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Salangidae

Salangidae, the icefishes or noodlefishes, are a family of small osmeriform fish, related to the smelts. They are found in Eastern Asia, ranging from the Russian Far East in the north to Vietnam in the south, with the highest species richness in China. Some species are widespread and common, but others have relatively small ranges and are threatened. Depending on species, they inhabit coastal marine, brackish or fresh water habitats, and some are anadromous, only visiting fresh water to spawn.

Salangidae
Protosalanx hyalocranius
Salanx chinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Osmeriformes
Suborder: Osmeroidei
Family: Salangidae
Genera

Hemisalanx
Neosalangichthys
Neosalanx
Protosalanx
Salangichthys
Salanx

Contents

They are slender, have translucent or transparent bodies and almost no scales (females are entirely scale-less, while males have a few). The head is strongly depressed and has numerous teeth. The adults are believed to be neotenic, retaining some larval features. For example, the skeleton is not fully ossified, consisting largely of cartilage. They are small fish, typically around 8 cm (3.1 in) long; only a few reach 16 cm (6.3 in), and the largest species no more than 22.5 cm (8.9 in).

Icefish rapidly reach maturity, have a high fecundity and typically only live one year. Some species live in the same habitat throughout their lives, but other visit specific habitats, like rivers, estuaries or the surf zone, to lay their eggs. In at least Salangichthys microdon there are both populations that are resident and populations that are anadromous.

Icefish support important fisheries and are eaten in East Asia, often after being dried or cooked. They are also exported to southern Europe for use as a replacement for the more expensive transparent goby, a Mediterranean species used in the local cuisine.

Because of their value as food fish, there have been many attempts of introducing icefish (especially certain Neosalanx and Protosalanx) to regions in East Asia where not native. Most attempts failed, but several were successful, and in some cases the icefish rapidly multiplied and became the most common fish in their new habitat. Feeding on planktonic crustaceans and tiny fish, they have outcompeted certain native fish like Anabarilius grahami, which have become rare and threatened.

  • Sundasalanx, the Sundaland noodlefish, which formerly were included in Salangidae, but now are placed in their own family
  1. Zhongsuo, W.; F. Cuizhang; L. Guangchun (2002). "Biodiversity of Chinese Icefishes (Salangidae) and their conserving strategies". Chinese Biodiversity. 10 (4): 416–424.
  2. Arai, T.; Hayano, H.; Asami, H.; Miyazaki, N. (2003). "Coexistence of anadromous and lacustrine life histories of the shirauo, Salangichthys microdon". Fisheries Oceanography. 12 (2): 134–139. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2419.2003.00226.x.
  3. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2008). "Salangidae" in FishBase. December 2008 version.
  4. McDowell, Robert M. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 117. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
  5. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). Species of Protosalanx in FishBase. March 2019 version.
  6. Liu, Z. (2001). "Diet of the zooplanktivorous icefish Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis Zhang". Hydrobiologia. 459 (1): 51–56. doi:10.1023/A:1012578919268.
  7. Armani, A.; Castigliego, L.; Tinacci, L.; Gianfaldoni, D.; Guidi, A. (2011). "Molecular characterization of icefish, (Salangidae), using direct sequencing of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene". Food Control. 22 (6): 888–895. doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2010.11.020.
  8. Ye, S.; M. Lin; L. Li; J. Liu; L. Song; Z. Li (2015). "Abundance and spatial variability of invasive fishes related to environmental factors in a eutrophic Yunnan Plateau lake, Lake Dianchi, southwestern China". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 98 (1). doi:10.1007/s10641-014-0252-9.
  9. Kang, B.; J. Deng; Z. Wang; J. Zhang (2013). "Transplantation of Icefish (Salangidae) in China: Glory or Disaster?". Reviews in Aquaculture. 7 (1). doi:10.1111/raq.12047.
  10. Qin, J.; J. Xu; P. Xie (2007). "Diet overlap between the endemic fish Anabarilius grahami (Cyprinidae) and the exotic noodlefish Neosalanx taihuensis (Salangidae) in Lake Fuxian, China". Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 22 (3): 365–370. doi:10.1080/02705060.2007.9664165.

