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Sakthan Thampuran

Rama Varma Kunhjippilla Thampuran (1751–1805), or Rama Varma IX, popularly known as Sakthan Thampuran (Sakthan meaning powerful), was the ruler of the Kingdom of Cochin. The current southern Indian city of Kochi was part of the erstwhile princely state of Kochi. He resided at Vadakkechira Palace in Thrissur. The city of Thrissur is referred to as the Cultural Capital of Kerala owing to its many traditional festivals and historic temples. Sakthan Thampuran is considered the architect of the city of Thrissur. The festival Thrissur Pooram was started by him.

Shakthan Thampuran
Shakthan Thampuran statue in Sakthan Thampuran Nagar in Thrissur city
Maharaja of Cochin
Reign16 August 1790 – 26 September 1805
Coronation1791
PredecessorRama Varma VIII
SuccessorRama Varma X
Born26 July 1751
Vellarapally Palace, Puthiyedam, Kaladi
Died26 September 1805 (aged 54)
Vadakkechira Palace Thrissur
Burial
SpouseChummukutty Nethyar Amma
Names
Raja Rama Varma Kunhji Pillai Thampuran
Malayalamരാജാ രാമ വര്‍മ്മ
DynastyCochin royal family
FatherChennas Anujan Namboodiripad
MotherAmbika Thampuran
ReligionHinduism

Contents

Early life

Born on 26 August 1751 AD at Vellarapally Palace to Anujan Namboodiripad of the Chennamangalam Mana and Ambika Thampuratti of the Cochin Royal Family. His mother died when he was only three years old. The prince was brought up by his maternal aunt, famously known as Chittamma (meaning mother's younger sister) Thampuran. His early education took place under the tutelage of scholars such as Kallenkara Pisharody. Sakthan Thampuran was considered as the most powerful of the Kochi Maharajas as his name indicates.

Marriage

A view of the entrance of Shakthan Thampuran Palace where he was cremated.

Thampuran married twice. His first wife was a Nair lady from the reputed “Thekke Kuruppath” family of Thrissur whom he married when he was 30 years old. He is said to have had a daughter with this first wife. However, this Nethyar Amma (title of the consort of the Cochin Rajah) died soon after birth. Thereafter the Thampuran remained unmarried for a few decades, marrying again at the age of 52. The second wife of Thampuran was Chummukutty Nethyar Amma of the Karimpatta family and was a musician and dancer. She was 17 at the time of her marriage with the Thampuran. Thampuran died after 4 years of the marriage. At the time, widowed Nethyar Ammas did not receive monetary support from the state, so Chummukutty, at the age of 21, returned to her ancestral home.

Death

Tomb commemorating Ramavarma Sakthan Thamburan, king Kochi. Monument in palace Toppumkaadu (Vadakkechira Palace compound)

After his 55th birthday, Sakthan Thampuran fell ill and died on 26 September 1805, at Thrissur City. He was cremated at Vadakkechira Palace, now renamed Shakthan Thampuran Palace, Thrissur. There is a monument to him within the palace grounds. His palace in Thrissur City is preserved as a state monument. He is considered to be responsible for the development of Thrissur City and also making it the Cultural Capital of Kerala.

In 1762, ten tehsils (Kovilakathum vathukkals) and two Edavagas (semi tehsils) were formed in the Kochi Kingdom. But the previous feudal chieftains maintained their stronghold. After Thampuran ascended the throne of Kingdom of Cochin , he took over the land from the feudal chieftains and consolidated the royal power. At that time, the Vadakkunnathan Temple and Peruvanam Mahadeva Temple were controlled by the Namboodiri community, called Yogiatiripppads. The Yogiatiripppads was elected from different temples in the Thrissur District. Thampuran wrested the control of the temples and abolished the system of Yogiatiripppads. Thampuran's strict approach with criminals earned his name, Sakthan. During the British Raj, British authorities had good relations with Thampuran. He was also a personal friend of Dharma Raja of Travancore.

City of Thrissur

A bird's view of Swaraj Round which was built by Sakthan Thampuran

The modern day town of Thrissur owes its origin to Sakthan Thampuran. The reason for his love of the town was because his two wives were both born here. They belonged to the Kuruppath and Karimpatta families of Thrissur. Sakthan Thampuran transferred his capital from Thrippunithura to Thrissur to found the city. He cleared the 60-acre (24 ha) teak forests around the Vadakkunnathan Temple and developed the Thekkinkadu Maidan, which is now at the heart of the city. After clearing the forest, he built a circular concrete road now known as Swaraj Round.

