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Saxon Switzerland

This article is about the region in Germany. For the district with the same name in German, see Sächsische Schweiz. For the village in Switzerland, see Saxon, Switzerland.

Saxon Switzerland (German: Sächsische Schweiz) is a hilly climbing area and national park around the Elbe valley south-east of Dresden in Saxony, Germany. Together with the Bohemian Switzerland in the Czech Republic it forms the Elbe Sandstone Mountains.

Saxon Switzerland
View of the Lilienstein in Saxon Switzerland
Native nameSächsische Schweiz
Natural regionElbe Sandstone Mountains
Natural region characteristics
Landscape typeLandscape
Highest pointGroßer Zschirnstein (562 m)
SettlementsPirna, Bad Schandau, Sebnitz, Rathen
County/DistrictSächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
State(s)Saxony
CountryGermany
Bastei bridge in Saxon Switzerland
Sunset in Saxon Switzerland from the top of the Papststein. The three large hills are Gohrisch (l), the Königstein Fortress (c) and the Lilienstein (r).
Physical map of Saxon Switzerland
The Lilienstein at dusk

Saxon Switzerland alone has some 1,000 climbing peaks, as well as several hollows. The area is popular with local and international climbers.

The administrative district for the area is Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge. The fortress of Königstein is a well-known landmark.

Contents

The German name for Saxon Switzerland, Sächsische Schweiz, appeared in the 18th century. Two Swiss artists, Adrian Zingg and Anton Graff, were appointed in 1766 to the Dresden Academy of Art.

From their new, adopted home they look eastwards and saw, about a day's walk away, a hill range. It had a strange, flattish profile, without any actual summits […]

according to Lothar Kempe

They felt the landscape was reminiscent of their homeland, the Swiss Jura, and reported in their exchange of letters on the difference between their homeland and "Saxon Switzerland". Previously, the Saxon part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains had merely been referred to as the Meissen Highlands (Meißner Hochland), Meissen Oberland (Meißen Oberland) or Heath above Schandau (Heide über Schandau).

The description became popular through the publication of the name by Wilhelm Lebrecht Götzinger. In his books he described the area as Saxon Switzerland and made the term known to a wide audience.

In English the usual translation is "Saxon Switzerland". However other sources call it "Saxony Switzerland" or even "Swiss Saxony".

View from Carolafelsen into the Elbe sandstone mountain ranges

To the east, Saxon Switzerland transitions into the Lusatian Highlands and, to the west, into the Ore Mountains. The adjacent Czech part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains is known as the Bohemian Switzerland. The highest elevation in Saxon Switzerland is the Großer Zschirnstein at 562 m above sea level.

Natural region classification

In the classification of natural regions by Emil Meynen, Saxon Switzerland was a major unit (430) within the Saxon-Bohemian Chalk Sandstone Region (main unit group 43), whose only other major unit on German soil was the Zittau Mountains. The boundary between the two mountain ranges, the Elbe Sandstone Mountains and the Lusatian Mountains, is located on Czech territory, which is why these natural regions are geographically separated from one another.

The Ecosystem and Regional Character working group of the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig has now, at the beginning of the 21st century, grouped all ranges in the Saxon-Bohemian border region into the super unit Saxon Highlands and Uplands (Sächsisches Bergland und Mittelgebirge). The Lusatian Mountains between Saxon Switzerland and the Zittau Mountains also belong to it, whereas Meynen had grouped it with the loess hill country to the north and east into the major unit of Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz); to the west the new super unit is continued by the main unit groups of the Ore Mountains and Vogtland.

Geological formation

See Elbe Sandstone Mountains (Geology section)

Hills

As a rule, two types of hill may be distinguished.

Numerous rock formations in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, in both Saxon Switzerland and Bohemian Switzerland, are known locally in this region as Steine ("rocks"). Prominent examples are the Königstein, the Lilienstein, the Gohrisch and the Papststein. This description does not, however, include the dome-shaped Kuppen such as the Waitzdorfer Höhe or the Großer Winterberg, whose bedrock is made of volcanic basalt or granitic material.

