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Sausalito, California

"Sausalito" redirects here. For the 2000 film, see Sausalito (film). For the Rosy & Andres song, see Sausalito (song).

Sausalito (Spanish for "small willow grove") is a city in Marin County, California, located 8 miles (13 km) south-southeast of San Rafael, and 4 miles (7 km) north of San Francisco.

Sausalito
City of Sausalito
Sausalito combines hillside with shoreline, as seen in this view from Bridgeway, the city's central street.
Location in Marin County and the state of California
Sausalito
Location in the United States
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Sausalito
Sausalito (Northern California)
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Sausalito
Sausalito (California)
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Sausalito
Sausalito (the United States)
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Coordinates:37°51′33″N122°29′07″W /37.85917°N 122.48528°W /37.85917; -122.48528Coordinates: 37°51′33″N122°29′07″W /37.85917°N 122.48528°W /37.85917; -122.48528
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyMarin
IncorporatedSeptember 4, 1893
Government
MayorJoe Burns
State SenatorMike McGuire (D)
AssemblymemberMarc Levine (D)
U. S. Rep.Jared Huffman (D)
SupervisorDistrict 3
Kate Sears
Area
• Total2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)
• Land1.76 sq mi (4.57 km2)
• Water0.49 sq mi (1.28 km2) 21.54%
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
• Total7,061
• Estimate
(2019)
7,068
• Density4,006.80/sq mi (1,547.02/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
• Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PST)
ZIP codes
94965, 94966
Area codes415/628
FIPS code06-70364
GNIS feature IDs277597, 2411834
Websitewww.ci.sausalito.ca.us

Sausalito's population was 7,061 as of the 2010 census. The community is situated near the northern end of the Golden Gate Bridge, and prior to the building of that bridge served as a terminus for rail, car, and ferry traffic.

Sausalito developed rapidly as a shipbuilding center in World War II, with its industrial character giving way in postwar years to a reputation as a wealthy and artistic enclave, a picturesque residential community (incorporating large numbers of houseboats), and a tourist destination. The city is adjacent to, and largely bounded by, the protected spaces of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

Contents

The name of Sausalito comes from the Spanish sauzalito, meaning "small willow grove", from sauce "willow" + collective derivative -al meaning "place of abundance" + diminutive suffix -ito; with orthographic corruption from z to s due to seseo. Early variants of the name included Saucelito, San Salita, San Saulito, San Salito, Sancolito, Sancilito, Sousolito, Sousalita, Sousilito, Sausilito, and Sauz Saulita.

It is sometimes claimed[by whom?] that Sausalito was named for the district in Valparaíso, Chile, where the bandit Joaquín Murrieta was born. Murrieta was the leader of bandits who settled at the northern end of the future Golden Gate bridge after being banned from San Francisco in the bandit wars. However, this theory cannot be true because Murrieta was from Mexico, not Chile, and because he did not arrive in California until the Gold Rush around 1849. The Rancho Saucelito had already been granted to William Richardson in 1838.

Located at 37°51′33″N122°29′07″W /37.85917°N 122.48528°W /37.85917; -122.48528, Sausalito encompasses both steep, wooded hillside and shoreline tidal flats. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2). Notably, only 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) of it is land. A full 21.54% of the city (0.5 square miles, or 1.3 km2) is under water, and has been so since its founding in 1868. Prominent geographic features associated with Sausalito include Richardson Bay and Pine Point.

When Sausalito was formally platted, it was anticipated that future development might extend the shoreline with landfill, as had been the practice in neighboring San Francisco. As a result, entire streets, demarcated and given names like Pescadero, Eureka and Teutonia, remain beneath the surface of Richardson Bay. The legal, if not actual, presence of these streets has proved a contentious factor in public policy, because some houseboats float directly above them. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, "State agencies say privately owned houseboats can't be located above the underwater streets because the streets are public trust lands intended for public benefit." The California State Lands Commission is reportedly pursuing a compromise which would move not the houseboats, but the theoretical streets instead.

Climate

Sausalito has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb) with far lower temperatures than expected because of its adjacency to San Francisco Bay and the resultant onshore breezes.

Climate data for Sausalito, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 57
(14)
60
(16)
62
(17)
63
(17)
64
(18)
67
(19)
67
(19)
68
(20)
70
(21)
69
(21)
63
(17)
57
(14)
64
(18)
Average low °F (°C) 46
(8)
48
(9)
49
(9)
49
(9)
51
(11)
53
(12)
54
(12)
55
(13)
55
(13)
54
(12)
50
(10)
46
(8)
51
(11)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.50
(114)
3.61
(92)
3.26
(83)
1.46
(37)
.70
(18)
.16
(4.1)
0
(0)
.06
(1.5)
.21
(5.3)
1.12
(28)
3.16
(80)
4.56
(116)
22.80
(579)
Source: Weather Channel

Indigenous culture

Sausalito was once the site of a Coast Miwok settlement known as Liwanelowa. The branch of the Coast Miwok living in this area were known as the Huimen (or as Nación de Uimen to the Spanish). Early explorers of the area described them as friendly and hospitable. According to Juan de Ayala, "To all these advantages must be added the best of all, which is that the heathen Indians of the port are so faithful in their friendship and so docile in their disposition that I was greatly pleased to receive them on board." European settlers took advantage of the Huimen's kindness and hospitality,[citation needed] and completely massacred[citation needed] them within the span of a few generations. As historian Jack Tracy has observed, "Their dwellings on the site of Sausalito were explored and mapped in 1907, nearly a century and a half later, by an archaeological survey. By that time, nothing was left of the culture of those who had first enjoyed the natural treasures of the bay. The life of the Coastal Miwoks had been reduced to archaeological remnants, as though thousands of years had passed since their existence."

European arrival and settlement

1781 Cañizares map of San Francisco Bay

The first European known to visit the present-day location of Sausalito was Don José de Cañizares, on August 5, 1775. Cañizares was head of an advance party dispatched by longboat from the ship San Carlos, searching for a suitable anchorage for the larger vessel. The crew of the San Carlos came ashore soon after, reporting friendly natives and teeming populations of deer, elk, bear, sea lions, seals and otters. More significantly for maritime purposes, they reported an abundance of large, mature timber in the hills, a valuable commodity for shipwrights in need of raw materials for masts, braces and planking.

Despite these and later positive reports, the Spanish colonial government of Upper California did little to establish a presence in the area. When a military garrison (now the Presidio of San Francisco) and a Franciscan mission (Mission Dolores) were founded the following year, they were situated on the opposite, southern shore of the bay, where no portage was necessary for overland traffic to and from Monterey, the regional capitol. As a result, the far shore of the Golden Gate strait would remain largely wilderness for another half-century.

William Richardson (1795–1856), an English-born Mexican citizen, first claimed and developed the site of Sausalito as a private rancho.

The development of the area began at the instigation of William A. Richardson, who arrived in Upper California in 1822, shortly after Mexico had won its independence from Spain. An English mariner who had picked up a fluency in Spanish during his travels, he quickly became an influential presence in the now-Mexican territory. By 1825, Richardson had assumed Mexican citizenship, converted to Catholicism and married the daughter of Don Ignacio Martínez, commandant of the Presidio and holder of a large land grant. His ambitions now expanding to land holdings of his own, Richardson submitted a petition to Governor Echienda for a rancho in the headlands across the water from the Presidio, to be called "Rancho Saucelito". Sausalito is believed to refer to a small cluster of willows, a moist-soil tree, indicating the presence of a freshwater spring.

Even before filing his claim, Richardson had used the spring as a watering station on the shores of what is now called Richardson Bay (an arm of the larger San Francisco Bay), selling fresh water to visiting vessels. However, his ownership of the land was legally tenuous: other claims had been submitted for the same region, and at any rate Mexican law reserved headlands for military uses, not private ownership. Richardson temporarily abandoned his claim and settled instead outside the Presidio, building the first permanent civilian home and laying out the street plan for the pueblo of Yerba Buena (present-day San Francisco). After years of lobbying and legal wrangling, Richardson was given clear title to all 19,751 acres (79.93 km2) of Rancho del Sausalito on February 11, 1838.

