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Saint-Tropez

"San Tropez" redirects here. For the Pink Floyd song, see San Tropez (song). For other uses, see Saint-Tropez (disambiguation).

Saint-Tropez (French pronunciation: ​; Occitan: Sant Tropetz, pronounced ;US: ) is a town on the French Riviera, 68 kilometres (42 miles) west of Nice and 100 kilometres (62 miles) east of Marseille in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, Southern France. The adjacent narrow body of water is the Gulf of Saint-Tropez (Golfe de Saint-Tropez).

Saint-Tropez
Sant Tropetz(Occitan)
A view of Saint-Tropez
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Tropez
Saint-Tropez
Show map of France
Saint-Tropez
Show map of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Coordinates:43°16′24″N6°38′23″E /43.273296°N 6.639621°E /43.273296; 6.639621Coordinates: 43°16′24″N6°38′23″E /43.273296°N 6.639621°E /43.273296; 6.639621
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentVar
ArrondissementDraguignan
CantonSainte-Maxime
IntercommunalityGolfe de Saint-Tropez
Government
• Mayor(2020–2026)Sylvie Siri
Area
1
15.18 km2 (5.86 sq mi)
Population
(Jan. 2018)
4,103
• Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)French: Tropéziens
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
83119 /83990
Elevation0–113 m (0–371 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Tropez was a military stronghold and fishing village until the beginning of the 20th century. It was the first town on its coast to be liberated during World War II as part of Operation Dragoon. After the war, it became an internationally known seaside resort, renowned principally because of the influx of artists of the French New Wave in cinema and the Yé-yé movement in music. It later became a resort for the European and American jet set and tourists.

Contents

Aerial view of Saint-Tropez, with Pampelonne beach in background and the citadel and the port in the foreground
Citadel of Saint-Tropez

In 599 B.C., the Phocaeans from Greece founded Massilia (present-day Marseille) and established other coastal mooring sites in the area. Pliny the Elder wrote that the Athenopolis (the ancient name of Saint-Tropez) belonged to the Massilians. In 31 B.C., the Romans invaded the region. Their citizens built many opulent villas in the area, including one known as the "Villa des Platanes" (Villa of the Plane Trees). The first name given to the village was Heraclea-Caccaliera, and the mouth of its gulf was named the Issambres.

The town owes its current name to the early martyr Saint Torpes. Legend tells of his decapitation at Pisa during Nero's reign, with his body placed in a rotten boat along with a rooster and a dog. The body landed at the present-day location of the town of Saint-Tropez.

Toward the end of the ninth century, long after the fall of the Roman Empire in the West, pirates and privateers began a hundred years of attacks and sackings. In the tenth century, the village of La Garde-Freinet was founded 15 km (9 mi) to the north of Saint-Tropez. From 890 to 972, Saint-Tropez and its surroundings became an Arab Muslim colony dominated by the nearby Saracenic settlement of Fraxinet.; in 940, Saint-Tropez was controlled by Nasr ibn Ahmad. From 961 to 963, Adalbert, son of Berengar, the pretender to the throne of Lombardy who was pursued by Otto I, hid at Saint-Tropez. In 972, the Muslims of Saint-Tropez held the abbot of Cluny, Maïeul for ransom.

In 976, William I, Count of Provence, Lord of Grimaud, began attacking the Muslims, and in 980 he built a tower where the Suffren tower now stands. In 1079 and 1218, Papal bulls mentioned the existence of a manor at Saint-Tropez.

Saint-Tropez "le vieux port" (the old port)

From 1436, Count René I (the "good King René") tried to repopulate Provence. He created the Barony of Grimaud and appealed to the Genoan Raphael de Garezzio, a wealthy gentleman who had sent a fleet of caravels carrying 60 Genoese families to the area. In return, Count René promised to exempt the citizens from taxation. On 14 February 1470, Jean de Cossa, Baron of Grimaud and Grand Seneschal of Provence, agreed that the Genoan could build city walls and two large towers, which still stand: one tower is at the end of the Grand Môle and the other is at the entrance to the Ponche.

The city became a small republic with its own fleet and army and was administered by two consuls and 12 elected councillors. In 1558, the city's captain Honorat Coste was empowered to protect the city. The captain led a militia and mercenaries who successfully resisted attacks by the Turks and Spanish, succored Fréjus and Antibes and helped the Archbishop of Bordeaux regain control of the Lérins Islands.

In 1577, the daughter of the Marquis Lord of Castellane, Genevieve de Castilla, married Jean-Baptiste de Suffren, Marquis de Saint-Cannet, Baron de La Môle, and advisor to the parliament of Provence. The lordship of Saint-Tropez became the prerogative of the De Suffren family. One of the most notable members of this family was the later vice-admiral Pierre André de Suffren de Saint-Tropez (1729–1788), veteran of the War of the Austrian Succession, the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War.

In September 1615, Saint-Tropez was visited by a delegation led by the Japanese samurai Hasekura Tsunenaga that was on its way to Rome but was forced by weather to stop in the town. This may have been the first contact between the French and the Japanese.

Bust of Saint-Tropez during the Bravades

The local noblemen were responsible for raising an army that repulsed a fleet of Spanish galleons on 15 June 1637; Les Bravades des Espagnols, a local religious and military celebration, commemorates this victory of the Tropezian militia. Count René's promise in 1436 to not tax the citizens of Saint-Tropez was honored until 1672, when Louis XIV abrogated it as he imposed French control.

The Gulf of Saint-Tropez was known as the Gulf of Grimaud until the end of the 19th century.

During the 1920s, Saint-Tropez attracted famous figures from the world of fashion such as Coco Chanel and Elsa Schiaparelli. During World War II, the landing on 15 August 1944 began the Allied invasion of southern France, Operation Dragoon. In the 1950s, Saint-Tropez became internationally renowned as the setting for such films as And God Created Woman, which starred French actress Brigitte Bardot.

