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Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario

Sault Ste. Marie ( ) is a city at the St. Marys River in Ontario, Canada, close to the Canada–US border. It is the seat of the Algoma District and the third largest city in Northern Ontario, after Sudbury and Thunder Bay.

Sault Ste. Marie
City of Sault Ste. Marie
Soo Locks International Bridge, (North) Downtown Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
Nickname(s):
Motto(s):
"Naturally Gifted"
Sault Ste. Marie
Coordinates:46°33′32″N84°20′49″W /46.55889°N 84.34694°W /46.55889; -84.34694Coordinates: 46°33′32″N84°20′49″W /46.55889°N 84.34694°W /46.55889; -84.34694
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
DistrictAlgoma
Incorporated1888 (town)
1912 (city)
Government
• TypeCorporation
• MayorChristian Provenzano
• CouncilSault Ste. Marie City Council
MPTerry Sheehan (Liberal)
MPPRoss Romano (PC)
Area
• Land223.24 km2 (86.19 sq mi)
• Urban
53.05 km2 (20.48 sq mi)
• Metro
805.60 km2 (311.04 sq mi)
Elevation
192 m (630 ft)
Population
(2016)
City (single-tier)73,368
• Density328.6/km2 (851/sq mi)
Urban
66,313
• Urban density1,250.1/km2 (3,238/sq mi)
Metro
78,159
• Metro density97.0/km2 (251/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Saultite
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
• Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)705, and 249
Highways
Websitesaultstemarie.ca
CA rank: 46th in Canada
Municipal rank: 66th in Canada

The Ojibwe, the indigenous Anishinaabe inhabitants of the area, call this area Baawitigong, meaning "place of the rapids." They used this as a regional meeting place during whitefish season in the St. Mary's Rapids. (The anglicized form of this name, Bawating, is used in institutional and geographic names in the area.)

To the south, across the river, is the United States and the Michigan city of the same name. These two communities were one city until a new treaty after the War of 1812 established the border between Canada and the United States in this area at the St. Mary's River. In the 20th century, the two cities are joined by the International Bridge, which connects Interstate 75 on the Michigan side, and Huron Street (and former Ontario Secondary Highway 550B) on the Ontario side. Shipping traffic in the Great Lakes system bypasses the Saint Mary's Rapids via the American Soo Locks, the world's busiest canal in terms of tonnage that passes through it, while smaller recreational and tour boats use the Canadian Sault Ste. Marie Canal.

French colonists referred to the rapids on the river as Les Saults de Ste. Marie and the village name was derived from that. The rapids and cascades of the St. Mary's River descend more than 6 m (20 ft) from the level of Lake Superior to the level of the lower lakes. Hundreds of years ago, this slowed shipping traffic, requiring an overland portage of boats and cargo from one lake to the other. The entire name translates to "Saint Mary's Rapids" or "Saint Mary's Falls". The word sault is pronounced in French, and in the English pronunciation of the city name. Residents of the city are called Saultites.

Sault Ste. Marie is bordered to the east by the Rankin Reserve (of Batchewana First Nation) and Garden River First Nation reserves, and to the west by Prince Township. To the north, the city is bordered by an unincorporated portion of Algoma District, which includes the local services boards of Aweres, Batchawana Bay, Goulais and District, Peace Tree and Searchmont. The city's census agglomeration, including the townships of Laird, Prince and Macdonald, Meredith and Aberdeen Additional and the First Nations reserves of Garden River and Rankin, had a total population of 79,800 in 2011.

Native American settlements, mostly of Ojibwe-speaking peoples, existed here for more than 500 years. In the late 17th century, French Jesuit missionaries established a mission at the First Nations village. This was followed by development of a fur trading post and larger settlement, as traders, trappers and Native Americans were attracted to the community. It was considered one community and part of Canada until after the War of 1812 and settlement of the border between Canada and the US at the Ste. Mary's River. At that time, the US prohibited British traders from operating in its territory any longer, and the areas separated by the river began to develop as two communities, both named Sault Ste. Marie.

Contents

Historical affiliations

Anishinaabe 1668–1671
Kingdom of France 1671–1763
British Empire 1763–1867
Canada 1867–present

Ojibwe fishermen in the St. Marys Rapids, 1901
Sault Ste. Marie Museum in downtown Sault Ste. Marie

After the visit of Étienne Brûlé in 1623, the French called it Sault de Gaston in honour of Gaston, Duke of Orléans, the brother of King Louis XIII of France.

In 1668, French Jesuit missionaries renamed it as Sault Sainte Marie, and established a mission settlement (present-day Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan) on the river's south bank.

Later, a fur trading post was established and the settlement expanded to include both sides of the river. Sault Ste. Marie is one of the oldest French settlements in North America. It was at the crossroads of the 5,000 km (3,000 mi) fur trade route, which stretched from Montreal to Sault Ste. Marie and to the North country above Lake Superior. A cosmopolitan, mixed population of Europeans, First Nations peoples, and Métis lived at the village spanning the river.

The city name originates from Saults de Sainte-Marie, archaic French for "Saint Mary's Falls", a reference to the rapids of Saint Marys River. Etymologically, the word sault comes from an archaic spelling of saut (from sauter), which translates most accurately in this usage to the English word cataract. This in turn derives from the French word for "leap" or "jump" (similar to somersault). Citations dating back to 1600 use the sault spelling to mean a cataract, waterfall or rapids. In modern French, however, the words chutes or rapides are more usual. Sault survives almost exclusively in geographic names dating from the 17th century. (See also Long Sault, Ontario, Sault St. Louis, Quebec, and Grand Falls/Grand-Sault, New Brunswick, three other place names where "sault" also carries this meaning.)

Traders regularly interacted with tribes from around the Great Lakes, and Scots-British fur trader John Johnston, his Ojibwe wife and multi-racial were prominent among all societies here in the late eighteenth century. Their daughter, Jane Johnston Schoolcraft married Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, a US Indian agent and early ethnographer, and they had children. She has been recognized as the first Native American poet and writer in the United States.

This fluid environment changed during and after the War of 1812 between Britain and the United States. Trade dropped during the war and on July 20, 1814, an American force destroyed the North West Company depot on the north shore of the St. Marys River. Since the Americans were unable to capture Fort Mackinac, the British forces retained control of Sault Ste. Marie. As noted, after the war with a new border defined, the US closed its territory to British Canadian traders, shutting off much interaction.

Cairn commemorating the Wolseley Expedition to quell the Red River Rebellion
Turning the first sod ceremony for the construction of the Sault Ste. Marie Canal, 30 July 1890

In 1870, the United States refused to give the steamer Chicona, carrying Colonel Garnet Wolseley, permission to pass through the locks at Sault Ste Marie. In order to control their own water passage, the Canadians constructed the Sault Ste. Marie Canal, which was completed in 1895.

Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario was incorporated as a town in 1888 and a city in 1912. The town gained brief international notoriety in 1911 in the trial of Angelina Napolitano, the first person in Canada to use the battered woman defence for murder.

During World War II, and particularly after the US was attacked at Pearl Harbor in 1941, government concern turned to protection of the locks and shipping channel at Sault Ste. Marie. A substantial military presence was established to protect the locks from a possible attack by Nazi German aircraft from the north. The recent development of long-range bombers increased fears of a sudden air raid. Military strategists studied polar projection maps, which indicated that the air distance from occupied Norway to the town was about the same as the distance from Norway to New York. That direct route of about 5,000 km (3,000 mi) is over terrain where there were few observers and long winter nights.

A joint Canadian and US committee called the "Permanent Joint Board on Defence" drove the installation of anti-aircraft defence and associated units of the United States Army Air Forces and Royal Canadian Air Force to defend the locks. An anti-aircraft training facility was established 100 km (62 mi) north of Sault Ste. Marie on the shores of Lake Superior. Barrage balloons were installed, and early warning radar bases were established at five locations in northern Ontario (Kapuskasing, Cochrane, Hearst, Armstrong (Thunder Bay District), and Nakina) to watch for incoming aircraft. Military personnel were established to guard sensitive parts of the transportation infrastructure. A little over one year later, in January 1943, most of these facilities and defences were deemed excessive and removed, save a reduced military base at Sault Ste. Marie.

The first Algerine-class minesweeper in the Royal Canadian Navy was named HMCS Sault Ste. Marie (J334) after the city. It was laid down in 1942 and acted as a convoy in the Battle of the Atlantic.

On January 29, 1990, Sault Ste. Marie became a flashpoint in the Meech Lake Accord constitutional debate when council passed a resolution declaring English as the city's official language and the sole language for provision of municipal services. French speakers had already gained the use of French as an official language for government services. The city had a sizable French-speaking population and these residents objected strongly to the council's action. The Sault Ste. Marie language resolution was not the first of its kind in Ontario, but the municipality was the largest to have passed such a resolution and the first to do so despite its sizable Franco-Ontarian population.