The Cretaceous sandstone formations soar above the so-called "levels" of their surrounding area, the former level of the River Elbe, and represent the remains of an old peneplain. In the course of the Late Tertiary, uplifting of the Ore Mountains and sideways pressure from the Lusatian Highlands shattered the sandstone plate along lines that intersected like a grid and this, combined with the simultaneously increasing stream velocity of the Elbe and regressive erosion in its side valleys, offered new lines of attack and new routes for the destructive power of water. Initially the larger table hills (Lilienstein), or those already deeply fissured like Zirkelstein, Kaiserkrone or already forested (Kohlbornstein), remained, but these too broke up later as a result of erosive destruction into long ridges (Schrammsteine) or even into individual rock pinnacles (Torwächter). Morphologically harder sections of strata, that resisted karstification longer and more successfully, generally form the uppermost layers. The collapse of rock structures is usually therefore a result of erosion from below or from the flanks.

The Bastei ca. 1900
View from the Winterberg ca. 1850

During the Dark Ages, the region was settled by Slavs and was part of the Kingdom of Bohemia during the Middle Ages. About 1000 years ago Bohemian-Saxon Switzerland was the borderland of three Slavic tribes. The Nisane tribe (east of the Elbe from Dresden to Pirna), the Milzane tribe (from today's Upper Lusatia) and in the south the Dacine tribe shaped the political and economic landscape at that time.

It was not until the 15th century that the area now called Saxon Switzerland came under Saxon hegemony when it became part of the Margraviate of Meissen with boundaries roughly corresponding to those of today.

The development of the area for tourism began in earnest in the 19th century. This was greatly helped by the building of one of the first trolleybus lines in the world: the Biela Valley Trolleybus, which was in operation from 1901 to 1904 and was operated from Königstein.

Romantic artists were inspired by the beauty of wilderness, like the painter Ludwig Richter or the composer Carl Maria von Weber, who set his famous opera Der Freischütz with its Wolfsschlucht ("Wolf's Gorge") scene set near the town of Rathen.

In the Nazi era the description of German territories as Schweiz ("Switzerland") was officially banned. For that reason, with effect from 19 October 1938, the official term "Sächsische Schweiz" was replaced by "Amtshauptmannschaft Pirna" and from January 1939 by "Kreis Pirna" in the names of the local places of Königstein, Obervogelgesang, Ottendorf, Porschdorf, Rathen, Rathewalde, Rathmannsdorf and Reinhardtsdorf.

Medieval castles

When Germans began to settle in the 13th century, there was a systematic banishment of Bohemian influence and numerous local military conflicts erupted around strategically important fortifications. These fortifications primarily serve to protect the border and trading routes. Due to a lack of central power this protective function was left to local knights. The progressive division of the area due to the hereditary distribution of estates upset the economic balance of the region and many castles degenerated into bases for robber barons.

Not until the middle of the 16th century, when the Wettins captured many of the castles did the situation stabilise. Today, these the castles and ruins, some of which are well preserved, are popular with tourists, who make their way to these sites up steep climbing paths.

These castles include:

Saxony: Hohnstein, Hockstein, Neurathen, Altrathen, Königstein, Lilienstein, Falkenstein, Frienstein, Rauschenstein

Bohemia: Schauenstein, Falkenstein, Kreibitzer Burg, Tollenstein, Khaaer Burg, Schönbuche

View of the Elbe near Rathen

In September 1990, even before the reunification of Germany, a national park was created in Saxon Switzerland in order to protect the unique natural character of the hill range. The 93 km2 area covers two physically separate regions: one near Rathen – the region of the Bastei, Polenz valley, Brand and Uttewalder Grund – and the other embracing the whole Saxon Switzerland Hinterland (Hintere Sächsische Schweiz) between the Elbe and the state border with the Czech Republic and including the Schrammsteinen, Großer Winterberg, Großer Zschand and Kirnitzsch valley.