In May 1965, an Aérospatiale Super Frelon pre-production aircraft crashed in the gulf, killing its pilot.

On 4 March 1970, the French submarine Eurydice, with its home port as Saint-Tropez, disappeared in the Mediterranean with 57 crew aboard after a mysterious explosion.

The English rock band Pink Floyd wrote a song named "San Tropez" after the town. Saint-Tropez was also mentioned in David Gates's 1978 hit "Took the Last Train", Kraftwerk's "Tour de France" and in Aerosmith's "Permanent Vacation". Rappers including Diddy, Jay-Z and 50 Cent refer to the city in some of their songs as a favorite vacation destination, usually reached by yacht. DJ Antoine wrote a song called "Welcome to St. Tropez".

The motto of Saint-Tropez is Ad usque fidelis, Latin for "faithful to the end". After the Dark Age of plundering the French Riviera, Raphaël de Garesio landed in Saint-Tropez on 14 February 1470, with 22 men, simple peasants or sailors who had left the overcrowded Italian Riviera. They rebuilt and repopulated the area, and in exchange were granted by a representative of the "good king," Jean de Cossa, Baron of Grimaud and Seneschal of Provence, various privileges, including some previously reserved exclusively for lords, such as exemptions from taxes status and the right to bear arms. About ten years later, a great wall with towers stood watch to protect the new houses from sea and land attack; some 60 families formed the new community. On 19 July 1479, the new Home Act was signed, "the rebirth charter of Saint-Tropez."

St. Tropez was not known and popular until the film "And God Created Woman" was filmed there in 1956 starring Brigitte Bardot. The film showed off the village's beauty and charm.

Saint-Tropez has a hot-summer mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers, although daytime temperatures are somewhat moderated by its coastal position.

Climate data for Saint-Tropez
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
16.5
(61.7)
19.7
(67.5)
23.4
(74.1)
27.0
(80.6)
27.3
(81.1)
24.3
(75.7)
20.2
(68.4)
15.6
(60.1)
13.0
(55.4)
18.8
(65.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.6
(49.3)
11.0
(51.8)
13.2
(55.8)
16.3
(61.3)
20.0
(68.0)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
20.8
(69.4)
17.1
(62.8)
12.8
(55.0)
10.3
(50.5)
15.6
(60.1)
Average low °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
6.6
(43.9)
7.8
(46.0)
9.8
(49.6)
13.0
(55.4)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
17.3
(63.1)
14.1
(57.4)
9.9
(49.8)
7.5
(45.5)
6.0
(42.8)
12.3
(54.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82.4
(3.24)
82.8
(3.26)
64.7
(2.55)
53.2
(2.09)
40.1
(1.58)
25.7
(1.01)
15.5
(0.61)
27.8
(1.09)
57.0
(2.24)
104.9
(4.13)
85.7
(3.37)
72.2
(2.84)
711.8
(28.02)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 147.8 148.9 203.2 252.1 234.9 280.6 310.3 355.5 319.5 247.0 201.5 145.5 2,748.1
Source: Climatologie mensuelle à la station de Cap Camarat.
The Hôtel Byblos is a Grand Hotel built in the mid-1960s

The main economic resource of Saint-Tropez is tourism. The city is well known for the Hôtel Byblos and for Les Caves du Roy, a member of the Leading Hotels of the World; its 1967 inauguration featuring Brigitte Bardot and Gunter Sachs was an international event.

Beaches

Tropezian Tahiti beach in 2011

Tropezian beaches are located along the coast in the Baie de Pampelonne, which lies south of Saint-Tropez and east of Ramatuelle. Pampelonne offers a collection of beaches along its five-kilometre shore. Each beach is around 30 metres wide with its own beach hut and private or public tanning area.

Many of the beaches offer windsurfing, sailing and canoeing equipment for rent, while others offer motorized water sports, such as power boats, jet bikes, water skiing and scuba diving. Some of the beaches are naturist beaches. There are also many exclusive beach clubs. One of the most famous beaches is Bagatelle, a popular destination of many wealthy people from around the world.

Toplessness and nudity

Saint-Tropez's Tahiti Beach, which had been popularised in the film And God Created Woman featuring Brigitte Bardot, emerged as a clothing-optional destination, but the mayor of Saint-Tropez ordered police to ban toplessness and to watch over the beach via helicopter. The "clothing fights" between the gendarmerie and nudists become the main topic of a famous French comedy film series, Le gendarme de Saint-Tropez (The Troops of St. Tropez) featuring Louis de Funès. In the end, the nudist side prevailed. Topless sunbathing is now the norm for both men and women from Pampelonne beaches to yachts in the centre of Saint-Tropez port. The Tahiti beach is now clothing-optional, but nudists often head to private nudist beaches, such as that in Cap d'Agde.

Port

Saint Tropez Port View
Aerial view of Saint-Tropez

The port was widely used during the 18th century; in 1789 it was visited by 80 ships. Saint-Tropez's shipyards built tartanes and three-masted ships that could carry 1,000 to 12,200 barrels. The town was the site of various associated trades, including fishing, cork, wine and wood. The town had a school of hydrography. In 1860, the flagship of the merchant navy, named The Queen of the Angels (La Reine des Anges, a three-masted ship of 740 barrels capacity), was built at Saint-Tropez.

Its role as a commercial port declined, and it is now primarily a tourist spot and a base for many well-known sail regattas. There is fast boat transportation with Les Bateaux Verts to Sainte-Maxime on the other side of the bay and to Port Grimaud, Marines de Cogolin, Les Issambres and St-Aygulf.

