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Salem, Illinois

This article is about the city in Illinois. For other places containing the same term, see Salem (disambiguation) and New Salem (disambiguation).

Salem is a city in and the county seat of Marion County, Illinois, United States. The population was 7,485 at the 2010 census.

Salem
Downtown Salem, July 2019
Location of Salem in Marion County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates:38°38′N88°57′W /38.633°N 88.950°W /38.633; -88.950
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyMarion
Government
• MayorNicolas Farley
Area
• Total7.11 sq mi (18.41 km2)
• Land6.96 sq mi (18.01 km2)
• Water0.15 sq mi (0.40 km2)
Population
• Total7,485
• Estimate
(2019)
6,971
• Density1,002.30/sq mi (387.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
• Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62881
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-67236
Wikimedia CommonsSalem, Illinois
WebsiteCity of Salem, Illinois

Contents

Salem is located at 38°38′N88°57′W /38.633°N 88.950°W /38.633; -88.950 (38.6282, -88.9482).

According to the 2010 census, Salem has a total area of 7.097 square miles (18.38 km2), of which 6.94 square miles (17.97 km2) (or 97.79%) is land and 0.157 square miles (0.41 km2) (or 2.21%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Salem, Illinois (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1932–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
78
(26)
85
(29)
91
(33)
100
(38)
104
(40)
105
(41)
105
(41)
100
(38)
94
(34)
82
(28)
74
(23)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 38.4
(3.6)
43.4
(6.3)
54.0
(12.2)
66.2
(19.0)
75.7
(24.3)
84.5
(29.2)
87.8
(31.0)
86.6
(30.3)
80.4
(26.9)
68.7
(20.4)
54.3
(12.4)
42.8
(6.0)
65.2
(18.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.6
(−1.3)
33.7
(0.9)
43.5
(6.4)
55.0
(12.8)
65.2
(18.4)
74.2
(23.4)
77.6
(25.3)
75.9
(24.4)
68.6
(20.3)
56.9
(13.8)
44.1
(6.7)
34.2
(1.2)
54.9
(12.7)
Average low °F (°C) 20.8
(−6.2)
24.0
(−4.4)
33.0
(0.6)
43.7
(6.5)
54.6
(12.6)
63.8
(17.7)
67.4
(19.7)
65.2
(18.4)
56.9
(13.8)
45.0
(7.2)
34.0
(1.1)
25.6
(−3.6)
44.5
(6.9)
Record low °F (°C) −23
(−31)
−23
(−31)
−8
(−22)
20
(−7)
31
(−1)
38
(3)
48
(9)
44
(7)
33
(1)
21
(−6)
2
(−17)
−20
(−29)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.07
(78)
2.56
(65)
3.73
(95)
4.69
(119)
4.99
(127)
5.08
(129)
4.07
(103)
3.80
(97)
3.54
(90)
3.44
(87)
3.99
(101)
2.93
(74)
45.89
(1,166)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.9
(9.9)
2.5
(6.4)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.6
(1.5)
2.9
(7.4)
10.2
(26)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.01 in) 9.5 8.3 9.8 10.6 11.8 10.0 8.5 8.1 7.1 8.7 9.3 9.3 111.0
Average snowy days(≥ 0.1 in) 2.4 2.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.6 7.0
Source: NOAA

Salem was formerly a sundown town. "For decades" Salem "had signs on each main road going into town, telling the blacks, that they were not allowed in town after sundown."

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,182
18801,32712.3%
18901,49312.5%
19001,64210.0%
19102,66962.5%
19203,45729.5%
19304,42027.9%
19407,31965.6%
19506,159−15.8%
19606,1650.1%
19706,1870.4%
19807,81326.3%
19907,470−4.4%
20007,9095.9%
20107,485−5.4%
2019 (est.)6,971−6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

At the 2000 census there were 7,909 people in 3,249 households, including 2,082 families, in the city. The population density was 1,296.5 people per square mile (500.6/km2). There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 569.3 per square mile (219.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.13% White, 0.72% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72%.

Of the 3,249 households, 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.3% of households were one person and 17.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

The median household income was $34,339 and the median family income was $42,070. Males had a median income of $31,811 versus $21,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,954. About 6.1% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Public schools:

  • Salem Community High School
  • Salem Elementary School
  • Selmaville Elementary School

Salem is said to be home to Miracle Whip salad dressing and three homes on the National Register of Historic Places: the Charles and Naomi Bachmann House, the Badollet House, and the William Jennings Bryan Boyhood Home. Recently Grace United Methodist Church was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered an address on May 3, 1934, dedicating a statue of William Jennings Bryan created by Borglum. This Bryan statue by Borglum originally stood in Washington, D.C. but was displaced by highway construction in 1961 moved by an Act of Congress to Salem, Illinois, Bryan's birthplace with formal Congressional approval in 1974.

