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Saint Helen's Island

Not to be confused with Saint Helena.

Saint Helen's Island (French: Île Sainte-Hélène) is an island in the Saint Lawrence River, in the territory of the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is situated immediately southeast of the Island of Montreal, in the extreme southwest of Quebec. It forms part of the Hochelaga Archipelago. The Le Moyne Channel separates it from Notre Dame Island. Saint Helen's Island and Notre Dame Island together make up Jean-Deapeau Park (formerly Parc des Îles).

Saint Helen's Island
Native name:
Île Sainte-Hélène
Geography
LocationSaint Lawrence River
Coordinates45°31′04″N73°32′02″W /45.51778°N 73.53389°W /45.51778; -73.53389Coordinates: 45°31′04″N73°32′02″W /45.51778°N 73.53389°W /45.51778; -73.53389
ArchipelagoHochelaga Archipelago
Administration
Canada
ProvinceQuebec
CityMontreal
BoroughVille-Marie
Demographics
PopulationUninhabited

It was named in 1611 by Samuel de Champlain in honour of his wife, Hélène de Champlain, née Boullé. The island belonged to the Le Moyne family of Longueuil from 1665 until 1818, when it was purchased by the British government. A fort (Saint Helen Island Fort), powderhouse and blockhouse were built on the island as defences for the city, in consequence of the War of 1812.

Contents

Painting, Montreal from St. Helen's Island by George Heriot, about 1801

In 1838 plans were in place by the British Ordnance Department to establish an observatory, but it was moved to Toronto instead.

The newly formed Canadian government acquired the island in 1870; it was converted into a public park in 1874. The public used it as a beach and swam in the river.

In the 1940s, during World War II, Saint Helen's Island, along with various other regions within Canada, such as the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean and Hull, Quebec had prisoner-of-war camps. St. Helen's prison was number forty seven and remained unnamed just like most of Canada's other war prisons. The prisoners of war (POWs) were sorted and classified into categories including their nationality and civilian or military status. In this camp, POWs were mostly of Italian and German nationality. Also, prisoners were forced into hard labour which included farming and lumbering the land. By 1944 the camp would be closed and shortly afterwards destroyed because of an internal report on the treatment of prisoners.

The archipelago of which Saint Helen's Island is a part was chosen as the site of Expo 67, a World's Fair on the theme of Man and His World, or in French, Terre des Hommes. In preparation for Expo 67, the island was greatly enlarged and consolidated with several nearby islands, using earth excavated during the construction of the Montreal metro. The nearby island, Notre Dame Island, was built from scratch.

After Expo 67, the site continued to be used as a fairground, now under the name Man and His World or Terre des Hommes. Most of the expo installations were dismantled and the island was returned to parkland.

Several important attractions are found on the island, including the Saint Helen Island Fort, the La Ronde amusement park, the Biosphere (an interpretative museum about the Saint Lawrence River installed in the former American Pavilion from Expo), and an Aquatic Complex (French: Complexe aquatique de l'île Sainte-Hélène) that includes three exterior pools. The park is a primary recreational site for Montrealers and hosts frequent concerts and shows, including the L'International des Feux Loto-Québec international fireworks competition and the annual Osheaga music festival.

During the summer season, on Sundays, electronic music fans can enjoy live DJs during the Piknic Elektronic event.

The island can be accessed by public transit, by car, by bicycle or by foot. The Concordia Bridge links St. Helen's Island to Montreal's Cité du Havre neighbourhood on the Island of Montreal as well as Notre Dame Island (which itself is connected to Saint-Lambert on the south shore by bicycle paths). The island is also accessible via the Jacques Cartier Bridge from both the Island of Montreal and Longueuil on the south shore. The Yellow Line of the Montreal Metro has a stop on St. Helen's Island: Jean-Drapeau station.

  1. Thiessen, A. D. (1940). "The Founding of the Toronto Magnetic Observatory and the Canadian Meteorological Service". Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada. 40: 308–348. Bibcode:1940JRASC..34..308T.
  2. "Montréal et ses plages: retour vers le futur" [Montreal and its beaches: Back to the future]. journalmetro.com (in French). 31 December 2013. Retrieved21 February 2020.
  3. Note: See also List of POW camps in Canada.
  4. Bernard, Yves & Bergeron, Caroline (1995). Trop loin de Berlin: des prisonniers allemands au Canada, 1939–1946. Les éditions du Septentrion. p. 18. ISBN 978-2-89448-021-2.
  5. "Picknic Électonik Montéal". piknicelelectronik.com. Retrieved21 February 2020.
  • Young, Richard (1980), Blockhouses in Canada, 1749–1841: a Comparative Report and Catalogue., Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History, Canadian Historic Site

