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Saint John's Abbey, Collegeville

Saint John's Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in Collegeville Township, Minnesota, United States, affiliated with the American-Cassinese Congregation. The abbey was established following the arrival in the area of monks from Saint Vincent Archabbey in Pennsylvania in 1856. Saint John's is one of the largest Benedictine abbeys in the Western Hemisphere, with 133 professed monks. The Right Reverend Fr. John Klassen, OSB, serves as the tenth abbot.

Saint John's Abbey
Saint John's Abbey Church and Bell Banner, on the Campus of Saint John's University
Location within Minnesota
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Saint John's Abbey, Collegeville (the United States)
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Monastery information
OrderOrder of Saint Benedict
Established1856
Mother houseSaint Vincent Archabbey, Latrobe, Pennsylvania (founded 1846)
ArchdioceseRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis
DioceseRoman Catholic Diocese of Saint Cloud
Controlled churches19 total Monastic Residence points outside of the Abbey, and 16 of them being Benedictine- run Parishes
People
Founder(s)Fr. Bruno Riss, O.S.B., Fr. Cornelius Wittmann, O.S.B., and the founding German Benedictines.
AbbotRt. Rev. Fr. John Klassen, O.S.B.
PriorRev. Fr. Bradley Jenniges, O.S.B.
Site
Location2900 Abbey Plaza, Collegeville, Minnesota, United States
Coordinates45°34′49″N94°23′32″W /45.58028°N 94.39222°W /45.58028; -94.39222Coordinates: 45°34′49″N94°23′32″W /45.58028°N 94.39222°W /45.58028; -94.39222
Public accessYes
Websitewww.saintjohnsabbey.org
St. John's Abbey and University Historic District
The Great Hall, which served as the abbey church until the construction of the current church
Area26 acres (11 ha)
Built1868–1959
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural styleLate Victorian, Second Empire, Romanesque Revival
NRHP reference No.79001256
Added to NRHPMarch 23, 1979

A school founded at the abbey grew into Saint John's University in 1883. 17 buildings constructed at the abbey and university between 1868 and 1959 are listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the St. John's Abbey and University Historic District.

Contents

In 1856, five monks of Saint Vincent Archabbey in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, arrived in St. Cloud, Minnesota, at the behest of Joseph Crétin, Bishop of St. Paul. They established the priory there and began to minister to the German immigrants in central Minnesota. One of the first ministries of the new community was Saint John's College, which would come to be known as Saint John's Preparatory School. In 1862 the community moved some miles west, into the wooded area of the valley, and again in 1865 to the shores of Lake Sagatagan. It was in this location that the community began to flourish, and in 1866 the priory was raised to the status of Abbey and the community elected Fr. Rupert Seidenbusch as the first Abbot.

By the early 1950s the monastic community had reached to a near 450 monks, and had outgrown the original abbey church and so plans were made to construct a new, larger worship space which could accommodate a larger congregation. The liturgical movement which would culminate in the Second Vatican Council was in full swing at Saint John's and so the new church was also to be designed with some of the anticipated liturgical changes in mind. (Following the Council, almost no changes needed to be made to incorporate the new liturgical rules.) The community contacted twelve architects and asked them to submit plans for a church which would "be truly an architectural monument to the service of God." In 1954 the community selected Marcel Breuer to design not only the new church but an addition to the monastic enclosure.

Breuer's design incorporated the traditional axis of baptistery, nave, and altar in a modern concrete structure. The monastic choir stalls and Abbot's throne were placed in a less traditional semi-circular shape around the main altar, which also served to invite the congregation closer. The church was designed so that even with a capacity of over 1500, the entire community was able to feel like they were intimately involved in the liturgy. Perhaps the most striking part of the design was the facade and bell tower, which itself was shaped like a large bell and sat suspended over the main entrance of the church. The "banner" rises 112 vertical feet in front of the church and houses the 5 bells which sound the hours and call the monastic and university communities to prayer. The north facade of the building is the largest wall of stained glass in the world and contains 430 colorful hexagons of abstract design.

Construction of the church began on May 19, 1958, and lasted until August 24, 1961. The church was consecrated in the fall of 1961 and serves to this day as the principal liturgical space of both the monastic community and the university. The monastic community gathers for morning prayer, midday prayer, Mass, and evening prayer every weekday and except for rare occasions these liturgies are open to the public. On the weekends there is not public midday prayer. All liturgical events in the Abbey Church are broadcast on the Abbey website, as well as through the Saint John's University on-campus cable system.