  1. "Mayor & City Council | Salem, IL".
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedJuly 14, 2020.
  3. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. RetrievedMay 27, 2020.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved2011-06-07.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved2011-04-23.
  6. "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved2015-12-27.
  7. "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. RetrievedJuly 24, 2021.
  8. "Station: Salem, IL". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. RetrievedJuly 24, 2021.
  9. Loewen, James W. (2005). Sundown Towns: a hidden dimension of American racism. The New Press. pp. 12–13. ISBN 156584887X.
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. RetrievedJune 4, 2015.
  11. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved2008-01-31.
  12. "Nebraska State Historical Society". Nebraska State Historical Society. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved25 April 2018.
  13. "Charles W. Bryan". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on 2 December 2012. Retrieved24 September 2012.
  14. http://moses.law.umn.edu/darrow/documents/Address_President_Dedication_Bryan_Memorial_05_03_1934.pdf "Address of the President at the Dedication of the Bryan Memorial".
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSalem, Illinois.
Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about "Salem, Illinois".

Coordinates: 38°37′42″N88°56′54″W /38.6282°N 88.9482°W /38.6282; -88.9482

Salem, Illinois
Salem Illinois Language Watch Edit This article is about the city in Illinois For other places containing the same term see Salem disambiguation and New Salem disambiguation Salem is a city in and the county seat of Marion County Illinois United States 4 The population was 7 485 at the 2010 census SalemCityDowntown Salem July 2019Location of Salem in Marion County Illinois Location of Illinois in the United StatesCoordinates 38 38 N 88 57 W 38 633 N 88 950 W 38 633 88 950CountryUnited StatesStateIllinoisCountyMarionGovernment MayorNicolas Farley 1 Area 2 Total7 11 sq mi 18 41 km2 Land6 96 sq mi 18 01 km2 Water0 15 sq mi 0 40 km2 Population 2010 Total7 485 Estimate 2019 3 6 971 Density1 002 30 sq mi 387 00 km2 Time zoneUTC 6 CST Summer DST UTC 5 CDT ZIP Code s 62881Area code s 618FIPS code17 67236Wikimedia CommonsSalem IllinoisWebsiteCity of Salem IllinoisBirthplace of William Jennings Bryan Contents 1 Geography 1 1 Climate 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Education 5 Notable people 6 Arts and culture 7 References 8 External linksGeography EditSalem is located at 38 38 N 88 57 W 38 633 N 88 950 W 38 633 88 950 38 6282 88 9482 5 According to the 2010 census Salem has a total area of 7 097 square miles 18 38 km2 of which 6 94 square miles 17 97 km2 or 97 79 is land and 0 157 square miles 0 41 km2 or 2 21 is water 6 Climate Edit Climate data for Salem Illinois 1991 2020 normals extremes 1932 present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high F C 71 22 78 26 85 29 91 33 100 38 104 40 105 41 105 41 100 38 94 34 82 28 74 23 105 41 Average high F C 38 4 3 6 43 4 6 3 54 0 12 2 66 2 19 0 75 7 24 3 84 5 29 2 87 8 31 0 86 6 30 3 80 4 26 9 68 7 20 4 54 3 12 4 42 8 6 0 65 2 18 4 Daily mean F C 29 6 1 3 33 7 0 9 43 5 6 4 55 0 12 8 65 2 18 4 74 2 23 4 77 6 25 3 75 9 24 4 68 6 20 3 56 9 13 8 44 1 6 7 34 2 1 2 54 9 12 7 Average low F C 20 8 6 2 24 0 4 4 33 0 0 6 43 7 6 5 54 6 12 6 63 8 17 7 67 4 19 7 65 2 18 4 56 9 13 8 45 0 7 2 34 0 1 1 25 6 3 6 44 5 6 9 Record low F C 23 31 23 31 8 22 20 7 31 1 38 3 48 9 44 7 33 1 21 6 2 17 20 29 23 31 Average precipitation inches mm 3 07 78 2 56 65 3 73 95 4 69 119 4 99 127 5 08 129 4 07 103 3 80 97 3 54 90 3 44 87 3 99 101 2 93 74 45 89 1 166 Average snowfall inches cm 3 9 9 9 2 5 6 4 0 2 0 51 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 25 0 6 1 5 2 9 7 4 10 2 26 Average precipitation days 0 01 in 9 5 8 3 9 8 10 6 11 8 10 0 8 5 8 1 7 1 8 7 9 3 9 3 111 0Average snowy days 0 1 in 2 4 2 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 6 7 0Source NOAA 7 8 History EditSalem was formerly a sundown town For decades Salem had signs on each main road going into town telling the blacks that they were not allowed in town after sundown 9 Demographics EditHistorical populationCensus Pop 18701 182 18801 32712 3 18901 49312 5 19001 64210 0 19102 66962 5 19203 45729 5 19304 42027 9 19407 31965 6 19506 159 15 8 19606 1650 1 19706 1870 4 19807 81326 3 19907 470 4 4 20007 9095 9 20107 485 5 4 2019 est 6 971 3 6 9 U S Decennial Census 10 At the 2000 census there were 7 909 people in 3 249 households including 2 082 families in the city The population density was 1 296 5 people per square mile 500 6 km2 There were 3 473 housing units at an average density of 569 3 per square mile 219 8 km2 The racial makeup of the city was 97 13 White 0 72 African