Fishing village and sybaritic enclave

In the post-Gold Rush era, Sausalito's unusual location became a key factor in its formation as a community. It was San Francisco's nearest neighbor, less than two miles (3 km) away at the nearest point and easily seen from city streets, yet transportation factors rendered it effectively isolated. A boat could sail there in under half an hour, but wagons and carriages required an arduous skirting of the entire bay, a journey that could well exceed a hundred miles. As a result, the region was largely dominated by two disparate classes of people, both with ready access to boats: commercial fishermen and wealthy yachting enthusiasts.

Mining town

In the 1870s, manganese was discovered in the hills west of Old Town that was rich enough to justify small-scale mining. Tunnels were dug near the springs between present-day Prospect Avenue and Sausalito Boulevard. Henry Eames, an opportunistic inventor, built an ore reduction plant at the foot of Main Street to process the manganese ore. This location would become the later site of Sally Stanford’s infamous bordello, Valhalla. However, by 1880 the Saucelito Smelting Works was producing only about fifty tons of black oxide annually, hardly enough to make Sausalito a true mining center.

Transit hub

The first post office opened in 1870 as "Saucelito" and changed its name to the present spelling in 1887.

The Eureka, then the largest double-ended ferryboat in the world, carried passenger and automobile traffic on the Sausalito–San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941.

In the 1870s, the North Pacific Coast Railroad (NPC) extended its tracks southward to a new terminus in Sausalito, where a rail yard and ferry to San Francisco were established. The NPC was acquired by the North Shore Railroad in 1902, which in turn was absorbed in 1907 by the Southern Pacific affiliate, the Northwestern Pacific.

By 1926, a major auto ferry across the Golden Gate was established, running to the Hyde Street Pier in San Francisco.[better source needed] This ferry was an integral part of old U.S. Highway 101, and a large influx of automobile traffic, often parked or idling in long queues, became a dominant characteristic of the town. Northwestern Pacific commuter train service also expanded to serve the increased traffic volume, and Sausalito became known primarily as a transportation hub.

This era came to an end in May 1937 with the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge. The bridge made large-scale ferry operations redundant, and since the new route of Highway 101 bypassed Sausalito entirely, in-town traffic was quickly reduced to a trickle. Car ferry service ended in March 1941 (passenger ferry service, however, continues to this day, linking downtown Sausalito with both the Ferry Building in San Francisco's Embarcadero, and Pier 39 in the Fisherman's Wharf district). Northwestern Pacific also closed its Sausalito terminal in March 1941, although some tracks remained in use as "spur tracks" for freight trains as late as 1971.

Bootlegging and rum runners

Sausalito was a center for bootlegging during the era of Prohibition in the United States. Because of its location facing the Golden Gate and isolated from San Francisco by the same waterway, it was also a favorite landing spot for rum runners. The 1942 film China Girl has some footage of Sally Stanford's Valhalla restaurant on the waterfront. The scene shows the docks and illustrates rum running.

Industrialization during World War II

When the United States entered World War II, Fort Barry on Point Bonita was reoccupied. Fort Baker also hosted large numbers of troops. Barracks and other housing were constructed for soldiers. Few of these buildings remain.

A major shipyard of the Bechtel Corporation called Marinship was sited along the shoreline of Sausalito. The thousands of laborers who worked here were largely housed in a nearby community constructed for them called Marin City. The soil which supports this area is dredgings from Richardson Bay that were placed during World War II as part of the Marin shipyards for the United States Navy. A total of 202 acres (0.8 km2) were condemned by the government. A portion of this total area was formed in the shape of a peninsula and this peninsula became known as Schoonmaker Point. In honor of the city's contribution to the war effort, a Tacoma-class frigate was christened the USS Sausalito(PF-4) in 1943. The ship Sausalito, however, was not built in Sausalito but at one of the Kaiser Shipyards in Richmond, California, also on the San Francisco Bay.

The Marinship Shipyards were the site of incidents that provided a key early milestone in the civil rights movement. In 1944 in the case of James v. Marinship the California Supreme Court held that African Americans could not be excluded from jobs based on their race, even if the employer took no discriminatory actions. In the case of Joseph James, on whose behalf the suit was brought, the local Boilermakers Union excluded Blacks from membership and had a "closed shop" contract, forbidding the shipbuilder from employing anyone who was not a member of the union. African American workers could join an auxiliary of the union, which offered access to fewer jobs at lower pay. Future US Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall successfully argued the case, winning a ruling that the union be required to offer equal membership to African Americans. The court extended the ruling to apply explicitly to all unions and all workers in California.

Postwar years

Richard Nixon campaigning for United States Senate in Sausalito in the spring of 1950
Sausalito Yacht Harbor

Following World War II, a lively waterfront community grew out of the abandoned shipyards. By the late 1960s at least three houseboat communities occupied the waterfront along and adjacent to Sausalito's shore. Beginning in the 1970s, an intense struggle erupted between houseboat residents and developers, dubbed the "Houseboat Wars". Forced removals by county authorities and sabotage by some on the waterfront characterized this struggle. This long fight pitted the waterfront against the "Hill People" – the rich on the hill looking down on the waterfront. Today three houseboat communities still exist — Galilee Harbor in Sausalito, Waldo Point Harbor and the Gates Cooperative, just outside the city limit.

In 1965, the City of Sausalito sued the County of Marin and a private developer for illegally zoning 2,000 acres (809 ha) of land to build a city named Marincello adjacent to Sausalito. The city won the lawsuit in 1970, and the land was transferred as open space to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

Federal and state

In the United States House of Representatives, Sausalito is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. From 2008 to 2012, Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly.

In the California State Legislature, Sausalito is in:

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Sausalito has 5,430 registered voters. Of those, 2,905 (53.5%) are registered Democrats, 677 (12.5%) are registered Republicans, and 1,605 (30%) have declined to state a political party.

Sausalito vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican
2016 81.2% 3,824 13.5% 636
2012 76.1% 3,535 21.6% 1,001
2008 81.2% 4,031 17.1% 850
2004 77.0% 3,677 21.9% 1,046
2000 67.7% 2,945 24.5% 1,067
1996 61.7% 2,579 24.7% 1,034
1992 63.2% 3,125 19.3% 953
1988 63.4% 2,768 35.4% 1,548
1984 56.6% 2,071 42.2% 1,542
1980 39.6% 1,369 39.5% 1,367
1976 46.5% 1,571 49.9% 1,686
1972 58.4% 2,357 39.6% 1,600
1968 52.5% 1,638 42.4% 1,322
1964 65.7% 1,992 34.3% 1,040
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880476
18901,334180.3%
19001,62822.0%
19102,38346.4%
19202,79017.1%
19303,66731.4%
19403,540−3.5%
19504,82836.4%
19605,33110.4%
19706,15815.5%
19807,33819.2%
19907,152−2.5%
20007,3302.5%
20107,061−3.7%
2019 (est.)7,0680.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Sausalito had a population of 7,061. The population density was 3,128.5 people per square mile (1,207.9/km2). The racial makeup of Sausalito was 6,400 (90.6%) White, 65 (0.9%) African Americans, 16 (0.2%) Native American, 342 (4.8%) Asian, 10 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 53 (0.8%) from other races, and 175 (2.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 287 persons (4.1%).

The Census reported that 99.8% of the population lived in households and 0.2% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.

There were 4,112 households, out of which 420 (10.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,443 (35.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 146 (3.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 64 (1.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 313 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 63 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,927 households (46.9%) were made up of individuals, and 524 (12.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.71. There were 1,653 families (40.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.39.

The population was spread out, with 615 people (8.7%) under the age of 18, 159 people (2.3%) aged 18 to 24, 1,962 people (27.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,830 people (40.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,495 people (21.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

There were 4,536 housing units at an average density of 2,009.7 per square mile (776.0/km2), of which 2,088 (50.8%) were owner-occupied, and 2,024 (49.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 3,783 people (53.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,265 people (46.2%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

Sausalito's harbor sidewalk

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,330 people, 4,254 households, and 1,663 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,852.9 people per square mile (1,489.5/km2). There were 4,511 housing units at an average density of 2,371.1 per square mile (916.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city in 2010 was 87.4% non-Hispanic White, 0.9% non-Hispanic African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 4,254 households, out of which 8.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 3.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 60.9% were non-families. 45.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.72 and the average family size was 2.34.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 7.4% under the age of 18, 2.4% from 18 to 24, 39.5% from 25 to 44, 38.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $87,469, and the median income for a family was $123,467. Males had a median income of $90,680 versus $56,576 for females. The per capita income for the city was $81,040. About 2.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Sausalito has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Sakaide is near the Seto Ohashi Bridge on the north coast of the island of Shikoku in Japan (established in 1988). The primary program is a youth cultural exchange program.