Saint Helen's Island
Saint Helen s Island Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with Saint Helena Saint Helen s Island French Ile Sainte Helene is an island in the Saint Lawrence River in the territory of the city of Montreal Quebec Canada It is situated immediately southeast of the Island of Montreal in the extreme southwest of Quebec It forms part of the Hochelaga Archipelago The Le Moyne Channel separates it from Notre Dame Island Saint Helen s Island and Notre Dame Island together make up Jean Deapeau Park formerly Parc des Iles Saint Helen s IslandNative name Ile Sainte HeleneGeographyLocationSaint Lawrence RiverCoordinates45 31 04 N 73 32 02 W 45 51778 N 73 53389 W 45 51778 73 53389 Coordinates 45 31 04 N 73 32 02 W 45 51778 N 73 53389 W 45 51778 73 53389ArchipelagoHochelaga ArchipelagoAdministrationCanadaProvinceQuebecCityMontrealBoroughVille MarieDemographicsPopulationUninhabited It was named in 1611 by Samuel de Champlain in honour of his wife Helene de Champlain nee Boulle The island belonged to the Le Moyne family of Longueuil from 1665 until 1818 when it was purchased by the British government A fort Saint Helen Island Fort powderhouse and blockhouse were built on the island as defences for the city in consequence of the War of 1812 Contents 1 History 2 Visitor attractions 3 Transportation 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 Notes 7 Sources 8 External linksHistory Edit Painting Montreal from St Helen s Island by George Heriot about 1801 In 1838 plans were in place by the British Ordnance Department to establish an observatory but it was moved to Toronto instead 1 The newly formed Canadian government acquired the island in 1870 it was converted into a public park in 1874 The public used it as a beach and swam in the river 2 In the 1940s during World War II Saint Helen s Island along with various other regions within Canada such as the Saguenay Lac Saint Jean and Hull Quebec had prisoner of war camps St Helen s prison was number forty seven and remained unnamed just like most of Canada s other war prisons 3 The prisoners of war POWs were sorted and classified into categories including their nationality and civilian or military status In this camp POWs were mostly of Italian and German nationality 4 Also prisoners were forced into hard labour which included farming and lumbering the land By 1944 the camp would be closed and shortly afterwards destroyed because of an internal report on the treatment of prisoners The archipelago of which Saint Helen s Island is a part was chosen as the site of Expo 67 a World s Fair on the theme of Man and His World or in French Terre des Hommes In preparation for Expo 67 the island was greatly enlarged and consolidated with several nearby islands using earth excavated during the construction of the Montreal metro The nearby island Notre Dame Island was built from scratch After Expo 67 the site continued to be used as a fairground now under the name Man and His World or Terre des Hommes Most of the expo installations were dismantled and the island was returned to parkland Visitor attractions EditSeveral important attractions are found on the island including the Saint Helen Island Fort the La Ronde amusement park the Biosphere an interpretative museum about the Saint Lawrence River installed in the former American Pavilion from Expo and an Aquatic Complex French Complexe aquatique de l ile Sainte Helene that includes three exterior pools The park is a primary recreational site for Montrealers and hosts frequent concerts and shows including the L International des Feux Loto Quebec international fireworks competition and the annual Osheaga music festival During the summer season on Sundays electronic music fans can enjoy live DJs during the Piknic Elektronic event 5 Transportation EditThe island can be accessed by public transit by car by bicycle or by foot The Concordia Bridge links St Helen s Island to Montreal s Cite du Havre neighbourhood on the Island of Montreal as well as Notre Dame Island which itself is connected to Saint Lambert on the south shore by bicycle paths The island is also accessible via the Jacques Cartier Bridge from both the Island of Montreal and Longueuil on the south shore The Yellow Line of the Montreal Metro has a stop on St Helen s Island Jean Drapeau station Gallery Edit Picnic on Saint Helen s Island 1938 Beach scene 1938 Man a sculpture by Alexander Calder on Saint Helen s Island Le Phare du Cosmos 1967 by Yves Trudeau created for Expo 67 in Saint Helen s Island The Saint Helen Island Fort The Montreal Biosphere The Tour de LevisSee also EditList of islands of QuebecNotes Edit Thiessen A D 1940 The Founding of the Toronto Magnetic Observatory and the Canadian Meteorological Service Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 40 308 348 Bibcode 1940JRASC 34 308T Montreal et ses plages retour vers le futur Montreal and its beaches Back to the future journalmetro com in French 31 December 2013 Retrieved 21 February 2020 Note See also List of POW camps in Canada Bernard Yves amp Bergeron Caroline 1995 Trop loin de Berlin des prisonniers allemands au Canada 1939 1946 Les editions du Septentrion p 18 ISBN 978 2 89448 021 2 Picknic Electonik Monteal piknicelelectronik com Retrieved 21 February 2020 Sources EditYoung Richard 1980 Blockhouses in Canada 1749 1841 a Comparative Report and Catalogue Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History Canadian Historic SiteExternal links EditParc Jean Drapeau Site Internet de la Biosphere The Biosphere s Web Site Sainte Helene Island at Expo 67 Saint Helen s Island Collection McGill University Library amp Archives Site de l exile de Napoleon a Sainte Helene Napoleon at St Helena Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saint Helen 27s Island amp oldid 1008751719, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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