the End Times. However, he was carrying out the first and most important steps of this task, which he called "the service of faith and the Quran" with his books called "Risale-i nur", and was preparing the ground and program for another person to come after him.

The period believed to be the "golden age of Mahdi" will come in the future, and after this period that will last 30-40 years, irreligion will prevail again. According to him, the Doomsday would fall on the heads of the atheists in the Hijri calendar between 1530 and 1540.

Said Nursi was exiled to the Isparta Province for, amongst other things, performing the call to prayer in the Arabic language. After his teachings attracted people in the area, the governor of Isparta sent him to a village named Barla where he wrote two-thirds of his Risale-i Nur. These manuscripts were sent to Sav, another village in the region, where people duplicated them in Arabic script (which was officially replaced by the modern Turkish alphabet in 1928). After being finished, these books were sent to Nursi's disciples all over Turkey via the "Nurcu postal system". Nursi repeatedly stated that all the persecutions and hardships inflicted on him by the secularist regime were God's blessings and that having destroyed the formal religious establishment, they had unwittingly left popular Islam as the only authentic faith of the Turks.

Women in chador in Shiraz, Iran. Unlike peasant women, Said Nursi believed that the face and hands of urban women should be covered under the Quran's command to cover up.
Mustafa Kemal teaches the new alphabet in Sivas. Republican Reforms led Mustafa Kemal to make Said Nursi's target and define him as "Sufyani".

Besides these writings themselves, a major factor in the success of the movement may be attributed to the very method Nursi had chosen, which may be summarized with two phrases: 'mânevî jihad,' that is, 'jihad of the word' or 'non-physical jihad', and 'positive action.' Nursi considered materialism and atheism and their source materialist philosophy to be his true enemies in this age of science, reason, and civilization. He combated them with reasoned proofs in the Risale-i Nur, considering the Risale-i Nur as the most effective barrier against the corruption of society caused by these enemies. In order to be able to pursue this 'jihad of the word,' Nursi insisted that his students avoided any use of force and disruptive action. Through 'positive action,' and the maintenance of public order and security, the supposed damage caused by the forces of unbelief could be 'repaired' by the 'healing' truths of the Quran. Said Nursi lived much of his life in prison and in exile, persecuted by the secularist state for having invested in religious revival.

Alarmed by the growing popularity of Nursi's teachings, which had spread even among the intellectuals and the military officers, the government arrested him for allegedly violating laws mandating secularism and sent him to exile. He was acquitted of all these charges in 1956.

In the last decade of his life, Said Nursi settled in the city of Isparta. After the introduction of the multi-party system, he advised his followers to vote for the Democratic Party of Adnan Menderes, which had restored some religious freedom. Said Nursi was a staunch anti-Communist, denouncing Communism as the greatest danger of the time. In 1956, he was allowed to have his writings printed. His books are collected under the name Risale-i Nur ("Letters of Divine Light").

He died of exhaustion after travelling to Urfa. He was buried in a tomb opposite the cave where prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) is widely believed to have been born. After the military coup d'état in Turkey in 1960, a group of soldiers led by the later right-wing politician Alparslan Türkeş opened his grave and buried him at an unknown place near Isparta during July 1960 in order to prevent popular veneration.

A Turkish film Free Man based on Nursi's biography was made in 2011.

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  3. Ian Markham, Globalization, Ethics and Islam: The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Introduction, xvii
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  5. Vahide, Sükran (2005). Islam in modern Turkey: an intellectual biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. SUNY Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-7914-6515-8. They [Said Nursî's parents] were among the settled Kurdish population of the geographical region the Ottomans called Kurdistan.
  6. Ozgur, Koca. Said Nursi's Synthesis of Ash'arite Occasionalism and Ibn 'Arabi's Metaphysical Cosmology: "Diagonal Occasionalism," Modern Science", and "Free Will". UMI Dissertations Publishing. p. 217. ISBN 9781303619793.