Saxon Switzerland is characterized by its sandstone rocks which draw many rock climbers. There are some 14,000 climbing routes on over 1,100 rock pinnacles. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Saxon Rules for rock climbing were established. They are considered to be one of the origins of free climbing. Ropes and bolts may only be used for safety but never as a means of climbing. The use of chalk and common means of protection such as nuts and friends is also not permitted; instead knotted nylon slings are used. With a few exceptions, climbing is only practised and permitted at freestanding rock towers.

A Saxon oddity is the concept of a Baustelle (literally "building site") where climbers scale a difficult section by climbing on top of the shoulders of other climbers (sometimes several people on top of each other) with everybody involved only holding himself by holds the rock provides. Though this would normally be considered a form of aid climbing, it is here accepted as a form of free climbing. As the pinnacles are often very close to one other, jumping from one rock to another is also rather popular and this technique even has its own grades of difficulty.

In addition to the climbing summits there are also various steep paths, on which hikers with sure-footedness and a head for heights can climb, in places, great heights with the aid of steps, ladders, metal rungs and railings at various points. Amongst the most popular of these climbing paths are the Häntzschelstiege in the Affensteinen, as well as the Heilige Stiege, the Rübezahlstiege and the Rotkehlchenstiege north of Schmilka.

A Boofe (plural: Boofen) is local slang for sleeping out overnight in the open under a rock overhang and has a long tradition in Saxon Switzerland. Many young people travel to Saxon Switzerland at weekends in order to boofen. Today it is only permitted by the National Park Authority at designated sites. However the growing number of Boofers and the bad conduct of individuals (e.g. who light illegal campfires, tear up saplings or cause soil erosion) has led to repeated altercations.

Agricultural fields are typical of Saxon Switzerland
View from the Hohburkersdorf lookout with a panorama of Saxon and Bohemian Switzerland, showing from the left the peaks of the Lusatian Mountains, including the Studenec (Kaltenberg); several smaller mountains near Hohnstein as well as Hohnstein Castle, the Polenz valley, the Großer Winterberg (the highest hill in Saxon Switzerland east of the Elbe), the Rosenberg, the Affensteine and the Schrammsteine, the Kaiserkrone und den Zirkelstein, die Zschirnsteine mit dem Kleinen und dem Großen Zschirnstein (der höchste Berg der Saxon Switzerland), dann der Papststein und der Gohrisch and in between in the distance near Ústí nad Labem the Buková hora with its TV tower. In the foreground you can see the climbing rock of the Lokomotive near Rathen. On the horizon the next peak is the Hoher Schneeberg (the highest mountain in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains), in front of it the Lilienstein, further right is the Bastei and above it and behind Königstein Fortress. Even further right are the Rauenstein, the Bärensteine and the village of Leupoldishain with the site of the firm of Wismut. On the horizon is the crest of the Eastern Ore Mountains and in the foreground is Pirna-Sonnenstein.
View from the Brand lookout
  • View from the Bastei

