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St. Francois County, Missouri

St. Francois County () is a county located in the Lead Belt region in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,359. The largest city and county seat is Farmington. The county was officially organized on December 19, 1821. It was named after the St. Francis River. The origin of the river's name is unclear. It might refer to St. Francis of Assisi. Another possibility is that Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit who explored the region in 1673, named the river for the Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier. Marquette had spent some time at the mission of St. Francois Xavier before his voyage and, as a Jesuit, was unlikely to have given the river a name honoring the Franciscans.

Saint Francois County
St. Francois County Courthouse in Farmington
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates:37°46′55″N90°25′20″W /37.781944444444°N 90.422222222222°W /37.781944444444; -90.422222222222
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
FoundedDecember 19, 1821
Named forSt. Francis River
SeatFarmington
Largest cityFarmington
Area
• Total455 sq mi (1,180 km2)
• Land452 sq mi (1,170 km2)
• Water2.8 sq mi (7 km2) 0.6%
Population
• Total65,359
• Estimate
(2018)
66,692
• Density140/sq mi (55/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
• Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.sfcgov.org

St. Francois County comprises the Farmington, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

This section may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards, as This section is copied from CAMPBELL'S GAZETTEER OF MISSOURI, Robert A. Campbell, St. Louis, MO: 1874. pp. 495-501.. You can help. The talk page may contain suggestions.(May 2009)

The first European settlement in St. Francois County was made in the spring of 1796 at what is now known as Big River Mills by Andrew Baker, John Ally, Francis Starnater and John Andrews. They each located claims in 1794 but did not bring their families until 1796. Andrew Baker was the only one who had a house; the rest lived in camps. Baker, who built a large home along the north bank of Big River, established a community there. At one time he reportedly owned 200 slaves and was one of the wealthiest men in the area. Eventually all his children married and left the farm which consisted of 740 acres (3.0 km2). The farm was sold for taxes and later sold for $30 per acre. Several families settled that same year on Big River; among them were Elisha Baker, his son Elijah and Joseph Reed from Bois Brule Bottom. In 1798, Solomon George became the first to settle on Little St. Francois River.

A memorable circumstance occurred around March 1, 1797. Henry Fry and Rebecca Baker having concluded to be married, started, in company with Catharine Miller, Mary and Abraham Baker (two sisters and the brother of the intended bride,) and William Patterson, for Ste. Genevieve, the nearest point where anyone authorized to perform the service could be found. When they were eight or 10 miles (16 km) from home near the crossing of the Terre Bleu, they were met by the Native Americans and all, save Rebecca and Abraham Baker, were stripped of their clothing and left to find their way home in this plight; the wagon loaded with venison, intended for the wedding feast, was also robbed. This unfortunate adventure caused the postponement of the marriage for one year.

That same year, other immigrants began coming to this new country. Among these was the Reverend William Murphy, a native of Ireland and a pioneer Baptist minister from the Holston River area in East Tennessee who procured a land grant. He and his three sons Joseph, William and David, along with a friend, Silas George, arrived by boat that fall in Ste. Genevieve. None in that community could speak English, so a Mr. Madden, living three miles (5 km) distant, was sent for. He invited them to his home, and the following day sent a Native American with them to show where good claims could be secured. David Murphy located his claim in the north side of the selected site, where Washington School now stands. Reverend Murphy selected as his claim an area to the south that was later known as Carter Spring, now McIlvane Street, and Joseph Murphy located on a plot to the northwest, later known as the Swink farm situated on old Highway 67, all just south of the present site of Farmington in 1798. After securing their claims, these men returned to Tennessee for their families. But sickness overtook them, and both the Reverend Murphy and Silas George died before reaching home. In 1801, David Murphy, a son of Reverend Murphy, cut the first tree that was felled in what was long known as Murphy Settlement. The next year Joseph, William and Richard, brothers of David Murphy, arrived and began permanent settlements on grants made by the Spanish Government.

Early in the spring of 1800, William, Joseph and David Murphy returned to Missouri with their families. They were accompanied by a younger brother, Richard, who came to establish a home for their widowed mother, Sarah Barton Murphy. Soon Mrs. Murphy and three other sons—Isaac, Jesse and Dubart—her only daughter, Sarah, a grandson William Evans; a hired hand and African American woman and boy followed. The journey was made by flat boat down the Holston River into Ohio; thence to the Mississippi River and up to Ste. Genevieve, a distance of more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km). Fearful of the many places inhabited by Native Americans, they managed to pass in the night while keeping concealed along the banks during the day. When the party arrived at Ste. Genevieve, the inhabitants gave them a rousing welcome. About the same year, Michael Hart and his son Charles settled in the same vicinity.

At the time of this settlement the area was under Spanish rule. On October 7, 1800, Spain ceded the whole of upper and lower Louisiana to France. It was not until our own Louisiana Purchase on April 30, 1803, that this area became a part of the United States. Settlers came in large numbers after the Murphy Settlement was established, and at the close of 1803 it had grown to a sizable community. Most of the settlers had enjoyed freedom of worship in their previous homes but found here they were restricted in worshipping God according to their Protestant tradition. Mrs. Murphy frequently invited friends to her home where secret prayer meetings were held while sentinels kept guard to warn of approaching danger. The religious restriction imposed by the Spanish officials gave way when the United States came into full possession. When the settlement learned that control of the land had passed to the United States, Mrs. Murphy was given the honor of the first Protestant prayer in public west of the Mississippi.

There was never a lack of law and order in the Murphy settlement. Differences among people were generally referred to Sarah Barton Murphy and her decisions were accepted as final. There soon came an itinerant Methodist minister to the community who preached at Mrs. Murphy's home. Although most of the settlers were then Baptists, it was decided to organize a church at once. Mrs. Murphy donated 1-acre (4,000 m2) of ground, in what is now the Masonic Cemetery, for the erection of that church. The first Protestant house of worship in Farmington was a log structure about 22 by 30 feet (9.1 m). In 1805 Sarah Murphy organized and taught what is believed to have been the first Sunday school west of the Mississippi River. This great lady who exerted strong social, moral and religious influence over the entire community, died in 1817. A monument now stands to her memory on the site where that first church was erected.

The daily arrival of new immigrants continued the growth of the community. Families, whose names are still prevalent today, moved in and were instrumental in developing not only the area but the entire state of Missouri. Nathaniel Cook, one of Missouri's earliest and most prominent lawmakers, located his claim in the southeastern part of the county in 1800, now one of the most educated and affluent portions of St. Francois County. Following soon thereafter were such notables as: John Caldwell, William Holmes, Jesse Blackwell, Elliott Jackson and James Davis. From 1805 to 1810 settlements developed along such streams as St. Francois River, Doe Run Creek, and Flat River which are familiar to locals today; by such personages as Squire Eleazer Clay, John Robinson, Isaac and John Burnham, Lemuel Halsted, Samuel Rhoades, Solomon Jones and Mark Dent, many of whose descendants still reside in the county.

The constant influx of settlers to the area brought about a demand for a permanent seat of government. Appointed as commissioners to locate the county seat were Henry Poston, William Alexander and James Holbert. A generous donor was found in the persons of David Murphy and his wife Rachel, who by deed dated September 2, 1822 ".....gave as a donation to the County of St. Francois, upon which to fix the county seat, fifty two acres of land...”