Viña del Mar is located on the coast of Chile not far from Santiago (established 1960). The relationship features a Sausalito Stadium and a Sausalito Lagoon. Conversely, Sausalito's main plaza is named Viña del Mar in honor of the Chilean city. The primary program is 777 (7 women, 7 days, 7 dreams), an entrepreneurial training for Chilean Woman in Sausalito.

Cascais is the newest sister city. This relationship was established in 2013. The primary program is a youth sailing exchange between Cascais and Sausalito, Clube Naval and the Sausalito Yacht Club.

Sausalito Yacht Club, founded in 1942
Aerial view of the Sausalito Yacht Harbor

Service organizations in Sausalito include the Lions Club, Rotary Club, Sausalito Woman's Club, Sausalito Historical Society, the Sausalito Library Foundation, Friends of the Sausalito Library, Sausalito Art Festival Foundation, the Sausalito-on-the-Waterfront Foundation, and Richardson's Bay Maritime Association. Clubs include the Sausalito Yacht Club, Presidio Yacht Club and the Sausalito Cruising Club.

The Sausalito-on-the-Waterfront Foundation, incorporated in May 2009, is a non-profit California public benefit corporation. Its mission is to educate the public on the history of the Sausalito waterfront and environmental issues related to San Francisco Bay, perpetuate life on San Francisco Bay and waterfront, sponsor boating activities and community events and provide educational scholarships and support to other non-profit organizations. Some activities of the foundation include the Sausalito Lighted Boat Parade and Fireworks, Opening Day on the Bay celebration, Youth Sailing Program, Burning Woman Artists Waterfront Exhibit, Kids Waterfront Day-in-the-Park and Jazz & Blues On-the-Waterfront.

The Sausalito Yacht Harbor has slips for 600 vessels and is the southernmost harbor in Sausalito, adjacent to the central downtown area.

Aerial view of the ferry docking at Sausalito

Due to its location at the north end of the Golden Gate Bridge, Sausalito receives a steady stream of visitors via the bridge (auto and bicycle traffic) and a ferry service from San Francisco. It retains one of the few ungated marinas in the Bay Area that attracts visitors.

For several decades Sausalito had a local newspaper called the MarinScope, owned at times by Paul and Billy Anderson, and Vijay Mallya. However, as of 2018 the newspaper had ceased publication. Sausalito retains a small radio station founded by Jonathan Westerling, Radio Sausalito 1610 AM, which also serves as the city's Emergency Broadcasting System. The city's primary websites are the city's official site ci.Sausalito.ca.us, the Chamber of Commerce sausalito.org, a reference site oursausalito.com and a guide for locals and visitors to the area Sausalito.com.

Sausalito is served by the Sausalito Marin City School District for primary school and the Tamalpais Union High School District for secondary school. Residents have two public schools to choose from: the K-8 public school Bayside Martin Luther King, Jr. Academy in Marin City or the K-8 charter school Willow Creek Academy in Sausalito. There are two private elementary schools that have been recently established in Sausalito, The K-12 Waldorf style New Village School, and PreK - 5 campus of the Lycée Français de San Francisco. High schoolers in public school attend Tamalpais High School in Mill Valley.

Sausalito City Hall houses the Sausalito Public Library.

Gabrielson Memorial Park

The public parks in Sausalito include Cazneau Playground, Cloud View Park, Dunphy Park, Gabrielson Park, Harrison Playground, Martin Luther King Park and Dog Park, Langendorf Park, Marinship Park, South View Park, Robin Sweeny Park, Tiffany Park, Vina del Mar Plaza, and Yee Tock Chee Park. The public beaches include Schoonmaker Beach, Swede's Beach and Tiffany Beach. Sausalito also has a municipal fishing pier and the Turney Street Boat Ramp. A club house/game room and an exercise room are located in the city hall.

Sausalito houseboats

The Sausalito houseboat community consists of more than 400 houseboats of various shapes, sizes, and values, along the north end of town, approximately two miles from downtown. While some of these are technically outside the Sausalito city limits, they are generally acknowledged as forming an integral part of the Sausalito community.

The roots of the houseboat community lie in the re-use of abandoned boats and material after the de-commissioning of the Marinship shipyards at the end of World War II. Many anchor-outs came to the area, which created problems with sanitation and other issues. After a series of tense confrontations in the 1970s and 1980s, additional regulations were applied to the area and the great majority of boats were relocated to approved docks. From 77 boats in the water in 1977, there were about 18 boats left in 2019. Several are architect-designed pieces that have been featured in major magazines. The Gates Co-op Houseboat Community remains to this day, although recent action has required them to fit city-standards of sanitation and building codes.

The humming toadfish makes mating noises underwater, keeping some residents awake at night.

The following is a list of notable residents of Sausalito, past and present.

Past

  • Leon Adams, wine writer and author of Wines of America, lived in Sausalito until his death.
  • Enid Foster, American artist, sculptor, playwright, art community leader
  • Phil Frank, cartoonist of "Farley" comic strip in the San Francisco Chronicle. Headed up[clarification needed] placing the Marinship exhibit in the Bay Model and setting up the exhibits in the Ice House Visitor Center.
  • Sterling Hayden, American film actor and sailor
  • Tim Lincecum, San Francisco Giants pitcher
  • Baby Face Nelson, American gangster of the 1920s
  • Frederick O'Brien, American writer of travel books about Pacific islands
  • Harry Partch, American composer and creator of musical instruments, set up a studio in an abandoned Sausalito shipyard in 1953.
  • Otis Redding, musician, wrote "(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay" while staying on a houseboat at Waldo Point in Sausalito in 1967.
  • Sally Stanford, former Sausalito City Council member and mayor, founder of the restaurant Valhalla, ran a well-known brothel at 1144 Pine Street in San Francisco.
  • Alan Watts, 20th-century philosopher (The Sausalito Library owns a permanent collection of all available audio cassettes of Watts’ spoken words.)

Present-day

Sausalito yacht harbor in 2011
  • Heath Ceramics, founded by mid-century modern ceramicist Edith Heath, has been operating in Sausalito since 1948.
  • From 1972 to 2008, the Record Plant recording studio operated from a 10,000 square foot complex on the Sausalito waterfront. The hundreds of albums recorded there include Fleetwood Mac's Rumours, Stevie Wonder's Songs in the Key of Life, and Heart's eponymous debut.
  • In addition to Marinship, which built ships during World War II, Sausalito has a long history of boatbuilding. These boatyards specialized in a variety of vessels, including fishing and other work boats, government-contract vessels and recreational yachts. Many boatyards came and went in Sausalito in the late 19th century and early 20th century, including G. Smith, Brixen and Manfrey, the California Launch Building Company, the Reliance Boat Company, Nunes Brothers (Manuel and Antonio), Atlantic Boatbuilding Plant, Crichton and Arques, Sausalito Shipbuilding, Madden and Lewis Company, Menotti Pasquinucci and Bob's Boatyard. After World War II, the best known yards are, or were, Spaulding Boatworks, Bob's Boatyard, Easom Boatworks, Sausalito Marine, Bayside Boatworks, Richardson Bay Boat, the Boatbuilders Co-op and Anderson's Boat Yard.
  • The Spaulding Boatworks was founded in 1951 by Myron Spaulding and has been in continuous operation since then. It is one of the last remaining wooden boat yards on the West Coast. Today, the Spaulding Wooden Boat Center is a working and living museum, with a mission to restore and return to active use significant, historic wooden sailing vessels; preserve and enhance its working boatyard; create a place where people can gather to use, enjoy, and learn about wooden boats; and educate others about wooden boat building skills, traditions and values.
  • Mason's Distillery, acquired by the American Distilling Company in 1933, manufactured and distributed various brands of whiskey, including "Bourbon Supreme". The distillery was destroyed by fire on May 4, 1963; the site is now the location of "Whiskey Springs" condominiums.
  • The Southern Pacific ferryboat Berkeley was docked in Sausalito for several years during the 1960s after being taken out of service. It was subsequently towed to San Diego where it was restored and is a tourist attraction.
  • The bakery Pepperidge Farm, which markets The American Collection line of cookies named after various notable locales (Chesapeake, Nantucket, Tahoe), has given the name Sausalito to their milk chocolate/macadamia-nut combo. It is not manufactured in the city. As of 2011, the company maintains a registered trademark on the name Sausalito.

