fbpx
Wikipedia

Satna

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: "Satna"news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR
(November 2011) ()

Satna is a major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It serves as the headquarters of Satna district. It is 6th most largest city and 8th most populous city of the state. The city is 500 km east of the state capital Bhopal. The city is distributed over a land area of 111.9 square kilometres.

Satna
Satna
Satna
Show map of Madhya Pradesh
Satna
Show map of India
Coordinates:24°36′02″N80°49′56″E /24.6005°N 80.8322°E /24.6005; 80.8322Coordinates: 24°36′02″N80°49′56″E /24.6005°N 80.8322°E /24.6005; 80.8322
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictSatna
Government
• TypeMayor–council
• BodySatna Municipal Corporation
• MayorMamta Pandey
MPGanesh Singh (BJP)
MLASiddharth Kushwaha (INC)
Area
City71 km2 (27 sq mi)
• Metro
111.9 km2 (43.2 sq mi)
Elevation
315 m (1,033 ft)
Population
(2011)
City280,222
• Rank8th (in state)
• Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
485001
Telephone code(+91)07672
Vehicle registrationMP-19
Official languageHindi
Websitesatna.nic.in
Satna - Civil Line Square

Satna has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.

Contents

From antiquity to the mutiny of 1857

At nearby Bharhut are the remains of a 2nd-century BC Buddhist stupa, first discovered in 1873 by the archaeologist Alexander Cunningham; most of the finds from this site were sent to the Indian Museum.[citation needed]

The Mahabharata associates this site with rulers of the Haihaya, Kalchuri or Chedi clans.[citation needed]

The chiefs of Rewash, descended from Baghel Rajputs (who were, in turn, descended from the Solanki), ruled over Gujrat from the tenth to the thirteenth century. Vyaghra Deo, brother of the ruler of Gujrat, is said to have made his way into northern India about the middle of the thirteenth century and obtained the fort of Marpha, 18 miles north-east of Kalinjar. of Bandhavgarh (now in the tehsil of the same name in Umaria district), which, until its conquest in 1562 by Akbar the Great, was the Baghel capital. In 1298, general prince Ulugh Khan, acting under order of his brother Sultan Alauddin Khalji, drove the last Baghel ruler of Gujrat out of his country. This is believed to have caused a considerable migration of the Baghels to Bandhavgarh.[citation needed]

From then until the 15th century, the Baghels of Bandhavgarh were engaged in extending their possessions and so they escaped the attention of the Delhi Sultans. In 1498–99, Sikandar Lodi failed in his attempt to take the fort of Bandhavgarh.

The Baghel King Ramchandra (1555–92) was a contemporary of padshah (emperor) Akbar the Great. Tansen, the great musician, was in the court of Ramchandra and from there Akbar summoned him to his Mughal court. After the death of Birdhabra, Ramchandra's son Vikramaditya acceded to the Rajput throne of Bandhogarh as a minor Raja, giving rise to civic disturbances. Akbar's generals intervened, capturing and dismantling the Bandhogarh fort in 1562. From then, the town of Rewa, along with the Sultanate of Malwa were became a part of the Great Mughal Empire.

Following the Treaty of Bassein (1802), the British made overtures of alliance to the ruler of Rewa, but the latter rejected them. In 1812, during the time of Raja Jaisingh (1809–35), a body of Pindaris raided Mirzapur from Rewa territory. As a result, Jaisingh was called upon to accede to a treaty, in which he acknowledged the protection of the British Government, and agreed to refer all disputes with neighboring chiefs to their arbitration and to allow British troops to march through, or be cantoned within, his territories.

Gupta era's Famous Bhoomra Shiv Temple in Satna District

During the mutiny of 1857, Maharaja Raghuraj Singh helped the British in quelling the uprisings in the neighboring Mandla and Jabalpur district, and in Nagod which is now a part of Satna district. For his part the king was rewarded by restoration of the Sohagpur (Shahdol) and Amarkantak parganas, which had been seized by the Marathas in the beginning of the century. Rewa was entitled as a Maharaja"His Highness" and salute of 17 guns.

Princely states

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(June 2018) ()