Sault Ste. Marie has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with cold, snowy winters and warm summers that are moderated to some extent by Lake Superior. Winters are cold but are milder than some inland places. Temperatures drop below −20 °C (−4 °F) 24 days per year. Summers are warm with a July high of 24.0 °C (75.2 °F) and temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) occur 4 days per year. The average annual precipitation is 889 mm (35.0 in), which is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year; February is the driest month, and the autumn months of September to November are the wettest months. The highest temperature ever recorded in Sault Ste. Marie was 37.2 °C (99.0 °F) on 3 July 1921, while the record low was −41.1 °C (−42.0 °F) on 26 January 1927.

Climate data for Sault Ste. Marie Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1889–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 7.8 8.7 28.0 31.6 38.6 40.9 42.9 42.7 39.5 34.4 21.6 19.2 42.9
Record high °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
12.0
(53.6)
26.7
(80.1)
30.0
(86.0)
32.3
(90.1)
34.4
(93.9)
37.2
(99.0)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
27.8
(82.0)
21.7
(71.1)
15.4
(59.7)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F) −5.0
(23.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
1.2
(34.2)
9.0
(48.2)
16.4
(61.5)
21.4
(70.5)
24.2
(75.6)
23.4
(74.1)
18.9
(66.0)
11.6
(52.9)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
10.0
(50.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.9
(14.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
3.6
(38.5)
10.0
(50.0)
15.0
(59.0)
17.9
(64.2)
17.5
(63.5)
13.5
(56.3)
7.1
(44.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−5.7
(21.7)
4.7
(40.5)
Average low °C (°F) −14.8
(5.4)
−14.3
(6.3)
−9.6
(14.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.6
(38.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.6
(52.9)
11.6
(52.9)
8.0
(46.4)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.6
(27.3)
−9.6
(14.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
Record low °C (°F) −41.1
(−42.0)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−13.3
(8.1)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−41.1
(−42.0)
Record low wind chill −44.8 −42.3 −40.5 −27.8 −10.0 −4.3 0.0 0.0 −6.0 −13.9 −29.2 −42.8 −44.8
Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.5
(2.54)
43.3
(1.70)
55.6
(2.19)
65.5
(2.58)
66.1
(2.60)
73.7
(2.90)
71.9
(2.83)
83.5
(3.29)
102.1
(4.02)
102.3
(4.03)
92.1
(3.63)
77.4
(3.05)
897.7
(35.34)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.3
(0.29)
5.2
(0.20)
23.2
(0.91)
48.0
(1.89)
65.5
(2.58)
73.7
(2.90)
71.9
(2.83)
83.5
(3.29)
101.8
(4.01)
97.1
(3.82)
57.3
(2.26)
16.8
(0.66)
651.3
(25.64)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 80.2
(31.6)
52.4
(20.6)
38.3
(15.1)
17.4
(6.9)
0.6
(0.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
5.2
(2.0)
41.4
(16.3)
85.0
(33.5)
320.7
(126.3)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.2 mm) 20.3 14.9 13.6 11.7 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.6 14.2 16.9 17.5 20.1 175.8
Average rainy days(≥ 0.2 mm) 2.8 2.3 5.3 8.8 11.5 11.7 11.7 11.6 14.2 15.7 10.1 4.2 109.9
Average snowy days(≥ 0.2 cm) 19.5 14.2 10.4 4.7 0.50 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.20 2.6 11.1 18.0 81.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.8 109.9 150.3 182.2 240.2 265.8 266.3 240.9 154.7 119.1 61.8 55.8 1,919.7
Percent possible sunshine 26.0 37.9 40.8 44.8 51.7 56.3 55.7 54.8 40.9 35.1 21.8 20.8 40.6
Source: Environment Canada

The city developed considerable industry before and after World War II, especially in steel-making. Algoma (formerly Algoma Steel; Essar Steel Algoma) is the largest single employer, with 3,500 employees at the main plant and approximately 553 (440 unionized and 113 non-unionized) at an adjacent tube mill operated by Tenaris. During the 1940s, the steel and chromium operations were of substantial importance to the war effort in Canada and the United States. Algoma Steel and the Chromium Mining and Smelting Corporation were key producers for transportation and military machines.

The Huron Central Railway has been important into the 21st century to the steel operation, despite extensive railway restructuring elsewhere. Genesee and Wyoming, Inc., owner of the railway, announced its intention to discontinue operations. It continued to operate under an agreement which terminated on August 15, 2010.

ESSAR Steel Algoma Inc.
St. Mary's Paper, now closed
Sault Ste. Marie at night from the International Space Station in 2016

Sault Ste. Marie prospered during the 1960s and '70s, but as imported steel began to compete with domestic production, the local industry began to contract. Since the late 1980s, Algoma has declared bankruptcy twice and laid off large numbers of workers, adversely affecting the regional economy. Algoma was bailed out by the Ontario government with interest-free loans. The company had a swift turnaround in 2004 from its earlier financial troubles of the 1990s. China's increased demand for steel of the past decade has increased the price of steel. Denis Turcotte, CEO, was named "Canadian CEO of the year" in 2006 for his efforts. An offer to purchase ASI by the Essar Group (India) had been recommended by the ASI Board of Directors and was approved. The company was officially sold to the Essar Group in June 2007 for $1.6 billion.

Forestry is also a major local industry. St. Mary's Paper has been closed and decommissioned, although it was reopened in June 2007 and operated for a time under new ownership. Also related to wood products is ARAUCO, which employs over 110 people in the community. An adjacent melamine factory manufactures products with ARAUCO's materials. Examples are furniture and cupboards where a finish is added to the product. Together both of ARAUCO's factories employ about 150 people. The Huron Central Railway is important to these local industries as well.

The business process outsourcing industry had three call centres in the city, which together employed about 1,500 people. The largest, Sutherland Global Services, closed in 2019 and Agero closed in April 2020. Nucomm previously had a call centre here as well. The call centre industry became a major source of jobs and had contributed to the economic turnaround of the city in the late 1990s.

Another large employer in the community is the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (OLG). The OLG has a corporate office located on the waterfront. It employs a total of about 900 people in Sault Ste. Marie between the corporate office and OLG Casino Sault Ste. Marie. The prize centre used to be administered in the city but this operation was moved back to Toronto (York Mills) in 2009. The OLG is still the fourth-largest employer, after Algoma Steel, Sault Area Hospital, and the call centre industry.

Sault Ste. Marie is one of only a few cities in Ontario where a municipal bylaw prevents stores from opening on December 26, the day after Christmas, which is a Commonwealth holiday known as Boxing Day. Retail stores in Sault Ste. Marie begin their post-Christmas Boxing Day sales on December 27. A municipal referendum to determine whether voters favour allowing stores to open on Boxing Day was held concurrently with the 2010 municipal election. Voter turnout was not high enough to make the referendum legally binding, but 60.77 per cent of voters opposed allowing stores to open on the holiday.

The Sault Ste. Marie Solar Park (68 MW), co-generation plant (Brookfield Power), F. H. Clergue Hydroelectric Generating Station, nearby Prince Township Wind Farm (189 MW) and several nearby hydroelectric dams, form part of the city's push to develop alternative forms of energy and gain the title of 'Alternative Energy Capital of North America'. Two other wind farms are proposed for the area: the Goulais wind farm (25 MW) and the Bow Lake wind farm (58 MW), in partnership with the Batchewana First Nation of Ojibways to be built near Montreal River Harbour. Elementa Group has built a pilot waste-to-energy plant in Sault Ste. Marie, and the local Public Utilities Commission collects methane gas from the city's landfill.

Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario (left), Soo Locks and International Bridge (centre), and Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan (right), with St. Marys River in the background
Sault Ste. Marie Canal, with the International Bridge and rail bridge in background

Sault Ste. Marie is served by Highway 17, designated as a segment of the Trans-Canada Highway in the region. The highway connects the city to Thunder Bay to the northwest and Sudbury to the east. The International Bridge connects downtown Sault Ste. Marie to Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, becoming Interstate 75 on the American side. Interstate 75 continues south to Saginaw, Flint, and Detroit before crossing into Ohio, eventually terminating in Hialeah, Florida, near Miami.

The International Bridge also directs traffic from the American side of the border via Sault Ste. Marie's new transport route that runs from the bridge to Second Line. This new limited-access roadway, known as "Carmen's Way" after the late MP Carmen Provenzano, will make it much easier for transport trucks to reach main roads. The route of Carmen's Way has a wide grassy right-of-way on both sides of the roadway, to facilitate future expansion of its lane capacity. Planning is underway to eventually connect Second Line East to the new four-lane section of Highway 17 that recently opened east of the city.

The city plays an inherited role in marine transportation, with the locks in Michigan being an integral component of the St. Lawrence Seaway. The city operates its own small-scale lock which is used by small boats and other pleasure craft in the summer. Also recently opened is a multi-modal terminal designed to take advantage of the Sault as a rail, road, and water transportation hub.

