fbpx
Wikipedia

Saint-Denis, Réunion

For other places named Saint-Denis, see Saint Denis (disambiguation) § Places.

Saint-Denis (, French pronunciation: ​, unofficially Saint-Denis de La Réunion for disambiguation; Reunionese Creole: Sin-Dni) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas department and region of Réunion, in the Indian Ocean. It is located at the island's northernmost point, close to the mouth of the Rivière Saint-Denis.

Saint Denis
Panoramic view of the city from the heights of Bellepierre
Coat of arms
Location of Saint Denis
Coordinates:20°52′44″S55°26′53″E /20.8789°S 55.4481°E /-20.8789; 55.4481Coordinates: 20°52′44″S55°26′53″E /20.8789°S 55.4481°E /-20.8789; 55.4481
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentRéunion
ArrondissementSaint-Denis
Canton4 cantons
IntercommunalityNord de la Réunion
Government
• Mayor(2020–2026)Ericka Bareigts (PS)
Area
1
142.79 km2 (55.13 sq mi)
• Metro
(2020)
547.8 km2 (211.5 sq mi)
Population
(Jan. 2018)
150,535
• Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Metro
(Jan. 2018)
309,635
• Metro density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+04:00
INSEE/Postal code
97411 /97400
Elevation0–2,276 m (0–7,467 ft)
(avg. 23 m or 75 ft)
WebsiteVille-saintdenis-reunion.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Bilingual sign in French and Réunion Creole

Saint Denis is the most populous commune in the French overseas departments and the twentieth most populous in all of France. At the 2018 census, there were 309,635 inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Saint Denis (as defined by INSEE), 150,535 of whom lived in the city (commune) of Saint-Denis proper and the remainder in the neighbouring communes of La Possession, Sainte-Marie, Sainte-Suzanne, Saint-André, and Bras-Panon.

Contents

Saint-Denis's former city hall and the Column of Victory.
Former defense at beach in front of Saint-Denis

Saint-Denis was founded by Étienne Regnault in 1669 and became the capital of Réunion in 1738.

Saint Denis from the SPOT satellite

The city is located on the north end of the island, and was a port. Saint Denis was "originally the main port of Réunion, but an artificial harbour at Le Port, on the northwest coast, replaced it in the 1880s, because of unpredictable winds and tides at Saint-Denis." The city includes some of the island's mountains, with a peak elevation of 2,276 meters (7,467 ft) within the metro area, which begins at sea level at the coast line.

The city has many neighbourhoods: Le Barachois, Bellepierre, Bois-de-Nèfles, La Bretagne (Le Cerf), Le Brûlé, Les Camélias, Centre-ville, Champ-Fleuri, La Montagne(Le Colorado, Ruisseau Blanc, Saint-Bernard), Montgaillard, La Providence, La Rivière Saint-Denis (La Redoute), Ruisseau des Noirs, Saint-François, Saint-Jacques, Sainte-Clotilde (Le Butor, le Chaudron, Commune Prima, Domenjod, Le Moufia), La Source, La Trinité, Vauban

Saint-Denis features a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am) with two distinct seasons: a hot and humid wet season from December to April and a very warm, less humid drier season for the remaining seven months of the year, with July to October qualifying as true dry season months. The dry season does typically feature relatively light rain, but it is not wet enough to be a tropical rainforest climate. During the wet season, tropical cyclones often affect the city.

