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Salghurids

The Salghurids, also known as the Atabegs of Fars (Persian: اتابکان فارس 'Atābakān-e Fārs' or سلغُریان 'Salghoriān'), were a dynasty of Salur Turkmen origin that ruled Fars, first as vassals of the Seljuqs then for the Khwarazm Shahs in the 13th century. The Salghurids were established by Sunqur in 1148, who had profited from the rebellions during the reign of Seljuq sultan Mas'ud b. Muhammad. Later the Salghurids were able to solidify their position in southern Persia to the point of campaigning against Kurds and involving themselves in the succession of the Kirman Seljuqs, holding Seljuq sultan Malik-Shah III's son Mahmud as a possible claimant to the Seljuq throne. They captured Isfahan in 1203-4, and later occupied Bahrain taken from the Uyunid dynasty in 1235.

Salghurids
سلغُریان
1148–1282
StatusAtabegate
CapitalShiraz
Common languagesPersian
Turkic
Religion
Sunni Islam
GovernmentMonarchy
Atabeg
• 1148–1161
Sunqur ibn Mawdud
• 1264–1282
Abish Khatun
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
1148
• Disestablished
1282
Preceded by
Succeeded by

Under Sa'd I b. Zangi, the Salghurids experienced a significant prosperity, which was marred by his acknowledging the Khwarazm Shahs as his overlord. Saadi Shirazi, the Persian poet, dedicated his Bostan and Gulistan to Sa'd I and Sa'd II. Following Sa'd I's death, his brother Zangi b. Mawdud took power in 1161. Dekele/Tekele followed his father, Zangi, only after eliminating Sonqur's son Toghril.

During the 13th century, the Salghurids patronized a cultural and intellectual atmosphere which included, Kadi al-Baydawi, Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi, Saadi Shirazi and the historian Wassaf.

During the closing years of Abu Bakr and Sa'd II, Fars fell under the dominion of Mongol empire and later the Ilkhanate of Hulegu. Under the Mongols, Abu Bakr was given the title of Qutlugh Khan. Later Salghurids were powerless figureheads, until the daughter of Sa'd II, Abish Khatun was given the title of Atabegate of Fars. She was the sole ruler of Fars for one year whereupon she married, Mengu Temur, eleventh son of Hulegu. Following their deaths, Fars was ruled directly by the Ilkhanate.

  • Sunqur b. Mawdud (1148–1161)
  • Zangi b. Mawdud (1161–1178)
  • Degele/Tekele b. Zangi (1178–1198)
  • Sa'd I b. Zangi (1198–1226)
  • Qutlugh Khan Abu Bakr b. Sa'd I (1226–1260)
  • Sa'd II b. Qutlugh Khan (1260–1262)
  • Muhammad Shah b. Salghur Shah b. Sa'd I (1262–1263)
  • Seljuq Shah b. Salghur Shah (1263)
  • Abish Khatun b. Sa'd II (1263)
  • Abish Khatun w/ Mengu Temur b. Hulegu (1264–1282)
  1. ERDOĞAN MERÇİL (1988–2016). "SALGURLULAR İran'ın Fars bölgesinde hüküm süren Türk-İslâm hânedanı (1148-1286).". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam (44+2 vols.) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, Centre for Islamic Studies.
  2. Salghurids, C.E. Bosworth, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. VIII, ed. C.E.Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs and G. Lecomte, (E.J.Brill, 1995), 978;"SALGHURIDS, a line of Atabegs which ruled in Pars during the second half of the 12th century and for much of the 13th one (1148-1282). They were of Turkmen origin.."
  3. C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 207.
  4. The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World, C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 5, ed. John Andrew Boyle, (Cambridge University Press, 1968), 169.
  5. Salghurids, C.E. Bosworth, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. VIII, 978.
  6. Curtis E. Larsen, Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands: The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society, (University of Chicago Press, 1984), 66.
  7. C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, 207.
  8. Salghurids, C.E. Bosworth, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. VIII, 978.
  9. Salghurids, C.E. Bosworth, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. VIII, 979.
  10. Salghurids, C.E. Bosworth, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. VIII, 979.
  11. C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, 207.