  • View of the Elbe River from Bastei

  • View from Königstein fortress to Lilienstein and Elbe

  • Climbing in the Biela valley

  1. Sieghard Liebe, Lothar Kempe: Sächsische Schweiz und Ausflüge in die Böhmische Schweiz. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1974, (in German). p. 5
  2. Kohl, Horst; Marcinek, Joachim and Nitz, Bernhard (1986). Geography of the German Democratic Republic, VEB Hermann Haack, Gotha, p. 77. ISBN 978-3-7301-0522-1.
  3. Baedeker (2010). Dresden, Ostfildern, Germany, Verlag Karl Baedeker, 2010 (in German). p. 249. ISBN 978-3-8297-6611-1.
  4. Saxon Switzerland at www.saechsische-schweiz.de. Accessed on 9 September 2011.
  5. Saxon Switzerland at www.ceskosaske-svycarsko.cz. Accessed on 9 September 2011.
  6. Saxony Switzerland at www.saxony-switzerland.de/ Accessed on 9 September 2011.
  7. Ochterbeck, Cynthia Clayton (ed. dir.) et al. (2010), Germany, Michelin Green Guide, Watford UK and Greenville, SC, 2010, p. 480. ISBN 9781906261382.
  8. Map of natural regions in Saxony Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine at www.umwelt.sachsen.de (pdf, 859 kB)
  9. Statistik des Deutschen Reichs, Band 450: Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis für das Deutsche Reich, Teil I, Berlin 1939; page 272
  10. Vehslage, Dany; Vehslage, Thorsten (2021). 25 Klettersteige in Europa mit besonderem Charakter (in German) (2nd ed.). pp. 18–21. ISBN 978-3-7534-5421-4.
  • Autorenkollektiv: Brockhaus Reisehandbuch Sächsische Schweiz – Osterzgebirge. Leipzig 1970.
  • Wilhelm Lebrecht Götzinger: Schandau und seine Umgebungen, oder Beschreibung der Sächsischen Schweiz. Begersche Buch- und Kunsthandlung, Dresden 1812.
  • Heinz Klemm: Die Entdeckung der Sächsischen Schweiz. Sachsenverlag, Dresden 1953.
  • Alfred Meiche: Die Burgen und vorgeschichtlichen Wohnstätten der Sächsischen Schweiz. Wilhelm Baensch Verlagsbuchhandlung, Dresden 1907. (Reprint Leipzig 1979)
  • Alfred Meiche: Historisch-topographische Beschreibung der Amtshauptmannschaft Pirna. Dresden 1927.
  • Michael Bellmann: Der Klettersteigführer: Klettersteige und Stiegen in der Sächsischen Schweiz. Dresden 2019.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toSaxon Switzerland.