Events

Les Bravades de Saint-Tropez

Les Bravades de Saint-Tropez is an annual celebration held in the middle of May when people of the town celebrate their patron saint, Torpes of Pisa, and their military achievements. One of the oldest traditions of Provence, it has been held for more than 450 years since the citizens of Saint-Tropez were first given special permission to form a militia to protect the town from the Barbary pirates. During the three-day celebration, the various militias in costumes of the time fire their muskets into the air at traditional stops, march to the sound of bands and parade St. Torpes's bust. The townspeople also attend a mass wearing traditional Provençal costume.

Les Voiles de Saint-Tropez

Each year, at the end of September, a regatta is held in the bay of Saint-Tropez (Les Voiles de Saint-Tropez). Many yachts are entered, some as long as 50 metres. Many tourists come to the location for this event, or as a stop on their trip to Cannes, Marseille or Nice.

The Tarte tropézienne is a traditional cake invented by a Polish confectioner who had set up shop in Saint-Tropez in the mid-1950s, and made famous by actress Brigitte Bardot.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,629
1800 3,156−1.98%
1806 3,319+0.84%
1821 3,360+0.08%
1831 3,736+1.07%
1836 3,637−0.54%
1841 3,538−0.55%
1846 3,647+0.61%
1851 3,595−0.29%
1856 3,640+0.25%
1861 3,558−0.45%
1866 3,739+1.00%
1872 3,532−0.94%
1876 3,531−0.01%
1881 3,545+0.08%
1886 3,636+0.51%
1891 3,533−0.57%
1896 3,599+0.37%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,704+0.58%
1906 3,708+0.02%
1911 3,704−0.02%
1921 3,842+0.37%
1926 4,324+2.39%
1931 4,589+1.20%
1936 4,102−2.22%
1946 4,161+0.14%
1954 4,925+2.13%
1962 5,668+1.77%
1968 6,130+1.31%
1975 5,427−1.73%
1982 6,213+1.95%
1990 5,754−0.95%
1999 5,444−0.61%
2007 5,640+0.44%
2012 4,452−4.62%
2017 4,352−0.45%
Source: EHESS and INSEE

Transport to and from Saint-Tropez

By sea

Saint-Tropez marina

The 800-berth port with two marinas hosts boats, including ferries. In the summer season, there is a ferry service between St-Tropez and Nice, Sainte-Maxime, Cannes, Saint Raphael. Private yachts may also be chartered.

By air

There is no airport in Saint-Tropez, but there is a charter service to and from clubs, the town and Tropezian beaches by helicopter.

The nearest airport is La Môle – Saint-Tropez Airport (IATA: LTT, ICAO: LFTZ) located in La Môle, 15 km (9 mi) (8 NM) southwest of Saint-Tropez.

Other main airports are:

By land

There is no rail station in Saint-Tropez. The nearest station is Saint-Raphaël-Valescure, located in Saint-Raphaël (39 km (24 mi) from Saint-Tropez), which also offers a boat service to Saint-Tropez. There is also direct bus service to Saint-Tropez, and the rail station is connected with bus station.

There is a bus station in Saint-Tropez called the Gare routière de Saint-Tropez, located in Place Blanqui. It is operated by Var department transport division Varlib [fr], which employs other transport companies to operate routes.

There are taxi services, including from Nice airport to Saint-Tropez, but they are expensive because of the long distances and the area's wealth.

In the tourist season, traffic problems may be expected on roads to Saint-Tropez, so the fastest way to travel is by scooter or bike. There is no direct highway to the village. There are three main roads to Saint-Tropez:

  • Via the A8 (E80) with the sign "Draguignan, Le Muy-Golfe de Saint-Tropez" – RD 25 Sainte-Maxime, 19 km (12 mi) -> on the former RN 98 – 12 km (7 mi).
  • A57 with the sign "The Cannet des Maures" -> DR 558, 24 km (15 mi) Grimaud until then by the RD 61 – 9 km (6 mi) through the famous intersection of La Foux.
  • Near the sea, the former RN 98 connects to Toulon-La Valette-du-Var, Saint-Raphaël, Cannes, Nice, Monaco, DR 93, called "Beach Road", with destinations to Pampelonne, Ramatuelle and La Croix – Valmer.

Some services show the actual traffic on the main roads near Saint-Tropez, for example in English: Via

Town transport

Public transport in Saint-Tropez includes minibuses, providing shuttle service between town and Pampelonne beaches.

Other means of transport include scooters, cars, bicycles and taxis. There are also helicopter services and boat trips.

Because of traffic and short distances, walking is an obvious choice for trips around town and to the Tropezian beaches.

Paul Signac, Leaving the port of Saint-Tropez, 1901
Paintings Galerie Ivan

The town has health facilities, a cinema, a library, an outdoor center and a recreation center for youth.

Schools include: École maternelle (kindergartenpreschool) – l'Escouleto, écoles primaires (primary schoolsprimary education): Louis Blanc and Les Lauriers, collège d'enseignement secondaire (secondary school, high school – secondary education) – Moulin Blanc.

There are more than 1,000 students distributed among kindergartens, primary schools and one high school. In 2011, there were 275 students in high school and 51 people employed there, of whom 23 were teachers.

Art

Saint-Tropez plays a major role in the history of modern art. Paul Signac discovered this light-filled place that inspired painters such as Matisse, Pierre Bonnard and Albert Marquet to come to Saint-Tropez. The painting styles of pointillism and fauvism emerged in Saint-Tropez. Saint-Tropez was also attractive for the next generation of painters: Bernard Buffet, David Hockney, Massimo Campigli and Donald Sultan lived and worked there. Today, Stefan Szczesny continues this tradition.

The contemporary artist Philippe Shangti imagined the design of Le Quai and L'Opera, restaurants located on the port of Saint-Tropez where he also exhibits his art collections. Centered on a specific theme, he always denounces different problems affecting society with provocative artworks.

