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Satun Province

Satun (Thai:สตูล, pronounced ; Malay: Setul) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Trang, Phatthalung, and Songkhla. To the south it borders Perlis of Malaysia.

Satun

Contents

The name Satun is a Thai version of its original Malay name, Setul (santol, or wild mangosteen tree).

The province is on the Malay Peninsula, on the shore of the Andaman Sea. It is separated from Songkhla Province by the Nakhon Si Thammarat mountain range, and from Malaysia by the Sankalakhiri mountains.

The Ko Tarutao and Ko Phetra marine national parks are part of the province. Close to the border with Malaysia is the Thale Ban National Park, a big freshwater swamp area. The total forest area is 1,212 km2 (468 sq mi) or 40.1 percent of provincial area.

Until 1916 Satun was a small Malay state known as Kingdom of Setul Mambang Segara, closely related to Kedah Sultanate. After that date it was administered by a governor sent from Nakhon Si Thammarat. In 1897 Satun became part of Monthon Syburi (now Kedah), which in 1909 was divided between British Empire and Siam as part of Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909. While most of Kedah was ceded to Britain, Satun was awarded to Siam because it had a relatively large Thai population. Satun was then incorporated into Monthon Phuket. The monthon system was ended in 1933, and Satun Province became a first-level subdivision of Thailand.

The province was to have been the site of the Pak Bara Deep-seaport in La-ngu District.

The provincial seal shows Pra Samut (samudra/ समुद्र) Thewaa (deva/ देवा) sitting on a rock in the sea, with the sunset behind. Pra Samut Thewaa is a spirit who guards the sea. The rock is his divine vehicle. The sunset symbolizes the Andaman Sea, which lies to the west of the province.

The provincial tree is the Thai Rosewood or Pha-yungklaep (Dalbergia bariensis), and the provincial flower is the Snowy Orchid Tree (Bauhinia acuminata). The province's motto is Peaceful, clean, and pure nature.

Religion in Satun (2017)
religion percent
Islam
76.77%
Buddhism
23.02%
Other
0.21%

Like Narathiwat, Yala, and Pattani, Satun is one of the four provinces of Thailand which have a Muslim majority: 76.77 percent are Muslim and 23.02 percent are Buddhists. Most of the Muslims have some ethnic-Malay ancestry, though only 9.9 percent of the present-day population claims to be ethnically Malay, a result of the effective language shift process from Malay to Thai amongst its populace. The majority language in Satun Province is Southern Thai, while the Malay dialect used in Satun is distinctly different from Patani Malay and is much closer to the Kedah dialect of Malay.

Since Satun had belonged to the Kedah Sultanate, which had a strong relationship for many centuries with both Ayutthaya and Siam under the Chakri dynasty, its Malay Muslims commonly intermarry with Thai Buddhists without serious religious hesitation. This custom has created a distinct social group known as samsam, meaning a mixed person. Most samsams, if not all, are Muslims.

Unlike the other Muslim majority provinces in Thailand, Satun does not have a history of political confrontation with the central power in Bangkok or of tension with the Buddhist population which makes up the majority of Thailand as a country. Malay Muslims in Satun are substantially assimilated and rarely sympathise with separatism from Thailand, in contrast to the Malay Muslims in Pattani, Narathiwat, and Yala.

Map with seven districts

Provincial government

Satun is divided into seven districts (amphoe). These are further divided into 36 subdistricts (tambon) and 277 villages (muban).

No. Name Thai Malay
1 Mueang Satun เมืองสตูล Mambang (มำบัง, Mambang)
2 Khuan Don ควนโดน Dusun (ดุสน, Duson)
3 Khuan Kalong ควนกาหลง Padang Kecil (ปาดังกะจิ, Padang Kachi)
4 Tha Phae ท่าแพ Berakit (บาราเกต, Baraket)
5 La-ngu ละงู Laut
6 Thung Wa ทุ่งหว้า Sungai Upe (สุไหงอุเป, Sungai Upe)
7 Manang มะนัง ?