Film, television, and video games

Music

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(July 2007) ()
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  2. "City Council". Sausalito, CA. RetrievedAugust 22, 2017.
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  4. "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. RetrievedMarch 8, 2013.
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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sausalito.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSausalito, California.

Sausalito, California
Sausalito California Language Watch Edit Sausalito redirects here For the 2000 film see Sausalito film For the Rosy amp Andres song see Sausalito song Sausalito Spanish for small willow grove is a city in Marin County California located 8 miles 13 km south southeast of San Rafael 9 and 4 miles 7 km north of San Francisco 6 SausalitoCityCity of SausalitoSausalito combines hillside with shoreline as seen in this view from Bridgeway the city s central street Location in Marin County and the state of CaliforniaSausalitoLocation in the United StatesShow map of San Francisco Bay AreaSausalitoSausalito Northern California Show map of Northern CaliforniaSausalitoSausalito California Show map of CaliforniaSausalitoSausalito the United States Show map of the United StatesCoordinates 37 51 33 N 122 29 07 W 37 85917 N 122 48528 W 37 85917 122 48528 Coordinates 37 51 33 N 122 29 07 W 37 85917 N 122 48528 W 37 85917 122 48528CountryUnited StatesStateCaliforniaCountyMarinIncorporatedSeptember 4 1893 1 Government MayorJoe Burns 2 State SenatorMike McGuire D 3 AssemblymemberMarc Levine D 3 U S Rep Jared Huffman D 4 SupervisorDistrict 3 Kate SearsArea 5 Total2 26 sq mi 5 85 km2 Land1 76 sq mi 4 57 km2 Water0 49 sq mi 1 28 km2 21 54 Elevation 6 10 ft 3 m Population 2010 7 Total7 061 Estimate 2019 8 7 068 Density4 006 80 sq mi 1 547 02 km2 Time zoneUTC 8 Pacific Time Zone Summer DST UTC 7 PST ZIP codes94965 94966Area codes415 628FIPS code06 70364GNIS feature IDs277597 2411834Websitewww wbr ci wbr sausalito wbr ca wbr us Sausalito s population was 7 061 as of the 2010 census The community is situated near the northern end of the Golden Gate Bridge and prior to the building of that bridge served as a terminus for rail car and ferry traffic Sausalito developed rapidly as a shipbuilding center in World War II with its industrial character giving way in postwar years to a reputation as a wealthy and artistic enclave a picturesque residential community incorporating large numbers of houseboats and a tourist destination The city is adjacent to and largely bounded by the protected spaces of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area Contents 1 Etymology 2 Geography 2 1 Climate 3 History 3 1 Indigenous culture 3 2 European arrival and settlement 3 3 Fishing village and sybaritic enclave 3 4 Mining town 3 5 Transit hub 3 6 Bootlegging and rum runners 3 7 Industrialization during World War II 3 8 Postwar years 4 Government 4 1 Federal and state 5 Demographics 5 1 2010 5 2 2000 6 Sister cities 7 Service organizations and clubs 8 Tourism 9 Media 10 Education 11 Parks and recreation 12 Houseboats 13 Notable people 13 1 Past 13 2 Present day 14 Industry 15 In popular culture 15 1 Film television and video games 15 2 Music 16 See also 17 References 18 Further reading 19 External linksEtymology EditThe name of Sausalito comes from the Spanish sauzalito meaning small willow grove from sauce willow collective derivative al meaning place of abundance diminutive suffix ito with orthographic corruption from z to s due to seseo Early variants of the name included Saucelito San Salita San Saulito San Salito Sancolito Sancilito Sousolito Sousalita Sousilito Sausilito and Sauz Saulita 9 It is sometimes claimed by whom that Sausalito was named for the district in Valparaiso Chile where the bandit Joaquin Murrieta was born Murrieta was the leader of bandits who settled at the northern end of the future Golden Gate bridge after being banned from San Francisco in the bandit wars However this theory cannot be true because Murrieta was from Mexico not Chile and because he did not arrive in California until the Gold Rush around 1849 10 The Rancho Saucelito had already been granted to William Richardson in 1838 11 Geography EditLocated at 37 51 33 N 122 29 07 W 37 85917 N 122 48528 W 37 85917 122 48528 6 Sausalito encompasses both steep wooded hillside and shoreline tidal flats According to the United States Census Bureau the city has a total area of 2 2 square miles 5 7 km2 Notably only 1 8 square miles 4 7 km2 of it is land A full 21 54 of the city 0 5 square miles or 1 3 km2 is under water and has been so since its founding in 1868 Prominent geographic features associated with Sausalito include Richardson Bay and Pine Point When Sausalito was formally platted it was anticipated that future development might extend the shoreline with landfill as had been the practice in neighboring San Francisco As a result entire streets demarcated and given names like Pescadero Eureka and Teutonia remain beneath the surface of Richardson Bay 12 The legal if not actual presence of these streets has proved a contentious factor in public policy because some houseboats float directly above them According to the San Francisco Chronicle State agencies say privately owned houseboats can t be located above the underwater streets because the streets are public trust lands intended for public benefit The California State Lands Commission is reportedly pursuing a compromise which would move not the houseboats but the theoretical streets instead 13 Climate Edit Sausalito has a Mediterranean climate Koppen climate classification Csb with far lower temperatures than expected because of its adjacency to San Francisco Bay and the resultant onshore breezes Climate data for Sausalito CaliforniaMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high F C 57 14 60 16 62 17 63 17 64 18 67 19 67 19 68 20 70 21 69 21 63 17 57 14 64 18 Average low F C 46 8 48 9 49 9 49 9 51 11 53 12 54 12 55 13 55 13 54 12 50 10 46 8 51 11 Average precipitation inches mm 4 50 114 3 61 92 3 26 83 1 46 37 70 18 16 4 1 0 0 06 1 5 21 5 3 1 12 28 3 16 80 4 56 116 22 80 579 Source Weather Channel 14 History EditIndigenous culture Edit Sausalito was once the site of a Coast Miwok settlement known as Liwanelowa The branch of the Coast Miwok living in this area were known as the Huimen or as Nacion de Uimen to the Spanish 15 16 Early explorers of the area described them as friendly and hospitable According to Juan de Ayala To all these advantages must be added the best of all which is that the heathen Indians of the port are so faithful in their friendship and so docile in their disposition that I was greatly pleased to receive them on board European settlers took advantage of the Huimen s kindness and hospitality citation needed and completely massacred citation needed them within the span of a few generations As historian Jack Tracy has observed Their dwellings on the site of Sausalito were explored and mapped in 1907 nearly a century and a half later by an archaeological survey By that time nothing was left of the culture of those who had first enjoyed the natural treasures of the bay The life of the Coastal Miwoks had been reduced to archaeological remnants as though thousands of years had passed since their existence European arrival and settlement Edit 1781 Canizares map of San Francisco Bay The first European known to visit the present day location of Sausalito was Don Jose de Canizares on August 5 1775 Canizares was head of an advance party dispatched by longboat from the ship San Carlos searching for a suitable anchorage for the larger vessel The crew of the San Carlos came ashore soon after reporting friendly natives and teeming populations of deer elk bear sea lions seals and otters More significantly for maritime purposes they reported an abundance of large mature timber in the hills a valuable commodity for shipwrights in need of raw materials for masts braces and planking Despite these and later positive reports the Spanish colonial government of Upper California did little to establish a presence in the area When a military garrison now the Presidio of San Francisco and a Franciscan mission Mission Dolores were founded the following year they were situated on the opposite southern shore of the bay where no portage was necessary for overland traffic to and from Monterey the regional capitol As a result the far shore of the Golden Gate strait would remain largely wilderness for another half century William Richardson 1795 1856 an English born Mexican citizen first claimed and developed the site of Sausalito as a private rancho The development of the area began at the instigation of William A Richardson who arrived in Upper California in 1822 shortly after Mexico had won its independence from Spain An English mariner who had picked up a fluency in Spanish during his travels he quickly became an influential presence in the now Mexican territory By 1825 Richardson had assumed Mexican citizenship converted to Catholicism and married