Saint-Tropez is twinned with:

The most famous persons connected with Saint-Tropez include the semi-legendary martyr who gave his name to the town, Saint Torpes of Pisa; Hasekura Tsunenaga, probably the first Japanese in Europe, who landed in Saint-Tropez in 1615; a hero of the American Revolutionary War, Admiral Pierre André de Suffren de Saint-Tropez; the icon of modern Saint-Tropez, Brigitte Bardot, who started the clothes-optional revolution and still lives in the Saint-Tropez area; Louis de Funès, who played the character of the gendarme (police officer) in the French comedy film series Le Gendarme de Saint-Tropez and also helped establish the international image of Saint-Tropez as both a quiet town and a modern jet-set holiday target.

Non-exhaustive filmography

Television series

  • Sous le soleil, broadcast in over 100 countries by the name "Saint-Tropez"

Literature

Wikimedia Commons has media related toPaintings of Saint-Tropez.

Painting

Port of Saint-Tropez
Paul Signac (1899)

Music

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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Saint-Tropez.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSaint-Tropez.

Saint-Tropez
Saint Tropez Language Watch Edit San Tropez redirects here For the Pink Floyd song see San Tropez song For other uses see Saint Tropez disambiguation Saint Tropez French pronunciation sɛ tʁɔpe Occitan Sant Tropetz pronounced san t tʀuˈpes US ˌ s ae n t r oʊ ˈ p eɪ SAN troh PAY 3 is a town on the French Riviera 68 kilometres 42 miles west of Nice and 100 kilometres 62 miles east of Marseille in the Var department of the Provence Alpes Cote d Azur region Southern France The adjacent narrow body of water is the Gulf of Saint Tropez Golfe de Saint Tropez Saint Tropez Sant Tropetz Occitan CommuneA view of Saint TropezFlagCoat of armsLocation of Saint TropezSaint TropezShow map of FranceSaint TropezShow map of Provence Alpes Cote d AzurCoordinates 43 16 24 N 6 38 23 E 43 273296 N 6 639621 E 43 273296 6 639621 Coordinates 43 16 24 N 6 38 23 E 43 273296 N 6 639621 E 43 273296 6 639621CountryFranceRegionProvence Alpes Cote d AzurDepartmentVarArrondissementDraguignanCantonSainte MaximeIntercommunalityGolfe de Saint TropezGovernment Mayor 2020 2026 Sylvie SiriArea115 18 km2 5 86 sq mi Population Jan 2018 1 4 103 Density270 km2 700 sq mi Demonym s French Tropeziens 2 tʁɔpezjɛ Time zoneUTC 01 00 CET Summer DST UTC 02 00 CEST INSEE Postal code83119 83990Elevation0 113 m 0 371 ft avg 15 m or 49 ft 1 French Land Register data which excludes lakes ponds glaciers gt 1 km2 0 386 sq mi or 247 acres and river estuaries Saint Tropez was a military stronghold and fishing village until the beginning of the 20th century It was the first town on its coast to be liberated during World War II as part of Operation Dragoon After the war it became an internationally known seaside resort renowned principally because of the influx of artists of the French New Wave in cinema and the Ye ye movement in music It later became a resort for the European and American jet set and tourists Contents 1 History 2 Climate 3 Economy 3 1 Beaches 3 1 1 Toplessness and nudity 3 2 Port 3 3 Events 3 3 1 Les Bravades de Saint Tropez 3 3 2 Les Voiles de Saint Tropez 4 Traditional dishes 5 Demographics 6 Infrastructure 6 1 Transport to and from Saint Tropez 6 2 Town transport 7 Culture education and sport 7 1 Art 8 International relations 9 Famous persons connected with Saint Tropez 10 Gallery 11 List of media connected with Saint Tropez 12 References 13 External linksHistory Edit Aerial view of Saint Tropez with Pampelonne beach in background and the citadel and the port in the foreground Citadel of Saint Tropez In 599 B C the Phocaeans from Greece founded Massilia present day Marseille and established other coastal mooring sites in the area Pliny the Elder wrote that the Athenopolis the ancient name of Saint Tropez belonged to the Massilians 4 In 31 B C the Romans invaded the region Their citizens built many opulent villas in the area including one known as the Villa des Platanes Villa of the Plane Trees The first name given to the village was Heraclea Caccaliera and the mouth of its gulf was named the Issambres The town owes its current name to the early martyr Saint Torpes Legend tells of his decapitation at Pisa during Nero s reign with his body placed in a rotten boat along with a rooster and a dog The body landed at the present day location of the town of Saint Tropez 5 6 7 Toward the end of the ninth century long after the fall of the Roman Empire in the West pirates and privateers began a hundred years of attacks and sackings In the tenth century the village of La Garde Freinet was founded 15 km 9 mi to the north of Saint Tropez From 890 to 972 Saint Tropez and its surroundings became an Arab Muslim colony dominated by the nearby Saracenic settlement of Fraxinet 8 9 in 940 Saint Tropez was controlled by Nasr ibn Ahmad 9 From 961 to 963 Adalbert son of Berengar the pretender to the throne of Lombardy who was pursued by Otto I hid at Saint Tropez 9 In 972 the Muslims of Saint Tropez held the abbot of Cluny Maieul for ransom 9 In 976 William I Count of Provence Lord of Grimaud began attacking the Muslims and in 980 he built a tower where the Suffren tower now stands In 1079 and 1218 Papal bulls mentioned the existence of a manor at Saint Tropez Saint Tropez le vieux port the old port From 1436 Count Rene I the good King Rene tried to repopulate Provence He created the Barony of Grimaud and appealed to the Genoan Raphael de Garezzio a wealthy gentleman who had sent a fleet of caravels carrying 60 Genoese families to the area In return Count Rene promised to exempt the citizens from taxation On 14 February 1470 Jean de Cossa Baron of Grimaud and Grand Seneschal of Provence agreed that the