Baroundha state

Baroundha state belongs to "Raghuvanshi" "clan"of Rajputs the most prestigious clan amongst Rajputs according to Hindu literature(Ramayan). Baroundha was the most antiquated state of "Bundelkhand & Baghelkhand" regency, it was established in 1169, Under the ages of "Chendela Era" The Ruler of Baroundha state was Raghubar Dayal Shah received the title at Imperial Assemblage of (Raja Bahadur) ["HIS HIGHNESS"] [His Highness & 9 guns salute] It was a saluted state. On 1 January 1877. Ruled family belongs to (Raghuvanshi) division of Rajputs. The Ruler was entitled to be received at a private (Durbar) by the (His Excellency the Viceroy). The founder was Maharaja Budhraj Shah of Baroundha in 1169. Noteworthy, he was a son-in-law of Parimardi Dev who was a famous ruler of "Kalinjar" belongs to Chendela Dynasty and his daughter Chandravati married Budhraj shah in 1169. Parimardi Dev gifted the northern part of his kingdom to Budhraj Shah in 1169, and the demarcation was East-Chitrakoot Ganga Pesuni river to West-bank of Bagay river and North bank of Yamuna river in Rajapur to Majhgawan. In 1169, Budhraj Shah declared his capital was "Rasin" (Rajvasni) near modern" "Karwi" Fort of "Marpha" and Rajapur latterly famous as a birthplace of Goswami Tulsidas. Budhraj Shah was very brave, eligible and illustrious ruler. Parimardi Dev was entitled him as "Navrang Shah". Baroundha was a solitary state of Raghuvanshi Rajputs from central India. which belongs to Solar dynasty and one of the most ancient dynasty which was founded in earlier texts, including the Vedas. The Ramayan and Srimatbhagwat, Raghavanshi is a main branch of the Suryavanshi Rajput clans of India who ruled, number of kingdoms and princely states. It was a princely state and the last ruler was H.H Maharaja Ram Pratap Singh his coronation held on 1933 and he died on 1983. His son took entitled Maharaja Anand Pratap Singh Judeo he died on 2013. At present Maharaja Ragvendra Pratap Singh judeo coronation held on 2013 and his son is Yuvraj Prathu Pratap Singh judeo and Maharajkumar Punya Pratap Singh.

Nagod state

See also: Nagod

Until the 18th century, the state was known as Unchahara from the name of its original capital. The chiefs of Nagod were Parihar, Rajputs belonging traditionally to Mount Abu.

In the seventh century, Parihar Rajputs drove out the Gaharwar rulers and established themselves in the country between Mahoba and Mau. In the ninth century, they were repulsed eastwards by the Chandels, where Raja Dhara Singh seized the fort of Naro from the Teli Rajas in 1344. In 1478 Raja Bhoj obtained Unchahara, which he made the chief town. It remained so until 1720, when the capital was moved to Nagod by Raja Chainsingh. Later, the Parihars lost all their territories to the Baghels and Bundelas except the limited territory that they held before 1947.[citation needed]

Following the treaty of Bassein in 1820, Nagod was held to be a tributary to Panna and was included in the sanad granted to that state in 1807. In 1809, however, a separate sanad was granted to Lal Sheshraj Singh confirming him in his possessions.

For his loyalty during the 1857 mutiny, Chief Raghvendra Singh was rewarded by the British who granted him eleven villages, which had formerly belonged to the confiscated state of Bijeraghogarh.

Bhoomra Shiv Temple in Unchahara is an exceptional example of 5th century Indian architecture. it was made during Gupta Era.

Nagod chiefs had the title of Raja and received a 9 gun salute.

Maihar state

See also: Maihar

Maihar State was a princely state in India during the British Raj. The state had an area of 1,050 square kilometres (407 sq mi), and a population of 63,702 in 1901. The state, which included the Tons River, consists mainly of alluvial soil covering sandstone, and is fertile except in the hilly district of the south. A large area was forested, and lumber provided a small export trade.

The state was founded in 1778 by Rajput of the Kachwaha clan, who were granted land by the ruler of the nearby state of Orchha. From 1788 to 1790 Maihar State was occupied by Banda. The state became a princely state of British India in the early 19th century, and was administered as part of Bundelkhand Agency in the Central India Agency. In 1871 the eastern states of Bundelkhand Agency, including Maihar, were separated to form the new Bagelkhand Agency in Central India. In 1933 Maihar, along with ten other states in western Bagelkhand, were transferred back to the Bundelkhand Agency.

The state suffered severely from famine in 1896–1897. Maihar became a station on the East Indian Railway (now the West Central Railway) line between Satna and Jabalpur, 156 kilometres (97 mi) north of Jabalpur. Extensive ruins of shrines and other buildings surround the town. As of 1940, it had a population of 79,558 and an area of 412 square miles. In 1948 Maihar was merged into India.

Kothi state

See also: Kothi, Satna

Kothi State was a princely state of the British Raj. It belonged to the Bagelkhand Agency of Central India. Its capital was at Kothi, in modern Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. It was a relatively small Sanad state of about 438 km2 with a population of 19,112 inhabitants in 1901. The state's territory divided neighbouring Sohawal State in two parts. Kothi State was founded at an uncertain date by a Rajput ruler who expelled the former Bharr ruler of the area.

Towards the beginning of the nineteenth century, and in much the same manner as neighboring Sohawal, Kothi became a British protectorate initially subordinate to Panna State. However, a separate sanad was granted to Rais Lal Duniyapati Singh in 1810. The last ruler of Kothi signed the instrument of accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1950.

Sohawal state

Sohawal State was a princely state of the Bagelkhand Agency of the British Raj. It was a relatively small sanad state of about 552 km2 with a population of 32,216 inhabitants in 1901. Its capital was at Sohawal, a small town —2,108 inhabitants in 1901— located in modern Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.

The state was divided in two sections, separated by territory belonging to Kothi State and, on its northern side, it formed a small enclave within neighbouring Panna State.

Sohawal State was founded in the mid-sixteenth century by a ruler named Fateh Singh. It had originally been much larger, but lost significant territory within the first centuries of its existence.