The new county was made from parts of three counties already established, Ste. Genevieve, Jefferson and Washington, and comprised 410 square miles (1,100 km2). An article written by Sallie Burks Keith furnishes this interesting insight as to the method by which boundaries of the new county were established: "Mr. Carol Williams and three other men met at a point (supposedly the present Court House Square) and were to ride until six by the clock; one north, one south, one east and the other west. Where each stopped was to be the boundary line. Thus the irregular line."

At that time the first Governor of Missouri, Alexander McNair, appointed James Austin as presiding judge and George McGahan and James W Smith as judges for the first St. Francois County Court. They held their first meeting on February 25, 1822, in the home of Jesse Murphy, on a site now believed to be the home of John F Whitworth on McIlvane Street.

The county was officially organized December 19, 1821, from parts of Ste. Genevieve, Washington, and Jefferson counties. James Austin, George McGahan and James W. Smith were appointed by the governor as a county court, and their first meeting, held February 25, 1822, was at the house of Jesse Murphy, where they appointed John D. Peers as county clerk. The first circuit court was held at the same place, and on April 1, 1822, the Honorable N. B. Tucker was named judge and John D. Peers served as clerk. Henry Poston, John Andrews, William Alexander and James Holbert were appointed commissioners to locate the county seat, and on September 22, 1822, D. Murphy donated 53 acres (210,000 m2) of land for that purpose which the county court accepted on February 27, 1823. In 1824, a stray-pen and a log jail, made double, and a brick court-house were built. At various times churches and schoolhouses were built in convenient localities; new settlers joined the pioneers, and peace and prosperity reigned. The following are some of the early citizens elected to represent St. Francois County in the Missouri House of Representatives: Henry Poston (1826); David Murphy (1828); Corbin Alexander (1830, 1832).

Around 1845, the manufacture of pig-iron was begun at Iron Mountain and Pilot Knob, and the hauling of the iron to Ste. Genevieve, the nearest landing on the Mississippi River, gave remunerative employment to a great number of teams, and the colliers, smelters and others furnished a home market for the surplus farm products. In 1851, the old log jail was set on fire by an inmate, who came near perishing in the flames. It was soon replaced by a substantial stone building. In 1850, the old courthouse was removed, and a larger and more commodious one was erected in its stead. In 1851–1852, a plank road was built from Iron Mountain to Ste. Genevieve via Farmington, which gave a new impetus to trade. In 1854, Prewitt and Patterson erected some bloom furnaces three miles (5 km) east of Farmington on the plank road where it crossed Wolf Creek, which gave employment to a great number of men and teams. The ore was hauled from Iron Mountain and the iron to Ste. Genevieve for shipment. In 1858, this furnace, known as Valley Forge, became the property of Chouteau, Harrison and Vallé, Charles A. Pilley, superintendent, and was profitably worked until 1863 when the machinery was removed and the buildings and lands sold.

At the beginning of the late American Civil War, St. Francois County, like most others in Missouri, was divided politically, and many took refuge from the enrollment act in the ranks under M. Jeff. Thompson, whose force at one time destroyed the Iron Mountain Railroad bridge over the Big River.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 455 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 452 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.6%) is water.

The general surface of St. Francois County is hilly or undulating, but the extreme southern and northeastern corners are table lands excellently adapted to fruit-culture and grazing purposes. The country around Farmington, and for several miles on either side of the St. Francis River, is excellent land, well timbered and sufficiently undulating to render drainage unnecessary. It is well supplied with water from never-failing springs and is drained by Blackwell and Rock Creeks, St. Francis River, Wolf and Back Creeks. Stono Mountain, embraced in this section, is said to afford excellent sheep pasturage.

The northern portion of the county is drained northward by the Big River and its tributaries, including the Flat River, most often known locally as "Flat River Creek."

The southwestern portion of the county, drained by Indian Creek, is exceedingly hilly. The central and northern section is drained by Big River and its tributaries, Flat River, Davis Creek, Big Branch, Terre Bleu and Three Rivers. The name "Flat River" preserves the name of the town of Flat River, which was dissolved in the formation of the city of Park Hills in 1994. The valleys of these streams are excellently adapted to agricultural purposes, the cereals all doing well. On several of the steams mentioned, there are good mills, and many more excellent sites having sufficient water power to run a mill the entire year.

The uplands are well timbered, yielding from 40 to 100 cords of wood to the acre. The timber consists of white, red and black oak, ash, cherry, walnut, hickory, maple, gum, papaw and dogwood, with beach, sycamore and butternut on the bottoms. Cedar and pine are found in a few localities on the uplands. The soil is generally a black loam. In the vicinity of Farmington, after passing through the first or top soil, there is rich, red-clay subsoil. If these lands have a specialty, it is for grass. All kinds of grass grow luxuriantly, producing from 2 to 2 1/12 tons per acre, which readily markets at from $12 to $20 per ton. Blue grass, it is said by farmers from the blue grass region of Kentucky, does nearly as well here as there, and as an evidence, it is found growing spontaneously in the woods, lawns, old fields and meadows.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,366
18403,21135.7%
18504,96454.6%
18607,24946.0%
18709,74234.4%
188013,82241.9%
189017,34725.5%
190024,05138.6%
191035,73848.6%
192031,403−12.1%
193035,83214.1%
194035,9500.3%
195035,276−1.9%
196036,5163.5%
197036,8180.8%
198042,60015.7%
199048,90414.8%
200055,64113.8%
201065,35917.5%
2018 (est.)66,6922.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 55,641 people, 20,793 households, and 14,659 families residing in the county. The population density was 124 people per square mile (48/km2). There were 24,449 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile (21/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.14% White, 2.02% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 20,793 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.00% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,551, and the median income for a family was $47,923. Males had a median income of $29,961 versus $19,412 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,047. Approximately 14.90% of the population and 11.00% of families were below the poverty line, including 19.80% under the age of 18 and 11.50% over the age of 65.

Religion

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), St. Francois County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in St. Francois County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (45.48%), Roman Catholics (14.94%), and Methodists (8.37%). There is also a small Orthodox Christian presence in the county. Nativity of the Holy Virgin Mary Orthodox Church is in Desloge, MO.

Catholic Churches in the county are Immaculate Conception in Park Hills, St. Joseph in Farmington, St. Joseph in Bonne Terre, St. John in Bismarck, and St. Anne in French Village.

  • Memorial United Methodist Church of Farmington has a rich heritage. The history of Farmington Methodism dates back to 1803 when Farmington was Murphy's Settlement. Sarah Barton Murphy, widow of the minister who claimed this land, invited others to prayer in her log cabin home. This was the beginning of the first Protestant Sunday School west of the Mississippi River, and the place is marked by a monument in the northeast corner of the Masonic Cemetery on South Henry Street.

As more settlers arrived, the Methodist Episcopal Church continued to grow until the division that brought on the Civil War in the nation also caused a split in the congregation. After the war, the church was reorganized as the Methodist Episcopal Church and M.E. Church South, which occupied a frame building on the corner of Jefferson and Harrison Streets. In 1881 the M.E. Church South congregation moved to a new brick building on the corner of West Columbia and Clay Streets. They soon outgrew this facility, tore it down, and built a new brick building on the same site. (This is now occupied by the Free Will Baptist Church.)