Originally, the province was divided into two districts, Mambang and Thung Wa, and the minor district (king amphoe) La-ngu. Due to the decline of pepper production in Thung Wa District, in 1930 the government made Thung Wa a minor district and instead declared La-ngu a district. In 1939 Mambang was renamed to Mueang Satun. Khuan Kalong was split off from Mueang district in 1969, from which in turn Tha Pae was split in 1976 and Manang in 1996. In 1973 Thung Wa regained district status. Khuan Don was established in 1975 by splitting it from Mueang district.

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Satun Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 7 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Satun has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 6 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 34 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).

According to a Satun Provincial Office spokesman, the province's tourism income rose from two to 6.3 billion baht from 2010 to 2013, while tourist arrivals increased from 690,000 to 1.13 million.

The Department of Airports announced in October 2018 that it will conduct a feasibility study of an airport in the province. Six million baht is allocated for the study, to be completed in September 2019.

Boat

Satun is connected to Malaysian Langkawi Island by direct ferry service.

Health Education Employment Income
50 44 74 24
Housing Family Transport Participation
44 25 27 34
Province Satun, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5726 is "somewhat low", occupies place 52 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.

Rank Classification
1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"
Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings
Mu Ko Phetra National Park
  • The seashore with a lighthouse and the Moon in the distance, Phante Malaka Bay, Tarutao National Park

  • Tarutao National Park

  • Tarutao National Park

  • Tarutao National Park

  • Beach at Night with Moon and Stars in Ko Lipe

  • Ko Lipe

  1. "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants](PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 238 Ngor). 2. 9 October 2020. Retrieved13 April 2021.
  2. Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data(PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.CS1 maint: postscript (link)[dead link]
  3. "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved20 June 2019.
  4. [[:File:Human achievement index 2017.pdf|Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pp. 1–40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1]]
  5. "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  6. "ข้อมูลทั่วไปจังหวัดสตูล". Satun Province. Retrieved20 March 2020.
  7. Institute of South East Asian Studies (1988). The South East Asian Review. Institute of South East Asian Studies. p. 15.
  8. Andrew D.W. Forbes (1988). The Muslims of Thailand. Soma Prakasan. p. 12. ISBN 974-9553-75-6.
  9. Yegar, M.; Schwartz, I.M. (2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lexington Books. p. 79. ISBN 9780739103562. Retrieved10 January 2021.
  10. "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved10 December 2019. 58 Satun: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 6 Subdistrict mun., 34 SAO.
  11. Wangkiat, Paritta (25 April 2015). "Satun residents stage more port protests". Bangkok Post. Retrieved26 April 2015.
  12. "Satun Airport coming?". Bangkok Post (Life, Travel). 11 October 2018. p. 4.
  13. "Thale Ban National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved8 August 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSatun Province.