Thrissur Pooram

The Thrissur Pooram or "Mother of all Poorams", as it was known, was the brainchild of Sakthan Thampuran. At the time, Arattupuzha Pooram was the largest temple festival in Kerala. Temples in and around the city of Thrissur were regular participants. Once, they were denied entry to Arattupuzha Pooram because they were late. All the late participant temples went to Sakthan Thampuran, then Maharaja of Cochin, and complained about the issue. Thampuran invited all the temples to bring their deities to Thrissur and pay obeisance to Lord Shiva, the deity of the Vadakkunnathan Temple. Thampuran classified the participants into two groups, the Western and the Eastern. The Western group consisted of the Thiruvambady, Kanimangalam, Laloor, Ayyanthole, and Nethilakkavu temples while the Paramekkavu, Karamukku, Chembukavu, Choorakottukavu and Panamukkamppilly temples came under the eastern group.

Shakthan Thampuran Palace

Named after Shakthan Thampuran, the palace is spread over 6 acres (2.4 ha) of Thrissur and was earlier known as Vadakkechira Kovilakam. It is one of the most historic cultural and architecturally relevant palace of the erstwhile Maharaja of Cochin, which has now been converted into a heritage museum. The palace is now a blend of traditional Kerala and Dutch architectural styles following its 1795 reconstruction.

Battle of the colourfull umbrellas (Kudamattam) during the Thrissur Pooram
Sources
Notes
  1. "SAKTHAN THAMPURAN AND THE EMERGENCE OF COCHIN AS A COMMERCIAL CENTRE"(PDF). Saritha Viswanathan. Archived from the original(PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved11 July 2013.
  2. "Kerala Celebrities". Kerala.com. Retrieved11 March 2013.
  3. "HH Maharaja Rama Varma Shakthan Thampuran, Cochin". Geni. Retrieved11 March 2013.
  4. The Chaldean Syrian Church Of The East. Mar Aprem. 1983. Retrieved11 March 2013.
  5. "Thrissur Pooram - Prologue". Thrissurpooramfestival. Retrieved2 April 2013.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSakthan Thampuran.
Regnal titles
Preceded by Maharaja of Cochin
1790–1805
Succeeded by

