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Monastery of Saint Thaddeus

This article is about an Armenian monastery in Iran. For the church in Armenia, see St. Thaddeus Church, Ddmashen.

The Monastery of Saint Thaddeus (Armenian:Սուրբ Թադէոսի վանք, Surb Tadeosi vank; Persian:کلیسای تادئوس مقدس‎, Kelisā-ye Tādeus moghadas) is an ancient Armenian monastery in the mountainous area of West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. It is believed to be one of the oldest church buildings in the world

Monastery of Saint Thaddeus
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationChaldoran County, Iran
Part ofArmenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iii), (vi)
Reference1262
Inscription2008 (32nd Session)
Area40 ha (0.15 sq mi)
Buffer zone311 ha (1.20 sq mi)
Coordinates39°5′32″N44°32′40″E /39.09222°N 44.54444°E /39.09222; 44.54444Coordinates: 39°5′32″N44°32′40″E /39.09222°N 44.54444°E /39.09222; 44.54444
Location of Monastery of Saint Thaddeus in Iran

Also known as Kara Kilise (the "Black Church") (Persian:قره‌ کلیسا‎, Qare Kelisā), it is located about 20 kilometers from the town of Chaldiran. The monastery and its distinctive Armenian conical roofs are visible from long distances.

The Monastery is site of the Pilgrimage of St. Thaddeus which in 2020 was added by UNESCO to its list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Contents

Regional map showing the location of the Monastery of Saint Thaddeus

According to the tradition of the Armenian Apostolic Church, Saint Thaddeus, also known as Saint Jude, (not to be confused with Judas Iscariot), evangelized the region of Armenia and Persia. Thaddeus suffered martyrdom in Armenia, according to the same tradition, and is revered as an apostle of the Armenian Church. Legend has it that a church dedicated to him was first built on the present site in AD 68.[citation needed]

Little remains of the monastery's original structure, as it was extensively rebuilt after an earthquake damaged it in 1319. Nevertheless, some of the parts surrounding the altar apse date from the 7th century.

Much of the present structure dates from 1811, when the Qajar prince Abbas Mirza aided renovations and repairs. Simeon, Father Superior of the monastery, added a large narthex-like western extension to the church.

The western extension duplicates the design of Etchmiadzin Cathedral, the mother church of the Armenian Apostolic Church. The 19th century additions were constructed from ashlar sandstone. The earliest sections are of black and white stone, hence its Turkic name Qara kilise, meaning "the Black Church."

In July 2008, the Monastery of Saint Thaddeus was added to UNESCO's World Heritage List, along with two other Armenian monuments in the same province: the Monastery of Saint Stepanos and the Chapel of Dzordzor.

Chapel of Zachary, close to the monastery

Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew

According to Armenian Church tradition, the Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew traveled through Armenia in AD 45 to preach the word of God, where many people were converted and numerous secret Christian communities were established.

The ancient Christian historian Moses of Khorene told the following story, considered a legend by most modern historiographers. Thaddeus converted King Abgar V of Edessa. After his death, the Armenian kingdom was split into two parts. His son Ananun crowned himself in Edessa, while his nephew Sanatruk ruled in Armenia. About AD 66, Ananun gave the order to kill Saint Thaddeus in Edessa. The king's daughter Sandokht, who had converted to Christianity, was martyred with Thaddeus. Her tomb is said to be located near the Qara Kelisa.

Events

The annual ceremony and pilgrimage in the St. Thaddeus Monastery was held 14-16 July 2016. It was held by the Armenian Diocese of Atrpatakan. In December 2020, UNESCO added the pilgrimage to its list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

  • The compound

  • Details of craftsmanship

  • The monastery

  • Another view of the monastery

  • Interior view

  • Panoramic view from the outside

  1. Korbendau, Yves; Parker, Claire; McElhearn, Kirk (2008). The Many Faces of Iran. Paris: ACR Editions. ISBN 9782867701535.
  2. "St Thaddeus Monastery". Index of Armenian Art: Armenian Architecture. Archived from the original on 2010-06-10.
  3. Trotta, Liz (1998). Jude: A Pilgrimage to the Saint of Last Resort. San Francisco: Harper Collins. ISBN 9780060682743.
  4. "Thadeus Monastery". Armenica.org.
  5. https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/pilgrimage-to-the-st-thaddeus-apostle-monastery-01571
  6. McBirnie, William Steuart (1973). The Search For the Twelve Apostles. Wheaton Ill.: Tyndale Momentum. pp. 154–157. ISBN 9780842358392.
  7. Donabédian, Patrick; Thierry, Jean-Michel (1989). Armenian Art. New York: Harry N Abrams. p. 308. ISBN 978-0810906259.
  8. Wilmshurst, David (2011). The Martyred Church: A History of the Church of the East. East & West Publishing Limited. pp. 7–9. ISBN 978-1-907318-04-7.
  9. https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/pilgrimage-to-the-st-thaddeus-apostle-monastery-01571
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Thaddeus Monastery.