Sohawal became a British protectorate, initially subordinate to Panna State, but a separate sanad was granted to Rais Aman Singh in 1809. During the 1830 - 1833 interregnum, Sohawal came under direct British administration.[2] The last ruler of Sohawal signed the instrument of accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1950.

Modern history

The Satna District is part of the region of Bagelkhand, a large part of which was ruled by the state of Rewa. A small part of Satna was ruled by feudatory chiefs, holding their states under the British Raj. Satna's name comes from the Satna River (or Sutna) which originates at Sarang Ashram (Sutikshna Ashram), situated near Sarangpur village in the Panna district. Previously, Sutna was the name of the railway station, the town being Raghurajnagar, but gradually the name of the station became associated with the city that is now Satna.

During the Ramayana Era, Lord Rama stayed in the region of Chitrakoot, half of which is in the outskirts of Satna, the other in Uttar Pradesh.[citation needed]

Once a British headquarters, the Baghelkhand Agency was established in Satna in 1872 (and abolished in 1931). Col. D.W.K. Barr prepared plans to develop Satna during the years 1882–88 and Sir Donald Robertson supervised the construction of roads and other amenities according to those plans in 1888–94.

Parasmaniya hills

Satna is located at 24°20′N80°29′E /24.34°N 80.49°E /24.34; 80.49 with an average elevation of 315 metres (1,352 feet).

Satna has humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with hot summers, a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters. Heavy rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Satna (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2011)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.9
(91.2)
36.8
(98.2)
41.1
(106.0)
45.0
(113.0)
47.6
(117.7)
47.8
(118.0)
45.0
(113.0)
39.5
(103.1)
38.3
(100.9)
38.9
(102.0)
38.2
(100.8)
32.9
(91.2)
47.8
(118.0)
Average high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
27.2
(81.0)
33.2
(91.8)
38.9
(102.0)
41.7
(107.1)
39.1
(102.4)
33.1
(91.6)
31.6
(88.9)
32.0
(89.6)
32.5
(90.5)
29.4
(84.9)
25.9
(78.6)
32.4
(90.3)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
12.1
(53.8)
16.9
(62.4)
22.4
(72.3)
27.0
(80.6)
27.9
(82.2)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.3
(75.7)
20.0
(68.0)
14.2
(57.6)
9.8
(49.6)
19.6
(67.3)
Record low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.1
(34.0)
4.4
(39.9)
12.2
(54.0)
18.3
(64.9)
19.4
(66.9)
17.8
(64.0)
20.5
(68.9)
16.7
(62.1)
10.0
(50.0)
4.8
(40.6)
0.4
(32.7)
0.4
(32.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.5
(0.69)
25.7
(1.01)
12.0
(0.47)
7.7
(0.30)
14.2
(0.56)
133.2
(5.24)
308.4
(12.14)
307.7
(12.11)
207.4
(8.17)
36.1
(1.42)
6.6
(0.26)
6.8
(0.27)
1,083.2
(42.65)
Average rainy days 1.5 1.7 1.1 0.9 1.3 6.5 13.0 12.9 8.7 2.0 0.6 0.6 50.9
Average relative humidity (%)(at 17:30 IST) 48 38 26 18 23 45 72 77 71 49 44 48 47
Source: India Meteorological Department

As of 2011 Indian Census, Satna had a total population of 280,222, of which 147,874 were males and 132,348 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 32,774. The total number of literates in Satna was 209,825, which constituted 74.9% of the population with male literacy of 79.5% and female literacy of 69.7%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Satna was 84.8%, of which male literacy rate was 90.1% and female literacy rate was 78.9%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 38,978 and 9,381 respectively. Satna had 54699 households in 2011.

As of 2001[update] India census, Satna had a population of 225,468, of which males 120,203 were males and 105,265 were females. Satna has an average literacy rate of 69.6%, of which male literacy is 76.2%, and female literacy is 62.1%. In Satna, the population in the age groups of 0 to 6 years was 33,205.

Satna is in the limestone belts of India. As a result, it contributes around 8%–9% of India's total cement production. There is an abundance of dolomite and limestone in the area and the city has ten cement factories producing and exporting cement to other parts of the country. The electrical cable company Universal Cables in Satna is among the pioneers in the country. The city of Satna is known as the commercial capital of Baghelkhand. The city is among the few most promising cities of Madhya Pradesh because of the several new industries planned by some of the reputed industrial houses in the country. The city has witnessed a sharp growth in the post-liberalization era (after 1993). Major problems faced by the city may include, inter alia: inadequate electricity, poor road conditions, and air pollution from atmospheric wastes of cement factories. Satna is known as the cement city of India.

Venkatesh Mandir

Satna district has some major religious tourism spots including Chitrakoot and Maihar. Satna district is close to an ancient city of Buddhist culture named Bharhut, whose archaeological remains are displayed in many museums in India and all over the world. Tulsi Museum at Ramvan, 16 km from the city, has many local artistic sculptures of ancient times. Gaibinath Shiva temple at Birsinghpur is a famous and old temple in the region. Madhavgarh Fort, about 7 km from Satna Railway station (Rewa Road), is another place to visit around Satna. Gidhakoot (Gidhaila) Parvat, Laxminarayan Mandir, Bada Mandir (under construction) of New Deorajnagar are also tourist sites.