Sault Ste. Marie is also served by Sault Ste. Marie Airport and Sault Transit Services. The city is no longer connected by passenger rail to any other major cities, but is part of the Algoma Central Railway network, which runs north from the city to the small town of Hearst. In 2006 the city's Member of Parliament, Tony Martin, called for passenger rail service to be reinstated between Sault Ste. Marie and Sudbury.

In 2018, Ontario Northland announced a major service expansion west of Sudbury, which includes multiple stops in Sault Ste. Marie. Passengers may board buses headed toward Hearst, Sudbury, or Manitoulin Island. ONTC currently has three stops in the city, with the main stop being along Trunk Road on the east end, and the other stops being at Sault College and the hospital.

Local area attractions include the Canadian Bushplane Heritage Centre, the Sault Ste. Marie Museum, the Sault Ste. Marie Canal National Historic Site, boat tours of the Sault locks (which connect Lake Superior with the lower Great Lakes), Whitefish Island, the Ermatinger-Clergue National Historic Site, Casino Sault Ste. Marie, the Art Gallery of Algoma and the Algoma Central Railway's popular Agawa Canyon Tour Train.

The MS Norgoma, a Canadian passenger ship, was a museum ship in the Great Lakes at Sault Ste. Marie. This ship is no longer docked in Sault Ste. Marie.

Nearby parks include Pancake Bay Provincial Park, Batchawana Bay Provincial Park and Lake Superior Provincial Park. Winter activities are also an asset to Sault Ste Marie's tourism industry with the annual Bon Soo Winter Carnival, Searchmont Resort as a great ski and snowboard destination, Stokely Creek Lodge (cross country ski resort) and Hiawatha a nearby cross country ski trails. The city also hosts a large snowmobile trail system that criss-crosses the province of Ontario.

A new non-motorized HUB trail is being created around the city (20 km or 12 mi) so that walkers, rollerbladers and cyclists (snowshoeing and cross country skiing in winter) can enjoy the beautiful and convenient circle tour around town. The Voyageur Hiking Trail, a long-distance trail that will eventually span from Sudbury to Thunder Bay, originated in Sault Ste. Marie in 1973. The Roberta Bondar Pavilion was created to commemorate the first Canadian female astronaut to go into space.

Sault Ste. Marie has an extensive mountain biking network and has invested in new trails in the Hiawatha area of the city. The Algoma Trail Network plans to add more trails to the existing 30–40 km (19–25 mi) network, with initial work being completed by September 2021.

In August 2021, Sail Superior ran tours of their Zodiac Hurricane boat with tours departing from the Roberta Bonda marina.

One of the major draws to the area from the months of June to October is the Agawa Canyon Tour Train. This one-day wilderness excursion travels 114 miles north of Sault Ste. Marie, alongside pristine northern lakes and rivers and through the awesome granite rock formations and vast mixed forests of the Canadian Shield, eventually ending at the Agawa Canyon. The train departs at 8am and returns to Sault Ste. Marie by 6pm. In August 2021 a new train station was opened for the tour train, the Canal district of the city.

The city is also home to the Station Mall, one of the largest shopping malls in Northern Ontario.

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1871879
1881780−11.3%
18912,414+209.5%
19017,169+197.0%
191110,984+53.2%
192121,092+92.0%
193123,082+9.4%
194125,620+11.0%
195132,452+26.7%
196143,088+32.8%
197180,332+86.4%
198182,697+2.9%
199181,476−1.5%
199680,054−1.7%
200174,566−6.9%
200674,948+0.5%
201175,141+0.3%
201673,368−2.4%
Religions in Sault Ste. Marie
Religion Percent
Catholic Christian
41%
Protestant Christians
33%
Non-affiliated
25%
Others
1%
Distribution of religions (2011 NHS)

Similar to many other Northern Ontario municipalities, Sault Ste. Marie's population has declined in the 1990s and early 2000s, with many individuals migrating to larger cities in southern Ontario. Since the early 1990s, the city had dropped from 84,000 to 74,566 residents, but in the 2006 census the city's population grew very slightly to 74,948. The city's census agglomeration, consisting of the townships of Laird, Prince and Macdonald, Meredith and Aberdeen Additional and the First Nations reserves of Garden River and Rankin, had a total population of 80,098, up from 78,908 in 2001.

Sault Ste. Marie was at one time a haven for Italian immigrants. The city has a large concentration of ethnic Italians for a community its size, mostly descending from the southern region of Calabria. The city also has a significant First Nations population, with three reserves nearby.

Those who are of European origin constitute 86.2% of the population, Aboriginals or Native Canadians, constitute 11.1%, and visible minorities make up 2.7%. Sault Ste Marie's Italian population constitutes 21.8% of the population. This is only surpassed by English (28%), French (23.8%), and Irish (21.9%).

Christianity is the chief faith in the city, with Roman Catholicism being the largest denomination. This can be attributed to the large number of citizens with a traditional French and Italian Catholic heritage. After Catholicism and Protestantism, those who identify as being non-religious make up almost one-quarter of residents.

Sault Ste. Marie Civic Centre

The Corporation of the City of Sault Ste. Marie is run by a city council of 10 councillors (representing five wards) and a mayor. The most recent municipal election was held on October 22, 2018, and the mayoralty was won by incumbent Christian Provenzano, who garnered 70.15% of the vote. Provenzano's predecessor, Debbie Amaroso, was the first woman elected to this office.

The city's crest contains the words "Ojibwa Kitche Gumeeng Odena" (from Ojibwe gichi-gamiing oodena) which means "Town by the large body of water of the Ojibwe" (or simply "Town by Lake Superior") in the Ojibwe language.

The city is served by the Sault Ste. Marie federal electoral district and the Sault Ste. Marie provincial electoral district. The boundaries of these two districts are not identical; the provincial district encompasses the city alone, while the federal district includes the neighbouring Garden River and Rankin reserves, and extends northerly to the Montreal River. The city's current federal Member of Parliament is Terry Sheehan (Liberal), and its seat in the provincial legislature is Ross Romano (Conservative).

See also Neighbourhoods in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario.

Shingwauk Hall, Algoma University
Ontario Forest Research Institute
Superior Heights Collegiate & Vocational School

The city is home to Sault College, a college of applied arts and technology, and to Algoma University. While the vast majority of programs at Algoma University and Sault College are delivered on the respective campuses, both institutions also offer joint programs with Lake Superior State University in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. On June 18, 2008, Algoma University became an independent university, ending its longtime affiliation with Laurentian University in Sudbury. A new school, Shingwauk Kinoomaage Gamig (University), is poised to launch as a federated school of Algoma University. It will offer courses in Anishinaabe culture and language.

Sault Ste. Marie is home to the Algoma District School Board and to the Huron-Superior Catholic District School Board. It is part of the Conseil scolaire de district du Grand Nord de l'Ontario and the Conseil scolaire de district catholique du Nouvel-Ontario. It is also home to the following high schools:

Sault Ste. Marie is also home to the Ontario Forest Research Institute and the federal Great Lakes Forestry Centre.

Sault Ste. Marie has over 30 elementary schools.

GFL Memorial Gardens, formerly the Steelback Centre and Essar Centre
Former Sault Memorial Gardens; the memorial tower now forms part of the new GFL Memorial Gardens.
Plaque dedicating Phil Esposito Park

The Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds are the city's most recognized sports team having existed since the formation of the Northern Ontario Hockey Association in 1919. The Hounds won national championships twice including the 1993 Memorial Cup and the 1924 Allan Cup. The Greyhounds play in the GFL Memorial Gardens, a state-of-the-art downtown arena that replaced the Sault Memorial Gardens in 2006. The current Hounds have retired five jerseys since joining the Ontario Hockey League in 1972: #1 John Vanbiesbrouck, #4 Craig Hartsburg, #10 Ron Francis, #5 Adam Foote, and #99 Wayne Gretzky.

Sault Ste. Marie also had a team in hockey's first professional league. The Sault Ste. Marie Marlboros or 'Canadian Soo' team played in the International Professional Hockey League from 1904 to 1907.

Sault Ste. Marie hockey teams have boasted a number of Hockey Hall of Fame members, including Sault natives or residents Phil Esposito, Tony Esposito, Ron Francis, and Didier Pitre, as well as Sault team members Gerry Cheevers, Paul Coffey, Bill Cook, Bun Cook, Wayne Gretzky, Newsy Lalonde, George McNamara, and Marty Walsh.

