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St George's Channel

For other uses, see St George's Channel (disambiguation).

St George's Channel (Welsh: Sianel San Siôr, Irish: Muir Bhreatan) is a sea channel connecting the Irish Sea to the north and the Celtic Sea to the southwest.

Relief map depicting St George's Channel and the Irish Sea
Edmond Halley's solar eclipse 1715 map showing St. George's Channel

Historically, the name "St George's Channel" was used interchangeably with "Irish Sea" or "Irish Channel" to encompass all the waters between Ireland to the west and Wales to the east. Some geographers restricted it to the portion separating Wales from Leinster, sometimes extending south to the waters between the West Country of England and East Munster; the latter have since the 1970s come to be called the Celtic Sea. In Ireland "St George's Channel" is now usually taken to refer only to the narrowest part of the channel, between Carnsore Point in Wexford and St David's Head in Pembrokeshire. However, it remains common in Ireland to talk about a cross-channel trip, cross-channel soccer, etc., where "cross-channel" means "to/from Great Britain".

The current (third, 1953) edition of the International Hydrographic Organization's publication Limits of Oceans and Seas defines the southern limit of "Irish Sea and St. George's Channel" as "A line joining St. David's Head (51°54′N5°19′W /51.900°N 5.317°W /51.900; -5.317) to Carnsore Point (52°10′N6°22′W /52.167°N 6.367°W /52.167; -6.367)"; it does not define the two waterbodies separately. The 2002 draft fourth edition omits the "and St. George's Channel" part of the label.

A 2004 letter from the St.George's Channel Shipping Company to Seascapes, an RTÉ Radio programme, said that St George's Channel bordered the Irish coast between Howth Head and Kilmore Quay, and criticised contributors to the programme who had used "Irish Sea" for these waters.

The name "St George's Channel" is recorded in 1578 in Martin Frobisher's record of his second voyage. It is said to derive from a legend that Saint George had voyaged to Roman Britain from the Byzantine Empire, approaching Britain via the channel that bears his name. The name was popularised by English settlers in Ireland after the Plantations.

  1. "Muir Bhreatan". logainm.ie. Placenames Branch (Department of Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs). Retrieved18 September 2010.
  2. C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea. eds P.Saundry & C.Cleveland. encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  3. Andrews, John Harwood (January 1997). Shapes of Ireland: maps and their makers 1564–1839. Geography Publications. pp. 87–88, 155. ISBN 978-0-906602-95-9. Retrieved18 September 2010.
  4. Thomas Curtis, ed. (1839). "George's Channel (St.)". The London encyclopaedia. 10. p. 133. Retrieved18 September 2010.
  5. Heslinga, Marcus Willem (1979). The Irish border as a cultural divide: a contribution to the study of regionalism in the British Isles. Van Gorcum. p. 8. ISBN 978-90-232-0864-8. Retrieved18 September 2010.
  6. "Corrections to pages 12 and 13"(PDF). Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition. International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved28 December 2020.
  7. Choo, Sungjae (2007). "The Cases of International Standardization of Sea Names and Their Implications for Justifying the Name East Sea"(PDF). Journal of the Korean Geographical Society. 42 (5): 751, Table 3, footnote. Retrieved15 August 2012.
  8. "2002 Draft of Limits of Oceans and Seas". IHO. Retrieved25 May 2016.
  9. "Seascapes News Summary". RTÉ.ie. 30 September 2004. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved18 September 2010.
  10. Taylor, Isaac (1896). "St. George's Channel". Names and their histories, alphabetically arranged as a handbook of historical geography and topographical nomenclature. Rivington, Percival. p. 243. Retrieved18 September 2010.
  11. Room, Adrian (2006). "St George's Channel". Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for 6,600 countries, cities, territories, natural features, and historic sites. McFarland. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-7864-2248-7. Retrieved18 September 2010.