Birsingpur Gaivinath Dham Satna is one of the famous Hindu spiritual and religious place.

Satna is famous for its scenic temples. One of those temples, Venktesh Mandir, is near Mukhtyarganj. It was constructed between 1876 and 1925 by the royal family of Deorajnagar. Shri Bihari Mandir, in the heart of Satna. It was built by a great devotee of God Krishna, Mahant Brindavan Das, in the 1880s. Bihari Mandir has been a cultural center of Satna for over one hundred years as it organizes a very famous Ramleela which is revered by the locals. The 116th celebration to place in 2013. Dali Baba is a very ancient place of worship in Satna. It is said to have been established in 1857 by Abdaldas Baba. A Jain temple was constructed in 1880 and another Jain temple of Lord Shantinath in Somchand-Dharsi Ghar-derasar near 1889 and Pranami Mandir in 1890. Satyanarayan Temple is more than 450 years old.[citation needed]

Roadways

Satna Smart City Buses

Bus services connect Satna with various cities of Madhya Pradesh and some cities of Uttar Pradesh. The city is well-connected by state highways and a national highway. Satna is connected to the longest National Highway: NH-7. State highway NH-75 passes from the heart of Satna and connects it to cities of Panna and Rewa, which are other important cities of northern Madhya Pradesh.

Urban Transport

Satna City Transport Services Ltd (SCTSL) operates buses in the city. The buses designated as City Bus operate on four Routes. The buses are color-coded into two colors: Orange (Intracity) and Green (Intercity) according to their routes.

Railways

Railway Line View of Satna.

Satna Junction railway station (IRCTC code STA) is a major railway station in the Western-Central railway division on the route between Jabalpur Junction and Allahabad. It is a junction and the branch goes to Rewa. It lies on the Howrah–Allahabad–Mumbai line, a train route connecting Mumbai and Howrah. A diesel Locoshed for the Western Central Railway is located in the city. Distance from Satna to Jabalpur Junction is approximate 200 kilometres and Allahabad is approximate 186 kilometres

Airways

Satna has an airport named Bharhut Airport, built in 1970. Closest major airport is in Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, which is approximately 192 kilometers from Satna. The nearest major airport to Satna in the state is Jabalpur Airport which is approximately 200 kilometres from the city. Another airport is Khajuraho airport (HJR) which is approximately 112-kilometre from city.

Indira Gandhi Girls College Satna
Government Venket HSS School of excellence Satna

Satna has a literacy rate of 63.8% according to the 2011 Census;. India's first, little known, rural university in Chitrakoot Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya was established in 1991. It is one of sixteen state government universities in Madhya Pradesh. AKS University is a private university established in 2011 in the city.

  1. "9 साल में शादी 16 में बनी मां, 35 की उम्र में बेटे के साथ दी 12वीं की परीक्षा, अब शहर की मेयर". Patrika News (in Hindi). 8 March 2019. Retrieved12 September 2020.
  2. "Satna Info"(PDF). mohua.gov.in. Retrieved23 November 2020.
  3. "Census of India: Satna". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved9 October 2019.
  4. "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India"(PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original(PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved14 April 2019.
  5. "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 23, page 70 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". dsal.uchicago.edu.
  6. "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc -Satna". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved31 August 2011.
  7. "Station: Satna Climatological Table 1981–2010"(PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 687–688. Archived from the original(PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved28 December 2020.
  8. "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)"(PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M129. Archived from the original(PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved28 December 2020.
  9. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved1 November 2008.
  10. "Cement City of India". spantechnologies.in. SPAN Technologies. Retrieved30 November 2016.
  11. "Cement Capital Of India". seac.co.in. seac. Retrieved2 August 2017.
  12. "Cement Plants in Satna". edbc.co.in. edbc. Retrieved2 August 2017.
  13. "Satna Station - Station at a Glance"(PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved10 February 2021.
  14. "Airports Authority of India:Satna". aai.aero. Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 25 February 2008. Retrieved30 November 2016.
  15. "Airports Authority of India:Jabalpur". aai.aero. Airports Authority of India. Retrieved30 November 2016.
  16. "Census MP"(PDF). Census of Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved13 August 2015.
  17. "Man who launched India's First Rural University, Nanaji Deshmukh remembered today on his Punyatithi". 27 February 2014.
  18. "Home | SUPREME COURT OF INDIA". main.sci.gov.in.
  19. "Governor House, Himachal Pradesh, India - Past Governors". himachalrajbhavan.nic.in.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSatna.