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  9. Gerhard Böwering, Patricia Crone, Mahan Mirza, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought, p482
  10. Robert W. Hefner, Shari?a Politics: Islamic Law and Society in the Modern World, p 170. ISBN 0253223105
  11. David Livingstone, Black Terror White Soldiers: Islam, Fascism and the New Age, p. 568. ISBN 1481226509
  12. M. Hakan Yavuz, John L. Esposito, Turkish Islam and the Secular State: The Gülen Movement, p. 6
  13. پەیامی حەشر سەعید نوورسی (in Kurdish). Retrieved21 December 2019.
  14. "Seîdê Kurdî ji ber piştgiriya Şêx Seîd hatiye sirgunkirin". Rûdaw. Retrieved21 December 2019.
  15. Janet Klein (2011). The Margins of Empire: Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone. pp. 106 & 116.
  16. Şükran Vahide (2019). Bediuzzaman Said Nursi: Author of the Risale-i Nur. The Other Press. p. 195.
  17. From Said Nursi's Life: Birth and Early Childhood
  18. Gerhard Böwering, Patricia Crone, Mahan Mirza, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought, p. 482. ISBN 0691134847
  19. Ian S. Markham; Suendam Birinci; Suendam Birinci Pirim (2011). An Introduction to Said Nursi: Life, Thought and Writings. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd, p 194. ISBN 978-1-4094-0770-6.
  20. Said Nursi, Munazarat, p. 86 "The religious sciences are the light of the conscience; the modern sciences are the light of the mind; only on the combining of the two does the truth emerge. The students’ aspiration will take flight with those two wings. When they are parted, it gives rise to bigotry in the one, and skepticism and trickery in the other."
  21. Omer Taspinar, Kurdish Nationalism and Political Islam in Turkey: Kemalist Identity in Transition (Middle East Studies: History, Politics & Law), p. 228. ISBN 041594998X
  22. Serif Mardin, Religion and Social Change in Modern Turkey: The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, p. 23. ISBN 0887069967
  23. Şükran Vahide, Islam in Modern Turkey: An Intellectual Biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, p. 425. ISBN 0791482979
  24. Akyol, Mustafa (March 2007). "Render Unto Atatürk". First Things. Retrieved20 May 2021.
  25. Balci, Bayram (June 2003). "Fethullah Gu¨len's Missionary Schools in Central Asia and their Role in the Spreading of Turkism and Islam". Religion, State and Society. 31 (2): 153. doi:10.1080/09637490308283. S2CID 145455130.
  26. Şükran Vahide. (2005). Islam in Modern Turkey. State University of New York Press, ISBN 0-7914-6515-2
  27. Vahide, Şükran (2011). Bediuzzaman Said Nusri. Islamic Book Trust. p. 28. ISBN 978-967-5062-86-5.
  28. Abu-Rabi, Ibrahim M. (2003). Islam at the crossroads: on the life and thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. SUNY Press. p. xvii. ISBN 978-0-7914-5700-9.
  29. David Livingstone, Black Terror White Soldiers: Islam, Fascism and the New Age, p. 568-569. ISBN 1481226509
  30. David Tittensor, The House of Service: The Gulen Movement and Islam's Third Way, p 35. ISBN 0199336415
  31. Hakan Özoglu, Osmanli Devleti ve Kürt Milliyetçiligi, Kitap Yayinevi Ltd., 2005, ISBN 978-975-6051-02-3, p. 146.
  32. Andrew Rippin and Zeki Saritoprak, The Islamic World, Chapter 33, p. 398
  33. Ian S. Markham; Suendam Birinci; Suendam Birinci Pirim (2011). An Introduction to Said Nursi: Life, Thought and Writings. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-4094-0770-6.
  34. David Tittensor, The House of Service: The Gulen Movement and Islam's Third Way, p 37. ISBN 0199336415
  35. David Livingstone, Black Terror White Soldiers: Islam, Fascism and the New Age, p. 569. ISBN 1481226509
  36. Vahide, Sükran (2005). Islam in modern Turkey: an intellectual biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. SUNY Press. He offered Nursi Shaikh Sanusi’s post as ‘general preacher’ in the Eastern Provinces with a salary of 300 liras, a deputyship in the Assembly, and a post equivalent to that he had held in the Darü’l-Hikmeti’l-Islamiye, together with various perks such as a residence. Part 1;Childhood and Early Life,chapter 8
  37. Vahide, Sükran (2005). Islam in modern Turkey: an intellectual biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. SUNY Press.