National Hockey League All-Stars Joe Thornton & Jeff Carter played their entire OHL careers as members of the Greyhounds. Current NHL players from the Sault Ste. Marie area include New Jersey Devils centre Tyler Kennedy, Buffalo Sabres centre Jordan Nolan, St.Louis Blues centre Chris Thorburn and Vegas Golden Knights defense Colin Miller

Sault Ste. Marie native Paul Maurice is the current coach of the NHL's Winnipeg Jets, and has been a head coach for parts of 16 seasons with the Hartford/Carolina franchise, Toronto Maple Leafs, and the Jets, becoming the league's youngest ever coach at the age of 28 in 1995, and taking Carolina to the Stanley Cup Finals in 2002. Notably, former Greyhound player and coach Ted Nolan coached parts of 5 seasons in the NHL with the Buffalo Sabres & the New York Islanders, winning the Jack Adams Trophy as the NHL Coach of the Year in 1998 with the Sabres.

Sault Ste. Marie was the host of the 1990 Brier, the Canadian men's curling championship. In 2010, it hosted the Scotties Tournament of Hearts, which serves as Canada's women's curling championship. At the 2013 Tim Hortons Brier held in Edmonton, Alberta, Brad Jacobs and his team from the Soo Curlers Association won the Tim Hortons Brier, and the honour of representing Canada in the 2013 Ford World Men's Curling Championship, where they won silver. The team later won the 2013 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials, earning them the right to represent Canada at the 2014 Winter Olympics, where they won gold. The local curling clubs are the Soo Curlers Association and the Tarentorus Curling Club.

Sault Ste. Marie also has a rich history in Canadian football. For nearly four decades, Sault Ste. Marie high schools have consistently won Northern Ontario honours (NOSSA) and are regular participants in provincial finals. Sault Ste. Marie has also had men's semi-pro football since 1972. The Sault Steelers are 4x National Semi-Pro champions in the Canadian Major Football League, winning the honours in 1972, 2007, 2009, and 2010. The Steelers failed to field a team in the early 1990s before returning for 4 seasons as the Sault Storm, later going back to their original name in the 2000s on their way to forming a Dynasty between 2007–2010. Notable names associated with the team are Len Monico (builder and coach), Don McBain (owner/president), Barry Rushon (championship coach), and Brandon Lewis (League MVP and 20x All-Star).

Other notable athletes from Sault Ste. Marie include Canadian Football Hall of Fame inductee Rocky Dipietro, Paralympic swimmer Jessica Tuomela, softball pitcher Darren Zack, and mixed martial artist Antonio Carvalho.

The Sault has been host to many national and international sporting events, including the 2003 Eco-Challenge North American Championship, an expedition-length (350–500 km or 220–310 mi) adventure race through unmarked wilderness by biking, trekking, paddling and using ropes.

The Sault Ste. Marie Walk of Fame marker for Francis H. Clergue

The Walk of Fame was created in 2006 as a joint project between the city of Sault Ste. Marie and its Downtown Association, and honours those from the city or the Algoma District who have made outstanding contributions to the community or significant contributions in their chosen field of work. Inductees are added on an annual basis.

Sault Ste. Marie is home to the Bon Soo winter carnival, held every February. The city also hosts the annual Algoma Fall Festival which draws local and international performing artists. The Kiwanis Community Theatre and the landmark Central United Church are used for the performances. Both venues hold approximately 1,000 people. The Art Gallery of Algoma features an extensive collection of local and international artists' work and presents regular exhibitions. Residents celebrate Community Day on the third weekend of July. The local Rotary International club organizes a three-day event called Rotaryfest.

Sault Ste. Marie was the focus of Kalle Mattson's "A Love Song to the City", whose music video premiered on USA Today.