Satna
Satna Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Satna news newspapers books scholar JSTOR November 2011 Learn how and when to remove this template message Satna is a major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh It serves as the headquarters of Satna district It is 6th most largest city and 8th most populous city of the state The city is 500 km east of the state capital Bhopal The city is distributed over a land area of 111 9 square kilometres 2 SatnaCitySatnaSatnaShow map of Madhya PradeshSatnaShow map of IndiaCoordinates 24 36 02 N 80 49 56 E 24 6005 N 80 8322 E 24 6005 80 8322 Coordinates 24 36 02 N 80 49 56 E 24 6005 N 80 8322 E 24 6005 80 8322CountryIndiaStateMadhya PradeshDistrictSatnaGovernment TypeMayor council BodySatna Municipal Corporation MayorMamta Pandey 1 MPGanesh Singh BJP MLASiddharth Kushwaha INC Area 2 City71 km2 27 sq mi Metro 2 111 9 km2 43 2 sq mi Elevation315 m 1 033 ft Population 2011 3 City280 222 Rank8th in state Density3 900 km2 10 000 sq mi Time zoneUTC 5 30 IST PIN485001Telephone code 91 07672Vehicle registrationMP 19Official languageHindi 4 Websitesatna wbr nic wbr in Satna Civil Line Square Satna has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi s flagship Smart Cities Mission Contents 1 History 1 1 From antiquity to the mutiny of 1857 1 2 Princely states 1 2 1 Baroundha state 1 2 2 Nagod state 1 2 3 Maihar state 1 2 4 Kothi state 1 2 5 Sohawal state 1 3 Modern history 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Culture 7 Transport 7 1 Roadways 7 2 Railways 7 3 Airways 8 Education 9 Notable people 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksHistory EditFrom antiquity to the mutiny of 1857 Edit At nearby Bharhut are the remains of a 2nd century BC Buddhist stupa first discovered in 1873 by the archaeologist Alexander Cunningham most of the finds from this site were sent to the Indian Museum citation needed The Mahabharata associates this site with rulers of the Haihaya Kalchuri or Chedi clans citation needed The chiefs of Rewash descended from Baghel Rajputs who were in turn descended from the Solanki ruled over Gujrat from the tenth to the thirteenth century Vyaghra Deo brother of the ruler of Gujrat is said to have made his way into northern India about the middle of the thirteenth century and obtained the fort of Marpha 18 miles north east of Kalinjar of Bandhavgarh now in the tehsil of the same name in Umaria district which until its conquest in 1562 by Akbar the Great was the Baghel capital In 1298 general prince Ulugh Khan acting under order of his brother Sultan Alauddin Khalji drove the last Baghel ruler of Gujrat out of his country This is believed to have caused a considerable migration of the Baghels to Bandhavgarh citation needed From then until the 15th century the Baghels of Bandhavgarh were engaged in extending their possessions and so they escaped the attention of the Delhi Sultans In 1498 99 Sikandar Lodi failed in his attempt to take the fort of Bandhavgarh The Baghel King Ramchandra 1555 92 was a contemporary of padshah emperor Akbar the Great Tansen the great musician was in the court of Ramchandra and from there Akbar summoned him to his Mughal court After the death of Birdhabra Ramchandra s son Vikramaditya acceded to the Rajput throne of Bandhogarh as a minor Raja giving rise to civic disturbances Akbar s generals intervened capturing and dismantling the Bandhogarh fort in 1562 From then the town of Rewa along with the Sultanate of Malwa were became a part of the Great Mughal Empire Following the Treaty of Bassein 1802 the British made overtures of alliance to the ruler of Rewa but the latter rejected them In 1812 during the time of Raja Jaisingh 1809 35 a body of Pindaris raided Mirzapur from Rewa territory As a result Jaisingh was called upon to accede to a treaty in which he acknowledged the protection of the British Government and agreed to refer all disputes with neighboring chiefs to their arbitration and to allow British troops to march through or be cantoned within his territories Gupta era s Famous Bhoomra Shiv Temple in Satna District During the mutiny of 1857 Maharaja Raghuraj Singh helped the British in quelling the uprisings in the neighboring Mandla and Jabalpur district and in Nagod which is now a part of Satna district For his part the king was rewarded by restoration of the Sohagpur Shahdol and Amarkantak parganas which had been seized by the Marathas in the beginning of the century Rewa was entitled as a Maharaja His Highness and salute of 17 guns Princely states Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed June 2018 Learn how and when to remove this template message Baroundha state Edit Baroundha state belongs to Raghuvanshi clan of Rajputs the most prestigious clan amongst Rajputs according to Hindu literature Ramayan Baroundha was the most antiquated state of Bundelkhand amp Baghelkhand regency it was established in 1169 Under the ages of Chendela Era The Ruler of Baroundha state was Raghubar Dayal Shah received the title at Imperial Assemblage of Raja Bahadur HIS HIGHNESS His Highness amp 9 guns salute It was a saluted state On 1 January 1877 Ruled family belongs to Raghuvanshi division of Rajputs The Ruler was entitled to be received at a private Durbar by the His Excellency the Viceroy The founder was Maharaja Budhraj Shah of Baroundha in 1169 Noteworthy he was a son in law of Parimardi Dev who was a famous ruler of Kalinjar belongs to Chendela Dynasty and his daughter