Genoan could build city walls and two large towers which still stand one tower is at the end of the Grand Mole and the other is at the entrance to the Ponche The city became a small republic with its own fleet and army and was administered by two consuls and 12 elected councillors In 1558 the city s captain Honorat Coste was empowered to protect the city The captain led a militia and mercenaries who successfully resisted attacks by the Turks and Spanish succored Frejus and Antibes and helped the Archbishop of Bordeaux regain control of the Lerins Islands In 1577 the daughter of the Marquis Lord of Castellane Genevieve de Castilla married Jean Baptiste de Suffren Marquis de Saint Cannet Baron de La Mole and advisor to the parliament of Provence The lordship of Saint Tropez became the prerogative of the De Suffren family One of the most notable members of this family was the later vice admiral Pierre Andre de Suffren de Saint Tropez 1729 1788 veteran of the War of the Austrian Succession the Seven Years War and the American Revolutionary War In September 1615 Saint Tropez was visited by a delegation led by the Japanese samurai Hasekura Tsunenaga that was on its way to Rome but was forced by weather to stop in the town This may have been the first contact between the French and the Japanese Bust of Saint Tropez during the Bravades The local noblemen were responsible for raising an army that repulsed a fleet of Spanish galleons on 15 June 1637 Les Bravades des Espagnols a local religious and military celebration commemorates this victory of the Tropezian militia 10 Count Rene s promise in 1436 to not tax the citizens of Saint Tropez was honored until 1672 when Louis XIV abrogated it as he imposed French control The Gulf of Saint Tropez was known as the Gulf of Grimaud until the end of the 19th century During the 1920s Saint Tropez attracted famous figures from the world of fashion such as Coco Chanel and Elsa Schiaparelli During World War II the landing on 15 August 1944 began the Allied invasion of southern France Operation Dragoon In the 1950s Saint Tropez became internationally renowned as the setting for such films as And God Created Woman which starred French actress Brigitte Bardot In May 1965 an Aerospatiale Super Frelon pre production aircraft crashed in the gulf killing its pilot On 4 March 1970 the French submarine Eurydice with its home port as Saint Tropez disappeared in the Mediterranean with 57 crew aboard after a mysterious explosion The English rock band Pink Floyd wrote a song named San Tropez after the town Saint Tropez was also mentioned in David Gates s 1978 hit Took the Last Train Kraftwerk s Tour de France and in Aerosmith s Permanent Vacation Rappers including Diddy Jay Z and 50 Cent refer to the city in some of their songs as a favorite vacation destination usually reached by yacht DJ Antoine wrote a song called Welcome to St Tropez The motto of Saint Tropez is Ad usque fidelis Latin for faithful to the end After the Dark Age of plundering the French Riviera Raphael de Garesio landed in Saint Tropez on 14 February 1470 with 22 men simple peasants or sailors who had left the overcrowded Italian Riviera They rebuilt and repopulated the area and in exchange were granted by a representative of the good king Jean de Cossa Baron of Grimaud and Seneschal of Provence various privileges including some previously reserved exclusively for lords such as exemptions from taxes status and the right to bear arms About ten years later a great wall with towers stood watch to protect the new houses from sea and land attack some 60 families formed the new community On 19 July 1479 the new Home Act was signed the rebirth charter of Saint Tropez 11 St Tropez was not known and popular until the film And God Created Woman was filmed there in 1956 starring Brigitte Bardot The film showed off the village s beauty and charm Climate EditSaint Tropez has a hot summer mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers although daytime temperatures are somewhat moderated by its coastal position Climate data for Saint TropezMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high C F 12 1 53 8 12 6 54 7 14 3 57 7 16 5 61 7 19 7 67 5 23 4 74 1 27 0 80 6 27 3 81 1 24 3 75 7 20 2 68 4 15 6 60 1 13 0 55 4 18 8 65 8 Daily mean C F 9 3 48 7 9 6 49 3 11 0 51 8 13 2 55 8 16 3 61 3 20 0 68 0 23 3 73 9 23 4 74 1 20 8 69 4 17 1 62 8 12 8 55 0 10 3 50 5 15 6 60 1 Average low C F 6 5 43 7 6 6 43 9 7 8 46 0 9 8 49 6 13 0 55 4 16 5 61 7 19 5 67 1 17 3 63 1 14 1 57 4 9 9 49 8 7 5 45 5 6 0 42 8 12 3 54 1 Average precipitation mm inches 82 4 3 24 82 8 3 26 64 7 2 55 53 2 2 09 40 1 1 58 25 7 1 01 15 5 0 61 27 8 1 09 57 0 2 24 104 9 4 13 85 7 3 37 72 2 2 84 711 8 28 02 Mean monthly sunshine hours 147 8 148 9 203 2 252 1 234 9 280 6 310 3 355 5 319 5 247 0 201 5 145 5 2 748 1Source Climatologie mensuelle a la station de Cap Camarat 12 Economy Edit The Hotel Byblos is a Grand Hotel built in the mid 1960s The main economic resource of Saint Tropez is tourism The city is well known for the Hotel Byblos and for Les Caves du Roy a member of the Leading Hotels of the World its 1967 inauguration featuring Brigitte Bardot and Gunter Sachs was an international event Beaches Edit Tropezian Tahiti beach in 2011 Tropezian beaches are located along the coast in the Baie de Pampelonne which lies south of Saint Tropez and east of Ramatuelle Pampelonne offers a collection of beaches along its five kilometre shore Each beach is around 30 metres wide with its own beach hut and private or public tanning area Many of the beaches offer windsurfing sailing and canoeing equipment for rent while others offer motorized water sports such as power boats jet bikes water skiing and scuba diving Some of the beaches are naturist beaches There are also many exclusive beach clubs One