The Methodist Episcopal Church North which had been inactive since 1844, revived after the war, chiefly through the leadership of Miss Eliza A. Carleton. She was a well-educated, devout woman who established Carleton Institute, north of town. In response to her call, three ministers came and organized a Farmington circuit, including all of St. Francois and Ste. Genevieve counties and parts of Jefferson, Washington, Iron, and Madison counties. In 1878 Farmington was made a charge. This group purchased a large brick building at Harrison and South Henry, from the Christian Church which had become inactive during the war. Services were held on the second floor, and the resident minister and his family lived on the first floor. This church was strengthened by the presence of Carleton College, which then had moved to Farmington. As this congregation grew; a new site was purchased at the corner of West Columbia and Franklin Streets. A building of native limestone erected here and was often called the Rock Church. The church growth was paralleled by the general growth of the town.

The M.E. Church South received substantial bequests and a fine organ from descendants of Mrs. Murphy, so the board, in 1927, voted to change the name from M.E. Church South to Murphy-Long Memorial Methodist Church. Likewise, about 10 years later, the M.E. Church North, memorialized Miss Carleton, calling it Carleton Memorial Church. After the merger in 1950 the family names were dropped, but the word Memorial continued.

In 1939, the Methodist Episcopal, Methodist Episcopal South, and the Protestant Methodist Churches voted to unite nationally and worldwide. In 1950 the two local Methodist churches voted for unification. This was a combination of two enthusiastic, dynamic congregations determined to work together in the Lord's service.

Under the leadership of Rev. Elbert C. Cole, the two separated congregations grew into one, drawing strength from one another. After much deliberation and prayerful study, the merged membership made the decision for a new building on a new 3.5-acre site on the North side of town. The membership of the new church worked vigorously to provide financing necessary for this large undertaking. As population moved toward Farmington, and transportation became easier, small churches joined with larger ones. The Copenhagen Church, originally German-speaking, became part of the M.E. (Rock) Church in 1917. Members of Delasus joined the merged Methodists about 1950. In 1960 Salem Church, North of town, joined the larger church, and then St. Paul's congregation followed in 1965.

Countless projects by organizations in the church and sacrificial giving on the part of individual made possible the new facilities which are in use today. The first phase of the building, which included the sanctuary and education department, was completed in 1953. In 1957 the church was debt free and dedicated as a house of prayer for all people. The parish house, which included the fellowship hall, kitchen, parlor, and basement rooms, was completed in 1962. The parsonage, a bequest gift from a lifelong member, was dedicated in 1979. In 1998 a new addition was added to the building including several new classrooms and offices. A prayer garden was dedicated in 2006.[citation needed]

Local

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in St. Francois County. Republicans hold all but two of the elected positions in the county.

St. Francois County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Eric Dugal Republican
Auditor Louie Seiberlich Republican
Circuit Clerk Vicki J. Weible Democratic
County Clerk Kevin Engler Republican
Collector Pamela J. Williams Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Harold Gallaher Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Kary Buckley Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
David Kater Republican
Coroner Jason Coplin Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Melissa L. Gilliam Republican
Public Administrator Gary Matheny Republican
Recorder Jay Graf Republican
Sheriff Daniel R. Bullock Republican
Treasurer Parks G. Peterson Republican

State

St. Francois County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.

  • District 115 — Currently represented by Elaine Gannon (R-De Soto). It consists of the northern parts of the county, including Blackwell, French Village, and part of Park Hills.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 115 — St. Francois County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Elaine Gannon 3,010 68.63% +3.40
Democratic Barbara Stocker 1,196 27.27% -2.98
Libertarian Charles Bigelow 180 4.10% +4.10
Missouri House of Representatives — District 115 — St. Francois County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Elaine Gannon 1,486 65.23% +13.26
Democratic Dan Darian 689 30.25% -17.78
Constitution Jerry Dollar Jr. 103 4.52% +4.52
Missouri House of Representatives — District 115 — St. Francois County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Elaine Gannon 2,106 51.97%
Democratic Rich McCane 1,946 48.03%
  • District 116 — Currently represented by Kevin Engler (R-Farmington). It consists of the southeastern section of the county, including part of Farmington.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 116 — St. Francois County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Engler 5,590 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 116 — St. Francois County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Engler 2,826 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 116 — St. Francois County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Engler 4,881 100.00%
  • District 117 — Currently represented by Mike Henderson (R-Bonne Terre). It consists of the western parts of the county and includes the communities of Bismarck, Bonne Terre, Desloge, Doe Run, Iron Mountain Lake, Leadington, Leadwood, and parts of Farmington and Park Hills.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 117 — St. Francois County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Henderson 7,302 56.74% +56.74
Democratic Travis Barnes 5,567 43.26% -56.74
Missouri House of Representatives — District 117 — St. Francois County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Linda Black 5,081 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 117 — St. Francois County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Linda Black 9,704 100.00%

All of St. Francois County is a part of Missouri's 3rd District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Gary Romine (R-Farmington).

Missouri Senate — District 3 — St. Francois County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Gary Romine 18,992 81.79% +21.62
Green Edward R. Weissler 4,229 18.21% +18.21
Missouri Senate — District 3 — St. Francois County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Gary Romine 13,329 60.17%
Democratic Joseph Fallert, Jr. 8,823 39.83%
Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 69.37% 19,258 27.67% 7,682 2.96% 823
2016 58.51% 14,433 38.20% 9,424 3.29% 811
2012 44.17% 9,965 52.88% 11,930 2.94% 664
2008 34.55% 8,418 63.49% 15,468 1.96% 478
2004 52.14% 11,903 46.43% 10,601 1.43% 327
2000 46.42% 8,712 50.22% 9,425 3.36% 632
1996 40.23% 7,192 57.19% 10,224 2.58% 461
1992 39.44% 7,350 60.56% 11,287 2.58% 461
1988 58.28% 9,401 40.94% 6,604 0.77% 125
1984 52.10% 8,777 47.90% 8,068 0.00% 0
1980 51.93% 8,797 47.89% 8,113 0.18% 30
1976 47.82% 7,569 52.13% 8,251 0.04% 7

Federal

U.S. Senate — Missouri — St. Francois County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 13,110 53.32% +12.57
Democratic Jason Kander 10,117 41.15% -11.23
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 661 2.69% -4.18
Green Johnathan McFarland 431 1.75% +1.75
Constitution Fred Ryman 269 1.09% +1.09
U.S. Senate — Missouri — St. Francois County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Todd Akin 9,142 40.75%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 11,751 52.38%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1,540 6.87%

St. Francois County is included in Missouri's 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Jason T. Smith (R-Salem) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remaining term of U.S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau). Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district. She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative.