Chandravati married Budhraj shah in 1169 Parimardi Dev gifted the northern part of his kingdom to Budhraj Shah in 1169 and the demarcation was East Chitrakoot Ganga Pesuni river to West bank of Bagay river and North bank of Yamuna river in Rajapur to Majhgawan In 1169 Budhraj Shah declared his capital was Rasin Rajvasni near modern Karwi Fort of Marpha and Rajapur latterly famous as a birthplace of Goswami Tulsidas Budhraj Shah was very brave eligible and illustrious ruler Parimardi Dev was entitled him as Navrang Shah Baroundha was a solitary state of Raghuvanshi Rajputs from central India which belongs to Solar dynasty and one of the most ancient dynasty which was founded in earlier texts including the Vedas The Ramayan and Srimatbhagwat Raghavanshi is a main branch of the Suryavanshi Rajput clans of India who ruled number of kingdoms and princely states It was a princely state and the last ruler was H H Maharaja Ram Pratap Singh his coronation held on 1933 and he died on 1983 His son took entitled Maharaja Anand Pratap Singh Judeo he died on 2013 At present Maharaja Ragvendra Pratap Singh judeo coronation held on 2013 and his son is Yuvraj Prathu Pratap Singh judeo and Maharajkumar Punya Pratap Singh Nagod state Edit See also Nagod Until the 18th century the state was known as Unchahara from the name of its original capital The chiefs of Nagod were Parihar Rajputs belonging traditionally to Mount Abu In the seventh century Parihar Rajputs drove out the Gaharwar rulers and established themselves in the country between Mahoba and Mau In the ninth century they were repulsed eastwards by the Chandels where Raja Dhara Singh seized the fort of Naro from the Teli Rajas in 1344 In 1478 Raja Bhoj obtained Unchahara which he made the chief town It remained so until 1720 when the capital was moved to Nagod by Raja Chainsingh Later the Parihars lost all their territories to the Baghels and Bundelas except the limited territory that they held before 1947 citation needed Following the treaty of Bassein in 1820 Nagod was held to be a tributary to Panna and was included in the sanad granted to that state in 1807 In 1809 however a separate sanad was granted to Lal Sheshraj Singh confirming him in his possessions For his loyalty during the 1857 mutiny Chief Raghvendra Singh was rewarded by the British who granted him eleven villages which had formerly belonged to the confiscated state of Bijeraghogarh Bhoomra Shiv Temple in Unchahara is an exceptional example of 5th century Indian architecture it was made during Gupta Era Nagod chiefs had the title of Raja and received a 9 gun salute Maihar state Edit See also Maihar Maihar State was a princely state in India during the British Raj The state had an area of 1 050 square kilometres 407 sq mi and a population of 63 702 in 1901 The state which included the Tons River consists mainly of alluvial soil covering sandstone and is fertile except in the hilly district of the south A large area was forested and lumber provided a small export trade The state was founded in 1778 by Rajput of the Kachwaha clan who were granted land by the ruler of the nearby state of Orchha From 1788 to 1790 Maihar State was occupied by Banda The state became a princely state of British India in the early 19th century and was administered as part of Bundelkhand Agency in the Central India Agency In 1871 the eastern states of Bundelkhand Agency including Maihar were separated to form the new Bagelkhand Agency in Central India In 1933 Maihar along with ten other states in western Bagelkhand were transferred back to the Bundelkhand Agency The state suffered severely from famine in 1896 1897 Maihar became a station on the East Indian Railway now the West Central Railway line between Satna and Jabalpur 156 kilometres 97 mi north of Jabalpur Extensive ruins of shrines and other buildings surround the town As of 1940 it had a population of 79 558 and an area of 412 square miles In 1948 Maihar was merged into India Kothi state Edit See also Kothi Satna Kothi State was a princely state of the British Raj It belonged to the Bagelkhand Agency of Central India Its capital was at Kothi in modern Satna district of Madhya Pradesh It was a relatively small Sanad state of about 438 km2 with a population of 19 112 inhabitants in 1901 The state s territory divided neighbouring Sohawal State in two parts 5 Kothi State was founded at an uncertain date by a Rajput ruler who expelled the former Bharr ruler of the area Towards the beginning of the nineteenth century and in much the same manner as neighboring Sohawal Kothi became a British protectorate initially subordinate to Panna State However a separate sanad was granted to Rais Lal Duniyapati Singh in 1810 The last ruler of Kothi signed the instrument of accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1950 Sohawal state Edit Sohawal State was a princely state of the Bagelkhand Agency of the British Raj It was a relatively small sanad state of about 552 km2 with a population of 32 216 inhabitants in 1901 Its capital was at Sohawal a small town 2 108 inhabitants in 1901 located in modern Satna district of Madhya Pradesh The state was divided in two sections separated by territory belonging to Kothi State and on its northern side it formed a small enclave within neighbouring Panna State Sohawal State was founded in the mid sixteenth century by a ruler named Fateh Singh It had originally been much larger but lost significant territory within the first centuries of its existence Sohawal