of the most famous beaches is Bagatelle a popular destination of many wealthy people from around the world Toplessness and nudity Edit Saint Tropez s Tahiti Beach which had been popularised in the film And God Created Woman featuring Brigitte Bardot emerged as a clothing optional destination 13 but the mayor of Saint Tropez ordered police to ban toplessness and to watch over the beach via helicopter 14 The clothing fights between the gendarmerie and nudists become the main topic of a famous French comedy film series Le gendarme de Saint Tropez The Troops of St Tropez featuring Louis de Funes In the end the nudist side prevailed 15 Topless sunbathing is now the norm for both men and women from Pampelonne beaches to yachts in the centre of Saint Tropez port 16 The Tahiti beach is now clothing optional but nudists often head to private nudist beaches such as that in Cap d Agde 17 Port Edit Saint Tropez Port View Aerial view of Saint Tropez The port was widely used during the 18th century in 1789 it was visited by 80 ships Saint Tropez s shipyards built tartanes and three masted ships that could carry 1 000 to 12 200 barrels The town was the site of various associated trades including fishing cork wine and wood The town had a school of hydrography In 1860 the flagship of the merchant navy named The Queen of the Angels La Reine des Anges a three masted ship of 740 barrels capacity was built at Saint Tropez Its role as a commercial port declined and it is now primarily a tourist spot and a base for many well known sail regattas There is fast boat transportation with Les Bateaux Verts to Sainte Maxime on the other side of the bay and to Port Grimaud Marines de Cogolin Les Issambres and St Aygulf Events Edit Les Bravades de Saint Tropez Edit Les Bravades de Saint Tropez is an annual celebration held in the middle of May when people of the town celebrate their patron saint Torpes of Pisa and their military achievements One of the oldest traditions of Provence it has been held for more than 450 years since the citizens of Saint Tropez were first given special permission to form a militia to protect the town from the Barbary pirates During the three day celebration the various militias in costumes of the time fire their muskets into the air at traditional stops march to the sound of bands and parade St Torpes s bust The townspeople also attend a mass wearing traditional Provencal costume Les Voiles de Saint Tropez Edit Les Voiles de Saint Tropez Each year at the end of September a regatta is held in the bay of Saint Tropez Les Voiles de Saint Tropez Many yachts are entered some as long as 50 metres Many tourists come to the location for this event or as a stop on their trip to Cannes Marseille or Nice Traditional dishes EditThe Tarte tropezienne is a traditional cake invented by a Polish confectioner who had set up shop in Saint Tropez in the mid 1950s and made famous by actress Brigitte Bardot 18 Demographics EditHistorical populationYearPop p a 17933 629 18003 156 1 98 18063 319 0 84 18213 360 0 08 18313 736 1 07 18363 637 0 54 18413 538 0 55 18463 647 0 61 18513 595 0 29 18563 640 0 25 18613 558 0 45 18663 739 1 00 18723 532 0 94 18763 531 0 01 18813 545 0 08 18863 636 0 51 18913 533 0 57 18963 599 0 37 YearPop p a 19013 704 0 58 19063 708 0 02 19113 704 0 02 19213 842 0 37 19264 324 2 39 19314 589 1 20 19364 102 2 22 19464 161 0 14 19544 925 2 13 19625 668 1 77 19686 130 1 31 19755 427 1 73 19826 213 1 95 19905 754 0 95 19995 444 0 61 20075 640 0 44 20124 452 4 62 20174 352 0 45 Source EHESS 19 and INSEE 20 Infrastructure EditTransport to and from Saint Tropez Edit By sea Saint Tropez marina The 800 berth port with two marinas hosts boats including ferries In the summer season there is a ferry service between St Tropez and Nice Sainte Maxime Cannes Saint Raphael 21 Private yachts may also be chartered By air There is no airport in Saint Tropez but there is a charter service to and from clubs the town and Tropezian beaches by helicopter 22 The nearest airport is La Mole Saint Tropez Airport IATA LTT ICAO LFTZ located in La Mole 15 km 9 mi 8 NM southwest of Saint Tropez 23 Other main airports are Nice Cote d Azur Airport IATA NCE ICAO LFMN 95 km Toulon Hyeres Airport IATA TLN ICAO LFTH 52 km Marseille Provence Airport French Aeroport de Marseille Provence IATA MRS ICAO LFML 158 km 24 25 By land There is no rail station in Saint Tropez The nearest station is Saint Raphael Valescure located in Saint Raphael 39 km 24 mi from Saint Tropez which also offers a boat service to Saint Tropez 26 There is also direct bus service to Saint Tropez and the rail station is connected with bus station 27 28 There is a bus station in Saint Tropez called the Gare routiere de Saint Tropez located in Place Blanqui 29 It is operated by Var department transport division Varlib fr which employs other transport companies to operate routes There are taxi services including from Nice airport to Saint Tropez but they are expensive because of the long distances and the area s wealth 28 In the tourist season traffic problems may be expected on roads to Saint Tropez 30 so the fastest way to travel is by scooter or bike There is no direct highway to the village There are three main roads to Saint Tropez Via the A8 E80 with the sign Draguignan Le Muy Golfe de Saint Tropez RD 25 Sainte Maxime 19 km 12 mi gt on the former RN 98 12 km 7 mi A57 with the sign The Cannet des Maures gt DR 558 24 km 15 mi Grimaud until then by the RD 61 9 km 6 mi through the famous intersection of La Foux Near the sea the former RN 98 connects to Toulon La Valette du Var Saint Raphael Cannes Nice Monaco DR 93 called Beach Road with destinations to Pampelonne Ramatuelle and La Croix Valmer Some services show the actual traffic on the main roads near Saint Tropez for example in English Via Town