the daughter of Don Ignacio Martinez commandant of the Presidio and holder of a large land grant His ambitions now expanding to land holdings of his own Richardson submitted a petition to Governor Echienda for a rancho in the headlands across the water from the Presidio to be called Rancho Saucelito 11 Sausalito is believed to refer to a small cluster of willows a moist soil tree indicating the presence of a freshwater spring 17 Even before filing his claim Richardson had used the spring as a watering station on the shores of what is now called Richardson Bay an arm of the larger San Francisco Bay selling fresh water to visiting vessels However his ownership of the land was legally tenuous other claims had been submitted for the same region and at any rate Mexican law reserved headlands for military uses not private ownership Richardson temporarily abandoned his claim and settled instead outside the Presidio building the first permanent civilian home and laying out the street plan for the pueblo of Yerba Buena present day San Francisco After years of lobbying and legal wrangling Richardson was given clear title to all 19 751 acres 79 93 km2 of Rancho del Sausalito on February 11 1838 Fishing village and sybaritic enclave Edit In the post Gold Rush era Sausalito s unusual location became a key factor in its formation as a community It was San Francisco s nearest neighbor less than two miles 3 km away at the nearest point and easily seen from city streets yet transportation factors rendered it effectively isolated A boat could sail there in under half an hour but wagons and carriages required an arduous skirting of the entire bay a journey that could well exceed a hundred miles As a result the region was largely dominated by two disparate classes of people both with ready access to boats commercial fishermen and wealthy yachting enthusiasts Mining town Edit In the 1870s manganese was discovered in the hills west of Old Town that was rich enough to justify small scale mining Tunnels were dug near the springs between present day Prospect Avenue and Sausalito Boulevard Henry Eames an opportunistic inventor built an ore reduction plant at the foot of Main Street to process the manganese ore This location would become the later site of Sally Stanford s infamous bordello Valhalla However by 1880 the Saucelito Smelting Works was producing only about fifty tons of black oxide annually hardly enough to make Sausalito a true mining center 18 Transit hub Edit The first post office opened in 1870 as Saucelito and changed its name to the present spelling in 1887 9 The Eureka then the largest double ended ferryboat in the world carried passenger and automobile traffic on the Sausalito San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941 In the 1870s the North Pacific Coast Railroad NPC extended its tracks southward to a new terminus in Sausalito where a rail yard and ferry to San Francisco were established The NPC was acquired by the North Shore Railroad in 1902 which in turn was absorbed in 1907 by the Southern Pacific affiliate the Northwestern Pacific By 1926 a major auto ferry across the Golden Gate was established running to the Hyde Street Pier in San Francisco 19 better source needed This ferry was an integral part of old U S Highway 101 and a large influx of automobile traffic often parked or idling in long queues became a dominant characteristic of the town Northwestern Pacific commuter train service also expanded to serve the increased traffic volume and Sausalito became known primarily as a transportation hub This era came to an end in May 1937 with the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge The bridge made large scale ferry operations redundant and since the new route of Highway 101 bypassed Sausalito entirely in town traffic was quickly reduced to a trickle Car ferry service ended in March 1941 passenger ferry service however continues to this day linking downtown Sausalito with both the Ferry Building in San Francisco s Embarcadero and Pier 39 in the Fisherman s Wharf district Northwestern Pacific also closed its Sausalito terminal in March 1941 although some tracks remained in use as spur tracks for freight trains as late as 1971 17 Bootlegging and rum runners Edit Sausalito was a center for bootlegging during the era of Prohibition in the United States Because of its location facing the Golden Gate and isolated from San Francisco by the same waterway it was also a favorite landing spot for rum runners 20 The 1942 film China Girl has some footage of Sally Stanford s Valhalla restaurant on the waterfront The scene shows the docks and illustrates rum running Industrialization during World War II Edit When the United States entered World War II Fort Barry on Point Bonita was reoccupied Fort Baker also hosted large numbers of troops Barracks and other housing were constructed for soldiers Few of these buildings remain 21 A major shipyard of the Bechtel Corporation called Marinship was sited along the shoreline of Sausalito The thousands of laborers who worked here were largely housed in a nearby community constructed for them called Marin City The soil which supports this area is dredgings from Richardson Bay that were placed during World War II as part of the Marin shipyards for the United States Navy 22 A total of 202 acres 0 8 km2 were condemned by the government A portion of this total area was formed in the shape of a peninsula and this peninsula became known as Schoonmaker Point In honor of the city s contribution to the war effort a Tacoma class frigate was christened the USS Sausalito PF 4 in 1943 The ship Sausalito however was not built in Sausalito but at one of the Kaiser Shipyards in Richmond California also on the San Francisco Bay The Marinship Shipyards were the site of incidents that provided a key early milestone in the civil rights movement 23 In 1944 in the case of James v Marinship the California Supreme Court held that African Americans could not be excluded from jobs based on their race even if the employer took no discriminatory actions In the case of Joseph James on whose behalf the suit was brought the local Boilermakers Union excluded Blacks from membership and had a closed shop contract forbidding the shipbuilder from employing anyone who was not a member of the union African American workers could join an auxiliary of the union which offered access to fewer jobs at lower pay Future US Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall successfully argued the case winning a ruling that the union be required to offer equal membership to African Americans The court extended the ruling to apply explicitly to all unions and all workers in California Postwar years Edit Richard Nixon campaigning for United States Senate in Sausalito in the spring of 1950 Sausalito Yacht Harbor Following World War II a lively waterfront community grew out of the abandoned shipyards By the late 1960s at least three houseboat communities occupied the waterfront along and adjacent to Sausalito s shore Beginning in the 1970s an intense struggle erupted between houseboat residents and developers dubbed the Houseboat Wars 24 Forced removals by county authorities and sabotage by some on the waterfront characterized this struggle This long fight pitted the waterfront against the Hill People the rich on the hill looking down on the waterfront Today three houseboat communities still exist Galilee Harbor in Sausalito Waldo Point Harbor and the Gates Cooperative just outside the city limit In 1965 the City of Sausalito sued the County of Marin and a private developer for illegally zoning 2 000 acres 809 ha of land to build a city named Marincello adjacent to Sausalito The city won the lawsuit in 1970 and the land was transferred as open space to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area Government EditFederal and state Edit In the United States House of Representatives Sausalito is in California s 2nd congressional district represented by Democrat Jared Huffman 25 From 2008 to 2012 Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly In the California State Legislature Sausalito is in the 10th Assembly District represented by Democrat Marc Levine 26 the 2nd Senate District represented by Democrat Mike McGuire According to the California Secretary of State as of February 10 2019 Sausalito has 5 430 registered voters Of those 2 905 53 5 are registered Democrats 677 12 5 are registered Republicans and 1 605 30 have declined to state a political party 27 Sausalito vote by party in presidential elections Year Democratic Republican2016 81 2 3 824 13 5 6362012 76 1 3 535 21 6 1 0012008 81 2 4 031 17 1 8502004 77 0 3 677 21 9 1 0462000 67 7 2 945 24 5 1 0671996 61 7 2 579 24 7 1 0341992 63 2 3 125 19 3 9531988 63 4 2 768 35 4 1 5481984 56 6 2 071 42 2 1 5421980 39 6 1 369 39 5 1 3671976 46 5 1 571 49 9 1 6861972 58 4 2 357 39 6 1 6001968 52 5 1 638 42 4 1 3221964 65 7 1 992 34 3 1 040Demographics EditHistorical populationCensus Pop 1880476 18901 334180 3 19001 62822 0 19102 38346 4 19202 79017 1 19303 66731 4 19403 540 3 5 19504 82836 4 19605 33110 4 19706 15815 5 19807 33819 2 19907 