  38. "Said Nursi'nin Yeşilay'ın kurucusu olduğu doğru mudur? Bu teşkilatın Kurtuluş Savaşı ile hiçbir ilgisinin olmadığı söylenmektedir. Buna ne dersiniz?" [Is it true that Said Nursi was the founder of the Green Crescent? It is said that this organization has nothing to do with the War of Independence. How about that?]. Sorularla Risale (in Turkish). 25 February 2012.
  39. The Words, The First Word, p. 18-19
  40. Said Nursi, The Words, The Seventeenth Word, p. 229-230
  41. Ali B. Hüsameddin el-Muttaki, Kitab-ül Burhan Fi Alamet-il Mehdiyy-il Âhir Zaman, s. 88
  42. Suyuti, el-keşfu an mücavezeti hazihil ümmeti el-elfu, el-havi lil fetavi, Suyuti. 2/248
  43. Ruhul beyan. Bursevi. (Arapça) 4/262
  44. Ahmed bin Hanbel (d.855), Kitâbu’l-ilel, s. 89
  45. Kastamonu Lahikası, s.26
  46. Buhari, 9:125, 162; Müslim,1:137
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  48. David McDowall (14 May 2004). A Modern History of the Kurds: Third Edition. I.B.Tauris. pp. 210–211. ISBN 978-1-85043-416-0.
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  50. Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P.; Lecomte, G. (1995). Encyclopaedia of Islam. Volume VIII (Ned-Sam) (New ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 144. ISBN 978-9004098343.|volume= has extra text ()
  51. Awang, Ramli; Yusoff, Kamaruzaman; Ebrahimi, Mansoureh; Yilmaz, Omer (2015). "A Challenge from Teaching to Social Movement: Bediüzzaman Said Nursi's Struggles for Modification in Turkey". Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 6 (6): 446. doi:10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6s1p444.
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  54. Ian S. Markham, Engaging with Bediuzzaman Said Nursi: A Model of Interfaith Dialogue, p 15 [Quoting Şükran Vahide, The Biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi: the author of the Risale-i Nur (Istanbul, Sozler Publications 1992), p. 352]. ISBN 0754669319
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  56. Ian S. Markham, Suendam Birinci, Suendam Birinci Pirim, An Introduction to Said Nursi: Life, Thought and Writings. p 46. ISBN 1409407713
  57. Gerhard Böwering, Patricia Crone, Mahan Mirza, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought, p. 482.
  58. Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi, Islam at the Crossroads: On the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, p. xxiv. ISBN 0791457001
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  60. Ian S. Markham; Suendam Birinci; Suendam Birinci Pirim (2011). An Introduction to Said Nursi: Life, Thought and Writings. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd, p 17. ISBN 978-1-4094-0770-6.
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Said Nursî
Said Nursi Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Said Nursi Nursi redirects here For Estonian village see Nursi Estonia Said Nursi Ottoman Turkish سعيد نورسی Kurdish Seide Nursi سەعید نوورسی 13 14 1877 1 23 March 1960 also spelled Said i Nursi or Said i Kurdi 15 16 and commonly known with the honorific Bediuzzaman meaning wonder of the age or simply Ustad meaning master 17 was a Kurdish Sunni Muslim theologian who wrote the Risale i Nur Collection a body of Qur anic commentary exceeding six thousand pages 18 19 Believing that modern science and logic was the way of the future he advocated teaching religious sciences in secular schools and modern sciences in religious schools 18 19 20 Nursi inspired a religious movement 21 22 that has played a vital role in the revival of Islam in Turkey and now numbers several millions of followers worldwide 23 24 His followers often known as the Nurcu movement or the Nur cemaati 25 Said i Nursi Ustad BediuzzamanSaid NursiPersonalBorn1877 1 Nurs 2 3 Bitlis Vilayet Ottoman EmpireDied23 March 1960 aged 82 83 8 Urfa TurkeyReligionIslamEra19th 20th century 4 RegionKurdistan 5 DenominationSunniJurisprudenceShafi iCreedAsh ari 6 7 Main interest s Theology 9 Tafsir 9 Revival of Faith 10 Muslim leaderInfluenced by Imam Ali Abdul Qadir Gilani 11 Al Ghazali 11 Rumi 11 Ahmad Sirhindi 12 Baha al Din Naqshband Ash ari Ahmad Khani He was able to recite many books from memory For instance So then he Molla Fethullah decided to test his memory and handed him a copy of the work by Al Hariri of Basra 1054 1122 also famous for