Coordinates:50°56′N14°12′E /50.933°N 14.200°E /50.933; 14.200

Saxon Switzerland
Saxon Switzerland Language Watch Edit This article is about the region in Germany For the district with the same name in German see Sachsische Schweiz For the village in Switzerland see Saxon Switzerland Saxon Switzerland German Sachsische Schweiz is a hilly climbing area and national park around the Elbe valley south east of Dresden in Saxony Germany Together with the Bohemian Switzerland in the Czech Republic it forms the Elbe Sandstone Mountains Saxon SwitzerlandView of the Lilienstein in Saxon SwitzerlandNative nameSachsische SchweizNatural regionElbe Sandstone MountainsNatural region characteristicsLandscape typeLandscapeHighest pointGrosser Zschirnstein 562 m SettlementsPirna Bad Schandau Sebnitz RathenCounty DistrictSachsische Schweiz OsterzgebirgeState s SaxonyCountryGermanyBastei bridge in Saxon Switzerland Sunset in Saxon Switzerland from the top of the Papststein The three large hills are Gohrisch l the Konigstein Fortress c and the Lilienstein r The Barbarine at Pfaffenstein Physical map of Saxon Switzerland The Lilienstein at dusk Saxon Switzerland alone has some 1 000 climbing peaks as well as several hollows The area is popular with local and international climbers The administrative district for the area is Sachsische Schweiz Osterzgebirge The fortress of Konigstein is a well known landmark Contents 1 Etymology 2 Geography 2 1 Natural region classification 2 2 Geological formation 2 3 Hills 3 History 3 1 Medieval castles 4 National park 5 Rock climbing 6 Boofen 7 Points of interest 8 Panorama 9 See also 10 Photos 11 References 12 Sources 13 External linksEtymology EditThe German name for Saxon Switzerland Sachsische Schweiz appeared in the 18th century Two Swiss artists Adrian Zingg and Anton Graff were appointed in 1766 to the Dresden Academy of Art From their new adopted home they look eastwards and saw about a day s walk away a hill range It had a strange flattish profile without any actual summits according to Lothar Kempe 1 They felt the landscape was reminiscent of their homeland the Swiss Jura and reported in their exchange of letters on the difference between their homeland and Saxon Switzerland Previously the Saxon part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains had merely been referred to as the Meissen Highlands Meissner Hochland Meissen Oberland Meissen Oberland or Heath above Schandau Heide uber Schandau 1 The description became popular through the publication of the name by Wilhelm Lebrecht Gotzinger In his books he described the area as Saxon Switzerland and made the term known to a wide audience In English the usual translation is Saxon Switzerland 2 3 4 5 However other sources call it Saxony Switzerland 6 or even Swiss Saxony 7 Geography Edit View from Carolafelsen into the Elbe sandstone mountain ranges To the east Saxon Switzerland transitions into the Lusatian Highlands and to the west into the Ore Mountains The adjacent Czech part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains is known as the Bohemian Switzerland The highest elevation in Saxon Switzerland is the Grosser Zschirnstein at 562 m above sea level Natural region classification Edit In the classification of natural regions by Emil Meynen Saxon Switzerland was a major unit 430 within the Saxon Bohemian Chalk Sandstone Region main unit group 43 whose only other major unit on German soil was the Zittau Mountains The boundary between the two mountain ranges the Elbe Sandstone Mountains and the Lusatian Mountains is located on Czech territory which is why these natural regions are geographically separated from one another The Ecosystem and Regional Character working group of the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig has now at the beginning of the 21st century grouped all ranges in the Saxon Bohemian border region into the super unit Saxon Highlands and Uplands Sachsisches Bergland und Mittelgebirge The Lusatian Mountains between Saxon Switzerland and the Zittau Mountains also belong to it whereas Meynen had grouped it with the loess hill country to the north and east into the major unit of Upper Lusatia Oberlausitz to the west the new super unit is continued by the main unit groups of the Ore Mountains and Vogtland 8 Geological formation Edit See Elbe Sandstone Mountains Geology section Hills Edit As a rule two types of hill may be distinguished Numerous rock formations in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains in both Saxon Switzerland and Bohemian Switzerland are known locally in this region as Steine rocks Prominent examples are the Konigstein the Lilienstein the Gohrisch and the Papststein This description does not however include the dome shaped Kuppen such as the Waitzdorfer Hohe or the Grosser Winterberg whose bedrock is made of volcanic basalt or granitic material The Cretaceous sandstone formations soar above the so called levels of their surrounding area the former level of the River Elbe and represent the remains of an old peneplain In the course of the Late Tertiary uplifting of the Ore Mountains and sideways pressure from the Lusatian Highlands shattered the sandstone plate along lines that intersected like a grid and this combined with the simultaneously increasing stream velocity of the Elbe and regressive erosion in its side valleys