American 0 30 Native American 1 15 Asian 0 04 Pacific Islander 0 14 from other races and 0 52 from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0 72 11 Of the 3 249 households 28 6 had children under the age of 18 living with them 48 8 were married couples living together 11 0 had a female householder with no husband present and 35 9 were non families 32 3 of households were one person and 17 2 were one person aged 65 or older The average household size was 2 32 and the average family size was 2 91 The age distribution was 23 5 under the age of 18 8 7 from 18 to 24 26 1 from 25 to 44 22 1 from 45 to 64 and 19 6 65 or older The median age was 39 years For every 100 females there were 87 6 males For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 83 9 males The median household income was 34 339 and the median family income was 42 070 Males had a median income of 31 811 versus 21 931 for females The per capita income for the city was 16 954 About 6 1 of families and 9 2 of the population were below the poverty line including 13 2 of those under age 18 and 9 2 of those age 65 or over Education EditPublic schools Salem Community High School Salem Elementary School Selmaville Elementary SchoolNotable people EditWilliam Jennings Bryan 41st US Secretary of State US congressman representing Nebraska s 1st district 3 time U S presidential candidate born in Salem 12 Charles W Bryan 20th and 23rd governor of Nebraska younger brother of William Jennings Bryan born in Salem 13 Jim Finks pro football player and executive attended high school in Salem Jim Bredar basketball player for 1950 51 Illinois team that reached NCAA basketball tournament s Final Four born in Salem Merle Harmon sports broadcaster born in Salem Bill Laswell bassist producer and record label owner Jess Marlow television journalist born in Salem Rockette Morton musician and bassist with Captain Beefheart and The Magic Band John T Scopes science teacher who defended the teaching of Evolution against William Jennings Bryan in Dayton Tennessee at the Scopes Trial Morrie Steevens pitcher for Chicago Cubs and Philadelphia Phillies born in Salem Erastus D Telford Illinois state senator and lawyerArts and culture Edit Gutzon Borglum Salem is said to be home to Miracle Whip salad dressing and three homes on the National Register of Historic Places the Charles and Naomi Bachmann House the Badollet House and the William Jennings Bryan Boyhood Home Recently Grace United Methodist Church was placed on the National Register of Historic Places President Franklin D Roosevelt delivered an address on May 3 1934 dedicating a statue of William Jennings Bryan created by Borglum This Bryan statue by Borglum originally stood in Washington D C but was displaced by highway construction in 1961 moved by an Act of Congress to Salem Illinois Bryan s birthplace with formal Congressional approval in 1974 14 References Edit Mayor amp City Council Salem IL 2019 U S Gazetteer Files United States Census Bureau Retrieved July 14 2020 a b Population and Housing Unit Estimates United States Census Bureau May 24 2020 Retrieved May 27 2020 Find a County National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011 05 31 Retrieved 2011 06 07 US Gazetteer files 2010 2000 and 1990 United States Census Bureau 2011 02 12 Retrieved 2011 04 23 G001 Geographic Identifiers 2010 Census Summary File 1 United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2020 02 13 Retrieved 2015 12 27 NowData NOAA Online Weather Data National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved July 24 2021 Station Salem IL U S Climate Normals 2020 U S Monthly Climate Normals 1991 2020 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved July 24 2021 Loewen James W 2005 Sundown Towns a hidden dimension of American racism The New Press pp 12 13 ISBN 156584887X Census of Population and Housing Census gov Retrieved June 4 2015 U S Census website United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008 01 31 Nebraska State Historical Society Nebraska State Historical Society Archived from the original on 25 September 2017 Retrieved 25 April 2018 Charles W Bryan National Governors Association Archived from the original on 2 December 2012 Retrieved 24 September 2012 http moses law umn edu darrow documents Address President Dedication Bryan Memorial 05 03 1934 pdf Address of the President at the Dedication of the Bryan Memorial External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Salem Illinois Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about Salem Illinois City of Salem Illinois Salem Chamber of Commerce Salem History Links Coordinates 38 37 42 N 88 56 54 W 38 6282 N 88 9482 W 38 6282 88 9482 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Salem Illinois amp oldid 1051307386, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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