his intelligence and power of memory called Maqamat al Hariri Said read one page once memorized it then repeated it by heart Molla Fethullah expressed his amazement 26 Contents 1 Early life 2 Teachings and movement 3 Later life 4 In Popular Culture 5 See also 6 References 7 Sources 8 Further reading 9 External linksEarly life EditSaid Nursi was born in the Kurdish village of Nurs near Hizan in the Bitlis Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire in Kurdistan 5 He received his early education from scholars of his hometown where he showed mastery in theological debates After developing a reputation for Islamic knowledge he was nicknamed Bediuzzaman meaning The most unique and superior person of the time He was invited by the governor of the Vilayet of Van to stay within his residency 27 In the library of the governor Nursi gained access to an archive of scientific knowledge he had not had access to previously Said Nursi also learned the Ottoman Turkish language there During this time he developed a plan for university education for the Eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire 28 By combining scientific and religious Islamic education the university was expected to advance the philosophical thoughts of these regions However he was put on trial in 1909 for his apparent involvement in the Ottoman countercoup of 1909 against the liberal reform movement named the Committee of Union and Progress but he was acquitted and released 29 He was active during the late Ottoman Caliphate as an educational reformer and advocate of the unity of the peoples of the Caliphate He proposed educational reforms to the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid aiming to put the traditional Madrasah seminary training Sufism tasawwuf and the modern sciences in dialogue with each other 9 30 During World War I Nursi was a member of the Ottoman Empire s Special Organization 31 In January 1916 he was captured by Russian forces and taken to Russia as a prisoner of war where he spent over 2 years He escaped in the spring of 1918 and made his way to Istanbul 30 32 His return was welcomed and he was chosen to be a member of Dar al Hikmat al Islamiye an Islamic academy seeking solutions for the Islamic world s growing problems 33 Nursi was a worrying enough influence for the incipient leader of the Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk 34 to deem it necessary to seek to control him by offering him the position of Minister of Religious Affairs for the eastern provinces of Turkey a post that Nursi famously refused 35 36 This was the beginning of his split from the Kemalist circle Conversely the secular government in the Republic of Turkey would later stigmatize his attempts to renew traditional faith Modernization of intellectual culture in Anatolia thusly bifurcated along two approaches assimilation of occidental understanding and functionalization of extant liturgics Nursi was the major contributor to the latter approach and his early life as a memorization savant enabled him to use scripture for teaching with mnemonic metaphor Friction between the two spheres of thought led to breakdowns of civility and the eventual reclusion of Nursi After arriving in Istanbul Said Nursi declared I shall prove and demonstrate to the world that the Quran is an undying inexhaustible Sun 37 setting out to write his comprehensive Risale i Nur a collection of Said Nursi s own commentaries and interpretations of the Quran and Islam as well as writings about his own life 38 Teachings and movement EditSome words and teachings of Said Nursi On the face of the universe the face of the earth and the face of man are three stamps of dominicality one within the other and each showing samples of the others The First is the great stamp of Godhead which is manifested through the mutual assistance co operation and embracing and corresponding to one another of beings in the totality of the universe This looks to In the Name of God The Second is the great stamp of divine mercifulness which is manifested through the mutual resemblance and proportion order harmony favour and compassion in the disposal raising and administration of plants and animals on the face of the earth This looks to In the Name of God the Merciful Then is the exalted stamp of divine compassionateness which is manifested through