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Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
Sault Ste Marie Ontario Language Watch Edit Sault Ste Marie ˈ s uː s eɪ n t m e ˈ r iː SOO seint ma REE is a city at the St Marys River in Ontario Canada close to the Canada US border It is the seat of the Algoma District and the third largest city in Northern Ontario after Sudbury and Thunder Bay Sault Ste MarieCity single tier City of Sault Ste MarieSoo Locks International Bridge North Downtown Sault Ste Marie OntarioNickname s The Soo 1 Motto s Naturally Gifted Sault Ste MarieCoordinates 46 33 32 N 84 20 49 W 46 55889 N 84 34694 W 46 55889 84 34694 2 Coordinates 46 33 32 N 84 20 49 W 46 55889 N 84 34694 W 46 55889 84 34694 2 CountryCanadaProvinceOntarioDistrictAlgomaIncorporated1888 town 1912 city Government TypeCorporation MayorChristian Provenzano CouncilSault Ste Marie City Council MPTerry Sheehan Liberal MPPRoss Romano PC Area 3 4 Land223 24 km2 86 19 sq mi Urban53 05 km2 20 48 sq mi Metro805 60 km2 311 04 sq mi Elevation 5 192 m 630 ft Population 2016 3 4 City single tier 73 368 Density328 6 km2 851 sq mi Urban66 313 Urban density1 250 1 km2 3 238 sq mi Metro78 159 6 Metro density97 0 km2 251 sq mi Demonym s Saultite 7 Time zoneUTC 05 00 EST Summer DST UTC 04 00 EDT Forward sortation areaP6A to P6CArea code s 705 and 249 8 HighwaysHighway 17 Highway 550 I 75Websitesaultstemarie wbr caCA rank 46th in Canada Municipal rank 66th in Canada The Ojibwe the indigenous Anishinaabe inhabitants of the area call this area Baawitigong meaning place of the rapids They used this as a regional meeting place during whitefish season in the St Mary s Rapids The anglicized form of this name Bawating is used in institutional and geographic names in the area To the south across the river is the United States and the Michigan city of the same name These two communities were one city until a new treaty after the War of 1812 established the border between Canada and the United States in this area at the St Mary s River In the 20th century the two cities are joined by the International Bridge which connects Interstate 75 on the Michigan side and Huron Street and former Ontario Secondary Highway 550B on the Ontario side Shipping traffic in the Great Lakes system bypasses the Saint Mary s Rapids via the American Soo Locks the world s busiest canal in terms of tonnage that passes through it while smaller recreational and tour boats use the Canadian Sault Ste Marie Canal French colonists referred to the rapids on the river as Les Saults de Ste Marie and the village name was derived from that The rapids and cascades of the St Mary s River descend more than 6 m 20 ft from the level of Lake Superior to the level of the lower lakes Hundreds of years ago this slowed shipping traffic requiring an overland portage of boats and cargo from one lake to the other The entire name translates to Saint Mary s Rapids or Saint Mary s Falls The word sault is pronounced so in French and s uː in the English pronunciation of the city name 9 Residents of the city are called Saultites 10 Sault Ste Marie is bordered to the east by the Rankin Reserve of Batchewana First Nation and Garden River First Nation reserves and to the west by Prince Township To the north the city is bordered by an unincorporated portion of Algoma District which includes the local services boards of Aweres Batchawana Bay Goulais and District Peace Tree and Searchmont The city s census agglomeration including the townships of Laird Prince and Macdonald Meredith and Aberdeen Additional and the First Nations reserves of Garden River and Rankin had a total population of 79 800 in 2011 Native American settlements mostly of Ojibwe speaking peoples existed here for more than 500 years In the late 17th century French Jesuit missionaries established a mission at the First Nations village This was followed by development of a fur trading post and larger settlement as traders trappers and Native Americans were attracted to the community It was considered one community and part of Canada until after the War of 1812 and settlement of the border between Canada and the US at the Ste Mary s River At that time the US prohibited British traders from operating in its territory any longer and the areas separated by the river began to develop as two communities both named Sault Ste Marie 11 Contents 1 History 2 Climate 3 Economy 4 Alternative energy 5 Transportation 6 Tourism 7 Demographics 8 Government 9 Education 10 Sports 11 Walk of Fame 12 Culture 13 Notable people 14 Media 15 Sister cities 16 References 17 External linksHistory EditHistorical affiliations Anishinaabe 1668 1671 Kingdom of France 1671 1763 British Empire 1763 1867 Canada 1867 present Ojibwe fishermen in the St Marys Rapids 1901 Sault Ste Marie Museum in downtown Sault Ste Marie After the visit of Etienne Brule in 1623 the French called it Sault de Gaston in honour of Gaston Duke of Orleans the brother of King Louis XIII of France In 1668 French Jesuit missionaries renamed it as Sault Sainte Marie and established a mission settlement present day Sault Ste Marie Michigan on the river s south bank Later a fur trading post was established and the settlement expanded to include both sides of the river Sault Ste Marie is one of the oldest French settlements in North America It was at the crossroads of the 5 000 km 3 000 mi fur trade route which stretched from Montreal to Sault Ste Marie and to the North country above Lake Superior A cosmopolitan mixed population of Europeans First Nations peoples and Metis lived at the village spanning the river 12 The city name originates from Saults de Sainte Marie archaic French for Saint Mary s Falls a reference to the rapids of Saint Marys River Etymologically the word sault comes from an archaic spelling of saut from sauter which translates most accurately in this usage to the English word cataract This in turn derives from the French word for leap or jump similar to somersault Citations dating back to 1600 use the sault spelling to mean a cataract waterfall or rapids In modern French however the words chutes or rapides are more usual Sault survives almost exclusively in geographic names dating from the 17th century See also Long Sault Ontario Sault St Louis Quebec and Grand Falls Grand Sault New Brunswick three other place names where sault also carries this meaning Traders regularly interacted with tribes from around the Great Lakes and Scots British fur trader John Johnston his Ojibwe wife and multi racial were prominent among all societies here in the late eighteenth century Their daughter Jane Johnston Schoolcraft married Henry Rowe Schoolcraft a US Indian agent and early ethnographer and they had children She has been recognized as the first Native American poet and writer in the United States This fluid environment changed during and after the War of 1812 between Britain and the United States Trade dropped during the war and on July 20 1814 an American force destroyed the North West Company depot on the north shore of the St Marys River Since the Americans were unable to capture Fort Mackinac the British forces retained control of Sault Ste Marie 13 As noted after the war with a new border defined the US closed its territory to British Canadian traders shutting off much interaction Cairn commemorating the Wolseley Expedition to quell the Red River Rebellion Turning the first sod ceremony for the construction of the Sault Ste Marie Canal 30 July 1890 In 1870 the United States refused to give the steamer Chicona carrying Colonel Garnet Wolseley permission to pass through the locks at Sault Ste Marie In order to control their own water passage the Canadians constructed the Sault Ste Marie Canal which was completed in 1895 14 Sault Ste Marie Ontario was incorporated as a town in 1888 and a city in 1912 The town gained brief international notoriety in 1911 in the trial of Angelina Napolitano the first person in Canada to use the battered woman defence for murder 15 During World War II and particularly after the US was attacked at Pearl Harbor in 1941 government concern turned to protection of the locks and shipping channel at Sault Ste Marie A substantial military presence was established to protect the locks from a possible attack by Nazi German aircraft from the north The recent development of long range bombers increased fears of a sudden air raid Military strategists studied polar projection maps which indicated that the air distance from occupied Norway to the town was about the same as the distance from Norway to New York That direct route of about 5 000 km 3 000 mi is over terrain where there were few observers and long winter nights A joint Canadian and US committee called the Permanent Joint Board on Defence drove the installation of anti aircraft defence and associated units of the United States Army Air Forces and Royal Canadian Air Force to defend the locks An anti aircraft training facility was established 100 km 62 mi north of Sault Ste Marie on the shores of Lake Superior Barrage balloons were installed and early warning radar bases were established at five locations in northern Ontario Kapuskasing Cochrane Hearst Armstrong Thunder Bay District and Nakina 16 to watch for incoming aircraft Military personnel were established to guard sensitive parts of the transportation infrastructure A little over one year later in January 1943 most of these facilities and defences were deemed excessive and removed save a reduced military base at Sault Ste Marie The first Algerine class minesweeper in the Royal Canadian Navy was named HMCS Sault Ste Marie J334 after the city It was laid down in 1942 and acted as a convoy in the Battle of the Atlantic On January 29 1990 Sault Ste Marie became a flashpoint in the Meech Lake Accord constitutional debate when council passed a resolution declaring English as the city s official language 17 and the sole language for provision of municipal services French speakers had already gained the use of French as an official language for government services 18 The city had a sizable French speaking population and these residents objected strongly to the council s action The Sault Ste Marie language resolution was not the first of its kind in Ontario but the municipality was the largest to have passed such a resolution and the first to do so despite its sizable Franco Ontarian population 19 Climate EditSault Ste Marie has a humid continental climate Koppen climate classification Dfb with cold snowy winters and warm summers that are moderated to some extent by Lake Superior Winters are cold but are milder than some inland places 5 Temperatures drop below 20 C 4 F 24 days per year Summers are warm with a July high of 24 0 C 75 2 F and temperatures above 30 C 86 F occur 4 days per year 5 The average annual precipitation is 889 mm 35 0 in which is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year February is the driest month and the autumn months of September to