U.S. House of Representatives — District 8 — St. Francois County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jason T. Smith 16,309 68.07% +8.72
Democratic Dave Cowell 6,933 28.94% -1.86
Libertarian Jonathan Shell 718 3.00% +0.66
U.S. House of Representatives — District 8 — St. Francois County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jason T. Smith 7,317 59.35% -2.46
Democratic Barbara Stocker 3,798 30.80% -2.64
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 288 2.34% +1.27
Constitution Doug Enyart 465 3.77% +0.50
Independent Terry Hampton 461 3.74% +3.74
U.S. House of Representatives — District 8 — Special Election – St. Francois County (2013)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jason T. Smith 1,850 61.81% -7.50
Democratic Steve Hodges 1,001 33.44% +5.73
Libertarian Bill Slantz 32 1.07% -1.91
Constitution Doug Enyart 98 3.27% +3.27
Write-in Wayne L. Byington 12 0.40% +0.40
U.S. House of Representatives — District 8 — St. Francois County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Ann Emerson 15,423 69.31%
Democratic Jack Rushin 6,166 27.71%
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 664 2.98%

Political culture

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 73.3% 20,511 25.2% 7,044 1.6% 446
2016 70.1% 17,468 25.1% 6,250 4.8% 1,202
2012 58.4% 13,248 38.9% 8,829 2.8% 628
2008 51.6% 12,660 47.0% 11,540 1.4% 350
2004 52.7% 12,087 46.9% 10,748 0.4% 98
2000 49.5% 9,327 48.2% 9,075 2.3% 439
1996 35.0% 6,200 51.0% 9,034 14.1% 2,492
1992 31.1% 5,889 49.4% 9,367 19.5% 3,691
1988 49.1% 7,923 50.6% 8,158 0.3% 46
1984 57.8% 9,792 42.2% 7,137
1980 52.7% 8,914 44.3% 7,495 3.0% 507
1976 44.0% 7,002 55.6% 8,852 0.4% 57
1972 65.4% 8,812 34.6% 4,658
1968 47.6% 7,492 40.5% 6,379 11.9% 1,867
1964 35.0% 5,690 65.0% 10,567
1960 58.4% 10,131 41.6% 7,205
1956 56.9% 9,968 43.2% 7,566
1952 54.6% 9,672 45.4% 8,040 0.1% 17
1948 46.0% 6,234 53.7% 7,276 0.2% 32
1944 52.0% 7,320 47.9% 6,745 0.1% 11
1940 51.6% 8,687 48.3% 8,132 0.2% 32
1936 47.8% 7,271 51.8% 7,876 0.4% 66
1932 43.6% 6,017 55.2% 7,613 1.3% 174
1928 68.3% 9,040 31.5% 4,171 0.1% 17
1924 51.2% 6,117 46.4% 5,542 2.5% 297
1920 49.9% 5,504 48.0% 5,300 2.1% 235
1916 43.8% 3,015 53.4% 3,675 2.8% 195
1912 37.0% 2,305 44.8% 2,786 18.2% 1,134
1908 48.6% 3,260 43.8% 2,942 7.6% 511
1904 51.3% 2,894 46.3% 2,615 2.4% 138
1900 45.3% 2,295 53.4% 2,707 1.3% 64
1896 42.4% 1,664 57.2% 2,245 0.5% 18
1892 36.5% 1,253 62.4% 2,141 1.1% 36
1888 38.4% 1,445 58.9% 2,214 2.7% 100

At the presidential level, St. Francois County had previously been a battleground county, but it has steadily trended rightward since 2000 to become solidly Republican. George W. Bush carried St. Francois County in 2000 and 2004, but both times the margins of victory were significantly closer than in many of the other rural areas. Bill Clinton also carried St. Francois County both times in 1992 and 1996 by convincing double-digit margins. Like many of the other rural counties in Missouri, St. Francois County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008, although the margin of victory was small. In the 2020 presidential election, incumbent Republican Donald Trump carried St. Francois County almost 3-to-1 over Democrat Joe Biden, though Biden ultimately won the presidency.

Like most rural areas throughout Missouri, voters in St. Francois County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles but are more moderate or populist on economic issues, typical of the Dixiecrat philosophy. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it passed St. Francois County with 79.03 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in St. Francois County with 50.53 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite St. Francois County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed St. Francois County with 79.36 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Covid-19 controversy

During the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, the head of the St. Francois County Public Health Department described being driven to resign from her position by county fools who refused to "accept the reality of the pandemic" and made cowardly anonymous threats against her and her family.

Of adults 25 years of age and older in St. Francois County, 72.4% possess a high school diploma or higher while 10.2% hold a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

Public schools

Private schools

Vocational-technical and other schools

  • Juvenile Detention Center – Farmington – (04–12)
  • Midwest Learning Center – Farmington – (04–12)
  • Unitec Career Center – Bonne Terre – (10–12)

Colleges and universities

Public libraries

  • Bonne Terre Memorial Library

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Former community

This article incorporates text from Campbell's Gazetteer of Missouri, by Robert A. Campbell, a publication from 1874, now in the public domain in the United States.

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  3. Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 358.
  4. St. Francois County, Missouri Place Names Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine, Western Historical Manuscript Collection
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. RetrievedNovember 20, 2014.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". RetrievedNovember 13, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedNovember 20, 2014.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. RetrievedNovember 20, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedNovember 20, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000"(PDF). United States Census Bureau. RetrievedNovember 20, 2014.
  11. "Parishes - Nativity of the Holy Virgin Mary Church". oca.org. Retrieved2018-03-26.
  12. "Archdiocese of St. Louis – The Roman Catholic Church in Saint Louis, MO". archstl.org. Retrieved2018-03-26.
  13. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved2020-11-18.
  14. Elliott, Amber, as told to Eli Saslow. ‘This is how we treat each other? This is who we are?' Washington Post, 18 November 2020.
  15. Breeding, Marshall. "Bonne Terre Memorial Library". Libraries.org. RetrievedMay 8, 2017.

