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Sakala County

Sakala County (Estonian: Sakala, Latin: Saccalia) was an ancient Estonian county that was first mentioned in print by Henry of Latvia in the early 13th century.

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Sakala County is in northwestern Livonia, covering approximately the present counties of Viljandi, the southern half of Pärnu and the western third of Valga County. It was the southernmost of the ancient Estonian counties.

According to one hypothesis, the tribe of Sosols mentioned in Old East Slavic chronicles implies the people of Sakala. The chronicles say that Kievan Rus organized military campaign against Sosols in 1060 and taxed them. A year later, Sosols rose, destroyed Kievan Rus Fort in Tartu and tried to attack Pskov.

After the Livonian Crusade, the county became a part of the Livonian Confederation.

In Sackalian folklore, the neighbouring Ugaunians (ugalased) were enemy warriors and robbers. For instance, a folk song from Viljandi, the capital of Sackalia, calls for speeding up the harvest work because the Ugaunians might attack.[citation needed]

  1. Historical Dictionary of Estonia; p.63 ISBN 0-8108-4904-6
  2. p31, History of Estonia, 2nd Ed., Tõnu Tannberg, et al. AS Bit 2002, ISBN 9985-2-0606-1
  3. The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia ISBN 0-231-12889-4
  4. Mäesalu, Ain (2012). "Could Kedipiv in East-Slavonic Chronicles be Keava hill fort?"(PDF). Estonian Journal of Archaeology. 1: 199. Retrieved27 December 2016.

Sakala County
Sakala County Language Watch Edit Sakala County Estonian Sakala Latin Saccalia 1 was an ancient Estonian county 2 that was first mentioned in print by Henry of Latvia in the early 13th century 3 SakalaSakalacounty of Ancient EstoniaunknownCapitalunknownArea Coordinates58 20 N 25 20 E 58 33 N 25 33 E 58 33 25 33 Coordinates 58 20 N 25 20 E 58 33 N 25 33 E 58 33 25 33HistoryHistory Establishedunknown DisestablishedunknownSucceeded byLivonian Confederation Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 See also 4 ReferencesGeography EditSakala County is in northwestern Livonia covering approximately the present counties of Viljandi the southern half of Parnu and the western third of Valga County It was the southernmost of the ancient Estonian counties History EditAccording to one hypothesis the tribe of Sosols mentioned in Old East Slavic chronicles implies the people of Sakala The chronicles say that Kievan Rus organized military campaign against Sosols in 1060 and taxed them A year later Sosols rose destroyed Kievan Rus Fort in Tartu and tried to attack Pskov 4 After the Livonian Crusade the county became a part of the Livonian Confederation In Sackalian folklore the neighbouring Ugaunians ugalased were enemy warriors and robbers For instance a folk song from Viljandi the capital of Sackalia calls for speeding up the harvest work because the Ugaunians might attack citation needed See also EditList of Estonian rulersReferences Edit Historical Dictionary of Estonia p 63 ISBN 0 8108 4904 6 p31 History of Estonia 2nd Ed Tonu Tannberg et al AS Bit 2002 ISBN 9985 2 0606 1 The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia ISBN 0 231 12889 4 Maesalu Ain 2012 Could Kedipiv in East Slavonic Chronicles be Keava hill fort PDF Estonian Journal of Archaeology 1 199 Retrieved 27 December 2016 This Estonia location article is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sakala County amp oldid 1034580499, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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