Monastery of Saint Thaddeus
Monastery of Saint Thaddeus Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Saint Thaddeus Monastery This article is about an Armenian monastery in Iran For the church in Armenia see St Thaddeus Church Ddmashen The Monastery of Saint Thaddeus Armenian Սուրբ Թադէոսի վանք Surb Tadeosi vank Persian کلیسای تادئوس مقدس Kelisa ye Tadeus moghadas is an ancient Armenian monastery in the mountainous area of West Azerbaijan Province Iran It is believed to be one of the oldest church buildings in the worldMonastery of Saint ThaddeusUNESCO World Heritage SiteLocationChaldoran County IranPart ofArmenian Monastic Ensembles of IranCriteriaCultural ii iii vi Reference1262Inscription2008 32nd Session Area40 ha 0 15 sq mi Buffer zone311 ha 1 20 sq mi Coordinates39 5 32 N 44 32 40 E 39 09222 N 44 54444 E 39 09222 44 54444 Coordinates 39 5 32 N 44 32 40 E 39 09222 N 44 54444 E 39 09222 44 54444Location of Monastery of Saint Thaddeus in Iran Also known as Kara Kilise the Black Church 1 Persian قره کلیسا Qare Kelisa it is located about 20 kilometers from the town of Chaldiran 2 3 The monastery and its distinctive Armenian conical roofs are visible from long distances 4 The Monastery is site of the Pilgrimage of St Thaddeus which in 2020 was added by UNESCO to its list of Intangible Cultural Heritage 5 Contents 1 History and architecture 2 Notable details 2 1 Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew 2 2 Events 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory and architecture Edit Regional map showing the location of the Monastery of Saint Thaddeus According to the tradition of the Armenian Apostolic Church Saint Thaddeus also known as Saint Jude not to be confused with Judas Iscariot evangelized the region of Armenia and Persia 6 Thaddeus suffered martyrdom in Armenia according to the same tradition and is revered as an apostle of the Armenian Church 6 Legend has it that a church dedicated to him was first built on the present site in AD 68 citation needed Little remains of the monastery s original structure as it was extensively rebuilt after an earthquake damaged it in 1319 Nevertheless some of the parts surrounding the altar apse date from the 7th century Much of the present structure dates from 1811 7 when the Qajar prince Abbas Mirza aided renovations and repairs Simeon Father Superior of the monastery added a large narthex like western extension to the church The western extension duplicates the design of Etchmiadzin Cathedral the mother church of the Armenian Apostolic Church 7 The 19th century additions were constructed from ashlar sandstone The earliest sections are of black and white stone hence its Turkic name Qara kilise meaning the Black Church In July 2008 the Monastery of Saint Thaddeus was added to UNESCO s World Heritage List along with two other Armenian monuments in the same province the Monastery of Saint Stepanos and the Chapel of Dzordzor Chapel of Zachary close to the monasteryNotable details EditApostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew Edit According to Armenian Church tradition the Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew traveled through Armenia in AD 45 to preach the word of God where many people were converted and numerous secret Christian communities were established The ancient Christian historian Moses of Khorene told the following story considered a legend by most modern historiographers 8 Thaddeus converted King Abgar V of Edessa After his death the Armenian kingdom was split into two parts His son Ananun crowned himself in Edessa while his nephew Sanatruk ruled in Armenia About AD 66 Ananun gave the order to kill Saint Thaddeus in Edessa The king s daughter Sandokht who had converted to Christianity was martyred with Thaddeus Her tomb is said to be located near the Qara Kelisa Events Edit The annual ceremony and pilgrimage in the St Thaddeus Monastery was held 14 16 July 2016 It was held by the Armenian Diocese of Atrpatakan In December 2020 UNESCO added the pilgrimage to its list of Intangible Cultural Heritage 9 Gallery Edit The compound Details of craftsmanship The monastery Another view of the monastery Interior view Panoramic view from the outsideSee also EditVaspurakan Chapel of Dzordzor Saint Stepanos Monastery Saint Bartholomew MonasteryReferences Edit Korbendau Yves Parker Claire McElhearn Kirk 2008 The Many Faces of Iran Paris ACR Editions ISBN 9782867701535 St Thaddeus Monastery Index of Armenian Art Armenian Architecture Archived from the original on 2010 06 10 Trotta Liz 1998 Jude A Pilgrimage to the Saint of Last Resort San Francisco Harper Collins ISBN 9780060682743 Thadeus Monastery Armenica org https ich unesco org en RL pilgrimage to the st thaddeus apostle monastery 01571 a b McBirnie William Steuart 1973 The Search For the Twelve Apostles Wheaton Ill Tyndale Momentum pp 154 157 ISBN 9780842358392 a b Donabedian Patrick Thierry Jean Michel 1989 Armenian Art New York Harry N Abrams p 308 ISBN 978 0810906259 Wilmshurst David 2011 The Martyred Church A History of the Church of the East East amp West Publishing Limited pp 7 9 ISBN 978 1 907318 04 7 https ich unesco org en RL pilgrimage to the st thaddeus apostle monastery 01571External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Thaddeus Monastery UNESCO World Heritage Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran Thaddeus Monastery at Armeniapedia St Thaddeus at Armenica org permanent dead link Armenian Architecture studies Hamid Reza Hosseini Sound of the Ancient Bell in Persian Jadid Online October 31 2008 1 A shorter English version Iran s World Heritage Monastery Jadid Online December 25 2008 2 Slide show with English subtitles 3 5 min 41 sec Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Monastery of Saint Thaddeus amp oldid 1038653824, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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