Climate data for Saint-Denis, Réunion (Gillot Airport) (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1953−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.6
(87.1)
29.9
(85.8)
29.0
(84.2)
28.2
(82.8)
29.2
(84.6)
30.5
(86.9)
31.8
(89.2)
34.5
(94.1)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
30.0
(86.0)
29.8
(85.6)
29.1
(84.4)
27.5
(81.5)
26.1
(79.0)
25.2
(77.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.9
(78.6)
26.9
(80.4)
28.1
(82.6)
29.1
(84.4)
27.7
(81.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
25.5
(77.9)
23.9
(75.0)
22.4
(72.3)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
22.1
(71.8)
23.2
(73.8)
24.4
(75.9)
25.7
(78.3)
24.2
(75.6)
Average low °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.0
(71.6)
20.3
(68.5)
18.7
(65.7)
17.9
(64.2)
17.8
(64.0)
18.3
(64.9)
19.5
(67.1)
20.7
(69.3)
22.3
(72.1)
20.6
(69.1)
Record low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.6
(65.5)
18.4
(65.1)
15.6
(60.1)
15.3
(59.5)
13.6
(56.5)
12.9
(55.2)
12.8
(55.0)
13.0
(55.4)
13.4
(56.1)
15.0
(59.0)
17.8
(64.0)
12.8
(55.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 278.6
(10.97)
351.0
(13.82)
232.5
(9.15)
154.3
(6.07)
97.6
(3.84)
76.9
(3.03)
57.8
(2.28)
57.8
(2.28)
50.0
(1.97)
43.4
(1.71)
70.0
(2.76)
188.7
(7.43)
1,658.6
(65.30)
Average precipitation days(≥ 1 mm) 13.3 14.3 13.0 11.3 9.6 7.2 8.8 9.6 8.1 7.1 5.9 11.1 119.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 216.6 194.7 215.3 220.0 212.6 215.8 221.7 210.9 208.1 210.3 211.2 219.7 2,556.9
Source: Meteo France

Saint-Denis is the most populous commune in the French overseas departments. The population of St Denis has grown substantially since 1954, both in the commune and the metropolitan area. In the 64 years from 1954 to the census in 2018, population has more than tripled. The annual rate of population growth has been lower in the 21st century than in the 20th century.

Historical population Saint-Denis (commune)
YearPop.±% p.a.
1954 41,863
1961 65,275+6.30%
1967 85,444+4.57%
1974 103,512+2.78%
1982 109,072+0.71%
1990 121,999+1.41%
1999 131,557+0.84%
2008 144,238+1.05%
2013 142,442−0.25%
2018 150,535+1.11%
Source: INSEE
Historical population Saint-Denis (metropolitan area)
YearPop.±% p.a.
1954 86,267
1961 117,345+4.32%
1967 146,215+3.72%
1974 173,346+2.46%
1982 187,541+1.07%
1990 215,970+1.78%
1999 251,044+1.69%
2008 290,622+1.67%
2013 297,467+0.47%
2018 309,635+0.81%
Source: INSEE

The places of birth of the 304,223 residents in the Saint-Denis metropolitan area at the 2015 census were the following:

The closest airport is Roland Garros Airport, 7 km east of the city in Sainte-Marie, Réunion, which is also the main international airport of Réunion. Air Austral is the regional air carrier, with its Indian Ocean hub located at the airport. The airline has begun serving some cities in mainland France. Five or six other airlines serve the airport. There is a good road network in Saint-Denis.

The hotels in Saint-Denis include Mercure Creolia Hotel, Austral Hotel and Best Western.

Cathedral of Saint Denis.

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Christian churches and temples : Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint-Denis de La Réunion (Catholic Church), Assemblies of God. There are also Muslim mosques.

The University of Reunion Island admits 15,000 students each year, with 6 campus sites in Saint-Denis. Course work is aligned with European standards for university education. There is a school of engineering as well. The language is French, and there are connection with educational institutions in France on the continent of Europe.

The commune maintains various elementary schools for each sector.

IBM has an office in Saint-Denis. The island began organizing to be a digital hub for nearby African nations, relying on its two undersea cables for good internet connections. The potential for services would alter the island's economy, now reliant on sugar, an agricultural product. The University in Saint-Denis has programs to educate the young population in digital skills. New businesses are forming to serve the needs of airlines for software.

Saint Denis, Réunion is twinned with:

Sentenced to exile in Réunion, the Moroccan Rais Abd el-Krim lived a few years in Saint-Denis from 1926.

Prince Bảo Vàng of Vietnam (also known as Yves Claude Vinh San) the son of Emperor Duy Tân, was born and currently resides in Saint Denis, Réunion with his family.