offered new lines of attack and new routes for the destructive power of water Initially the larger table hills Lilienstein or those already deeply fissured like Zirkelstein Kaiserkrone or already forested Kohlbornstein remained but these too broke up later as a result of erosive destruction into long ridges Schrammsteine or even into individual rock pinnacles Torwachter Morphologically harder sections of strata that resisted karstification longer and more successfully generally form the uppermost layers The collapse of rock structures is usually therefore a result of erosion from below or from the flanks History Edit The Bastei ca 1900 View from the Winterberg ca 1850 During the Dark Ages the region was settled by Slavs and was part of the Kingdom of Bohemia during the Middle Ages About 1000 years ago Bohemian Saxon Switzerland was the borderland of three Slavic tribes The Nisane tribe east of the Elbe from Dresden to Pirna the Milzane tribe from today s Upper Lusatia and in the south the Dacine tribe shaped the political and economic landscape at that time It was not until the 15th century that the area now called Saxon Switzerland came under Saxon hegemony when it became part of the Margraviate of Meissen with boundaries roughly corresponding to those of today The development of the area for tourism began in earnest in the 19th century This was greatly helped by the building of one of the first trolleybus lines in the world the Biela Valley Trolleybus which was in operation from 1901 to 1904 and was operated from Konigstein Romantic artists were inspired by the beauty of wilderness like the painter Ludwig Richter or the composer Carl Maria von Weber who set his famous opera Der Freischutz with its Wolfsschlucht Wolf s Gorge scene set near the town of Rathen In the Nazi era the description of German territories as Schweiz Switzerland was officially banned For that reason with effect from 19 October 1938 the official term Sachsische Schweiz was replaced by Amtshauptmannschaft Pirna and from January 1939 by Kreis Pirna in the names of the local places of Konigstein Obervogelgesang Ottendorf Porschdorf Rathen Rathewalde Rathmannsdorf and Reinhardtsdorf 9 Medieval castles Edit When Germans began to settle in the 13th century there was a systematic banishment of Bohemian influence and numerous local military conflicts erupted around strategically important fortifications These fortifications primarily serve to protect the border and trading routes Due to a lack of central power this protective function was left to local knights The progressive division of the area due to the hereditary distribution of estates upset the economic balance of the region and many castles degenerated into bases for robber barons Not until the middle of the 16th century when the Wettins captured many of the castles did the situation stabilise Today these the castles and ruins some of which are well preserved are popular with tourists who make their way to these sites up steep climbing paths These castles include Saxony Hohnstein Hockstein Neurathen Altrathen Konigstein Lilienstein Falkenstein Frienstein Rauschenstein Bohemia Schauenstein Falkenstein Kreibitzer Burg Tollenstein Khaaer Burg SchonbucheNational park Edit View of the Elbe near Rathen Main article Saxon Switzerland National Park In September 1990 even before the reunification of Germany a national park was created in Saxon Switzerland in order to protect the unique natural character of the hill range The 93 km2 area covers two physically separate regions one near Rathen the region of the Bastei Polenz valley Brand and Uttewalder Grund and the other embracing the whole Saxon Switzerland Hinterland Hintere Sachsische Schweiz between the Elbe and the state border with the Czech Republic and including the Schrammsteinen Grosser Winterberg Grosser Zschand and Kirnitzsch valley Rock climbing EditMain article Saxon Switzerland climbing region Saxon Switzerland is characterized by its sandstone rocks which draw many rock climbers There are some 14 000 climbing routes on over 1 100 rock pinnacles At the beginning of the 20th century the Saxon Rules for rock climbing were established They are considered to be one of the origins of free climbing Ropes and bolts may only be used for safety but never as a means of climbing The use of chalk and common means of protection such as nuts and friends is also not permitted instead knotted nylon slings are used With a few exceptions climbing is only practised and permitted at freestanding rock towers A Saxon oddity is the concept of a Baustelle literally building site where climbers scale a difficult section by climbing on top of the shoulders of other climbers sometimes several people on top of each other with everybody involved only holding himself by holds the rock provides Though this would normally be considered a form of aid climbing it is here accepted as a form of free climbing As the pinnacles are often very close to one other jumping from one rock to another is also rather popular and this technique even has its own grades of difficulty In addition to the climbing summits there are also various steep paths on which hikers with sure footedness and a head for heights can climb in places great heights with the aid of steps ladders metal rungs and railings at various points Amongst the most popular of these