the subtleties of divine beneficence fine points of divine clemency and rays of divine compassion on the face of man s comprehensive nature This looks to the Compassionate in In the Name of God the Merciful the Compassionate 39 The human mind which plunges into causes is bewildered at the upheavals of the passing of the world and laments despairingly While the conscience which desires true existence severs the connection with metaphorical beloveds and transient beings through crying like Abraham I love not those that set and it binds itself to the Truly Existent One and Eternal Beloved O my ignorant soul Know that the world and its beings are certainly ephemeral but you may find a way leading to permanence in each ephemeral thing and may see two flashes two mysteries of the manifestations of the Undying Beloved s Beauty Yes it is within the bounty that the bestowal is to be seen and the favour of the Most Merciful perceived If you pass from bounty to bestowal you will find the Bestower Also each work of the Eternally Besought One makes known the All Glorious Maker s Names like a missive If you pass from the decoration to the meaning you will find the One signified by way of His Names Since you can find the kernel the essence of these ephemeral beings obtain it Among beings there is no work which is not a most meaningful embodied word and does not cause to be read numerous of the Glorious Maker s Names Since beings are words words of power read their meanings and place them in your heart Fearlessly cast words without meaning onto the winds of transience Do not concern yourself looking behind them needlessly occupying yourself 40 Our time in Said Nursi s thought According to the words of Muhammad The world has a life span of 7000 years from the creation of the first human to the doomsday 1000 1500 years of this was the amount to live after Muhammad 41 42 43 44 In addition it was the End Times according to the inferences that Said Nursi obtained by using Abjad 45 from the hadith A taifa from my ummah will prevail over the truth until Allah s order comes that is doomsday breaks 46 Humanity faced the greatest corruption of this period and the danger of unbelief which was the greatest threat to humanity Therefore according to him the greatest service in this period was the service of faith rescue and Risale i Nur who did this duty properly represented the great Mahdism of the End Times 47 However he was carrying out the first and most important steps of this task which he called the service of faith and the Quran with his books called Risale i nur and was preparing the ground and program for another person to come after him 47 The period believed to be the golden age of Mahdi will come in the future and after this period that will last 30 40 years irreligion will prevail again According to him the Doomsday would fall on the heads of the atheists in the Hijri calendar between 1530 and 1540 45 Said Nursi was exiled to the Isparta Province for amongst other things performing the call to prayer in the Arabic language 48 After his teachings attracted people in the area the governor of Isparta sent him to a village named Barla 49 where he wrote two thirds of his Risale i Nur 50 These manuscripts were sent to Sav another village in the region where people duplicated them in Arabic script which was officially replaced by the modern Turkish alphabet in 1928 48 50 After being finished these books were sent to Nursi s disciples all over Turkey via the Nurcu postal system 51 Nursi repeatedly stated that all the persecutions and hardships inflicted on him by the secularist regime were God s blessings and that having destroyed the formal religious establishment they had unwittingly left popular Islam as the only authentic faith of the Turks 50 Women in chador in Shiraz Iran Unlike peasant women Said Nursi believed that the face and hands of urban women should be covered under the Quran s command to cover up 52 Mustafa Kemal teaches the new alphabet in Sivas Republican Reforms led Mustafa Kemal to make Said Nursi s target and define him as Sufyani 53 Besides these writings themselves a major factor in the success of the movement may be attributed to the very method Nursi had chosen which may be summarized with two phrases manevi jihad that is jihad of the word or non physical jihad and positive action 