Coordinates: 37°46′55″N90°25′20″W /37.78194°N 90.42222°W /37.78194; -90.42222

St. Francois County, Missouri
St Francois County Missouri Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Saint Francois County Missouri St Francois County ˈ f r ae n s ɪ s is a county located in the Lead Belt region in the U S state of Missouri As of the 2010 census the population was 65 359 1 The largest city and county seat is Farmington 2 The county was officially organized on December 19 1821 It was named after the St Francis River The origin of the river s name is unclear It might refer to St Francis of Assisi 3 Another possibility is that Jacques Marquette a Jesuit who explored the region in 1673 named the river for the Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier Marquette had spent some time at the mission of St Francois Xavier before his voyage and as a Jesuit was unlikely to have given the river a name honoring the Franciscans 4 Saint Francois CountyU S countySt Francois County Courthouse in FarmingtonLocation within the U S state of MissouriMissouri s location within the U S Coordinates 37 46 55 N 90 25 20 W 37 781944444444 N 90 422222222222 W 37 781944444444 90 422222222222Country United StatesState MissouriFoundedDecember 19 1821Named forSt Francis RiverSeatFarmingtonLargest cityFarmingtonArea Total455 sq mi 1 180 km2 Land452 sq mi 1 170 km2 Water2 8 sq mi 7 km2 0 6 Population 2010 Total65 359 Estimate 2018 66 692 Density140 sq mi 55 km2 Time zoneUTC 6 Central Summer DST UTC 5 CDT Congressional district8thWebsitewww wbr sfcgov wbr org St Francois County comprises the Farmington MO Micropolitan Statistical Area which is also included in the St Louis St Charles Farmington MO IL Combined Statistical Area Contents 1 History 2 Geography 2 1 Adjacent counties 2 2 Major highways 2 3 National protected area 3 Demographics 3 1 Religion 4 Politics 4 1 Local 4 2 State 4 3 Federal 4 3 1 Political culture 4 3 1 1 Covid 19 controversy 5 Education 5 1 Public schools 5 2 Private schools 5 3 Vocational technical and other schools 5 4 Colleges and universities 5 5 Public libraries 6 Communities 6 1 Cities 6 2 Census designated places 6 3 Other unincorporated communities 6 4 Former community 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory EditThis section may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia s quality standards as This section is copied from CAMPBELL S GAZETTEER OF MISSOURI Robert A Campbell St Louis MO 1874 pp 495 501 You can help The talk page may contain suggestions May 2009 The first European settlement in St Francois County was made in the spring of 1796 at what is now known as Big River Mills by Andrew Baker John Ally Francis Starnater and John Andrews They each located claims in 1794 but did not bring their families until 1796 Andrew Baker was the only one who had a house the rest lived in camps Baker who built a large home along the north bank of Big River established a community there At one time he reportedly owned 200 slaves and was one of the wealthiest men in the area Eventually all his children married and left the farm which consisted of 740 acres 3 0 km2 The farm was sold for taxes and later sold for 30 per acre Several families settled that same year on Big River among them were Elisha Baker his son Elijah and Joseph Reed from Bois Brule Bottom In 1798 Solomon George became the first to settle on Little St Francois River A memorable circumstance occurred around March 1 1797 Henry Fry and Rebecca Baker having concluded to be married started in company with Catharine Miller Mary and Abraham Baker two sisters and the brother of the intended bride and William Patterson for Ste Genevieve the nearest point where anyone authorized to perform the service could be found When they were eight or 10 miles 16 km from home near the crossing of the Terre Bleu they were met by the Native Americans and all save Rebecca and Abraham Baker were stripped of their clothing and left to find their way home in this plight the wagon loaded with venison intended for the wedding feast was also robbed This unfortunate adventure caused the postponement of the marriage for one year That same year other immigrants began coming to this new country Among these was the Reverend William Murphy a native of Ireland and a pioneer Baptist minister from the Holston River area in East Tennessee who procured a land grant He and his three sons Joseph William and David along with a friend Silas George arrived by boat that fall in Ste Genevieve None in that community could speak English so a Mr Madden living three miles 5 km distant was sent for He invited them to his home and the following day sent a Native American with them to show where good claims could be secured David Murphy located his claim in the north side of the selected site where Washington School now stands Reverend Murphy selected as his claim an area to the south that was later known as Carter Spring now McIlvane Street and Joseph Murphy located on a plot to the northwest later known as the Swink farm situated on old Highway 67 all just south of the present site of Farmington in 1798 After securing their claims these men returned to Tennessee for their families But sickness overtook them and both the Reverend Murphy and Silas George died before reaching home In 1801 David Murphy a son of Reverend Murphy cut the first tree that was felled in what was long known as Murphy Settlement The next year Joseph William and Richard brothers of David Murphy arrived and began permanent settlements on grants made by the Spanish Government Early in the spring of 1800 William Joseph and David Murphy returned to Missouri with their families They were accompanied by a younger brother Richard who came to establish a home for their widowed mother Sarah Barton Murphy Soon Mrs Murphy and three other sons Isaac Jesse and Dubart her only daughter Sarah a grandson William Evans a hired hand and African American woman and boy followed The journey was made by flat boat down the Holston River into Ohio thence to the Mississippi River and up to Ste Genevieve a distance of more than 1 000 miles 1 600 km Fearful of the many places inhabited by Native Americans they managed to pass in the night while keeping concealed along the banks during the day When the party arrived at Ste Genevieve the inhabitants gave them a rousing welcome About the same year Michael Hart and his son Charles settled in the same vicinity At the time of this settlement the area was under Spanish rule On October 7 1800 Spain ceded the whole of upper and lower Louisiana to France It was not until our own Louisiana Purchase on April 30 1803 that this area became a part of the United States Settlers came in large numbers after the Murphy Settlement was established and at the close of 1803 it had grown to a sizable community Most of the settlers had enjoyed freedom of worship in their previous homes but found here they were restricted in worshipping God according to their Protestant tradition Mrs Murphy frequently invited friends to her home where secret prayer meetings were held while sentinels kept guard to warn of approaching danger The religious restriction imposed by the Spanish officials gave way when the United States came into full possession When the settlement learned that control of the land had passed to the United States Mrs Murphy was given the honor of the first Protestant prayer in public west of the Mississippi There was never a lack of law and order in the Murphy settlement Differences among people were generally referred to Sarah Barton Murphy and her decisions were accepted as final There soon came an itinerant Methodist minister to the community who preached at Mrs Murphy s home Although most of the settlers were then Baptists it was decided to organize a church at once Mrs Murphy donated 1 acre 4 000 m2 of ground in what is now the Masonic Cemetery for the erection of that church The first Protestant house of worship in Farmington was a log structure about 22 by 30 feet 9 1 m In 1805 Sarah Murphy organized and taught what is believed to have been the first Sunday school west of the Mississippi River This great lady who exerted strong social moral and religious influence over the entire community died in 1817 A monument now stands to her memory on the site where that first church was erected The daily arrival of new immigrants continued the growth of the community Families whose names are still prevalent today moved in and were instrumental in developing not only the area but the entire state of Missouri Nathaniel Cook one of Missouri s earliest and most prominent lawmakers located his claim in the southeastern part of the county in 1800 now one of the most educated and affluent portions of St Francois County Following soon thereafter were such notables as John Caldwell William Holmes Jesse Blackwell Elliott Jackson and James Davis From 1805 to 1810 settlements developed along such streams as St Francois River Doe Run Creek and Flat River which are familiar to locals today by such personages as Squire Eleazer Clay John Robinson Isaac and John Burnham Lemuel Halsted