fbpx
Wikipedia

Saker (cannon)

For other uses, see Saker (disambiguation).

The saker was a medium cannon, slightly smaller than a culverin, developed during the early 16th century and often used by the English. It was named after the saker falcon, a large falconry bird native to the Middle East.

A Spanish saker of 1686.

A saker's barrel was approximately 9.5 ft (2.9m) long, had a calibre of 3.25 inches (8.26 cm), and weighed approximately 1,900 lb (860 kg). It could fire round shot weighing 5.25 lb (2.4 kg) approximately 2,400 yards (2.3 km) using 4 lb (1.8 kg) of black powder. The shot was intended to bounce along the ground to cause as much damage as possible, the explosive shell being rare before the 19th century. Tests performed in France during the 1950s show that a saker's range was over 3,000 yards (2.7 km) when fired at a 45-degree angle.

Henry VIII amassed a large arsenal of sakers in the early 16th century as he expanded the Royal Navy and came into conflict with France. Henry's foundries used so much bronze that there was a world shortage of tin. According to the inventory in the Anthony Roll, the Mary Rose carried several sakers, though none have been found so far and may have been recovered by salvagers soon after the ship's disastrous sinking. Sakers were heavily used during the English Civil War, especially during sieges, when they were used by both attackers and defenders of fortified towns. They also saw action in the Jacobite rising of 1689 and were used by the armies of both William III and James II at the Battle of the Boyne.

A French version of the saker is the couleuvrine moyenne, meaning "middle sized", which was often used at sea. Venetian merchant ships often carried sakers to defend themselves from pirates, and similar cannons have been found on Spanish Armada wrecks.

In the New World, the Pilgrims removed the naval guns from the Mayflower for use in possible land engagements, which they installed in the fort that they built to protect their newly founded Plimoth Plantation from French, Spanish, and hostile Native Americans. The British installed six saker cannons in Castle William on Castle Island in 1644 when the first of many rebuilds and rearming over the centuries was conducted in order to control the approaches to Boston Harbor.

  1. "Cannon". mysite.du.edu. Retrieved2014-12-02.
  2. "History of the Scots Greys". regimental-art.com. Retrieved2014-12-02.
  3. Artillery through the ages
  4. English ordnance 1626 to 1643
  5. "Exhibitions | Galleries". National Army Museum, London. Retrieved2014-12-02.
  6. "HisEntCo - Rules for historical miniature war games and items of historical interest".
  7. Horner, D. (1999).Shipwreck: A Saga of Sea Tragedy and Sunken Treasure. Sherdian House. p. 244. ISBN 9781574090840. Retrieved2014-12-02.
  8. Duncan I MacLeod. "The Artillery Garden". dimacleod.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2010-03-29. Retrieved2014-12-02.
  9. http://www.eventplan.co.uk/newarksiege.htm
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-19. Retrieved2008-08-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "SW Maritime History - Meeting at Teignmouth 2nd October 1999". swmaritime.org.uk. Retrieved2014-12-02.
  12. "Forts of St. Mary's". Archived from the original on 2007-03-09. Retrieved2014-12-02.

Saker (cannon)
Saker cannon Language Watch Edit For other uses see Saker disambiguation The saker was a medium cannon slightly smaller than a culverin developed during the early 16th century and often used by the English 1 It was named after the saker falcon a large falconry bird native to the Middle East 2 A Spanish saker of 1686 A saker s barrel was approximately 9 5 ft 2 9m long had a calibre of 3 25 inches 8 26 cm and weighed approximately 1 900 lb 860 kg It could fire round shot weighing 5 25 lb 2 4 kg approximately 2 400 yards 2 3 km using 4 lb 1 8 kg of black powder 3 4 The shot was intended to bounce along the ground to cause as much damage as possible the explosive shell being rare before the 19th century 5 Tests performed in France during the 1950s show that a saker s range was over 3 000 yards 2 7 km when fired at a 45 degree angle 6 Henry VIII amassed a large arsenal of sakers in the early 16th century as he expanded the Royal Navy and came into conflict with France Henry s foundries used so much bronze that there was a world shortage of tin According to the inventory in the Anthony Roll the Mary Rose carried several sakers though none have been found so far and may have been recovered by salvagers soon after the ship s disastrous sinking 7 Sakers were heavily used during the English Civil War 8 especially during sieges when they were used by both attackers and defenders of fortified towns 9 They also saw action in the Jacobite rising of 1689 and were used by the armies of both William III and James II at the Battle of the Boyne 10 A French version of the saker is the couleuvrine moyenne meaning middle sized which was often used at sea 3 Venetian merchant ships often carried sakers to defend themselves from pirates and similar cannons have been found on Spanish Armada wrecks 11 In the New World the Pilgrims removed the naval guns from the Mayflower for use in possible land engagements which they installed in the fort that they built to protect their newly founded Plimoth Plantation from French Spanish and hostile Native Americans 12 The British installed six saker cannons in Castle William on Castle Island in 1644 when the first of many rebuilds and rearming over the centuries was conducted in order to control the approaches to Boston Harbor References Edit Cannon mysite du edu Retrieved 2014 12 02 History of the Scots Greys regimental art com Retrieved 2014 12 02 a b Artillery through the ages English ordnance 1626 to 1643 Exhibitions Galleries National Army Museum London Retrieved 2014 12 02 HisEntCo Rules for historical miniature war games and items of historical interest Horner D 1999 Shipwreck A Saga of Sea Tragedy and Sunken Treasure Sherdian House p 244 ISBN 9781574090840 Retrieved 2014 12 02 Duncan I MacLeod The Artillery Garden dimacleod co uk Archived from the original on 2010 03 29 Retrieved 2014 12 02 http www eventplan co uk newarksiege htm Archived copy Archived from the original on 2008 09 19 Retrieved 2008 08 30 CS1 maint archived copy as title link SW Maritime History Meeting at Teignmouth 2nd October 1999 swmaritime org uk Retrieved 2014 12 02 Forts of St Mary s Archived from the original on 2007 03 09 Retrieved 2014 12 02 Further reading EditArtillery through the ages Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saker cannon amp oldid 1045141175, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.