In addition to the preparatory school, the abbey also established Saint John's University, which was connected to the abbey itself by "the Quadrangle", at the time the largest building west of the Mississippi River dedicated to education. The abbey also operates Liturgical Press, one of the foremost liturgical publishing houses in the United States. Also located on the grounds of the abbey are the Collegeville Institute for Ecumenical and Cultural Research, the Episcopal House of Prayer (Diocese of Minnesota), the original Minnesota Public Radio studio, and the Saint John the Baptist Parish Center. The 2,500-acre (10 km2) grounds of the abbey comprise lakes, prairie, and hardwoods on rolling glacial moraine, and have been designated Saint John's Arboretum. The abbey is the location of a number of structures designed by the modernist Bauhaus architect Marcel Breuer. The Abbey Church, with its banner bell tower, is one of his best-known works. In its undercroft is a chapel that contains the relics of Saint Peregrine.

A historic district of 17 buildings at Saint John's Abbey and University was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 for having national significance in the themes of architecture, community planning and development, education, and religion. It was nominated for being an architecturally and historically significant campus of a leading religious and educational institution of the Order of Saint Benedict.

The abbey is the setting for The Cloister Walk, a collection of essays on Christian spirituality by Kathleen Norris.

The grounds include the Episcopal House of Prayer, a retreat center affiliated with the Episcopal Church.

Outside of St. John's, the abbey's monks serve 16 parishes along with various nursing homes and hospitals in the Diocese of Saint Cloud and in the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis. A sister priory of Saint John's, Trinity Benedictine Monastery, is located in Fujimi, Japan.

The abbey's Hill Museum & Manuscript Library houses the world's largest collection of manuscript images. This library is also the home of The Saint John's Bible, the first completely handwritten and illuminated Bible to have been commissioned by a Benedictine monastery since the invention of the printing press.

More than 250 allegations of sexual and other misconduct by over 60 members of Saint John's community have been made.

  1. Rt. Rev. Rupert Seidenbusch, O.S.B. (1866–1875) Named Bishop of the Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Minnesota
  2. Rt. Rev. Alexius Edelbrock, O.S.B. (1875–1889)
  3. Rt. Rev. Bernard Locnikar, O.S.B. (1890–1894)
  4. Rt. Rev. Peter Engel, O.S.B. (1894–1921)
  5. Rt. Rev. Alcuin Deutsch, O.S.B. (1921–1950)
  6. Rt. Rev. Baldwin Dworschak, O.S.B. (1950–1971)
  7. Rt. Rev. John Eidenschink, O.S.B. (1971–1979)
  8. Rt. Rev. Jerome Theisen, O.S.B. (1979–1992) Elected Abbot Primate of the Benedictine Confederation
  9. Rt. Rev. Timothy Kelly, O.S.B. (1992–2000)
  10. Rt. Rev. John Klassen, O.S.B. (2000–present)


Sunset on Lake Sagatagan, 2013.
  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. "OSB Atlas - Collegeville - Saint John's (1856)". Retrieved2017-12-05.
  3. Tegeder, Vincent G.; Charles W. Nelson (1978-03-15). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: St. John's Abbey and University Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved2018-03-31.Cite journal requires |journal= ()
  4. "Saint John's Abbey :: Abbey History". Saintjohnsabbey.org. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  5. "Saint John's Abbey :: Abbey Church". Saintjohnsabbey.org. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  6. "AD Classics: St. John's Abbey Church / Marcel Breuer". ArchDaily.com. 2012-07-23. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  7. "Saint John's Abbey Church Tour"(PDF). Saintjohnsabbey.org. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  8. "MPR: Still controversial, the Abbey Church turns 40". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. 2001-10-24. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  9. "Saint John's Abbey :: Praying with Us". Saintjohnsabbey.org. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  10. "Saint John's Abbey :: Liturgy Broadcasts". Saintjohnsabbey.org. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  11. "St. John's Abbey and University Historic District". Minnesota National Register Properties Database. Minnesota Historical Society. 2009. Retrieved2018-03-31.
  12. "Episcopal House of Prayer". Saint John's Abbey. Retrieved2019-02-05. The Episcopal House of Prayer in Collegeville is a retreat center on five wooded acres provided by Saint John's Abbey.
  13. "Behind the Pine Curtain". BehindThePineCurtain.com. 2015-04-28. Retrieved2016-11-28.
  14. "St. John's Abbey monk accused of abuse reports 200 sexual encounters". StarTribune.com. 2015-11-24. Retrieved2016-11-28.