Other people connected with Saint Denis include:

Monument honoring Roland Garros at Le Barachois
  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved8 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. "Historique des populations légales" [History of the legal population]. INSEE. Retrieved12 January 2019.
  4. "Base des aires d'attraction des villes 2020". INSEE. Retrieved22 March 2021.
  5. Tikkanen, Amy (21 June 2019). "Saint-Denis". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved7 July 2019.
  6. "Statistiques 1981−2010 et records GILLOT−AEROPORT (974)"(PDF) (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved7 June 2021.
  7. Populations communales de 1876 à 2018, INSEE
  8. "Recensement de la population de 2015 - Individus localisés au canton-ou-ville en 2015". INSEE. Retrieved3 February 2019.
  9. "Résultats du premier tour et second tour des élections à Saint-Denis". Le Monde. Retrieved8 September 2020.
  10. Melton, J. Gordon; Baumann, Martin, eds. (2010). "Réunion". Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices. 5. ABC-Clio. pp. 2411–2412. ISBN 978-1-59884-204-3. Retrieved1 November 2020.
  11. "University of Reunion Island". Retrieved14 June 2019.
  12. "L'école" (in French). Commune of Saint Denis. Retrieved9 October 2020.
  13. "IBM Réunion". IBM. Retrieved21 October 2009.
  14. Shapshak, Toby (1 December 2016). "How Reunion Is Reinventing Itself As A Digital Hub". Forbes. Retrieved14 June 2019.
  15. "Villes jumelées avec la Ville de Nice" (in French). Ville de Nice. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved24 June 2013.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSaint-Denis (Réunion).
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Saint-Denis.

