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Savo Island

This article is about the geographic location. For the World War II naval battle, see Battle of Savo Island. For the United States Navy escort carrier, see USS Savo Island (CVE-78).

Savo Island is an island in Solomon Islands in the southwest South Pacific ocean. Administratively, Savo Island is a part of the Central Province of the Solomon Islands. It is about 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the capital Honiara. The principal village is Alialia, in the north of the island.

Savo
Landsat view of Savo island
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates9°8′0″S159°49′0″E /9.13333°S 159.81667°E /-9.13333; 159.81667Coordinates: 9°8′0″S159°49′0″E /9.13333°S 159.81667°E /-9.13333; 159.81667
ArchipelagoSolomon Islands
Total islands1
Area31 km2 (12 sq mi)
Length7.2 km (4.47 mi)
Width6 km (3.7 mi)
Highest elevation485 m (1591 ft)
Highest pointMount Savo
Administration
Solomon Islands
ProvinceCentral Province
Largest settlementAlialia
Demographics
Population3137 (2009-11-23)
Topographic map of Savo Island (1968), with heights in meters

The indigenous language of Savo is the Savosavo language, an East Papuan language. Savo Island also has a minority of Gela speakers.

The waters surrounding the island were the site of five of the seven major naval battles during the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Pacific War. As a result of these battles southeast of the island are many shipwrecks, the bay is known as Ironbottom Sound. The wrecks near the coast are very popular with wreck divers.

Contents

Savo is approximately circular, measuring approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) by 7 kilometres (4.3 mi). It is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) northeast of Cape Esperance, the northern tip of Guadalcanal. The highest elevation is a 485 metres (1,591 ft) stratovolcano, which last erupted between 1835 and 1847. The eruption was so strong that it wiped out all life on the island. An older eruption occurred in 1568. According to the World Organization of Volcanic Observatories (WOVO), the volcano is active every 100 to 300 years. On the island are geysers, hot mud lakes and hot springs.

The "egg fields"

Savo Island is known for the "egg fields" of the megapode, a bird which lays its eggs here and buries them in the warm sand to incubate. The eggs are excavated by local people and are considered a local food specialty. The eggs are slightly larger than a duck egg and are used for preparing omelettes and other dishes.

European discovery and exploration

The first recorded sighting of Savo Island by European explorers was by the Spanish expedition of Álvaro de Mendaña in April 1568. More precisely the sighting was due to a local exploration voyage done by a small boat, in the accounts the brigantine, commanded by Maestre de Campo Pedro de Ortega Valencia and having Hernán Gallego as pilot. They charted the volcanic island as Sesarga. Considering the expedition leaders Mendaña and cosmographer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa were both from Galicia in Spain it was probably so named after the island of the same name in this region.

On 15 March 1893 Savo Island was declared part of the British Solomon Islands protectorate. The island was occupied by the Empire of Japan in the early stages of the Pacific War.

World War II

Because of its proximity to Guadalcanal Island and the hotly contested nature of the battles for control of the Solomon Islands, Savo Island figured in many of the naval engagements of the Solomon Islands campaign. It is most well known as the location of several naval battles fought in the adjacent "Ironbottom Sound" during World War II, between the Allied naval forces and the Imperial Japanese Navy.

Destroyers removing crew from HMAS Canberra after the Battle of Savo Island, 9 August 1942. USS Blue is alongside Canberra's port bow, as USS Patterson approaches from astern.

List of World War II naval battles fought in the vicinity of Savo Island:

Since 1978, the island has been part of the independent state of the Solomon Islands.

  1. David Harcombe: Solomon Islands. a travel survival kit. Lonely Planet, 1988, S. 104: Alialia ... is the island's main centre.
  2. Stebbins, Tonya; Evans, Bethwyn; Terrill, Angela (2018). "The Papuan languages of Island Melanesia". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 775–894. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  3. "Savo". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved26 February 2010.
  4. "Volcanoes of the Solomon Islands". Retrieved24 October 2012.
  5. Theroux, Paul (1992).The happy isles of Oceania. USA: Ballantine Books. pp. Chapter 9, "The Solomons: in the egg fields of Savo island", pag. 164–185. ISBN 0-449-90858-5.
  6. Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford, 1960, pp.44,45.
  7. Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p.133.