54 55 Nursi considered materialism and atheism and their source materialist philosophy to be his true enemies in this age of science reason and civilization 56 He combated them with reasoned proofs in the Risale i Nur considering the Risale i Nur as the most effective barrier against the corruption of society caused by these enemies In order to be able to pursue this jihad of the word Nursi insisted that his students avoided any use of force and disruptive action Through positive action and the maintenance of public order and security the supposed damage caused by the forces of unbelief could be repaired by the healing truths of the Quran Said Nursi lived much of his life in prison and in exile persecuted by the secularist state for having invested in religious revival 57 Later life EditAlarmed by the growing popularity of Nursi s teachings which had spread even among the intellectuals and the military officers the government arrested him for allegedly violating laws mandating secularism and sent him to exile He was acquitted of all these charges in 1956 50 In the last decade of his life Said Nursi settled in the city of Isparta After the introduction of the multi party system he advised his followers to vote for the Democratic Party of Adnan Menderes which had restored some religious freedom 50 Said Nursi was a staunch anti Communist denouncing Communism as the greatest danger of the time In 1956 he was allowed to have his writings printed His books are collected under the name Risale i Nur Letters of Divine Light He died of exhaustion after travelling to Urfa 58 He was buried in a tomb opposite the cave where prophet Ibrahim Abraham is widely believed to have been born 59 60 After the military coup d etat in Turkey in 1960 a group of soldiers led by the later right wing politician Alparslan Turkes opened his grave and buried him at an unknown place near Isparta during July 1960 in order to prevent popular veneration 61 62 In Popular Culture EditA Turkish film Free Man based on Nursi s biography was made in 2011 63 See also Edit Islam portal Biography portal Kurdistan portal Turkey portal Free Man film God s Faithful Servant Barla Muhammad Emin Er 1914 2013 one of Said Nursi s students Bediuzzaman Museum a museum inside the Rustem Pasha Medrese at Fatih Istanbul Mustafa SabriReferences Edit a b Sukran Vahide Islam in Modern Turkey Kurdistan An Intellectual Biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi p 3 ISBN 0791482979 Bediuzzaman Said Nursi nin koyu Nurs TRT de via vimeo com Ian Markham Globalization Ethics and Islam The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi Introduction xvii Islam in Modern Turkey Sukran Vahide Suny Press 2005 a b Vahide Sukran 2005 Islam in modern Turkey an intellectual biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SUNY Press p 3 ISBN 978 0 7914 6515 8 They Said Nursi s parents were among the settled Kurdish population of the geographical region the Ottomans called Kurdistan Ozgur Koca Said Nursi s Synthesis of Ash arite Occasionalism and Ibn Arabi s Metaphysical Cosmology Diagonal Occasionalism Modern Science and Free Will UMI Dissertations Publishing p 217 ISBN 9781303619793 ADMIN 28 January 2021 Sufi Ash ari Invoking Jesus a is totally fine and Islamic Ebn Hussein حسن الشمراني المهتدي من التشيع Retrieved 13 March 2021 Ian Markham Engaging with Bediuzzaman Said Nursi A Model of Interfaith Dialogue p 4 ISBN 0754669319 a b c Gerhard Bowering Patricia Crone Mahan Mirza The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought p482 Robert W Hefner Shari a Politics Islamic Law and Society in the Modern World p 170 ISBN 0253223105 a b c David Livingstone Black Terror White Soldiers Islam Fascism and the New Age p 568 ISBN 1481226509 M Hakan Yavuz John L Esposito Turkish Islam and the Secular State The Gulen Movement p 6 پەیامی حەشر سەعید نوورسی in Kurdish Retrieved 21 December 2019 Seide Kurdi ji ber pistgiriya Sex Seid hatiye sirgunkirin Rudaw Retrieved 21 December 2019 Janet Klein 2011 The Margins of Empire Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone pp 106 amp 116 Sukran Vahide 2019 Bediuzzaman Said Nursi Author of the Risale i Nur The Other Press p 195 From Said Nursi s Life Birth and Early Childhood a b Gerhard Bowering Patricia Crone Mahan Mirza The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought p 482 ISBN 0691134847 a b Ian S Markham Suendam Birinci Suendam Birinci Pirim 2011 An Introduction to Said Nursi Life Thought and Writings Ashgate Publishing Ltd p 194 ISBN 978 1 4094 0770 6 Said Nursi Munazarat p 86 The religious sciences are the light of the conscience the modern sciences are the light of the mind only on the combining of the two does the truth emerge The students aspiration will take flight with those two wings When they are parted it gives rise to bigotry in the one and skepticism and trickery in the other Omer Taspinar Kurdish Nationalism and Political Islam in Turkey Kemalist Identity in Transition Middle East Studies History Politics amp Law p 228 ISBN 041594998X Serif Mardin Religion and Social Change in Modern Turkey The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi p 23 ISBN 0887069967 Sukran Vahide Islam in Modern Turkey An Intellectual Biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi p 425 ISBN 0791482979 Akyol Mustafa March 2007 Render Unto Ataturk First Things Retrieved 20 May 2021 Balci Bayram June 2003 Fethullah Gu len s Missionary Schools in Central Asia and their Role in the Spreading of Turkism and Islam Religion State and Society 31 2 153 doi 10 1080 09637490308283 S2CID 145455130 Sukran Vahide 2005 Islam in Modern Turkey State University of New York Press ISBN 0 7914 6515 2 Vahide Sukran 2011 Bediuzzaman Said Nusri Islamic Book Trust p 28 ISBN 978 967 5062 86 5 Abu Rabi Ibrahim M 2003 Islam at the crossroads on the life and thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SUNY Press p xvii ISBN 978 0 7914 5700 9 David Livingstone Black Terror White Soldiers Islam Fascism and the New Age p 568 569 ISBN 1481226509 a b David Tittensor The House of Service The Gulen Movement and Islam s Third Way p 35 ISBN 0199336415 Hakan Ozoglu Osmanli Devleti ve Kurt Milliyetciligi Kitap Yayinevi Ltd 2005 ISBN 978 975 6051 02 3 p 146 Andrew Rippin and Zeki Saritoprak The Islamic World Chapter 33 p 398 Ian S Markham Suendam Birinci Suendam Birinci Pirim 2011 An Introduction to Said Nursi Life Thought and Writings Ashgate Publishing Ltd p 46 ISBN 978 1 4094 0770 6 David Tittensor The House of Service The Gulen Movement and Islam s Third Way p 37 ISBN 0199336415 David Livingstone Black Terror White Soldiers Islam Fascism and the New Age p 569 ISBN 1481226509 Vahide Sukran 2005 Islam in modern Turkey an intellectual biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SUNY Press He offered Nursi Shaikh Sanusi s post as general preacher in the Eastern Provinces with a salary of 300 liras a deputyship in the Assembly and a post equivalent to that he had held in the Daru l Hikmeti l Islamiye together with various perks such as a residence Part 1 Childhood and Early Life chapter 8 Vahide Sukran 2005 Islam in modern Turkey an intellectual biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SUNY Press Said Nursi nin Yesilay in kurucusu oldugu dogru mudur Bu teskilatin Kurtulus Savasi ile hicbir ilgisinin olmadigi soylenmektedir Buna ne dersiniz Is it true that Said Nursi was the founder of the Green Crescent It is said that this organization has nothing to do with the War of Independence How about that Sorularla Risale in Turkish 25 February 2012 The Words The First Word p 18 19 Said Nursi The Words The Seventeenth Word p 229 230 Ali B Husameddin el Muttaki Kitab ul Burhan Fi Alamet il Mehdiyy il Ahir Zaman s 88 Suyuti el kesfu an mucavezeti hazihil ummeti el elfu el havi lil fetavi Suyuti 2 248 Ruhul beyan Bursevi Arapca 4 262 Ahmed bin Hanbel d 855 Kitabu l ilel s 89 a b Kastamonu Lahikasi s 26 Buhari 9 125 162 Muslim 1 137 a b SORU VE CEVAPLARLA RISALE I NUR DA MEHDIYET Sorularla Risale Sorularla Risale 13 October 2010 a b David McDowall 14 May 2004 A Modern History of the Kurds Third Edition I B Tauris pp 210 211 ISBN 978 1 85043 416 0 Sukran Vahide Bediuzzaman Said Nursi p 230 ISBN 967506286X a b c d e Bosworth C E van Donzel E Heinrichs W P Lecomte G 1995 Encyclopaedia of Islam Volume VIII Ned Sam New ed Leiden Netherlands Brill p 144 ISBN 978 9004098343 volume has extra text help Awang Ramli Yusoff Kamaruzaman Ebrahimi Mansoureh Yilmaz Omer 2015 A Challenge from Teaching to Social Movement Bediuzzaman Said Nursi s Struggles for Modification in Turkey Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 6 6 446 doi 10 5901 mjss 2015 v6n6s1p444 