Saint-Denis, Réunion
Saint Denis Reunion Language Watch Edit For other places named Saint Denis see Saint Denis disambiguation Places Saint Denis ˌ s ae d e ˈ n iː French pronunciation sɛ deni unofficially Saint Denis de La Reunion for disambiguation Reunionese Creole Sin Dni is the prefecture administrative capital of the French overseas department and region of Reunion in the Indian Ocean It is located at the island s northernmost point close to the mouth of the Riviere Saint Denis Saint DenisPrefecture and communePanoramic view of the city from the heights of BellepierreCoat of armsLocation of Saint DenisCoordinates 20 52 44 S 55 26 53 E 20 8789 S 55 4481 E 20 8789 55 4481 Coordinates 20 52 44 S 55 26 53 E 20 8789 S 55 4481 E 20 8789 55 4481CountryFranceOverseas region and departmentReunionArrondissementSaint DenisCanton4 cantonsIntercommunalityNord de la ReunionGovernment Mayor 2020 2026 Ericka Bareigts 1 PS Area1142 79 km2 55 13 sq mi Metro 2020 547 8 km2 211 5 sq mi Population Jan 2018 2 150 535 Density1 100 km2 2 700 sq mi Metro Jan 2018 3 4 309 635 Metro density570 km2 1 500 sq mi Time zoneUTC 04 00INSEE Postal code97411 97400Elevation0 2 276 m 0 7 467 ft avg 23 m or 75 ft WebsiteVille saintdenis reunion fr1 French Land Register data which excludes lakes ponds glaciers gt 1 km2 0 386 sq mi or 247 acres and river estuaries Bilingual sign in French and Reunion Creole Saint Denis is the most populous commune in the French overseas departments and the twentieth most populous in all of France At the 2018 census there were 309 635 inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Saint Denis as defined by INSEE 4 150 535 of whom lived in the city commune of Saint Denis proper and the remainder in the neighbouring communes of La Possession Sainte Marie Sainte Suzanne Saint Andre and Bras Panon 3 Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Demography 5 Transport and accommodation 6 Mayors 7 Culture 8 Places of worship 9 Education 10 Economy 11 International relations 12 Notable residents 13 See also 14 References 15 External linksHistory Edit Saint Denis s former city hall and the Column of Victory Former defense at beach in front of Saint Denis Saint Denis was founded by Etienne Regnault in 1669 and became the capital of Reunion in 1738 Geography Edit Saint Denis from the SPOT satellite The city is located on the north end of the island and was a port Saint Denis was originally the main port of Reunion but an artificial harbour at Le Port on the northwest coast replaced it in the 1880s because of unpredictable winds and tides at Saint Denis The city includes some of the island s mountains with a peak elevation of 2 276 meters 7 467 ft within the metro area which begins at sea level at the coast line 5 The city has many neighbourhoods Le Barachois Bellepierre Bois de Nefles La Bretagne Le Cerf Le Brule Les Camelias Centre ville Champ Fleuri La Montagne Le Colorado Ruisseau Blanc Saint Bernard Montgaillard La Providence La Riviere Saint Denis La Redoute Ruisseau des Noirs Saint Francois Saint Jacques Sainte Clotilde Le Butor le Chaudron Commune Prima Domenjod Le Moufia La Source La Trinite VaubanClimate EditSaint Denis features a tropical monsoon climate Koppen Am with two distinct seasons a hot and humid wet season from December to April and a very warm less humid drier season for the remaining seven months of the year with July to October qualifying as true dry season months The dry season does typically feature relatively light rain but it is not wet enough to be a tropical rainforest climate During the wet season tropical cyclones often affect the city Climate data for Saint Denis Reunion Gillot Airport 1981 2010 normals extremes 1953 present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 35 2 95 4 34 0 93 2 33 1 91 6 32 7 90 9 30 6 87 1 29 9 85 8 29 0 84 2 28 2 82 8 29 2 84 6 30 5 86 9 31 8 89 2 34 5 94 1 35 2 95 4 Average high C F 30 0 86 0 30 0 86 0 29 8 85 6 29 1 84 4 27 5 81 5 26 1 79 0 25 2 77 4 25 3 77 5 25 9 78 6 26 9 80 4 28 1 82 6 29 1 84 4 27 7 81 9 Daily mean C F 26 6 79 9 26 7 80 1 26 4 79 5 25 5 77 9 23 9 75 0 22 4 72 3 21 6 70 9 21 6 70 9 22 1 71 8 23 2 73 8 24 4 75 9 25 7 78 3 24 2 75 6 Average low C F 23 2 73 8 23 5 74 3 23 0 73 4 22 0 71 6 20 3 68 5 18 7 65 7 17 9 64 2 17 8 64 0 18 3 64 9 19 5 67 1 20 7 69 3 22 3 72 1 20 6 69 1 Record low C F 18 2 64 8 18 6 65 5 18 4 65 1 15 6 60 1 15 3 59 5 13 6 56 5 12 9 55 2 12 8 55 0 13 0 55 4 13 4 56 1 15 0 59 0 17 8 64 0 12 8 55 0 Average precipitation mm inches 278 6 10 97 351 0 13 82 232 5 9 15 154 3 6 07 97 6 3 84 76 9 3 03 57 8 2 28 57 8 2 28 50 0 1 97 43 4 1 71 70 0 2 76 188 7 7 43 1 658 6 65 30 Average precipitation days 1 mm 13 3 14 3 13 0 11 3 9 6 7 2 8 8 9 6 8 1 7 1 5 9 11 1 119 4Mean monthly sunshine hours 216 6 194 7 215 3 220 0 212 6 215 8 221 7 210 9 208 1 210 3 211 2 219 7 2 556 9Source Meteo France 6 Demography EditSaint Denis is the most populous commune in the French overseas departments The population of St Denis has grown substantially since 1954 both in the commune and the metropolitan area In the 64 years from 1954 to the census in 2018 population has more than tripled The annual rate of population growth has been lower in the 21st century than in the 20th century Historical population Saint Denis commune YearPop p a 195441 863 196165 275 6 30 196785 444 4 57 1974103 512 2 78 1982109 072 0 71 1990121 999 1 41 1999131 557 0 84 2008144 238 1 05 2013142 442 0 25 2018150 535 1 11 Source INSEE 7 Historical population Saint Denis metropolitan area YearPop p a 195486 267 1961117 345 4 32 1967146 215 3 72 1974173 346 2 46 1982187 541 1 07 1990215 970 1 78 1999251 044 1 69 2008290 622 1 67 2013297 467 0 47 2018309 635 0 81 Source INSEE 7 4 The places of