Savo Island
Savo Island Language Watch Edit This article is about the geographic location For the World War II naval battle see Battle of Savo Island For the United States Navy escort carrier see USS Savo Island CVE 78 Savo Island is an island in Solomon Islands in the southwest South Pacific ocean Administratively Savo Island is a part of the Central Province of the Solomon Islands It is about 35 kilometres 22 mi from the capital Honiara The principal village is Alialia in the north of the island 1 SavoLandsat view of Savo islandGeographyLocationPacific OceanCoordinates9 8 0 S 159 49 0 E 9 13333 S 159 81667 E 9 13333 159 81667 Coordinates 9 8 0 S 159 49 0 E 9 13333 S 159 81667 E 9 13333 159 81667ArchipelagoSolomon IslandsTotal islands1Area31 km2 12 sq mi Length7 2 km 4 47 mi Width6 km 3 7 mi Highest elevation485 m 1591 ft Highest pointMount SavoAdministrationSolomon IslandsProvinceCentral ProvinceLargest settlementAlialiaDemographicsPopulation3137 2009 11 23 Topographic map of Savo Island 1968 with heights in meters The indigenous language of Savo is the Savosavo language an East Papuan language Savo Island also has a minority of Gela speakers 2 The waters surrounding the island were the site of five of the seven major naval battles during the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Pacific War As a result of these battles southeast of the island are many shipwrecks the bay is known as Ironbottom Sound The wrecks near the coast are very popular with wreck divers Contents 1 Geography 1 1 The egg fields 2 History 2 1 European discovery and exploration 2 2 World War II 3 See also 4 ReferencesGeography EditSavo is approximately circular measuring approximately 6 kilometres 3 7 mi by 7 kilometres 4 3 mi It is located 15 kilometres 9 3 mi northeast of Cape Esperance the northern tip of Guadalcanal The highest elevation is a 485 metres 1 591 ft stratovolcano which last erupted between 1835 and 1847 3 The eruption was so strong that it wiped out all life on the island An older eruption occurred in 1568 According to the World Organization of Volcanic Observatories WOVO the volcano is active every 100 to 300 years On the island are geysers hot mud lakes and hot springs 4 The egg fields Edit Savo Island is known for the egg fields of the megapode a bird which lays its eggs here and buries them in the warm sand to incubate The eggs are excavated by local people and are considered a local food specialty The eggs are slightly larger than a duck egg and are used for preparing omelettes and other dishes 5 History EditEuropean discovery and exploration Edit The first recorded sighting of Savo Island by European explorers was by the Spanish expedition of Alvaro de Mendana in April 1568 More precisely the sighting was due to a local exploration voyage done by a small boat in the accounts the brigantine commanded by Maestre de Campo Pedro de Ortega Valencia and having Hernan Gallego as pilot They charted the volcanic island as Sesarga Considering the expedition leaders Mendana and cosmographer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa were both from Galicia in Spain it was probably so named after the island of the same name in this region 6 7 On 15 March 1893 Savo Island was declared part of the British Solomon Islands protectorate The island was occupied by the Empire of Japan in the early stages of the Pacific War World War II Edit Because of its proximity to Guadalcanal Island and the hotly contested nature of the battles for control of the Solomon Islands Savo Island figured in many of the naval engagements of the Solomon Islands campaign It is most well known as the location of several naval battles fought in the adjacent Ironbottom Sound during World War II between the Allied naval forces and the Imperial Japanese Navy Destroyers removing crew from HMAS Canberra after the Battle of Savo Island 9 August 1942 USS Blue is alongside Canberra s port bow as USS Patterson approaches from astern List of World War II naval battles fought in the vicinity of Savo Island Battle of Savo Island 9 August 1942 Battle of Cape Esperance originally known as the Second Battle of Savo Island 11 12 October 1942 Naval Battle of Guadalcanal 13 15 November 1942 Battle of Tassafaronga 30 November 1942 Since 1978 the island has been part of the independent state of the Solomon Islands See also EditList of volcanoes in the Solomon Islands Geography of the Solomon Islands History of the Solomon IslandsReferences Edit David Harcombe Solomon Islands a travel survival kit Lonely Planet 1988 S 104 Alialia is the island s main centre Stebbins Tonya Evans Bethwyn Terrill Angela 2018 The Papuan languages of Island Melanesia In Palmer Bill ed The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area A Comprehensive Guide The World of Linguistics 4 Berlin De Gruyter Mouton pp 775 894 ISBN 978 3 11 028642 7 Savo Global Volcanism Program Smithsonian Institution Retrieved 26 February 2010 Volcanoes of the Solomon Islands Retrieved 24 October 2012 Theroux Paul 1992 The happy isles of Oceania USA Ballantine Books pp Chapter 9 The Solomons in the egg fields of Savo island pag 164 185 ISBN 0 449 90858 5 Sharp Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford 1960 pp 44 45 Brand Donald D The Pacific Basin A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society New York 1967 p 133 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Savo Island amp oldid 1039816572, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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