Samuel Rhoades Solomon Jones and Mark Dent many of whose descendants still reside in the county The constant influx of settlers to the area brought about a demand for a permanent seat of government Appointed as commissioners to locate the county seat were Henry Poston William Alexander and James Holbert A generous donor was found in the persons of David Murphy and his wife Rachel who by deed dated September 2 1822 gave as a donation to the County of St Francois upon which to fix the county seat fifty two acres of land The new county was made from parts of three counties already established Ste Genevieve Jefferson and Washington and comprised 410 square miles 1 100 km2 An article written by Sallie Burks Keith furnishes this interesting insight as to the method by which boundaries of the new county were established Mr Carol Williams and three other men met at a point supposedly the present Court House Square and were to ride until six by the clock one north one south one east and the other west Where each stopped was to be the boundary line Thus the irregular line At that time the first Governor of Missouri Alexander McNair appointed James Austin as presiding judge and George McGahan and James W Smith as judges for the first St Francois County Court They held their first meeting on February 25 1822 in the home of Jesse Murphy on a site now believed to be the home of John F Whitworth on McIlvane Street The county was officially organized December 19 1821 from parts of Ste Genevieve Washington and Jefferson counties James Austin George McGahan and James W Smith were appointed by the governor as a county court and their first meeting held February 25 1822 was at the house of Jesse Murphy where they appointed John D Peers as county clerk The first circuit court was held at the same place and on April 1 1822 the Honorable N B Tucker was named judge and John D Peers served as clerk Henry Poston John Andrews William Alexander and James Holbert were appointed commissioners to locate the county seat and on September 22 1822 D Murphy donated 53 acres 210 000 m2 of land for that purpose which the county court accepted on February 27 1823 In 1824 a stray pen and a log jail made double and a brick court house were built At various times churches and schoolhouses were built in convenient localities new settlers joined the pioneers and peace and prosperity reigned The following are some of the early citizens elected to represent St Francois County in the Missouri House of Representatives Henry Poston 1826 David Murphy 1828 Corbin Alexander 1830 1832 Around 1845 the manufacture of pig iron was begun at Iron Mountain and Pilot Knob and the hauling of the iron to Ste Genevieve the nearest landing on the Mississippi River gave remunerative employment to a great number of teams and the colliers smelters and others furnished a home market for the surplus farm products In 1851 the old log jail was set on fire by an inmate who came near perishing in the flames It was soon replaced by a substantial stone building In 1850 the old courthouse was removed and a larger and more commodious one was erected in its stead In 1851 1852 a plank road was built from Iron Mountain to Ste Genevieve via Farmington which gave a new impetus to trade In 1854 Prewitt and Patterson erected some bloom furnaces three miles 5 km east of Farmington on the plank road where it crossed Wolf Creek which gave employment to a great number of men and teams The ore was hauled from Iron Mountain and the iron to Ste Genevieve for shipment In 1858 this furnace known as Valley Forge became the property of Chouteau Harrison and Valle Charles A Pilley superintendent and was profitably worked until 1863 when the machinery was removed and the buildings and lands sold At the beginning of the late American Civil War St Francois County like most others in Missouri was divided politically and many took refuge from the enrollment act in the ranks under M Jeff Thompson whose force at one time destroyed the Iron Mountain Railroad bridge over the Big River Geography EditAccording to the U S Census Bureau the county has a total area of 455 square miles 1 180 km2 of which 452 square miles 1 170 km2 is land and 2 8 square miles 7 3 km2 0 6 is water 5 The general surface of St Francois County is hilly or undulating but the extreme southern and northeastern corners are table lands excellently adapted to fruit culture and grazing purposes The country around Farmington and for several miles on either side of the St Francis River is excellent land well timbered and sufficiently undulating to render drainage unnecessary It is well supplied with water from never failing springs and is drained by Blackwell and Rock Creeks St Francis River Wolf and Back Creeks Stono Mountain embraced in this section is said to afford excellent sheep pasturage The northern portion of the county is drained northward by the Big River and its tributaries including the Flat River most often known locally as Flat River Creek The southwestern portion of the county drained by Indian Creek is exceedingly hilly The central and northern section is drained by Big River and its tributaries Flat River Davis Creek Big Branch Terre Bleu and Three Rivers The name Flat River preserves the name of the town of Flat River which was dissolved in the formation of the city of Park Hills in 1994 The valleys of these streams are excellently adapted to agricultural purposes the cereals all doing well On several of the steams mentioned there are good mills and many more excellent sites having sufficient water power to run a mill the entire year The uplands are well timbered yielding from 40 to 100 cords of wood to the acre The timber consists of white red and black oak ash cherry walnut hickory maple gum papaw and dogwood with beach sycamore and butternut on the bottoms Cedar and pine are found in a few localities on the uplands The soil is generally a black loam In the vicinity of Farmington after passing through the first or top soil there is rich red clay subsoil If these lands have a specialty it is for grass All kinds of grass grow luxuriantly producing from 2 to 2 1 12 tons per acre which readily markets at from 12 to 20 per ton Blue grass it is said by farmers from the blue grass region of Kentucky does nearly as well here as there and as an evidence it is found growing spontaneously in the woods lawns old fields and meadows Adjacent counties Edit Jefferson County north Ste Genevieve County east Perry County southeast Madison County south Iron County southwest Washington County west Major highways Edit U S Route 67 Route 8 Route 32 Route 47National protected area Edit Mark Twain National Forest part Demographics EditHistorical populationCensus Pop 18302 366 18403 21135 7 18504 96454 6 18607 24946 0 18709 74234 4 188013 82241 9 189017 34725 5 190024 05138 6 191035 73848 6 192031 403 12 1 193035 83214 1 194035 9500 3 195035 276 1 9 196036 5163 5 197036 8180 8 198042 60015 7 199048 90414 8 200055 64113 8 201065 35917 5 2018 est 66 692 6 2 0 U S Decennial Census 7 1790 1960 8 1900 1990 9 1990 2000 10 2010 2015 1 As of the census of 2000 there were 55 641 people 20 793 households and 14 659 families residing in the county The population density was 124 people per square mile 48 km2 There were 24 449 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile 21 km2 The racial makeup of the county was 96 14 White 2 02 African American 0 35 Native American 0 31 Asian 0 02 Pacific Islander 0 23 from other races and 0 92 from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0 80 of the population There were 20 793 households out of which 32 60 had children under the age of 18 living with them 54 90 were married couples living together 11 30 had a female householder with no husband present and 29 50 were non families 24 90 of all households were made up of individuals and 11 20 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 2 48 and the average family size was 2 94 In the county the population was spread out with 24 00 under the age of 18 9 20 from 18 to 24 29 40 from 25 to 44 22 50 from 45 to 64 and 14 90 who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 103 30 males For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 101 90 males The median income for a household in the county was 39 551 and the median income for a family was 47 923 Males had a median income of 29 961 versus 19 412 for females The per capita income for the county was 19 047 Approximately 14 90 of the population and 11 00 of families were below the poverty line including 19 80 under the age of 18 and 11 50 over the age of 65 Religion Edit According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report 2000 St Francois County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion The most predominant denominations among residents in St Francois County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists 45 48 Roman Catholics 14 94 and Methodists 8 37 There is also a small Orthodox Christian presence in the county Nativity of the Holy Virgin Mary Orthodox Church is in Desloge MO 11 Catholic Churches in the county