Coordinates: 52°5′N5°45′W /52.083°N 5.750°W /52.083; -5.750

St George's Channel
St George s Channel Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Saint George 039 s Channel For other uses see St George s Channel disambiguation St George s Channel Welsh Sianel San Sior Irish Muir Bhreatan 1 is a sea channel connecting the Irish Sea to the north and the Celtic Sea to the southwest 2 Relief map depicting St George s Channel and the Irish Sea Edmond Halley s solar eclipse 1715 map showing St George s Channel Historically the name St George s Channel was used interchangeably with Irish Sea or Irish Channel to encompass all the waters between Ireland to the west and Wales to the east 3 4 Some geographers restricted it to the portion separating Wales from Leinster 3 4 sometimes extending south to the waters between the West Country of England and East Munster 4 the latter have since the 1970s come to be called the Celtic Sea In Ireland St George s Channel is now usually taken to refer only to the narrowest part of the channel between Carnsore Point in Wexford and St David s Head in Pembrokeshire However it remains common in Ireland to talk about a cross channel trip cross channel soccer etc where cross channel means to from Great Britain 5 The current third 1953 edition of the International Hydrographic Organization s publication Limits of Oceans and Seas defines the southern limit of Irish Sea and St George s Channel as A line joining St David s Head 51 54 N 5 19 W 51 900 N 5 317 W 51 900 5 317 to Carnsore Point 52 10 N 6 22 W 52 167 N 6 367 W 52 167 6 367 it does not define the two waterbodies separately 6 The 2002 draft fourth edition omits the and St George s Channel part of the label 7 8 A 2004 letter from the St George s Channel Shipping Company to Seascapes an RTE Radio programme said that St George s Channel bordered the Irish coast between Howth Head and Kilmore Quay and criticised contributors to the programme who had used Irish Sea for these waters 9 The name St George s Channel is recorded in 1578 10 in Martin Frobisher s record of his second voyage It is said to derive from a legend that Saint George had voyaged to Roman Britain from the Byzantine Empire approaching Britain via the channel that bears his name 11 The name was popularised by English settlers in Ireland after the Plantations 3 See also EditNicobar Islands the channel between Little Nicobar and Great Nicobar is also called St George s Channel North Channel Great Britain and Ireland Straits of MoyleReferences Edit Muir Bhreatan logainm ie Placenames Branch Department of Community Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs Retrieved 18 September 2010 C Michael Hogan 2011 Irish Sea eds P Saundry amp C Cleveland encyclopedia of Earth National Council for Science and the Environment Washington DC a b c Andrews John Harwood January 1997 Shapes of Ireland maps and their makers 1564 1839 Geography Publications pp 87 88 155 ISBN 978 0 906602 95 9 Retrieved 18 September 2010 a b c Thomas Curtis ed 1839 George s Channel St The London encyclopaedia 10 p 133 Retrieved 18 September 2010 Heslinga Marcus Willem 1979 The Irish border as a cultural divide a contribution to the study of regionalism in the British Isles Van Gorcum p 8 ISBN 978 90 232 0864 8 Retrieved 18 September 2010 Corrections to pages 12 and 13 PDF Limits of Oceans and Seas 3rd edition International Hydrographic Organization 1953 Retrieved 28 December 2020 Choo Sungjae 2007 The Cases of International Standardization of Sea Names and Their Implications for Justifying the Name East Sea PDF Journal of the Korean Geographical Society 42 5 751 Table 3 footnote Retrieved 15 August 2012 2002 Draft of Limits of Oceans and Seas IHO Retrieved 25 May 2016 Seascapes News Summary RTE ie 30 September 2004 Archived from the original on 25 May 2012 Retrieved 18 September 2010 Taylor Isaac 1896 St George s Channel Names and their histories alphabetically arranged as a handbook of historical geography and topographical nomenclature Rivington Percival p 243 Retrieved 18 September 2010 Room Adrian 2006 St George s Channel Placenames of the world origins and meanings of the names for 6 600 countries cities territories natural features and historic sites McFarland p 326 ISBN 978 0 7864 2248 7 Retrieved 18 September 2010 Coordinates 52 5 N 5 45 W 52 083 N 5 750 W 52 083 5 750 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title St George 27s Channel amp oldid 1048429208, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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