became a British protectorate initially subordinate to Panna State but a separate sanad was granted to Rais Aman Singh in 1809 During the 1830 1833 interregnum Sohawal came under direct British administration 2 The last ruler of Sohawal signed the instrument of accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1950 Chaube Jagirs five feudatory estates Modern history Edit The Satna District is part of the region of Bagelkhand a large part of which was ruled by the state of Rewa A small part of Satna was ruled by feudatory chiefs holding their states under the British Raj Satna s name comes from the Satna River or Sutna which originates at Sarang Ashram Sutikshna Ashram situated near Sarangpur village in the Panna district Previously Sutna was the name of the railway station the town being Raghurajnagar but gradually the name of the station became associated with the city that is now Satna During the Ramayana Era Lord Rama stayed in the region of Chitrakoot half of which is in the outskirts of Satna the other in Uttar Pradesh citation needed Once a British headquarters the Baghelkhand Agency was established in Satna in 1872 and abolished in 1931 Col D W K Barr prepared plans to develop Satna during the years 1882 88 and Sir Donald Robertson supervised the construction of roads and other amenities according to those plans in 1888 94 Geography Edit Parasmaniya hills Satna is located at 24 20 N 80 29 E 24 34 N 80 49 E 24 34 80 49 with an average elevation of 315 metres 1 352 feet 6 Climate EditSatna has humid subtropical climate Koppen climate classification Cwa with hot summers a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters Heavy rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September Climate data for Satna 1981 2010 extremes 1901 2011 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 32 9 91 2 36 8 98 2 41 1 106 0 45 0 113 0 47 6 117 7 47 8 118 0 45 0 113 0 39 5 103 1 38 3 100 9 38 9 102 0 38 2 100 8 32 9 91 2 47 8 118 0 Average high C F 24 0 75 2 27 2 81 0 33 2 91 8 38 9 102 0 41 7 107 1 39 1 102 4 33 1 91 6 31 6 88 9 32 0 89 6 32 5 90 5 29 4 84 9 25 9 78 6 32 4 90 3 Average low C F 9 2 48 6 12 1 53 8 16 9 62 4 22 4 72 3 27 0 80 6 27 9 82 2 25 8 78 4 25 1 77 2 24 3 75 7 20 0 68 0 14 2 57 6 9 8 49 6 19 6 67 3 Record low C F 0 6 33 1 1 1 34 0 4 4 39 9 12 2 54 0 18 3 64 9 19 4 66 9 17 8 64 0 20 5 68 9 16 7 62 1 10 0 50 0 4 8 40 6 0 4 32 7 0 4 32 7 Average rainfall mm inches 17 5 0 69 25 7 1 01 12 0 0 47 7 7 0 30 14 2 0 56 133 2 5 24 308 4 12 14 307 7 12 11 207 4 8 17 36 1 1 42 6 6 0 26 6 8 0 27 1 083 2 42 65 Average rainy days 1 5 1 7 1 1 0 9 1 3 6 5 13 0 12 9 8 7 2 0 0 6 0 6 50 9Average relative humidity at 17 30 IST 48 38 26 18 23 45 72 77 71 49 44 48 47Source India Meteorological Department 7 8 Demographics EditSee also List of cities in Madhya Pradesh As of 2011 Indian Census Satna had a total population of 280 222 of which 147 874 were males and 132 348 were females Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 32 774 The total number of literates in Satna was 209 825 which constituted 74 9 of the population with male literacy of 79 5 and female literacy of 69 7 The effective literacy rate of 7 population of Satna was 84 8 of which male literacy rate was 90 1 and female literacy rate was 78 9 The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 38 978 and 9 381 respectively Satna had 54699 households in 2011 3 As of 2001 update India census Satna had a population of 225 468 of which males 120 203 were males and 105 265 were females Satna has an average literacy rate of 69 6 of which male literacy is 76 2 and female literacy is 62 1 In Satna the population in the age groups of 0 to 6 years was 33 205 9 Economy EditSatna is in the limestone belts of India As a result it contributes around 8 9 of India s total cement production There is an abundance of dolomite and limestone in the area and the city has ten cement factories producing and exporting cement to other parts of the country The electrical cable company Universal Cables in Satna is among the pioneers in the country The city of Satna is known as the commercial capital of Baghelkhand The city is among the few most promising cities of Madhya Pradesh because of the several new industries planned by some of the reputed industrial houses in the country The city has witnessed a sharp growth in the post liberalization era after 1993 Major problems faced by the city may include inter alia inadequate electricity poor road conditions and air pollution from atmospheric wastes of cement factories Satna is known as the cement city of India 10 11 12 Culture Edit Venkatesh Mandir Satna district has some major religious tourism spots including Chitrakoot and Maihar Satna district is close to an ancient city of Buddhist culture named Bharhut whose archaeological remains are displayed in many museums in India and all over the world Tulsi Museum at Ramvan 16 km from the city has many local artistic sculptures of ancient times Gaibinath Shiva temple at Birsinghpur is a famous and old temple in the region Madhavgarh Fort about 7 km from Satna Railway station Rewa Road is another place to visit around Satna Gidhakoot Gidhaila Parvat Laxminarayan Mandir Bada Mandir under construction of New Deorajnagar are also tourist sites Birsingpur Gaivinath Dham Satna is one of the famous Hindu spiritual and religious place Satna is famous for its scenic temples One of those temples Venktesh Mandir is near Mukhtyarganj It was constructed between 1876 and 