Coordinates:6°37′26″N100°04′01″E /6.62389°N 100.06694°E /6.62389; 100.06694

Satun Province
Satun Province Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Satun province Satun Thai stul pronounced sa tuːn Malay Setul is one of the southern provinces changwat of Thailand Neighboring provinces are from north clockwise Trang Phatthalung and Songkhla To the south it borders Perlis of Malaysia Satun stulProvinceKo Lipe beachFlagSealMap of Thailand highlighting Satun ProvinceCountryThailandCapitalSatunGovernment GovernorEkkarat Leesen since October 2020 1 Area 2 Total2 479 km2 957 sq mi Area rankRanked 64thPopulation 2018 3 Total321 574 RankRanked 69th Density130 km2 300 sq mi Density rankRanked 36thHuman Achievement Index 4 HAI 2017 0 5726 somewhat low Ranked 52ndTime zoneUTC 7 ICT Postal code91xxxCalling code074ISO 3166 codeTH 91Websitewww wbr satun wbr go wbr th Contents 1 Toponymy 2 Geography 3 History 4 Symbols 5 Demographics 6 Administrative divisions 6 1 Provincial government 6 2 Local government 7 Economy 8 Transportation 8 1 Boat 9 Human achievement index 2017 10 National parks 11 Gallery 12 References 13 External linksToponymy EditThe name Satun is a Thai version of its original Malay name Setul santol or wild mangosteen tree Geography EditThe province is on the Malay Peninsula on the shore of the Andaman Sea It is separated from Songkhla Province by the Nakhon Si Thammarat mountain range and from Malaysia by the Sankalakhiri mountains The Ko Tarutao and Ko Phetra marine national parks are part of the province Close to the border with Malaysia is the Thale Ban National Park a big freshwater swamp area The total forest area is 1 212 km2 468 sq mi or 40 1 percent of provincial area 5 History EditUntil 1916 Satun was a small Malay state known as Kingdom of Setul Mambang Segara closely related to Kedah Sultanate After that date it was administered by a governor sent from Nakhon Si Thammarat In 1897 Satun became part of Monthon Syburi now Kedah which in 1909 was divided between British Empire and Siam as part of Anglo Siamese Treaty of 1909 While most of Kedah was ceded to Britain Satun was awarded to Siam because it had a relatively large Thai population Satun was then incorporated into Monthon Phuket The monthon system was ended in 1933 and Satun Province became a first level subdivision of Thailand The province was to have been the site of the Pak Bara Deep seaport in La ngu District Symbols EditThe provincial seal shows Pra Samut samudra सम द र Thewaa deva द व sitting on a rock in the sea with the sunset behind Pra Samut Thewaa is a spirit who guards the sea The rock is his divine vehicle The sunset symbolizes the Andaman Sea which lies to the west of the province The provincial tree is the Thai Rosewood or Pha yungklaep Dalbergia bariensis and the provincial flower is the Snowy Orchid Tree Bauhinia acuminata The province s motto is Peaceful clean and pure nature Demographics EditReligion in Satun 2017 6 religion percentIslam 76 77 Buddhism 23 02 Other 0 21 Like Narathiwat Yala and Pattani Satun is one of the four provinces of Thailand which have a Muslim majority 76 77 percent are Muslim and 23 02 percent are Buddhists 6 Most of the Muslims have some ethnic Malay ancestry though only 9 9 percent of the present day population claims to be ethnically Malay a result of the effective language shift process from Malay to Thai amongst its populace The majority language in Satun Province is Southern Thai 7 while the Malay dialect used in Satun is distinctly different from Patani Malay and is much closer to the Kedah dialect of Malay 7 Since Satun had belonged to the Kedah Sultanate which had a strong relationship for many centuries with both Ayutthaya and Siam under the Chakri dynasty its Malay Muslims commonly intermarry with Thai Buddhists without serious religious hesitation This custom has created a distinct social group known as samsam meaning a mixed person Most samsams if not all are Muslims 8 Unlike the other Muslim majority provinces in Thailand Satun does not have a history of political confrontation with the central power in Bangkok or of tension with the Buddhist population which makes up the majority of Thailand as a country 9 Malay Muslims in Satun are substantially assimilated and rarely sympathise with separatism from Thailand in contrast to the Malay Muslims in Pattani Narathiwat and Yala Administrative divisions Edit Map with seven districts Provincial government Edit Satun is divided into seven districts amphoe These are further divided into 36 subdistricts tambon and 277 villages muban No Name Thai Malay1 Mueang Satun emuxngstul Mambang mabng Mambang 2 Khuan Don khwnodn Dusun dusn Duson 3 Khuan Kalong khwnkahlng Padang Kecil padngkaci Padang Kachi 4 Tha Phae thaaeph Berakit baraekt Baraket 5 La ngu langu Laut6 Thung Wa thunghwa Sungai Upe suihngxuep Sungai Upe 7 Manang manng Originally the province was divided into two districts Mambang and Thung Wa and the minor district king amphoe La ngu Due to the decline of pepper production in Thung Wa District in 1930 the government made Thung Wa a minor district and instead declared La ngu a district In 1939 Mambang was renamed to Mueang Satun Khuan Kalong was split off from Mueang district in 1969 from which in turn Tha Pae was split in 1976 and Manang in 1996 In 1973 Thung Wa regained district status Khuan Don was established in 1975 by splitting it from Mueang district Local government Edit As of 26 November 2019 