Data related to Salangidae at Wikispecies

Salangidae
Salangidae Language Watch Edit Salangidae the icefishes or noodlefishes are a family of small osmeriform fish related to the smelts They are found in Eastern Asia ranging from the Russian Far East in the north to Vietnam in the south with the highest species richness in China Some species are widespread and common but others have relatively small ranges and are threatened 1 Depending on species they inhabit coastal marine brackish or fresh water habitats and some are anadromous only visiting fresh water to spawn 2 SalangidaeProtosalanx hyalocraniusSalanx chinensisScientific classificationKingdom AnimaliaPhylum ChordataClass ActinopterygiiOrder OsmeriformesSuborder OsmeroideiFamily SalangidaeGeneraHemisalanx Neosalangichthys Neosalanx Protosalanx Salangichthys Salanx Contents 1 Appearance and life cycle 2 As food and introduced species 3 See also 4 ReferencesAppearance and life cycle EditThey are slender have translucent or transparent bodies and almost no scales females are entirely scale less while males have a few The head is strongly depressed and has numerous teeth The adults are believed to be neotenic retaining some larval features For example the skeleton is not fully ossified consisting largely of cartilage 3 They are small fish typically around 8 cm 3 1 in long only a few reach 16 cm 6 3 in 4 and the largest species no more than 22 5 cm 8 9 in 5 Icefish rapidly reach maturity have a high fecundity and typically only live one year 1 6 Some species live in the same habitat throughout their lives but other visit specific habitats like rivers estuaries or the surf zone to lay their eggs In at least Salangichthys microdon there are both populations that are resident and populations that are anadromous 2 As food and introduced species Edit Sushi in Japan with Salangichthys microdon Icefish support important fisheries and are eaten in East Asia often after being dried or cooked They are also exported to southern Europe for use as a replacement for the more expensive transparent goby a Mediterranean species used in the local cuisine 7 Because of their value as food fish there have been many attempts of introducing icefish especially certain Neosalanx and Protosalanx to regions in East Asia where not native Most attempts failed but several were successful and in some cases the icefish rapidly multiplied and became the most common fish in their new habitat Feeding on planktonic crustaceans and tiny fish they have outcompeted certain native fish like Anabarilius grahami which have become rare and threatened 8 9 10 See also EditSundasalanx the Sundaland noodlefish which formerly were included in Salangidae but now are placed in their own familyReferences Edit a b Zhongsuo W F Cuizhang L Guangchun 2002 Biodiversity of Chinese Icefishes Salangidae and their conserving strategies Chinese Biodiversity 10 4 416 424 a b Arai T Hayano H Asami H Miyazaki N 2003 Coexistence of anadromous and lacustrine life histories of the shirauo Salangichthys microdon Fisheries Oceanography 12 2 134 139 doi 10 1046 j 1365 2419 2003 00226 x Froese Rainer and Daniel Pauly eds 2008 Salangidae in FishBase December 2008 version McDowell Robert M 1998 Paxton J R Eschmeyer W N eds Encyclopedia of Fishes San Diego Academic Press p 117 ISBN 0 12 547665 5 Froese Rainer and Pauly Daniel eds 2019 Species of Protosalanx in FishBase March 2019 version Liu Z 2001 Diet of the zooplanktivorous icefish Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis Zhang Hydrobiologia 459 1 51 56 doi 10 1023 A 1012578919268 Armani A Castigliego L Tinacci L Gianfaldoni D Guidi A 2011 Molecular characterization of icefish Salangidae using direct sequencing of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene Food Control 22 6 888 895 doi 10 1016 j foodcont 2010 11 020 Ye S M Lin L Li J Liu L Song Z Li 2015 Abundance and spatial variability of invasive fishes related to environmental factors in a eutrophic Yunnan Plateau lake Lake Dianchi southwestern China Environmental Biology of Fishes 98 1 doi 10 1007 s10641 014 0252 9 Kang B J Deng Z Wang J Zhang 2013 Transplantation of Icefish Salangidae in China Glory or Disaster Reviews in Aquaculture 7 1 doi 10 1111 raq 12047 Qin J J Xu P Xie 2007 Diet overlap between the endemic fish Anabarilius grahami Cyprinidae and the exotic noodlefish Neosalanx taihuensis Salangidae in Lake Fuxian China Journal of Freshwater Ecology 22 3 365 370 doi 10 1080 02705060 2007 9664165 Data related to Salangidae at Wikispecies Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Salangidae amp oldid 1038188148, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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