Tesettur Risalesi ve Serhi The treatise of hijab and its commentary Nurmend Serhmend in Turkish Archived from the original on 4 August 2020 Acik karalama Sufyan ve bir Islam Deccali Mustafa Kemal Clear scribble Sufyan and an Islamic Dajjal Mustafa Kemal in Turkish Archived from the original on 23 March 2013 Ian S Markham Engaging with Bediuzzaman Said Nursi A Model of Interfaith Dialogue p 15 Quoting Sukran Vahide The Biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi the author of the Risale i Nur Istanbul Sozler Publications 1992 p 352 ISBN 0754669319 Arvind Sharma The World s Religions After September 11 p 92 ISBN 0275996212 Ian S Markham Suendam Birinci Suendam Birinci Pirim An Introduction to Said Nursi Life Thought and Writings p 46 ISBN 1409407713 Gerhard Bowering Patricia Crone Mahan Mirza The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought p 482 Ibrahim M Abu Rabi Islam at the Crossroads On the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi p xxiv ISBN 0791457001 Ibrahim M Abu Rabi Islam at the Crossroads On the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi p xxiii ISBN 0791457001 Ian S Markham Suendam Birinci Suendam Birinci Pirim 2011 An Introduction to Said Nursi Life Thought and Writings Ashgate Publishing Ltd p 17 ISBN 978 1 4094 0770 6 Nursi s Letters Found in Yassiada Archives Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Zaman Yes to 27 May No to 28th in Turkish Turkish Newspaper Yeni Safak 16 August 2003 last accessed 17 June 2014 Free Man 2011 IMDb via m imdb com Sources EditCamilla T Nereid 1997 In the Light of Said Nursi Turkish Nationalism and the Religious Alternative Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies University of Bergen ISBN 978 1 85065 309 7 Sahiner Necmettin Son Sahitler 3 Nesil Yayinlari 2004 Sukran Vahide 16 February 2012 Islam in Modern Turkey An Intellectual Biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SUNY Press ISBN 978 0 7914 8297 1 Ian S Markham Suendam Birinci Suendam Birinci Pirim 2011 An Introduction to Said Nursi Life Thought and Writings Ashgate Publishing Ltd ISBN 978 1 4094 0770 6 Further reading EditAngel Rabasa F Stephen Larrabee 17 June 2008 The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey Rand Corporation ISBN 978 0 8330 4531 7 Ibrahim M Abu Rabi 9 April 2003 Islam at the Crossroads On the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SUNY Press ISBN 978 0 7914 5700 9 Ibrahim M Abu Rabi 24 July 2008 Spiritual Dimensions of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi s Risale I Nur The Supreme Court of Israel and the Occupied Territories SUNY Press ISBN 978 0 7914 7815 8 Fred A Reed 1 January 1999 Anatolia Junction A Journey Into Hidden Turkey Talonbooks Limited ISBN 978 0 88922 426 1 Thomas F Michel 2003 Reflections on Said Nursi s Views on Muslim Christian Understanding Soz Basim Yayin ISBN 978 975 6438 02 2 Thomas F Michel 2013 Insights from the Risale i Nur Said Nursi s Advice for Modern Believers Clifton NJ Tughra Books ISBN 978 1597846783 Serif Mardin 1989 Religion and Social Change in Modern Turkey The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SUNY Press ISBN 978 0 88706 996 3 Ibrahim Kalin Oxford University Press 1 May 2010 Islam in Turkey Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide Oxford University Press ISBN 978 0 19 980651 5 Mustafa Gokhan Sahin Said Nursi and the Nur Movement in Turkey An Atomistic Approach Colin Turner Hasan Horkuc 15 June 2009 Said Nursi Makers of Islamic Civilization I B Tauris ISBN 978 1 84511 774 0 External links Edit Media related to Said Nursi at Wikimedia Commons Biodata at MuslimScholars info Bediuzzaman Said Nursi SaidNur com A comprehensive page about Said Nursi and Risale i Nur Collection in many languages Suffa Vakfi Said Nursi based Organization Risale i Nur The Risale i Nur Collection Bediuzzaman Bediuzzaman Said Nursi A web page including Risale i Nur Collection in various languages Risale i A web page including Risale i Nur Collection in English Academic Researches on Said Nursi A letter about ban of Risale i Nur Collection to President of Russia Medvedev A short biography of Said Nursi Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Said Nursi amp oldid 1051696458, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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