Saint John's Abbey, Collegeville
Saint John s Abbey Collegeville Language Watch Edit Saint John s Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in Collegeville Township Minnesota United States affiliated with the American Cassinese Congregation The abbey was established following the arrival in the area of monks from Saint Vincent Archabbey in Pennsylvania in 1856 Saint John s is one of the largest Benedictine abbeys in the Western Hemisphere with 133 professed monks 2 The Right Reverend Fr John Klassen OSB serves as the tenth abbot Saint John s AbbeySaint John s Abbey Church and Bell Banner on the Campus of Saint John s UniversityLocation within MinnesotaShow map of MinnesotaSaint John s Abbey Collegeville the United States Show map of the United StatesMonastery informationOrderOrder of Saint BenedictEstablished1856Mother houseSaint Vincent Archabbey Latrobe Pennsylvania founded 1846 ArchdioceseRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Paul and MinneapolisDioceseRoman Catholic Diocese of Saint CloudControlled churches19 total Monastic Residence points outside of the Abbey and 16 of them being Benedictine run ParishesPeopleFounder s Fr Bruno Riss O S B Fr Cornelius Wittmann O S B and the founding German Benedictines AbbotRt Rev Fr John Klassen O S B PriorRev Fr Bradley Jenniges O S B SiteLocation2900 Abbey Plaza Collegeville Minnesota United StatesCoordinates45 34 49 N 94 23 32 W 45 58028 N 94 39222 W 45 58028 94 39222 Coordinates 45 34 49 N 94 23 32 W 45 58028 N 94 39222 W 45 58028 94 39222Public accessYesWebsitewww wbr saintjohnsabbey wbr orgSt John s Abbey and University Historic DistrictU S National Register of Historic PlacesU S Historic districtThe Great Hall which served as the abbey church until the construction of the current churchArea26 acres 11 ha Built1868 1959ArchitectMultipleArchitectural styleLate Victorian Second Empire Romanesque RevivalNRHP reference No 79001256 1 Added to NRHPMarch 23 1979 A school founded at the abbey grew into Saint John s University in 1883 17 buildings constructed at the abbey and university between 1868 and 1959 are listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the St John s Abbey and University Historic District 3 Contents 1 Establishment 2 Abbey Church of Saint John the Baptist 3 Grounds 4 Ministries 5 Saint John s Bible 6 Sexual abuse allegations 7 List of Abbots 8 References 9 External linksEstablishment EditIn 1856 five monks of Saint Vincent Archabbey in Latrobe Pennsylvania arrived in St Cloud Minnesota at the behest of Joseph Cretin Bishop of St Paul 4 They established the priory there and began to minister to the German immigrants in central Minnesota One of the first ministries of the new community was Saint John s College which would come to be known as Saint John s Preparatory School In 1862 the community moved some miles west into the wooded area of the valley and again in 1865 to the shores of Lake Sagatagan It was in this location that the community began to flourish and in 1866 the priory was raised to the status of Abbey and the community elected Fr Rupert Seidenbusch as the first Abbot Abbey Church of Saint John the Baptist EditBy the early 1950s the monastic community had reached to a near 450 monks and had outgrown the original abbey church and so plans were made to construct a new larger worship space which could accommodate a larger congregation 5 The liturgical movement which would culminate in the Second Vatican Council was in full swing at Saint John s and so the new church was also to be designed with some of the anticipated liturgical changes in mind Following the Council almost no changes needed to be made to incorporate the new liturgical rules The community contacted twelve architects and asked them to submit plans for a church which would be truly an architectural monument to the service of God 6 In 1954 the community selected Marcel Breuer to design not only the new church but an addition to the monastic enclosure Breuer s design incorporated the traditional axis of baptistery nave and altar in a modern concrete structure 7 The monastic choir stalls and Abbot s throne were placed in a less traditional semi circular shape around the main altar which also served to invite the congregation closer 6 The church was designed so that even with a capacity of over 1500 the entire community was able to feel like they were intimately involved in the liturgy Perhaps the most striking part of the design was the facade and bell tower which itself was shaped like a large bell and sat suspended over the main entrance of the church The banner rises 112 vertical feet in front of the church and houses the 5 bells which sound the hours and call the monastic and university communities to prayer 8 5 The north facade of the building is the largest wall of stained glass in the world and contains 430 colorful hexagons of abstract design Construction of the church began on May 19 1958 and lasted until August 24 1961 5 The church was consecrated in the fall of 1961 and serves to this day as the principal liturgical space of both the monastic community and the university The monastic community gathers for morning prayer midday prayer Mass and evening