152 2 5 20007 3302 5 20107 061 3 7 2019 est 7 068 8 0 1 U S Decennial Census 28 2010 Edit The 2010 United States Census 29 reported that Sausalito had a population of 7 061 The population density was 3 128 5 people per square mile 1 207 9 km2 The racial makeup of Sausalito was 6 400 90 6 White 65 0 9 African Americans 16 0 2 Native American 342 4 8 Asian 10 0 1 Pacific Islander 53 0 8 from other races and 175 2 5 from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 287 persons 4 1 The Census reported that 99 8 of the population lived in households and 0 2 lived in non institutionalized group quarters There were 4 112 households out of which 420 10 2 had children under the age of 18 living in them 1 443 35 1 were opposite sex married couples living together 146 3 6 had a female householder with no husband present 64 1 6 had a male householder with no wife present There were 313 7 6 unmarried opposite sex partnerships and 63 1 5 same sex married couples or partnerships 1 927 households 46 9 were made up of individuals and 524 12 7 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 1 71 There were 1 653 families 40 2 of all households the average family size was 2 39 The population was spread out with 615 people 8 7 under the age of 18 159 people 2 3 aged 18 to 24 1 962 people 27 8 aged 25 to 44 2 830 people 40 1 aged 45 to 64 and 1 495 people 21 2 who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 51 1 years For every 100 females there were 90 2 males For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 89 2 males There were 4 536 housing units at an average density of 2 009 7 per square mile 776 0 km2 of which 2 088 50 8 were owner occupied and 2 024 49 2 were occupied by renters The homeowner vacancy rate was 2 1 the rental vacancy rate was 5 8 3 783 people 53 6 of the population lived in owner occupied housing units and 3 265 people 46 2 lived in rental housing units 2000 Edit Sausalito s harbor sidewalk As of the census 30 of 2000 there were 7 330 people 4 254 households and 1 663 families residing in the city The population density was 3 852 9 people per square mile 1 489 5 km2 There were 4 511 housing units at an average density of 2 371 1 per square mile 916 7 km2 The racial makeup of the city in 2010 was 87 4 non Hispanic White 0 9 non Hispanic African American 0 2 Native American 4 8 Asian 0 1 Pacific Islander 0 3 from other races and 2 2 from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4 1 of the population There were 4 254 households out of which 8 8 had children under the age of 18 living with them 33 9 were married couples living together 3 5 had a female householder with no husband present and 60 9 were non families 45 7 of all households were made up of individuals and 7 8 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 1 72 and the average family size was 2 34 In the city the population was spread out with 7 4 under the age of 18 2 4 from 18 to 24 39 5 from 25 to 44 38 5 from 45 to 64 and 12 3 who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 45 years For every 100 females there were 93 5 males For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 93 8 males The median income for a household in the city was 87 469 and the median income for a family was 123 467 Males had a median income of 90 680 versus 56 576 for females The per capita income for the city was 81 040 About 2 0 of families and 5 1 of the population were below the poverty line including 5 1 of those under age 18 and 5 5 of those age 65 or over Sister cities EditSausalito has three sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International Vina del Mar Chile Sakaide Kagawa Japan Cascais Portugal Sakaide is near the Seto Ohashi Bridge on the north coast of the island of Shikoku in Japan established in 1988 The primary program is a youth cultural exchange program Vina del Mar is located on the coast of Chile not far from Santiago established 1960 The relationship features a Sausalito Stadium and a Sausalito Lagoon Conversely Sausalito s main plaza is named Vina del Mar in honor of the Chilean city The primary program is 777 7 women 7 days 7 dreams an entrepreneurial training for Chilean Woman in Sausalito Cascais is the newest sister city This relationship was established in 2013 The primary program is a youth sailing exchange between Cascais and Sausalito Clube Naval and the Sausalito Yacht Club Service organizations and clubs Edit Sausalito Yacht Club founded in 1942 Aerial view of the Sausalito Yacht Harbor Service organizations in Sausalito include the Lions Club Rotary Club Sausalito Woman s Club Sausalito Historical Society the Sausalito Library Foundation Friends of the Sausalito Library Sausalito Art Festival Foundation the Sausalito on the Waterfront Foundation and Richardson s Bay Maritime Association Clubs include the Sausalito Yacht Club Presidio Yacht Club and the Sausalito Cruising Club The Sausalito on the Waterfront Foundation incorporated in May 2009 is a non profit California public benefit corporation Its mission is to educate the public on the history of the Sausalito waterfront and environmental issues related to San Francisco Bay perpetuate life on San Francisco Bay and waterfront sponsor boating activities and community events and provide educational scholarships and support to other non profit organizations 31 Some activities of the foundation include the Sausalito Lighted Boat Parade and Fireworks Opening Day on the Bay celebration Youth Sailing Program Burning Woman Artists Waterfront Exhibit Kids Waterfront Day in the Park and Jazz amp Blues On the Waterfront The Sausalito Yacht Harbor has slips for 600 vessels and is the southernmost harbor in Sausalito adjacent to the central downtown area Tourism Edit Aerial view of the ferry docking at Sausalito Due to its location at the north end of the Golden Gate Bridge Sausalito receives a steady stream of visitors via the bridge auto and bicycle traffic and a ferry service from San Francisco It retains one of the few ungated marinas in the Bay Area that attracts visitors Media EditFor several decades Sausalito had a local newspaper called the MarinScope 32 owned at times by Paul and Billy Anderson and Vijay Mallya However as of 2018 the newspaper had ceased publication Sausalito retains a small radio station founded by Jonathan Westerling Radio Sausalito 1610 AM which also serves as the city s Emergency Broadcasting System The city s primary websites are the city s official site ci Sausalito ca us 33 the Chamber of Commerce sausalito org 34 a reference site oursausalito com 35 and a guide for locals and visitors to the area Sausalito com 36 Education EditSausalito is served by the Sausalito Marin City School District for primary school and the Tamalpais Union High School District for secondary school 37 Residents have two public schools to choose from the K 8 public school Bayside Martin Luther King Jr Academy in Marin City or the K 8 charter school Willow Creek Academy in Sausalito 38 There are two private elementary schools that have been recently established in Sausalito The K 12 Waldorf style New Village School and PreK 5 campus of the Lycee Francais de San Francisco High schoolers in public school attend Tamalpais High School in Mill Valley 37 Sausalito City Hall houses the Sausalito Public Library 39 Parks and recreation Edit Gabrielson Memorial Park The public parks in Sausalito include Cazneau Playground Cloud View Park Dunphy Park Gabrielson Park Harrison Playground Martin Luther King Park and Dog Park Langendorf Park Marinship Park South View Park Robin Sweeny Park Tiffany Park Vina del Mar Plaza and Yee Tock Chee Park The public beaches include Schoonmaker Beach Swede s Beach and Tiffany Beach Sausalito also has a municipal fishing pier and the Turney Street Boat Ramp A club house game room and an exercise room are located in the city hall 40 Houseboats Edit Sausalito houseboats The Sausalito houseboat community consists of more than 400 houseboats of various shapes sizes and values along the north end of town approximately two miles from downtown 41 While some of these are technically outside the Sausalito city limits they are generally acknowledged as forming an integral part of the Sausalito community The roots of the houseboat community lie in the re use of abandoned boats and material after the de commissioning of the Marinship shipyards at the end of World War II Many anchor outs came to the area which created problems with sanitation and other issues After a series of tense confrontations in the 1970s and 1980s additional regulations were applied to the area and the great majority of boats were relocated to approved docks From 77 boats in the water in 1977 there were about 18 boats left in 2019 Several are architect designed pieces that have been featured in major magazines The Gates Co op Houseboat Community remains to this day although recent action has required them to fit city standards of sanitation and building codes The humming toadfish makes mating noises underwater keeping some residents awake at night 42 43 44 45 46 47 Notable people EditMain article List of people from Marin County