Salghurids
Salghurids Language Watch Edit The Salghurids also known as the Atabegs of Fars Persian اتابکان فارس Atabakan e Fars or سلغ ریان Salghorian were a dynasty of Salur 1 Turkmen origin 2 that ruled Fars first as vassals of the Seljuqs then for the Khwarazm Shahs in the 13th century The Salghurids were established by Sunqur in 1148 who had profited from the rebellions during the reign of Seljuq sultan Mas ud b Muhammad Later the Salghurids were able to solidify their position in southern Persia to the point of campaigning against Kurds and involving themselves in the succession of the Kirman Seljuqs 3 holding Seljuq sultan Malik Shah III s son Mahmud as a possible claimant to the Seljuq throne 4 They captured Isfahan in 1203 4 5 and later occupied Bahrain taken from the Uyunid dynasty in 1235 6 Salghuridsسلغ ریان1148 1282StatusAtabegateCapitalShirazCommon languagesPersian TurkicReligionSunni IslamGovernmentMonarchyAtabeg 1148 1161Sunqur ibn Mawdud 1264 1282Abish KhatunHistorical eraMiddle Ages Established1148 Disestablished1282Preceded by Succeeded bySeljuk Empire Ilkhanate Under Sa d I b Zangi the Salghurids experienced a significant prosperity which was marred by his acknowledging the Khwarazm Shahs as his overlord Saadi Shirazi the Persian poet dedicated his Bostan and Gulistan to Sa d I and Sa d II 7 Following Sa d I s death his brother Zangi b Mawdud took power in 1161 Dekele Tekele followed his father Zangi only after eliminating Sonqur s son Toghril 8 During the 13th century the Salghurids patronized a cultural and intellectual atmosphere which included Kadi al Baydawi Qutb al Din al Shirazi Saadi Shirazi and the historian Wassaf 9 During the closing years of Abu Bakr and Sa d II Fars fell under the dominion of Mongol empire and later the Ilkhanate of Hulegu Under the Mongols Abu Bakr was given the title of Qutlugh Khan Later Salghurids were powerless figureheads until the daughter of Sa d II Abish Khatun was given the title of Atabegate of Fars She was the sole ruler of Fars for one year whereupon she married Mengu Temur eleventh son of Hulegu 10 Following their deaths Fars was ruled directly by the Ilkhanate 11 List of Atabegs EditSunqur b Mawdud 1148 1161 Zangi b Mawdud 1161 1178 Degele Tekele b Zangi 1178 1198 Sa d I b Zangi 1198 1226 Qutlugh Khan Abu Bakr b Sa d I 1226 1260 Sa d II b Qutlugh Khan 1260 1262 Muhammad Shah b Salghur Shah b Sa d I 1262 1263 Seljuq Shah b Salghur Shah 1263 Abish Khatun b Sa d II 1263 Abish Khatun w Mengu Temur b Hulegu 1264 1282 See also EditAi Toghdi Turkic peoples Timeline of Turks 500 1300 List of Turkic dynasties and countriesReferences Edit ERDOGAN MERCIL 1988 2016 SALGURLULAR Iran in Fars bolgesinde hukum suren Turk Islam hanedani 1148 1286 TDV Encyclopedia of Islam 44 2 vols in Turkish Istanbul Turkiye Diyanet Foundation Centre for Islamic Studies Salghurids C E Bosworth The Encyclopaedia of Islam Vol VIII ed C E Bosworth E van Donzel W P Heinrichs and G Lecomte E J Brill 1995 978 SALGHURIDS a line of Atabegs which ruled in Pars during the second half of the 12th century and for much of the 13th one 1148 1282 They were of Turkmen origin C E Bosworth The New Islamic Dynasties Columbia University Press 1996 207 The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World C E Bosworth The Cambridge History of Iran Vol 5 ed John Andrew Boyle Cambridge University Press 1968 169 Salghurids C E Bosworth The Encyclopaedia of Islam Vol VIII 978 Curtis E Larsen Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society University of Chicago Press 1984 66 C E Bosworth The New Islamic Dynasties 207 Salghurids C E Bosworth The Encyclopaedia of Islam Vol VIII 978 Salghurids C E Bosworth The Encyclopaedia of Islam Vol VIII 979 Salghurids C E Bosworth The Encyclopaedia of Islam Vol VIII 979 C E Bosworth The New Islamic Dynasties 207 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Salghurids amp oldid 1039094006, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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