November are the wettest months 5 The highest temperature ever recorded in Sault Ste Marie was 37 2 C 99 0 F on 3 July 1921 20 while the record low was 41 1 C 42 0 F on 26 January 1927 21 Climate data for Sault Ste Marie Airport 1981 2010 normals extremes 1889 presentMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high humidex 7 8 8 7 28 0 31 6 38 6 40 9 42 9 42 7 39 5 34 4 21 6 19 2 42 9Record high C F 7 8 46 0 12 0 53 6 26 7 80 1 30 0 86 0 32 3 90 1 34 4 93 9 37 2 99 0 36 1 97 0 35 0 95 0 27 8 82 0 21 7 71 1 15 4 59 7 37 2 99 0 Average high C F 5 0 23 0 3 6 25 5 1 2 34 2 9 0 48 2 16 4 61 5 21 4 70 5 24 2 75 6 23 4 74 1 18 9 66 0 11 6 52 9 4 5 40 1 1 8 28 8 10 0 50 0 Daily mean C F 9 9 14 2 9 0 15 8 4 2 24 4 3 6 38 5 10 0 50 0 15 0 59 0 17 9 64 2 17 5 63 5 13 5 56 3 7 1 44 8 1 0 33 8 5 7 21 7 4 7 40 5 Average low C F 14 8 5 4 14 3 6 3 9 6 14 7 1 8 28 8 3 6 38 5 8 4 47 1 11 6 52 9 11 6 52 9 8 0 46 4 2 6 36 7 2 6 27 3 9 6 14 7 0 6 30 9 Record low C F 41 1 42 0 39 4 38 9 36 7 34 1 28 9 20 0 8 9 16 0 5 6 21 9 2 8 27 0 3 3 26 1 8 3 17 1 13 3 8 1 32 8 27 0 36 7 34 1 41 1 42 0 Record low wind chill 44 8 42 3 40 5 27 8 10 0 4 3 0 0 0 0 6 0 13 9 29 2 42 8 44 8Average precipitation mm inches 64 5 2 54 43 3 1 70 55 6 2 19 65 5 2 58 66 1 2 60 73 7 2 90 71 9 2 83 83 5 3 29 102 1 4 02 102 3 4 03 92 1 3 63 77 4 3 05 897 7 35 34 Average rainfall mm inches 7 3 0 29 5 2 0 20 23 2 0 91 48 0 1 89 65 5 2 58 73 7 2 90 71 9 2 83 83 5 3 29 101 8 4 01 97 1 3 82 57 3 2 26 16 8 0 66 651 3 25 64 Average snowfall cm inches 80 2 31 6 52 4 20 6 38 3 15 1 17 4 6 9 0 6 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 5 2 2 0 41 4 16 3 85 0 33 5 320 7 126 3 Average precipitation days 0 2 mm 20 3 14 9 13 6 11 7 11 8 11 7 11 7 11 6 14 2 16 9 17 5 20 1 175 8Average rainy days 0 2 mm 2 8 2 3 5 3 8 8 11 5 11 7 11 7 11 6 14 2 15 7 10 1 4 2 109 9Average snowy days 0 2 cm 19 5 14 2 10 4 4 7 0 50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 2 6 11 1 18 0 81 1Mean monthly sunshine hours 72 8 109 9 150 3 182 2 240 2 265 8 266 3 240 9 154 7 119 1 61 8 55 8 1 919 7Percent possible sunshine 26 0 37 9 40 8 44 8 51 7 56 3 55 7 54 8 40 9 35 1 21 8 20 8 40 6Source Environment Canada 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Economy EditThe city developed considerable industry before and after World War II especially in steel making Algoma formerly Algoma Steel Essar Steel Algoma is the largest single employer with 3 500 employees at the main plant and approximately 553 440 unionized and 113 non unionized at an adjacent tube mill operated by Tenaris During the 1940s the steel and chromium operations were of substantial importance to the war effort in Canada and the United States Algoma Steel and the Chromium Mining and Smelting Corporation were key producers for transportation and military machines The Huron Central Railway has been important into the 21st century to the steel operation despite extensive railway restructuring elsewhere Genesee and Wyoming Inc owner of the railway announced its intention to discontinue operations It continued to operate under an agreement which terminated on August 15 2010 29 ESSAR Steel Algoma Inc St Mary s Paper now closed Sault Ste Marie at night from the International Space Station in 2016 Sault Ste Marie prospered during the 1960s and 70s but as imported steel began to compete with domestic production the local industry began to contract Since the late 1980s Algoma has declared bankruptcy twice and laid off large numbers of workers adversely affecting the regional economy Algoma was bailed out by the Ontario government with interest free loans The company had a swift turnaround in 2004 from its earlier financial troubles of the 1990s China s increased demand for steel of the past decade has increased the price of steel Denis Turcotte CEO was named Canadian CEO of the year in 2006 for his efforts An offer to purchase ASI by the Essar Group India had been recommended by the ASI Board of Directors and was approved The company was officially sold to the Essar Group in June 2007 for 1 6 billion Forestry is also a major local industry St Mary s Paper has been closed and decommissioned although it was reopened in June 2007 and operated for a time under new ownership Also related to wood products is ARAUCO which employs over 110 people in the community An adjacent melamine factory manufactures products with ARAUCO s materials Examples are furniture and cupboards where a finish is added to the product Together both of ARAUCO s factories employ about 150 people The Huron Central Railway is important to these local industries as well The business process outsourcing industry had three call centres in the city which together employed about 1 500 people The largest Sutherland Global Services closed in 2019 and Agero closed in April 2020 Nucomm previously had a call centre here as well The call centre industry became a major source of jobs and had contributed to the economic turnaround of the city in the late 1990s Another large employer in the community is the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation OLG The OLG has a corporate office located on the waterfront It employs a total of about 900 people in Sault Ste Marie between the corporate office and OLG Casino Sault Ste Marie The prize centre used to be administered in the city but this operation was moved back to Toronto York Mills in 2009 The OLG is still the fourth largest employer after Algoma Steel Sault Area Hospital and the call centre industry Sault Ste Marie is one of only a few cities in Ontario where a municipal bylaw prevents stores from opening on December 26 the day after Christmas which is a Commonwealth holiday known as Boxing Day Retail stores in Sault Ste Marie begin their post Christmas Boxing Day sales on December 27 A municipal referendum to determine whether voters favour allowing stores to open on Boxing Day was held concurrently with the 2010 municipal election 30 Voter turnout was not high enough to make the referendum legally binding but 60 77 per cent of voters opposed allowing stores to open on the holiday 31 Alternative energy EditThe Sault Ste Marie Solar Park 68 MW co generation plant Brookfield Power F H Clergue Hydroelectric Generating Station nearby Prince Township Wind Farm 189 MW and several nearby hydroelectric dams form part of the city s push to develop alternative forms of energy and gain the title of Alternative Energy Capital of North America 32 Two other wind farms are proposed for the area the Goulais wind farm 25 MW 33 and the Bow Lake wind farm 58 MW in partnership with the Batchewana First Nation of Ojibways to be built near Montreal River Harbour 34 Elementa Group has built a pilot waste to energy plant in Sault Ste Marie 35 and the local Public Utilities Commission collects methane gas from the city s landfill Transportation Edit Sault Ste Marie Ontario left Soo Locks and International Bridge centre and Sault Ste Marie Michigan right with St Marys River in the background Sault Ste Marie Canal with the International Bridge and rail bridge in background Sault Ste Marie is served by Highway 17 designated as a segment of the Trans Canada Highway in the region The highway connects the city to Thunder Bay to the northwest and Sudbury to the east The International Bridge connects downtown Sault Ste Marie to Sault Ste Marie Michigan becoming Interstate 75 on the American side Interstate 75 continues south to Saginaw Flint and Detroit before crossing into Ohio eventually terminating in Hialeah Florida near Miami The International Bridge also directs traffic from the American side of the border via Sault Ste Marie s new transport route that runs from the bridge to Second Line This new limited access roadway known as Carmen s Way after the late MP Carmen Provenzano will make it much easier for transport trucks to reach main roads The route of Carmen s Way has a wide grassy right of way on both sides of the roadway to facilitate future expansion of its lane capacity Planning is underway to eventually connect Second Line East to the new four lane section of Highway 17 that recently opened east of the city The city plays an inherited role in marine transportation with the locks in Michigan being an integral component of the St Lawrence Seaway The city operates its own small scale lock which is used by small boats and other pleasure craft in the summer Also recently opened is a multi modal terminal designed to take advantage of the Sault as a rail road and water transportation hub Sault Ste Marie is also served by Sault Ste Marie Airport and Sault Transit Services 36 The city is no longer connected by passenger rail to any other major cities but is part of the Algoma Central Railway network which runs north from the city to the small town of Hearst In 2006 the city s Member of Parliament Tony Martin called for passenger rail service to be reinstated between Sault Ste Marie and Sudbury 37 In 2018 Ontario Northland announced a major service expansion west of Sudbury which includes multiple stops in Sault Ste Marie 38 Passengers may board buses headed toward Hearst Sudbury or Manitoulin Island ONTC currently has three stops in the city with the main stop being along Trunk Road on the east end and the other stops being at Sault College and the hospital Tourism EditLocal area attractions include the Canadian Bushplane Heritage Centre the Sault Ste Marie Museum the Sault Ste Marie Canal National Historic Site boat tours of the Sault locks which connect Lake Superior with the lower Great Lakes Whitefish Island the Ermatinger Clergue National Historic Site Casino Sault Ste Marie the Art Gallery of Algoma and the Algoma Central Railway s popular Agawa Canyon Tour Train The MS Norgoma a Canadian passenger ship was a museum ship in the Great Lakes at Sault Ste Marie This ship is no longer docked in Sault Ste Marie Nearby parks include Pancake Bay Provincial Park Batchawana Bay Provincial Park and Lake Superior Provincial Park Winter activities are also an asset to Sault Ste Marie s tourism industry with the annual Bon Soo Winter Carnival Searchmont Resort as a great ski and snowboard destination Stokely Creek Lodge cross country ski resort and Hiawatha a nearby cross country ski trails The city also hosts a large snowmobile trail system that criss crosses the province of Ontario A new non motorized HUB trail is being created around the city 20 km or 12 mi so that walkers rollerbladers and cyclists snowshoeing and cross country skiing in winter can enjoy the beautiful and convenient circle tour around town 39 The Voyageur Hiking Trail a long distance trail that will eventually span from Sudbury to Thunder Bay originated in Sault Ste Marie in 1973 40 The Roberta Bondar Pavilion was created to commemorate the first Canadian female astronaut to go into space Sault Ste Marie has an extensive mountain biking network and has invested in new trails in the Hiawatha area of the city The Algoma Trail Network plans to add more trails