are Immaculate Conception in Park Hills St Joseph in Farmington St Joseph in Bonne Terre St John in Bismarck and St Anne in French Village 12 Memorial United Methodist Church of Farmington has a rich heritage The history of Farmington Methodism dates back to 1803 when Farmington was Murphy s Settlement Sarah Barton Murphy widow of the minister who claimed this land invited others to prayer in her log cabin home This was the beginning of the first Protestant Sunday School west of the Mississippi River and the place is marked by a monument in the northeast corner of the Masonic Cemetery on South Henry Street As more settlers arrived the Methodist Episcopal Church continued to grow until the division that brought on the Civil War in the nation also caused a split in the congregation After the war the church was reorganized as the Methodist Episcopal Church and M E Church South which occupied a frame building on the corner of Jefferson and Harrison Streets In 1881 the M E Church South congregation moved to a new brick building on the corner of West Columbia and Clay Streets They soon outgrew this facility tore it down and built a new brick building on the same site This is now occupied by the Free Will Baptist Church The Methodist Episcopal Church North which had been inactive since 1844 revived after the war chiefly through the leadership of Miss Eliza A Carleton She was a well educated devout woman who established Carleton Institute north of town In response to her call three ministers came and organized a Farmington circuit including all of St Francois and Ste Genevieve counties and parts of Jefferson Washington Iron and Madison counties In 1878 Farmington was made a charge This group purchased a large brick building at Harrison and South Henry from the Christian Church which had become inactive during the war Services were held on the second floor and the resident minister and his family lived on the first floor This church was strengthened by the presence of Carleton College which then had moved to Farmington As this congregation grew a new site was purchased at the corner of West Columbia and Franklin Streets A building of native limestone erected here and was often called the Rock Church The church growth was paralleled by the general growth of the town The M E Church South received substantial bequests and a fine organ from descendants of Mrs Murphy so the board in 1927 voted to change the name from M E Church South to Murphy Long Memorial Methodist Church Likewise about 10 years later the M E Church North memorialized Miss Carleton calling it Carleton Memorial Church After the merger in 1950 the family names were dropped but the word Memorial continued In 1939 the Methodist Episcopal Methodist Episcopal South and the Protestant Methodist Churches voted to unite nationally and worldwide In 1950 the two local Methodist churches voted for unification This was a combination of two enthusiastic dynamic congregations determined to work together in the Lord s service Under the leadership of Rev Elbert C Cole the two separated congregations grew into one drawing strength from one another After much deliberation and prayerful study the merged membership made the decision for a new building on a new 3 5 acre site on the North side of town The membership of the new church worked vigorously to provide financing necessary for this large undertaking As population moved toward Farmington and transportation became easier small churches joined with larger ones The Copenhagen Church originally German speaking became part of the M E Rock Church in 1917 Members of Delasus joined the merged Methodists about 1950 In 1960 Salem Church North of town joined the larger church and then St Paul s congregation followed in 1965 Countless projects by organizations in the church and sacrificial giving on the part of individual made possible the new facilities which are in use today The first phase of the building which included the sanctuary and education department was completed in 1953 In 1957 the church was debt free and dedicated as a house of prayer for all people The parish house which included the fellowship hall kitchen parlor and basement rooms was completed in 1962 The parsonage a bequest gift from a lifelong member was dedicated in 1979 In 1998 a new addition was added to the building including several new classrooms and offices A prayer garden was dedicated in 2006 citation needed Politics EditLocal Edit The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in St Francois County Republicans hold all but two of the elected positions in the county St Francois County MissouriElected countywide officialsAssessorEric DugalRepublicanAuditorLouie SeiberlichRepublicanCircuit ClerkVicki J WeibleDemocraticCounty ClerkKevin EnglerRepublicanCollectorPamela J WilliamsDemocraticCommissioner Presiding Harold GallaherRepublicanCommissioner District 1 Kary BuckleyRepublicanCommissioner District 2 David KaterRepublicanCoronerJason CoplinRepublicanProsecuting AttorneyMelissa L GilliamRepublicanPublic AdministratorGary MathenyRepublicanRecorderJay GrafRepublicanSheriffDaniel R BullockRepublicanTreasurerParks G PetersonRepublicanState Edit St Francois County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives District 115 Currently represented by Elaine Gannon R De Soto It consists of the northern parts of the county including Blackwell French Village and part of Park Hills Missouri House of Representatives District 115 St Francois County 2016 Party Candidate Votes Republican Elaine Gannon 3 010 68 63 3 40Democratic Barbara Stocker 1 196 27 27 2 98Libertarian Charles Bigelow 180 4 10 4 10Missouri House of Representatives District 115 St Francois County 2014 Party Candidate Votes Republican Elaine Gannon 1 486 65 23 13 26Democratic Dan Darian 689 30 25 17 78Constitution Jerry Dollar Jr 103 4 52 4 52Missouri House of Representatives District 115 St Francois County 2012 Party Candidate Votes Republican Elaine Gannon 2 106 51 97 Democratic Rich McCane 1 946 48 03 District 116 Currently represented by Kevin Engler R Farmington It consists of the southeastern section of the county including part of Farmington Missouri House of Representatives District 116 St Francois County 2016 Party Candidate Votes Republican Kevin Engler 5 590 100 00 Missouri House of Representatives District 116 St Francois County 2014 Party Candidate Votes Republican Kevin Engler 2 826 100 00 Missouri House of Representatives District 116 St Francois County 2012 Party Candidate Votes Republican Kevin Engler 4 881 100 00 District 117 Currently represented by Mike Henderson R Bonne Terre It consists of the western parts of the county and includes the communities of Bismarck Bonne Terre Desloge Doe Run Iron Mountain Lake Leadington Leadwood and parts of Farmington and Park Hills Missouri House of Representatives District 117 St Francois County 2016 Party Candidate Votes Republican Mike Henderson 7 302 56 74 56 74Democratic Travis Barnes 5 567 43 26 56 74Missouri House of Representatives District 117 St Francois County 2014 Party Candidate Votes Democratic Linda Black 5 081 100 00 Missouri House of Representatives District 117 St Francois County 2012 Party Candidate Votes Democratic Linda Black 9 704 100 00 All of St Francois County is a part of Missouri s 3rd District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Gary Romine R Farmington Missouri Senate District 3 St Francois County 2016 Party Candidate Votes Republican Gary Romine 18 992 81 79 21 62Green Edward R Weissler 4 229 18 21 18 21Missouri Senate District 3 St Francois County 2012 Party Candidate Votes Republican Gary Romine 13 329 60 17 Democratic Joseph Fallert Jr 8 823 39 83 Past Gubernatorial Elections Results Year Republican Democratic Third Parties2020 69 37 19 258 27 67 7 682 2 96 8232016 58 51 14 433 38 20 9 424 3 29 8112012 44 17 9 965 52 88 11 930 2 94 6642008 34 55 8 418 63 49 15 468 1 96 4782004 52 14 11 903 46 43 10 601 1 43 3272000 46 42 8 712 50 22 9 425 3 36 6321996 40 23 7 192 57 19 10 224 2 58 4611992 39 44 7 350 60 56 11 287 2 58 4611988 58 28 9 401 40 94 6 604 0 77 1251984 52 10 8 777 47 90 8 068 0 00 01980 51 93 8 797 47 89 8 113 0 18 301976 47 82 7 569 52 13 8 251 0 04 7Federal Edit U S Senate Missouri St Francois County 2016 Party Candidate Votes Republican Roy Blunt 13 110 53 32 12 57Democratic Jason Kander 10 117 41 15 11 23Libertarian Jonathan Dine 661 2 69 4 18Green Johnathan McFarland 431 1 75 1 75Constitution Fred Ryman 269 1 09 1 09U S Senate Missouri St Francois County 2012 Party Candidate Votes Republican Todd Akin 9 142 40 75 Democratic Claire McCaskill 11 751 52 38 Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1 540 6 87 St Francois County is included in Missouri s 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Jason T Smith R Salem in the U S House of Representatives Smith won a special election on Tuesday June 4 2013 to finish out the remaining term of U S Representative Jo Ann Emerson R Cape Girardeau Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative U S House of Representatives District 8 St Francois County 2016 Party