transport Edit Public transport in Saint Tropez includes minibuses providing shuttle service between town and Pampelonne beaches 24 Other means of transport include scooters cars bicycles and taxis 31 There are also helicopter services 32 and boat trips 33 Because of traffic and short distances walking is an obvious choice for trips around town and to the Tropezian beaches 34 Culture education and sport Edit Paul Signac Leaving the port of Saint Tropez 1901 Paintings Galerie Ivan The town has health facilities a cinema a library an outdoor center and a recreation center for youth 35 Schools include Ecole maternelle kindergarten preschool l Escouleto ecoles primaires primary schools primary education Louis Blanc and Les Lauriers college d enseignement secondaire secondary school high school secondary education Moulin Blanc 36 37 There are more than 1 000 students distributed among kindergartens primary schools and one high school 38 In 2011 there were 275 students in high school and 51 people employed there of whom 23 were teachers 39 Art Edit Saint Tropez plays a major role in the history of modern art Paul Signac discovered this light filled place that inspired painters such as Matisse Pierre Bonnard and Albert Marquet to come to Saint Tropez The painting styles of pointillism and fauvism emerged in Saint Tropez Saint Tropez was also attractive for the next generation of painters Bernard Buffet David Hockney Massimo Campigli and Donald Sultan lived and worked there Today Stefan Szczesny continues this tradition The contemporary artist Philippe Shangti imagined the design of Le Quai and L Opera restaurants located on the port of Saint Tropez where he also exhibits his art collections Centered on a specific theme he always denounces different problems affecting society with provocative artworks 40 International relations EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in France Saint Tropez is twinned with Vittoriosa Malta 41 42 Famous persons connected with Saint Tropez Edit Saint Torpes of Pisa Portrait of Hasekura Tsunenaga Statue of Admiral de Suffren de Saint Tropez Brigitte Bardot at Saint Tropez 1963 Louis de Funes during filming The most famous persons connected with Saint Tropez include the semi legendary martyr who gave his name to the town Saint Torpes of Pisa Hasekura Tsunenaga probably the first Japanese in Europe who landed in Saint Tropez in 1615 a hero of the American Revolutionary War Admiral Pierre Andre de Suffren de Saint Tropez the icon of modern Saint Tropez Brigitte Bardot who started the clothes optional revolution and still lives in the Saint Tropez area 43 Louis de Funes who played the character of the gendarme police officer in the French comedy film series Le Gendarme de Saint Tropez and also helped establish the international image of Saint Tropez as both a quiet town and a modern jet set holiday target 44 Gallery Edit Cannons of the Citadel Tour Jarlier Luxury boats Sailboats Harbour promenade with cafes Old gendarmerie station popular spot for photographs 45 cf Le Gendarme de Saint Tropez Tarte tropezienne Tropezian pie The main gate to CitadelList of media connected with Saint Tropez EditNon exhaustive filmography Saint Tropez devoir de vacances fr short film 1952 Et Dieu crea la femme 1956 Bonjour Tristesse 1958 Une fille pour l ete fr 1960 Saint Tropez Blues fr 1960 Le Gendarme de Saint Tropez 1964 and its sequels Le Gendarme a New York 1965 Le gendarme se marie 1968 Le Gendarme en balade 1970 Le Gendarme et les Extra terrestres 1979 and finally Le Gendarme et les Gendarmettes 1982 46 47 La Collectionneuse 1967 La Chamade 1968 Les Biches 1968 La Piscine 1969 Le Viager 1972 La Cage aux Folles 1978 Le Coup du parapluie 1980 Le Beau Monde fr 1981 Les Sous doues en vacances 1981 Trilogy by Max Pecas Les Branches a Saint Tropez 1983 Deux enfoires a Saint Tropez 1986 and On se calme et on boit frais a Saint Tropez 1987 A Summer in St Tropez 1984 Le Facteur de Saint Tropez fr 1985 Les Randonneurs a Saint Tropez fr 2008 Television series Sous le soleil broadcast in over 100 countries by the name Saint Tropez Literature Saint Tropez avec des lithographies originales by Bernard Buffet 1979 Saint Tropez d hier et d aujourd hui avec des photographies by Luc Fournol 1981 by Annabel Buffet fr Les Lionnes by Saint Tropez by Jacqueline Monsigny fr 1989 La folle histoire et veridique histoire de Saint Tropez by Yves Bigot fr 1998 Sunset in St Tropez by Danielle Steel 2004 Rester normal a Saint Tropez strip cartoon by Frederic Beigbeder 2004 La Legende de Saint Tropez by Henry Jean Servat fr preface by Brigitte Bardot editions Assouline 2003Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paintings of Saint Tropez Painting Port of Saint Tropez Paul Signac 1899 Port of Saint Tropez Paul Signac 1899 Port of Saint Tropez Henri Lebasque before 1936 Music Twist a Saint Tropez by Les Chats Sauvages October 1961 St Tropez by Harry Warren and George Sperry 1962 J aime les filles 1967 by Jacques Dutronc Looking for Saint Tropez 1979 album by group Telex Paris Saint Tropez by Marie Laforet from the 1960 film Saint Tropez Blues San Tropez by Pink Floyd from the album Meddle Permanent Vacation by Aerosmith from the album Permanent Vacation Il ne rentre pas ce soir by Eddy Mitchell on the 1978 album Apres minuit fr 48 St Tropez by The Rippingtons on the 1992 album Weekend in Monaco Saint Tropez by Ricky Martin on the 2000 album Sound Loaded Welcome to St Tropez by DJ Antoine and Timati featuring Kallena Harper Sen Trope Saint Tropez 2011 by Azis St Tropez Party Girl by Lana Del Rey La Plage de Saint Tropez 1993 by Army of Lovers Saint Tropez 2013 by Florin Salam St Tropez on J Cole s 2014 album 2014 Forest Hills Drive Took the Last Train 1978 by David Gates The Man by Taylor Swift from her 2019 album Lover 49 Saint Tropez