climbing paths are the Hantzschelstiege 10 in the Affensteinen as well as the Heilige Stiege the Rubezahlstiege and the Rotkehlchenstiege north of Schmilka Boofen EditA Boofe plural Boofen is local slang for sleeping out overnight in the open under a rock overhang and has a long tradition in Saxon Switzerland Many young people travel to Saxon Switzerland at weekends in order to boofen Today it is only permitted by the National Park Authority at designated sites However the growing number of Boofers and the bad conduct of individuals e g who light illegal campfires tear up saplings or cause soil erosion has led to repeated altercations Points of interest Edit Konigstein Fortress Kirnitzschtal Tramway Agricultural fields are typical of Saxon Switzerland Bastei and Neurathen Castle Barensteine and Rauenstein near Weissig Biela Valley Stolpen Castle Ruins of Wehlen Castle Rock arch near Wehlen Frienstein and the Ida Grotto Mount Gohrisch with its refuge hut Kaiserkrone and Zirkelstein Kirnitzschtal Tramway an historic interurban in the Kirnitzsch valley Little Saxon Switzerland a miniature park layout in the village of Wehlen Konigstein Fortress the largest hill fortress in Europe Kuhstall on the New Wildenstein Lilienstein Schrammsteine Obere Schleuse boat trip near Hinterhermsdorf Rathen Open Air Stage an open air theatre Papststein with observation tower and restaurant Pfaffenstein and the Barbarine Wolfsberg Bad Schandau Botanical Gardens a regional botanical gardenPanorama Edit View from the Hohburkersdorf lookout with a panorama of Saxon and Bohemian Switzerland showing from the left the peaks of the Lusatian Mountains including the Studenec Kaltenberg several smaller mountains near Hohnstein as well as Hohnstein Castle the Polenz valley the Grosser Winterberg the highest hill in Saxon Switzerland east of the Elbe the Rosenberg the Affensteine and the Schrammsteine the Kaiserkrone und den Zirkelstein die Zschirnsteine mit dem Kleinen und dem Grossen Zschirnstein der hochste Berg der Saxon Switzerland dann der Papststein und der Gohrisch and in between in the distance near Usti nad Labem the Bukova hora with its TV tower In the foreground you can see the climbing rock of the Lokomotive near Rathen On the horizon the next peak is the Hoher Schneeberg the highest mountain in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains in front of it the Lilienstein further right is the Bastei and above it and behind Konigstein Fortress Even further right are the Rauenstein the Barensteine and the village of Leupoldishain with the site of the firm of Wismut On the horizon is the crest of the Eastern Ore Mountains and in the foreground is Pirna Sonnenstein View from the Brand lookoutSee also EditSaxon Switzerland National Park Elbe Sandstone Mountains List of regions of SaxonyPhotos Edit View from the Bastei View of the Elbe River from Bastei View from Konigstein fortress to Lilienstein and Elbe Falkenstein Climbing in the Biela valley National Park signReferences Edit a b Sieghard Liebe Lothar Kempe Sachsische Schweiz und Ausfluge in die Bohmische Schweiz Brockhaus Leipzig 1974 in German p 5 Kohl Horst Marcinek Joachim and Nitz Bernhard 1986 Geography of the German Democratic Republic VEB Hermann Haack Gotha p 77 ISBN 978 3 7301 0522 1 Baedeker 2010 Dresden Ostfildern Germany Verlag Karl Baedeker 2010 in German p 249 ISBN 978 3 8297 6611 1 Saxon Switzerland at www saechsische schweiz de Accessed on 9 September 2011 Saxon Switzerland at www ceskosaske svycarsko cz Accessed on 9 September 2011 Saxony Switzerland at www saxony switzerland de Accessed on 9 September 2011 Ochterbeck Cynthia Clayton ed dir et al 2010 Germany Michelin Green Guide Watford UK and Greenville SC 2010 p 480 ISBN 9781906261382 Map of natural regions in Saxony Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine at www umwelt sachsen de pdf 859 kB Statistik des Deutschen Reichs Band 450 Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis fur das Deutsche Reich Teil I Berlin 1939 page 272 Vehslage Dany Vehslage Thorsten 2021 25 Klettersteige in Europa mit besonderem Charakter in German 2nd ed pp 18 21 ISBN 978 3 7534 5421 4 Sources EditAutorenkollektiv Brockhaus Reisehandbuch Sachsische Schweiz Osterzgebirge Leipzig 1970 Wilhelm Lebrecht Gotzinger Schandau und seine Umgebungen oder Beschreibung der Sachsischen Schweiz Begersche Buch und Kunsthandlung Dresden 1812 Heinz Klemm Die Entdeckung der Sachsischen Schweiz Sachsenverlag Dresden 1953 Alfred Meiche Die Burgen und vorgeschichtlichen Wohnstatten der Sachsischen Schweiz Wilhelm Baensch Verlagsbuchhandlung Dresden 1907 Reprint Leipzig 1979 Alfred Meiche Historisch topographische Beschreibung der Amtshauptmannschaft Pirna Dresden 1927 Michael Bellmann Der Klettersteigfuhrer Klettersteige und Stiegen in der Sachsischen Schweiz Dresden 2019 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Saxon Switzerland Saxony Switzerland en Sachsische Schweiz in German Official portal of the destination Saxon Switzerland in English Saxon Switzerland Tourism Portal Saxon Switzerland Info Portal Saxon Switzerland en Coordinates 50 56 N 14 12 E 50 933 N 14 200 E 50 933 14 200 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Saxon Switzerland amp oldid 1022626171, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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