Candidate Votes Republican Jason T Smith 16 309 68 07 8 72Democratic Dave Cowell 6 933 28 94 1 86Libertarian Jonathan Shell 718 3 00 0 66U S House of Representatives District 8 St Francois County 2014 Party Candidate Votes Republican Jason T Smith 7 317 59 35 2 46Democratic Barbara Stocker 3 798 30 80 2 64Libertarian Rick Vandeven 288 2 34 1 27Constitution Doug Enyart 465 3 77 0 50Independent Terry Hampton 461 3 74 3 74U S House of Representatives District 8 Special Election St Francois County 2013 Party Candidate Votes Republican Jason T Smith 1 850 61 81 7 50Democratic Steve Hodges 1 001 33 44 5 73Libertarian Bill Slantz 32 1 07 1 91Constitution Doug Enyart 98 3 27 3 27Write in Wayne L Byington 12 0 40 0 40U S House of Representatives District 8 St Francois County 2012 Party Candidate Votes Republican Jo Ann Emerson 15 423 69 31 Democratic Jack Rushin 6 166 27 71 Libertarian Rick Vandeven 664 2 98 Political culture Edit Presidential elections resultsPresidential elections results 13 Year Republican Democratic Third parties2020 73 3 20 511 25 2 7 044 1 6 4462016 70 1 17 468 25 1 6 250 4 8 1 2022012 58 4 13 248 38 9 8 829 2 8 6282008 51 6 12 660 47 0 11 540 1 4 3502004 52 7 12 087 46 9 10 748 0 4 982000 49 5 9 327 48 2 9 075 2 3 4391996 35 0 6 200 51 0 9 034 14 1 2 4921992 31 1 5 889 49 4 9 367 19 5 3 6911988 49 1 7 923 50 6 8 158 0 3 461984 57 8 9 792 42 2 7 1371980 52 7 8 914 44 3 7 495 3 0 5071976 44 0 7 002 55 6 8 852 0 4 571972 65 4 8 812 34 6 4 6581968 47 6 7 492 40 5 6 379 11 9 1 8671964 35 0 5 690 65 0 10 5671960 58 4 10 131 41 6 7 2051956 56 9 9 968 43 2 7 5661952 54 6 9 672 45 4 8 040 0 1 171948 46 0 6 234 53 7 7 276 0 2 321944 52 0 7 320 47 9 6 745 0 1 111940 51 6 8 687 48 3 8 132 0 2 321936 47 8 7 271 51 8 7 876 0 4 661932 43 6 6 017 55 2 7 613 1 3 1741928 68 3 9 040 31 5 4 171 0 1 171924 51 2 6 117 46 4 5 542 2 5 2971920 49 9 5 504 48 0 5 300 2 1 2351916 43 8 3 015 53 4 3 675 2 8 1951912 37 0 2 305 44 8 2 786 18 2 1 1341908 48 6 3 260 43 8 2 942 7 6 5111904 51 3 2 894 46 3 2 615 2 4 1381900 45 3 2 295 53 4 2 707 1 3 641896 42 4 1 664 57 2 2 245 0 5 181892 36 5 1 253 62 4 2 141 1 1 361888 38 4 1 445 58 9 2 214 2 7 100 At the presidential level St Francois County had previously been a battleground county but it has steadily trended rightward since 2000 to become solidly Republican George W Bush carried St Francois County in 2000 and 2004 but both times the margins of victory were significantly closer than in many of the other rural areas Bill Clinton also carried St Francois County both times in 1992 and 1996 by convincing double digit margins Like many of the other rural counties in Missouri St Francois County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008 although the margin of victory was small In the 2020 presidential election incumbent Republican Donald Trump carried St Francois County almost 3 to 1 over Democrat Joe Biden though Biden ultimately won the presidency Like most rural areas throughout Missouri voters in St Francois County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles but are more moderate or populist on economic issues typical of the Dixiecrat philosophy In 2004 Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman it passed St Francois County with 79 03 percent of the vote The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same sex marriage In 2006 Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state it failed in St Francois County with 50 53 percent voting against the measure The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research Despite St Francois County s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage In 2006 Missourians voted on a proposition Proposition B to increase the minimum wage in the state to 6 50 an hour it passed St Francois County with 79 36 percent of the vote The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75 94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to 6 50 an hour in the state During the same election voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage Covid 19 controversy Edit During the 2020 COVID 19 pandemic the head of the St Francois County Public Health Department described being driven to resign from her position by county fools who refused to accept the reality of the pandemic and made cowardly anonymous threats against her and her family 14 Education EditOf adults 25 years of age and older in St Francois County 72 4 possess a high school diploma or higher while 10 2 hold a bachelor s degree or higher as their highest educational attainment Public schools Edit Bismarck R V School District Bismarck Bismarck Elementary School PK 06 Bismarck High School 07 12 Farmington R VII School District Farmington Jefferson Elementary School 01 04 Lincoln Intermediate School 05 06 Roosevelt Elementary School 01 04 Truman Kindergarten K Washington Franklin Elementary School 01 04 W L Johns Early Childhood Center PK Farmington Middle School 07 08 Farmington High School 09 12 North St Francois County R I School District Bonne Terre North St Francois County Primary School PK 02 Bonne Terre North St Francois County Parkside Elementary School 03 04 Desloge North St Francois County Intermediate School 05 06 Desloge North St Francois County Middle School 07 08 Desloge North St Francois County High School 09 12 Bonne Terre St Francois County Central R III School District Park Hills Park Hills Central Elementary School K 02 West Elementary School 03 05 Park Hills Central Middle School 06 08 Park Hills Central High School 09 12 West St Francois County R IV School District Leadwood West St Francois County Elementary School PK 05 Park Hills West St Francois County Middle School 06 08 Leadwood West St Francois County High School 09 12 Park HillsPrivate schools Edit St Paul Lutheran School Farmington PK 12 Lutheran Church Missouri Synod St Joseph School Farmington K 08 Roman Catholic St Joseph Elementary School Bonne Terre PK 06 Roman CatholicVocational technical and other schools Edit Juvenile Detention Center Farmington 04 12 Midwest Learning Center Farmington 04 12 Unitec Career Center Bonne Terre 10 12 Colleges and universities Edit Mineral Area College Park Hills A public two year community college Public libraries Edit Bonne Terre Memorial Library 15 Communities EditCities Edit Bismarck Bonne Terre Desloge Farmington county seat Iron Mountain Lake Leadington Leadwood Park Hills Census designated places Edit Doe Run Frankclay Goose Creek Lake Knob Lick Lake Timberline Terre du Lac WorthamOther unincorporated communities Edit Blackwell Cross Roads De Lassus French Village Gumbo Halifax Hamilton Town Hazel Run Hurryville Iron Mountain Koester Libertyville Loughboro Mineral City Middlebrook Mitchell Ogborn Old Mines Rock Springs Settletown Silver Springs Syenite Former community Edit HaggaiSee also EditNational Register of Historic Places listings in St Francois County MissouriReferences Edit This article incorporates text fromCampbell s Gazetteer of Missouri by Robert A Campbell a publication from 1874 now in the public domain in the United States a b State amp County QuickFacts United States Census Bureau Retrieved September 14 2013 Find a County National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011 06 07 Eaton David Wolfe 1918 How Missouri Counties Towns and Streams Were Named The State Historical Society of Missouri p 358 St Francois County Missouri Place Names Archived 2011 07 20 at the Wayback Machine Western Historical Manuscript Collection 2010 Census Gazetteer Files United States Census Bureau August 22 2012 Archived from the original on October 21 2013 Retrieved November 20 2014 Population and Housing Unit Estimates Retrieved November 13 2019 U S Decennial Census United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 20 2014 Historical Census Browser University of Virginia Library Retrieved November 20 2014 Population of Counties by Decennial Census 1900 to 1990 United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 20 2014 Census 2000 PHC T 4 Ranking Tables for Counties 1990 and 2000 PDF United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 20 2014 Parishes Nativity of the Holy Virgin Mary Church oca org Retrieved 2018 03 26 Archdiocese of St Louis The Roman Catholic Church in Saint Louis MO archstl org Retrieved 2018 03 26 Leip David Dave Leip s Atlas of U S Presidential Elections uselectionatlas org Retrieved 2020 11 18 Elliott Amber as told to Eli Saslow This is how we treat each other This is who we are Washington Post 18 November 2020 Breeding Marshall Bonne Terre Memorial Library Libraries org Retrieved May 8 2017 External links EditParkland News St Francois County Digitized 1930 Plat Book of St Francois County Archived 2011 08 16 at the Wayback Machine from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections Archives and Rare Books Coordinates 37 46 55 N 90 25 20 W 37 78194 N 90 42222 W 37 78194 90 42222 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title St Francois County Missouri amp oldid 1050537799, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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