California The following is a list of notable residents of Sausalito past and present Past Edit Leon Adams wine writer and author of Wines of America lived in Sausalito until his death 48 Enid Foster American artist sculptor playwright art community leader 49 Phil Frank cartoonist of Farley comic strip in the San Francisco Chronicle Headed up clarification needed placing the Marinship exhibit in the Bay Model and setting up the exhibits in the Ice House Visitor Center Sterling Hayden American film actor and sailor Tim Lincecum San Francisco Giants pitcher 50 Baby Face Nelson American gangster of the 1920s 51 Frederick O Brien American writer of travel books about Pacific islands 52 Harry Partch American composer and creator of musical instruments set up a studio in an abandoned Sausalito shipyard in 1953 53 Otis Redding musician wrote Sittin On The Dock of the Bay while staying on a houseboat at Waldo Point in Sausalito in 1967 54 Sally Stanford former Sausalito City Council member and mayor founder of the restaurant Valhalla ran a well known brothel at 1144 Pine Street in San Francisco 55 Alan Watts 20th century philosopher 56 The Sausalito Library owns a permanent collection of all available audio cassettes of Watts spoken words 57 Present day Edit Isabelle Allende author 58 Dave Eggers author and philanthropist Neal Gottlieb ice cream entrepreneur and Survivor Kaoh Rong contestant 59 Joanie Greggains fitness influence and media figure former KGO radio host Vijay Mallya Indian liquor magnate 60 Jason Roberts author and technologist 61 Amy Tan author 62 Chase Utley Major League Baseball playerIndustry Edit Sausalito yacht harbor in 2011 The Spaulding Wooden Boat Center in 2007 Heath Ceramics founded by mid century modern ceramicist Edith Heath has been operating in Sausalito since 1948 From 1972 to 2008 the Record Plant recording studio operated from a 10 000 square foot complex on the Sausalito waterfront The hundreds of albums recorded there include Fleetwood Mac s Rumours Stevie Wonder s Songs in the Key of Life and Heart s eponymous debut In addition to Marinship which built ships during World War II Sausalito has a long history of boatbuilding These boatyards specialized in a variety of vessels including fishing and other work boats government contract vessels and recreational yachts Many boatyards came and went in Sausalito in the late 19th century and early 20th century including G Smith Brixen and Manfrey the California Launch Building Company the Reliance Boat Company Nunes Brothers Manuel and Antonio Atlantic Boatbuilding Plant Crichton and Arques Sausalito Shipbuilding Madden and Lewis Company Menotti Pasquinucci and Bob s Boatyard After World War II the best known yards are or were Spaulding Boatworks Bob s Boatyard Easom Boatworks Sausalito Marine Bayside Boatworks Richardson Bay Boat the Boatbuilders Co op and Anderson s Boat Yard 63 The Spaulding Boatworks was founded in 1951 by Myron Spaulding and has been in continuous operation since then It is one of the last remaining wooden boat yards on the West Coast Today the Spaulding Wooden Boat Center is a working and living museum with a mission to restore and return to active use significant historic wooden sailing vessels preserve and enhance its working boatyard create a place where people can gather to use enjoy and learn about wooden boats and educate others about wooden boat building skills traditions and values Mason s Distillery 64 acquired by the American Distilling Company in 1933 manufactured and distributed various brands of whiskey including Bourbon Supreme The distillery was destroyed by fire on May 4 1963 the site is now the location of Whiskey Springs condominiums The Southern Pacific ferryboat Berkeley was docked in Sausalito for several years during the 1960s after being taken out of service It was subsequently towed to San Diego where it was restored and is a tourist attraction The bakery Pepperidge Farm which markets The American Collection line of cookies named after various notable locales Chesapeake Nantucket Tahoe has given the name Sausalito to their milk chocolate macadamia nut combo It is not manufactured in the city As of 2011 the company maintains a registered trademark on the name Sausalito 65 In popular culture EditFilm television and video games Edit The 1978 film Invasion of the Body Snatchers by Philip Kaufman has a scene in front of the Health Department of San Francisco where alien pods are distributed A speaker says You are in the right place for Sausalito Please keep moving right along Sausalito only please The 1978 film The Manitou by William Girdler mentions doctor of anthropology Dr Snow played by Burgess Meredith as living in Sausalito where main characters meet him A section of the 1892 novel The Wrecker by Robert Louis Stevenson and Lloyd Osborn is set in Sausalito The opening of The Sea Wolf by Jack London is set on a ferryboat travelling from Sausalito to San Francisco It is believed that London stayed for a time in Sausalito while he was writing the novel Scenes in the 1947 film The Lady from Shanghai directed by Orson Welles take place on the Sausalito waterfront The 1949 film Impact directed by Arthur Lubin features downtown Sausalito in its opening scenes In Jack Kerouac s On the Road Sausalito is mentioned as a little fishing village and a joke is made about it being filled with Italians Many scenes in the 1965 film Dear Brigitte with James Stewart Glynis Johns Ed Wynn Bill Mumy and Fabian Forte were filmed on the Sausalito shores of Richardson Bay The 1968 film Petulia has Richard Chamberlain fishing Julie Christie out of the water at the foot of Johnson Street Potted trees and other shrubbery situated as set decorations on the adjacent docks were left in place after filming had ended M A S H fictional character B J Hunnicutt was portrayed as having completed his medical residency in Sausalito an impossibility as the town has never had a hospital His peacetime address is in Mill Valley the town adjacent to Sausalito He also mentions several times going to a nice restaurant in Sausalito with his wife Peg A scene from the 1972 movie Play It Again Sam was shot using interiors of the Trident restaurant and exteriors of the Spinnaker restaurant in Sausalito In the film actors Woody Allen and Tony Roberts are seen entering the Spinnaker restaurant with the ferryboat Berkeley then tied up in Sausalito with the retail emporium Trade Fair in the background The scene then cuts to the interior of the Trident In the 1978 comic farce mystery detective thriller Foul Play Gloria Mundy played by Goldie Hawn comes under the protection of San Francisco detective Lt Tony Carlson played by Chevy Chase who brings her to his houseboat in Sausalito In the 1978 novel The House of God the intern Hooper hails from Sausalito In Star Trek IV The Voyage Home the fictional Cetacean Institute is in Sausalito Although several scenes took place there no filming was done in Sausalito itself The actual filming location for the fictional institute was the Monterey Bay Aquarium in Monterey California Craig Thomas set the home of Alan Aubrey in Sausalito in his 1990 thriller The Last Raven Albert Brooks Mother 1996 employs the town as the setting for its story which features several shots of Sausalito throughout In David Fincher s 1997 film The Game set in San Francisco Nicholas Van Orton s Michael Douglas ex wife lives in Sausalito Sausalito is the English title of a 2000 Hong Kong film directed by Lau Wai Keung starring Maggie Cheung In the television series Star Trek Enterprise a Vulcan compound is based in Sausalito although it is not depicted Fort Baker which borders Sausalito is shown and has become the site of Starfleet Headquarters In Rise of the Federation Uncertain Logic set in 2165 Admiral Jonathan Archer lives in a houseboat in Sausalito In Sofia Coppola s 2003 film Lost in Translation a jazz band called Sausalito performs at the Park Hyatt Bar In the 2005 video game Grand Theft Auto San Andreas there is a town based on Sausalito named Bayside Judd Apatow s 2009 dramedy Funny People uses Sausalito as the backdrop for the film s third act where Leslie Mann and Eric Bana s characters live with their family 2010 racing video game Blur featured a track ostensibly set in Sausalito although the game track does not resemble the actual landscape The 2012 ABC series Red Widow was based in Sausalito However it was actually filmed in Vancouver British Columbia Canada The series main stars were Radha Mitchell and Goran Visnjic Sausalito is one of the districts in the 2016 video game Watch Dogs 2 In the 2021 film The Addams Family 2 the family vists SausalitoMusic Edit This section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed July 2007 Learn how and when to remove this template message Sittin On The Dock of the Bay by Otis Redding was written by the R amp B singer in 1967 as he sat on a rented houseboat docked at Waldo Point in Sausalito 66 Though it may be the most famous musical reference to Sausalito s geography it remains an oblique one as the city is not specifically named Sausilito a top ten hit for Netherlands duo Rosy amp