birth of the 304 223 residents in the Saint Denis metropolitan area at the 2015 census were the following 8 81 1 were born in Reunion 11 1 in Metropolitan France 1 1 in Mayotte 0 3 in other parts of Overseas France 6 4 in foreign countries notably Madagascar the Union of the Comoros and Mauritius half of them were immigrants and the other half were children of French citizens born abroad children of Reunionese settlers in Madagascar for example Transport and accommodation EditThe closest airport is Roland Garros Airport 7 km east of the city in Sainte Marie Reunion which is also the main international airport of Reunion Air Austral is the regional air carrier with its Indian Ocean hub located at the airport The airline has begun serving some cities in mainland France Five or six other airlines serve the airport There is a good road network in Saint Denis The hotels in Saint Denis include Mercure Creolia Hotel Austral Hotel and Best Western Mayors Edit2020 present Ericka Bareigts PS 9 2008 2020 Gilbert Annette PS 2001 2008 Rene Paul Victoria UMP 1994 2001 Michel Tamaya PS 1989 1994 Gilbert Annette PS 1969 1989 Auguste Legros RPRCulture EditLeon Dierx Museum art gallery and museum Jardin de l Etat public gardens includes a natural history museum Le Barachois seafront park La Roche Ecrite 15 km 9 mi south of the city summit overlooking Saint Denis with impressive views over the city Brasseries de BourbonPlaces of worship Edit Cathedral of Saint Denis Among the places of worship they are predominantly Christian churches and temples Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Denis de La Reunion Catholic Church Assemblies of God 10 There are also Muslim mosques Education EditThe University of Reunion Island admits 15 000 students each year with 6 campus sites in Saint Denis 11 Course work is aligned with European standards for university education There is a school of engineering as well The language is French and there are connection with educational institutions in France on the continent of Europe The commune maintains various elementary schools for each sector 12 Economy EditIBM has an office in Saint Denis 13 The island began organizing to be a digital hub for nearby African nations relying on its two undersea cables for good internet connections 14 The potential for services would alter the island s economy now reliant on sugar an agricultural product The University in Saint Denis has programs to educate the young population in digital skills 14 New businesses are forming to serve the needs of airlines for software 14 International relations EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in France Saint Denis Reunion is twinned with Metz France Nice France 15 Tangier MoroccoNotable residents EditSentenced to exile in Reunion the Moroccan Rais Abd el Krim lived a few years in Saint Denis from 1926 Prince Bảo Vang of Vietnam also known as Yves Claude Vinh San the son of Emperor Duy Tan was born and currently resides in Saint Denis Reunion with his family Other people connected with Saint Denis include Monument honoring Roland Garros at Le Barachois Felix Guyon 1831 1920 urologist Edouard Herve 1835 1899 journalist and academician Juliette Dodu 1848 1909 resistant to the war of 1870 Ambroise Vollard 1866 1939 art dealer and gallery Raymond Verges 1882 1957 mayor of the town founder of Temoignages Roland Garros 1888 1918 aviator Emile Hugot 1904 1993 industrialist in sugarcane Jean Henri Azema 1913 2000 poet Raymond Barre 1924 2007 politician Daniel Sangouma 1965 sprinter Gerald De Palmas 1967 singer Surya Bonaly 1973 International Olympic Skater Willy Grondin 1974 football player Daniel Narcisse 1979 International handball Valerie Gauvin 1996 football player Julienne Salvat 1932 2019 teacher poet femme de lettres actressSee also EditCommunes of the Reunion departmentReferences Edit Repertoire national des elus les maires data gouv fr Plateforme ouverte des donnees publiques francaises in French 2 December 2020 Retrieved 8 December 2020 Populations legales 2018 The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies 28 December 2020 a b Historique des populations legales History of the legal population INSEE Retrieved 12 January 2019 a b c Base des aires d attraction des villes 2020 INSEE Retrieved 22 March 2021 Tikkanen Amy 21 June 2019 Saint Denis Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 7 July 2019 Statistiques 1981 2010 et records GILLOT AEROPORT 974 PDF in French Meteo France Retrieved 7 June 2021 a b Populations communales de 1876 a 2018 INSEE Recensement de la population de 2015 Individus localises au canton ou ville en 2015 INSEE Retrieved 3 February 2019 Resultats du premier tour et second tour des elections a Saint Denis Le Monde Retrieved 8 September 2020 Melton J Gordon Baumann Martin eds 2010 Reunion Religions of the World A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices 5 ABC Clio pp 2411 2412 ISBN 978 1 59884 204 3 Retrieved 1 November 2020 University of Reunion Island Retrieved 14 June 2019 L ecole in French Commune of Saint Denis Retrieved 9 October 2020 IBM Reunion IBM Retrieved 21 October 2009 a b c Shapshak Toby 1 December 2016 How Reunion Is Reinventing Itself As A Digital Hub Forbes Retrieved 14 June 2019 Villes jumelees avec la Ville de Nice in French Ville de Nice Archived from the original on 29 October 2012 Retrieved 24 June 2013 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Denis Reunion Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Saint Denis Saint Denis Official website in French Tourism Reunion office website in French Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saint Denis Reunion amp oldid 1029399338, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.