1925 by the royal family of Deorajnagar Shri Bihari Mandir in the heart of Satna It was built by a great devotee of God Krishna Mahant Brindavan Das in the 1880s Bihari Mandir has been a cultural center of Satna for over one hundred years as it organizes a very famous Ramleela which is revered by the locals The 116th celebration to place in 2013 Dali Baba is a very ancient place of worship in Satna It is said to have been established in 1857 by Abdaldas Baba A Jain temple was constructed in 1880 and another Jain temple of Lord Shantinath in Somchand Dharsi Ghar derasar near 1889 and Pranami Mandir in 1890 Satyanarayan Temple is more than 450 years old citation needed Transport EditRoadways Edit Satna Junction Satna Smart City Buses Bus services connect Satna with various cities of Madhya Pradesh and some cities of Uttar Pradesh The city is well connected by state highways and a national highway Satna is connected to the longest National Highway NH 7 State highway NH 75 passes from the heart of Satna and connects it to cities of Panna and Rewa which are other important cities of northern Madhya Pradesh Urban Transport Satna City Transport Services Ltd SCTSL operates buses in the city The buses designated as City Bus operate on four Routes The buses are color coded into two colors Orange Intracity and Green Intercity according to their routes Railways Edit Railway Line View of Satna Satna Junction 13 railway station IRCTC code STA is a major railway station in the Western Central railway division on the route between Jabalpur Junction and Allahabad It is a junction and the branch goes to Rewa It lies on the Howrah Allahabad Mumbai line a train route connecting Mumbai and Howrah A diesel Locoshed for the Western Central Railway is located in the city Distance from Satna to Jabalpur Junction is approximate 200 kilometres and Allahabad is approximate 186 kilometres Airways Edit Satna has an airport named Bharhut Airport built in 1970 14 Closest major airport is in Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh which is approximately 192 kilometers from Satna The nearest major airport to Satna in the state is Jabalpur Airport which is approximately 200 kilometres from the city 15 Another airport is Khajuraho airport HJR which is approximately 112 kilometre from city Education Edit Indira Gandhi Girls College Satna Government Venket HSS School of excellence Satna Satna has a literacy rate of 63 8 according to the 2011 Census 16 India s first little known rural university 17 in Chitrakoot Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya was established in 1991 It is one of sixteen state government universities in Madhya Pradesh AKS University is a private university established in 2011 in the city Notable people EditJ S Verma 18 former Chief Justice of India Gulsher Ahmed 19 former governor Himachal Pradesh Shivanand former speaker Vindhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Govind Narayan Singh former chief minister Madhya Pradesh Arjun Singh former chief minister Madhya Pradesh Sharat Saxena actor Raj Jain professor at Washington UniversitySee also EditSatna Lok Sabha constituency BetulReferences Edit 9 स ल म श द 16 म बन म 35 क उम र म ब ट क स थ द 12व क पर क ष अब शहर क म यर Patrika News in Hindi 8 March 2019 Retrieved 12 September 2020 a b c Satna Info PDF mohua gov in Retrieved 23 November 2020 a b Census of India Satna www censusindia gov in Retrieved 9 October 2019 52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India PDF nclm nic in Ministry of Minority Affairs Archived from the original PDF on 25 May 2017 Retrieved 14 April 2019 Imperial Gazetteer2 of India Volume 23 page 70 Imperial Gazetteer of India Digital South Asia Library dsal uchicago edu Falling Rain Genomics Inc Satna Fallingrain com Retrieved 31 August 2011 Station Satna Climatological Table 1981 2010 PDF Climatological Normals 1981 2010 India Meteorological Department January 2015 pp 687 688 Archived from the original PDF on 5 February 2020 Retrieved 28 December 2020 Extremes of Temperature amp Rainfall for Indian Stations Up to 2012 PDF India Meteorological Department December 2016 p M129 Archived from the original PDF on 5 February 2020 Retrieved 28 December 2020 Census of India 2001 Data from the 2001 Census including cities villages and towns Provisional Census Commission of India Archived from the original on 16 June 2004 Retrieved 1 November 2008 Cement City of India spantechnologies in SPAN Technologies Retrieved 30 November 2016 Cement Capital Of India seac co in seac Retrieved 2 August 2017 Cement Plants in Satna edbc co in edbc Retrieved 2 August 2017 Satna Station Station at a Glance PDF Indian Railways Retrieved 10 February 2021 Airports Authority of India Satna aai aero Airports Authority of India Archived from the original on 25 February 2008 Retrieved 30 November 2016 Airports Authority of India Jabalpur aai aero Airports Authority of India Retrieved 30 November 2016 Census MP PDF Census of Madhya Pradesh Retrieved 13 August 2015 Man who launched India s First Rural University Nanaji Deshmukh remembered today on his Punyatithi 27 February 2014 Home SUPREME COURT OF INDIA main sci gov in Governor House Himachal Pradesh India Past Governors himachalrajbhavan nic in External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Satna Official website Satna travel guide from Wikivoyage Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Satna amp oldid 1049891405, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.