prayer every weekday and except for rare occasions these liturgies are open to the public 9 On the weekends there is not public midday prayer All liturgical events in the Abbey Church are broadcast on the Abbey website as well as through the Saint John s University on campus cable system 10 Grounds EditIn addition to the preparatory school the abbey also established Saint John s University which was connected to the abbey itself by the Quadrangle at the time the largest building west of the Mississippi River dedicated to education The abbey also operates Liturgical Press one of the foremost liturgical publishing houses in the United States Also located on the grounds of the abbey are the Collegeville Institute for Ecumenical and Cultural Research the Episcopal House of Prayer Diocese of Minnesota the original Minnesota Public Radio studio and the Saint John the Baptist Parish Center The 2 500 acre 10 km2 grounds of the abbey comprise lakes prairie and hardwoods on rolling glacial moraine and have been designated Saint John s Arboretum The abbey is the location of a number of structures designed by the modernist Bauhaus architect Marcel Breuer The Abbey Church with its banner bell tower is one of his best known works In its undercroft is a chapel that contains the relics of Saint Peregrine A historic district of 17 buildings at Saint John s Abbey and University was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 for having national significance in the themes of architecture community planning and development education and religion 11 It was nominated for being an architecturally and historically significant campus of a leading religious and educational institution of the Order of Saint Benedict 3 The abbey is the setting for The Cloister Walk a collection of essays on Christian spirituality by Kathleen Norris The grounds include the Episcopal House of Prayer a retreat center affiliated with the Episcopal Church 12 Ministries EditOutside of St John s the abbey s monks serve 16 parishes along with various nursing homes and hospitals in the Diocese of Saint Cloud and in the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis A sister priory of Saint John s Trinity Benedictine Monastery is located in Fujimi Japan Saint John s Bible EditThe abbey s Hill Museum amp Manuscript Library houses the world s largest collection of manuscript images This library is also the home of The Saint John s Bible the first completely handwritten and illuminated Bible to have been commissioned by a Benedictine monastery since the invention of the printing press Sexual abuse allegations EditMore than 250 allegations of sexual and other misconduct by over 60 members of Saint John s community have been made 13 14 List of Abbots EditRt Rev Rupert Seidenbusch O S B 1866 1875 Named Bishop of the Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Minnesota Rt Rev Alexius Edelbrock O S B 1875 1889 Rt Rev Bernard Locnikar O S B 1890 1894 Rt Rev Peter Engel O S B 1894 1921 Rt Rev Alcuin Deutsch O S B 1921 1950 Rt Rev Baldwin Dworschak O S B 1950 1971 Rt Rev John Eidenschink O S B 1971 1979 Rt Rev Jerome Theisen O S B 1979 1992 Elected Abbot Primate of the Benedictine Confederation Rt Rev Timothy Kelly O S B 1992 2000 Rt Rev John Klassen O S B 2000 present Sunset on Lake Sagatagan 2013 References Edit National Register Information System National Register of Historic Places National Park Service July 9 2010 OSB Atlas Collegeville Saint John s 1856 Retrieved 2017 12 05 a b Tegeder Vincent G Charles W Nelson 1978 03 15 National Register of Historic Places Registration Form St John s Abbey and University Historic District National Park Service Retrieved 2018 03 31 Cite journal requires journal help Saint John s Abbey Abbey History Saintjohnsabbey org Retrieved 2016 11 28 a b c Saint John s Abbey Abbey Church Saintjohnsabbey org Retrieved 2016 11 28 a b AD Classics St John s Abbey Church Marcel Breuer ArchDaily com 2012 07 23 Retrieved 2016 11 28 Saint John s Abbey Church Tour PDF Saintjohnsabbey org Retrieved 2016 11 28 MPR Still controversial the Abbey Church turns 40 News minnesota publicradio org 2001 10 24 Retrieved 2016 11 28 Saint John s Abbey Praying with Us Saintjohnsabbey org Retrieved 2016 11 28 Saint John s Abbey Liturgy Broadcasts Saintjohnsabbey org Retrieved 2016 11 28 St John s Abbey and University Historic District Minnesota National Register Properties Database Minnesota Historical Society 2009 Retrieved 2018 03 31 Episcopal House of Prayer Saint John s Abbey Retrieved 2019 02 05 The Episcopal House of Prayer in Collegeville is a retreat center on five wooded acres provided by Saint John s Abbey Behind the Pine Curtain BehindThePineCurtain com 2015 04 28 Retrieved 2016 11 28 St John s Abbey monk accused of abuse reports 200 sexual encounters StarTribune com 2015 11 24 Retrieved 2016 11 28 External links EditSaint John s Abbey Liturgical Press Digital Image Collection of Saint John s Abbey St John s Abbey Church on Architectuul Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saint John 27s Abbey Collegeville amp oldid 1022310067, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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