Sakthan Thampuran
Sakthan Thampuran Article Talk Language Watch Edit Rama Varma Kunhjippilla Thampuran 1751 1805 or Rama Varma IX popularly known as Sakthan Thampuran Sakthan meaning powerful was the ruler of the Kingdom of Cochin The current southern Indian city of Kochi was part of the erstwhile princely state of Kochi He resided at Vadakkechira Palace in Thrissur The city of Thrissur is referred to as the Cultural Capital of Kerala owing to its many traditional festivals and historic temples Sakthan Thampuran is considered the architect of the city of Thrissur The festival Thrissur Pooram was started by him Shakthan ThampuranShakthan Thampuran statue in Sakthan Thampuran Nagar in Thrissur cityMaharaja of CochinReign16 August 1790 26 September 1805Coronation1791PredecessorRama Varma VIIISuccessorRama Varma XBorn26 July 1751 Vellarapally Palace Puthiyedam KaladiDied26 September 1805 aged 54 Vadakkechira Palace ThrissurBurialThrissurSpouseChummukutty Nethyar AmmaNamesRaja Rama Varma Kunhji Pillai ThampuranMalayalamര ജ ര മ വര മ മDynastyCochin royal familyFatherChennas Anujan NamboodiripadMotherAmbika ThampuranReligionHinduism Contents 1 Biography 1 1 Early life 1 2 Marriage 1 3 Death 2 Administration 3 Legacy 3 1 City of Thrissur 3 2 Thrissur Pooram 3 3 Shakthan Thampuran Palace 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBiography EditEarly life Edit Born on 26 August 1751 AD at Vellarapally Palace to Anujan Namboodiripad of the Chennamangalam Mana and Ambika Thampuratti of the Cochin Royal Family 1 His mother died when he was only three years old The prince was brought up by his maternal aunt famously known as Chittamma meaning mother s younger sister Thampuran His early education took place under the tutelage of scholars such as Kallenkara Pisharody Sakthan Thampuran was considered as the most powerful of the Kochi Maharajas as his name indicates 2 3 Marriage Edit A view of the entrance of Shakthan Thampuran Palace where he was cremated Thampuran married twice His first wife was a Nair lady from the reputed Thekke Kuruppath family of Thrissur whom he married when he was 30 years old He is said to have had a daughter with this first wife However this Nethyar Amma title of the consort of the Cochin Rajah died soon after birth Thereafter the Thampuran remained unmarried for a few decades marrying again at the age of 52 The second wife of Thampuran was Chummukutty Nethyar Amma of the Karimpatta family and was a musician and dancer She was 17 at the time of her marriage with the Thampuran Thampuran died after 4 years of the marriage At the time widowed Nethyar Ammas did not receive monetary support from the state so Chummukutty at the age of 21 returned to her ancestral home 2 Death Edit Tomb commemorating Ramavarma Sakthan Thamburan king Kochi Monument in palace Toppumkaadu Vadakkechira Palace compound After his 55th birthday Sakthan Thampuran fell ill and died on 26 September 1805 at Thrissur City He was cremated at Vadakkechira Palace now renamed Shakthan Thampuran Palace Thrissur There is a monument to him within the palace grounds His palace in Thrissur City is preserved as a state monument He is considered to be responsible for the development of Thrissur City and also making it the Cultural Capital of Kerala 2 Administration EditIn 1762 ten tehsils Kovilakathum vathukkals and two Edavagas semi tehsils were formed in the Kochi Kingdom But the previous feudal chieftains maintained their stronghold After Thampuran ascended the throne of Kingdom of Cochin he took over the land from the feudal chieftains and consolidated the royal power At that time the Vadakkunnathan Temple and Peruvanam Mahadeva Temple were controlled by the Namboodiri community called Yogiatiripppads The Yogiatiripppads was elected from different temples in the Thrissur District Thampuran wrested the control of the temples and abolished the system of Yogiatiripppads Thampuran s strict approach with criminals earned his name Sakthan During the British Raj British authorities had good relations with Thampuran He was also a personal friend of Dharma Raja of Travancore Legacy EditCity of Thrissur Edit A bird s view of Swaraj Round which was built by Sakthan Thampuran The modern day town of Thrissur owes its origin to Sakthan Thampuran The reason for his love of the town was because his two wives were both born here They belonged to the Kuruppath and Karimpatta families of Thrissur 4 Sakthan Thampuran transferred his capital from Thrippunithura to Thrissur to found the city He cleared the 60 acre 24 ha teak forests around the Vadakkunnathan Temple and developed the Thekkinkadu Maidan which is now at the heart of the city After clearing the forest he built a circular concrete road now known as Swaraj Round Thrissur Pooram Edit The Thrissur Pooram or Mother of all Poorams as it was known was the brainchild of Sakthan Thampuran At the time Arattupuzha Pooram was the largest temple festival in Kerala Temples in and around the city of Thrissur were regular participants Once they were denied entry to Arattupuzha Pooram because they were late All the late participant temples went to Sakthan Thampuran then Maharaja of Cochin and complained about the issue Thampuran invited all the temples to bring their deities to Thrissur and pay obeisance to Lord Shiva the deity of the Vadakkunnathan Temple Thampuran classified the participants into two groups the Western and the Eastern The Western group consisted of the Thiruvambady Kanimangalam Laloor Ayyanthole and Nethilakkavu temples while the Paramekkavu Karamukku Chembukavu Choorakottukavu and Panamukkamppilly temples came under the eastern group 5 Shakthan Thampuran Palace Edit Main article Shakthan Thampuran Palace Named after Shakthan Thampuran the palace is spread over 6 acres 2 4 ha of Thrissur and was earlier known as Vadakkechira Kovilakam It is one of the most historic cultural and architecturally relevant palace of the erstwhile Maharaja of Cochin which has now been converted into a heritage museum The palace is now a blend of traditional Kerala and Dutch architectural styles following its 1795 reconstruction Battle of the colourfull umbrellas Kudamattam during the Thrissur PooramSee also EditTimeline of Thrissur Thrissur Pooram Thrissur Kerala Perumpadapu Swaroopam Kingdom of CochinReferences EditSourcesAithihyamala by Kottarathil Sankunni Cochin State ManualNotes SAKTHAN THAMPURAN AND THE EMERGENCE OF COCHIN AS A COMMERCIAL CENTRE PDF Saritha Viswanathan Archived from the original PDF on 3 February 2015 Retrieved 11 July 2013 a b c Kerala Celebrities Kerala com Retrieved 11 March 2013 HH Maharaja Rama Varma Shakthan Thampuran Cochin Geni Retrieved 11 March 2013 The Chaldean Syrian Church Of The East Mar Aprem 1983 Retrieved 11 March 2013 Thrissur Pooram Prologue Thrissurpooramfestival Retrieved 2 April 2013 External links Edit Sakthan Thampuran s anonymous appearance triggers controversy Times of India The Times of India Retrieved 5 April 2019 Sreekumari Ramachandran 2016 Sakthan Thampuran in Malayalam Poorna Publications ISBN 9788130016580 Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sakthan Thampuran Regnal titlesPreceded byRama Varma VIII Maharaja of Cochin 1790 1805 Succeeded byRama Varma X Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sakthan Thampuran amp oldid 1042692586, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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