to the existing 30 40 km 19 25 mi network with initial work being completed by September 2021 41 In August 2021 Sail Superior ran tours of their Zodiac Hurricane boat with tours departing from the Roberta Bonda marina 42 One of the major draws to the area from the months of June to October is the Agawa Canyon Tour Train This one day wilderness excursion travels 114 miles north of Sault Ste Marie alongside pristine northern lakes and rivers and through the awesome granite rock formations and vast mixed forests of the Canadian Shield eventually ending at the Agawa Canyon The train departs at 8am and returns to Sault Ste Marie by 6pm In August 2021 a new train station was opened for the tour train the Canal district of the city 43 The city is also home to the Station Mall one of the largest shopping malls in Northern Ontario Demographics EditHistorical populationsYearPop 1871879 1881780 11 3 18912 414 209 5 19017 169 197 0 191110 984 53 2 192121 092 92 0 193123 082 9 4 194125 620 11 0 195132 452 26 7 196143 088 32 8 197180 332 86 4 198182 697 2 9 199181 476 1 5 199680 054 1 7 200174 566 6 9 200674 948 0 5 201175 141 0 3 201673 368 2 4 Religions in Sault Ste MarieReligion PercentCatholic Christian 41 Protestant Christians 33 Non affiliated 25 Others 1 Distribution of religions 2011 NHS Similar to many other Northern Ontario municipalities Sault Ste Marie s population has declined in the 1990s and early 2000s with many individuals migrating to larger cities in southern Ontario Since the early 1990s the city had dropped from 84 000 to 74 566 residents but in the 2006 census the city s population grew very slightly to 74 948 The city s census agglomeration consisting of the townships of Laird Prince and Macdonald Meredith and Aberdeen Additional and the First Nations reserves of Garden River and Rankin had a total population of 80 098 up from 78 908 in 2001 44 45 Sault Ste Marie was at one time a haven for Italian immigrants The city has a large concentration of ethnic Italians for a community its size mostly descending from the southern region of Calabria 46 The city also has a significant First Nations population with three reserves nearby Those who are of European origin constitute 86 2 of the population Aboriginals or Native Canadians constitute 11 1 and visible minorities make up 2 7 47 Sault Ste Marie s Italian population constitutes 21 8 of the population This is only surpassed by English 28 French 23 8 and Irish 21 9 Christianity is the chief faith in the city with Roman Catholicism being the largest denomination This can be attributed to the large number of citizens with a traditional French and Italian Catholic heritage After Catholicism and Protestantism those who identify as being non religious make up almost one quarter of residents Precious Blood Cathedral Roman Catholic Diocese of Sault Sainte Marie St Luke s Cathedral Anglican Diocese of Algoma Central United Church St Andrew s United Church St Mary s Ukrainian Catholic Church Bishop Fauquier Memorial Chapel St Mary s Cross an illuminated 37 m summit cross Beth Jacob SynagogueGovernment EditMain article Sault Ste Marie City Council Sault Ste Marie Civic Centre The Corporation of the City of Sault Ste Marie is run by a city council of 10 councillors representing five wards and a mayor The most recent municipal election was held on October 22 2018 and the mayoralty was won by incumbent Christian Provenzano who garnered 70 15 of the vote 48 Provenzano s predecessor Debbie Amaroso was the first woman elected to this office 49 The city s crest contains the words Ojibwa Kitche Gumeeng Odena from Ojibwe gichi gamiing oodena which means Town by the large body of water of the Ojibwe or simply Town by Lake Superior in the Ojibwe language The city is served by the Sault Ste Marie federal electoral district and the Sault Ste Marie provincial electoral district The boundaries of these two districts are not identical the provincial district encompasses the city alone while the federal district includes the neighbouring Garden River and Rankin reserves and extends northerly to the Montreal River The city s current federal Member of Parliament is Terry Sheehan Liberal and its seat in the provincial legislature is Ross Romano Conservative See also Neighbourhoods in Sault Ste Marie Ontario Education Edit Shingwauk Hall Algoma University Ontario Forest Research Institute Superior Heights Collegiate amp Vocational School The city is home to Sault College a college of applied arts and technology and to Algoma University While the vast majority of programs at Algoma University and Sault College are delivered on the respective campuses both institutions also offer joint programs with Lake Superior State University in Sault Ste Marie Michigan On June 18 2008 Algoma University became an independent university ending its longtime affiliation with Laurentian University in Sudbury A new school Shingwauk Kinoomaage Gamig University is poised to launch as a federated school of Algoma University It will offer courses in Anishinaabe culture and language Sault Ste Marie is home to the Algoma District School Board and to the Huron Superior Catholic District School Board It is part of the Conseil scolaire de district du Grand Nord de l Ontario and the Conseil scolaire de district catholique du Nouvel Ontario It is also home to the following high schools Korah Collegiate amp Vocational School English public offers the International Baccalaureate Programme Ecole Notre Dame du Sault French Catholic St Mary s College English with French Immersion Program Catholic offers Advanced Placement programs Superior Heights Collegiate amp Vocational School English and French Immersion public offers Advanced Placement programs White Pines Collegiate amp Vocational School English public Sault Ste Marie is also home to the Ontario Forest Research Institute and the federal Great Lakes Forestry Centre Sault Ste Marie has over 30 elementary schools Sports Edit GFL Memorial Gardens formerly the Steelback Centre and Essar Centre Former Sault Memorial Gardens the memorial tower now forms part of the new GFL Memorial Gardens Plaque dedicating Phil Esposito Park The Sault Ste Marie Greyhounds are the city s most recognized sports team having existed since the formation of the Northern Ontario Hockey Association in 1919 The Hounds won national championships twice including the 1993 Memorial Cup and the 1924 Allan Cup The Greyhounds play in the GFL Memorial Gardens a state of the art downtown arena that replaced the Sault Memorial Gardens in 2006 The current Hounds have retired five jerseys since joining the Ontario Hockey League in 1972 1 John Vanbiesbrouck 4 Craig Hartsburg 10 Ron Francis 5 Adam Foote and 99 Wayne Gretzky Sault Ste Marie also had a team in hockey s first professional league The Sault Ste Marie Marlboros or Canadian Soo team played in the International Professional Hockey League from 1904 to 1907 Sault Ste Marie hockey teams have boasted a number of Hockey Hall of Fame members including Sault natives or residents Phil Esposito Tony Esposito Ron Francis and Didier Pitre as well as Sault team members Gerry Cheevers Paul Coffey Bill Cook Bun Cook Wayne Gretzky Newsy Lalonde George McNamara and Marty Walsh National Hockey League All Stars Joe Thornton amp Jeff Carter played their entire OHL careers as members of the Greyhounds Current NHL players from the Sault Ste Marie area include New Jersey Devils centre Tyler Kennedy Buffalo Sabres centre Jordan Nolan St Louis Blues centre Chris Thorburn and Vegas Golden Knights defense Colin Miller Sault Ste Marie native Paul Maurice is the current coach of the NHL s Winnipeg Jets and has been a head coach for parts of 16 seasons with the Hartford Carolina franchise Toronto Maple Leafs and the Jets becoming the league s youngest ever coach at the age of 28 in 1995 and taking Carolina to the Stanley Cup Finals in 2002 Notably former Greyhound player and coach Ted Nolan coached parts of 5 seasons in the NHL with the Buffalo Sabres amp the New York Islanders winning the Jack Adams Trophy as the NHL Coach of the Year in 1998 with the Sabres Sault Ste Marie was the host of the 1990 Brier the Canadian men s curling championship In 2010 it hosted the Scotties Tournament of Hearts which serves as Canada s women s curling championship At the 2013 Tim Hortons Brier held in Edmonton Alberta Brad Jacobs and his team from the Soo Curlers Association won the Tim Hortons Brier and the honour of representing Canada in the 2013 Ford World Men s Curling Championship where they won silver The team later won the 2013 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials earning them the right to represent Canada at the 2014 Winter Olympics where they won gold The local curling clubs are the Soo Curlers Association and the Tarentorus Curling Club Sault Ste Marie also has a rich history in Canadian football For nearly four decades Sault Ste Marie high schools have consistently won Northern Ontario honours NOSSA and are regular participants in provincial finals Sault Ste Marie has also had men s semi pro football since 1972 The Sault Steelers are 4x National Semi Pro champions in the Canadian Major Football League winning the honours in 1972 2007 2009 and 2010 The Steelers failed to field a team in the early 1990s before returning for 4 seasons as the Sault Storm later going back to their original name in the 2000s on their way to forming a Dynasty between 2007 2010 Notable names associated with the team are Len Monico builder and coach Don McBain owner president Barry Rushon championship coach and Brandon Lewis League MVP and 20x All Star Other notable athletes from Sault Ste Marie include Canadian Football Hall of Fame inductee Rocky Dipietro Paralympic swimmer Jessica Tuomela softball pitcher Darren Zack and mixed martial artist Antonio Carvalho The Sault has been host to many national and international sporting events including the 2003 Eco Challenge North American Championship an expedition length 350 500 km or 220 310 mi adventure race through unmarked wilderness by biking trekking paddling and using ropes Walk of Fame Edit The Sault Ste Marie Walk of Fame marker for Francis H Clergue Main article Sault Ste Marie Walk of Fame The Walk of Fame was created in 2006 as a joint project between the city of Sault Ste Marie and its Downtown Association and honours those from the city or the Algoma District who have made outstanding contributions to the community or significant contributions in their chosen field of work Inductees are added on an annual basis Culture EditSault Ste Marie is home to the Bon Soo winter carnival held every February The city also hosts the annual Algoma Fall Festival which draws local and international performing artists The Kiwanis Community Theatre and the landmark Central United Church are used for the performances Both venues hold approximately 1 000 people The Art Gallery of Algoma features an extensive collection of local and international artists