by Post Malone on the 2019 album Hollywood s Bleeding St Tropez by Skepta Chip and Young Adz on the 2020 album Insomnia 50 References Edit Populations legales 2018 The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies 28 December 2020 gentile sur le site habitants fr Archived 23 February 2011 at Wikiwix Accessed 18 May 2008 Saint Tropez Lexico US Dictionary Oxford University Press Retrieved 5 September 2019 Pliny the Elder Natural History 3 5 3 Archived copy Archived from the original on 14 March 2008 Retrieved 14 March 2008 CS1 maint archived copy as title link San Torpete Torpes Torpe su santiebeati it Santiebeati it Archived from the original on 29 March 2008 History of Saint Tropez Archived from the original on 9 May 2008 P Senac Contribution a l etude des incursions Musulmanes dans l Occident Chretien la localisation du Gabal al Qilal Revue de l Occident Musulman et de la Mediterranee 31 1981 7 14 a b c d History of Islam and Muslims in France pages 55 67 Nicola Williams Catherine Le Nevez Provence and the Cote D Azur Lonely Planet 2007 343 Saint Tropez Riviera Paris France Archived from the original on 24 January 2013 Normales et records meteorologiques Infoclimat www infoclimat fr Archived from the original on 15 March 2016 The Top Nude Beaches in Europe Archived from the original on 14 October 2011 Smith Allyn David 2001 Make Love Not War The Sexual Revolution An Unfettered History Taylor amp Francis pp 23 29 ISBN 0 415 92942 3 Top 10 Eye Candy Beaches Archived from the original on 15 May 2013 Retrieved 21 February 2013 Williams Zoe Moorhead Joanna 23 July 2009 Should you go topless or not The Guardian London Archived from the original on 6 September 2013 Retrieved 21 February 2013 Velton Ross The Naked Truth About Cap d Agde Archived from the original on 6 November 2012 Retrieved 21 February 2013 Peregrine Anthony 9 August 2019 48 hours in St Tropez an insider guide to the Riviera s most A list market town The Daily Telegraph Retrieved 24 August 2019 Des villages de Cassini aux communes d aujourd hui Commune data sheet Saint Tropez EHESS in French Population en historique depuis 1968 INSEE Archived copy Archived from the original on 24 November 2011 Retrieved 5 December 2011 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Helicopter to Monaco Heli Securite Helicopter Airline Archived from the original on 24 November 2011 https www sia aviation civile gouv fr aip enligne PDF AIPparSSection VAC AD 2 1113 AD 2 LFTZ pdf permanent dead link a b 1 en Train ou en Bus Acces Parkings et Acces Passagers amp Visiteurs Aeroport Marseille Provence www marseille aeroport fr Archived from the original on 8 March 2013 Transportation from Nice to St Tropez and back Saint Tropez Forum TripAdvisor www tripadvisor com Archived from the original on 31 May 2010 train bus from nice to st tropez Saint Tropez Forum TripAdvisor www tripadvisor com Archived from the original on 8 November 2011 a b Archived copy Archived from the original on 1 December 2011 Retrieved 5 December 2011 CS1 maint archived copy as title link easyCity GARE ROUTIERE DE SAINT TROPEZ geodruid Archived from the original on 26 April 2012 How to get around St Tropez www simonseeks com Archived from the original on 8 November 2011 Retrieved 5 December 2011 Travel Inspiration Vacation Ideas Where to Go Conde Nast Traveler Conde Nast Traveler Archived from the original on 6 April 2012 Retrieved 5 December 2011 Helicopter to Saint Tropez Heli Securite Helicopter Airline Archived from the original on 5 December 2011 Archived copy Archived from the original on 11 October 2011 Retrieved 5 December 2011 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Walking holiday in the South of France www satsig net Archived from the original on 1 January 2012 Archived copy Archived from the original on 15 April 2008 Retrieved 11 December 2011 CS1 maint archived copy as title link College du Moulin Blanc www ac nice fr Archived from the original on 24 August 2011 Archived copy Archived from the original on 9 August 2008 Retrieved 11 December 2011 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Archived copy Archived from the original on 17 September 2008 Retrieved 11 December 2011 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Google Translate translate googleusercontent com Philippe Shangti sainttropeztourisme com Saint Tropez Tourisme 2018 Retrieved 5 November 2020 Vittoriosa twins with St Tropez The Times of Malta TimesofMalta com 30 October 2012 Archived from the original on 1 August 2013 Retrieved 1 August 2013 Jumelage entre Vittoriosa et Saint Tropez Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine in French Brigitte Bardot www nndb com Archived from the original on 7 February 2012 My dream vacation in Saint Tropez France www travelgrove com Archived from the original on 19 July 2013 Saint Tropez A Must See Part of the French Riviera France travel tips guides pictures about Paris and the French regions Archived from the original on 18 August 2011 defunes org defunes org Archived from the original on 14 November 2012 www autourdelouisdefunes fr www autourdelouisdefunes fr Archived from the original on 17 November 2012 Il ne rentre pas ce soir lyrics Fini le golf et le bridge Les vacances a St Tropez Taylor Swift Uses Leonardo DiCaprio as an Example to Explain Sexism in The Man by Stephanie Eckhardt W 23 August 2019 Skepta Chip and Young Adz Insomnia review dark funny and perfectly timed by Aimee Cliff The Guardian 27 March 2020External links EditWikivoyage has a travel guide for Saint Tropez Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Tropez Official website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saint Tropez amp oldid 1052344691, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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