there are 10 one Satun Provincial Administration Organisation ongkan borihan suan changwat and 7 municipal thesaban areas in the province Satun has town thesaban mueang status Further 6 subdistrict municipalities thesaban tambon The non municipal areas are administered by 34 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations SAO ongkan borihan suan tambon 3 Economy EditAccording to a Satun Provincial Office spokesman the province s tourism income rose from two to 6 3 billion baht from 2010 to 2013 while tourist arrivals increased from 690 000 to 1 13 million 11 The Department of Airports announced in October 2018 that it will conduct a feasibility study of an airport in the province Six million baht is allocated for the study to be completed in September 2019 12 Transportation EditBoat Edit Satun is connected to Malaysian Langkawi Island by direct ferry service Human achievement index 2017 EditHealth Education Employment Income 50 44 74 24Housing Family Transport Participation 44 25 27 34Province Satun with an HAI 2017 value of 0 5726 is somewhat low occupies place 52 in the ranking Since 2003 United Nations Development Programme UNDP in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index HAI a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development National Economic and Social Development Board NESDB has taken over this task since 2017 4 Rank Classification 1 15 high 16 30 somewhat high 31 45 average 45 60 somewhat low 61 77 low Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings National parks EditMu Ko Phetra National Park is a marine national park in the Strait of Malacca off Thailand covering mostly intact coastal line open water and about 30 islands of the southern part of Trang Province and the northern part of Satun Province Established on 31 December 1984 it is the 49th national park and 14th marine national park of Thailand Panorama of Mu Ko Phetra National Park Mu Ko Phetra National Park Thale Ban National Park is a forested area south of the Banthat Mountains in southern Thailand in the south of Satun Province bordering Malaysia it borders Taman Negeri Perlis park The park was established on 27 October 1980 It covers an area of 196 square kilometres 76 square miles of Khuan Don and Mueang Satun districts 13 Tarutao National Park is Thailand s second marine national park on 19 April 1974 The coastal Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park had been designated in 1966 Gallery Edit The seashore with a lighthouse and the Moon in the distance Phante Malaka Bay Tarutao National Park Tarutao National Park Tarutao National Park Tarutao National Park Beach at Night with Moon and Stars in Ko Lipe Ko LipeReferences Edit prakassanknaykrthmntri eruxng aetngtngkharachkarphleruxnsamy Announcement of the Prime Minister s Office regarding the appointment of civil servants PDF Royal Thai Government Gazette 137 Special 238 Ngor 2 9 October 2020 Retrieved 13 April 2021 Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community Thailand Human Development Report 2014 table 0 Basic Data PDF Report United Nations Development Programme UNDP Thailand pp 134 135 ISBN 978 974 680 368 7 Retrieved 17 January 2016 Data has been supplied by Land Development Department Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives at Wayback Machine CS1 maint postscript link dead link a b rayngansthiticanwnprachakraelabanpracapi ph s 2561 Statistics population and house statistics for the year 2018 Registration Office Department of the Interior Ministry of the Interior in Thai 31 December 2018 Retrieved 20 June 2019 a b File Human achievement index 2017 pdf Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board NESDB pp 1 40 maps 1 9 retrieved 14 September 2019 ISBN 978 974 9769 33 1 tarangthi 2 phinthipaim aeykraycnghwd ph s 2562 Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019 Royal Forest Department in Thai 2019 Retrieved 6 April 2021 information Forest statistics Year 2019 CS1 maint postscript link a b khxmulthwipcnghwdstul Satun Province Retrieved 20 March 2020 a b Institute of South East Asian Studies 1988 The South East Asian Review Institute of South East Asian Studies p 15 Andrew D W Forbes 1988 The Muslims of Thailand Soma Prakasan p 12 ISBN 974 9553 75 6 Yegar M Schwartz I M 2002 Between Integration and Secession The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines Southern Thailand and Western Burma Myanmar Lexington Books p 79 ISBN 9780739103562 Retrieved 10 January 2021 Number of local government organizations by province dla go th Department of Local Administration DLA 26 November 2019 Retrieved 10 December 2019 58 Satun 1 PAO 1 Town mun 6 Subdistrict mun 34 SAO Wangkiat Paritta 25 April 2015 Satun residents stage more port protests Bangkok Post Retrieved 26 April 2015 Satun Airport coming Bangkok Post Life Travel 11 October 2018 p 4 Thale Ban National Park Department of National Parks DNP Thailand Archived from the original on 23 September 2015 Retrieved 8 August 2015 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Satun Province Satun travel guide from Wikivoyage Website of the province Archived 24 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Coordinates 6 37 26 N 100 04 01 E 6 62389 N 100 06694 E 6 62389 100 06694 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Satun Province amp oldid 1044744149, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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