work and presents regular exhibitions Residents celebrate Community Day on the third weekend of July The local Rotary International club organizes a three day event called Rotaryfest 50 Sault Ste Marie was the focus of Kalle Mattson s A Love Song to the City whose music video premiered on USA Today 51 Notable people EditBrigitte Acton two time Olympian alpine skier Michael Amadio NHL player for the Vegas Golden Knights David Amber NHL on Sportsnet reporter and anchor 52 Ivan Boldirev retired NHL centre and 1978 NHL All Star Roberta Bondar neurologist and the first Canadian female astronaut in space Antonio Carvalho mixed martial artist and UFC veteran Treble Charger Juno Award nominated alternative rock band Kerry Diotte journalist and member of parliament Kyle Dubas general manager of the Toronto Maple Leafs Phil Esposito Hockey Hall of Fame inductee 10th all time NHL goal scorer and winner of two Stanley Cups Tony Esposito Hockey Hall of Fame inductee and winner of one Stanley Cup Aaron Fiacconi retired CFL offensive lineman Ron Francis 5th All Time leading scorer in the NHL and winner of two Stanley Cups William Howard Hearst seventh premier of Ontario Kevin Hodson retired NHL goalie and winner of one Stanley Cup amp one Memorial Cup Brad Jacobs E J Harnden Ryan Harnden Canadian curlers 2014 Winter Olympic gold medalists and 2013 Tim Hortons Brier champions Bill Johnson Sault Ste Marie resident unjustly convicted of murder acquitted in 2007 53 The Right Honourable David Johnston CC CMM COM CD FRSC hon FRCPSC hon 28th Governor General of Canada Sharon Johnston CC DStJ Viceregal Consort to The Right Honourable David Johnston amp Honorary Captain of the Royal Canadian Navy Lila Kedrova Academy Award winning actress Tyler Kennedy retired NHL player Keith Knight film actor Jerry Korab retired defenceman for the National Hockey League from 1971 to 1985 Chico Maki retired NHL player Wayne Maki former NHL player Mac Marcoux visually impaired alpine skier and gold medal winner at the 2014 Winter Paralympics 54 Kalle Mattson folk rock musician Paul Maurice current head coach of the NHL s Winnipeg Jets Bob McKenzie TSN hockey broadcaster amp analyst 55 Colin Miller NHL player currently playing for the Buffalo Sabres Will Morin politician and former leader of First Peoples National Party Jordan Nolan NHL player currently playing for the St Louis Blues Ted Nolan former NHL player and head coach John Parco retired hockey player and member of the Italian men s hockey team at the 2006 Winter Olympics Didier Pitre Hockey Hall of Fame inductee and winner of one Stanley Cup Crystal Shawanda Juno Award winning country singer Ray Smillie bronze medal winning boxer at the 1928 Summer Olympics Lyndon Slewidge anthem singer for the Ottawa Senators amp retired policeman Chris Thorburn retired NHL player Jessica Tuomela visually impaired swimmer and silver medallist at the 2000 Summer Paralympics Marty Turco retired NHL goalie and member of the 2006 Winter Olympics men s hockey team Gene Ubriaco retired NHL player former AHL coach and coach of the Pittsburgh Penguins and current Senior Advisor Director of Hockey Operations for the Chicago Wolves of the American Hockey League Dennis Vial retired NHL player who mainly played for the Ottawa SenatorsMedia EditMain article Media in Sault Ste Marie OntarioSister cities Edit County Louth Ireland 56 Forssa Finland 56 Maia Portugal 57 Sault Ste Marie Michigan United States 58 also twin city Krasnoyarsk Krasnoyarsk Krai Russia 2002 59 References Edit Factacular City Nicknames factacular com Archived from the original on 2015 01 03 Sault Ste Marie Geographical Names Data Base Natural Resources Canada a b Sault Ste Marie census profile 2011 Census of Population Statistics Canada Archived from the original on 2016 02 02 Retrieved 2012 02 16 a b Sault Ste Marie Census agglomeration census profile 2011 Census of Population Statistics Canada Archived from the original on 2016 02 02 Retrieved 2012 02 16 a b c d Canadian Climate Normals 1971 2000 Environment Canada Archived from the original on 2011 10 10 Retrieved 2012 05 06 Archived copy Archived from the original on 2017 02 16 Retrieved 2017 02 16 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Statistics Canada Sault Ste Marie Soo Saultite Translation Bureau Public Works and Government Services Canada Retrieved 8 February 2019 Time to say goodbye to seven digit calls Archived 2011 01 20 at the Wayback Machine Sootoday History Archived 2013 08 01 at the Wayback Machine Sault Ste Marie Michigan website nurun com Saultite receives honour from the Queen Sault Star Retrieved 2 May 2018 Sault Ste Marie history The North View accessed 20 Dec 2008 Archived May 12 2008 at the Wayback Machine Sault Ste Marie history The North View accessed 20 Dec 2008 Archived May 12 2008 at the Wayback Machine Mary Ellen Perkins ed Discover your heritage A Guide to Provincial Plaques in Ontario Natural Heritage Jun 30 1989 ISBN 0920474500 plaque on eastern end of Canadian locks Huron Street Saint Ste Marie Mary Ellen Perkins ed Discover your heritage A Guide to Provincial Plaques in Ontario Natural Heritage Jun 30 1989 ISBN 0920474500 plaque near Canadian locks Huron Street Saint Ste Marie Iacovetta Franca 2005 Napolitano Neapolitano Angelina In Cook Ramsay Belanger Real eds Dictionary of Canadian Biography XV 1921 1930 online ed University of Toronto Press Dziuban Stanley W 1970 Military Relations Between the United States and Canada 1939 1945 United States Army Center of Military History p 196 Archived from the original on 2010 04 10 Retrieved 2010 06 30 Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 1990 David Leyton Brown ed p 135 On the language front a major headache for the government began when the Sault Ste Marie City Council under pressure from the Alliance for the Preservation of English in Canada declared English as its official language Crosswords Language Education and Ethnicity in French Ontario Monica Heller p 79 Heller Crosswords p 80 July 1921 Canadian Climate Data Environment Canada Archived from the original on 7 August 2016 Retrieved 25 March 2016 January 1927 Canadian Climate Data Environment Canada Archived from the original on 7 August 2016 Retrieved 25 March 2016 Sault Ste Marie A Canadian Climate Normals 1981 2010 Environment Canada Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved April 12 2014 Sault Ste Marie A Canadian Climate Normals 1981 2010 Environment Canada Retrieved September 29 2013 Sault Ste Marie 2 Canadian Climate Normals 1981 2010 Environment Canada Archived from the original on 7 August 2016 Retrieved 12 June 2016 Sault Ste M Forestry 1889 1933 Canadian Climate Data Environment Canada Archived from the original on 7 August 2016 Retrieved 25 March 2016 Sault Ste Marie 1949 1969 Canadian Climate Data Environment Canada Archived from the original on 7 August 2016 Retrieved 25 March 2016 Sault Ste Marie Insectary Canadian Climate Data Environment Canada Archived from the original on 7 August 2016 Retrieved 25 March 2016 Daily Data Report for March 2012 Canadian Climate Data Environment Canada Archived from the original on 7 August 2016 Retrieved 12 June 2016 Genesee amp Wyoming Reports Results for the Second Quarter of 2010 Aug 3 2010 Press release GWI Press Release Genesee amp Wyoming Inc 2010 08 03 Archived from the original on 2010 08 05 Retrieved 2010 08 04 GWI has continued to operate HCRY under a temporary operating agreement that terminates in mid August 2010 unless renewed by the affected parties Wording of Sault Ste Marie referendum question yet to be decided permanent dead link Sudbury Star February 18 2010 Boxing Day Vote The People Have Spoken permanent dead link soonews ca October 26 2010 Sault Ste Marie Economic Development Corporation Renewable Energy Archived from the original on 13 April 2014 Retrieved 28 May 2013 Sprott Power Goulais Archived from the original on 15 November 2013 Retrieved 28 May 2013 BluEarth Renewables Inc Bow Lake Wind Project Archived from the original on 2 April 2013 Retrieved 28 May 2013 Elementa Group Commercial Demonstration Plant Archived from the original on 13 April 2014 Retrieved 28 May 2013 Sault Ste Marie Transit Saulttransitservices com Archived from the original on 2012 02 19 Retrieved 2011 03 09 Passenger rail service to Sudbury needed Sault MP Archived from the original on 2007 05 29 Retrieved 2011 03 09 Ontario Northland Operating in 20 New Communities John Rowswell Hub Trail City of Sault Ste Marie Archived from the original on February 2 2017 Retrieved January 24 2017 History of the VTA Voyageur Trail Association 2016 Archived from the original on February 2 2017 Retrieved January 24 2017 Algoma Trail Network Mountain Bike Master Plan Sault Cycling Club Retrieved 2021 08 11 Heroux Greg Sault Ste Marie Tours Sail Superior https sailsuperior com Retrieved 2021 08 11 External link in website help New Agawa Canyon Tour Train station set to open Northern Ontario 2021 08 12 Retrieved 2021 08 29 Sault Ste Marie City community profile 2006 Census data Statistics Canada Archived from the original on 2012 08 25 Retrieved 2011 04 15 Sault Ste Marie Census agglomeration community profile 2006 Census data Statistics Canada Archived from the original on 2016 02 02 Retrieved 2011 04 15 Ethno Cultural Portrait of Canada Table 1 2 statcan ca Archived from the original on 2007 12 14 Retrieved 2011 03 09 Sault Ste Marie City Census subdivision Ontario and Algoma District Census division Ontario Official 2018 Municipal Election Results Sault Ste Marie Ontario Debbie Amaroso is our first female mayor Archived 2010 10 29 at the Wayback Machine Sootoday com October 26 2010 Miramar Design Studio Rotaryfest Rotaryfest Archived from the original on 2011 05 10 Retrieved 2011 03 09 Premiere Kalle Mattson s A Love Song to the City Archived from the original on 2017 02 04 David Amber NHL Network Bio NHL Network Archived from the original on 2010 11 24 Harland Logan Sarah William Mullins Johnson Innocence Canada Retrieved 2020 12 16 Sweet 16 Canada s Mac Marcoux wins bronze in Paralympic downhill in Sochi 2014 Winter Games 2014 Winter Games 8 March 2014 Archived from the original on 2 September 2014 Hockey Chat with Bob McKenzie TSN April 14 2009 Archived from the original on 2014 08 26 a b City of Sault Ste Marie City of Sault Ste Marie Ontario Archived 2007 11 13 at the Wayback Machine Purvis Michael 17 August 2012 Saults now sisters Sault Star Kontakty s inostrannymi gorodami Archived 2013 12 02 at the Wayback Machine Vneshnie svyazi oficialnyj sajt administracii goroda Krasnoyarska in Russian English and German External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Sault Ste Marie Ontario Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sault Ste Marie Ontario City of Sault Ste Marie Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sault Ste Marie Ontario amp oldid 1053718649, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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