Andres in 1975 Sausalito Dead Fish band Vitoria 2015 Head Like a Rock Ian McNabb 1994 Postcard Roddy Frame Seven Dials 2014 Jack Kerouac Brooke Fraser Flags 2010 Sausalito George Duke Duke 2005 Sausalito The Governor s Song Bobby Darin 1969 Sausalito Summernight Diesel 1980 1981 25 Billboard 67 1 in Canada 68 Samba de Sausalito Santana Welcome 1973 album Mr Don The Disco Biscuits Sausalito Grover Washington Jr Grover Washington Live in Concert 1977 Sausalito is the Place to Go Ohio Express Best of Ohio Express Sausalito Conor Oberst Conor Oberst 2008 One Way Ticket by Mimi and Richard Farina in Celebrations for a Grey Day Sausalito Los Abatidos Los Abatidos 1999 Let It Flow Sausalito Calling Camelle Hinds Soul Degrees 1996 Sausalito in the Summertime Benita Hill 69 Real Emotional Trash Stephen Malkmus and the Jicks Real Emotional Trash 2008 Don t Let Up Night Ranger Don t Let Up 2017 Sausalito Larry June Very Peaceful 2017 6am in Sausalito Larry June Orange Print 2021See also Edit Geography portal North America portal United States portal California portal San Francisco Bay Area portal List of cities and towns in California List of cities and towns in the San Francisco Bay AreaReferences Edit California Cities by Incorporation Date California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions Archived from the original Word on November 3 2014 Retrieved August 25 2014 City Council Sausalito CA Retrieved August 22 2017 a b Statewide Database UC Regents Archived from the original on February 1 2015 Retrieved December 30 2014 California s 2nd Congressional District Representatives amp District Map Civic Impulse LLC Retrieved March 8 2013 2019 U S Gazetteer Files United States Census Bureau Retrieved July 1 2020 a b c Sausalito Geographic Names Information System United States Geological Survey Retrieved January 8 2015 Sausalito city QuickFacts United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 9 2015 a b Population and Housing Unit Estimates United States Census Bureau May 24 2020 Retrieved May 27 2020 a b c Durham David L 1998 California s Geographic Names A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State Clovis Calif Word Dancer Press p 699 ISBN 1 884995 14 4 Review Roaring Camp The Social World of the California Gold Rush American Scholar 1 January 2000 p 142 Vol 69 No 1 ISSN 0003 0937 a b Robert Ryal Miller Captain Richardson Mariner Ranchero and Founder of San Francisco Berkeley La Loma Press 1995 Call number at SSU Regional Room F869 S353 R546 1995 Greg Lucas Chronicle Sacramento Bureau June 15 2006 Now houseboats not really sunk Assembly bill seeks to legalize mooring on public property San Francisco Chronicle June 15 2006 Sfgate com Retrieved June 25 2012 Greg Lucas Chronicle Sacramento Bureau June 15 2006 op cit San Francisco Chronicle June 15 2006 Sfgate com Retrieved June 25 2012 Average weather for Sausalito Weather Channel Retrieved 2012 12 22 Peterson Bonnie J 1976 Dawn of the World Coast Miwok Myths ISBN 0 912908 04 1 National Park Service 2005 Cultural Landscape Report for Fort Baker Golden Gate National Recreation Area a b Tracy Jack Sausalito Moments in Time A Pictorial History of Sausalito 1850 1950 Sausalito Windgate Press 1983 ISBN 0 915269 00 7 Tracy Jack Sausalito Moments in Time Sausalito California Windgate Press 1983 http webbie1 sfpl org multimedia sfphotos AAC 2256 jpg SF Chronicle December 5 2008 pp A1 A20 full citation needed Historic California Posts Fort Barry Militarymuseum org Retrieved June 25 2012 Soils testing results for the Liberty Shipbuilding site Sausalito California EMI report 7291W2 City of Sausalito Community Development Department November 1989 The decision was an important victory in the fight to end segregation in the work place and the fight for civil rights for all workers regardless of color BlackPast org accessed April 29 2010 Blackpast org January 24 2007 Retrieved June 25 2012 Larry Clinton August 2001 A Short History of Liveaboards on the Bay Bay Crossings Archived from the original on August 19 2018 California s 2nd Congressional District Representatives amp District Map Civic Impulse LLC Retrieved March 1 2013 Members Assembly CA Secretary of State Report of Registration February 10 2019 PDF ca gov Retrieved March 12 2019 Census of Population and Housing Census gov Retrieved June 4 2015 2010 Census Interactive Population Search CA Sausalito city U S Census Bureau Archived from the original on July 15 2014 Retrieved July 12 2014 U S Census website United States Census Bureau Retrieved January 31 2008 Sausalito on the Waterfront Foundation Purposes Articles of Incorporation Section 2 May 29 2009 Marinscope Newspapers gt Front Marinscope com Retrieved June 25 2012 City of Sausalito Home Ci sausalito ca us May 18 2012 Retrieved June 25 2012 Visit Sausalito CA Sausalito Chamber of Commerce Sausalito org May 11 2012 Retrieved June 25 2012 Our Sausalito com Our Sausalito com Retrieved June 25 2012 Sausalito California Hotels Restaurants Real Estate Shopping Sausalito com Retrieved June 25 2012 a b SCHOOLS in the Tamalpais Union High School District and communities served Archived August 26 2009 at the Wayback Machine Tamalpais Union High School District Retrieved on April 1 2010 K 8 Comprehensive Education Program School Archive Sausalito Marin City School District Retrieved on February 3 2013 Hours and Directions Sausalito Public Library Retrieved on January 26 2017 Parks amp Facilities City of Sausalito Retrieved on February 4 2013 Kristine M Carber October 4 2003 Floating Through Life Sausalito houseboat community will show off its one of a kind dwellings on Sunday San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved June 25 2012 Hum along with male plainfin midshipman fish Morning Edition National Public Radio July 29 2009 Bishop K Sausalito Journal Voice of the turtle No toadfish love song The New York Times June 26 1989 Sounds of the Plainfin Midshipman Underwater Sound from the RTC Pier Underwater Acoustics Research Group San Francisco State University Perlman D Hormones fine tune the humming toadfish High levels of estrogen found in the most responsive females San Francisco Chronicle July 19 2004 Toadfish s steamy love life is revealed Singing fish sometimes let meek males join a menage a trois San Francisco Chronicle The humming toadfish story Goldberg Howard G September 16 1995 Leon Adams Wine Expert And Writer 90 Obituaries The New York Times Retrieved November 24 2011 Hayes Allan and Carol 2019 Enid Foster 1895 1979 Artist Sculptor Poet Playwright Creative Force Ringleader Cultural Icon Petaluma CA Roundtree Press ISBN 9781949480023 Lee Henry K Wildermuth John October 7 2011 Lincecum trashed S F townhouse suit claims The San Francisco Chronicle SF Chronicle Dec 5 2008 p A20 full citation needed Geiger Jeffrey 2007 Facing the Pacific Honolulu University of Hawaii Press pp 74 117 Partch Harry 2000 McGeary Thomas ed Bitter Music Collected Journals Essays Introductions and Librettos University of Illinois Press p xxi ISBN 978 0 252 06913 0 San Francisco Chronicle February 4 2009 p E3 full citation needed Profile of life history of Sally Stanford Mistersf com Retrieved June 25 2012 Charters Ann ed The Portable Beat Reader Penguin Books New York 1992 ISBN 0 670 83885 3 City of Sausalito Alan Watts Audio Cassette Collection Ci sausalito ca us April 28 2011 Retrieved June 25 2012 Isabel Allende Fanmail biz Retrieved January 2 2017 Neal Gottlieb Survivor Cast Member retrieved July 27 2020 Fost Dan June 24 2011 Vijay Mallya is not your typical brewer Owner of Mendocino Brewing Co is a member of India s Parliament and more The San Francisco Chronicle Brief Bio Jason Roberts Archived from the original on February 6 2012 Retrieved January 2 2017 Amy Tan on Joy and Luck at Home Wall Street Journal July 30 2014 Retrieved January 2 2017 Sausalito Historical Society Sausalito Images of America San Francisco Arcadia Publishing 2005 ISBN 0 7385 3036 0 Mason Distillery Search Term Record Sausalito Historical Society Sausalito Milk Chocolate Macadamia Our products Pepperidge Farm Archived from the original on June 1 2012 Bowman Rob 2007 Liner Notes for Dreams to Remember The Otis Redding Story DVD Beverly Hills CA Reelin in the Years Productions Concord Music Group Diesel Billboard Hot 100 History Billboard com Retrieved March 17 2021 RPM Weekly Week of September 5 1981 RPM Top 50 Singles bac lac gc ca Retrieved March 17 2021 Sausalito in the Summertime Benita Hill MP3 Downloads Amazon Retrieved June 25 2012 Further reading EditTracy Jack Sausalito Moments in Time A Pictorial History of Sausalito 1850 1950 Sausalito Windgate Press 1983 ISBN 0 915269 00 7 Sausalito Historical Society Sausalito Images of America San Francisco Arcadia Publishing 2005 ISBN 0 7385 3036 0 External links EditOfficial website Sausalito Chamber of CommerceWikivoyage has a travel guide for Sausalito Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sausalito California Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sausalito California amp oldid 1053963997, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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